The most unusual combat bikes in history


Self-propelled two-wheeled vehicles appeared in the 60s of the XIX century, initially they were equipped with a steam engine. These were the most distant ancestors of modern motorcycles. The first motorcycle with an internal combustion engine was built by German engineers Wilhelm Maybach and Gottlieb Daimler in 1885. Both engineers are the founding fathers of two major automotive brands that are known throughout the world today. Gradually, motorcycles developed, improved, and by the beginning of World War I reached a level that attracted the attention of the military in many countries.


It is worth noting that before the start of World War I, the horse remained the main means of transportation in all armies. Horses were used in large quantities in the army, and they required daily care, they had to be fed and watered. For example, in the Russian Imperial Army in 1916, 50 percent of all food stuffs were feed for horses: oats, hay, and feed straw. These were millions of pounds of cargo, which were not only very heavy, but also took up a lot of space. The advent of mechanized vehicles greatly simplified logistics, and they could not be handled like a living being.

Motorcycles were especially liked by infantry, signalmen and messengers. During the First World War, motorcycles were baptized and began to be used in large quantities. They were used for courier communications, reconnaissance, as a means of quickly transporting small cargoes, and in some cases as combat vehicles. Over time, motorcycles began to appear weapon, small reservation and camouflage coloring. By the beginning of World War II, motorcycles were already massively used by all the armies of the world, and the image of a German soldier on a motorcycle with a sidecar became a textbook. Over time, designers began to offer unusual designs for military motorcycles, including armored monsters. Consider the most interesting of the unusual projects.

Armored Motorcycle Projects


The idea to equip a motorcycle with a machine gun and minimal armor was proposed by Frederick Richard Simms back in 1898. This man, in fact, also founded the entire automotive industry of Great Britain. The project he created was something like a motorized stroller with a machine gun on board, which was covered with an armored shield. According to modern terminology, his invention would be called an ATV. He hoisted Maxim's 7,62-mm machine gun on it. A notable feature of the development, dubbed Motor Scout, was that, if necessary, the driver-gunner could switch exclusively to pedal traction.


In World War I, motorcycles began to receive weapons en masse. In the armies of many countries, models appeared with a machine gun mounted in a wheelchair, which was covered with an armored shield in front. At the same time, a self-propelled anti-aircraft mount based on a motorcycle was designed in the Russian Imperial Army. A similar model did not have a reservation. At the same time, a standard Maxim machine gun was placed in the wheelchair on the anti-airflight installation.

After the end of World War I, the base for creating armored cars for many years became one of the most powerful and heavy motorcycles with a sidecar - the American Harley Davidson. In the USA, back in the 1930s, police wanted to buy motorcycles with a reservation. Apparently, the need to confront the gangsters, who had at their disposal numerous Thompson submachine guns, was having an effect. In fact, such motorcycles were ordinary versions of the Harleys with a sidecar, on which armored shields were installed in front with insets of bulletproof glass. The shields were similar to those used today by special forces soldiers during assaults and the release of hostages.


American Police Motorcycle Reservation Option

Much more advanced versions of the armored cars in the 1930s were designed in Europe. The military of Belgium and Denmark were considering the possibility of using similar equipment in a combat situation. So the famous Belgian company FN (Fabrique Nationale) in 1935 created an armored bicycle for the Belgian army, which received the designation FN M86. The model for the armed forces received an engine boosted to 600 cubes and a reinforced frame. However, even such a motor, which produced 20 hp, pashed before additional reservation, the weight of which reached 175 kg. The driver was hiding behind a massive bulletproof shield, in which there was a window. In a combat situation, the window was closed and it was possible to follow the road through the viewing gap. The shooter in the carriage was protected by armor from three sides.

The most unusual combat bikes in history
Armored Moto Armored Moto FN M86 at the São Paulo Parade

Military motorcycle riding capabilities are not satisfied. The speed and maneuverability of a heavy machine left much to be desired. However, FN was waiting for success in the international market. The model was sold to the Brazilian police under the designation Armored Moto FN M86. Both built motorcycles went to Brazil, as well as all the technical documentation for their release. At the same time, other Latin American countries, as well as Romania and Yemen, purchased such armored vehicles. True, all parties were small, in total about 100 such motorcycles were produced.

The engineers of the Swedish company Landsverk went even further and built the Landsverk 210 armored bicycle for the Danish army. The model was created in 1932 on the basis of the Harley Davidson VSC / LC motorcycle. On this model, the driver was covered with armor not only in front, but also from the back, as well as partially from the side. At the same time, the motorcycle itself also protected the armor, all important components and assemblies, and partially covered even the wheels. In Denmark, the model was called FP.3 (Førsøkspanser 3). However, the military was not impressed by the model, it was very difficult to control the motorcycle, and at a speed it was heavily drifted. The powerful engine of 1200 cubes, which developed up to 30 hp, did not save the situation, since the mass of armor and weapons placed on the model exceeded 700 kg.


Bronecicles Landsverk 210, FP.3

Bronecicle Grokhovsky


In the interwar period, the Soviet designer and engineer Pavel Ignatievich Grokhovsky proposed his own project of an armored combat motorcycle or just an armored cycle. Pavel Grokhovsky was primarily an aircraft designer and worked in the interests of the emerging airborne troops only. As we already know, he was not a pioneer in the creation of an armored cycle, such ideas were massively considered by the military of many countries in the 1930s. The designers offered numerous options for single armored vehicles, as well as armored models of motorcycles with a sidecar and machine gun weapons. Grokhovsky’s armoredcycle was distinguished from the designs of foreign designers primarily by the presence of a full-fledged armored corps that protected the fighter from all sides.

Grokhovsky’s armored vehicle was a small single armored car on a semi-tracked chassis with a front swivel wheel of a motorcycle type. The caterpillar mover was distinguished by the presence of only one belt, as well as two support wheels of small diameter on the sides. Reservation is lightweight, providing protection for the fighter and machine components from small arms fire and small fragments. The armored corps covered the entire motorcycle. The armored car driver simultaneously performed the role of a shooter, firing from a course machine gun installed in the frontal sheet of the hull. The driver's seat was in a closed armored cabin in front of the car, followed by a motor-transmission compartment. To monitor the terrain, the driver used viewing slots in the car body, as well as a hemispherical turret on the roof of the body.


Bronecicles Grokhovsky. Fig. A. Sheps

Grokhovsky’s armored cycle was worked out in detail, but the project did not interest the military, therefore it was never implemented in metal. It’s a pity when you consider that your version of a half-track motorcycle appeared and was widely used by Germany during the Second World War, however, it was an option without armor, which proved to be an effective lightweight transporter. At the same time, like the Grokhovsky armored vehicle, the German SdKfz 2 was created primarily for the airborne troops.

Half-track motorcycle SdKfz 2


One of the most interesting, and most importantly effective and popular examples of unusual combat motorcycles is rightfully considered the German SdKfz 2 half-track motorcycle. This model has become one of the heroes of the Hollywood film "Saving Private Ryan." The Mosfilm is not far behind in this regard, SdKfz 2 is also presented in the Russian film Zvezda, in which a Soviet reconnaissance group encounters a German patrol on a half-track motorcycle. From 1940 to 1945, 8871 such a motorcycle was assembled in Germany, and after the war ended, about 550 more cars were left from the existing reserve.

This model was developed as a conveyor and a half-track tractor for parachute and mountain jaeger units. The car was planned to be used as a light artillery tractor. At the same time, an indisputable advantage was that the motorcycle could be easily transported directly on board the main German military transport aircraft Ju-52. During the war years, a half-track motorcycle was used in all parts of the German army. Usually it was used to transport light artillery pieces: mountain and anti-aircraft guns, small-caliber mortars, and various trailers. Also, SdKfz 2 could be used as a cable router and even towing aircraft at aerodromes.


Separately, one can single out the fact that one of the options for factory delivery was hinged armor, after installing which a half-track motorcycle turned into a combat reconnaissance vehicle armed with a machine gun. True, such a modification significantly increased the weight of the motorcycle, which negatively affected the speed characteristics and cross-country ability of the SdKfz 2. In the usual version, the SdKfz 2 half-track motorcycle could travel over rough terrain at speeds of up to 40 km / h, and on the highway it delivered 62 km / h . At the same time, the standard carrying capacity of the model was 350 kg, the crew - up to three people.

Anti-tank scooter


One of the craziest projects in stories military vehicles can be called the French anti-tank scooter Vespa 150 TAP. The model was built in series and was manufactured in commercial quantities - from 500 to 800 pieces. The unusual scooter was specially designed for the French paratroopers and was a carrier of 75-mm recoilless guns M20 American production.

When creating this model, the designers took as a basis the Italian Vespa scooter with a single-cylinder two-stroke gasoline engine. The main advantage of this solution was mobility, the speed of the scooter on paved roads reached 66 km / h. At the same time, its frame supported the weight of the American M20 recoilless gun, which, although it was not the crown of creation, still pierced 100 mm of armor with the help of cumulative shells.


Vespa 150 TAP

The use of such combat scooters was supposed to be in pairs. One recoilless gun was attached on one, shells to it were transported on the other. Two paratroopers, having at their disposal such means, had to effectively deal with light enemy armored vehicles. For firing a recoilless gun from a scooter, of course, was removed and placed on a machine resembling a machine for a Browning machine gun M1917. At the same time, in an emergency, you could shoot directly from the scooter, however, you could forget about the accuracy of shooting.
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  1. Lexus 16 February 2020 18: 27 New
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    An interesting topic. Thanks! good
    Armored Triumph WO 3SW, used as a moving firing point in World War II.


    And his modern replica.
    1. Catfish 16 February 2020 18: 33 New
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      Hi Aleksey! hi The equipment does not stand still and on four wheels it is more stable. The armor, though not yet hung, but I think this is just around the corner.
      1. Lexus 16 February 2020 18: 41 New
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        Kostya, hello! hi
        Do you propose a shootout? soldier

      2. Lexus 16 February 2020 19: 18 New
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        Ah, now they are betting on "electricity." Ours are no exception.

        Domestic "military" electric cycles "Gran" developed by LLC "Research Center for Electrotechnical Equipment and Materials" and "IL Pulsar" from the concern "Kalashnikov"
        It may be a tribute to fashion, but, in my opinion, romanticism is not the same. request
      3. vladcub 16 February 2020 20: 16 New
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        New is well forgotten old. So with this ATV
  2. Catfish 16 February 2020 18: 30 New
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    Good article, but motorbikes are simply luxurious. Thanks. smile
    1. Lexus 16 February 2020 18: 46 New
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      And now, as they say, a domestic manufacturer. soldier

      Turret for PPSh generally FIRE!
      1. Lopatov 16 February 2020 19: 49 New
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        Quote: lexus
        Turret for PPSh generally FIRE!

      2. Catfish 16 February 2020 21: 14 New
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        Right! PPSh on the steering wheel killed on the spot without any shooting. good drinks
  3. rocket757 16 February 2020 18: 39 New
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    And the truth is, the technique is interesting.
    The flight of imagination of inventors, some, has no limits.
    1. Lexus 16 February 2020 18: 52 New
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      Flight of fantasy

      Hello, hello!hi
      The Chinese "comrades" hint as be that not only the inventors have an irresistible craving for flights, and not only fantasies.
      1. rocket757 16 February 2020 19: 40 New
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        Alexey, good evening soldier
        For the Chinese, everything is just like in the textbook ... the motorcycle is nowhere more classic and the trick is the same.
        Copyists, in a word.
        1. Catfish 16 February 2020 21: 08 New
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          Hi victor hi But in general, they copy everything very carefully and successfully, and not only with us. wink
      2. Azis 16 February 2020 20: 14 New
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        The wheel has fallen off, the oil is dripping, the rear wheel is lowering, the paint has peeled off on the stroller, and the dents are already from the factory ...
      3. vladcub 16 February 2020 20: 20 New
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        Is this a type of wheel change on the go? You can still put on the wheel on the go, but how to unscrew the nut while driving? I can not imagine
      4. Catfish 16 February 2020 21: 07 New
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        Lyosha, it’s right along Bulgakov, when Grach on the go unscrewed the wheel from the car, sat on it and flew away to the damn grandmother. laughing
        1. Lexus 16 February 2020 21: 15 New
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          Kostya, the famous Chinese anti-tank platoon, is a crowd of Chinese with screwdrivers.lol They are on the quote pad of Mao Zedong worse than any "wheels" "sit". laughing
          1. Catfish 16 February 2020 21: 22 New
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            It seems that now they are a little wrong. They now have a superbly equipped army and an excellent Navy. But they will forever again be able to “enter into service” with “quotes”. Now everything seems to be nothing, but I well remember the time when they suddenly turned from our "younger brothers forever" into fierce enemies. I would not want a repetition. Present-day Russia is far from the Soviet Union in whose army I served in the military. request
            1. Lexus 16 February 2020 21: 36 New
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              With me 2 years ago in a hospital lay a participant in the events on Damansky. So, he has in all seriousness, "Certificate of a WWII veteran." No matter how Freud it turned out ... request
              1. Catfish 16 February 2020 21: 47 New
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                There, the guys specifically framed. We went there with the chief of staff, then showed photos with the bodies of our guys, the Chinese above them, already abused the dead. I do not believe the Asians, no matter what friends they wear.
                1. Nikolaevich I 17 February 2020 01: 57 New
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                  Quote: Sea Cat
                  then he showed photographs with the bodies of our children, the Chinese above them, already abused the dead. I do not believe the Asians, whatever

                  Yes, there were photos ... I saw them .... But what does the "chief of staff" have to do with it? Take pictures: 1.journalists; 2. experts from the commission appointed by the government decree ... and these are the most "creepy" pictures. These photos, perhaps, cannot be found now, even on the Internet ... In any case, those photos that the commission experts took were “classified”, as I heard ...
                  1. Catfish 17 February 2020 13: 50 New
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                    . But what does the "chief of staff" have to do with it?


                    After the events at Damansky, the chiefs of staff of the units were sent there starting from the division. I served in a separate tank regiment and the headquarters of such a regiment was equal in status to the headquarters of the division. Our chief of staff, Colonel Nardin, went there and, of course, he didn’t take pictures of anything, the photographs were handed on the spot to all the posted officers. I never heard about the fact that these photos were supposedly classified. hi
                    1. Nikolaevich I 17 February 2020 15: 14 New
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                      All clear ! I mean, they didn’t take pictures of "everyone" ... Your explanation explains everything and is completely exhaustive. There were, more or less, photographs taken by journalists of publications accredited in the area of ​​conflict. They could have been presented here. As I heard from one "military comrade" who was related to those events, there were photos taken by some experts for "professional purposes" ... here they were not subject to "wide disclosure" ... Perhaps, now a lot can be done on the Internet find ... only I didn’t look for such photos on the Internet and they didn’t come across to me when I "ran into" publications related to "daman" events ...
                      1. Catfish 17 February 2020 16: 06 New
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                        Vladimir hi this is the point here, after my military service I met one special forces officer who had already been dismissed from the GRU (I didn’t tell you why), he also had photographs from Damansky, and he said that our border guard had managed to take them before they killed the Chinese his. And these were not the fractographs that showed my chief of staff. And I remember that I saw one of them in our central press of that time.
                      2. vladcub 17 February 2020 18: 01 New
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                        Kamrad cat (completely old, head with a hole, I forgot my name), I was still in school and remember after the events on Damansky, they showed me a terrible photo, it seems "Komsomolskaya Pravda"?
                      3. Catfish 17 February 2020 18: 09 New
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                        Pts maybe, I think that these photos were printed by decree from above in all the central newspapers, so Komsomolka could well.
        2. vladcub 17 February 2020 17: 46 New
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          I agree. I think that the Kremlin is also a little able to think. The dragon is better not to tease: FIG knows what he thinks
          1. Catfish 17 February 2020 18: 02 New
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            I think that the Kremlin is also a little able to think

            Sure? Where does this information come from? In my opinion, they simply clung to the throne and try to stay on it.
            1. vladcub 17 February 2020 18: 11 New
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              At least there is enough mind with the "dragon" common language. True, there is a coincidence of interests, but even in this case you need a head
              1. Catfish 17 February 2020 18: 21 New
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                Glory, it was already, and just when I served in the army. A common language with them is a priori impossible, in my opinion. We understand many things in completely different ways, for example, we don’t have such a thing as “lose face,” and the Chinese have it in the first place. "Losing his face," the Chinese are already dead. This is a different world, and what, say, can, if desired, work with some European country, in China simply will not find understanding.
    2. Range 16 February 2020 23: 42 New
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      Quote: Sea Cat
      sat on it and flew to the damn grandmother.


      Into another world.
  4. Free wind 16 February 2020 22: 50 New
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    Hodovka Uralovskaya, spokes of different lengths, see. But with the turn signals it is not clear, the right turn signal should be in a wheelchair.
  • The leader of the Redskins 16 February 2020 18: 46 New
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    Thanks for the interesting article! I read a couple about armored motorcycles in childhood, but this one is the most extended and illustrated.
    1. dokusib 17 February 2020 12: 22 New
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      Yeah, I remember there was such a magazine, "Technique of Youth." On page 3 of the cover, selections of funny or curious inventions were printed. There was an article on self-propelled guns. Well, the author there was clearly not a military man. According to the text, almost the first part is about motorcycles, only the Soviet self-propelled gun of the 20s is missing. But in terms of illustrations, the author is brave! There were small hand-drawn pictures with funny soldiers. And now I saw photos of this technique
  • Lamata 16 February 2020 19: 30 New
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    The author a huge respect !!!! and anti-tank scooter generally fly away.
    1. Lopatov 16 February 2020 19: 43 New
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      Quote: Lamata
      The author a huge respect !!!! and anti-tank scooter generally fly away.

      1. Lamata 16 February 2020 20: 16 New
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        And what’s that tool? some kind of recoillessness? anti-tank. just do the first time I sweeten that we would get this on lend-lease, not about motorbike infa, but in such a configuration.
        1. Lexus 16 February 2020 20: 45 New
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          Soviet 37-mm airborne gun mod. 1944 (ChK-M1)

          1. Lamata 16 February 2020 21: 43 New
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            Thanks a lot for the info.
        2. Lopatov 16 February 2020 21: 54 New
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          Quote: Lamata
          just do the first time I sweeten that we would get this on lendlise

          Under Lend-Lease we received "Harley"
          And our gun.
    2. Nikolaevich I 17 February 2020 02: 18 New
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      Quote: Lamata
      anti-tank scooter generally fly away.

      Do you think? What
      we did not see anti-tank motorcycles?
  • Lopatov 16 February 2020 19: 39 New
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    WLA 42

    30 thousand Lend-Lease received
  • Lopatov 16 February 2020 19: 45 New
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    And yes, really the most unusual of all.

    Welbike


    1. vladcub 16 February 2020 20: 27 New
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      Any motorcycles, midgets? Something similar was in one of the James Bond series. I liked and like the first films about Bond, they were beautiful and somehow humorous, and then there was nonsense
      1. Lopatov 16 February 2020 21: 52 New
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        Quote: vladcub
        Any motorcycles, midgets?

        Originally created for saboteurs by the British USO (Office of Special Operations)
        Then they wanted to arm simple paratroopers.
        But not really gone ....
        Only about 3.5 thousand riveted

  • vladcub 16 February 2020 20: 57 New
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    The motorcycle for the police is even normal.
    In my opinion, in the current environment, some of these projects may appear.
    For example: landswerk if the armor is replaced with Kevlar and the armored bicycle is ready for patrol
    1. Catfish 16 February 2020 21: 12 New
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      Hi Svyatoslav! hi When meeting with KAMAZ, no Kevlar will save. wassat
      1. Lexus 16 February 2020 21: 24 New
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        Motorcyclists for the characteristic "chpok" in a collision called "crunches".
      2. Lamata 16 February 2020 21: 44 New
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        from kamaz a bicycle and you will not notice !!!!
      3. vladcub 16 February 2020 21: 54 New
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        Good evening, and then the tank, what will save your KAMAZ? Such armored vehicles are quite appropriate in the conditions of South America with their guerillas.
        1. Catfish 16 February 2020 22: 04 New
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          I’ve just served in the tank smile . We rode on the principle of "let the road take care of itself." So KAMAZ is completely not mine, it’s just possible to meet a tank more often than an example on a public road. request
          An old joke: at the intersection, a tank and a road roller collided - both of them are fucking. soldier
          1. Was mammoth 16 February 2020 23: 06 New
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            Quote: Sea Cat
            Old anecdote:

            I somehow drive up to the ring and see a skating rink almost in the middle of it. Behind it, a demolished fence and plowed land. What a miracle? They said so. It seems like the driver, to quickly roll the skating rink, put downhill to neutral, and when he realized that he didn’t stop, he jumped down. It’s good that the ring turned out to be on the way. So, with a roar and ringing, the ice rink plowed half the ring. The next morning everything was as before, and the fence, and flowers! wink
  • Mytholog 16 February 2020 21: 27 New
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    In Minsk last year, a curious guerrilla tricycle was shown. This topic is alive, alive)
    https://novate.ru/files/u34476/vistovkago0.jpg
  • Alf
    Alf 16 February 2020 22: 48 New
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    There is a wonderful series of Motorcycles of the Second World War. 4 series, there are on Rutrekker. You will not regret.
  • Nikolaevich I 17 February 2020 02: 33 New
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    It is a pity that there was no place to mention the motorcycle soldier M-72 (aka IMZ, aka Ural, aka BMW R71 ...)!
    Flamethrower...
    1. The comment was deleted.
    2. MORDVIN13rus 18 February 2020 19: 29 New
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      M-72 was never called the Urals.
      1. Nikolaevich I 19 February 2020 02: 30 New
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        Quote: MORDVIN13rus
        M-72 was never called the Urals

        Since 1961, motorcycles manufactured at IMZ began to be called "Urals" ... That's what Wikipedia says ...:Ural ”is a Soviet and Russian heavy motorcycle manufactured at the Irbitsky motorcycle plant (Sverdlovsk Region, Irbit). In the vast majority of cases, it is operated with a stroller. Motorcycle models are available with or without wheelchairs. The wheelchair drive is switchable, differential. Ural is a further development of the M-72 motorcycle, a copy of the German BMW R71. Models produced for many years ... decades, rarely remain unchanged! Over the years of production, the "base" model is often "modernized", modifications appear ... Even if you take the M-72 model of 1940 and compare it with the M-72 model of 1960-61, it will not be the same ! In some "Internet" articles you can read the following: the M-72 motorcycle (aka BMW R71 ... aka IMZ ... since 1961 the Urals ...). If my memory serves me right, then, it seems, until 1961 the M-72 was produced for the army ... after 1961 a "civilian" version of this model with an "addition" of the name "Ural" began to be produced.
        1. MORDVIN13rus 19 February 2020 19: 00 New
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          M-72 began production in Moscow, Leningrad and Gorky. Then in Kharkov and Kiev. At 41m they began to produce in Irbit. The first motorcycle that received its own name "Ural" was the M-62. Motorcycles of release 40 and 60 are one and the same. I saw a lot of such options, the difference is minimal.
  • Grafova Irina 19 February 2020 02: 59 New
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    Bravo!!! Almost laughed