Air-to-air weapons for the Mi-28


Attack helicopter Mi-28NM. The NPPU-28 installation and the Sagittarius launch module are clearly visible. Photo Airwar.ru


Modern attack helicopters of the Mi-28 family have a wide range of guided and uncontrolled ammunition for various purposes. The main part of the weapons is intended to destroy various ground targets. Air-to-air systems are also provided, with the help of which the helicopter is able to defend itself from attack or to launch the first strike.

Small caliber


One of the distinguishing features of the Mi-28 helicopters is the fixed movable gun installation NPPU-28. The unit of a characteristic type is suspended under the bow of the fuselage and carries an automatic gun 2A42 caliber 30 mm. The installation is included in the control loops. weapons and works synchronously with sighting devices.

NPPU-28 drives provide horizontal aiming at an angle of up to 110 ° to the right and left of the axis, as well as vertical at 13 ° up and 40 ° down. Ammunition from 250 shells 30x165 mm is placed in the side boxes of the installation; two-way selective supply of ammunition. Ammunition includes armor-piercing and high-explosive shells.


Mi-28N with similar weapons. Photo NPK "KBM" / kbm.ru

The main objective of NPPU-28 is to attack lightly armored ground targets, the protection of which can be penetrated by a 30-mm shell. Such targets are confidently hit from 1,5 km. Possible shooting at "soft" targets from 4 km. NPPU-28 also allows you to deal with low-speed air targets like helicopters or some aircraft. Effective shooting in this mode is provided at ranges up to 2-2,5 km.

Sagittarius with the Needle


The main air-to-air armament of Mi-28 helicopters of all modifications at the moment is the Sagittarius system - a set of equipment and launch modules for the integration of Igla or Igla-S anti-aircraft guided missiles. With the help of such devices, a helicopter or other carrier gets the opportunity to detect and attack air targets on overtaking and oncoming courses.

KAM "Sagittarius" includes two main components: a universal starting module and control and communication equipment. The composition of the components for a particular media is determined by the customer in accordance with the existing requirements. So, on Mi-28 helicopters, dual launch modules with a common set of control equipment are used. The modules are suspended under the wing, and the control unit is mounted inside the machine.

The universal launch module is a device with the necessary devices for preliminary target detection and mountings for two TPKs with SAM. One such module without rockets weighs no more than 40-41 kg; the weight of control equipment is less than 5 kg.


Two modules "Sagittarius" close-up. On the upper installed TPK with missiles, the lower mount is empty. Wikimedia Commons Photos

When using Sagittarius, the Mi-28 helicopter gets the opportunity to attack air targets at distances of up to 5-6 km (depending on the type of SAM). Target speed - up to 400 m / s, reaction time - from 6,6 sec. Shooting is provided in several modes: single launches, sequential or paired from both sides simultaneously.

Fighter himself


According to recent reports, the newest modification of the Mi-28NM helicopter will receive a new air-to-air defense system. The expected expansion of the range of ammunition will allow the helicopter to conduct air combat more effectively against targets of different classes.

On February 10, Izvestia reported that the Ministry of Defense made a fundamental decision to equip attack helicopters with a R-74M short-range missile. Work in this direction has already begun, and now industry needs to solve several important design problems. Moreover, the positive consequences of such undertakings are already clear.

The R-74M missile, according to known data, is capable of attacking targets from a distance of up to 40 km. It is intended for firing at aircraft, helicopters, UAVs and high-precision weapons of a number of classes. Guidance on the target is provided at any time of the day and in any weather conditions. However, high performance comes at a price. At one point of the wing suspension, only one rocket is placed.


R-74 missiles at the Kurganpribor enterprise. Photo Kurgan.ru

It is curious that the R-74M is still featured in the news about the Mi-28NM. Such a helicopter has some features that can more fully reveal the potential of a promising missile. Mi-28NM is the first in its family to regularly receive the sub-submarine radar N025, intended for conducting all-round visibility and detection of ground or air targets. Detection range - up to 20 km; tracking of several targets with simultaneous shooting is provided.

Thus, the H025 station will allow the helicopter to monitor the air situation and identify threats at a considerable distance. Then the Mi-28NM will be able to launch the R-74M rocket and hit the detected target - including at distances close to the maximum detection range.

The introduction of the R-74M in the ammunition should increase the potential of the Mi-28NM in the context of self-defense. In some situations, such a missile will allow to strike the first blow. Possible shooting at external target designation with the capture of the target after launch and other methods of application. In all cases, new weapons with enhanced characteristics will show serious advantages over existing products. In fact, an attack helicopter will be able to take on part of the tasks of fighter aircraft - at least in certain situations.

Rockets for helicopters


It should be noted that the installation of air-to-air missiles on attack helicopters has long become commonplace. In battle, there is a risk of collision with enemy fighters or helicopters, and self-defense facilities are needed. However, approaches to solving this issue may differ. First of all, this applies to missile weapons.


Mi-28N helicopter with weapons for attacking ground and air targets. Photo "Helicopters of Russia" / russianhelicopters.aero

Soviet and Russian Mi-24 helicopters of various modifications are equipped with machine guns or cannons and are capable of carrying short-range R-60 or Igla missiles. The latter are borrowed from serial land-based MANPADS. A similar approach is used by foreign aircraft manufacturers. For example, the Eurofighter Tiger European combat helicopter uses a 30-mm cannon for air combat, as well as Stinger or Mistral missiles. Both missiles are borrowed from MANPADS.

A curious approach is used by the US Air Force. Their AH-64 Apache helicopter carries AIM-92 Stinger MANPADS and can also be equipped with aviation short-range air-to-air missiles AIM-9 Sidewinder of various modifications. The possibility of introducing other weapons with different characteristics was considered.

Russian helicopters of the Mi-28 family generally correspond to domestic and foreign approaches to self-defense, although noticeable differences are outlined. At the moment, the most effective means of combating air threats for the Mi-28 of all modifications remains KAM Sagittarius with missiles of the Igla line. With this kit, a helicopter can control a zone with a radius of 5-6 km.

However, in the future, allegedly, the latest modification of the Mi-28 will receive a promising air-to-air missile with a range of 40 km. This can dramatically change the combat capabilities of the helicopter. It will become not just a difficult target, but also a real threat to enemy fighters or helicopters. Thus, thanks to new weapons, helicopters will become even more dangerous for ground and air targets.
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  1. Strashila 11 February 2020 18: 20 New
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    "With this kit, a helicopter can control a zone with a radius of 5-6 km.
    However, in the future, allegedly, the latest modification of the Mi-28 will receive a promising air-to-air missile with a range of 40 km. "
    But at present, there is a need for systems similar to the active tank type Drozd or Arena with a range of about 500 meters to intercept missiles operating in automatic mode.
    Now pilots can’t just shoot at helicopters, from SAM, MANPADS and ATGMs to grenade launchers, pilots have more than just the ability to keep track of everything.
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    2. figwam 11 February 2020 18: 31 New
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      Mi-28NM will be able to launch the R-74M missile and hit the detected target - including at distances close to the maximum detection range.

      Right thing, enemy helicopters are straining.
    3. Ka-52 12 February 2020 08: 47 New
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      But at present, there is a need for systems similar to the active tank type Drozd or Arena with a range of about 500 meters to intercept missiles operating in automatic mode.

      Yep, exactly laughing so that the first protective ammunition beat off the blades to the hair dryer edren. Yes, and breaks his board - 0,8-1,2mm is no comparison with tank armor
      1. Strashila 12 February 2020 10: 24 New
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        To begin with, the IR traps being fired do not damage the blades in any way.
        The main threat to the helicopter comes from the ground, aerial to a lesser extent.
        Here is the question of what specifically to sharpen.
        If the missiles are of a different class, then they all have a pronounced thermal component from the operation of the engines.
        An optoelectronic armament detection and control complex will suffice here.
        It is important that the reaction time, the complex, the distance launch is often carried out, as they say at a point of "pistol shot" point-blank.
        Ammunition is fired in the direction of the target in a horizontal plane relative to the helicopter,
        control turns on after leaving the zone of the blades, this is a delay, miles of a second. Further inertia should be enough for a controlled maneuver either up or down to intercept.
        Ammunition with an infrared head and flight control, warhead of a directional explosion with ready-to-use striking elements, a simplified missile I don’t really want to.
        If it’s from RPG grenades, then here it’s more difficult, and the radar detection system, and missiles with other heads.
  2. Pavel57 11 February 2020 18: 21 New
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    The Iranian Phantom Mi-24 of Iraq was shot down by a cannon.
    1. DMB 75 11 February 2020 18: 30 New
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      Unprecedented happens!

      The fighters included in the air-to-air missile area gave themselves out as radar emitters, and the Mi-24V, as if in a Hollywood movie, made a sharp turn and literally “on the go” captured Israeli aircraft and launched missiles. The first R-60 hit the front hemisphere of the Israeli fighter, and the second landed in the left wing area of ​​the led fighter of the Israeli Air Force. The unusual aerial victory of the Mi-24V over the Phantoms was the first air clash in aviation history when a combat attack helicopter was able to defeat two supersonic fighters at once.
      In the story of the aerial victory of the Mi-24V over the Israeli Air Force, by the way, much is still not clear. In particular, many military historians and aviation experts claim that the F-4 Phantom didn’t enter the Crocodile’s interception, but the latest F-15 fighters. However, the fact of the Israeli Air Force’s defeat from the Mi-24V remains a fact.
      The second case was not at all repeated by any country in the modern history of military aviation. The Mi-24D of the Iraqi Air Force during the Iran-Iraq conflict in 1984 was able to hit the same F-4 “Phantom” aircraft, albeit already the Iranian Air Force. An Iranian pilot riding a fighter with missiles to destroy the Shrike radar could not pose a threat to the Mi-24, however, in addition to missile weapons to combat radar, the F-4 also had air-to-air missiles, which, by a strange coincidence circumstances could not take advantage. The skill of the pilot, piloting the Mi-24D at extremely low altitude, affected.
      Noticing the F-4 that "came" over itself, the Iraqi pilot did not make a dodging maneuver, but "lifted his nose" and, pushing the trigger, fired a "cloud" of S-5 unguided missiles towards the enemy aircraft. One of these missiles, having landed in the fuselage, turned the Iranian F-4 into a pile of debris, and the helicopter pilot safely returned to base. Victories over aircraft during the Middle East Wars are not the only Mi-24 records. In 1992, during a military operation in Abkhazia, already the Russian Mi-24VP managed to shoot down the Georgian Su-25 aircraft with a Sturm anti-tank missile, which, despite a serious reservation level, could not withstand the hit of an anti-tank missile.
      The unique air victories won by pilots of different countries on the Mi-24 helicopter remained isolated cases of the crews thinking outside the box and examples of the aircraft’s excellent flight and fire capabilities, which they could not repeat in any other country.
      http://agitpro.su/kak-mi-24-unichtozhil-izrailskij-istrebitel/
      1. Mimoprohodil 11 February 2020 22: 47 New
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        The fighters included in the air-to-air missile zone gave themselves out as radar emitters

    2. Lamata 11 February 2020 18: 38 New
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      Is it a cannon? There seems to be an oncoming course and some sort of rocket.
  3. RUSLAN 11 February 2020 19: 13 New
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    How surely offensive pilots to be shot down by a helicopter ...
    1. Lamata 11 February 2020 20: 09 New
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      Probably!! Have you watched the movie Air America? There is a moment at the beginning, when the Amerovsky transporter flies over the field, and the peasant, just like that, from the bulldozer. fired at him once from a rifle, and got into dvigun !!! That was AWESOME))))
  4. V.I.P. 11 February 2020 21: 12 New
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    Hmm ... incomprehensible. The aircraft has a radar and missiles, allowing you to attack targets at ranges of hundreds of kilometers. Why would he fly to a helicopter for 20 km, if possible at least from 60 km. shoot ..... The Mi-28 helicopter radar (which it will only be on) works only for 20 km. It can work normally on the ground, but on air targets ...
    1. kapitan92 11 February 2020 23: 13 New
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      [quote = V.IP.] Why should he fly to a helicopter for 20 km, if possible at least from 60 km. shoot ..... The Mi-28 helicopter radar (which it will only be on) works only for 20 km. It can work normally on the ground, but on air targets ... [/ quote]
      hi After reading the article, there were questions!
      [Quote]R-74M missile, according to known data, capable of attacking targets from a distance of 40 km. It is intended for firing at aircraft, helicopters, UAVs and high-precision weapons of a number of classes.[/ Quote]
      [quote]. Mi-28NM is the first in its family receives over-the-body radar H025, Designed to conduct all-round visibility and detection of ground or air targets. Detection range - up to 20 km;[/ Quote]

      And "on the fig ass harmony"? The use of "Needles," I understand. " When using Sagittarius, the Mi-28 helicopter gets the opportunity to attack air targets at distances up to 5-6 km (depending on the type of SAM). Here from TTX P 74M;
      [quote]. The new RVV-MD missile can be used to attack targets in the front and rear hemisphere of the carrier. In this case, the maximum flight range depends on a number of parameters, primarily the relative position of the target and the rocket. So, the effective launch of a missile on a target in oncoming courses is provided at ranges of about 300 m. When firing after a rocket is capable of hitting a target at ranges of up to 40 km. Shooting in the rear hemisphere of the carrier also leads to a reduction in the maximum flight range: due to the need to turn towards the target, the missile range decreases to 12 km. [/ Quote]
      https://topwar.ru/82713-raketa-vozduh-vozduh-maloy-dalnosti-rvv-md.html
      "Either I do @ ak, or the skis don't go!" c / f Perhaps the homing head is capable of capturing the target after launch, but the detection range and performance characteristics of the rocket are a bit incompatible!
    2. Ka-52 12 February 2020 08: 57 New
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      Hmm ... incomprehensible. The aircraft has a radar and missiles, allowing you to attack targets at ranges of hundreds of kilometers. Why would he fly to a helicopter for 20 km, if possible at least from 60 km. shoot ..... The Mi-28 helicopter radar (which it will only be on) works only for 20 km. It can work normally on the ground, but on air targets ...

      well, man, a helicopter is an uncomfortable target for a high-speed fighter. Flying low, against the background of the underlying surface, it can easily go beyond the shadow of the terrain. Here and with the detection of problems and guidance. While the UCS was draconic - already slipped through.
    3. Grigory_45 12 February 2020 12: 20 New
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      Quote: V.I.P.
      It can work normally on the ground, but on air targets ...

      and you do not mind the presence on the Su-25 suspension with two P-60 ??? There is not even a radar on the plane, launch only on a visually detected target. But for self-defense, this is better than nothing at all.
  5. Nikolay R-PM 11 February 2020 21: 29 New
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    In my opinion, the I-V armament on a domestic helicopter can be used in the following cases: counteracting helicopters from the standby position in the air on helicopter-hazardous directions (defensive actions) or when escorting a strike group of helicopters with a pair / link of “fighter helicopters” (during attack ) if you hang a sagittarius as a means of self-defense of a helicopter, which you have determined to work on the ground, then it will only take one of the already few suspension nodes. rather, if enemy helicopters or fighter jets are expected to appear in the area, the attack group will be accompanied by a pair of “in-in” helicopters or front-line fighters will be on duty in the area
  6. Saxahorse 11 February 2020 22: 38 New
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    Only today, the Turks said they shot down the Syrian Mi-17 with the AIM-120 AMRAAM missile launched from the F-16. And it will be a lot of good for helicopters from the Igla and even from the R-74M if the range of their radar, the over-the-air radar N025, is only 20 km? AIM-120 flies for 120-180 km .. And the head is multispectral, thermal traps will not help very much ..

    If you hang serious missiles, then you need to reinforce with something far-sighted in the guidance system. And here we also promise to fasten this H025 radar. Sometime apparently :(
    1. max702 11 February 2020 23: 11 New
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      On the Ka-52, even AFP "Zhuk-AME" can be put .. But the price ..
    2. kit88 12 February 2020 00: 47 New
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      And what's wrong with the fact that a ready-made helicopter with an existing radar will be able to attack targets at a distance of not 5 km, but 20.
      And there is no need to compete with fighters with their launch range of a hundred kilometers, each has its own niche.
    3. Ka-52 12 February 2020 10: 36 New
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      AIM-120 flies for 120-180 km .. And the head is multispectral, thermal traps will not help much ..

      And he will not need to be afraid at such a distance. Your AIM120 will overcome 120km not much more than 4-5min. During this time, the helicopter will have time to go beyond the folds of the rail. Yes, even to detect and provide guidance to all the vaunted AN / APG-81 will be very difficult if the helicopter will fly at an altitude of 300m.
      1. Grigory_45 12 February 2020 12: 03 New
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        Quote: Ka-52
        AIM120 will overcome 120km not much more than 4-5min. During this time, the helicopter will have time to go beyond the folds of the rail.

        will it be in time? In the most ideal case, the helicopter crew will see the rocket for 20 kilometers ... In reality - most likely visually, and then, if the angle is suitable. When it will be too late to do something

        I agree that a helicopter for a fighter is a rather difficult goal. But if the head of the rocket "hooked" him, the chances of getting away from it are meager
      2. V.I.P. 12 February 2020 14: 27 New
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        If it flies 300 meters, then MANPADS, large-caliber machine guns, and the entire gunner will work on it simultaneously. Yes, and anti-aircraft guns such as Vulcan, Oerlikon, ZU-23 who, that is, also work)). Well, now the ATGMs of different countries, according to the developers, can work on low-flying helicopters)) ..
    4. Grigory_45 12 February 2020 12: 16 New
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      Quote: Saxahorse
      And a lot of good will be to helicopters from Igla and even from R-74M

      since the helicopter is not intended to fight enemy fighters. The missile explosives on it are more likely defensive weapons, to combat their own kind, as well as UAVs and, in some cases, with enemy attack aircraft. All the same, the missile is much better than the gun on board - both the firing distance and the probability of destruction are higher. MANPADS or short-range explosives for the turntable are optimal. And the desire to suspend R-73/74 under it causes some bewilderment.

      From missiles like AMRAAM or Sidewinders of the latest models with a multispectral head, there is only one defense - timely detection and maneuverability of the machine.
      1. Saxahorse 13 February 2020 00: 09 New
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        Quote: Gregory_45
        Explosive missiles on it are more likely defensive weapons, to combat their own kind, as well as UAVs

        Here's a sound thought about UAVs. Today, a bunch of drone UAVs carry ATGMs, and they often work in helicopters.

        But here, by the way, it would be necessary to think over the suspension of the same Eagles, it does not matter if they replace the main air-surface weapon. A helicopter suspension nodes are not so many.
      2. riwas 13 February 2020 05: 32 New
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        Not only. There is an on-board defense complex of President-S aircraft.
        1. Grigory_45 13 February 2020 08: 30 New
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          Quote: riwas
          There is an airborne defense complex

          Will Vitebsk be able to cope with the Willow type MANPADS, the latest Stinger and Sidewinder models (all with a multispectral head)? BKO tested on the "Needles".
  7. Nikolaevich I 12 February 2020 01: 53 New
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    In the first lines of the dispatch ...: about the stories of helicopter shot down by fighter jets, there are “opponents” (!) Who claim that “this wasn’t so bad ...”! In any case, if not about everyone, then about "some" ... Secondly, I want to say that the "new" is a well-forgotten "old"! There is a rumor in the internet that somewhere in the 80-90s, the Blue Dragon air defense helicopter was developed with the R-90 air-to-air missile based on the Mi-24 ... the task is to deal with enemy helicopters and aircraft at a distance 55 km .... soldier
    1. Mimoprohodil 12 February 2020 11: 26 New
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      Quote: Nikolaevich I
      There is a rumor on the internet
      Not rumor, but a schizo ravings of one Shityakov (aka AceAndrew)
      1. Nikolaevich I 12 February 2020 11: 42 New
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        This info also arrived ... repeat but still it turns out that "the idea is not new!" wink
  8. Pavel57 12 February 2020 10: 09 New
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    It is possible to make a missile, but how will it fall on the use of a helicopter, or will it be necessary to specifically make a helicopter cover from air threats?