KrAZ-214. Ukrainian soldier originally from Yaroslavl

KrAZ-214. Ukrainian soldier originally from Yaroslavl
KrAZ-214 Photo: www.autowp.ru


Bear on the hood


The production line of heavy three-axle trucks was brought to Kremenchug from the Yaroslavl Automobile Plant, история which leaves in the pre-revolutionary 1916 year. Then the industrialist Vladimir Aleksandrovich Lebedev opened one of the first automobile plants in Russia, aimed at satisfying defense orders. They planned to produce one and a half trucks of the English brand “Crossley”, but the civil war mixed all the cards, after which the plant turned into a leading manufacturer of heavy trucks for the army and the national economy of the Soviet Union.

The most interesting for the "Kremenchug" theme is 1944, when the company received the name of the Yaroslavl Automobile Plant and began to develop a new family of trucks. It is important that for the first time a diesel engine was chosen as the power unit for production trucks, for the production of which machines and equipment were purchased in the USA. As a prototype, they took the basis of the overseas two-stroke diesel engine General Motors GMC 4-71 - it was a four-cylinder unit with water cooling and a working volume of 4654 cubic meters. see. Power he developed in 112 hp and in 1947 for the first time stood under the hood of a 7-ton YAZ-200 (a copy of the state GMC-803). This car subsequently “left” to Minsk, where it became the founder of a whole generation of MAZ trucks.


YaAZ-214 Photo: www.autowp.ru

It must be said that American diesel engines mastered in 1946 were quite progressive engines for their time. They were compact, had good performance in terms of power density and efficiency, but they were demanding on the level of skill of both production workers and maintenance personnel. In addition, two-stroke diesel engines rustled mercilessly and weighed 800 kilograms. Over time, in Yaroslavl, they mastered the six-cylinder version of the American GMC 6-71 diesel engine, which received the name YAZ-206A and was already developing 165 liters. from. It was he who became the heart of the heavy triaxial Yaroslavl YAZ-210, the design of which for many years became the standard for future trucks from Kremenchug. In particular, the engineers equipped the truck with a heavy and durable frame, the spars of which were made of hot-rolled profiles (channels) using low-alloy chromium-containing steels. The frame was made durable, but the driver’s working conditions seemed to be the last thing they thought: the steering of these triaxial heroes did not have an amplifier. To understand what significance the Yaroslavl 12-ton trucks had for the Soviet and partially world industry, we can give an example of a Vietnamese banknote of 5 dongs, which shows the YaAZ-210E dump truck at work.












Ballast tractor YaAZ-210G. It was he who largely became the predecessor of the YAZ-214 (KrAZ-21) Photo: www.gruzovikpress.ru

Also in this line of particular interest is the ancestor of modern tankers - the YAZ-210G ballast tractor. This option received a shortened base and a metal platform copied from the American Diamond T-980 for 8 tons of ballast. The tractor dragged a trailer with a total weight of up to 30 tons and until a certain moment satisfied the military. However, the lack of all-wheel drive and the small angles of mutual skew of the rear axles required good quality roads for the movement of a military truck. Given the many requirements of the Ministry of Defense at the turn of the 50s, Yaroslavl began to develop a new truck with a 6x6 wheel arrangement.












YaAZ-214 (KrAZ-214) Photo: www.cris9.armforc.ru

They took the front drive axle from ZIL-164 as a basis, equipped it with a two-stage gearbox and hinges of equal angular speeds, and also made significant changes to the transfer case. The designers of YaAZ did not follow the path of colleagues from Moscow, who left a double busbar on the rear axles on the ZIS-151, but installed large-diameter single-wheel wheels. These were tires of the Trilex type, for their development they attracted the Yaroslavl tire factory located nearby. Trilex is a collapsible diskless rim, consisting of three sectors: one large and two small, connected by curly ends of the side flanges. The latter also acted as locking devices. When mounted with the tire, the dimensional wheel 15.00-20.00 has a rigid structure. There was no tire pressure control system on the machine, which somewhat reduced all-terrain qualities on soft soils. For a heavy and all-wheel drive truck, the old diesel engine with a capacity of 165 liters. from. was clearly weak, so a forced version of the YAZ-206B for 205 liters was developed. from. There was a more spacious cabin with heating, a power steering and even a device for blowing the windshield.


YaAZ-214 Photo: www.autowp.ru

The chief designer of the new army YaAZ was Viktor Osepchugov, who chose the design of the transmission, which is largely a compromise, for the truck that received the "214" index. Naturally, since the car was built on the basis of American concepts, it received separate universal joints on all bridges - then there was no talk of any passing bridges. A similar transmission, by the way, was ZIL-157, also built on overseas patterns.

As mentioned above, the car retained a modernized transfer case from the YaAZ-210G, an interaxle differential and a trolley of two rear axles, and the new addition to the razdatka was with a razdatka with a removable drive to the front axle. When irregularities moved between the first and second driving axles, “parasitic” loads appeared that could not be leveled by the differential - it simply did not exist. In this case, I repeat, between the rear axles the differential was present. Viktor Osepchugov had to make this compromise because of the difficulties in mastering new equipment: at the Yaroslavl plant they held on to the complex “transfer case - center differential” assembly.

The car went into production in 1957. Such a primitive KrAZ drive scheme has been maintained for another 30 years. And a year earlier, in the vicinity of Yaroslavl, the YAZ-214 passed the last tests, organized for reasons of secrecy at night. Also at night, brand new trucks were transferred by rail under awnings to the Moscow arms exhibition, where the triaxial giant really liked the King of Afghanistan, Mohammed Zahir Shah. Nikita Khrushchev immediately ordered to collect 10 cars in a pilot plant at the factory’s experimental workshop and send them to Kabul as a gift.










KrAZ-214 Photo: www.autowp.ru

Despite the fact that the diesel engine on the YAZ-214 had a very convincing power of 205 liters. With., a 7-ton truck was too heavy even for him. In running order on the scales, he showed 12,3 tons! The YAZ-214 was a huge, slow and slow-moving vehicle (maximum speed of not more than 55 km / h), which received the nickname "automobile tractor" in the army. The truck was able, depending on road conditions, to drag trailers from 15 to 50 tons. If we compare the dimensions of the truck with contemporaries, then only the quarry MAZ-525 was higher and wider than the Yaroslavl hero, but he also lost the all-terrain vehicle in length.

Nevertheless, the car turned out to be very popular both in the army and in the national economy, which caused a problem - the space and capacity of the YaAZ did not allow expanding the production of the entire line of trucks. In 1959, it was decided to transfer the entire production of heavy trucks from Yaroslavl to Kremenchug, where automotive equipment had never been assembled before. In total, before moving to Ukraine, YaAZ collected 1265 army all-wheel drive trucks, among which there were many special versions. One of these was the reinforced chassis of the YAZ-214Sh-7, assembled for the installation of promising missile weapons. The truck, already overloaded with various amplifiers, was additionally equipped with more durable units, a winch and power take-off shafts for driving equipment of special superstructures. Also, in Yaroslavl, by special order of the Ministry of Defense, they collected single copies of the 214th car with a fifth wheel coupling from MAZ-200V.

Kremenchug meets YaAZ


Until the end of the 50s, the city of Kremenchug in the Poltava region of the UkrSSR was never associated with cars and even more so with heavy trucks. Nevertheless, there were capacities and areas for industrial production in the city. In 1945, the People's Commissar of Railways of the USSR signed a decree on the construction of a bridge factory in Kremenchug. After the German invasion, the country urgently needed to build new bridges to replace the destroyed ones and organize ferry crossings. In 1948, the plant began to work and mastered advanced production methods for its period. For example, for the first time, it was in Kremenchug that submerged arc welding was introduced among bridge builders according to the legendary Paton method. By the way, the famous Paton welded bridge in Kiev was created not without the participation of craftsmen from Kremenchug - 600-ton railings were cast at the plant. The portfolio of bridge building production of the future KrAZ includes the Arbat bridge in Moscow, bridges across the Volga, Dnieper and Vistula, ferry crossings of the Kerch Strait and the White Sea-Baltic Canal. In total, the company assembled 607 bridges with a total length of 27 kilometers, which spent 104 thousand tons of metal. But by 1953, most of the bridges in the Soviet Union were restored, and the plant was sorely short of orders. After three years of stagnation, the enterprise came to the rescue ... Nikita Khrushchev, who announced corn as the main agricultural crop in the country. In 1956, the Kremenchug plant became a combine. The main production on the conveyor turned out to be a KU-2A corn combine, the production of which came to the plant from Rostselmash. Naturally, it was necessary to retrain the plant staff, to recruit new specialists (the staff was increased to 1958 thousand people by 4) and to expand production. For a short period of time, 14 thousand KU-2A units, about 5 thousand beet-harvesting machines, 874 road rollers, 4 thousand trolleys for breaking beets, 24 thousand tractor wheels and a few other items of small agricultural equipment were assembled at the combine production.


The first Soviet corn harvester KU-2. At one time it was the main products of the future KrAZ. Photo: media.vdnh.ru

On April 17, 1958, when the hysteria with corn began to subside, it was decided to create a huge enterprise on the basis of the Kremenchug plant to assemble huge Yaroslavl trucks intended primarily for the army. This was the largest transformation of the production cycle at the plant for all its existence. Firstly, it was necessary to allocate 20 thousand square meters for new workshops, and secondly, to place in them about 1500 pieces of equipment both from YaAZ and completely new. Since the plant in Yaroslavl was completely redesigned into motor production, many automotive engineers moved to the future KrAZ. They subsequently formed the backbone of the design headquarters of the Ukrainian plant. The head of the KrAZ test department, Leonid Vinogradov, wrote in this connection:

It was in 1958. I then worked at the Yaroslavl Automobile Plant, headed the group for fine-tuning cars. And suddenly news comes: it was decided to transfer the production of trucks to Ukraine - to Kremenchug, to a former combine plant. And in Yaroslavl, due to this, expand the production of engines ... What should I do? How to live without your favorite cars? He waved his hand at everything and left for Kremenchug. So I’ve been at this factory since the first days. And I'm not the only one. We arrived from Yaroslavl a whole group, began to develop in a new place. I started working in an experimental workshop. As a matter of fact, at first there was no workshop as such. It still needed to be created. They bought for him the most advanced equipment for those times, including abroad. And the workshop in terms of its technical equipment and ability turned out to be at a level.


To be continued ...
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  1. mat-vey 12 February 2020 18: 07 New
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    -9
    The cabs on KrAZ were burning .... Like gunpowder ..
    1. Petrol cutter 12 February 2020 20: 07 New
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      +3
      Why so? ..
      1. for
        for 12 February 2020 21: 33 New
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        Because a wooden frame. But more than once I have not heard that they burn.
        1. Petrol cutter 12 February 2020 21: 56 New
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          Yes, I know what they are from. It’s just that I haven’t met a single such incident in forty-five years of my life.
          What do you need to do in the cockpit to light up? If barbecue-mashlyk fry unless ...
          1. mat-vey 13 February 2020 04: 41 New
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            Well, since you did not meet then everything - what a conversation .. Only here are the KrAZ trucks which over the years have met ...
        2. mat-vey 13 February 2020 06: 07 New
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          Quote: for
          Because a wooden frame. But more than once I have not heard that they burn.

          But I didn’t hear. I saw ... And after the incident it was announced that not the first car had blazed ...
  2. seti 12 February 2020 18: 18 New
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    Only Ukrainians do not talk about this name. Otherwise they say that this is all nonsense.
    1. Petrol cutter 12 February 2020 20: 08 New
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      Goat understand.
      1. Well goat - yes, perhaps. laughing
        And since among people in Ukraine there is universal literacy and a public Internet, our people first read here:
        http://www.autokraz.com.ua/index.php/ru/about/our-history/item/103-1958
    2. For Ukrainians - there is an official KrAZ website. In which Russian in white in three languages ​​is narrated that the history of auto production at the Kremenchug automobile plant began with a joint decree of the Central Committee of the CPSU and the USSR Council of Ministers of 17.04.1958 on the transfer to the local combine production of cars from Yaroslavl. And a photo of the memorial plaque on this occasion was posted on the building of the KrAZ plant management.
  3. Dmitry Potapov 12 February 2020 18: 20 New
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    Zelensky and Poroshenko do not say! Will be upset!
  4. svp67 12 February 2020 18: 31 New
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    +33
    Ukrainian soldier originally from Yaroslavl
    Ukrainian?????? Soviet soldier car ...
    1. sabakina 12 February 2020 18: 45 New
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      Sergei, Soviet is Soviet, but I got into a fool. KRAZ is my fellow countryman, (Kostroma got its region, used to be part of the Yaroslavl region). It's a shame that the car had such prospects ... True, AZLK and ZiL are also gone ... crying
      1. svp67 12 February 2020 18: 53 New
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        Quote: sabakina
        also no longer ...

        You say it yourself, this is our common grief and tragedy ...
        And now Urals and KamAZs are replacing KrAZ trucks, and somehow I already think that it is for the better.
        Yes, and the Ukrainians, now more MAZs come to the same APU than KrAZ trucks
        1. sabakina 12 February 2020 18: 56 New
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          Sergey, KRAZ car is slow, but high-torque and hardy. Again, the choice is between speed and tonnage ...
          1. svp67 12 February 2020 19: 01 New
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            Quote: sabakina
            KRAZ car is slow, but high-torque and hardy.

            So it was not on the highway that he had to carry his load, but in the conditions of the deepest impassability.
            By the way, they do not remember much and write about it, but initially they planned to transfer the production of cars from Yaroslavl to Dnepropetrovsk, they even rebuilt the automobile plant at an accelerated pace, and for the truck they came up with the personal name Dnipro, but then they redesigned the plant and now we know it as Yuzhny Machine-building Plant, which produced wheeled tractors, and as a "load" winked rockets ... both space and strategic repeat
            1. IL-18 12 February 2020 20: 13 New
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              Quote: svp67
              move to Dnepropetrovsk, there they even rebuilt the automobile plant at an accelerated pace, and for the truck they came up with the personal name "Dnipro",

              This was done under the clone of ZIL with its own cabin, such as "Colchis" from Kutaisi, but a bonnet.
              1. svp67 12 February 2020 20: 24 New
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                Quote: IL-18
                This was done under the clone of ZIL with its own cabin, such as "Colchis" from Kutaisi, but a bonnet.

                You know, it's hard to say something now in response. I just saw a video of the old newsreel, where the tests of these Dnipro are shown, but they don’t look like ZIL, Colchis, even the bonnet, but the first KrAZs are so very ...
                Although I will not argue. The quality of the film was not very long ago it was
                1. IL-18 12 February 2020 22: 19 New
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                  There is a documentary series on the history of the Soviet automobile industry; the Zvezda shopping center removed what I do not remember called. There, it seems, I saw a quite worthy image of the Dnieper. By the way, the cabin was already closer to the ZIL-130! The Ukrainian mafia in the Kremlin and NK-4 ruined for the sake of AI-20, although the difference in mass returns over a ton exceeded only due to batteries and power elements. And instead of a car plant in Dnepropetrovsk, it placed a missile plant, and abandoned the best personnel from automobile plants in Lviv. But a pretty decent series of 10000 DAZ-150 "Ukrainian" was released in Dnepropetrovsk. And in Miass at that time ZiS-5v.
                2. not main 13 February 2020 00: 02 New
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                  Quote: svp67
                  Quote: IL-18
                  This was done under the clone of ZIL with its own cabin, such as "Colchis" from Kutaisi, but a bonnet.

                  You know, it's hard to say something now in response. I just saw a video of the old newsreel, where the tests of these Dnipro are shown, but they don’t look like ZIL, Colchis, even the bonnet, but the first KrAZs are so very ...
                  Although I will not argue. The quality of the film was not very long ago it was

                  I confirm the opinion of Andrei (IL-18)! Dnipro was a copy of the ZIL-130! Here are just an external kit without “stamps” and presses, sooo well, it’s not possible to repeat sooo! And from here the angular cabin and "similarity" with KrAZ! And KRAZ for all the time of its existence could not advance from the prototype YaMZ!
                  1. Potter 13 February 2020 08: 18 New
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                    Dnepropetrovsk plant has nothing to do with ZIL-130. ZIL-130 was made 10 years later than the DAZ ceased to be a car factory. A copy of the ZIS-150 (DAZ-150) was put into production at DAZ; Grachev was appointed the chief designer of the plant. In addition to civilian models (on-board vehicle, DAZ-585 dump truck, forklift trucks, truck cranes), the plant developed and prepared the production of a floating BAV car (DAZ-485). In 1951, the plant was redesigned. Grachev returned to the VMS.
                    1. not main 13 February 2020 19: 41 New
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                      Quote: Potter
                      Dnepropetrovsk plant has nothing to do with ZIL-130. ZIL-130 was made 10 years later than the DAZ ceased to be a car factory. A copy of the ZIS-150 (DAZ-150) was put into production at DAZ; Grachev was appointed the chief designer of the plant. In addition to civilian models (on-board vehicle, DAZ-585 dump truck, forklift trucks, truck cranes), the plant developed and prepared the production of a floating BAV car (DAZ-485). In 1951, the plant was redesigned. Grachev returned to the VMS.

                      Absolutely right! Sorry for the annoying typo!
      2. for
        for 12 February 2020 21: 35 New
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        Quote: sabakina
        True AZLK and ZIL also no longer

        You have to start from there.
        1. svp67 13 February 2020 07: 11 New
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          Quote: for
          You have to start from there.

          And what is it now very noticeable on our roads?
      3. Grits 13 February 2020 08: 42 New
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        Quote: sabakina
        True AZLK and ZIL also no longer ...

        Many car factories of the former USSR perished in the abyss of perestroika, the collapse of the country and hard times. So offhand ...
        ZAZ, LuAZ, KAZ, RAF, KMZ, Izh. And also factories for the production of mopeds and motorcycles in Izhevsk, Kovrov, Riga, Tula, Lviv ...
        1. EvilLion 20 February 2020 08: 40 New
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          Excuse me, but was it that it was impossible to meet the Georgian product in the 90s when the Colchis was hated by everyone in the Soviet era, is Putin also to blame? Maybe Putin is to blame for the remaining ZAZ and RAF in the republics? Instead of the latter, we now have our own GAZelle and Sable, and everyone is happy. Or maybe Putin is to blame for the fact that motorcycles in our climate are only suitable from April-May to September-October, and practically no one buys them, even imported ones? True, I have here at the plant there are relatively new Izh cargo motor scooters, maybe they are still doing something, but there is no market for motor vehicles in Russia, in the USSR it existed only due to the lack of cars and villages. Yes, it can be for the better, a motorcycle without a stroller is a suicide tool. Who needs LuAZ right now I don’t even ask ...
      4. The comment was deleted.
      5. Suhow 19 February 2020 23: 55 New
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        At this time, KrAZ’s prospects remained, in addition to the military, he himself saw an advertisement about the benefits to agricultural producers, when using this car, the grain truck in particular. For some time he worked at such 256 b, power and unpretentiousness impressed, comfort is certainly not enough, but this is a mining dump truck. Well, if it wasn’t collected by direct hands, there were problems, I often lost my hairpin on a piglet (middle bridge). The oil somehow didn’t get very well, two Tartars rattled while the oil was checked for quality, but the cannibal didn’t.
  5. Blacksmith 55 12 February 2020 18: 35 New
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    In my opinion, the author made a mistake, ZIL 164 was without a front drive axle.
    1. Evgeny Fedorov 12 February 2020 18: 38 New
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      Yes, you are right, the rear drive axle was taken from ZIL-164, and in Yaroslavl it was equipped with CV joints and a gearbox.
  6. Lamata 12 February 2020 18: 57 New
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    very brutal car.
  7. Mordvin 3 12 February 2020 19: 06 New
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    How many KrAZs have seen, but never a bear on the hood. recourse
    1. Lamata 12 February 2020 19: 35 New
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      So the bear was running away. from the sound of the engine.
      1. Mordvin 3 12 February 2020 19: 40 New
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        Quote: Lamata
        So the bear was running away. from the sound of the engine.

        He ran away for souvenirs, rather ... laughing
        1. Lamata 12 February 2020 19: 42 New
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          I just did not dare to offer this version))) laughing to cast a shadow on the people
          1. Mordvin 3 12 February 2020 19: 45 New
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            Quote: Lamata
            I just did not hesitate to offer this version

            I myself like a deer rested from the hood of the Volga. Please note, beaten in the board. But the deer survived. winked
            1. Lamata 12 February 2020 20: 07 New
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              I repent, I somehow broke the badge from the radiator, from the radiator, in 1982, and in 1993 I stole the Merin star from the gelding of the traffic police foreman who lived in our yard, but the second case is LOCATION.
            2. Grits 13 February 2020 08: 46 New
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              Quote: mordvin xnumx
              I myself like a deer rested from the hood of the Volga. Please note, beaten in the board. But the deer survived.

              Rumor has it that this branded deer was removed from the hood, because in a traffic accident so many of these deer gored to the roof.
            3. tima_ga 14 February 2020 18: 44 New
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              At the time of the accident, he closed his eyes and grouped :)
    2. svp67 13 February 2020 07: 22 New
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      Quote: mordvin xnumx
      How many KrAZs have seen, but never a bear on the hood.

      The bear is the emblem of the city of Yaroslavl,

      so he was at KrAZ, but until the components from Yaroslavl ended,


      and then went the "flag"

      1. Suhow 20 February 2020 00: 00 New
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        Flags and on the hood, even if you do not close the latches it opened on the go and smoothed, although in my opinion the lid was not light, and KrAZ was considered a slow-moving vehicle.
  8. Sergey Averchenkov 12 February 2020 19: 22 New
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    After the third repair of the engine with the crankshaft groove, it was enough to pull sharply and crunch ... And that's it ... Come on, good hard worker, they worked a little to the south - our diesel engine just froze - diesel fuel.
    1. Blacksmith 55 12 February 2020 20: 02 New
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      So you do not know how to make winter diesel from summer diesel fuel?
      Add a liter of gasoline to a full tank of diesel fuel, mix well and .... go ahead.
      Also, in the box and the rear axle in the autumn add a hundred grams of gasoline, in severe frost the negrol (nigrol?) Is not so thick, and by spring the gasoline will evaporate.
      I am grateful to one old driver, I learned a lot from him.
      1. Lamata 12 February 2020 20: 09 New
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        And what was the minimum temperature for such a mix?
        1. Blacksmith 55 12 February 2020 20: 28 New
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          I lived then in the Orenburg region, frosts below forty were rare. Well, depending on which tank the car has.
          I was talking with one German, he was constantly making flights to Moscow, and on a summer diesel fuel he was not far from Moscow, the frost was under 30, and the diesel had died out. He told me that two cars stopped to help. They took out a blowtorch (he called it Flammenwerfer), heated the tank, the pipeline, and filled in gasoline. While they worked, they gave him boots, fur mittens and a short fur coat to warm themselves. Started his engine. He was very grateful, said that the Russian drivers are the best in the world.
      2. Sergey Averchenkov 12 February 2020 20: 17 New
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        At minus 55, this does not help. :) We have the 131st not jammed all winter. :) Sorry, you just did not understand me, but I did not explain - the average annual minus 40.
        1. Lamata 12 February 2020 20: 30 New
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          The average annual is 40 !!!! You are not mistaken? not Antarctica.
          1. Sergey Averchenkov 12 February 2020 20: 37 New
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            No, I was not mistaken. I lived there for 25 years. You can search for yourself - Krasnoyarsk Territory, North Yenisei District, pos. Thea Not all of Russia is in greenhouse conditions. :)
            1. Lamata 12 February 2020 22: 20 New
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              Sorry, WELL CAN NOT BE THERE ANNUAL ANNUAL - 40
              1. Sergey Averchenkov 13 February 2020 04: 01 New
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                http://www.admse.ru/city/poselki-rayona/teya.php
                1. Lamata 13 February 2020 07: 48 New
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                  The climate is sharply continental with long cold winters and short relatively warm summers, the average January temperature is –31o, July 16o, 20o, and the average annual temperature - 40o. Cheto confused comrades !!!!
                  1. Sergey Averchenkov 13 February 2020 11: 25 New
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                    In the sense? What do you not understand?
      3. Free wind 12 February 2020 20: 21 New
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        Nigrol interfered with diesel fuel, kerosene, as well as hydraulic oils bodyazheny. in frost below 20 this is salvation. Of course, gasoline was added to diesel fuel, approximately 1 to 20, where to go, fuel was also allowed to pass by a coarse filter, a sump, and the same helped very little. And gasoline splashed into the engine, then it’s easier to twist at start-up and the crankshaft doesn’t get it that way. After 5 minutes it will evaporate.
        1. Sergey Averchenkov 12 February 2020 20: 43 New
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          That's right, if the engine is not worn out and the rings work as it should, otherwise it breaks the head like "don't mourn."
      4. Grits 13 February 2020 08: 47 New
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        Quote: smith 55
        nigrol (nigrol?)

        Write then - Afro-American.
        1. Mordvin 3 13 February 2020 10: 24 New
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          Quote: Gritsa
          Write then - Afro-American.

          And he wrote correctly. Nigrol is. Boxes were also poured into bridges.
        2. Suhow 20 February 2020 00: 12 New
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          Tad17 in my formation was already, nigrol for the cold tight hefty))
      5. Suhow 20 February 2020 00: 03 New
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        I added BSK to the brakes, kept minus 31, of course it was Ukraine and not the north of the Russian Federation, but nevertheless, I saw frostbite on the highway.
    2. Tima62 13 February 2020 15: 00 New
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      Quote: Sergey Averchenkov
      After the third repair of the engine with the crankshaft groove, it was enough to pull sharply and crunch.

      What engine are you talking about? About the one in the article, the six-cylinder two-stroke YaAZ 206? It is unlikely that you worked on it. Or about the eight-cylinder four-stroke engine YaMZ 238, installed on another KrAZ 255 car?
      1. Sergey Averchenkov 13 February 2020 20: 36 New
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        Of course I didn’t work on it - I just transmit the stories of my older comrades. Ural, 131st, 66th on them - yes.
    3. tima_ga 14 February 2020 18: 49 New
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      I remembered the joke:

      Several Mercedes brand dump trucks were driven to the far north and given an instructor, so that Russian drivers did not break the miracle of German technology. The instructor sat down with the driver and taught the wisdom of management.
      And so, moving along the winter road, the dump truck catches up with our military truck. Suddenly, the truck in front stops. A soldier with a bucket jumps out of the cabin, draws water from the ditch and pours it into the tank.
      A German, who speaks good Russian, with a fierce face, asks his ward what happened? Our Siberian guy replies:
      - The fuel is over, apparently.
      - What do you have - in the ditch fuel?
      - No, water.
      A pause of about ten minutes.
      - Do you have motors that work on water?
      - No, he's on the solarium!
      Silently they reach the base, the German goes dumbfounded to the convoy and talks about what he saw.
      They explain to him that the diesel fuel has ended, the fuel intake is above the bottom, the water is heavier, the water has been poured - they raised the diesel fuel and the car had enough to get to the gas station.
      The German for a long time digested what he heard and issued:
      - And why is your fuel intake not made to the bottom?
      The answer that sounded sent the German to a psychiatrist:
      - What for, if there is water in the tank !?
  9. Free wind 12 February 2020 20: 03 New
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    Appearance AWESOME !!!!! But there were problems above the roof, unfortunately and at his last too. Well, okay, he has done his job atrociously. By design, KrAZ-YaAZ has something in common with American tractors, with MAKs, Diamonds delivered to us via Lend-Lease. Interesting of course cars. Huge steering wheel, Pshikov pneumatic power steering to psychosis brought, zilch there and the steering does not turn. The wheels really were easy to remove for replacement, plus undoubtedly. The rubber on the car is incomprehensible, in those years the marking was different until almost 2000, for example, in the Urals there was 370-508 rubber, now it is marked 14.00-20. The tire markings for this truck are incorrect, 15.00-20 must be written, not 15.00-20.00 . But I didn’t come across a dimension at 15.00, after 14.00:16.00 p.m. it’s 12:24 p.m. now they put such a thing on rogue trucks. Dvizel two-stroke, without tears it is impossible to remember. Started in the cold is terribly bad, the smoke is falling from all the cracks, and not catching, incredibly noisy, probably to mislead the spies, let them think that the planes take off. Cool but in the cockpit the clock was right in the center of the panel, such beautiful. The electrical equipment was XNUMX volts, and the starter was XNUMX ........ What kind of mmm.mm.m ..... he invented this, the switches broke constantly. By the way, the cabins didn’t burn if you didn’t set it on fire, some nonsense.
    1. Free wind 12 February 2020 20: 11 New
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      I forgot to write about the engine spacing, I went to the spacing only on the road. untwisted to crazy turns. and began to eat oil from the lubrication system, it happened and the air shutoff did not help, the air was drawn in through the breathers, oil seals. As an extreme measure and the most dangerous, the drivers rested the car in reliable support and stuck the fifth. here the engine was choking, but it was scary.
      1. Petrol cutter 12 February 2020 20: 19 New
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        So are these occasional cases or is it all without exception? I mean leaving in the engine spacing.
        1. Free wind 12 February 2020 21: 14 New
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          Cases are not universal of course. but very memorable.
          1. Suhow 20 February 2020 00: 15 New
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            Heard, they say and they took off the piston, like the MAZ 200.
          2. Suhow 20 February 2020 00: 15 New
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            Heard, they say and they took off the piston, like the MAZ 200.
        2. Tima62 13 February 2020 15: 11 New
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          Quote: Benzorez
          So are these occasional cases or is it all without exception? I mean leaving in the engine spacing.

          In case of excessive engine wear + related factors, for example:
          Gasoline in oil, ether in the manifold, overheating, overload.
      2. Uncle lee 13 February 2020 04: 51 New
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        Quote: Free Wind
        engine spacing

        I have Nissan Pressage twice went into the distance. A sight still! Changed the engine ...
  10. Petrol cutter 12 February 2020 20: 13 New
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    Thanks to the author. Interesting. Go on.
  11. Cossack 471 12 February 2020 20: 39 New
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    In the S-200 air defense system, KRAZs were missile tractors. If the power steering did not work, then it was unrealistic to charge a rocket according to the standard. 18-year-old boys turned the steering wheel three together.
    1. O. Bender 12 February 2020 21: 42 New
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      On two hundredths, yes, there were 255, 260 more and more comfortable and the carrier seat on shock absorbers and the cabin in metal.
    2. Romeo 12 February 2020 22: 27 New
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      I drove such a tractor to the S-200. But with us, they never loaded the launcher. Only TZM on rails. But still difficult. Between the embankment from the shock wave at the starting position, it was not easy to deliver the rocket to the TZM. The turning radius was huge. By the way, about the cross-country ability, since I got on the very bridges (without a semi-trailer), they sent the 131st to pull and he also sat down. They sent Ural 4320, that beast pulled them one by one. It was powerful.
  12. mithridate 12 February 2020 20: 50 New
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    powerful beast
  13. bars1 12 February 2020 22: 11 New
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    ,, Evil Muscovites "built in their ,, colony" - Ukraine, a car factory ... Vile colonizers!
    1. Suhow 20 February 2020 00: 20 New
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      Yeah, spread rot Kommunar (ZAZ) shipyards, Motorsich, KhTZ. From curse ...
  14. Pacifist with AK 12 February 2020 22: 27 New
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    Personal impressions: in the year 84, in the summer, I was late for the bus, but I really wanted to go home! Well, what should the student do - he ran to the track, fortunately - next. An hour later the old smoking "Kra3" with a wooden cabin slowed down, Summer, sun, 140 kilometers to his hometown ..... A hell of a trip! Wild heat, no sound insulation, the cabin stink of fuel and exhaust, wet as a mouse, a driver, turtle speed! Got out of the car, like a plague, already pumped .... More in the "Kraz" did not sit down)))))))
    1. Ros 56 13 February 2020 06: 44 New
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      He did the right thing, 140 km on foot is more convenient to overcome. laughing
  15. Kushka 12 February 2020 23: 33 New
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    Near Kemenchug Svetlovodsk (formerly Khrushchev), there, at the gates of the car factory, stands on a pedestal
    MAZ -200 - the hero of the construction of the Kremenchug hydroelectric station (this is a unique hydroelectric station on the Dnieper, in the spirit of the cold
    wars — all assembled in a dam-type body resistant to the atomic bomb blast wave — on the surface
    there are no critical structures). So about these MAZ-200s (with a bear!), Such a legend went - with wear
    rings grabbed oil from the crankcase and went into the spillage. The chauffeur was spoken of as ordinary - to the nearest
    concrete bumper post and rescue.
    1. Free wind 13 February 2020 00: 02 New
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      There have never been bears in MAZuririks. Emblem of MAZ BISON.
  16. Angelo Provolone 13 February 2020 00: 11 New
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    Overseas two-stroke diesel engine was taken as a prototype.

    And for one, the Diamond T 980.

    The author is so neatly avoiding the prototype theme. It's ridiculous even.
    1. Free wind 13 February 2020 05: 05 New
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      The Americans transferred the license to diesel, they also supplied equipment for their production in 1944, and deliveries were made under Lend-Lease.
    2. Potter 13 February 2020 08: 40 New
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      Structurally, the prototype YAZ-210 - MAK NR-14. At Diamond, the body of the ballast tractor was copied. The author writes about this. Diamond 980 - a narrow-purpose machine, a ballast tractor and only at a speed of 36 km / h. YaAZ-210 - a universal machine, the main modifications are an onboard car, a dump truck, a truck tractor. Speed ​​55 km / h.
  17. Vasily 13 February 2020 06: 32 New
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    Blind, headlights shaking on the road, mirrors from the factory are pretty round, like in a girl’s cosmetic bag, shaking seats, I drove 200 km - there’s a hole on my shirt, it’s easier to drive it — at least it’s holding the steering wheel, and the passenger rides through the cabin like a grasshopper. Oh youth!
    Engines flew only on the road, this is already in the 90s, maybe because of the quality of the overhaul, but they went no more than 5, or even 3 thousand. And I got it somehow from storage with zero mileage - I did not know grief.
    It only got into the cold with ether, but it probably always did, and everything could be repaired, always in any field, the main thing is that the keys 19 to 21 were, well, to 14 for "delicate work."
    About the distribution of the engine - though not often, but it happened, about the burning cabin - I have never heard. The cabin, by the way, was warm, if you plug all the holes, you even had to sleep, that's normal!
  18. Ros 56 13 February 2020 06: 43 New
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    I didn’t see the main model - a dump truck, there was a car, it’s carrying as much as it does not weigh.
    1. tima_ga 14 February 2020 18: 57 New
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      The author promised to continue
  19. Blue fox 13 February 2020 11: 54 New
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    So in 2007, I had to intersect with the guys from the Ryazan Brigade of the Railway Troops. They were impressed by the Soviet cable excavators E-303, Kirovets with the possibility of movement along railway tracks (they scared civilians at the crossroads when they moved “out of the window” between trains) and KrAZ trucks. I remember once a conscript soldier drove up on him, grimy like an imp, sitting on a wooden stool pinned to the floor instead of sitting :)
  20. Sether 13 February 2020 13: 05 New
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    Why was the American motor and car taken as a basis? After the war, for example, the Opel plant was exported to Moscow and produced a copy of the Opel Moskvich 401. They would take out the Tatra which everyone admires or Skoda and also Mans Mercedes Mogirus and so on. People who worked on Tatra 111 and then sat on Kraz 214 cried. Over time, they got rid of the motor by replacing it with yamz 238, but they didn’t have a car, because they created the Ural 375 from scratch and could remake the transmission in the image and likeness with this miracle. Those who have not traveled to this theft and have not exploited it, they will not understand, they will have a delight. Everything is relative.
  21. panzerfaust 13 February 2020 13: 43 New
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    Everything is based on American models ... What would we do without them? Our entire auto industry is licked from something already created by someone. So still.
    1. Bad_gr 13 February 2020 20: 15 New
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      Quote: panzerfaust
      Our entire auto industry is licked from something already created by someone. So still.

      Our PMP without a license is produced in China, USA, Czech Republic, Singapore, Japan and is actively sold abroad. In general, the PMP, its copies and modifications are made and are in service in 38 countries.



      And there are a lot of similar examples, especially among what has been done for our Army (this is often not patented)
    2. tima_ga 14 February 2020 19: 04 New
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      Then please tell us why they licked Vesta. This is the own development of VAZ engineers, as a platform, successful and modern.
  22. PilotS37 13 February 2020 14: 09 New
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    He developed power in 112 hp and in 1947 for the first time stood under the hood of a 7-ton YAZ-200 (a copy of the US GMC-803)

    I wanted to see on I-net what this GMC-803 looked like, and - oops ... There wasn’t such a car! It appears only on Russian-language sites and only as a prototype YAZ-200!
  23. PilotS37 13 February 2020 14: 16 New
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    The car went into production in 1957.

    Stunned! The same age as the first satellite!
    But in the 1980s. they were still one of the main heavy trucks in the country.
  24. Kushka 13 February 2020 19: 40 New
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    Quote: Free Wind
    There have never been bears in MAZuririks. Emblem of MAZ BISON.

    Similarly, I lied - on the sides of the motor bison
  25. tag17 14 February 2020 10: 55 New
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    He served in Transbaikalia in 80-82. Build a bunker. We had an excavator based on Kraz. The machine is a beast ... Downhill, uphill, and through a young forest, a speed of 20 kilometers per hour. He had problems with the starter, in the evening they put him across the slope, in the morning two or three turned the steering wheel and 20 people pushed him. The main thing is to move ... The meter wound up. Neither before nor after I had such a charge ... And again: in the year 76 I saw Craz rode along the bottom of Big Pete (a tributary of the Yenisei) below the village of Bryanka. The spectacle is amazing: a pipe moves along the river like a periscope of a submarine, and suddenly the cabin appears and then the whole truck travels for some distance and again only the pipe on the surface. He needed 12 kilometers below the village, no roads. For local residents, this was commonplace.
  26. EvilLion 20 February 2020 08: 12 New
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    And where does the Ukrainians?
  27. Ivan K 5 March 2020 14: 47 New
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    Soviet Soldier, Soviet ...