The following abbreviations are used in the article: AK - army corps, IN - military district, GraA - Army Group, Spacecraft - Red Army, u - motorized housing Goals Difference - intelligence materials, Ro - intelligence department of the headquarters RU - Reconnaissance of the General Staff of the spacecraft, TGr - tank Group.
In the previous part RM were examined about the headquarters of the field armies and TGr, which came to the leadership of the USSR and spacecraft in 1941. The reliability of these RMs was unsatisfactory. Intelligence was not able to detect a relocation to the border of the TGr headquarters in the same way as the deployment of the North, Center, and South GRA headquarters at the border. Information on the deployment of army headquarters on the territory of East Prussia and former Poland was also unreliable. Not all the headquarters were discovered by intelligence, and their relocation on the eve of the war directly to the border was not recorded. In this part, we will consider the Republic of Moldova on the headquarters of the corps, which arrived in 1941.
Is information about corps headquarters and corps groupings important at the border?
The absence of large headquarters at the border was likely to indicate that war was not expected in the near future. So they had to think in the upper echelons of spacecraft control. This point of view was reinforced by the absence of a significant number of troops at the border (according to intelligence), concentrated on the territory of East Prussia and former Poland. A detailed review of the Republic of Moldova on the enemy forces concentrated against PribOVO, KOVO and ZAPOVO was presented in the first 4 parts intelligence articles.
A version appeared that the top leadership of the spacecraft did not care about the RM about the presence of enemy fronts, armies, corps and motorized groups at the border. The main (allegedly) for our command was the number of enemy divisions. Only the German command needed information on the deployment of troops, headquarters and mechanized groups. As an example, below is a fragment of a German map with printed intelligence information about our troops.
The German command paid much more attention to the efficiency of command and control of its troops in an attack than the authors of this version. The two fragments of the German map below show that by the start of the war large headquarters of all levels moved closer to the border. The problem was that all our intelligence services did not record the movement of these headquarters.
Later, when intelligence data became more complete, not only German divisions began to appear on the maps of our army headquarters headquarters and fronts of the General Staff, but their affiliation with the corps (armies) was also indicated. Famous locations of large German headquarters began to be applied to maps.
Insufficiently complete and inaccurate RMs on the deployment of large German headquarters are likely to be associated with countering the leakage of information from the German command and carrying out mass misinformation of all possible sources of our intelligence.
Intelligence on the deployment of German troops
The most complete RM content on the deployment of German troops (to Slovakia), which are published, is Summary No. 5 of RU dated 15.6.41. It includes rather detailed data from the regional border military organizations as of 31.5.41. The reports often ask the question: "From which RM does the author cite data on the deployment of German troops and headquarters?"
I will provide information from the RU report dated 15.6.41 for readers interested in this topic.
The report was prepared according to RM, received on 31.5.41. Information in the RO for RU was to be prepared on May 29-30. Since a significant part of the materials came from time-delayed sources due to their transfer through the mailbox and messenger system, the RM actually reflected the situation somewhere on May 26-28. Check the reliability of these RMs in terms of information on the deployment of corps headquarters.
In accordance with the RU report, the headquarters were (verified information): the 7th AK in Tilsit, the 12th AK in Insterburg, the 8th AK in Koenigsberg, the 6th AK in Ciechanow, the 9th AK in Warsaw, the 32nd AK in Lublin, the 20th AK in Danzig, the 21st AK in Poznan.
AK headquarters with unknown numbers (reliable information) were located in the cities: Letzen, Allenstein, Miedzyzenec, Byala Podlaska, Lodz, Zamosc, Klemansuv, Rzeszow, Ivonic, Tarnow and Krakow.
Requiring verification by the RM about the headquarters of the AK: 24th (Lancut), 5th (Petrukov), 38th (Katowice). The RM also reported on the presence in Kielce of the headquarters of the 2nd AK. This data requires verification, as Earlier there was marked the headquarters of the 1st AK. In other words, the very location of the headquarters of the corps in Kielce is not in doubt. The only question is the number of this AK headquarters.
The reliability of information about the location of the headquarters of the 7th and 12th AK will be considered in the next part.
The RMs on the deployment of the headquarters of the 20th and 21st AKs were previously considered. Our intelligence confused them with the headquarters of the 20th and 21st HE. The VO headquarters, in contrast to the AK headquarters, could not be redeployed to the border and in their structure did not correspond to the AK headquarters. Observation of them did not reveal the fact of relocation to the border before the attack of these headquarters and their troops.
Reliability of RM about license plates
The figure shows data on the deployment of headquarters in the cities: Kielce, Ciechanow, Koenigsberg, Warsaw and Lublin. The information is used from the German map with the deployment of troops as of 27.5.41 and from the map of the ZAPOVO headquarters with the situation on 21.6.41 prepared on 23.6.41.
Information on AK numbers in four out of five cases is incorrect. Accurate data on the location of the 9th AK became unreliable a few days after the relocation of this headquarters closer to the border. RM remained unreliable until June 21. All five headquarters, according to intelligence, had not been relocated to the border by the start of the war. Just like army headquarters.
To understand how the German command acted, hiding the movement of its mobile troops, I propose to consider the data on the 32nd AK. Intelligence "saw" this headquarters, rechecked information about it, recorded its location from May 1940 (at least) until the outbreak of war. RM repeatedly checked and testified to the presence of the headquarters of a non-existent AK. This cannot be a mistake, because in the summer of 1940, the headquarters of the 3rd AK was redeployed to Lublin, which was not discovered by our intelligence before the war. Someone carefully portrayed the headquarters of the 32nd AK.
In March 1941, the headquarters of the 3rd AK was reorganized into the headquarters of the 3rd MK (III. Armeekops (mot.)). But for some reason not one headquarters of our intelligence was discovered. Intelligence obtained some data about the deployment of AKs, but there was no information at all about the presence of microns or TGr. There is a pattern in this matter. The German command was able to completely hide all information about the presence of large mobile groups from our intelligence.
At the end of May, the headquarters of the 3rd MK and the headquarters of the 55th AK are in Lublin. After 19.6, both headquarters will move to the border, but our intelligence will still be sure that there is some AK headquarters in Lublin before the war. This AK is present on the maps of the ZAPOVO and KOVO headquarters, with the situation on 21.6.41. As well as several other AKs, which are supposedly located in places of constant deployment. Intelligence data about this will pass through the RO VO, through the leadership of the spacecraft and the leadership of the USSR. Looking at these RMs, we can say that there is nothing terrible yet: after all, the enemy troops and headquarters for the most part are quite far from the border. The headquarters of large mobile strike groups have not yet arrived in Poland and East Prussia.
We continue consideration of the RM. Our intelligence reports on the presence of AK headquarters in the cities of Allenstein and Zamosc.
There is no AK headquarters in Allenstein itself. There is only the headquarters of the 4th TGr, which the Germans did not particularly hide, using its closed name in correspondence. In the correspondence for the other three TGr, their coded names were used. But the headquarters of the two mk near Allenstein were not again discovered by our intelligence. As well as the headquarters of the 3rd mk ... The same situation with AK in Zamosc. It is detected, but not found to be microns.
Of the five locations of the buildings, only information about the location of the 13th AK in Lodz is reliable.
Of the four locations for AK headquarters, only the headquarters in Krakow is reliable. However, this is an inferior corps: of a reduced composition and without troops.
Next, consider unverified information that has the right to be false. In two cases, it coincides with the locations of the corps headquarters. However, the 14th AK is MK.
Regarding the headquarters of the 7th and 12th AK, we can say for sure that the information on their location is false.
Thus, out of 23 AK headquarters locations, only in eight cases do the headquarters locations match intelligence data. In some cases, intelligence did not find that the headquarters belonged not to the AK, but to the army corps (motorized). As of 27.5.41, seven mk were located in East Prussia and former Poland: the 3rd, 14th, 24th, 39th, 41st, 48th and 57th.
In his memoirs, the former chief of RU mentions the presence of 22 corps and the knowledge of half of the numbers of corps headquarters.
The summary refers to the numbers of the twelve corps headquarters. The reliability of this information can now be judged by the readers themselves. In fact, by the 22.6.41 g. There were 43 corps headquarters near the Soviet-German border.
The locations of the corps headquarters in the East
Consider the information on the deployment of the corps headquarters of the Wehrmacht, which by 22.6.41 will be concentrated in the East.
1th AK - from 13.9.40 relocates to East Prussia. In Elbing, he will remain until mid-April. From 23.4 to 27.5 it is located in Koenigsberg, and on 16.6.41 it is noted in Tilsit.
2th AK - from March to the beginning of April 1941, is located in the city of Graudens. From April 5 to April 12 it is deployed in Rossel. From 23.4 to 27.5 it is located in Gumbinen, and 16.6.41 - in Otwock.
3th AK - from 5.7.40 to 19.6.41 it is deployed in Lublin.
4th AK - since May 1941 he has been in Poland (27.5.41 in Zadisniki), and 16.6.41 in Rata Rozlewicka.
5th AK - from 1 to 27.5.41 in Ortelsburg, and 16.6.41 - in Krasnopol.
6th AK - from 1 to 12.4.41 located in Ortelsburg. From 23.4 to 27.5 - in Treuburg, 16.6 - in the city of Rominter.
8th AK - Until April 1941, is in the West. From 23.4 to 16.6 - in the city of Likk.
9th AK - from September 1940 to the end of April 1941 - in Oppeln (Poland). 27.5 - in the city of Skalinov (near Warsaw), and 16.6 - is deployed east of Warsaw (Sokolov).
10th AK - since January 1941 he has been in Poland: from 6.2 to 1.4 - in Neideburg, 5.4 - in Bartenstein, from 12.4 to 23.4 - in Helsberg, from 27.5 to 16.6 - in Insterburg.
11th AK - from 6.6.41 located in Romania.
13th AK - since March 1941 he has been in East Prussia. From 22.3 to 27.5 in Litzmanstadt (Lodz). From June 1 to 3 - in Warsaw, 4.6 - in Yador, and 16.6 - in Lochow.
14th AK - from the fall of 1940 to 12.12.40 in Katowice. Further, the corps is located in Romania, in Serbia, in Germany (27.5.41 - in Koenigshütte). 16.6 - in Heudekrug (not far from the border of the Lithuanian SSR).
16th AK - From the autumn of 1940 to February 1941 he is in Allenstein. 17.6.41 the headquarters was used for the headquarters formations of the 4th TGr.
17th AK - from 4.7.40 to 12.4.41 located in Tarbrzeg (Poland). From 23.4 to 19.6 it is deployed in the city of Helm.
20th AK - until 2.11.40, he is in the city of Schneidemuhl, 12.12.40 - in the city of Stettin, from 22.3 to 27.5.41 - in the city of Thorn, 16.6 - in the city of Likk.
23th AK - until May 1941 (inclusive) is in the West. 27.5 is celebrated in Halesberg (East Prussia) and is deployed there until 19.6.41.
24th AK - From the autumn of 1940 to 23.4.41, it is located in Germany (Stuttgart). 15.5 - possibly located in Wibzyn. 27.5.41 the headquarters of the corps is celebrated in Konstancinek (near Warsaw). 16.6 he is stationed in Lukov.
26th AK - since July 1940 is in East Prussia. Until 12.4.41 - in Angerburg. From 23.4 to 27.5 - in Tilsit. 16-19.6 is stationed in Heidekrug.
28th AK - 27.5.41 is still located in Germany (Friedland). From the end of May, it begins relocation to East Prussia. 16.6 - deployed in Allenburg.
29th AK - since March 1941 arrives in Poland. From March 22 to May 27, it is deployed in Kielce. 16.6 he is in Dolkhobychuv.
30th AK - since the end of May 1941 he has been in Romania.
H. Kdo XXXIV - from the beginning of 1941 until April 23, is in Lancut. 27.5 is deployed in Krakow. From 16.6 is located near the city of Jaslo.
H. Kdo XXXV - From the autumn of 1940 until the start of the war he was in Minsk-Mozovetsky.
38th AK - 27.5.41 is located in Elbing (East Prussia). 16.6 - in Koenigsberg, from 19.6 - in the city of Russ.
41th AK - in May 1941 arrives in East Prussia. From 27.5 to 16.6 is deployed near Allenstein. 21.6 is located at Tilsit.
42th AK - from 13.6.41 began redeployment to Poland and by June 22 was at the border.
43th AK - since May 1941 he has been in Poland (27.5 - Tomaszow). Correspondence (2.5.41) refers to the location of the headquarters in Tomashov. 1.6 headquarters is located in Lukov, and 15-16.6 - 6 km south of Sartaki.
44th AK - since July 1940 he has been in Poland (Radom - until 23.4.41, 27.5 - Yanov, from 16.6 - Lubaczow).
46th AK - since June 1941 arrives in Poland. The correspondence noted that 13-16.6 the headquarters of the corps moves between the cities of Deblin - Pulawy. In Pulawy, the headquarters will be located before the outbreak of war.
47th AK - in June 1941 arrives in Poland. From 16.6 it is located in Siedlec, 19.9 - near Byala Podlaska.
48th AK. One of the sources of information refers to the arrival of the corps on the territory of the Governor General on 15.4.41. On the map of the German command 23.4.41 the corps is still absent in Poland. Only at the end of May does he appear in Zamosc. In this city, he will be located on 19.6.41.
49th Mountain Rifle Corps 27.5.41 is celebrated in Lanzug. The headquarters is there before the war.
52th AK - From the end of the 40th to April 1941, he is in Germany (Hanover). At the end of May it is located in Krimisia (Poland), and from 16.6 - in Iwonicz.
53th AK - since April 1941 he has been in Poland: 23.4 - Yastrov, 27.5 - Pabienice, 16.6 - Radom, 19-22.6 - Lukov.
54th AK - since June 1941 he was in Romania.
55th AK - from 29.4.41 located in Poland. From 27.5 to 19.6 - in Lublin.
56th AK - in June 1941, crosses Poland and 16.6 - noted in Insterburg. 19.6 is located at the border in the city of Lengweffen.
57th AK - at the end of May 1941 is located near Allenstein. 16.6. - in Nikolayken, 19.6 - in Ragnit.
The ending should ...