Military Review

The fierce battle for the Slavic Pomerania

44
The fierce battle for the Slavic Pomerania
Column tanks IS-2 on the march in Eastern Pomerania. 1st Belorussian Front, March 1945


The Agony of the Third Reich. 75 years ago, on February 10, 1945, the East Pomeranian strategic operation began. The Soviet armies of Rokossovsky and Zhukov defeated the German army group Vistula, liberated the ancient Slavic lands, took Danzig and occupied the Baltic coast. The threat of a German strike from East Pomerania was eliminated, the Red Army began a regrouping to the Berlin direction.

Threat from the north


The offensive of the Red Army, which began in January and early February 1945, led to the withdrawal of our troops on the Oder River and the seizure of bridgeheads on its western shore. At this line, from where it was already possible to go to Berlin, Soviet troops stopped.

To continue the offensive in the Berlin direction, it was necessary to solve several important tasks. The 1st Belorussian Front, commanded by Zhukov, which broke through closest to Berlin, fought part of its forces against the blocked enemy garrisons of Poznan, Küstrin, Schneidemül and other strong points of the Wehrmacht. Significant forces of the 1st BF had in early February 1945 to turn to the northern flank, to the East Pomeranian direction. There, the Wehrmacht concentrated large forces to strike the flank and rear of the Berlin Red Army group. The right flank of the 1st BF stretched for hundreds of kilometers, between the troops of the 1st and 2nd Belorussian fronts, a huge and undisguised gap was formed, and the Nazis could use it.

The German army until the end of the war retained high combat efficiency, inflicted powerful blows and fiercely, skillfully fought. At the same time, the German command at the junction of the 1st Belorussian and 1st Ukrainian fronts was going to deliver a strong blow to the north from the Glogau - Guben line in Silesia. That is, the Germans planned counter-strikes from the north and south to cut off the Soviet armies that had pulled ahead in the Berlin direction, and to destroy them. Even the partial success of the operation led to a protracted war, averted the threat of an assault on Berlin.

The German command tried to strengthen the position of the 9th army under the command of T. Busse, defending in the Berlin direction. It was strengthened by reserves, replenishment and officer schools. The Nazis were able to quickly strengthen the defense on the Oder. On January 24, 1945, the Wisla Army Group was formed to defend the Berlin direction under the command of the SS Reichsfuhrer Heinrich Himmler. Its composition included the 2nd and 9th field armies. The 2nd German army under the command of W. Weiss (from March 12 - von Saucken) was located in Eastern Pomerania, and acted against the right wing of the 1st BF and the left wing of the 2nd BF. By February 10, the 11th German Army (11th SS Panzer Army) was formed, operating west of the 2nd Army. Also in the Stettin area was the 3rd Panzer Army of E. Routh (from March - von Mantoifel), which could operate both in Berlin and the East Pomeranian direction.

German troops had high mobility: in Germany there was an extensive network of railways and highways. Also, for the transfer of troops used sea lanes and ports in the Baltic. A number of units were transferred from Courland to East Pomerania to strengthen the Wisla Army Group. Also German aviation had a developed network of airfields near the front (Berlin concrete strips), which made it possible to concentrate forces and create a temporary advantage in the air. On some days, the Germans dominated the air.


Volkssturm militia during the oath ceremony in Danzig. Two militias are armed with Panzerschreck anti-tank grenade launchers, the leftmost one is equipped with a MG-42 machine gun


German troops on the march in Pomerania. To the left in the background is the StuG III SPG. March 1945


German easel 88-mm anti-tank grenade launchers "Pupchen" (Raketenwerfer 43 "Puppchen"), captured by the Red Army in one of the cities of Pomerania. 1st Belorussian Front. 1945


The German tank PzKpfw VI Ausf.B "Tiger" II from the 503rd SS heavy tank battalion, presumably failed in the crater from the bomb, on the streets of Gdansk. 2nd Belorussian Front. In the background, the Soviet Studebaker truck US-6 and the IS-2 tank. March 1945

The need to suspend the attack on Berlin


At this time, when the Third Reich mobilized all forces and means for the defense of the metropolitan area, the Soviet armies in the main direction experienced objective difficulties. The troops of the 1st BF and 1st UV suffered serious losses in previous battles. The number of rifle divisions by the beginning of February was reduced to 5,5 thousand people. Equipment and tanks were knocked out. Due to the high pace of the Vistula-Oder operation, the rear areas fell behind, and the supply of troops with ammunition, fuel and other means deteriorated significantly. Oder airfields were spoiled by rains (they were unpaved). I had to take urgent measures to strengthen air defense.

As a result, the balance of forces in the Berlin direction, especially on the northern flank, temporarily changed in favor of the Wehrmacht. In these conditions, it was impossible to storm Berlin. A poorly prepared assault on the German capital could lead to dire consequences: failure of the operation, huge losses, loss of time. And the political situation was difficult. The Nazis could open a front in the West and send Anglo-American troops into Berlin.

Therefore, the supreme Soviet command decided from the beginning to remove the threat from the flanks of the Berlin Red Army group. To this end, offensive operations were carried out in Eastern Pomerania and Silesia, and the destruction of the East Prussian Wehrmacht was completed. At the same time preparations were underway for an attack on Berlin, a struggle for bridgeheads on the Oder.


The defeat of the East Pomeranian group


On February 10, 1945, the 2nd Belorussian Front under the command of Rokossovsky went on the offensive against the East Pomeranian Wehrmacht group. The armies of the 2nd BF were redirected from the East Prussian direction to the East Pomeranian. But four front armies (the 50th, 3rd, 48th and 5th Guards Tank) were transferred to the 3rd Belorussian Front. Those remaining in the 2nd BF were weakened by previous battles, and the 19th Army and 3rd Tank Corps transferred to Rokossovsky from the Headquarters reserve were still on the march. Therefore, the progress of our troops was slow. Wooded area contributed to the defending Nazis. By February 19, the Soviet armies pressed the enemy 15–40 km away and were forced to stop.

It became obvious that the forces of one 2nd BF did not defeat the enemy. The Soviet Headquarters decided to draw part of the forces of Zhukov and the Baltic Fleet into the operation. In the meantime, the Nazis tried to seize the initiative. On February 17, 1945, the Germans launched a strong counterattack from the Stargard region against the troops of the northern wing of the 1st BF. Our troops squeezed 10 km. A fierce battle broke out over the ancient Slavic lands. Zhukov’s armies repelled enemy attacks, and on March 1, struck southeast of Stargard on Kohlberg. Earlier, on February 24, the troops of Rokossovsky from the Linde region on Köslin (Kezlin) delivered a strong blow to the Nazis. The Soviet armies split the enemy group and on March 5 reached the Baltic coast in the area of ​​Köslin, Kolberg and Treptov. Kohlberg was under siege. The German East Pomeranian group was cut into pieces. The 2nd German army was defeated and driven back into the northeastern part of the region. The 11th German army was defeated and fragmented, rolled back to Oder. The threat to the flank of the 1st BF was eliminated.

After reaching the Baltic, the armies of Rokossovsky turned eastward in order to finish off the 2nd German army, which had lost its land connection with the rest of the German group, to clear the northeastern part of Pomerania, with the old Polish cities of Gdynia and Gdansk (Danzig). To quickly solve this problem, the 2nd BF was reinforced by the 2nd Guards Tank Army of Katukov from the 1st BF. The tank guards were to go to Gdynia. Zhukov’s troops advanced westward, reaching the lower part of the Oder (from the mouth to Zeden) in order to defeat the 11th German army and occupy the western part of Pomerania. After that, the right wing of the 1st BF again aimed at the Berlin direction. Tank formations were withdrawn to the rear to replenish and prepare for the decisive battle for Berlin.

The German command, despite the defeat and heavy losses, continued to offer strong resistance. The 2nd Army still had large forces (19 divisions, including 2 armored), mobilized all who could, all rear, special units and subunits, militias. The discipline in the troops was restored and maintained by brutal methods. The 11th Army was in worse condition, defeated and fragmented. Therefore, in the west, the Nazis focused on the defense of individual settlements, which they turned into strong defense nodes. The speed of the Soviet offensive did not allow the Germans to use parts of the 3rd Panzer Army to strengthen the defense in Pomerania. Therefore, units of the 11th Army were assigned to the Oder in order to put in order and organize a new line of defense. The main attention was paid to protecting the large industrial center of Stettin, so we decided to keep Altdamm.

On the morning of March 6, Rokossovsky’s troops resumed the offensive. In the very first days, the German defense was hacked. On March 8, our troops took the large industrial center of Stolp - the second largest city of Pomerania after Stettin. Also, a sudden attack took Stolpmünde. The Germans, hiding behind the rearguards, and repulsing at intermediate lines (especially strong fortifications were on the right flank of the 2nd BF), sent troops to the strong positions of the Gdynia-Gdansk fortified area. As the Nazis retreated, their battle formations became denser and resistance increased significantly. The pace of movement of Soviet troops decreased. March 13, our troops went to the area of ​​Gdynia and Gdansk, where the Nazis fought fiercely until the end of March. On March 26, Soviet soldiers captured Gdynia; on March 30, Gdansk. After the liquidation of the forces of the 2nd German Army, the Rokossovsky troops began a regrouping from the Gdansk region to the lower reaches of the Oder towards Stettin and Rostock.

Zhukov’s troops finished off the enemy’s encircled enemy group south of Schiffelbein. It was not possible to completely destroy the semicircular group of Nazis in the Treptov area. The Germans were able to escape to their own, although they suffered more losses. Also failed to immediately eliminate the enemy garrison of Kohlberg. Poles came here who did not have the experience of urban fighting. Only on March 18, Kohlberg was taken. Heavy fighting went on the Stettin direction. Here the Germans had a strong defense, which was reinforced by natural obstacles (water barriers), fought desperately. Here Zhukov had to suspend the offensive, regroup troops, pull up additional artillery and aviation forces. During a fierce battle, our troops broke the fierce resistance of the enemy and took Altdamm on March 20. The remnants of the Nazis retreated to the right bank of the Oder. As a result, our troops completely cleared the western part of Eastern Pomerania from the enemy. The entire eastern shore of the Oder was in the hands of the Red Army. Zhukov’s troops could now focus on preparing the Berlin operation.


Soviet IL-2 attack aircraft strike at the enemy in Pomerania. February 1945


Soviet heavy tank IS-2 on the street of Stargard in Eastern Pomerania. A vehicle from the 11th separate guards heavy tank brigade of the 61st Army of the 1st Belorussian Front. On this machine there is no anti-aircraft machine-gun mount DShK and to combat the “Faustniki” a standard DT machine gun was used on the bipod


The artillery calculation of the 76,2 mm ZIS-3 divisional gun of the 1942 model, under the command of foreman Nurmukhamedov, is fighting in Pomerania. The fighter in the foreground (most likely the loader’s assistant) is holding a UBR-354P unitary cartridge with a 53-BR-350P projectile (armor-piercing armor-piercing projectile tracer of the “reel” type)


The column of Soviet self-propelled guns SU-76M is part of a settlement in Northern Pomerania. March 1945

The liberation of the ancient Slavic lands


This battle was important historical and military strategic importance. Russian troops liberated the Slavic Pomerania, occupied at different times by the Germans. Russia gave these lands to Poland.

The troops of Rokossovsky and Zhukov defeated 21 enemy divisions and 8 brigades, eliminated the threat of a Wehrmacht attack from East Pomerania on the flank and rear of the Red Army grouping aimed at Berlin. With the fall of Gdynia and Danzig, other ports in the Baltic, the Germans lost touch with the besieged Königsberg and the group in Courland. The Reich has lost an important coastal region, shipyards, ports, industrial centers. The Baltic basing system has been expanded fleet. With the defeat of the East Pomeranian group, the Soviet army was able to concentrate on the Berlin operation.

More details about the liberation of Eastern Pomerania are described in articles on VO: East Pomeranian operation; The offensive of the troops of the 2 of the Byelorussian Front: assault on Elbing and Graudents. Defeat of the Shneidemul Group; The defeat of the army group "Wisla"; The victorious conclusion of the East Pomeranian operation. Assault on Gdynia, Danzig and Kohlberg.


Soviet soldiers on the IS-2 tank during the battles for Danzig. March 1945


The soldiers with captured German disposable grenade launchers "Panzerfaust" (Panzerfaust) on the street Danzig. March 1945


Soviet tanks American-made M4A2 (76) W "Sherman" with a landing during the battles for Danzig


Battery of Soviet 152 mm howitzer guns arr. 1937 ML-20 fires on the enemy during the fighting for Danzig. March 29, 1945


Soviet self-propelled guns ISU-122 on Am Holtsraum street in Danzig


Red Army machine gunners walk past a destroyed building on the street taken by Danzig. March 30, 1945
Author:
Photos used:
http://waralbum.ru/
Articles from this series:
The agony of the Third Reich

The Agony of the Third Reich. 75 years of the Vistula-Oder operation
The assault on the East Prussian fortress of the Reich
How Soviet troops liberated Warsaw
How Stalin created the foundations of a new world
44 comments
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  1. Lamata
    Lamata 10 February 2020 07: 02
    +6
    Our then again pulled the Wehrmacht !!! Glory to the Red Army. But Danzig called the original Polish city, it is unlikely. Spasiyu author, especially for the photo.
    1. Bar2
      Bar2 10 February 2020 08: 15
      -1
      Russia gave these lands to Poland.


      not Russia, but the USSR Samsonov.
      In general, the fact that the USSR remained in line with the official history of the Olympic Games, i.e. to the mythical "brotherhood of peoples", as if this was the pit where the USSR built by Stalin and the Warsaw Pact fell. These state and supranational entities turned out to be short-lived. People do not need "fraternal" relations between kindred states. For example, Poland in 80 years easily changed the ideology of socialism and "brotherhood" to the Western values ​​of acquisitiveness, wealth, consumption, which, incidentally, happened to the Soviet people tortured by queues and shortages - this was a well-thought-out policy of the collapse of the USSR with its hypothetical values ​​of equality and brotherhood, but without food and clothing for people, people ceased to understand the high values ​​of socialism, preferring the low values ​​of the filled market.
      There is always one way out of this situation — it was necessary to tell people the true story, that there was a single Russian empire and all these peoples and peoples were created from the Russian people (in fact, of course, everything is more complicated) on the same Russian lands as today's Ukrainians. It was necessary to abandon far-fetched national languages ​​that prevent one from understanding each other and switch completely to Russian and, most importantly, prohibit the harmful and always hostile Catholic Church.
      1. Varyag_0711
        Varyag_0711 10 February 2020 10: 29
        -9
        Bar2 (Paul)
        not Russia, but the USSR Samsonov.
        But the USSR is not Russia ?!
        1. Octopus
          Octopus 10 February 2020 13: 11
          15
          Quote: Varyag_0711
          But the USSR is not Russia ?!

          No, these are two different countries. It is strange that you did not hear.
    2. svp67
      svp67 10 February 2020 10: 04
      0
      Quote: Lamata
      But Danzig called the original Polish city, it is unlikely.

      Nevertheless, the Poles now often claim that the Red Army greatly destroyed their Gdansk ...
      1. Lamata
        Lamata 10 February 2020 18: 53
        +2
        the dog barks and the caravan goes wink
    3. iouris
      iouris 10 February 2020 13: 01
      +5
      Very soon they will write like this: "the troops of the Russian Federation liberated ...", "The Russian Federation won ...", "The Russian Federation presented ..." It is even difficult to imagine what they will say and write to the EU.
      Yes, all of Germany is on the "Slavic lands". Free and give to anyone!
      1. Operator
        Operator 10 February 2020 13: 17
        +1
        We don’t need someone else’s - let the Germans reassure Vargia (GDR) and return the frogs laughing
        1. fuxila
          fuxila 10 February 2020 15: 46
          +8
          The German inhabitants of Mecklenburg are the descendants of the encouraged, mixed with immigrants from Saxony and Holland, so nothing will come of it. It’s like if you expel the Russians from Murom and give it to Murom, which also no longer exists. Also, the Germans expelled by the Poles from Western Pomerania were there the indigenous population - the descendants of the Plomerian Slovins and German colonists. Therefore, the big question is how justified was the transfer to the Poles of Western Pomerania, which was under Polish rule only a very short period of time (unlike the East, where Pomeranian-Kashubians were preserved) and at the same time, from ancient times until the middle of the XNUMXth century, it was governed by its own by the princes of the Grifich dynasty. If only to weaken Germany, then it might have made sense, but the transfer to Poland of Prussia, which was never not only Polish, but also Slavic, then this decision of Stalin is completely incomprehensible to me, it was necessary to add all of Prussia to the RSFSR, and not just one only a small part with Koenigsberg and now the whole Baltic would be isolated from their western overlords.
          1. Operator
            Operator 10 February 2020 16: 07
            0
            The descendants of the encouragers (carriers of the West European subclade R1a) on the territory of the former GDR make up about 15%, plus the descendants of the Aryans (carriers of the Scandinavian subclade R1a) about 5%, plus the descendants of the native Europeans Illyrians (carriers I1) about 15%, totaling about 1 / 3. And the rest - the Celts (R1b) must be deported for the Elbe in Germany itself laughing

            The coastal regions of present-day Poland originally belonged to the Pomeranians - the present-day Kashubians (part of the rims), who are carriers of the West European subclade R1a, and not the eastern subclade R1a, like Poles, Czechs, Slovaks, Slovenes, Croats, Serbs, Belarusians, Ukrainians and Russians.

            The Pomorians / Kashubians (of whom there are over 300 thousand people in Poland), unlike the Poles, do not lisp and pronounce "sea" (not "mozhe"), Zverin (not Schwerin), etc.
            1. fuxila
              fuxila 11 February 2020 14: 16
              0
              The coastal regions of present-day Poland originally belonged to the Pomeranians - the present-day Kashubians (part of the encouragement),

              You are mistaken, the Kashubians were never part of the encouragement and even geographically could not come into contact with them, because between them lay the lands of the Lutichs, Ruyan and Western Pomeranian-Slovoins. Rooters had their princedom, with their dynasty at the head, by the way, the Pribyslavichs ruled Mecklenburg until the revolution in Germany in 1918. In Pomerania there were rulers who never obeyed the Rocks, but sometimes fell into vassal dependence on Poland.
              1. Operator
                Operator 11 February 2020 15: 10
                -1
                Whatever you call it - Vendians, encouraged, Varangians (in Russian chronicles).

                In any case, kashuby, lutichi, ruddy, Rus, etc. belong to the carriers of the West Slavic subclade R1a, and the Poles, Slovenes, Krivichi, Vyatichi, Radimichi, Drevlyans, glades, Tivertsy, Moravians, Czechs, Croats, Serbs, etc. - to the carriers of the East Slavic subclade R1a.

                The genetic separation of these sub-ethnic groups occurred at the beginning of the 2nd millennium BC. Two thousand years earlier, the Scandinavian (from 20 to 25% of modern Norwegians, Swedes, Danes and Icelanders) and the Black Sea sub-ethnic groups R1a (from 12 to 50% of modern Turks, Tatars, Uzbeks, Kyrgyz, Tajiks were separated from their common ancestors) Iranians, Pashtuns, Indians, Tuvans, Uyghurs and Arabian Arabs).
          2. Marine engineer
            Marine engineer 14 February 2020 20: 57
            0
            “.... it was necessary to attach all of Prussia to the RSFSR, and not just a small part with Koenigsberg ..”

            I agree, the distribution of the Prussian lands to Poland and Lithuania was a mistake.
  2. Octopus
    Octopus 10 February 2020 07: 08
    +9
    I read it directly and wanted to praise Mr. Samsonov. Wrote a generally neutral in style educational program, without addiction. But no.
    Russian troops liberated the Slavic Pomerania, occupied at different times by the Germans. Russia gave these lands to Poland.

    Almost at the last meters, the author fell back into his own special world.
  3. rocket757
    rocket757 10 February 2020 07: 24
    +5
    When the agony begins, everyone is trying to find a "cheap", affordable way to stop the main striking force of the attackers.
    Eh, "twilight German genius", you were sent to the wrong place, to solve the wrong problems, and more than once!
  4. Olgovich
    Olgovich 10 February 2020 07: 26
    +7
    extremely fierce battles in the conditions of the prepared defense of the enemy at countless lines, in conditions of enormous density of troops, cities, population ....

    But ours managed to make amazing maneuvers, for example, in the region of the mentioned city of Stolp:
    Ahead - Stolp, after Stettin, the second largest city of Eastern Pomerania. The approaches to the city are heavily fortified. I call A.P. Panfilov for communication.

    The tank commander does not need an explanation of the task. He understands everything at a glance.

    - Take Stolp?

    - Yes.

    - How much time do you give?

    - A day.

    - Will be done.

    Frankly, I was a little embarrassed by Panfilov’s self-confidence. Stolp is a large industrial center. There were aircraft and other military factories. The enemy will certainly hold on tightly to him.

    But Panfilov and his guards were not in vain famous for courage and resourcefulness. After passing through the battle formations of a slowly advancing infantry, tanks stealthily they went around the city along forest roads and suddenly attacked it from the flanks and from the rear. The appearance of our tanks on the streets so stunned the Nazis that they could no longer really resist. The German garrison capitulated. Having handed over the captured city with all trophies and captured infantry, A.P. Panfilov led the corps to the east, scattering and destroying columns of enemy troops moving to Stolp from the north and southeast, not suspecting that the city was already occupied by our units. The strong advanced detachments of tanks with armored paratroopers, advanced forward at a great distance, bypassed maneuver seized the bridges over the Lupov-Flies river in good condition and, reflecting the enemy attacks, held them until the main corps forces approached.
    "Rokossovsky" Soldier's Duty

    good
  5. Ros 56
    Ros 56 10 February 2020 08: 24
    -2
    The liberation of the ancient Slavic lands

    This battle was of great historical and military strategic importance. Russian troops liberated the Slavic Pomerania, occupied at different times by the Germans. Russia gave these lands to Poland.

    It's time to return their land to the owners. After all, it was given to people at one time, and people there ended up, degenerated into villains and ungrateful pigs, so let them slurp to the fullest.
    1. Octopus
      Octopus 10 February 2020 10: 12
      -1
      Quote: Ros 56
      It's time to return their land to the owners

      Fortunately, the owners, the Germans, have grown wiser since then. Not all of this can be said.
    2. Operator
      Operator 10 February 2020 11: 06
      0
      Quote: Ros 56
      land owners

      Kashubam, morava, Lemko and Rus.
      1. Ros 56
        Ros 56 10 February 2020 11: 12
        -4
        Dear, I want to dot Y. By the owners, I meant - "Russia gave these lands to Poland.", Those who donated, therefore, the lands should return to Russia.
        1. Octopus
          Octopus 10 February 2020 13: 16
          -4
          Quote: Ros 56
          those who gave, therefore, should return the land to Russia.

          Well, firstly, Russia was not then. Secondly, Comrade Stalin had the habit of giving stolen goods. For example, a little earlier he presented Lithuania to Vilnius freed from the Poles.
          I think you can forgive the old man for this little thing.
          1. Ros 56
            Ros 56 10 February 2020 13: 18
            -2
            How many years ago was Russia not?
            1. Octopus
              Octopus 10 February 2020 13: 33
              -3
              There is such a holiday, even a day off, on June 12. Ask where it came from.
              1. Ros 56
                Ros 56 10 February 2020 13: 41
                +1
                Seriously, but before that there was no Russia? Even for an octopus, this is not solid.
                1. Octopus
                  Octopus 10 February 2020 15: 00
                  +3
                  The first time I see a man who seriously drowns that the USSR = RF.
                  1. Ros 56
                    Ros 56 10 February 2020 17: 24
                    +1
                    Yeah, with eight legs in order, with convolutions strained. laughing
        2. iouris
          iouris 10 February 2020 15: 00
          +1
          Quote: Ros 56
          therefore, the land should return to Russia.

          Themselves or "at the behest of the pike, at my will"? Oh well. Dreaming well, lying on the stove ...
  6. Eug
    Eug 10 February 2020 09: 02
    +1
    Surprised by the 2 (second) guards tank army of Katukov, he always believed that M.E. Katukov commanded the 1 (first) guards tank army .. well, in the photo, 76 mm. ZiS-3 fighter with a shell - just a kid .. a prototype of Vanya Solntsev? (I remember that in the calculation, the caps were removed from the fuses and, of course, much younger, but still) ..
    1. BAI
      BAI 10 February 2020 09: 33
      +1
      Yes, 2 GTA to Katukov has nothing to do. From January 1943 to 1950, he commanded 1TA - 1TA.
  7. Galleon
    Galleon 10 February 2020 09: 30
    +1
    Thank you for the article! Quite recently I read Rokossovsky's "Soldier's Duty", where he also describes these events in the spring of 1945. Your article to that book is a great addition.
    Special thanks for preserving the memory: for mentioning, if possible, the names of the soldiers depicted in the photo. It is important.
  8. Operator
    Operator 10 February 2020 10: 15
    +1
    Until 1945, Pomerania never belonged to Poland - the West Slavic Kashub tribes lived there. An attempt by the East Slavic tribe of Poles to conquer Pomerania ended in their defeat in the XNUMXth century and the formation of a Pomeranian state led by Prince Vartislav I, who converted to Christianity.

    The Pomor principality was liquidated under the onslaught of the Germans from the west and east (from Prussia), where the Poles invited the Germans to eliminate the threat from the Baltic Prussian tribe.

    In other words, the lands of the Kashubians (Pomerania), Moravians (Silesia) and Prussians (Prussia) did not initially belong to the Poles and were donated to them by Stalin.
    1. fuxila
      fuxila 10 February 2020 15: 57
      0
      I agree, I did not immediately get to your comment, because I left my like above smile Only Silesia is not the land of the Moravians (Moravia is partly part of the Czech Republic, and partly in Hungary), but it is a slush.
  9. Fitter65
    Fitter65 10 February 2020 12: 37
    +1
    Soviet heavy tank IS-2 on the street of Stargard in Eastern Pomerania.

    And then this city became the Polish Stargad-Szczecin, where from 1983 to 1988, or rather, in the suburbs of this city, Key ...
  10. Batonkt
    Batonkt 10 February 2020 13: 06
    0
    The German tank PzKpfw VI Ausf.B "Tiger" II from the 503rd SS heavy tank battalion, presumably failed in the crater from the bomb, on the streets of Gdansk. 2nd Belorussian Front. In the background, the Soviet Studebaker truck US-6 and the IS-2 tank. March 1945
    In my opinion, the Soviet T-34-85 tank is a cannon without a muzzle brake. "According to the recollections of tankers, a bucket was often hung on the T-34-85 gun so that German tanks would not engage in battle (they were afraid of the IS-2 cannon)" (From the site "I-remember")
    1. mat-vey
      mat-vey 10 February 2020 13: 25
      +3
      You take a look at his chassis and VLD ...
      1. Batonkt
        Batonkt 10 February 2020 13: 58
        0
        I agree then it turns out IS-1
        1. mat-vey
          mat-vey 10 February 2020 14: 00
          +3
          VLD IS-2 ... The photo is just crooked ...
    2. Catfish
      Catfish 10 February 2020 14: 25
      +4
      Take a closer look at the chassis, it is Isovskaya, but I could not find the muzzle brake either.
      And I myself heard about the bucket at the end of the cannon at the T-XNUMX from the front-line soldiers.
      1. Lexus
        Lexus 12 February 2020 04: 26
        +4
        Take a closer look at the chassis, it is Isovskaya, but I could not find the muzzle brake either



  11. Catfish
    Catfish 10 February 2020 14: 30
    +2
    Thanks to the author, hi for the photographs separately, I was especially pleased with the whole "bunch" of trophy "Puppchens" (the name is somehow frivolous), those of our soldiers who captured them and did not allow them to be displayed at the front, had to be awarded separately, how many lives of the tankers were saved.
  12. bandabas
    bandabas 10 February 2020 18: 01
    +1
    But the moment of victory is at hand.
    Hooray! we break; bend the Swedes.
    O glorious hour! oh nice view!
    Another pressure - and the enemy runs:
  13. L-39NG
    L-39NG 10 February 2020 22: 12
    -4
    Question. Where do the "SLAVIC" lands begin and where they end, otherwise the confusion is going on. Wherever you look - everywhere the primordially Russian land, On these primordially Russian lands there were Celts, Greeks, Turks, Tatars and various Finno-Ugric. and the Scythians there considered it theirs, I am silent about the Kurds. Primordially Russian Chukotka, Yamal, Trans-Urals. And Rurik were Russian Slavs? This is so that experts do not confuse Slavs and slaves, some will understand. Today I read that dumplings are considered by some to be primordially Russian food.
    And it helps, brothers and sisters? consider yourself something? When was the last time you looked in the mirror? And how many Slavs did you see there?
    1. Andrey VOV
      Andrey VOV 11 February 2020 11: 56
      +2
      Yes, everyone knows where the dumplings came from, it just painfully took root with us and the original dumplings of China and ours, these are two big differences absolutely ... it's about dumplings .... and you are not my brother, much less your sister)))
    2. voyaka uh
      voyaka uh 11 February 2020 23: 39
      -1
      Duc ... surprised. And Ancient Egypt, the Aryans founded the Great Slavs.
      The pan-Slavs with a Gaplo-Aryan Klesov pumped roof went long and solid.
      laughing
      The worse things are with the economy, the crazier are ideology and pseudo-history.
      (In many countries, not only in Russia).