The outcome of the Kanjal battle and the eternal consequences

The outcome of the Kanjal battle and the eternal consequences

Design of the monument to Kurgoko Atazhukin


At the Kanzhal plateau, the troops of the Crimean Khan Kaplan I Giray suffered a crushing defeat. The khan himself only miraculously survived and fled from the scene of the battle, taking the remnants of the once mighty, but arrogant army. Kabardians rejoiced at the scene of the battle. For many years, the enemy, which over and over ruined their lands, was finally defeated. The dagger was littered with thousands of corpses. For several days, Kabardinians, exhausted by battle, wandered around the battlefield, looking for trophies and survivors, both their own and their enemies.

According to Shore Nogmov, they discovered Alegot Pasha, who, unconscious and desperate, fled from the battlefield and fell from a cliff. Halfway to death, Alegoth clung to a tree and ended up ending his days head down. Recent studies have shown that under the name Alegoth, the noble Nogai Murza Allaguvat was hiding.

Death statistics are scary, though vague


The concrete results of the battle in terms of dry statistics are no less vague than the battle itself. The participant of the battle Tatarhan Bekmurzin indicated the following data:

“And the troops of the Crimeans were beaten eleven thousand. The khan himself left in the same caftan with small people, while others were killed from the mountains without a fight. Soltan was captured, and many of their Murzes and ordinary Crimeans, four thousand horses and armor set, 14 guns, 5 bombs, a lot of squeakers and took all of their powder. And the tents that they have are all taken. ”



No less destructive consequences of the defeat of the Crimean Khan in Kabarda are described by a French traveler, writer, and at the same time an agent of the Swedish king Charles XII, who carefully watched the events on the southern borders of Russia:

“Porta gave her consent to these events (punitive expedition), and the great sovereign (sultan) gave the khan 600 wallets, along with a hat and a saber decorated with diamonds, as is the practice when he undertakes some kind of big campaigns. After that (the Crimean Khan), having gathered an army of more than 100 all kinds of Tatars (exaggeration - author's note), which I mentioned above, moved to Circassia ...

The moon, which some Circassians adore and worship, revealed their enemies to them, and they chopped up so many people that only those who jumped on their horses and reached the steppe, clearing the battlefield of the Circassians, managed to escape. The Khan, who was at the head of the fugitives, left his brother, one son, his field tools, tents and luggage. ”


Kalmyk Khan Ayuk, who had close contacts with the Russians and met even with the boyar Boris Golitsyn and the governor of Astrakhan and Kazan, Lieutenant General Pyotr Saltykov, in a personal conversation with the Russian ambassador, said that in the battle the Kabardians killed up to hundreds of the best murza khan and captured Khan's son.

One way or another, but now the numbers of personnel losses directly vary from 10 thousand soldiers to 60 fantastic and even 100 thousand. The last figures are extremely unlikely, because the terrain itself could neither feed the cavalry with its pastures, nor place all the fighters.


Sultan Ahmed III

Soon news circled the Black Sea coast and reached Constantinople. Sultan Ahmed III was angry. He was preparing to enter the war with Russia and was in fact an ally of the Swedish king Charles XII, waging the Northern War. Naturally, after such a campaign, Kaplan I Giray, who fled from the battlefield, was immediately deposed. And the reason was not even that the campaign, which was to bring considerable benefits to the Crimean Khanate and Porte, was a failure. And not that the Kabardinians made money from Turkish gold and killed part of the army. The trouble for Constantinople and the vassal of Bakhchisarai was the fact that Kabarda did not just rebel, which was suppressed more than once, but showed that it could successfully defeat the Turkish-Tatar army. In addition, at least for the coming year, the Port lost a stream of slaves and slaves that enriched the Ottoman treasury.

Sensitivity of international politics


Naturally, the defeat that led to the immediate change of the khan, the son of Selim Girey, respected among the Crimean Tatars, could not but have serious geopolitical consequences. Just at the very time when Kaplan lost part of his army in Kabarda, the Ottoman Empire and the Crimean Khanate were already negotiating with the Swedes about the time of entry into the war. Such a contradictory union of the Christian king with the Crimean Khan and the Ottoman Sultan should not confuse anyone. Porta and the Crimean Khanate have always been extremely sensitive to the possibility of striking at Russia.


For example, back in the 90s of the 16th century, the Crimean Khan of Gaza II Giray, with the knowledge of the Ottoman "authorities", was in full contact with the Swedish king Sigismund I, and later, assuring the Russian tsars of friendship, invaded Russian lands with devastating raids. The “friendship” did not weaken even later, when Khan Dzhanibek Girey supported Poland in the Smolensk War. True, the same Swedish Sigismund I, who ruled under the name of Sigismund III, was then sitting on the throne of Poland.

However, even in 1942, when Germany destroyed people in the camps and was eager for Moscow, Turkey did its utmost to help the Nazis, including in the transfer of saboteurs and spies across the border. In addition, the Turks concentrated over 20 divisions on the border with the USSR, waiting for the arrival of the Allied Nazis or hoping to stab the Russians in the back.

With the beginning of the Northern War, Russia did its best to maintain peaceful relations with the Ottoman Empire, approved by the Treaty of Constantinople. It was clear to everyone that sooner or later the Port, of course, would strike from the south, but in order to postpone this moment, everything was possible. Count and Ambassador of Russia to Constantinople, Peter Andreevich Tolstoy, in order to prevent a war in the south, was forced to bribe the greedy Ottoman dignitaries-schemers. But the temptation to strike at Russia was still great. And for this they wanted to use the same Crimean Khanate.

As a result, a major defeat in the Battle of Kanzhal, depriving the Khanate of Kabarda, significantly reduced the fighting efficiency of the Ottoman Crimea. In addition, in that situation it was hard to expect that Bakhchisaray would be able to recruit the same number of Nogais and other tribes of the North Caucasus for a raid on Russia as before. As a result, the Battle of Kanzhal is considered one of the reasons why the Crimean Khanate, always ready to respond to the European campaign against Moscow, did not participate in the legendary Poltava.


Elbrus from the Canjal plateau

Peter the Great also drew attention to the slaughter near Kanzhal. The Russian ambassadors began to penetrate into Kabarda, and a new stage in the interaction of Kabardins and Russians slowly began. These relations could even become a full-fledged entry of Kabarda into Russia, if not for the internal strife of the Kabardian princes and some external factors.

The brave Kurgoko Atazhukin died in 1709, surrounded by the glory and love of the people. Kurgoko simply did not have time to realize the potential of victory in the battle with the invaders to rally all the princes of Kabarda. As soon as he closed his eyes, a deep split among the Kabardinians had already begun to brew. By 1720, two parties were even formed: Baksan (the new prince-valiy of Kabarda Atajuko Misostov, princes Islam Misostov and Bamat Kurgokin) and Kashkhatauskaya (princes Aslanbek Kaitukin, Tatarkhan and Batoko Bekmurziny). The civil strife was so destructive that, in turn, the princes from both parties turned for help in the struggle to either Moscow or the Crimean Khanate.

Bloody Kanzhal ready to repeat?


In September 2008, in the Kabardino-Balkarian Republic, a group of Kabardinians, participants in the equestrian procession in honor of the 300th anniversary of the victory in the Battle of Kanzhal, headed towards Kanzhal. At night, in the area of ​​the village of Zayukovo, several cars of residents of the village of Kendelen drove up to a group of riders. Kendelen is located at the entrance to the gorge of the Gundelen River, which is the "road" to Kanzhal. The Kendelenites shouted that "this is the land of Balkaria" and "get out on the Black Sea, in Zikhia." In the morning, the road to Kendelen was blocked by a crowd of people, according to the march participants, armed with armature and carbines. A couple of days lasted a confrontation with the involvement of republican persons and employees of the Ministry of Internal Affairs. As a result, the procession continued, but under guard.

The same situation arose in 2018, when the Kabardians again gathered to hold a memorable procession, now to the 310th anniversary of the Battle of Kanzhal. At the same village of Kendelen, they were blocked by local residents with placards "There was no Kanjal battle." Kabardinians from other parts of the republic began to gather at Kendelen. The confrontation was so heated that the arrived fighters of the Russian Guard were forced to use tear gas, there is also evidence of firing in the air.


Clashes at Kendelen

The causes of these conflicts, threatening to erupt in a serious ethnic flame, are extremely deep. Firstly, the Balkars, who make up almost 100% of the village of Kendelen, belong to the Turkic-speaking peoples, and the Kabardins - to the Abkhaz-Adyghe peoples. In addition, back in 1944, the Balkars underwent deportation, officially - for collaboration. And in 1957, the people were returned to their native lands, which, of course, led to a hot alteration of pastures and other disputes.

Secondly, before the accession of the North Caucasus to Russia, Kabardian influence on neighboring peoples and tribes was enormous, they levied tribute and considered even many Chechen and Ossetian societies as their vassals, etc. As a result, the most freedom-loving residents were forced to go higher into the mountains with their meager pastures and difficult climate. With the advent of the empire, the highlanders began to be relocated to the flat part, where they occupied lands that the Kabardians had considered their own for centuries, with all the ensuing consequences.

Thirdly, the Kanzhal battle, which plays a huge role for Kabardian self-identification and is a symbol of heroism and the struggle for independence, is perceived by the Balkars as a promising threat of land acquisition in the Kanzhal region in favor of exclusively Kabardians.

These long-standing grievances are extremely painful, therefore the prejudice of some Balkars in the fact that the Battle of Kanzhal was not at all growing. More moderate Balkars, however, believe that Kanzhal was only one of the battles in the framework of the feudal war. The former cite the lack of mention of the battle in Kabardian folklore. The latter argue their position by the fact that even some Circassians came out on the side of the Turkish-Tatar army, although similar situations were standard for that time. Even the conclusion of the Military Center is not capable of shaking these weak positions. stories IRI RAS, which, on the basis of an analysis of historical documents, came to the conclusion that the Battle of Kanzhal not only took place, but also "is of paramount importance in the national history of Kabardins, Balkars and Ossetians."


Rallies in Nalchik

Such a tense situation is slowly overgrowing with characteristic ethnic claims. Increasingly, the Balkars are accusing them of "dominance of Kabardins in leading posts," historians who claim Kanzhal as an undeniably accomplished event receive threats. Kabardinians are not far behind. In September 2018, after another conflict near the village of Kendelen, the confrontation continued in the capital - Nalchik. Opposite the building of the government of the republic, about two hundred young people gathered, waving Circassian flags (not the flag of the republic!) And chanting: “Adygs, go ahead!”

The piquancy to the situation is given by the fact that Kabardinians have been struggling for a year to permit the installation of the monument to Kurgoko Atazhukin in Nalchik. At the same time, there is already a project of the monument, and the initiators themselves are proposing to take all the costs for installation on themselves. Hope for a positive solution to this issue is instilled by the fact that the memorial stone of the monument has already been laid, although the hope is weak, because the stone was laid 12 years ago.

The appearance of the necessary number of provocateurs on the part of our "peace-loving" neighbors to incite ethnic hatred is simply a matter of time.
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  1. kjhg 6 February 2020 07: 01 New
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    Yes, where many small nations live side by side, the story is always complicated. Therefore, the state in such situations always needs to act as an arbiter and peacemaker. Otherwise, rivers of blood will flow again.
    Thanks to the author again for an interesting article.
    1. Olgovich 6 February 2020 10: 19 New
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      yy
      Quote: kjhg
      Yes, where there are many small nations side by side, the story is always complicated.

      There are many national REPUBLICS side by side. And according to their constitutions, it’s State. Created them in 1918-1940

      Under the Russian Empire, the forerunners of these republics — national khanates, etc. — were eliminated and administrative Terskaya, Kuban, Dagestan area, which largely smoothed out the contradictions of the peoples that have become part of unified country.
      1. fyvaprold 6 February 2020 17: 09 New
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        Quote: Olgovich
        And according to their constitutions, these are states.

        Have you ever read their constitutions? Clearly, no. Otherwise, they wouldn’t write a game. By the way, there are not a lot of republics in the Caucasus, but only 6 pieces, but there are really many indigenous peoples, 36 in Dagestan alone. Visit the Caucasus, and then write a blizzard. You are probably the natives of the Caucasus exclusively by market traders know, which, incidentally, is 99% from the Caucasus. And finally, whoever doesn’t know “Caucasian” is such a breed of shepherd, and people are “natives of the Caucasus”.
        1. Olgovich 7 February 2020 10: 00 New
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          Quote: fyvaprold
          Have you ever read their constitutions? Clearly, no.

          I read it, but you, judging by your Nonsense, obviously, NO.

          In all the constitutions of the republics indicate that they are STATES.
          Got it, no? no
          Quote: fyvaprold
          And finally, whoever doesn’t know “Caucasian” is such a breed of shepherd, and people are “natives of the Caucasus”.

          And? belay fool
          1. fyvaprold 7 February 2020 19: 55 New
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            Quote: Olgovich
            I read it, but you, judging by your Nonsense, obviously, NO.

            All constitutions of the republics indicate that they are STATES.
            Got it, no?

            At least you would not misinterpret. Republics are not the states, states in the Russian Federationthat is sickly such a difference. Got it, no?
            Quote: Olgovich
            And?

            Write down for general development. laughing
            1. Olgovich 8 February 2020 10: 18 New
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              Quote: fyvaprold
              Republics are not states, the states

              belay fool lol
              Quote: fyvaprold
              Write down for general development.

              What! belay
      2. Volzhanin64 6 February 2020 18: 17 New
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        That's right, I think that in Russia there should be no national republics. and not only in the Caucasus, but enlarged entities without emphasizing national characteristics.
      3. rich 6 February 2020 20: 09 New
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        Olgovich: Under the Russian Empire, the forerunners of these republics — national khanates, etc. — were eliminated and the administrative Terek, Kuban, and Dagestan regions were formed, which in many ways smoothed out the contradictions of the peoples that became part of a single country

        Thera Territory is an administrative unit of the Russian Empire, a territory that belonged to the Terek Cossack Army. It existed in the years 1860-1920. Army capital - Art. Chervlennaya.
        Administrative center Vladikavkaz
        historical emblem of the Tersky region of RI

        The territory was divided into
        4 regimental districts (lines):
        Volga, Gorsko-Mozdoksky, Sunzhensko-Vladikavkaz and Kizlyar-Grebensky
        and 11 departments:
        Vladikavkaz
        Grebenskoy
        Grozny
        Kizlyarsky
        Nalchik
        Stavropolsky
        Pyatigorsk
        Sunzhensky
        Khasavyurt
        Vedeno
        Nazranovsky.
        The territory occupied about 2 009 047 ha
        Heads (governors) of the region - punishment chieftains of the Terek Cossack army
        National composition in 1899
        Cossacks 30.6%
        Chechens 23,9%
        nonresident Ossetians 9,4%
        Kabardinians 9,0%
        Russian nonresident 5,9%
        Ingush 5,1%
        Nogais 3,7%
        Kumyks 3,3%
        Balkars and Tatars 2,9%
        nonresident malorosy 2,1%
        Avars 1,6%
        Kalmyks 1,2%
        Germans 0,5%
        Poles 0,3%
        Armenians 0,3%
        Persians 0,2%
      4. Zaurbek 29 March 2020 16: 53 New
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        Having previously evicted these peoples to the Middle East ...
  2. Lamata 6 February 2020 07: 06 New
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    Thanks to the author for the article. But the current situation, well, wildness has not yet been eradicated.
    1. rich 6 February 2020 21: 59 New
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      Many thanks to the author. Wonderful cycle. "East wind" as always on top good
  3. Pessimist22 6 February 2020 07: 24 New
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    The quasvkaz is the eternal problem of Russia, it is not clear what will happen after 24 years.
    1. Zaurbek 29 March 2020 16: 55 New
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      Without law and order common to the Russian Federation, it would be bad.
  4. rocket757 6 February 2020 08: 10 New
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    Yeah, long-standing conflicts are a problem now !!! When there are those who want to heat them up in a new way and cash in on that!
    Look for who benefits and chop those "tails" mercilessly! There is no other way.
    1. Lexus 6 February 2020 14: 19 New
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      Look for who benefits and chop those "tails" mercilessly!

      Victor hi Not only tails, but also mustaches. Take Erdogan to those memorable places. Show how in our area pan-Turkic initiatives look. Take (with you) Jamilev and Chubarov. Yes, and cut them there "hair", and the last two - along with a brainless head. Visually outline, so to speak, prospects.
      Thanks to the author for interesting articles! good
      1. rocket757 6 February 2020 14: 38 New
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        Alexey soldier We generally have MANY and much needs to be shown, told ...
        I don’t even want to talk about foreign parish-d-makers. They can only be transported to cemeteries where their ancestors were dug up.
        Here OWN, as it were, it is necessary to bring books, history, chronicles to similar and other historical, memorable places ... or else they carry such that you often start to doubt whether this is a person at all ??? Because before it seemed that a person could not sink to such a thing.
      2. Catfish 6 February 2020 19: 30 New
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        Lesh, hi! Until the ninety-first year, no one had a clue that there was something else beside the Armenians and Georgians, and now it went wrong: "Every lieutenant is Bonaparte, every cornet is the prince of Savoy." (FROM).
        To give free rein there, and the path cut each other from the heart, proving their own identity. Century would not see them all with their stupid troubles. drinks
        1. Lexus 6 February 2020 19: 52 New
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          Kostya, hi! When I served in the Caucasus, I watched a joke many times, as Caucasians are trying to find out their nationality from each other. Even if the "identifiable" on the "helm-helm" answered correctly, it is far from the fact that "his". For they live compactly and the neighboring dialect languages ​​understand and know. Only when the relationship is sorted out, they would rather kill the Russian who rushed to separate them, than each other. For if this happens, then - blood vengeance relies. And they bake for their own skin, as for the most valuable. And, on the contrary, the conscience and the given word, especially to the foreigner, are not quoted at all. This must always be remembered.

          About the same with the Central Asians. True, I've already seen enough of these here ...
          1. Catfish 6 February 2020 20: 40 New
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            So I'm talking about this. Was it necessary to climb there in due time in order to hang on your neck an eternal problem with these "animals"? It’s like a village toilet, it’s worth throwing yeast there and boils again. Ugh! soldier
        2. Zaurbek 29 March 2020 16: 56 New
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          They didn’t know in Moscow or the outback .... and the Armenians and Georgians themselves were very interested ..... and the educated people of the Empire too.
  5. Molot1979 6 February 2020 08: 54 New
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    So I did not understand, an article about the Battle of Kanzhaly, or about what reptiles are Crimean Tatars and Turks? Author, decide. As for the groans about how the Swedes and the Turks unnaturally agreed, I will remind you that in politics, profit dominates, not ideology. Here, the Moscow Grand Dukes, too, did not stop anything from making friendship with the Crimean Khanate against Lithuania and Poland. And nothing, neither the crescent, nor the cross fell off from places of worship.
  6. Operator 6 February 2020 10: 57 New
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    As far as I know, at the moment, the majority of the population in Kabardino-Balkaria is Russian, not Adyghe-Kabardin and Türkic-Balkars. Therefore, it is necessary to push the Circassians and Turks into the far box and their "eternal" problem will be resolved by itself.
    1. AK1972 6 February 2020 12: 35 New
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      No, Andrey. Russians in the CBD are not the majority. Most of them are Kabardins, Russians are the second largest, Balkars are slightly less than Russians. In addition, Ossetians, Turks, Circassians, Circassians, Armenians, Chechens, etc. live in the CBD. Kabardinians and Balkars mutually hate each other and neither one nor the other has particularly warm feelings for Russians (if you take in general), in particular at the household and neighborly level, both Kabardinians and Balkars can be friends with Russians, but never with each other because these are ethnically and linguistically alien peoples. Kabardinians perfectly understand the Circassians, and the Balkars, on the contrary, are Karachais. It is not clear to me by what principle alien peoples united in one republic. I have relatives in the CBD and I have often visited them, so I wrote everything that I wrote. Many thanks to the author for the excellent articles.
      1. Operator 6 February 2020 12: 50 New
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        So what’s the problem - you need to send the Circassians-Kabardins to Syria (where their Circassian relatives have lived since the mid-19th century) to strengthen the Assad government laughing
        1. Kuchuk ulagai 6 February 2020 13: 54 New
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          In Poland, there are also several Russian villages, do not want to go there
        2. Kuchuk ulagai 6 February 2020 13: 56 New
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          Ass vigat from the word ass mankurt
          1. rich 6 February 2020 21: 52 New
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            Operator (Andrey): So what's the problem - you need to send the Circassians-Kabardins to Syria (where their Circassian relatives have lived since the mid-19th century) to strengthen the Assad government laughing

            Not funny. From the word at all.
            Kabardinians are a people with a glorious and tragic history. The great Kabarda was the most powerful state in the Caucasus. And hundreds of years friendly to Russia. There were Kabardins and Russian tsarina.
            500 years ago, the princes of Great Kabarda gave land for settlement ataman Uray to the Ryazan Cossacks. So there was Grebenskoe, and then Terek Cossacks.

            Throughout the history of Great Kabarda, Cossacks and Circassians were friends and faithful allies ... Until the Caucasian War began
            By the middle of the XNUMXth century, the territorial expansion of the Russian Empire reached the Caucasus. With the voluntary accession to Russia of the weak Transcaucasian territories (the so-called "Georgia", that is, the "kingdoms" of Kartli-Kakheti, Imereti, etc.), the situation worsened - the Caucasus turned out to be a barrier between Russia and its Transcaucasian possessions.
            In the second half of the 18th century, the Russian Empire switched to active military operations to conquer the Caucasus. This made war inevitable with the dominant country of the Caucasus - Circassia. For many years she was a consistent and reliable ally of Russia, but she could not give up her independence to anyone. Thus, the Circassians, the people of warriors, faced a clash with the strongest empire in the world. The reason for the war was the construction on the territory of Kabarda of a Russian fortress in the tract Mozdok. Terek, Ural, Oreburg and most of the Don Cossacks in circles refused to fight with their allies the Circassians, about which the corresponding petitions were filed The empire had to introduce an army and Little Russian Cossacks to Laba and the Kuban. This war lasted more than a hundred years.
            After the war, the Circassian population did not exceed 60 thousand people. Yes, the Circassians lost this war. By its consequences, it was a real national disaster for them. Over 90% of the population and about 9/10 of all lands were lost. But who can reproach the Circassian people in that, sparing himself, did not defend his homeland? That until the last warrior he fought for every inch of this land? In the whole history of Circassia, the ONLY army, which managed, at the cost of tremendous sacrifices and incredible exertion of forces, to occupy this territory was the Russian army, and even that was possible to do this only by expelling virtually the entire Circassian population.
            BUT CHERKESS (ADYG) PEOPLE WAS NOT DISAPPEARED! He survived, in spite of everything, and confidently embarks on the path of rebirth!
            According to the 2002 census, the Circassians (Adygea), for the first time after the Russo-Circassian war, again became the largest people of the Caucasus. The Circassian diaspora totals, according to various estimates, from 5 to 7 million people who maintain their national identity.
            1. Andobor 7 February 2020 10: 56 New
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              The tragedy of the Circassians was largely due to natural causes, - as a result of climatic changes - increased humidity, they lost a significant part of their landscape, the pastures were overgrown with forest, the snow was higher until mid-summer, everything rots in the valleys and washes away. These changes practically did not affect the eastern Adyghe people - the Kabardins, they are the most numerous and least affected Adygs, in Kakvkaz to the east the humidity decreases, and their landscape was not badly damaged.
    2. rich 6 February 2020 20: 23 New
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      AK1972 (Alexey) : Russians in the CBD are not the majority. Most of the Kabardians

      The population of Kabardino-Balkaria:

      Kabardinians perfectly understand the Circassians

      So the exo-ethnonym of Kabardians, Abkhazians, Jochet, Circassians is Circassian. All these fraternal peoples are the historical descendants of the state of Great Kabarda
      1. AK1972 7 February 2020 08: 24 New
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        I do not see the contradiction of the table you provided to my comment.
        1. rich 7 February 2020 14: 26 New
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          No contradiction, Alex. The table is presented in confirmation of your comment.
          Best regards
          Dmitriy
          1. AK1972 7 February 2020 15: 41 New
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            Thank you Dmitry. Have a nice weekend!
      2. Bbc world russia 11 February 2020 06: 29 New
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        Neither the state of “Great Kabarda” nor “Great Circassia” has ever existed, what is it about? What is greatness there? They never won anything, they didn’t give any discoveries to the world. The only thing that they married everyone, God forgive me, is for the Turks, for the Tatars, for the Russians, for the Nogais. In the well-known history, before the Republic of Ingushetia, there were one after another in the SevKav: the Alanian kingdom, the Great Bulgaria Kubrat Khan, the Khazar Khaganate, also ruled there by the Tatar-Mongols. There were no other states in the SevKav, it is known.
      3. Zaurbek 29 March 2020 16: 59 New
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        The general name itself is Adygea.
  7. viktor.hugoev 7 February 2020 19: 04 New
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    Contradictory story. None of the neighbors: Chechens, Ossetians, Balkars, Karachais, Dagestanis, Ingushs did not have information about this battle and did not have it, as well as the Kabardians themselves. In SevKav, nobody really heard of this battle. For Kabardian politicians, led by Arsen Kanokov, this story began to live in the early XNUMXs and for all neighbors was an unexpected revelation.
    Remarque: the business of the former head of the republic A. Kanokov, before being elected president, was within the sphere of influence of the interests of the Balkarian politician and “authoritative businessman” Kuanch Babaev, who tragically died in a car accident two years before A. Kanokov became president of the republic. This state of affairs, of course, did not suit all parties, but A. Kanokov apparently was not able to control the authority of K. Babayev and his business remained in the sphere of interests of K. Babayev until his tragic death.
    Having taken the post of president of the republic and perhaps bearing in mind the old, or perhaps just out of a desire to expand his business, A. Kanokov repeatedly made attempts to include the original Balkar land in the Kabardian municipalities, but he did not succeed in putting this into practice. Naturally, the attempts were accompanied by conflicts.
    Speaking of deportation, the author should clarify that a false denunciation of the neighbors of the Balkars was made on February 23, 1944, signed by Kumekhov Z.D., 1st Secretary of the Kabardino-Balkarian Regional Committee of the CPSU (B.), In the name of Beria, “ Information about the state of the Balkar regions of the KBASSR. ” In which, in particular, the activities and the number of Balkar gangs on the territory of the KBASSR were described.
    The gangs actively collaborated with the Germans and received weapons and products from them. Their main goal was to counter Soviet power. But also bandits attacked collective farm cats, stole cattle, took weapons from the guards and food from the collective farmers. 1737 people were operationally registered with the NKVD KBASSR and the NKGB KBASSR. The inquiry ended with the words: “Based on the foregoing, we consider it necessary to resolve the issue of the possibility of resettling the Balkars outside the KBASSR”
    The piquancy of the deportation story is that when the archives of the times of the USSR were declassified, it turned out that Kabardian party workers provided assistance to the German troops. You can hear the details here: https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=YxQbp_DDumc&list=WL&index=7&t=0s
    I also recall that the Kabardian writer and participant of the Second World War A. Keshokov in his literary work "Broken Horseshoe" described in detail the meeting of the Nazis by the Kabardian public. After the publication of the publication, A. Keshokov from the Kabardian political circles was persecuted and forced to live in exile in Moscow, right up to his advanced senile years, unable to return to his homeland.
    As for the Balkarian people, after analyzing all the circumstances, all charges of treason were dropped.
    On November 14, 1989, the Declaration of the Supreme Soviet of the USSR was adopted, in which all the repressed peoples of the RSFSR were rehabilitated and the repressive acts against them at the state level were declared illegal and criminal.
    In 1991, the RSFSR Law "On the Rehabilitation of Repressed Peoples" was adopted, which defines the rehabilitation of peoples subjected to mass repressions in the USSR as recognition and exercise of their right to restore the territorial integrity that existed before the forced redrawing of borders.
    In 1993, the government of the Russian Federation adopted a resolution "On the socio-economic support of the Balkarian people."
    In 1994, Russian President Boris Yeltsin signed a decree "On measures to rehabilitate the Balkarian people and state support for its revival and development."
    Source: https://www.kavkaz-uzel.eu/articles/176100/
    © Caucasian Knot
    Increasingly, the Balkarians are accusing them of "the dominance of Kabardins in leading posts" - this is the case, in the North Caucasus it is well known.
    Let us return to the times more distant and the battle itself:
    "Secondly, before the accession of the North Caucasus to Russia, the Kabardian influence on neighboring peoples and tribes was enormous" - this is of course loudly said and does not correspond to reality.
    The fact is that the Kabardians themselves were tributaries of the Crimean khans, as well as the Nogai Khans. Persecuted from different directions, they were forced to constantly move across the region from place to place. For this reason, unlike the neighboring peoples, residential buildings of villages, battle towers, etc., are absent from the Kabardins. Due to frequent migrations in the region, they lived in short-term dwellings, like clay mud huts.
    An example of the constructions of Ossetia:
    https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=pKQiu7lkerg
    Balkaria:
    https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=Te0CFllleEc
    Ingushetia:
    https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=7_sQJ65KDfY
    It should be noted that not a single people of the SevKav was territorially, politically, or economically included in the sphere of influence of the Crimean khans, while the Kabardins were tributaries of the Crimean Tatars from the time when they lived on the Black Sea coast and Taman. In the North Caucasus, this is well known to every nation in the region: the Ingush, Chechens, Ossetians, etc.
    Considering the above about the territorial influence of the Crimean khans, it becomes obvious that the Tatars steppes go to the mountains to receive tribute from the Kabardians, it makes no sense. Kabardinians, inhabitants of the foothill plains, never lived in the mountains, so the Tatars go to the mountains after them - it sounds quite crazy.
    It is also worth mentioning that the Balkarian mountain range Kanzhol could not physically contain the numbers of 10, 60, or even more than 100 thousand people, and this was not taking into account horses, carts, etc. Who had to go to Kanzhol well understand what is at stake. Rugged mountainous terrain, completely unsuitable for battle at all. Moreover, not a single artifact: the remains of the fallen soldiers, horses, arrows and other things that could indicate the battle is not present, and provided that the battle was there, then there can be no artifacts of them ... but they are not, were not found were.
    Given all of the above, to say the Battle of Kanzhal "is of paramount importance in the national history of Kabardians, Balkars and Ossetians" is not possible. Moreover, after the expected date of the battle, the Kabardians continued to pay tribute to the Crimean khans for many more years, this is known.
    1. Karen 9 February 2020 06: 32 New
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      Quote: viktor.hugoev
      after the expected date of the battle, the Kabardinians continued to pay tribute to the Crimean khans for many more years, this is known.

      13 years after this date ... There was a big devastating campaign by the troops of the hodgepodge of the Crimean Khan and the Highlanders of the Caucasus to Persia and Transcaucasia, where the Elbrus man Daud also noted (if I remember his name correctly) .... Interestingly, after a year- two ... Peter sent 10000 of his soldiers to help Georgian formations to give an answer ...
      1. viktor.hugoev 10 February 2020 17: 13 New
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        "Elbrusman Daud" - this name is not familiar ...
        1. Karen 10 February 2020 17: 16 New
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          I was too lazy to clarify ... The robbery against the "apostates" is described in detail in the Kaima work Bedreddin zade ...
          1. Azmet Tlejas 11 February 2020 09: 55 New
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            The name Daud interested. I went here, did not find that name there. http://www.vostlit.info/Texts/Dokumenty/Persien/XVIII/1700-1720/Bedreddin_zade_ali_bey/text1.phtml?id=12451
            1. Karen 11 February 2020 10: 00 New
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              I read Kaima 30+ years ago, I could be wrong ... But I definitely remember that from the top there was a man from Elbrus ...
              There is another point ... Maybe I read this name in a comment on this publication ...
              And yes ... 1700 - 1720 ... The campaign was in 1721/22 ... Did they read "Kaim" there?
              1. Azmet Tlejas 11 February 2020 10: 16 New
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                I clicked on the link, there is a heading: BEDREDINZADE ALI BEY. KAIME
                “KAIME” BEDREDDINZADE ALI BEY ... Dauda did not find there.
                Interested in the fact that if a person is from Elbrus, this suggests nationality. In this case, it could not have been a Kabardian. Although it may be the author’s mistake is simple.
                1. Karen 11 February 2020 10: 21 New
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                  I remember, about 15 years ago, it was possible to download Kaim on the Internet ... Surely it’s possible now ...
                  I’m not too lazy, I will somehow find that magazine, and I’ll refresh the comments for myself too ... I remember there, it was written in the commentary that the Persian shah forbade Vakhtang to give an answer right away ...
  8. Bbc world russia 10 February 2020 17: 20 New
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    The topic is unpleasant and honestly admitted already fed up. Nevertheless, in a nutshell, for general clarity, for those who are not up to date and would like to clarify for themselves.
    From the time of the USSR and right up to zero, Kabardians never mentioned this event at all, whether it was or was not. It is also unknown to any neighboring people: neither for Chechens, nor for Ingush, nor for Ossetians, nor for Dagestanis.
    For the Balkars, the point here is not at all the Kanzhal battle. All the same, the Balkars did not have this battle or not.
    The topic began to live after the occupation of the presidential chair of the KBR A. Kanokov, who had previously had vital difficulties with the Balkarian criminal authority K. Babaev. This is well known both to the Kabardians and Balkars themselves, and to all their neighbors. Simply put, A. Kanokov was forced to pay a certain percentage of profit from his business to K. Babaev. It is clear that nobody will like this, but A. Kanokov was unable to control the authority of K. Babaev.
    Now we can draw different conclusions, but one way or another, after occupying the presidency, A. Kanokov poured all the bitterness of his soul onto the tracks, crookedly set by the nat. politics, plus his personal homegrown ambitions. By that time, K. Babaev was no longer alive, he died in a car accident. Consequently, the hands of A. Kanokov began to be untied, at least for the term of his presidency. And then Ostap, that is A. Kanokov, which is called incurred.
    He began to make intensified attempts to seize the lands on which the historical Balkars lived. Land commercially profitable: ski resorts of Elbrus region and several others. Moreover, he did this bypassing federal laws, carefully masking his good neighborly plans under various specious pretexts. For example, somehow: that same notorious battle of Kanzhal. Fortunately, he did not succeed, the people stood up for their legitimate interests, and his presidency had long since sunk into the summer. The sad thing is that he was supported by the Kabardian people, not one of the Kabardinians stood up and spoke out openly against this masquerade.
    About the events in Köndelen: the Kabardians who had never remembered about it (the battle) before the village began to mark its date, while the horse procession for some reason had to ride with Kabardian flags and shouting nat. slogans precisely through the Balkar village ... The inhabitants of the village explained to the procession, it was agreed that people would proceed to their destination past the village. We agreed, and agreed on that. All would be fine, but, the next day, the numerous Kabardian youth gathered and without warning arrived at Köndelen. No one expected this and did not expect anything like it.
    Simply put, it was a "neighborly" stab in the back. The villagers who did not expect anything, mostly women and the elderly (men who are at work, etc.), were forced to defend their homes. An old woman was injured, one old man was punched in his head, both were hospitalized. Similar to SevKav it is nonsense (!) To raise a hand on an old man an unprecedented business for SevKav. It remains on conscience and an eternal spot on those who did it.
    1. Azmet Tlejas 11 February 2020 10: 20 New
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      K. Babaev, is it not Comrade Mushegh Azatyan and Rafael Baghdasaryan? Or am I confusing what?
      1. Bbc world russia 11 February 2020 19: 23 New
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        Yes. Do not confuse.