What are the economies of the EU Eastern Europe: facts about neighbors on the continent


In the view of some of our fellow citizens, the fact that any country belongs to the European Union is a XNUMX% guarantee that most of its inhabitants live, if not completely comfortable, then, in any case, very well off. In fact, everything is far from so simple. Membership in the EU does not automatically mean prosperity and prosperity for any state. And for its population is not a guarantee of the absence of pressing social and economic problems. In reality, everything looks a little different.


Strictly speaking, it would be completely incorrect to talk about life in Western Europe, trying to make comparisons with domestic realities. Therefore, let's first try to figure out how they live in the eastern part of the Old World, where most of the states of the so-called post-Soviet space are located, with which we have much more in common. So it will be fairer ... In this case, for a start, it is worth mentioning that the same United Nations Organization includes exactly 10 countries as “classical” Eastern Europe: Russia, Belarus, Ukraine, Moldova, Bulgaria, Hungary, Poland, Romania, Slovakia and the Czech Republic . Well, we are not talking about our country. We will not talk about Belarus with Ukraine and Moldova either - that is Europe ... And they are not EU members, so they have nothing to do with our topic. Some of the truth, among the "Eastern Europeans" also ranks among the inhabitants of the Baltic, but we certainly will not touch them now. Well, his ... We confine ourselves to the UN list.

Among all the countries mentioned, there are perhaps three that are truly prosperous: the Czech Republic, Slovakia, and Poland. They are referred to states with the so-called "Central European" standard of living, where, again, the average wage is close to 900-1000 euros. To the "big" and rich neighbors like Germany, Denmark or even France, where the level of the same salaries "starts" from 2 thousand euros and reaches 3 thousand, they are, of course, far away. But they live, do not complain. True, at the same time, they are massively leaving for work in more prosperous regions, like the same Poles, forced to make up for the decline in their own workforce by complaisant Ukrainian migrant workers or Czechs who prefer to work in Germany or Austria.

So how do the economies of the EU countries of Eastern Europe live - neighbors on the continent.

The Czech Republic is, of course, the automobile giant Skoda, a strong chemical industry, the strongest tourism industry in Eastern Europe, which gives huge revenue to the budget. Well, and, of course, beer. Poland is generally a phenomenon of the European Union, where GDP has been continuously growing for 23 years, even after the crisis of 2008. Low unemployment, relatively high salaries. A country with well-developed agriculture, small business and trade. Slovakia feels confident mainly due to foreign investment and the arrival of giants such as Volkswagen, Peugeot, Kia Motors, Samsung Electronics, Sony. Again, tourism. And the country is small - it does not need much.

On this, in fact, the list of Eastern European "middle peasants" ends and the conversation begins about those countries that are forced to make ends meet. Hungary can’t be unambiguously attributed to poor countries. The country's economy is “pulled” by developed agriculture, pharmacology. But once upon a time they managed to ruin strong metallurgy there at all. It is also affected by the almost complete absence of own natural resources, of the same energy sources, on the import of which the country is very dependent on. In their time there, in pursuit of foreign investment, they gave great freedom to transnational corporations - and this is now also not doing the state good. Nevertheless, in comparison with the same Romania or Bulgaria, the affairs of the Hungarians are still very good.

The collapse of the socialist camp certainly did not benefit these two countries. It’s a strange thing — Romania, by its territory, is the largest in the region, possesses not weak reserves of “black gold”, extracts it, even produces equipment for oil fields, has recently been trying to develop tourism - but everything doesn’t stick, it’s impossible to get out of the list “Dysfunctional” countries, always waiting for subsidies and assistance from Brussels. With Bulgaria, things are even worse. It seems that there is a sea of ​​its own, and agriculture complete with a highly developed processing and food industry. And as the "bros" were among the European "rogues", they remain in this sad status to this day. Their resorts with neither Greek nor even Turkish compete, and no one really needs wine and field gifts in the EU trading system, which is severely regulated by quotas and permits. With gas, too, everything still does not work out. Perhaps the point is in the desire to please everyone at once and at once, over and over again leaving Sofia sideways?

But all these countries can proudly consider their blue flag with a ring of gold stars ... Well, what can I say? Europe - it is also different. At the same time, the same economic successes in Poland are primarily explained not by juicy apples, but by large loans from EU banks. But sooner or later, loans will have to be paid. And what will happen to the economies of the countries of the European Union in Eastern Europe in the case of 100% payments, is a separate issue.
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  1. bessmertniy 4 February 2020 07: 57 New
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    Primitively, the true alignment is as follows. But the author should reinforce his reasoning with statistics. By the way, Bulgaria and Romania in terms of per capita GDP are not so far behind such a developed state as Russia. By the way, Russian resorts are also somehow inferior to Turkish, Egyptian and Thai. hi
    1. 210ox 4 February 2020 08: 56 New
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      By the way, Romania per capita is even higher than Russia. For some reason, the author did not catch the Baltic states.
    2. The leader of the Redskins 4 February 2020 08: 58 New
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      The author crumpled and in his own way presented the information. I would like to ask him if he has ever been to Europe? At all?
      Hungary. The author forgot to mention very developed tourism - the most beautiful Budapest attracts travelers from all over the world! He did not mention Hungarian engineering either. Yes, Ikarus is not, but other European giants have come.
      And another plus of the countries of the European Union is the relocation in order to improve their material situation. After all, we also traveled north with the Union. And it was not considered shameful. So they are now.
      1. nickname7 9 February 2020 13: 00 New
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        The author crumpled and in his own way presented information

        At VO vacancies are open, but you did not go to them to write articles. Therefore, read what they give; there are no other authors on VO.
        1. The leader of the Redskins 9 February 2020 13: 27 New
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          If you look at my profile, you will find that I have about ten published articles. Some of them are just in Eastern Europe. But I describe what I see, and not do analyzes based on rumors.
    3. Krasnodar 4 February 2020 09: 02 New
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      Turkish - a lot of what and where inferior. Had a rest in Max Royal (both) - the price is decent, but you also feel in paradise on Earth. )))
      1. lucul 4 February 2020 11: 03 New
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        Turkish - a lot of what and where inferior. Had a rest in Max Royal (both) - the price is decent, but you also feel in paradise on Earth. )))

        Yes, the secret is simple - like three pennies - let vacationers amuse their Sense of Self-Grandeur (ChSV) and that's all - it is for them a paradise on Earth right away ....
        1. Krasnodar 4 February 2020 11: 09 New
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          The secret is much simpler - "free" XO cognacs and 25-year-old whiskeys are included in the money that you paid)) A free XNUMX-hour bar and sushi, three free-standing restaurants with cool food, an artificial sandy beach, every night a disco on this beach, (Ukrainian , mostly girls from the staff dance on the banks) every weekend a free concert of Russian or world stars, holiday dinners, landscape design, balconies with a jacuzzi hidden by reeds - why not paradise? laughing
          1. 1959ain 4 February 2020 12: 24 New
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            Quote: Krasnodar
            every weekend a free concert of Russian or world stars, holiday dinners, landscape design, balconies with a jacuzzi hidden by reeds - why not paradise?

            Paradise will end soon, the war with Turkey is not far off and houses from the latter’s earthquake
          2. ProkletyiPirat 4 February 2020 14: 26 New
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            Quote: Krasnodar
            The secret is much simpler - "free" XO cognacs and 25-year-old whiskeys are included in the money that you paid))

            The secret is actually even simpler, and it sounds like "on vacation you need to relax and not worry about" how much money will be taken off from me in the restaurant \ beach \ bath "," will there be a place on the beach ", etc.", this and there is the main all-inclusive feature, a person is not psychologically annoying about whether I have enough money for a return ticket? Will there be enough money for the water park? if there is enough money for * substitute what is needed * ... But at the World Cup you are tearing money for everything and everything, and the worst you have no idea who, how much and how many times will take money from you, as a result there is no psychological unloading Time relax...
            1. Krasnodar 4 February 2020 14: 34 New
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              That's right - moreover, I delayed after the checkout for a couple of hours, ate near the airport - after the guest it was a pity to pay at least some money for such a quality of food
    4. tihonmarine 4 February 2020 09: 13 New
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      Quote: bessmertniy
      By the way, Bulgaria and Romania in terms of per capita GDP are not so far behind such a developed state as Russia.

      But the salary in Romania in 1999 was 60 euros, Russia 63 (4 euros higher), but already in 2018 Romania 600 euros, and Russia 516 euros. Their prices are also lower (for products).
      1. lucul 4 February 2020 11: 07 New
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        Their prices are also lower (for products).

        So what ?
        My acquaintances were in Bulgaria a couple of years ago - and even fired up there to buy a two-storey house of 120 square meters on the beach. Moreover, the price of the baby is $ 15 in total. Until they found out - that the communal apartment, for such a house, you need to pay $ 000 monthly, that is, for the year you will give exactly $ 1.
        So much for Europe ....
        1. Yehudi Menuhin 4 February 2020 11: 15 New
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          No need to carry a blizzard. Firstly, for 15 yuro you can buy a coat, and secondly, a communal apartment in no way 000
          1. lucul 4 February 2020 11: 17 New
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            No need to carry a blizzard

            In Italy, some real estate (luxury by our standards) is generally sold for 1-2 euros)))
            1. Yehudi Menuhin 5 February 2020 08: 26 New
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              Yes it is. But there is a completely different case, is not it? )))
        2. tihonmarine 4 February 2020 11: 53 New
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          Quote: lucul
          So much for Europe ....

          That's why she and Europe, beautiful in appearance, and rotten from the inside.
          1. pytar 4 February 2020 12: 18 New
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            That's why she and Europe, beautiful in appearance, and rotten from the inside.

            Living for half a century in "bright" socialism, we waited for the West to rot! While waiting, our socialism has rotted ... Alas, we wait until the "rotten" Europe decays completely. We are waiting, but cautiously, taught by the previous negative experience ... what
            1. tihonmarine 4 February 2020 12: 46 New
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              Quote: pytar
              Living for half a century in "bright" socialism, we waited for the West to rot!

              You understand the word “rot” as being decomposed, destroyed, undergoing rotting. You are right, but I write "rotten" it is like a rotten person, a rotten little soul.
              1. pytar 4 February 2020 13: 04 New
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                Dear Vlad hi the world is heading unclear where! I suspect that the impending global climate catastrophe will change everything! As for the "rotten little souls", I would not be gluing such stamps. In modern capitalist Russia, which I know well, this is no better. There are successful examples in the world. Capitalism / conditional / are different!
                1. tihonmarine 4 February 2020 13: 27 New
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                  Quote: pytar
                  In modern capitalist Russia, which I know well, this is no better.

                  It is not possible to argue with this. I agree.
        3. pytar 4 February 2020 12: 09 New
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          My acquaintances were in Bulgaria a couple of years ago - and even fired up there to buy a two-storey house of 120 square meters on the beach. Moreover, the price of the baby is $ 15 in total. Until they found out - that the communal apartment, for such a house, you need to pay $ 000 monthly, that is, for the year you will give exactly $ 1.

          Nothing to do with reality! Sucked out of your fingers! For 15 thousand. you can’t even buy a green garage in the coastal strip! negative
          1. tihonmarine 4 February 2020 13: 29 New
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            Quote: pytar
            For 15 thousand. you can’t even buy a green garage in the coastal strip!

            A few years ago it was possible, but only there were many gypsies.
    5. anykin 4 February 2020 11: 33 New
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      Quote: bessmertniy
      By the way, Bulgaria and Romania in terms of per capita GDP are not so far behind such a developed state as Russia. By the way, Russian resorts are also somehow inferior to Turkish, Egyptian and Thai.

      We are not in the beautiful EU.
    6. pytar 4 February 2020 11: 43 New
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      As for Bulgaria, the article is not objective and does not correspond with the facts! It is necessary to compare the indicators from the previous years, in order to understand whether there is growth or vice versa! In the 90s, Bulgaria was bankrupt - a default was declared! Debts at times exceeded gold reserves. Now Bulgaria is among the top three countries with the best Debt / GDP ratio.

      The financial system is stable, the economy generates sustainable growth of 3,2-3,8%. According to this indicator, it is among the first 5 countries of the EU. In 2019, GDP broke a historical record! By the size of its foreign exchange reserves, Bulgaria is even ahead of China and Russia.

      The economy is developing balanced. In 2019, 9,3 million tourists arrived, 0,4% more than in the record year 2018. Agriculture in 2019 brought approx. 5 billion euros! We have it seasonal, there is import, as a whole it turns out +1 billion euros! Bulgaria is among the world leaders in the production and export of grain and oilseeds! For high-quality / bread / wheat - 11th place, corn - 11th place, rapeseed - 8th place, for the export of black oilseed sunflower –2th place, lavender –1th place, etc. The production of greenhouse vegetables is constantly increasing. In 2018, growth was 28%. Very promising bio-farming! Over 7 years, the area of ​​plots increased by 6 times. Since 2017, Bulgaria has reached the 1st place in the EU in the production of herbs and seasonings. The production of milk and meat products is growing, wine exports are also growing, while we are talking about quality varieties that regularly receive awards at international exhibitions. In percentage terms, BG occupies 24,5% of the global duck liver market. Canned cherries have a share of 19,7%, duck meat - 13,3%.
      It should be borne in mind that we are talking about a small country on the territory with an area of ​​only 110 thousand. sq. km., while 2/3 of them are mountains!
      In other sectors of the economy, things are going well too! Since 2016, Bulgaria has been exporting more electronics and electrical products than it is importing. Export growth of 10% over the past five years, while world imports increased by 4% over the same period. In 2018, these goods were exported at 3,5 billion euros or more than 12% of the country's total exports. In general, over the past 11 years, the export of electronics and electrical equipment from Bulgaria has increased 4 times! For someone it will sound incredible, but for example, in 2018 Bulgaria exported these goods to Germany for more than 600 million euros (refrigerators, electrical appliances, car cables, electronic displays, remotes, panels, consoles, etc.). Export of machinery and equipment also shows good results and has an increase of 5%, while world imports are growing from 2%. The auto industry is developing at a particularly fast pace, adding 1 billion euros! But the fastest growing industry itself is IT! Bulgarian programmers are in the top 5 of the world, and are highly valued. By the way, Bulgaria is the EU leader in the number of women working in the IT sector.
      Today, the Bulgarian economy is leading in competitiveness among the economies of other Balkan countries. In 2019, Bulgaria took 40th place in the global ranking of innovations.
      The infrastructure is being updated, many facilities are being built. Motorways were built and are being built at times more than in the whole history.
      This is about the economy, but in terms of income! If you ask the Bulgarians how they live, they will complain. Where with the base, where without. National Feature! According to statistics, the Bulgarians really receive the lowest wages in the EU. On the other hand, the level of consumer prices in Bulgaria is much lower than in other countries of the Union. Eurostat data on consumer prices for 10 types of goods and services in the EU in 2018 show that Bulgaria has the lowest consumer prices at 7.
      It should be noted that many Bulgarians earn extra money without declaring their real income. As they say here, Bulgaria is not the country with the lowest incomes, but the country with the largest share of sheltered incomes. Over the past 10-15 years, real incomes are growing steadily. The EIP published a comparative report on the state of the labor market in the EU in 2018 over the past 10 years. From the report it becomes clear that Bulgaria is a recorder for real growth in average wages for the period 2009-2018. almost 90%. Moreover, inflation does not exceed 2-3%. Unemployment in Bulgaria has reached historically the lowest level of 3,7%, Eurostat notes.
      It should be noted that almost 2 million Bulgarians work in the West. The phenomena are generally negative, but there are some peculiarities! If, for example, migrant workers working in Russia removed $ 2019 billion from the country in 141,4, then Bulgarians working in a foreign country sent almost 1 billion euros to their homeland in the same year!
      An increase in living standards leads to changes in public attitudes. If earlier 90% of young people dreamed of emigrating, 87% of young Bulgarians saw their future in Bulgaria.
      Largely successes associated with Bulgaria's EU membership. It should be said that as a result, the majority of 58-62% of Bulgarians positively assess the country's membership in the Union.
      I’ll finish mentioning about the problems! There are some and they are very serial! In the first place is the demographic crisis! Creepy fatally dangerous vesch! Here Bulgaria is not an exception, the whole "white race" lurks! The second most important remains, high corruption! She eats huge amounts of money and so far, the fight against her does not give results. The third most important problem is social stratification, it is a fact! So ... intended to write Korotenko, but it turned out a whole article! I repent! To blame!
      1. ycuce234-san 4 February 2020 20: 49 New
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        In percentage terms, BG occupies 24,5% of the global duck liver market. Canned cherries have a share of 19,7%, duck meat - 13,3%.
        .
        In 2010, all of Europe as a whole had 12% of the world's duck meat. Each duck has only one liver and the share of the pan-European duck liver cannot exceed 12% for physiological reasons. Asia and China are the leaders in the production of duck meat, as there are powerful culinary traditions associated with duck meat for this.
        1. pytar 5 February 2020 11: 20 New
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          Each duck has only one liver and the share of the pan-European duck liver cannot exceed 12%

          The information that I have differs from yours. I quote (my translation):
          Europe itself is the largest producer of duck pasta in the world with a 95% share. France produces ¾ of these quantities. (2017) 80% of the "French" pasta is overbought and re-ethicized in Bulgaria. By the way, they are two types. In 2016, France “produced” 19 thousand thousand from the Bulgarian inventory. t., and Bulgaria, excluding transported for France - 2,5 thousand. ton.
          By the way, many other products manufactured in Bulgaria are re-ethicized and sold under foreign brands. For example, Bulgarian cheese, it goes in Greece, where it is packaged and exported, as Greek.
          1. ycuce234-san 6 February 2020 20: 21 New
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            Europe itself is the largest producer of duck pasta in the world with a 95% share.

            Then it’s clear - we are talking about a narrow subcategory - paste, and not about the liver itself.
            Duck, as I understand it, is produced in Bulgaria by the Americans - the well-known American duck-making company operating in the country?
            1. pytar 6 February 2020 21: 06 New
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              I flipped through the Internet, though I did not delve into the topic. As far as I understood, back in 2012, the production of duck and goose meat, as well as other products associated with it, Bulgaria broke out in the forefront. I remember that this business was of interest to many and was often the subject of conversation. In 2014, 5 local firms that I know by name produced 7 tons of meat, and there were also hundreds of others. The American company started its business in the BG in 2016. How it all relates, I mean pasta, liver, meat, I don’t know. I buy ready-made products in jars, all of them are from Bulgarian manufacturers. drinks
    7. 1959ain 4 February 2020 12: 20 New
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      Quote: bessmertniy
      By the way, Russian resorts are also somehow inferior to Turkish, Egyptian and Thai.

      It’s cooler right, Sochi is located north of Turkey
    8. fruit_cake 9 February 2020 00: 58 New
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      gdp what? to compare technological production and agriculture in general is a crazy idea
  2. Lamata 4 February 2020 07: 58 New
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    Something like that so galloping across Europe.
    1. The little wink 4 February 2020 08: 31 New
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      Quote: Lamata
      Something like that so galloping across Europe.

      Yes, really lightweight. I thought they would give a full alignment by years, by growth or decline, by prospects, etc. From Bulgaria to VO, there are two three users can describe in more detail. I talked with Czechs, Slovaks, Croats, Poles and hosted them at my place, I know about the situation from Romania, Hungary, Bulgaria and haven’t received tourists yet.
      1. Keyser soze 6 February 2020 17: 29 New
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        From Bulgaria to VO there are two three users can describe in more detail.


        Yes, I can make a decent article, I am an economist, but the last time I was told that I did not know Russian, and VO was a Russian resource and I went to the forest ... laughing
  3. pmkemcity 4 February 2020 08: 00 New
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    Very informative!
  4. Grandfather Crimea 4 February 2020 08: 01 New
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    The fate of Bulgaria awaits Ukraine. The industry will decline. Tourism, agriculture will remain, and the people replenish the state budget on earnings))))))))
    1. Pessimist22 4 February 2020 08: 20 New
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      In Ukraine, industry has already arrived.
    2. Chervonny 4 February 2020 10: 34 New
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      The industry in Ukraine, it can be said already in decline. And with agriculture they are not doing well, even badly.
  5. Romka 4 February 2020 08: 38 New
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    Probably the best thing is in Montenegro, well, judging by the number of real estate bought there by the Russians. wink
    1. Krasnodar 4 February 2020 08: 59 New
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      Quote: Romka
      Probably the best thing is in Montenegro, well, judging by the number of real estate bought there by the Russians. wink

      I have a friend there, one of the first Russian developers)) Everything calls there - but who didn’t ask, it’s an ordinary East European hole.
    2. Lamata 4 February 2020 09: 08 New
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      a friend of mine lived in Montenegro for a year - there are extremely special people there, lazy. By the way, many of us from there are falling right now, it is difficult to do business.
      1. The little wink 4 February 2020 10: 46 New
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        Quote: Lamata
        a friend of mine lived in Montenegro for a year - there are extremely special people there, lazy. By the way, many of us from there are falling right now, it is difficult to do business.

        the croatian convinced that the Serbs and Croats are two different peoples, the Serb persuaded that they are one people, only some Catholics, other Orthodox, Bosnians, too, with the Serbs, one people only Muslims, Montenegrins also one people only highlanders. It’s interesting that Europe will succeed in creating a European nation-nation, or everything will fail and fail, as in the union it was not possible to create one Soviet nation-nation.
        1. Krasnodar 4 February 2020 13: 50 New
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          Will not work. All too different and all too many.
  6. rocket757 4 February 2020 08: 40 New
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    As everywhere and always ... some live at the expense of others! This is for the time being, until the time they give ... at one "wonderful" moment they may stop giving! It is very likely that such a moment is approaching.
  7. likana 4 February 2020 08: 41 New
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    The topic is interesting, but served superficially. The title of the article turned out to be more interesting than its content.
  8. Krasnodar 4 February 2020 08: 58 New
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    The author forgot Slovenia, which overtook France, Italy, and Spain)). Although they are former Yugoslavs and half the Protestant population - nonetheless.
    1. Romka 4 February 2020 09: 58 New
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      I agree, but what does religious affiliation have? Although ... if you recall the same Sweden, Denmark - there is reason to think.
      1. Krasnodar 4 February 2020 10: 16 New
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        Protestantism was originally conceived as a “religion of artisans" - i.e. work is a blessing, a gift from heaven, not punishment, etc. Roughly - Schaub the kids were working and thrifty.
    2. Evil543 4 February 2020 17: 09 New
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      The author did not upload your photo? Harvesting apples on the plantation of the father-in-law hi hello to the sufferers.
  9. Lamata 4 February 2020 09: 09 New
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    By the way, why didn’t they include the Baltic states, or is it related to northern Europe.
    1. Romka 4 February 2020 10: 03 New
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      They generally do not belong. laughing . I often visit these places. I would single out Estonia from them. And people are nice and they live quite well. Tallinn has good urban infrastructure.
      1. Lamata 4 February 2020 10: 23 New
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        But in general, the standard of living is higher than in the Russian Federation? I just never was there. in the Baltic states.
        1. Romka 4 February 2020 11: 07 New
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          As already said above - Estonia, and this can be seen on the roads, on buildings, on cars. But there are just over a million of them. But in Latvia - you can drive 100 kilometers along the road and meet a couple of cars. My friend lives in Riga, he came to visit this year in Belarus. Having been in Minsk, he was shocked by the wide roads and the number of new buildings (while installing expensive kitchen furniture, the dude’s eyes simply burned). They have worse jobs - they work either in Berlin or in Copenhagin. In Jurmala, there is still, for example, a closed wooden stall-exchanger. wink . Lithuanian Palanga is much cooler. whether. But the joke itself: I have never seen in Europe so many convertibles as in Vilnius. Lithuanians are still those pontorez! And life there is expensive, all active labuses were dumped in England, Ireland, Norway, etc. In general, I feel better in Belarus.
        2. Ros 56 4 February 2020 11: 21 New
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          At the expense of the entire Soviet Union, they lived very well, but now the tram has left and at the same time 25-30% of the population has left, it can be seen on that tram.
      2. Ros 56 4 February 2020 11: 18 New
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        Did you do it yourself or did you rebuild the whole Union after the war? what
  10. BIABIA 4 February 2020 09: 15 New
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    About the resorts of Bulgaria. Was the author there or what? I have been in Turkey and Bulgaria, and more than once. Resorts in Bulgaria are not inferior to Turkish. Depends on the hotel. And yet, unlike the Turks, Egyptians, Tunisians, Bulgarians in the markets do not pull you to themselves, there is no obsession with this unpleasant. And the attitude towards the Russians is very good, at least on the coast, in the areas of Burgas and Varna. And they themselves do not live richly, yes, but the prices are not prohibitive.
    1. Lamata 4 February 2020 09: 37 New
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      Keep!
  11. Kuroneko 4 February 2020 11: 25 New
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    At the same time, the same economic successes in Poland are primarily explained not by juicy apples, but by large loans from EU banks. But sooner or later, loans will have to be paid. And what will happen to the economies of the countries of the European Union in Eastern Europe in the case of 100% payments, is a separate issue.

    As far as I remember, in the summer of 2020 Poland will receive the last tranche from Brussels for 75 billion euros, and there - by themselves. Help ends. So we will take a look. The Polish elite is already feverishly looking for someone to rip money off on far-fetched pretexts of "reparations" on the theme of World War II.
    1. Krasnoyarsk 4 February 2020 11: 58 New
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      I read the article, read the comments and understood one thing - despite the richest goodies for industry that Russia possesses, we, against the backdrop of negotiated states, look very, very deplorable. I will not say that it’s very bad, but taking into account the above about "goodies", it’s very bad. And this is to blame for comprador capitalism aimed at selling. Not to develop, but to sell. But Russia has something to sell. And this is just - "goodies." There are, of course, exceptions, but these are just exceptions. Abidna, Panimash.
      1. Kuroneko 4 February 2020 12: 03 New
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        Quote: Krasnoyarsk
        I read the article, read the comments and understood one thing - despite the richest goodies for industry that Russia possesses, we, against the backdrop of negotiated states, look very, very deplorable. I will not say that it’s very bad, but taking into account the above about "goodies", it’s very bad. And this is to blame for comprador capitalism aimed at selling. Not to develop, but to sell.

        Well yes.
        Just the other day there was an article https://topwar.ru/167410-rossija-stroitsja-obnovljaetsja-razvivaetsja.html
        Like, calm down, everything is being built with us. I ran a text through my eyes - yeah ... a production complex, another production, processing, infrastructure for export ...
        In general, much is being built, but for the most part - it’s stupid for the further sale of resources.
        High-tech and factories for goods with high added value as the cat was crying, so in general it remains.
      2. nickname7 8 February 2020 14: 43 New
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        Do not develop, but sell

        Sell ​​raw materials.
        And here it seems that a pitfall is being identified, specializing only in raw materials, this industry is apparently becoming important and it is being taken from the Russian Federation. In particular, the aluminum industry belongs to the west.
        E + holding is managed by the British Lord Barker and US directors.
        For a minute, E + includes Rusal, bauxite and all aluminum, a bunch of hydroelectric power stations (Krasnoyarsk hydroelectric power station, Irkutsk hydroelectric power station and 11 thermal power plants) and a GAZ group.
    2. Keyser soze 6 February 2020 17: 37 New
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      As far as I remember, in the summer of 2020 Poland will receive the last tranche

      Help ends. So we will take a look.


      But no. From the gate, turn - budget frame 2020-2027 approved and there Poland is. Money is less than 15% or so. I ask on the website of the European Commission, everything is described there.