It is difficult to imagine modern military operations without electronic warfare. Russia confidently holds the first place in the list of countries with the best electronic warfare systems. This is recognized even in the United States.
Currently, electronic warfare systems are in service with all types of armed forces of the Russian Federation. In 2012, the Krasukha-2 electronic warfare systems entered service, and a bit later, the Krasukha-4 complexes. The station’s capabilities make it possible to counteract all modern radar systems and enemy UAV control radio channels. At the same time, the stations operate at an impressive distance: for example, Krasukha-4 covers an area of up to 300 km.
The use of the Krasukha-4 system in Syria during the defense of the Russian Khmeimim airbase forced the retired American general, Don Bacon, who is considered one of the world's leading electronic warfare specialists, to acknowledge the Americans’ lag behind the Russians in terms of electronic warfare systems.
The latest electronic warfare systems, according to General Bacon, do not allow the American armed forces to use their systems against Russian air defense. The presence in Russia of such electronic warfare systems as Krasukha-4 forced the American leadership to accelerate the decision to develop the latest unmanned aerial vehicles. 6 billion dollars have already been spent, but so far the Americans have failed to overcome the capabilities of the Russian electronic warfare systems.
The priority of Russian electronic warfare systems is recognized by Alan Schaffer, another authoritative weapons specialist. He believes that the secret to the effectiveness of Russian electronic warfare is that, unlike the United States and NATO, the Russian defense industry has never stopped developing new electronic warfare systems. And Russia has long overtaken the United States in terms of developing electronic warfare systems.
Divnomorye and Samarkand
In 2018, the operation of the latest EW Divnomorye complex began. It was developed by the same All-Russian Research Institute Gradient in Rostov-on-Don as Krasukha, only capable of operating for several hundred kilometers, closing command posts and military facilities with its "umbrella". At the same time, “Divnomorye” unfolds in a fighting position in a matter of minutes. According to the plans of the developers, Divnomorye will replace the Krasuha, Krasukha-2, and Krasukha-4 electronic warfare systems in the troops.
Virtually nothing is known about another newest complex of electronic warfare Samarkand, which is deployed in the strategic western direction and at the facilities of the North fleet The Russian Navy.
In 2014, the armed forces received another newest complex of electronic warfare - “Murmansk-BN”. It is designed for radio reconnaissance, intercepting and suppressing enemy signals at a distance of up to 500 km and is used by coastal units of the Russian Navy. In 2014, the complex entered service with the Northern Fleet, in 2017 - the Black Sea, and at the end of 2018 arrived at the Baltic Sea.
The system is mounted on 7 KamAZ vehicles, deployed in 72 light hours and mounted on 4 telescopic supports up to 32 meters high.
American EW Tools
The significant lag behind Russia in terms of technologies and electronic warfare, as noted above, is recognized by American specialists themselves. The reason for this is the lack of the latest developments in the 1990s - 2000s. Therefore, the U.S. Army mainly uses AN / ULQ-19 (V) signal jamming systems. They were developed back in the 1980s and are in service with several units that are part of the Marine Corps.
There are no EW systems in the US ground forces, and the armed forces command focuses on the development of EW aviation systems, in particular the EA-18 Growler or Compass Call EC-130H US Air Force systems. It is believed that the F-35 can be used not only as a fighter, but also as an electronic warfare aircraft.
China caught up and overtook America?
Very little is known about electronic warfare systems in service with the People's Liberation Army of China. But the fact is that the PLA considers electronic warfare to be one of the most important and promising areas and pays great attention to the development of electronic warfare technologies, carefully adopting Russian experience. Not so long ago, China merged electronic warfare troops, space troops and cyber troops into the Strategic Support Force.
The Chinese press highly appreciates the potential of Russian electronic warfare systems, as does the American one, putting Russia first among countries with the most advanced electronic warfare systems in the world.