Undisclosed features of the project "Owl". Unique strike reconnaissance complex based on the Su-34


В нашем previous review, entirely focused on analyzing the capabilities of the on-board electronic equipment of the strategic radar, radio engineering and optoelectronic reconnaissance aircraft Tu-214R, we were able to come to the final conclusion that the multi-band radar / radio complex side view MRK-411 is almost the only one a kind of domestic aviation-based AFAR-radar, the elemental base and software of which provide the implementation of the widest range of modes s work. These include the high-precision SAR / ISAR (synthesized aperture / reverse synthesized aperture) modes, which allow identifying small-sized ground objects by the radar silhouette, direction finding mode of moving ground objects GMTI, as well as a very exotic low-frequency mode of subsurface radar, involving a frequency range from 120 up to 300 MHz and allowing to reveal the location of the enemy's bunker infrastructure with a detailed drawing of its architecture.


As a result of this, the realization of the aforementioned potential by the MRK-411 complexes, together with the overview capabilities of the multifunctional turret optoelectronic systems OECVR “Fraction” turns the small fleet of Tu-214R aircraft (RA-64511 and RA-64514) into the most advanced reconnaissance component of the Russian Aerospace Forces The XNUMXst century, providing comprehensive information on the tactical situation of both the missile forces and artillery units of the Russian Armed Forces, and the airborne fighter squadrons and individual naval assault aviation Russian Navy regiments.

The potential inaccessible to the Tu-214P


Meanwhile, absolutely self-defense rocket weapons (R-73RDM-2 or RVV-MD short-range air-launched missiles), as well as subsonic flight speed, enormous image intensifier of several tens of square meters and low maneuverability, Tu-214R aircraft can only operate a few hundred kilometers from the anti-air zones of restriction and prohibition of enemy access and maneuver A2 / AD, erected by Aegis shipborne BIUS with long-range SAM-6 (RIM-174 ERAM), long-range Patriot PAC-2 air defense systems, as well as tactical exterminate United-inflammatory squadrons NATO Air Force. Consequently, the comprehensive realization of the capabilities of the MRK-411 and Fraction airborne complexes can be achieved only after the Tu-214R approaches to reconnaissance targets at a distance of 150-200 km, which can be realized only after the enemy’s air defense systems are completely suppressed through massive airborne missiles X -47M2 "Dagger", anti-radar missiles X-58USHK and KR "Caliber-NK / PL".

Moreover, due to the absence of underwing suspension units with the R-73 or RVV-SD self-defense air defense missile defense systems, the strategic radar and optical-electronic reconnaissance aircraft Tu-214P require regular escort of the Su-30SM / 1, Su-35S or Su-57 families by multi-functional fighters (in particular on the European conventional theater of war, abundant in modern tactical enemy aircraft). As you can see, the maximum flexibility and effectiveness of the use of these boards can be achieved only in favorable operational and strategic conditions.

The upgraded heavy multi-purpose Su-34 fighter-bombers boasting an interesting “reconnaissance package” of hardware and software updates as part of the Sych research and development work can boast an order of magnitude higher combat stability and efficiency under the above conditions. In particular, we are talking about software and hardware integration of on-board electronic equipment of shock "dryers" of three types, which have already passed field tests of container systems of intelligence of the Sych family:

- UKR-OE - container multispectral optoelectronic complex (TV / IR / low-level bands);

- UKR-RL / BKR-3 - an X-band surface-based radar reconnaissance container complex, represented by a two-sided low-element radar with Pika-M PFAR with a resolution of about 0,3 m in SAR / ISAR mode and with an instrumental range of more than 300 km; the beginning of the large-scale production of this product for the subsequent equipment of the Su-34 drill rigs was announced by competent sources at the headquarters of the Research Institute “Coulomb” JSC in mid-2016;

- UKR-RT - a multi-range container complex of passive radio-technical intelligence, which allows to detect and analyze the frequency parameters of enemy’s radio-emitting sources (modern enemy airborne radar of types AN / APG-77/79/81 in tracking modes on the aisle and even LPI, active radar seeker radar of air missiles combat and missile defense systems, as well as surveillance radars and illumination radars assigned to enemy anti-aircraft missile divisions), and then issue direct target designation to air-to-air missiles RVV-SD, or even more long-range th "180 products" that can go into service as early as videoconferencing over the next two years.


Antenna module container radar "Pika-M"

This quality, due to the possibility of placing the “Products 180” on the Su-34 suspension nodes, will provide the Fulbeks reconnaissance crews with the opportunity to seriously repulse enemy tactical aircraft (upgraded F-15C “Eagle”, “Lightning” or “Typhoons”) in a duel situations, and even without support from the multifunction fighter Su-35S.

It is logical to conclude that supersonic Su-34 front-line fighter-bombers equipped with container reconnaissance systems of the Sych line, which have not only impressive missile arsenals, but also higher speed and maneuverability, can more than compensate for the impossibility of using the more vulnerable Tu-214R on the most active sites of modern theaters of war.
Ctrl Enter

Noticed a mistake Highlight text and press. Ctrl + Enter

27 comments
Information
Dear reader, to leave comments on the publication, you must to register.

I have an account? Sign in

  1. Aerodrome 31 January 2020 05: 44 New
    • 5
    • 5
    0
    Wow ... Damantsev, playing for ours today! fellow
    1. Vlad.by 31 January 2020 11: 14 New
      • 2
      • 1
      +1
      The question is - who is stopping the arming of the Tu 214P? Or take-off weight is not enough?
      1. Kuroneko 31 January 2020 12: 11 New
        • 4
        • 0
        +4
        This "Sych" is used on Kuznetsovo (because everything has died out with the Yak-44 and Russia still does not have its own DRL-deck). Of the three Su-33s, a sort of one in three faces is assembled, like the Trinity, the “scout”:
        Since the carrying capacity of fighter-bombers is not enough to transport a typical set of equipment for DRLO aircraft, the reconnaissance equipment is divided into three containers for reconnaissance from three aircraft: UKR-RT - radio intelligence, UKR-RL - long-range two-way AFAR radar, UKR-EO - electronic optical reconnaissance [65]. Thanks to the powerful suspended UKRs, Sukhoi aircraft can effectively detect targets without the use of specialized AWACS aircraft. However, to coordinate actions, they are forced to rely on teams from the aircraft carrier, while the AWACS aircraft can independently control the aircraft without giving out the aircraft carrier by intense radio communications.

        Palliative, of course, but what to do?
        1. bars1 31 January 2020 16: 50 New
          • 1
          • 0
          +1


          Kuroneko, in your Universe, Su-33s are used with three types of recon.containers ?! Or is it still a technical proposal in an advertising booklet?
          1. Kuroneko 31 January 2020 21: 32 New
            • 1
            • 0
            +1
            Quote: bars1
            in your universe, su-33s are used with three types of recon.containers ?! Or is it still a technical proposal in an advertising booklet?

            In OUR GENERAL universe, yes. Each of the three “reconnaissance” Su-33s from Kuznetsov carries your container type. General coordination and “mixing” of information is carried out by an aircraft carrier.
  2. Vladimir_2U 31 January 2020 06: 06 New
    • 12
    • 2
    +10
    Despite the author’s propensity for alarmism, his articles are interesting, and pink haze is usually dissipated. Article plus.
  3. Zaurbek 31 January 2020 07: 08 New
    • 1
    • 0
    +1
    In another article below, information on F15EX .... which is better as a fighter, not the worst drummer, but with containers and pp and a scout.
  4. rocket757 31 January 2020 07: 52 New
    • 2
    • 0
    +2
    It is necessary to develop and make drones of strategic and operational intelligence.
    The situation is long overdue, it is necessary to overcome it.
    1. SID
      SID 31 January 2020 15: 48 New
      • 2
      • 2
      0
      I give not least the task of reconnaissance and target designation is being developed heavy drone "Hunter".
      1. rocket757 31 January 2020 18: 56 New
        • 0
        • 0
        0
        Heavy, shock, barely noticeable ... also needed.
        Is it suitable for intelligence? That is the question.
        Scout range, duration, set of installed equipment is more important, high-speed, closed channel for transmitting information is very necessary.
        As a flyer, it can be simpler ... he doesn’t fly on an attack plane.
        1. bayard 1 February 2020 04: 40 New
          • 0
          • 0
          0
          Quote: rocket757
          It is necessary to develop and make drones of strategic and operational intelligence.

          Will Altius fit? He has a payload of 2 tons, and the time of barrage up to 48 hours. And since each of the Sych containers weighs the same 2 tons, he asks to board the Altius. Such a UAV will be especially useful over marine areas.
          1. rocket757 1 February 2020 15: 47 New
            • 0
            • 0
            0
            Like that and needed. Equipped and aimed at strategic intelligence.
          2. SID
            SID 1 February 2020 21: 32 New
            • 1
            • 2
            -1
            It seems that in the case of the installation of RTR containers and target designation on UAVs, the requirements for the board through information exchange channels are increasing. There is no operator on board the UAV, and the picture must be relayed. Container> Onboard> UAV control center. It seems to me that the current conditions of Altairus through exchange channels will not be enough for the task under discussion.
            1. bayard 1 February 2020 22: 34 New
              • 0
              • 0
              0
              Keep in the air an air command post / repeater and the ability to exchange / transfer data on the Altius should be. Otherwise, its existence is simply incomprehensible. UAVs can simply barrage in the air and easier, easier.
  5. rudolff 31 January 2020 08: 18 New
    • 7
    • 0
    +7
    Something has not been heard for a long time about the radar of the review of the rear hemisphere of the Su-34. I remember threatening to bring to mind just about ... and silence. In this beam, between the engines, it seems that only the APU is now located. No one heard anything on this subject?
    1. Passing 31 January 2020 20: 26 New
      • 0
      • 1
      -1
      Why did she need him? This radar is a priori low-power. This radar will not be able to notice a stealth fighter before the turn of missile launch. When the missiles fly, then without any radar it will learn about it from the radiation warning system.
      1. rudolff 31 January 2020 21: 09 New
        • 1
        • 0
        +1
        And if it's not a stealth fighter? And if the rocket has an infrared or optical guidance channel?
        1. Passing 31 January 2020 21: 27 New
          • 0
          • 1
          -1
          Not stealth fighters will soon die out as a class, and short-range missiles are cheaper and more reliable to detect with IR / UV sensors located throughout the field of view. These, by the way, were supposed for the Mig-35, they definitely stand on Rafale, but most likely they are on most modern fighters.
        2. Engineer 31 January 2020 22: 57 New
          • 1
          • 0
          +1
          And if the rocket has an infrared or optical guidance channel?

          Against missiles there is a SAR-detector of attacking missiles. Each device has a 90 degree sector. 4 devices in the system give 360 ​​degrees in elevation. I don’t know specifically about the SU-34, but the SU-35 is equipped with them. Aviafil can correct details.
  6. Operator 31 January 2020 10: 30 New
    • 5
    • 0
    +5
    "SAR / ISAR (synthesized aperture / reversed synthesized aperture) modes that allow the identification of small-sized ground objects by the X-ray silhouette, the direction finding mode of moving ground objects GMTI, as well as a very exotic low-frequency mode of subsurface radar, involving a frequency range from 120 to 300 MHz and allowing to reveal the location of enemy bunker infrastructure with a detailed drawing of its architecture " - weigh.
    1. Saxahorse 1 February 2020 00: 35 New
      • 0
      • 0
      0
      Quote: Operator
      and allowing to reveal the location of the enemy’s bunker infrastructure with a detailed drawing of its architecture "- weigh.

      Thing of course! Recently there was an article about mine clearance drones, so people couldn’t understand what they were doing from above. And they see mines underground but from above!
  7. Chaldon48 31 January 2020 13: 33 New
    • 0
    • 0
    0
    Fighters, alas, are consumables of war. In the event of a full-blown conflict, the crew will act with a risk to life. It would not be bad to use large drones for such purposes.
  8. knn54 31 January 2020 13: 55 New
    • 0
    • 0
    0
    Su-34, foreign comments:
    http://ursa-tm.ru/forum/index.php?/topic/286184-%E2%80%9Cetot-velikolepnyy-samolet-suschestvuet-tolko-po-odnoy-prichine%E2%80%A6%E2%80%9D-su-34-inostrannye-kommentarii/
  9. _Ugene_ 31 January 2020 16: 57 New
    • 0
    • 0
    0
    if only to build all this inside a fighter, for example, a Su-35