How Slashchev Crimea defended

How Slashchev Crimea defended
White commander Yakov Aleksandrovich Slashchev


Smoot. 1920 year. At the beginning of 1920, the corps of General Slaschev retreated behind the isthmuses and for several months successfully repelled the attacks of the Red Army, while maintaining the last refuge of the White Army in southern Russia - the Crimea.

As a result, the Crimean peninsula became the last bastion of the White Movement, and Slashchev rightfully acquired the honorary prefix "Crimean" to his last name - the last of the military leaders in stories Russian army.

General situation


In the fall of 1919, VSYUR suffered a strategic defeat during the campaign to Moscow. White troops retreated everywhere, lost their previous positions, lost Kiev, Belgorod, Kursk, Donbass, Don region and Tsaritsyn. Denikin took the main forces beyond the Don, in the direction of the North Caucasus. Part of the Volunteer Army, the group of General Schilling, remained in New Russia (Crimea, Kherson and Odessa). The 3rd Army Corps of General Slashchev (13th and 34th Infantry Divisions, 1st Caucasus, Chechen and Slavic Regiments, Don Mounted Brigade of Morozov), which was fighting against Makhno in the Yekaterinoslav area, was ordered to march beyond the Dnieper and organize the defense of Crimea and Northern Tavria.

At first, they planned to send the 2nd Army Corps of General Promtov there, but then the plans changed, and the 2nd Corps was intended for the defense of the Odessa direction. Slashchev believed that this was a mistake. If larger white formations were initially sent to Crimea, they could not only defend, but also counterattack, preventing the Reds from launching an attack on the Caucasus.

Slashchev-Crimean


Yakov Aleksandrovich Slashchev (Slashchov) was noted as one of the most successful commanders of the White Army. From a noble family, hereditary military. He graduated from the Pavlovsk Military School (1905) and the Nikolaev Military Academy (1911). He served in the guard, taught tactics in the Page Corps. He fought bravely during the First World War, was wounded several times. Marked by the Order of St. George 4th degree, St. George weapons. He rose to the colonel, was an assistant commander of the Finnish regiment, in the summer of 1917 he was appointed commander of the Moscow Guards Regiment.

At the end of 1917 he joined the White Movement, was sent to the North Caucasus to form officer units. He served as chief of staff of the partisan detachment Shkuro, then chief of staff of the 2nd Kuban Cossack Division General Ulagai. Since the fall of 1918, he commanded the Kuban Plastun Brigade, in 1919 he was promoted to major general, first he commanded the brigade of the 4th Division, then the entire 4th Division.

Slashchev already had experience in fighting in the Crimea. In the spring of 1919, he held the Kerch bridgehead, when the entire Crimean peninsula was occupied by the Reds. During the general offensive of the army, Denikin went on the counterattack, took part in the liberation of Crimea from the Bolsheviks. Successfully fought with the Makhnovists, appointed commander of the 3rd Army Corps.

Among his soldiers and subordinates, he enjoyed great respect and authority, he was nicknamed General Yasha. Its parts maintained high discipline and combat readiness. He was a contradictory person, so his contemporaries gave him a variety of characteristics. They called him a drunkard, a drug addict, a clown (for shocking tricks) and an adventurer. At the same time, energy, personal courage, strong will, talent of the commander, tactics of the commander, who successfully resisted the superior forces of the enemy with small forces, were noted.

Denikin wrote in his memoirs about Slashchev:

“Probably, by his nature, he was better than the timelessness, success and gross flattery of the Crimean animal lovers made him. He was still a very young general, a man of posture, a shallow one, with great ambition and a thick touch of adventurism. But behind all that he possessed undoubted military capabilities, impulse, initiative and determination. And the corps obeyed him and fought well. ”



Colonel J. A. Slaschev (1885-1929)

The battle for the Crimea


Having received the order of Denikin to defend Northern Tavria and the Crimea, Slashchev shot down the Makhnovists and by the beginning of 1920 he led the troops to Melitopol. Slashchev had few troops: only about 4 thousand soldiers with 32 guns, and from the north the 13th and 14th Soviet armies were approaching. True, Slashchev was lucky. The Soviet command dispersed its forces: it launched an offensive from the Lower Dnieper at the same time both in Odessa and in the Crimea. If the Reds temporarily left Odessa alone and concentrated on the Crimea, then Denikin’s chances would not be to keep the peninsula. The forces were too unequal.

Having correctly assessed the situation, Slashchev did not linger in the steppes of Tavria and immediately moved to the Crimea. He did not have troops to successfully conduct hostilities at the Bolshoi Theater of War in Tavria. But he could stay on narrow isthmuses. Soviet troops tried to cut off the white from the isthmus, but they did not succeed. The white general gave the order:

“He took command of the troops defending the Crimea. I declare to everyone that, while I command the troops, I will not leave Crimea and put the defense of Crimea as a matter of not only duty, but also honor. ”

The main white forces fled to the Caucasus and Odessa, but also a mass of individuals and fragments of units, mainly rear and economic, fled to the Crimea. But this allowed Slashchev to replenish his corps, improve the material part, he even received several armored trains (although requiring repair) and 6 tanks.

Slashchev held a military meeting with senior commanders who were in the Crimea. He outlined his plan: there are few troops and they are too upset to defend themselves, passive defense sooner or later, with superior forces and means of the enemy, will lead to defeat, therefore it is necessary to wage a maneuvering struggle, having a large reserve, to respond with a blow to strike. Cover flanks fleet, leave only protection on the isthmus, the enemy will not be able to deploy forces on the isthmus, it will be possible to beat it in parts. Take advantage of the winter conditions. Winter was frosty, there was almost no housing on the isthmuses, and white, like the red ones, did not have the opportunity to organize a positional struggle under such conditions.

The commander decided to arrange the main position on the southern coast of Sivash, north of Yushun they prepared another flanking position with the front to the west, the main reserve was located in the area of ​​Bohemia - Voinki - Dzhankoy. He did not allow the enemy to attack himself, he attacked the unfolding enemy, preferably on the flank.

Slashchev took the units behind the isthmuses to the settlements, set up only guards and concentrated troops and reserves to fend off enemy attacks. The Reds suffered from frost, could not deploy troops in a bottleneck and defeat the attacker due to the isthmus of enemy forces. In the meantime, while the Reds were once again storming the fortifications, overcoming the narrow isthmuses, exhausted, frozen, Slashchev raised his fresh units, counterattacked and threw the Reds back. In addition, the conflict between the Bolsheviks and Makhno began again, in February hostilities began between the Reds and the Makhnovists, who had wedged themselves into the positions of the 14th Soviet Army. All this allowed Slashchev to keep the Crimean front.

The white fleet also played its role. The dominance of white at sea made the Red landing in the Crimea from the rear impossible. The commander of the naval detachment, Captain 1st Rank Mashukov and the detachment of Colonel Gravitsky on the Arabat Spit played a positive role in keeping Crimea. Slashchev also took a number of decisive measures to solve the problem of supplying troops and restoring order in the rear. He ordered the construction of a railway to Yushun from Dzhankoy at all costs, this solved the supply problem. With the most severe measures, he cleared the rear of the gangs and strengthened the local garrisons with strong commanders.

The red units moved slowly and only by January 21 overlaid the isthmuses. This allowed Slashchev to gather all his strength and prepare for defense. In addition, the enemy went to the isthmus in parts, which also facilitated the white defense of the Crimea. The recklessness of the Reds and their underestimation of the enemy also played a role. The Red Army triumphantly advanced, whites everywhere fled. This relaxed the troops. The first to reach the isthmuses of the 46th Rifle and 8th Cavalry Divisions (about 8 thousand people).

At dawn on January 23, 1920, the 46th Soviet Division launched an offensive on Perekop. Everything went according to Slashchev’s scenario: the white guard escaped (Slavonic regiment - 100 bayonets), the fortress battery (4 guns) fired, then the gunners removed about 12 hours; the Red Army occupied the rampart and pulled themselves into the isthmus. The Reds occupied Armyansk and moved to Yushun, then night fell. The Reds had to spend the night in an open field with a frost of 16 degrees. At that time, there was a panic in the Crimea, newspapers reported the fall of Perekop and Armyansk, everyone was about to flee, and were loading ships in ports. At dawn on January 24, the red troops continued the offensive and came under fire from the Yushun position. The whites (34th division, Vilensky regiment and Morozov's mounted brigade) counterattacked. The Reds were defeated and retreated; soon their withdrawal turned into flight. The white guards took their former positions, the rest of the units returned to their apartments. The first victory significantly increased the morale of the Slashchev corps.

Subsequent battles developed according to a similar plan. On January 28, the 8th cavalry division supported the advance of the Reds, but White again threw back the enemy. Gradually increasing their strength, the Reds on February 5 made another attempt at the offensive. They passed on the ice of the frozen Sivash and again took Perekop. And again, Slashchev launched a counterattack and threw the enemy back. February 24 was a new assault. The Reds broke through the Isthmus of Chongar and even took Dzhankoy on the move. Then they were stopped again and driven back.

Crimean politics


Interestingly, Slashchev’s tactics terribly unnerved the Crimean public, the rear and the allies, who were in needles in the Crimea. They were very scared that the Reds repeatedly penetrated the Crimea. In their opinion, the general should have put his fighters in the trenches and fortifications. Part of the military demanded to replace Slashchev with another general. The head of government, General Lukomsky, fearing the Bolsheviks would break into the Crimea, asked to replace the obstinate commander with "a person who could enjoy the confidence of both the troops and the population." However, the tactics of the white commander proved to be quite successful. Therefore, Denikin did not change the initiative and decisive commander.

In general, the psychological atmosphere in Crimea was difficult. Here, as before, there were several political forces that negatively related to the whites. Bandits and red partisans fought their war. They were reinforced by new gangs of refugees and deserters who scattered across the peninsula and plundered villages. There was a threat of an uprising on the peninsula in favor of the Reds. There were also many refugees in the cities. Among them were many military, capable men, but, as in Odessa, they did not want to fight on the front lines. Many only wanted to fill their pocket, find a ship and escape to Europe, or dissolve among the Crimean population. Local military authorities could not, and did not want to do anything about it. At the same time, the situation of refugees did not seem as disastrous as that of refugees in Odessa or Novorossiysk. In material and economic terms, everything was relatively safe. There were fights on Perekop, but the peninsula itself was a typical rear area. In addition, Crimea was torn off from high command, left to its own devices, Denikin was in the Kuban, and Schilling was in Odessa. The peninsula has become the focus of intrigue, gossip, political squabbles, conflicts, presenting a vivid picture of the internal discord of the White movement. From the report of Slashchev on April 5, 1920 to Wrangel:

"Intrigues in a small territory of Crimea are incredibly growing."

One of the breeding grounds for this “infection” was the white fleet. Denikin practically did not interfere in the affairs of the fleet. The White Fleet lived its own life, became a "state in the state." There were many problems. Many ships needed major repairs. There was an acute shortage of qualified sailors; they were recruited from gymnasium students and students. The personnel were very sharply different. Some ships such as destroyers "Hot" and "Ardent" were at the forefront, supported ground units. On other ships, especially transport, the picture was different. Here the crews were decomposing. They went between various Black Sea ports, sailors were engaged in speculation, earned good money. All this was done under any authority: under the Germans and Hetman, under the French, red and white. On the coast, the Sevastopol command took up the “revival of the fleet”, headquarters, rear bases and port services were inflated. There were enough officers, they fled here from other ports of the Black Sea, from the Baltic Fleet and Petrograd. Only these officers were not of the best quality: rear officers, careerists and opportunists. Combat officers who were not afraid to go against everyone died in 1917 or fought on land. The coastal headquarters and services were a good feeder. Therefore, even the highest fleet command was of dubious quality.

In a civil war, these headquarters had nothing to do. Nobody really wanted to go to war, so they engaged in gossip and intrigue. Fleet chief of staff Admiral Bubnov even organized a "naval circle", where he examined the "mistakes" of the command of the ground forces. All orders received were immediately criticized, the naval climbed into "politics." Army rear territories were also infected by civilian politicians and navy; everyone wanted to play "politics" and "democracy." Soon, this led to the rebellion of Orlov.

Oryol region


In Simferopol, the formation of replenishment for the Slashchev corps was carried out by the Duke of Leuchtenberg and Captain Orlov, a brave officer, but decomposed with a mental disorder. Doubtful people began to group around him. Local Bolsheviks even came into contact with him. In the city began to talk about the impending uprising. Having collected more than 300 people, Orlov refused to take up a position on the orders of the command, and on February 4, just before the next assault of the Reds, he seized power in Simferopol. Other rear units of whites that were in the city declared "neutrality." Orlov arrested the Tauride governor Tatishchev, the chief of staff of the Novorossiysk region’s troops, General Chernavin, the commandant of the Sevastopol fortress Subbotin and other persons, announcing that they were “decomposing the rear”. He announced that he expresses the interests of the "young officer". I asked for the support of the "workers' comrades."

This rebellion stirred up the entire peninsula. In Sevastopol, the "young officers", following the example of Orlov, was going to arrest the fleet commander Admiral Nenyukov and chief of staff Bubnov. Slashchev, having beaten off the next attack of the Red Army, was forced to send troops to the rear. Most of the Orlov detachment fled. He himself with the rest released the arrested, took the provincial treasury and went into the mountains.

In the meantime, another swara began in the rear. After the fall of Odessa, General Schilling arrived in Sevastopol. He was immediately accused of the Odessa disaster. The naval command demanded that Schilling transfer the command in Crimea to Wrangel (without the consent of Denikin). General Wrangel at this time resigned and arrived on the peninsula while on vacation. The same demands were put forward by various public and officer organizations. General Lukomsky was of the same opinion. Assessing the situation, Wrangel agreed to take command, but only with the consent of Denikin. Having learned about this conflict, Slashchev said that he would obey only the orders of Schilling and Denikin.

At this time, Orlov came down from the mountains and captured Alushta and Yalta. The generals Pokrovsky and Borovsky who were in Yalta tried to organize resistance, but their detachment fled without a fight. The generals were arrested, the local treasury looted. Schilling sent a Colchis ship with an amphibious assault against Orlov. However, the crew and the landing party refused to fight and returned to Sevastopol, bringing Orlov’s appeal. He called for a unification of forces around Wrangel. The rear boomed even more.

Crimean Troubles


Since the fall of Odessa and the arrival of the Schilling and Wrangel Peninsulas, the struggle for power on the peninsula begins. Between Sevastopol, Dzhankoy (Slashchev) and Tikhoretskaya (Denikin’s headquarters), there were extensive correspondence and negotiations. This caused a strong excitement ("turmoil") in the Crimea. Under pressure from Lukomsky, Schilling proposed to Wrangel to head the Sevastopol fortress and rear units in order to restore order. Wrangel refused this “temporary” post so as not to aggravate the situation with the new division of powers. Lukomsky sent telegrams to Denikin one after another, proposing to appoint Wrangel as the Crimean commander. Schilling, broken by the Odessa catastrophe, supported this idea. The Crimean public did not believe Schilling, and demanded that Wrangel be appointed the “Crimean savior”.

However, Denikin rested. He saw in this situation another intrigue against himself. He categorically refused to transfer power. In addition, Denikin rightly feared that such a concession and "election" of command "would only exacerbate the" Crimean turmoil. " On February 21, Admirals Nenyukov and Bubnov were dismissed from service, and they satisfied the previous requests for the resignation of Lukomsky and Wrangel. Denikin issued an order to “liquidate the Crimean Troubles,” where he ordered all participants in the Oryol rebellion to appear at the headquarters of the 3rd Corps and go to the front to redeem the sight with blood. A senatorial commission was established to investigate the causes of the turmoil. Orlov went to negotiations, obeyed the order and spoke to the front. But in March he again rebelled: he arbitrarily withdrew his detachment, planned to capture Simferopol and was defeated by the sugars. He fled to the mountains again.

Wrangel was advised to temporarily leave the Crimea. Wrangel considered himself offended and left for Constantinople. From there, he sent Denikin a pamphlet letter, which he transmitted to the public, accusing the commander in chief:

"Poisoned by the poison of ambition, tasted the authorities, surrounded by dishonest flatterers, you have not thought about saving the Fatherland, but only about maintaining power ..."

The baron accused the army of Denikin of "arbitrariness, robbery and drunkenness." This letter was widely distributed by Denikin's opponents.

At this time, while the rear was seething and intriguing, battles continued on the isthmus. Slashchev continued to hold the defense. The Reds were building up forces in the Crimean direction. Sablin's Estonian Rifle Division was pulling up. The commander of the 13th army, Hecker, was actively preparing for the offensive. As a result, by the beginning of March 1920, a strike force was formed from parts of the 13th and 14th armies, which included the 46th, Estonian and 8th cavalry divisions. Slashchev also did not sit still, actively preparing for a new battle: he formed a combined regiment of the 9th Cavalry Division (400 sabers), a combined guard detachment (150 soldiers), replenished the convoy and deployed a battalion of German colonists into the cavalry regiment (up to 350 soldiers), horse-artillery division and howitzer division (from the tools of fugitives).

On March 8, the Red Army again launched an assault on the isthmuses. Everything repeated: the Reds again took Perekop, on the 10th they reached Yushuni, overthrew the brigade of the 34th Division, which fled in complete disarray to the Voinka. By the morning of March 11, about 6 thousand Red Army soldiers passed through the Perekop Isthmus to the Crimea and they developed an offensive from Yushun to Simferopol. Slashchev struck with all his forces (about 4500 bayonets and sabers). By 12 o’clock the Reds were already retreating. The Reds suffered such losses that the 46th and Estonian divisions had to be combined.

As a result, Slashchev kept Crimea in January - March 1920 in front of significantly superior red forces. The whites lost the Caucasus, were evacuated from Novorossiysk to their last refuge - the Crimean bridgehead. Already in exile, Slashchev will write:

“That I dragged on the Civil War for a long fourteen months ...”

March 22 (April 5) 1920, General Denikin transferred his authority to Baron Wrangel. He combined in his person the posts of commander in chief and ruler of the South of Russia. In fact, he became a military dictator. The army was transformed into Russian.

Thus, the Crimean peninsula became the last bastion of White Russia, and General Yakov Slashchev rightfully acquired the honorary prefix "Crimean" to his surname - the last of the commanders in the history of the Russian army.


Award to the defenders of the Crimea "1919. For the defense of Crimea. 1920 "
Author:
Photos used:
https://ru.wikipedia.org/
Articles from this series:
Smoot. 1920 year

Battle of Rostov
The disaster of white Odessa
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  1. Lunic 29 January 2020 06: 39 New
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    Editors, do the article help?
    Such an interesting topic, but because of the missing words, the meaning seems to be ...
    Thank you
    1. rich 29 January 2020 09: 10 New
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      I recommend to everyone interested in this topic. Written quite interesting. Easy to read
    2. rich 29 January 2020 09: 26 New
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      There is already a wonderful VO Igor Sofronov's article “General Yasha”
      It was written scrupulously with knowledge of the material. It is richly illustrated. It is read easily. Judge for yourself:
      ... a former guardsman, a graduate of the Nikolaev Academy of the General Staff, who went through the entire First World War in the trenches. In Grazhdanskaya he was the chief of staff of General Shkuro, in the Volunteer Army of Denikin and the Armed Forces of the South of Russia at Wrangel he commanded a brigade, division and corps, wore lieutenant general epaulets.
      And now he teaches the intelligence of the red commanders, whom he recently hit with success on the battlefields. He teaches, sarcastically sifting through the bones, all the blunders and miscalculations of authoritative commanders and officers of the army of workers and peasants.
      At one of these classes, Semyon Budyonny, who became a legend during his lifetime, unable to withstand stinging comments about the actions of his 1st Cavalry Army, unloaded a revolving drum towards the former white general. And he just spat on the fingers, stained with chalk, and calmly threw in the direction of a quiet audience: "That's how you shoot, and fight ...".
      The name of this outstanding man was Yakov Aleksandrovich Slashchev.

      link:https://topwar.ru/12833-general-yasha.html
      1. Olgovich 29 January 2020 11: 59 New
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        Quote: Rich
        At VO there is already a wonderful article by Igor Sofronov “General Yasha”
        It was written scrupulously with knowledge of the material.

        Yes, an interesting article about an outstanding, no doubt personality. He fought well at the front, freed from the Bolsheviks of Crimea in 1919

        But alcohol, morphine and cocaine destroy any personality ...

        court of honor Generals was deprived of all ranks and orders and, as the subsequent course of events showed, rightly: with his monstrous lies, cynicism, ignorance, naivety, a provocative call for the return of officers and soldiers to Russia, he condemned tens and thousands of people who believed him and returned there .....

        Author: Pulling Up estonian rifle division Sablina

        And Latvian division, bandits Makhno and the so-called Red Cossacks from the same boiler.
        "Rusak" Crimea took, yes ....

        Red is the Estonian commander Yuri Vladimirovich Sablin, according to the Verdict of the Supreme Council of the USSR Armed Forces ... spy, bandit and saboteur. belay yes naturally, shot in 1937 g yes
        13th Army Commander Hecker actively preparing to the offensive

        He got excited, poor fellow: he had to get ready ..."to the ground" yes he did such a thing that oh oh oh! belay :
        -espionage,
        -preparation terrorist acts against members of the Politburo Central Committee of the CPSU (b) and the Soviet government;
        -preparation of an armed plan "the capture of the Kremlin ”and the arrest of the leaders of the Central Committee of the CPSU (b) and the Soviet government belay am lol

        Accordingly, it was destroyed indefinitely after the verdict of the USSR Supreme Court.

        These are the "commanders"! belay request
        1. Catfish 29 January 2020 13: 14 New
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          Good day, Andrey. hi
          But alcohol, morphine and cocaine destroy any personality ...

          And how many times was he wounded during both wars? Six, seven, or eight ... I don’t remember exactly. And pain from wounds, which were constantly tormented in the absence of any painkillers, except for the same morphine, if it was, of course, if not, then alcohol. And not every nervous system will survive almost ten years of a continuous war.
          I’m all of this to the fact that it’s very simple for someone to judge Slashchev now, after a hundred years, but this audience does not like to remember the booze of all sorts of Kotovsky and Kochubeev.
        2. rich 29 January 2020 13: 16 New
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          Olgovich (Andrey): But alcohol, morphine and cocaine destroy any person ... by the court of honor of the generals was deprived of all ranks and orders

          Wrangel covered the morphine general as best he could, appreciating his military talent. But there is a limit to everything. The reason for the trial of Slashchev was the appeal of the working-traveler Yevgeny Medvedev to Wrangel that, under the influence of morphine, Slashchev was guilty of numerous executions without trial of railway workers. The head of the Wrangel counterintelligence, V.K. Orlov gave the order "On the non-execution of orders of General Slashchev on railway transport." Then Slashchev began to hang up without permission. An investigation carried out at the direction of Wrangel confirmed Slashchev's guilt. They remembered him both cocaine, and the executions of innocents, and the second St. George’s cross, unauthorizedly attached, and demonstrative flaunting not in the form of clothes, but in the form that he himself invented for himself. The punishment provided for the death penalty. But the petition of Ulagpay saved Slashchev from her. He was deprived of all ranks and orders and expelled from the army by shame of a court of honor. "Hanging General" under escort was forcibly landed on a ship and sent to Turkey
      2. Aviator_ 29 January 2020 21: 41 New
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        This bike regularly pops up in the internet. Maybe there was a similar case, but not with Budenny, who was by no means the mediocre commander as represented in the bike, and it was unlikely to miss the Nagan at a distance of no more than 10 m, since there was a dialogue here.
        1. fuxila 30 January 2020 18: 11 New
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          So after all, Budyonny could shoot quite without trying to get into Slashchev. Still, the murder of a man, especially a teacher of a military academy, even for Budyonny, would hardly have passed without a trace. He could defuse the clip directly above his head to make Slashchev, who, say, had just sarcastically rode over the “talents” of the Red commanders, climb under the table in fear. And in this case, Budyonny would have won a moral victory. But the opposite happened - Slashchev retained his composure and even once again made fun of the abilities of the red commanders. Something reminds me of the film "Red Square", when revolutionary soldiers put Officer Kutaisov against the wall and gave a turn over his head, thinking that he would fall in fear of them and begin to honor them, which, to their deep regret, did not happen.
          1. Aviator_ 30 January 2020 19: 25 New
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            Budyonny was not a mediocre commander. So there was no need to freak him out. Well, in the legal subtleties (killed in a state of passion, or something else), the former PMV vahmistr hardly understood. And to kill someone after two such wars as the WWII and the Civil, I believe that no one made any special labor. The fake baker - this episode.
            1. Sasha_rulevoy 30 January 2020 22: 20 New
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              By the way, Budyonny did not encounter Slashchev in battles.
            2. fuxila 1 February 2020 08: 45 New
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              Budyonny was not a mediocre commander

              And who blames Budyonny for lack of talent? In Russian-Japanese and WWI, he was an excellent noncommissioner, during the Civil War he proved to be a good cavalry commander, but during the Second World War it turned out that he was not a military genius at all, as propaganda trumpeted him. Actually, who generally remembered Marshal Budenny by the end of the war? Different people came forward, such as Zhukov, Rokossovsky, Konev and others. So he was a commander of quite average abilities — not a trifle or a talent. It follows from this that when analyzing the operations of Budenny and other paints Slashev could find many miscalculations in them, which naturally caused irritation on their part. Especially when everyone around you blows about what you are great commanders.
              And about the fact that he could easily kill, then give cases where the same Budyonny chopped into a cabbage in peacetime all those who caused irritation in him, since this is such a trifling matter. I do not know such cases. And our other generals, having also gone through many wars, did not allow themselves this.
          2. Andrey Zhdanov-Nedilko 31 January 2020 09: 46 New
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            I also think that it was exactly so, if at all ... And in general, why go to study with weapons?!? Tales are everything! I do not believe.
          3. Andrey Zhdanov-Nedilko 31 January 2020 09: 49 New
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            In my opinion, the surname of that hero from the movie "Red Square" is Kutasov, not Kutaisov! I watched the film for a long time, but I remember - a very good film! Even, in my humble opinion, is more "patriotic" than repeated "Officers" a thousand times.
            1. AAK
              AAK 31 January 2020 16: 07 New
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              Absolutely right, colleague! Indeed, the name of the officer in the film is Kutasov. He was played by Vyacheslav Shalevich, and Commissioner Amelin - Stanislav Lyubshin
            2. fuxila 1 February 2020 14: 57 New
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              Yes, indeed, Kutasov forgot it a long time ago, because for some reason this film is not shown in modern Russia, unlike the cartoonish “Red Devils”.
          4. mat-vey 31 January 2020 14: 21 New
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            "thinking that he would fall in fear of them and begin to honor them, which, to their deep regret, did not happen." - Well, that's why they decided to just shoot him ... if not for the commissioner.
            1. mat-vey 31 January 2020 16: 05 New
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              Who didn’t like the movie?
  2. rocket757 29 January 2020 07: 04 New
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    This is also our story. Nothing can be forgotten.
    1. Alexander Suvorov 29 January 2020 08: 40 New
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      So no one here is betraying oblivion, just some, we will not point fingers, we are trying our best to rewrite and distort it. But, as long as a generation that remembers the USSR is alive, nothing will come of it.

      P.S. But Slashchev is undoubtedly a talent, you will not say anything. And unlike any Denikins, Wrangels, Kolchakov, Mannerheim, Krasnov, Shkuro and others, this is a real patriot of Russia!
      1. rocket757 29 January 2020 08: 59 New
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        Civil War. The war of the new, against the outgoing. She divided more than one people ...
        It’s bad that they are now building their careers, some on a perversion of the memory of all past events. Not only with us, by the way.
        Memory should not be selective, otherwise all landmarks can be lost ... and then it went, it went, it never led to anything good.
      2. Andrey Zhdanov-Nedilko 30 January 2020 15: 54 New
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        Well, why so all in one basket?!? Denikin is undoubtedly a patriot. Mannerheim is a patriot of his Finland. Kolchak is also, in principle, a patriot, but not quite right, and even the Angosaxians got confused in vain — they cheat anyone they want! ... Krasnov and Shkuro are not patriots; WWII events have shown this. So in the white camp there were different people of different views. Both patriots and not patriots.
        1. Sanichsan 3 February 2020 16: 59 New
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          Quote: Andrey Zhdanov-Nedilko
          Krasnov and Shkuro are not patriots

          well it is clear. contacted the Nazis and participated in the genocide of the Russian people ...
          Quote: Andrey Zhdanov-Nedilko
          Denikin is undoubtedly a patriot.

          and this one, why? he seemed to be closely cooperating with the United States. Is he a patriot because the United States did not dare to plan the "unthinkable" and the nuclear bombing of the USSR?
          Quote: Andrey Zhdanov-Nedilko
          Kolchak is also basically a patriot, but not quite right

          hmmm ... that is, Chikatilo is simply a big fan of women, but not quite right? belay
      3. Andrey Zhdanov-Nedilko 31 January 2020 09: 28 New
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        I think so, if White had won the Civil, these "patriots" you listed would not have found their place in life either: I admit that Denikin could have worked as a governor somewhere in the Volga region; Wrangel would have returned to the civilian profession and mastered the deposits of Siberia; Kolchak would have led some Azov-Istanbul shipping company; the Krasnovs, Shkuro and other Donetsk residents grew carrots or drank themselves slowly ... Well, the Reds, having served ten years in the camps, would also have joined the revival of Russia. Patriots were on both sides, only the ways of building Great Russia were seen differently. Alas.
    2. Andrey Zhdanov-Nedilko 30 January 2020 17: 16 New
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      Yes, this is our story! There is no need to forget and rewrite school history books every ten years. And we need, like the Spaniards, led by comrade Franco in 1939, to build a huge cemetery and rebury everyone — both red and white side by side, and someone from other countries (if descendants wish them), and at the same time comrade Ulyanov-Lenin transfer from the mausoleum. This will be an act of reconciliation and a point on the question of ending the Civil War in Russia.
      1. rocket757 30 January 2020 20: 40 New
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        And not a single country where REAL CIVIL WAR divided the people completely and forever could not level everything! echoes are everywhere ... especially manifested in a difficult period for the country, for the people!
        What do you think, and what is the current period in our country?
        1. Andrey Zhdanov-Nedilko 31 January 2020 09: 14 New
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          The analogue of the period 1924-01.12.1934
          1. rocket757 31 January 2020 09: 17 New
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            Exactly the opposite. Then NEW, struggled with the OLD ... now there is a clear contra, the old that was already there, is trying to level everything back.
            1. Andrey Zhdanov-Nedilko 31 January 2020 09: 19 New
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              You corrected me correctly - exactly!
              1. rocket757 31 January 2020 09: 29 New
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                Any event must be treated equally-balanced. Moreover, this is all OUR! Which side do not look at it.
  3. Vladimir_2U 29 January 2020 07: 10 New
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    Bandits and red partisans fought their war. They were reinforced by new gangs of refugees and deserters who scattered across the peninsula and plundered villages
    But all their victims will be attributed strictly to the Bolsheviks.
    1. Alexander Suvorov 29 January 2020 08: 45 New
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      Vladimir_2U (Vladimir)
      But all their victims will be attributed strictly to the Bolsheviks.
      And then how ... In their "victims" to the heap they will also write down all gangster trash such as gangs of Petlyura, Semenov, Basmachi and others. But how, people "fought for freedom", and the Bolsheviks made them swear by the law to live. They built schools, hospitals and forced them to study and forcefully treated, they carried out electricity, plumbing and forced to live humanly, but there are some bastards ... laughing
      1. solzh 29 January 2020 11: 09 New
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        Quote: Alexander Suvorov
        But how, people "fought for freedom", and the Bolsheviks made them swear by the law to live. They built schools, hospitals and forced them to study and forcefully treated, they carried out electricity, plumbing and forced to live humanly, but there are some bastards ...

        Fiends! laughing
        We must also think of building schools with hospitals! Barbarians in one word laughing
        1. Alexander Suvorov 29 January 2020 11: 15 New
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          solzh (Sergey)
          Fiends! laughing
          We must also think of building schools with hospitals! Barbarians in one word laughing
          Serezha, which is the most paradoxical, that with the collapse of the USSR, ALL (well, maybe with the exception of Belarus) republics, have eaten up the whole heritage, destroyed the infrastructure and returned to the Stone Age, at least all the republics of Central Asia. Perhaps they’re more accustomed to living in the Stone Age, but it’s not clear why they all work for us to work with a shaft?
          1. solzh 29 January 2020 11: 25 New
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            Here it is, as I think this is what. The modern elite felt themselves as bays, khans and other sultans. In other words, power returned to the beginning of the 20th century. But the change of power does not work. Or, as in Kyrgyzstan, the change occurs with the help of weapons. How many times have they been like that twice? People have no work, but large families, so they go to us to earn money.
            1. Aviator_ 29 January 2020 21: 46 New
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              They go in an organized manner, under the command of their own kurbashi, who rob them. And they transfer nothing to their villages.
      2. fighter angel 29 January 2020 11: 24 New
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        Alexander,
        And these "barbarians" built factories all over the country, and they provided work to all people!
        Well monsters, unemployment was 100% eliminated!
        1. Alexander Suvorov 29 January 2020 11: 29 New
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          Alexei, and even parasites were forced to work, drunks were forcibly treated, workers (about horror) were sent to the sanatorium, no ..., animals definitely ... laughing
      3. Catfish 29 January 2020 15: 53 New
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        The most paradoxical thing is that then they themselves destroyed it all. Everything that was built with hard work and great blood, everything was derailed "by the honor and conscience of our era." It turns out that White wasn’t worth fighting with them, everything self-destructed over time. request
  4. tatarin1972 29 January 2020 07: 16 New
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    An excellent tactician, although he graduated from the academy of the General Staff in the second category.
    1. svp67 29 January 2020 08: 58 New
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      Quote: tatarin1972
      An excellent tactician, although he graduated from the academy of the General Staff in the second category.

      And that does NOT mean anything. He simply mediocrely understood the tactics and strategies that he was taught by the elderly generals, or rather, on the contrary, the elderly generals poorly understood this "fidget." He then became famous in the Civil, and there almost everything was different. Such a war is similar to chaos and the elements, and he better understood the rhythm of such a war.
      1. Ryazan87 29 January 2020 11: 20 New
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        Let's just say that often good “warfield” field commanders come from peace losers. Different qualities are required. For White, Anton Turkul was unable to enter the school twice before the First World War; he went into the reserve as a non-commissioner. Just the World began - from the soldiers he rose to the headquarters captain and battalion commander. In the Civil - almost the best commander of the division of the Volunteer Army.
        Which, however, does not negate the need for competent staff staff.
        1. svp67 29 January 2020 11: 23 New
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          Quote: Ryazanets87
          Which, however, does not negate the need for competent staff staff.

          I agree, since nevertheless the “commander” and the “chief of staff” are TWO DIFFERENT PERSONS, in character and abilities, and very rarely these “two” coexist in “one person” ... But they are very necessary to each other, just vital to success
          1. Ryazan87 29 January 2020 12: 06 New
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            Yes, I completely agree. Here is a tragic example - General Alekseev, chief of staff of the Headquarters of the Russian army. A man of great mind, who had a bright strategic talent, but it was just a “staffer”. He did not have a strong-willed principle, but in fact he took upon himself the burden of the commander in chief.
            1. svp67 29 January 2020 20: 07 New
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              Quote: Ryazanets87
              Here is a tragic example - General Alekseev, chief of staff of the Headquarters of the Russian army. A man of great mind, possessing a bright strategic talent, but it’s a “staffer”

              I will give you a more tragic example - General Kuropatkin, while he was heading the headquarters at Skobelev, he was above all praise, and when he became commander, he was not up to the mark ...
        2. Andrey Zhdanov-Nedilko 30 January 2020 16: 00 New
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          Or Makhno, for example, an excellent field commander - but did not have a strong headquarters and assistants, plus he played in politics with the people and the Reds. However, even if he had decided on the Reds, he might even later become a member of the Ukrainian SSR government, but in 1937–38 he would have remembered the past anyway: I can predict the verdict of the NKVD troika with an accuracy of 99,9%. Do you agree?
      2. tatarin1972 29 January 2020 12: 37 New
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        The Nicholas Academy of the General Staff brought excellent education, but at the expense of understanding tactics and strategy, the army is always preparing for the past war. The main thing, I think, is to learn to think outside the box, to break patterns.
    2. solzh 29 January 2020 11: 12 New
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      Quote: tatarin1972
      An excellent tactician, although he graduated from the academy of the General Staff in the second category.

      This is not an indicator. The Reds, some of the paints didn’t even have such an education, but "And in the Pacific Ocean they finished their campaign." hi
      1. svp67 29 January 2020 11: 24 New
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        Quote: solzh
        The Reds, some of the paints didn’t even have such an education, but "And in the Pacific Ocean they finished their campaign."

        Having in his subordination, just a lot of those who had the "first rank" at the end of the Academy of the General Staff
        1. mat-vey 29 January 2020 15: 13 New
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          "Having in my subordination, there were just a lot of those who had the" first rank "at the end of the General Staff Academy" - but they had to make decisions and give teams all the same to the paints themselves ..
          1. svp67 29 January 2020 20: 03 New
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            Quote: mat-vey
            but decisions to make and commands to give all the same paints themselves had ..

            In any case, everyone must conscientiously fulfill his duties and then he will succeed
            1. mat-vey 31 January 2020 14: 35 New
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              "In any case, everyone must conscientiously fulfill his duties and then he will succeed" -even "" Having in his subordination, just a lot of those who had "first rank" at the end of the General Staff Academy "- the final decision and responsibility for this the decision is made by the commander. If this decision turns out to be correct and correct, then he understands everything and evaluates correctly, including the experience and recommendations of subordinates with "first rank".
          2. Andrey Zhdanov-Nedilko 30 January 2020 16: 02 New
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            Excuse me, the question is - how many decisions have the red leaders and commanders made such that they were in the balance from the defeat and liquidation of Soviet Russia into Civil?!? Hundreds of examples can be given and you all know this very well.
            1. mat-vey 31 January 2020 14: 17 New
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              "Hundreds of examples can be cited" - start citing ..
              1. Andrey Zhdanov-Nedilko 31 January 2020 16: 54 New
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                Sorry, I’m still at work - take at least the summer of 1918: how many mistakes the Reds had, that Soviet Russia shrank to a minimum ... I’ll be home in the evening - I will prepare you an answer.
                1. mat-vey 31 January 2020 16: 56 New
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                  "Take at least the summer of 1918: how many mistakes the Reds had, that Soviet Russia shrank to a minimum." - and before that was from sea to sea?
                  1. mat-vey 1 February 2020 08: 09 New
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                    Oh, I have a secret admirer? Very, very nice and funny ...
                  2. Andrey Zhdanov-Nedilko 3 February 2020 10: 00 New
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                    Fine swimming - from ocean to ocean !!!
                    1. mat-vey 3 February 2020 10: 08 New
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                      Well, if the Caspian and Baltic seas are oceans, then here you can’t swim deeply ...
                      1. Andrey Zhdanov-Nedilko 3 February 2020 14: 01 New
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                        Sorry, but I studied in Soviet times and we were taught history like this: from October 1917, in the spring (or summer) of 1918, the triumphal march of the Soviet regime took place throughout the Republic of Ingushetia, so we can conclude that on some day, for example, spring or summer of 1918 from Dvinsk to Vladivostok de facto was Soviet Russia. Do you agree with me? Convinced?
                      2. mat-vey 3 February 2020 14: 24 New
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                        Absolutely not ... And where about the commander’s “mistakes”? Especially about the commanders of the beginning of 1918, because of which it was reduced ...
                      3. Andrey Zhdanov-Nedilko 3 February 2020 14: 31 New
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                        Oh, God ... Matyushenka, dear, I'm back at work again in the afternoon - give me time and prepare you an answer! Sorry, are you so harmful from the principle or do you want to check my knowledge? ...
                      4. mat-vey 3 February 2020 14: 37 New
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                        Already checked ... I understand that any builder is whiter than the most drunken fisherman - but not as much ...
                      5. Andrey Zhdanov-Nedilko 3 February 2020 17: 38 New
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                        hmm, different fishermen, different builders ...
                      6. Andrey Zhdanov-Nedilko 3 February 2020 17: 40 New
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                        But the fact that the builder can drink more fisherman and still not get drunk is indisputable!
                      7. mat-vey 4 February 2020 04: 42 New
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                        Even a drunk fisherman has fewer home records than an average foreman.

                        “And where about the commander’s“ mistakes ”? Especially about the commanders of the beginning of 1918, because of which it was reduced ..."
                      8. Andrey Zhdanov-Nedilko 4 February 2020 09: 45 New
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                        Hmm, what can a fisherman ascribe to?!? All that is caught, welcome to the scales! And in our construction it is much different, and many things cannot be measured at all - there is even such a thing as “measured by calculation”. And in geodesy in general, you can walk around in tolerances (there are measurements of various accuracy classes), and in corrections, and in refraction, and especially the eyes of a surveyor! You will laugh - I will tell you a case: Ukraine, the city of Kremenchug, Poltava region, the beginning of the 1990s (about 1992, I will not mention it already). We loaded (poured into the ground) piles, handed it over to the surveyors, the installers arrived, mounted the base, left, the local DSK began mounting further and ... it turns out that the porches are on the wrong side of the house — screams, obscenities, searches for the guilty. In general, the project was developed by two design institutes and the wind rose was rotated 180 degrees on the installation plan of the basement and first floors, unlike other sheets, Allah knows why ... Thank God, my pile field was right! And intermediate surveyors did not pay attention to this absurdity. They didn’t punish me, but they removed something from the salaries of others, but they left the building, by the way, and didn’t alter it, although it stands on the road at the beginning of the Molodezhny residential district in block No. 286 ... People don’t even know about this mistake and the designers, but more surveyors.
                      9. mat-vey 4 February 2020 10: 25 New
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                        That's somehow indifferent to what you wrote there ... I didn’t even read it - flood.
                      10. Andrey Zhdanov-Nedilko 4 February 2020 10: 37 New
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                        Yes, for God's sake! ... I somehow did not have time to be offended ...
                      11. mat-vey 4 February 2020 11: 00 New
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                        "I somehow did not have time to be offended ..." - and this is immediately evident ...
  • Andrey Zhdanov-Nedilko 4 February 2020 10: 17 New
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    So, dear Matvey, let's begin:
    1. In my commentary, I first mentioned the leaders, and then the military commanders. Therefore, I consider L. Trotsky to be the main culprit. He did not suppress the election of commanders in early 1918 and until the summer. This was one of the most important mistakes of the new government.
    / And to recall his famous formula about the army during the Brest Peace is the same super absurdity or ... some kind of super trick, incomprehensible to the brain of a real thinking person ... /
    2.Next. Discussion of orders is generally absurd and since the days of Ancient Rome, this has not happened in the armies. An army is an army, not a parliament or a market!
    3. The exaggerated, absurd and stupid demands of the red agitators and local Siberian Bolsheviks to the units of the Czechoslovak Corps. The creation of the Ufa Directory goes in parallel and this has added red problems from the Urals to Vladivostok. The result is the overthrow of Soviet power for a long two years.
    4. The defeat of the Reds by the troops of Denikin in the Second Kuban campaign - there is no longer agitators, but the young Red Army is to blame, although Denikin had fewer troops than the Reds ...
    5. Unwinding the flywheels first of red terror, and then white in response to it. But the reds were the first! ...
    As a result, the few three White armies formed by summer (Denikin, Kolchak, Yudenich) launched an offensive: Kolchak reaches the Urals, Yudenich reaches the suburbs of Petrograd, Denikin to Orel and Tula. But again, the disunity of the White movement played a cruel joke with him. And the Reds had an advantage in the population, plus many other factors that played a role in the overall bouquet. Popular rebels such as Makhno or Grigoriev often fought against both the Reds and the Whites. Entente help was small. The demagogy among the Reds was enormous, and White did not know how to speak with the people at all. White did not seem to have a common and clear idea. Therefore, they lost. But, again, in the summer of 1918, the situation for Soviet Russia was critical. Even V.I. Lenin admitted that "... an insignificant tension of forces by the Entente countries will lead to the overthrow of our power." This quote is not verbatim, so do not carp.
    1. mat-vey 4 February 2020 10: 27 New
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      About the commanders will never be ... what a pity.
      PySy
      1. And what could have been different at that time?
      2.See paragraph 1.
      3. ?????
      4. The second Kuban campaign - in the middle of summer?
      5.About the red terror is possible without such frank lies? All the same IN, and not YouTube slop.
      1. Andrey Zhdanov-Nedilko 4 February 2020 10: 36 New
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        About commanders is not interesting, but about Trotsky I can as much as you like, but after work!
        1. mat-vey 4 February 2020 11: 01 New
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          So on topic full zilch?
  • bober1982 29 January 2020 07: 46 New
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    The duke of Leuchtenberg mentioned in the article is a title of a noble family, and such a designation is illiterate in my opinion - it turns out to be a nameless person, rightly so, Prince Sergey Georgievich Romanovsky.
    He was seconded to Slashchev as a communications officer, and he was not involved in any replenishment formation.
  • VENOM 29 January 2020 07: 48 New
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    Just a terrible amount of mistakes. Thank you for the series of articles, but you can’t publish in this raw form. The number of notifications Ctrl + Enter is limited, I didn’t even notice half the mistakes
    1. The comment was deleted.
      1. VENOM 29 January 2020 10: 34 New
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        Better still to fix before publishing. Even now there is still
  • EvilLion 29 January 2020 08: 10 New
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    Soon, under the amnesty, Slashchev returned to the USSR, joined the Red Army, taught, at the same time thoroughly drunk, for which he received sticks, and as a result was shot dead by a relative of one of those whom he hung. I remind you that he still has a title such as "The Hanger".
    1. rich 29 January 2020 09: 04 New
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      Soon, under the amnesty, Slashchev returned to the USSR, joined the Red Army, taught, at the same time thoroughly drunk, for which he received sticks, and as a result was shot dead by a relative of one of those whom he hung

    2. Flatter 29 January 2020 09: 43 New
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      According to the memoirs, while lecturing, Slashchev did not spare and cruelly ridiculed the red commanders for their mistakes and unnecessary sacrifices, leading them to white heat. He had no friends, he lived alone. Baghramyan.
      In the photo, where he is on horseback, a checker is on the right. The left one was probably
      1. bober1982 29 January 2020 09: 51 New
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        Quote: Flatter
        Had no friends, lived alone

        He was a big lover of parrots, with them and whiled away time. But, Slashchev was spoiled by the new government - stealthily tearing off the heads of parrots.
        1. Catfish 29 January 2020 14: 32 New
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          Is it your humor? Impressive ... request
          1. bober1982 29 January 2020 14: 36 New
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            Quote: Sea Cat
            Is it your humor?

            In the absence of Slashchev, cats were thrown into his room, where parrots walked. In short, they dirty him, albeit in this way.
            The old comrades cursed him; for the new, he never became his own. What a humor here.
            1. Catfish 29 January 2020 15: 46 New
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              Vladimir, hi I apologize, I didn’t know anything about cats with parrots, there is definitely no humor there. However, how small the human race is sometimes, I wonder how I can throw cats ..
              . And about Slashchev, probably correctly, he did not find his place in the new world, alas.
              1. bober1982 29 January 2020 16: 53 New
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                Quote: Sea Cat
                However, how small is the human race at times.

                I agree, it was recalled - as one person from the Constitutional Court, our contemporary, was strangled by a cat. Epochs are changing, but the human race is just as mean and petty.
      2. rich 29 January 2020 11: 04 New
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        Flatter (Ivan): In the photo, where he is on horseback, a checker is on the right. The leftist was probably

        Ivan hi But doesn’t it bother you that the turkish saddle and George in the photo are the same from the wrong side? In a hurry, the author simply inserted a mirror-inverted photograph into the article. Slashchev was not left-handed
        The correct photo looks like this:
        1. Flatter 29 January 2020 15: 01 New
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          I didn’t even notice. The Horse Guards outfit is a mystery behind seven castles. Thank you
          1. rich 29 January 2020 15: 11 New
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            I didn’t even notice.

            On the contrary, they noticed this discrepancy. You can see right away that you have a trained eye. But I only noticed this after your comment. Looks getting old
  • iouris 29 January 2020 12: 40 New
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    In the film "Running" the image of Slashchev was created, which, apparently, has little in common with the original (well, that’s understandable). The article does not say that Slashchev returned to Soviet Russia, taught at the academy, where he detailed the gross miscalculations and mistakes of his students, who sometimes shot ...
  • Charlie 29 January 2020 21: 06 New
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    Quote: Rich
    There is already a wonderful VO Igor Sofronov's article “General Yasha”
    It was written scrupulously with knowledge of the material. It is richly illustrated. It is read easily. Judge for yourself:
    ... a former guardsman, a graduate of the Nikolaev Academy of the General Staff, who went through the entire First World War in the trenches. In Grazhdanskaya he was the chief of staff of General Shkuro, in the Volunteer Army of Denikin and the Armed Forces of the South of Russia at Wrangel he commanded a brigade, division and corps, wore lieutenant general epaulets.
    And now he teaches the intelligence of the red commanders, whom he recently hit with success on the battlefields. He teaches, sarcastically sifting through the bones, all the blunders and miscalculations of authoritative commanders and officers of the army of workers and peasants.
    At one of these classes, Semyon Budyonny, who became a legend during his lifetime, unable to withstand stinging comments about the actions of his 1st Cavalry Army, unloaded a revolving drum towards the former white general. And he just spat on the fingers, stained with chalk, and calmly threw in the direction of a quiet audience: "That's how you shoot, and fight ...".
    The name of this outstanding man was Yakov Aleksandrovich Slashchev.

    link:https://topwar.ru/12833-general-yasha.html

    Probably a bike. Having discharged the entire drum at such close range, Budyonny would surely have hit. It's almost point blank. Well, how did the Reds fight? After all, they finally won.
  • BAI
    BAI 29 January 2020 22: 59 New
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    Slashchev is perhaps the only Russian general of the 20th century who believed that the great losses were not valor, but a crime. Both under the tsar and under the USSR it was considered: "The higher the loss, the higher the valor", "We will not stand the price", etc. Unfortunately, the cadets of the school staff "Shot" did not imbued with his ideas.
    1. mat-vey 31 January 2020 14: 30 New
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      DIRECTIVE OF THE MILITARY COUNCIL OF THE WESTERN FRONT

      30 March 1942 city
      Top secret
      № 3750

      To all commanders, commissars of divisions and brigades

      The Headquarters of the Supreme High Command and the Military Council of the Front receive numerous letters from the Red Army soldiers, commanders and political workers, testifying to the criminally negligent attitude of command of all degrees towards saving the lives of the Red Army infantry.

      In letters and stories, hundreds of examples are cited when the commanders of units and formations destroy hundreds and thousands of people in attacks on the enemy’s undefeated defenses and machine guns that have not been destroyed, on unsuppressed strongholds, and in a poorly prepared offensive.

      These complaints are, of course, fair and reflect only part of the existing frivolous attitude towards saving replenishment <...>.

      I demand:

      1. Every abnormal loss of people in 24 hours, thoroughly investigate and immediately make a decision, according to the results of the investigation, reporting to the higher headquarters. Commanders who have criminally thrown parts at an unsuppressed enemy fire system should be brought to the strictest responsibility and assigned to a lower position.

      2. Before an infantry attack, the enemy’s fire system must be suppressed and neutralized, for which each commander organizing the attack must have a carefully developed plan for destroying the enemy with fire and attack. Such a plan must necessarily be approved by the senior commander, which at the same time should serve as control for the senior commander.

      3. A personal explanation of the nature of the loss should be attached to the loss reports, who is responsible for the abnormal losses, what measures have been taken by the perpetrators and to prevent them [losses] in the future.

      Western Front Commander
      Army General ZhUKOV Member of the Military Council of the Western Front
      Ukrainians
      VRIO Chief of Staff of the Western Front
      Major General GOLUSHKEVICH
  • Lieutenant 11 February 2020 15: 32 New
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    The last stronghold of the white movement remained in the Far East, where the war continued until 1922 - "Assault nights of Spassk, Volochaev days."
  • Sardanapalus 28 March 2020 00: 14 New
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    "General Wrangel at this time resigned and arrived on the peninsula while on vacation." Ok so fought laughing Everything is at stake, right up to the lives of their families. And they are on vacation in retirement. They did not have their own Trotsky.