Ice patrol ship Ivan Papanin, project 23550
Vyborg Shipyard may receive an order for the construction of a patrol icebreaker of project 23550. About this сообщает Kommersant, citing sources in the shipbuilding industry.
According to the publication, the Vyborg Shipyard, which until now only built civilian vessels, is preparing to sign a contract for the construction of a patrol icebreaker of project 23550. The ship is scheduled for this summer, the transfer to the customer in 2024. According to the sources of the publication, the icebreaker will not be built in the interests of the Russian Navy, but for the FSB of Russia, more precisely - for the border guards.
Currently for Russian fleet two ships of this series are being built at the Admiralty Shipyards. The head icebreaker "Ivan Papanin" was laid in April 2017, launched in October 2019, the first production "Nikolai Zubov" was laid in November 2019. The delivery dates to the fleet are 2023 and 2024, respectively.
The ice class patrol ships (combat icebreakers) of the 23550 project were developed by the Almaz Central Marine Design Bureau (CMKB) as a replacement for the military icebreakers of the 21180 project, through which only one icebreaker, Ilya Muromets, was built and handed over to the fleet.
The vessel is capable of performing the tasks of a tugboat, patrol ship and an icebreaker. The ship is intended for the protection and monitoring of water resources in difficult ice conditions, escorting and towing detained vessels to the port, escorting and supporting support vessels, participating in rescue operations, transporting special cargoes.
The icebreaker is capable of speeds up to 18 knots. Displacement - about 8500 tons, length - over 100 m, width - about 20 m, sailing autonomy - about 70 days. Cruising range - 10 thousand nautical miles. An icebreaker can cross ice fields up to 1,7 meters thick.
The ship is armed with AK-176MA automatic artillery and can be equipped with a caliber launcher for cruise missiles. In addition, one multi-purpose helicopter is based on the ship. However, in the FSB version, the armament of the ship may be different, since its main task will be to protect the state border of Russia.