Hard to learn, easy to fight
Military conflicts of today have demonstrated the importance of engineering support for the advancing troops. A small slip on the shore, and you lose the benefits one after another: the pace is slowed down, disguise is ineffective, as a result of which the equipment itself is destroyed. In order to prevent similar incidents and doctrines exist. One of the training points is located two kilometers from the city of Murom, where about a hundred units of military equipment and special vehicles for such exercises were dug. This pontoon-crossing battalion is located here for the sole purpose of mastering the inter-military cooperation. In the spotlight: 400 people who will provide overcoming the water barrier. And if at least one operation person does not understand his task, then the military equipment will not budge, and the teachings will fail. But here the guys are not one of those!
A week is allotted for the preparation of exercises. The general idea is this: the enemy on the left bank is retreating towards Murom, having had time to dig in and set up the minefields. Our aerial reconnaissance detects the direction of movement, strongholds and fire weapons of the enemy. After that, the combat reconnaissance patrol checks the starting line, crosses and conducts reconnaissance. Identified enemy firing points are destroyed by the head camp outpost. The tactical airborne assault helps her in this from another direction. Then tanks and artillery hit directly at the enemy. SU-34 adds a headache to the advancing reserves of the enemy, and the outpost crosses the river on the move and captures the bridgehead. At the same time, the equipment of pontoon crossings, the transportation of ammunition, the movement of armored vehicles and the evacuation of the wounded take place. It remains to cut off enemy reinforcements and you can build a floating bridge over which equipment will pass into the captured area. The average duration of an operation should be 1,5-2 hours, but let's start in order.
Neither the tank, nor the BMP, nor the pontoon car can drive through dense forests and dash slopes. In order to easily clear the road to the starting line, you need a trackman. Although the official BAT-2 classification sounds like a means of overcoming and destroying an obstacle, the car has such a formidable and warlike appearance that it seems that its mission is to destroy. The weight of the track loader is 40 tons, and the engine power reaches 710 horsepower. The base for the machine is the MT-T tractor. A bulldozer, a crane and a winch are installed on it, which, by the way, can pull 25 tons. The BAT-2 cabin is completely tight and isolated from the outside world. Behind, in the sapper compartment, you can accommodate another 6 people, which makes the track layer almost a universal assistant.
Engineering reconnaissance patrol (IRD for short) can operate in various formulations and on various means. The task of the fighters is not only to neutralize the mines established by the enemy, but also to obtain the data that is necessary for the final choice of the crossing, whether it be an amphibious, ferry or bridge.
The tasks of a tactical airborne assault include the capture and retention of various strategically important points. Its advantage is extreme mobility. It is impossible to predict where and when the landing will be, even with the most accurate intelligence available. The actions of the landing are directly supervised by the brigade commander. The detachment is transported by helicopter MI-8MT, in which 24 people can be freely accommodated, not counting three crew members. In these exercises, the helicopter, after landing, is sent for additional loading, but not by people, but by mines. For mining, PFM-1C is used. The prefix "C" means that the mine self-destructs after a certain time. PMF-1C is a mine of push action. It looks like a small petal and is used against infantry. In total, one helicopter can accommodate 116 cartridges with mines in four hanging containers. Theoretically, this will create a minefield with a length of almost two kilometers.
An important participant in our large-scale training is PMM-2 ferry-bridge vehicles, designed for crossing tanks, self-propelled artillery installations and other equipment based on the tank over water obstacles. PMM-2 is the dream of any pontoon - self-propelled, floating and has two pontoons that fold out when you press one button using the hydraulics. The docking devices of the machine provide a trouble-free connection to the ferry with a lifting capacity of 85 tons, which is enough in excess. When crossing, tanks, and indeed all combat vehicles must be in first gear and activated by a hand brake. The engine must be turned off. As a result, three 60-ton ferries formed a giant floating bridge, onto which tanks and BAT were loaded. While the equipment is being transported, the MI-8 helicopter will mine the approaches and cut off possible enemy reinforcements. After the floating bridge has been built, the main forces of the brigade pass along it, and then technical and logistical support.
The largest exercises of the engineering troops of recent times have ended. Corns and abrasions will pass and be forgotten, but the science gained by such efforts will not be forgotten. There is no place for rivalry between divisions; everyone is united by one common cause. This is discipline on the verge of courage, this is the engineering troops.