Russian submarines will receive special missiles for breaking ice in the Arctic

Russian submarines will receive special missiles for breaking ice in the Arctic

Russian nuclear submarines will soon receive special rockets for arsenal to create ice wormwood in the ice for combat missions. Corresponding rockets have already been created and are currently being tested.


As the Ministry of Defense explained, special unguided rockets have been developed for Russian nuclear submarines that are designed to break ice before launching missiles or surfacing a submarine; in addition, they can be used to make an ice hole for surfacing a rescue capsule. Currently, these shells are being tested as part of nuclear submarines of projects 955 "Borey" and 855 "Ash" in the North navy.

It is noted that during the tests, ice crackers confirmed the ability to make an ice hole in any ice and hummocks in the right place. Submarines will be able to launch LDCs not only from the ice position, but also being on the surface.

The Russian Navy used standard submarine torpedoes to make ice holes in the ice, but the practice of using torpedoes showed the insufficient effectiveness of this method and the need to create a special ammunition for breaking ice.

As Izvestia writes with reference to the Ministry of Defense, tests of special missiles began in the summer of 2014, details of the new development are not given.

Recall that in the 60s of the last century between the USSR and the United States there was a kind of race to reach the North Pole under the ice with submarines and surfacing there. The first Soviet submarine to reach the North Pole in 1962 was the K-3 Lenin Komsomol. However, the submarine could not emerge due to the thickness of the ice up to 5 meters.

The second Soviet submarine K-181 of project 627A Kit was able to surface at the pole, having overcome more than 1 thousand nautical miles under the ice. On September 29, 1963, at the North Pole, sailors raised the state and naval flags of the USSR.
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  1. Thrall 24 January 2020 11: 16 New
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    Will there be a civilian option for winter fishing? smile
    1. Tiksi-3 24 January 2020 11: 20 New
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      Quote: Thrall
      The civilian option for winter fishing will be

      I wonder what kind of fish you can catch in the North Sea ocean? .... it’s there, not in the seas freed from ice in the summer
      1. Victor_B 24 January 2020 11: 21 New
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        Quote: Tiksi-3
        I wonder what kind of fish can you catch in the North Ocean ice?

        Well, very large!
        Very dangerous!
        1. Hunter 2 24 January 2020 11: 26 New
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          Very necessary rockets! The ability to strike back will be faster! good
          Good supplement to our STRATEGIES!
          1. Shurik70 24 January 2020 13: 19 New
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            If you have already been told in the media, it means that the information has already gone to “friends” and there is no need to keep a secret.
            Otherwise, would be held. It’s a good surprise.
        2. bouncyhunter 24 January 2020 11: 28 New
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          Along the way, and PU for the civilian variant must be developed. For installation on UAZ vehicles. wink
      2. tihonmarine 24 January 2020 11: 24 New
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        Quote: Tiksi-3
        I wonder what kind of fish can you catch in the North Ocean ice?

        Well, the capelin is definitely stifled.
        1. Tiksi-3 24 January 2020 11: 42 New
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          Quote: tihonmarine
          Well, the capelin is definitely stifled

          there is no capelin there! .... a lot of things are not there ... from fish ...
          1. tihonmarine 24 January 2020 11: 48 New
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            Quote: Tiksi-3
            there is no capelin there! .... a lot of things are not there ... from fish ...

            If there is water, then there is fish, and what it is is the second question.
            1. Tiksi-3 24 January 2020 12: 12 New
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              Quote: tihonmarine
              If there is water, then there is fish

              in the toilet there is the same water you catch there ??
              or do you assure that capelin is there?
              1. tihonmarine 24 January 2020 13: 07 New
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                Quote: Tiksi-3
                in the toilet there is the same water you catch there ??
                or do you assure that capelin is there?

                There is water with bleach in the toilet; capelin does not live there.
          2. Far East 24 January 2020 11: 49 New
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            there is no capelin there! ... to you, huge ------- (minus) Google to help!
            1. Tiksi-3 24 January 2020 12: 15 New
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              Quote: Far East
              there is no capelin there! ... to you, huge ------- (minus) Google to help!

              belay I wrote that there is a capelin ?? ?? ... did not wake up?
              if you consider the Barents Sea to be the Arctic Ocean, then yes .....
              1. Far East 24 January 2020 12: 23 New
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                have a rest ... those yura!
    2. Chaldon48 24 January 2020 11: 45 New
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      There will be a special fishing rod with a bomb instead of sinkers. Wait and prepare a bag of money.
    3. Piramidon 24 January 2020 11: 53 New
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      Quote: Thrall
      Will there be a civilian option for winter fishing? smile

      After the explosion, it will only be a net to pick up the emerging fish. laughing
      1. rich 24 January 2020 15: 32 New
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        New “cracker” missiles will seriously expand the capabilities of Russian nuclear submarines
    4. venik 24 January 2020 16: 01 New
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      Quote: Thrall
      Will there be a civilian option for winter fishing? smile

      =======
      laughing Yes it will! Will be!!! When will the number of likely victims be counted (among other fans of "ice fishing")! lol drinks
  2. Operator 24 January 2020 11: 16 New
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    A logical solution, since the ascent of a nuclear submarine by breaking ice with a hull takes from 6 to 12 hours (an exception is the Soviet SSBN project 941 Shark, whose SLBMs were equipped with circular cumulative charges for breaking ice during an underwater launch).
    1. Vladimir_2U 24 January 2020 11: 28 New
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      Yes, I remember not so long ago fighting on this topic. Some comrades hit with a heel in the chest that a rocket with its own head should break through the ice.
      1. Operator 24 January 2020 11: 31 New
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        The SLBM hull is not designed for such shock loads, and if it were, then the casting weight would decrease by an order of magnitude.
        1. Vladimir_2U 24 January 2020 11: 32 New
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          Yeah, but it was just useless to clarify.
      2. garri-lin 25 January 2020 09: 37 New
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        Some comrades tried to convey to the public that either the ice was thin enough so that a rocket could penetrate it. Or make a huge wormwood. And there is no half measure here that this article actually confirms. No ring charges on the rocket itself can overcome thick ice.
        1. Vladimir_2U 25 January 2020 12: 14 New
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          Quote: garri-lin
          No ring charges on the rocket itself
          Ring charges on a rocket, who wrote this? That's about the ice break just a rocket wrote, yes.
          1. garri-lin 25 January 2020 12: 29 New
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            Quote: Vladimir_2U
            What are some thoughts about breaking ICBMs? The first thing that came to mind, the leading ring cumulative charge, on a segmented substrate, so that the blow would go up more and to the sides, and the fragments (segments) of the substrate would not interfere with the ascent and launch of the rocket
            Well, like a quote. The Internet remembers everything. And I wrote about the ice break by the rocket. You can continue to kick.
            1. Vladimir_2U 25 January 2020 13: 26 New
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              Where do you see the "charge on the rocket"? There is a leader, there is on the substrate, but NO on the rocket.
              1. garri-lin 25 January 2020 16: 20 New
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                That is, he also had no connection with the rocket? This is difficult for a single shot. Dlch volley does not fit well. And the boat is either in one gulp, or it’s a drill. Or she does not shoot the entire ammunition and drowns with it. How to align the hole in the ice and the trajectory of the rocket? And do not damage the rocket with a close explosion? Water hammer from the explosion.
                1. Vladimir_2U 25 January 2020 17: 04 New
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                  Quote: garri-lin
                  That is, you still had nothing to do with the rocket

                  Hallelujah! At least it came to you! And here is the word leading You could not attach a charge to the word. Doesn’t it reach that a charge can emerge from the same mine, but much faster than a rocket? (lead)that would have reached the ice earlier? What is difficult to understand?
                  Quote: garri-lin
                  on a segmented substrate, so that the blow is more up and goes along the sides
                  What is incomprehensible in this? Or do you think the water hammer, intentionally weakened by a substrate, and even cumulative, that is, by definition, strengthened in one direction, and weakened in the rest, is more dangerous for a rocket than an ice ram with its own warhead? You will learn to understand what is written. You can of course persist in breaking the ice with the rocket body, but a little advice, read the comments below, see the link, it's unlikely that this will change anything, but you never know, a miracle will happen.
                  http://militaryrussia.ru/blog/topic-441.html
                  1. Operator 25 January 2020 17: 43 New
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                    The ice breaking device R-39UTTH was a small multi-plate ballistic fuel taxiway with nozzles pointing upwards. RD was attached to the so-called depreciation system - strapping the rocket body together with another small solid propellant rocket engine (to create a gas cavity), ring seals (for the implementation of a mortar launch from a mine launcher) and a ring explosive charge (to discharge the suspension system after lifting the rocket from the water).

                    Comprehensive (fast) burning checkers were fired at the calculated point when the R-39UTTX approached the ice surface and broke the ice with a torch of powder gases from the RD nozzles.
                    1. Vladimir_2U 25 January 2020 18: 26 New
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                      Where is all this link ?! I understand that I personally put forward my own assumption and defend it, but you write as if it is, but there are no links! And the content is not searched! Here it is:
                      In the future, it was planned to install small rockets with an explosive charge on the ARSS, which, if ice was launched, would start a little earlier than the rocket itself and penetrate wormwood for it.
                      and the author of these words in the subject understands more than you and me:
                      About the Developer
                      Grigoriev Yuri Pavlovich, Doctor of Technical Sciences, Professor, USSR State Prize Laureate, Honored Inventor of the RSFSR, author of 79 inventions and two scientific discoveries. He worked at KBM for 26 years, 1971-1980. - Deputy Chief Designer of Academician V.P. Makeev for designing - head of the design department of KBM

                      https://www.arms-expo.ru/news/archive/ot-podvodnogo-starta-k-podlednomu06-06-2013-14-00-00/
                      What, it was difficult to insert a link, or at least not to twist the text?
                  2. garri-lin 25 January 2020 18: 31 New
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                    Zarchd then it can pop up just as the rocket then will fall into the hole of the pierced charge. Yes, and with a guarantee that it will not hook the walls. This is the proper time. Two what should be the interval between shots so that the missiles do not interfere with each other.
                    Well, that’s all. Pearl about the weakening of water hammer by some mythical substrate shows the level. And only a person with a modern education can talk about the direction of hydroblow depending on the direction of the explosion.
                    I'll take a look later. But I will not refuse my words. Either the missile pierces what it can penetrate or just do not fly. The damage from an explosion will be more than the damage from an impact.
                    1. Vladimir_2U 25 January 2020 18: 57 New
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                      Quote: garri-lin
                      And about the direction of water hammer depending on the direction of the explosion
                      Well, the cumulative charge is clearly empty words for you, and the fact that the deep bombs in the explosion below the submarine were more dangerous than the higher, at approximately the same distance you are definitely not aware, but you should write about the directed explosion, not to mention the Davis gun, if you are not able to draw a simple analogy.
                      Quote: garri-lin
                      Zarchd then it can pop up just as the rocket then will fall into the hole with that charge pierced
                      Here is an explosion and provides a larger wormwood diameter than rockets.
                      Quote: garri-lin
                      Two what should be the interval between shots so that the missiles do not interfere with each other.
                      Pts just! The boat moves when salvo firing! The interval is automatically provided! But the rocket when leaving the mine instantly loses lateral speed, and if it is not specifically directed to the side, it pops up strictly! That's it, the rocket has stabilized and the charge goes up ahead of the charge, and on its engine, and then the rocket passes into the broken through wormwood.
                      Quote: garri-lin
                      But I will not refuse my words. Either the missile pierces what it can penetrate or just do not fly
                      This is not even stupidity, this is idiocy, sorry. Even the drawings do not need to be watched, schematic images are enough to understand the complexity of ICBMs, but not for you, it’s already clear.
                      1. garri-lin 25 January 2020 19: 20 New
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                        The points. 1. The strength of the hydroblow will be approximately the same for a high-explosive and cumulative charge of the same power. For the deep relative to the submarine, everything is logical. The deeper the higher the pressure. In the explosion at the border of water and ice, the entire impact will be reflected from the ice and go down.
                        2. More wormwood, more charge, more water hammer.
                        3. Does the rocket lose lateral speed? Is it by the laws of physics? Inertia canceled? Both the rocket and the penetration charge will have lateral speed. And very different because of the mass. I will reopen the question. How does a rocket fall into a wormwood broken by a charge? The mass will divert more by inertia towards the movement of the boat more.
                        4. That is, the complexity of the ICBM and its assumed fragility are not important in terms of hydroblow from a charge capable of breaking through thick ice?
                      2. Vladimir_2U 25 January 2020 19: 25 New
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                        Your intellectual level is revealed by this:
                        Quote: garri-lin
                        Does the rocket lose lateral speed? Is it by the laws of physics? Inertia canceled? Both the rocket and the penetration charge will have lateral speed. And very different because of the mass
                        The density of water and the sailing of a rocket in a lateral projection is physics, very, very simple, and if you are not able to add these things, then what is there to discuss with you ?!
                      3. garri-lin 25 January 2020 19: 28 New
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                        The mass of the rocket relative to the windage and the mass of your precharge have a difference of several orders of magnitude. What will take more? How much?
                      4. Vladimir_2U 25 January 2020 19: 31 New
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                        Do you know the mathematical concept of order? And the definition of the word "several"?
                      5. garri-lin 25 January 2020 19: 36 New
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                        I went over 50 tons and 50 kg is the order. But still, the difference in inertia is huge.
            2. Vladimir_2U 25 January 2020 19: 13 New
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              In the future, it was planned to install small rockets with an explosive charge on the ARSS, which, if ice was launched, would start a little earlier than the rocket itself and penetrate wormwood for it.

              and the author of these words in the subject understands more than you and me:
              About the Developer
              Grigoriev Yuri Pavlovich, Doctor of Technical Sciences, Professor, USSR State Prize Laureate, Honored Inventor of the RSFSR, author of 79 inventions and two scientific discoveries. He worked at KBM for 26 years, 1971-1980. - Deputy Chief Designer of Academician V.P. Makeev for designing - head of the design department of KBM

              https://www.arms-expo.ru/news/archive/ot-podvodnogo-starta-k-podlednomu06-06-2013-14-00-00/
              1. garri-lin 25 January 2020 19: 25 New
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                The submarine deck guard is designed for breaking ice of 2,5 meters. We take it for the most difficult ice situation in which a start by surfacing is possible. What should be the weight of explosives in order to guarantee break through such ice and clear with ice of ice from the remnants of ice. So that the size of the lift was sufficient for the launch of the rocket.
              2. Vladimir_2U 25 January 2020 19: 28 New
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                You are the recipient of non-modern education, count it. After all, the calculation of the cumulative charge was taught before, not like now.
              3. garri-lin 25 January 2020 19: 30 New
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                The cumulative charge will not clear with wormwood. This is for reference. There will be massive pieces of ice that need to be disposed of. The weight of the charge in the studio !!!!!
              4. Vladimir_2U 25 January 2020 19: 52 New
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                Are you an expert on the properties of ice? You don’t really understand about water either. Otherwise, such nonsense would not have been written:
                Quote: garri-lin
                The mass of the rocket relative to the windage and the mass of your precharge have a difference of several orders of magnitude

                Quote: garri-lin
                The cumulative charge will not clear with wormwood. This is for reference.

                Oh oh I’ll definitely bring it to a sluggish state.
                Quote: garri-lin
                The weight of the charge in the studio !!!!!
                Can you calculate something by this weight? You yourself are not funny? And why are you not interested in the form of charge, brisance, explosiveness? They didn’t even take an interest in the brand of explosives. This is an indicator, yes. Well, for example, haha, 10 kilograms of black powder? What did it give you? Maybe it will at least give something?
                In the future, it was planned to install small rockets with an explosive charge on the ARSS, which, if ice was launched, would start a little earlier than the rocket itself and penetrate wormwood for it.

                About the Developer
                Grigoriev Yuri Pavlovich, Doctor of Technical Sciences, Professor, USSR State Prize Laureate, Honored Inventor of the RSFSR, author of 79 inventions and two scientific discoveries. He worked at KBM for 26 years, 1971-1980. - Deputy Chief Designer of Academician V.P. Makeev for designing - head of the design department of KBM
              5. garri-lin 25 January 2020 20: 10 New
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                10 kg of black powder will amuse seals. Midshipman sneezes louder. A sloppy state? Without large pieces? Encouraging. Just how many explosives are needed for this? 10 kg? Or 100? Watch videos about ice blasting on rivers. Pay attention to the thickness of the ice and the amount of explosives. And the result.
  • rudolff 24 January 2020 11: 55 New
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    The R-39 had no cumulative charges and it didn’t cut ice. In the head part was located the ARSS, which included gas generators for creating a gas cavity and rocket drift engines in case of a failure of the first stage engine.
    1. The comment was deleted.
    2. Operator 24 January 2020 12: 14 New
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      You are right - the possibility of passing through the ice was realized in the experimental R-39UTTX SLBM, which was supposed to replace the R-29.

      Multi-plate tandem solid propellant rocket propeller cracking ice breaking and u-turn missiles weighing 29 kg
      1. Vladimir_2U 25 January 2020 06: 05 New
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        And you mixed a bunch of two different engines!
        Solid rocket cracking system, solid rocket turning system. Engines multi-casing type "tandem" of all-round burning with ballistic gunpowder. For example, 3L-91.30.19 and 3L-91.1.10.29.
        Fuel Type - Ballistic Solid Fuel
        The mass of the engine of the ice breaking system is 29 kg (presumably)
        There is no And !!

        On this picture
        Schematic representation of solid-state solid-propellant solid propellant solid propellant rocket propulsion burner type tandem all-round burning with ballistic fuel
        , is not at all the engine of either a hacking system or a reversal system, but a conventional engine.
        http://militaryrussia.ru/blog/topic-441.html
        1. Operator 25 January 2020 12: 18 New
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          You quoted the end of a paragraph from the military (with the exception of the term "conditional"), I am the beginning laughing
    3. ser56 24 January 2020 12: 44 New
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      Quote: rudolff
      . In the head part was located ARSS,

      exactly where fairy tales grow from ... request
    4. Vladimir_2U 25 January 2020 12: 15 New
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      And it's not about the R-39, but about the R-39UTTX.
      1. rudolff 25 January 2020 14: 13 New
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        I answered the Operator, who wrote about the 941st project. There is a P-39. As for Bark, the rocket was hacked at the stage of the LTI, so it makes no sense to discuss what it could or could not do.
  • Starover_Z 24 January 2020 13: 23 New
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    Quote: Operator
    Logical decision

    That's why only voice in full voice?
    Russian nuclear submarines will soon receive special rockets for arsenal to create ice wormwood in the ice for combat missions. Corresponding rockets have already been created and are currently being tested.

    Draining strategic information to a "likely" "partner"? So they do that too ?!
  • Victor_B 24 January 2020 11: 16 New
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    Very interesting!
    I do not consider myself a technical genius, but about 40 years ago, when they began to write something about breaking ice in the Arctic, I simply thought that it was being blown up.
    Blast with "specially trained" self-propelled products.
    Could there really be no means for making artificial wormwood in the Navy?
    Maybe NEW, unusual ways have simply been developed?
    Maybe because the explosions unmask the ascent?
    1. Piramidon 24 January 2020 11: 56 New
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      Quote: Victor_B
      Could there really be no means for making artificial wormwood in the Navy?

      They broke through the torpedoes, the remains of the hull of the boat.
    2. knn54 24 January 2020 12: 15 New
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      It was like using a device (such as an echo sounder) to look for wormwood (ice thickness no more than 0,5 ... 0,8 m). And then the hull.
      1. rudolff 24 January 2020 15: 34 New
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        Sounder called.
    3. Dmitry V. 24 January 2020 14: 03 New
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      Quote: Victor_B
      Could there really be no means for making artificial wormwood in the Navy?


      The task of getting a rocket into the wormwood when the boat is moving from a depth of 50 m is not trivial in itself :)), and taking into account the unpredictable number of fragments in the wormwood after opening it is a difficult task.

      ARSS allowed to shoot through the ice of a certain thickness.
      Exiting through hummock ice was an unresolved problem when the idea came up to use NURSs for opening wormwood.


      So they solved this very difficult problem.
      In general, this is a verdict to the adversary - areas of patrolling the PLO under old and hummocky ice - will increase at times, which will require the adversary to also increase the funds of the PLO at times.
      1. rudolff 24 January 2020 15: 31 New
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        Do not shoot through wormwood. This task was really posed, but with a reservation: according to the conditions at the discretion of the commander. No fools were found. And they didn’t shoot through the ice.
      2. Vladimir_2U 25 January 2020 06: 11 New
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        At the same time, the capabilities of PLO aviation are sharply reduced.
  • antivirus 24 January 2020 11: 26 New
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    also, a drilling rig based on two (or all front) torp devices needs to be created - to make tunnels in Antarctica and Greenland. and from under the ice, from land, launch an otvetka through the adversary.
  • smaug78 24 January 2020 11: 35 New
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    Again the yellow Izvestia. I would like that the news turned out to be true, but given that they write "Izvestia" - most likely another fake (((
  • iouris 24 January 2020 11: 40 New
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    Nothing has been done yet, and the advertisement has already begun (as if it were an export product).
  • aszzz888 24 January 2020 11: 49 New
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    The Russian Navy used standard submarine torpedoes to make ice holes in the ice, but the practice of using torpedoes showed the insufficient effectiveness of this method and the need to create a special ammunition for breaking ice.

    It’s time already !!! good
  • Thrifty 24 January 2020 11: 59 New
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    In general, sometimes, about some developments you need to be silent for a long time and persistently! The government has adopted a number of laws and decrees on the secrecy regime in the field of military development, but it is all in a row that it is totally disclosed. ...
    1. Dmitry V. 24 January 2020 13: 46 New
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      Quote: Thrifty
      In general, sometimes, about some developments you need to be silent for a long time and persistently! The government has adopted a number of laws and decrees on the secrecy regime in the field of military development, but it is all in a row that it is totally disclosed.


      Even knowing the principle - it does not give anything.
  • JD1979 24 January 2020 12: 24 New
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    Awesomely necessary thing, especially given the statements made by rocket manufacturers more than once that the characteristics of their products, which have no analogues, allow you to launch the latter almost from the pier.
    "Megamind" from MO, where are the modern simulators and the "Package"? You have boats - take your ass with your bare hands, completely defenseless.
  • Dmitry V. 24 January 2020 12: 25 New
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    They realized this option - the main problem was that the resulting wormwood was full of pieces of ice.
  • thinker 24 January 2020 12: 32 New
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    Submarines will be able to launch LDCs not only from the ice position, but also being on the surface.
    And where and why on the surface then? Unclear request
    1. asv363 24 January 2020 13: 25 New
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      So what if, in front of our boat, an American comes up? If that - they took it as a target, what are the questions for submariners?
  • Vladimir Mashkov 24 January 2020 14: 04 New
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    If the news is true, then it’s very good: it will allow floating pop-up in any desired place in the Arctic. And before that all the time there was a thought about limiting the possibility of ascent: after all, wormwood in the north is not everywhere!
  • Guru 24 January 2020 14: 12 New
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    The good news smile If earlier, to launch a rocket, a submarine had to come up to break ice, but now this will not have to be done. True, they had already tried to cut ice through torpedoes, but the effect was not satisfactory. Developing a full-time system is good news.
  • Kerensky 24 January 2020 16: 12 New
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    Just do not understand why rockets? Is it necessary to use a jet engine under water, or is there enough rubber?
  • Dikson 24 January 2020 17: 15 New
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    Once upon a time there lived in the USSR an ardent communist science-fiction writer A. Kazantsev ... and so he had heroic captains for piloting a caravan in the Arctic pack ice, simply undermined a nuclear low-power charge and melted all the ice to Benin’s mother ... because the situation when the submarine gets the order for a volley of missiles at the enemy is automatically equated to Armageddon, what's the difference? The main thing is to make a half-moon above the boat .. and with what and how, these are insignificant details ...
    1. rruvim 24 January 2020 17: 37 New
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      Quote: Dikson
      The main thing is to make a half-moon above the boat.

      It seems so ... I made a wormwood - lit up. It was lit up - in seconds "kirdyk". Everything is tough (at the time of the “crisis” the whole Arctic will be filled with P-8, and Amers have more than 120 of them). Only the start of SLBMs with breaking through ice can compensate for stealth. The “Mace" does not have this opportunity. It is necessary to "hollow" the hole.
  • rruvim 24 January 2020 17: 27 New
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    That's right, the "operator" wrote here, it was the R-39UTTX that could quite solve the problems (actually for this purpose it was created) of breaking through the ice cover and more .. But now the "mace" ....
  • lopuhan2006 25 January 2020 00: 46 New
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    The mechanics and type of impact on the ice are interesting. Serious job. Many questions to this method. Unmasking, range, where the launch comes from, the number of shorter slides and movies in the studio.
  • lopuhan2006 25 January 2020 00: 49 New
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    Quote: Dikson
    Once upon a time there lived in the USSR an ardent communist science-fiction writer A. Kazantsev ... and so he had heroic captains for piloting a caravan in the Arctic pack ice, simply undermined a nuclear low-power charge and melted all the ice to Benin’s mother ... because the situation when the submarine gets the order for a volley of missiles at the enemy is automatically equated to Armageddon, what's the difference? The main thing is to make a half-moon above the boat .. and with what and how, these are insignificant details ...

    I reread the "ice back" several times and did not pay attention to ideology, but the tsunami and nuclear explosion were very memorable.
    1. garri-lin 25 January 2020 10: 33 New
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      +1
      White dwarf, the trend of the season. The strongest thing in the book is the astronaut’s conversation with the autopilot of a patrol rocket. I still remember.
  • Operator 25 January 2020 19: 22 New
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    Quote: Vladimir_2U
    "Further"

    I do not know anything about the future, but I got acquainted with the figure, description and weight of the solid propellant rocket engine for breaking ice. What logically follows the scheme of breaking ice described by me.

    By the way, in the comments there is one with particularly valuable information that even the serial R-29 had limited capabilities for breaking thin ice by forcing it through a gas cavity formed by another specialized solid propellant rocket engine.
  • lvov_aleksey 25 January 2020 23: 00 New
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    drinks good lol
    cool hang yourself who's scared