Modular MLRS "Tamnava" (Serbia)


Layout promising MLRS at EDEX-2018. Photo Armyrecognition.com


The Serbian state-owned company Yugoimport SDPR offers foreign customers a wide selection of various weapons and equipment of its own production. Since last year, the product catalog contains the promising modular multiple launch rocket system "Tamnava". Its characteristic feature is the ability to use shells of caliber 122 and 267 mm with increased efficiency.

Exhibition samples


Materials on the Tamnava project were first presented in December 2018 at the Egyptian exhibition EDEX. At the Yugoimport stand there were advertising posters and a large-scale MLRS model with two sets of packages for different types of missiles. At that time, it was argued that a full-fledged prototype should soon appear, and if orders were available, mass production could be launched.

Soon, the Serbian industry fulfilled its promise and in June demonstrated the prototype “Tamnava” with all the necessary equipment. Specialists and the public were able to inspect the product and evaluate its design.

In October 2019, a military parade was held in Belgrade in honor of the 75th anniversary of the liberation of the city from Nazi invaders. In the parade involved various serial and promising samples, including new multi-purpose MLRS.

Modular architecture


The main objective of the Tamnava project was to create a modern MLRS capable of effectively delivering strikes with various types of rockets. All this was achieved through the use of modern components and a modular architecture that allows you to replace the basic structural elements.


Experienced "Tamnava" at the exhibition in 2019. Photo by Yugoimport SDPR / yugoimport.com

At the heart of the "Tamnava" in its current form is the four-axle chassis "KamAZ-6560" of Russian production. An armored cabin is installed on it, and behind it is a platform for the target equipment. On the cargo area are sequentially located their own crane, replaceable modules with spare ammunition and launcher. The platform is equipped with jacks for hanging.

In the rear of the machine placed launcher with remote control. Provided horizontal aiming within 110 ° to the right and left of the axis and vertical from 3 ° to 60 °. The installation has a movable frame with mounts for mounting two launch modules with missiles.

In front of the launcher, a space is provided for transporting two additional modules that are moved by crane. After the main ammunition is fired, the crew can remove the empty modules and replace them with spare ones for a new salvo. Then MLRS needs the help of a transport vehicle with new modules.

The launch module is made in the form of a rectangular protected unit with longitudinal guiding tubes for rockets. Two options for such modules are offered. One is designed to store and launch 122-mm missiles and carries 25 such products. Rockets caliber 267 mm fit in the amount of six pieces. Thus, the ready-to-use ammunition of the Tamnava MLRS includes 50 shells of 122 mm caliber or 12 267 mm caliber.


View from a different angle. Photo Yugoimport SDPR / yugoimport.com

The combat vehicle can use all existing 122-mm rockets of the type of ammunition of the Soviet "Grad". Several rockets of 267 mm caliber with different characteristics and capabilities are also offered. When using shells of a smaller caliber, "Tamnava" hits targets at ranges up to 40 km; range of 267 mm products - up to 70 km.

The fire control system includes inertial and satellite navigation, as well as a radio station for data exchange. Calculation of data for firing and aiming control are automated; modes for the use of shells of various types and calibers are provided. Shooting is single, series or full ammunition with an adjustable interval. Declared high accuracy achieved by jacks, perfect LMS and guidance drives.

The crew consists of three people and is located in the cockpit. Its safety is ensured by bulletproof armor and glazing. The windshield is additionally covered by a folding grate. During preparation and during firing, the crew remains in its place and performs all operations remotely. If necessary, the remote control can be removed from the machine and used with a 25th cable.

For self-defense, the crew has a heavy machine gun on a characteristic cabin superstructure. Smoke grenade launchers are also provided on the forehead of the cabin.


Launcher in the fighting position. On the left are modules for additional ammunition. Photo Yugoimport SDPR / yugoimport.com

Due to the specific layout, the Tamnava MLRS is distinguished by its large dimensions. The length of the combat vehicle is 10,5 m with a width of 2,6 and a height of 2,8 m. The combat weight with the heaviest ammunition configuration reaches 35 tons. At the same time, the vehicle is able to move along the highway and off-road, overcome obstacles, etc.

Obvious advantages


The Tamnava project is based on several interesting ideas that can influence combat qualities. With the help of standardized launch modules, this MLRS can use a wide range of shells of two calibers. At the same time, the machine carries both ready-to-use and additional ammunition, and is also capable of independently replacing modules for a new salvo.

Other design features should also be noted. This is the use of a load-lifting highly mobile wheel chassis, an armored cab, maximum automation of processes, etc. Such solutions are actively used in almost all modern projects and have long shown themselves to be in the best possible way.

"Tamnava" stands out in the line of MLRS Serbian production, offered for export. In terms of calibers, it can only be compared with the M-87 Orkan system, which carries 12 262 mm caliber missiles with a range of 50 km. Only the M-94 Plamen-S system of 128 mm caliber has the ability to transport additional ammunition. Otherwise, the new sample is unique and compares favorably with older ones.


"Tamnava" in the parade. Photo by the Ministry of Defense of Serbia

An important advantage of the MLRS "Tamnava" is the ability to use 122-mm rockets of all existing models. Such ammunition is very widespread around the world, which has known consequences. Any army with stockpiles of such missiles could become a potential customer for Tamnava - for the benefit of itself and its manufacturer.

Commercial prospects


From a technical point of view and in its combat qualities, the new Serbian MLRS Tamnava is of great interest. This sample is quite capable of finding a place in the armies of different countries. However, bringing the system to the market can be very difficult.

First of all, the Serbian army can order a new MLRS. Moreover, the Serbian military has already shown “Tamnava” at the parade. However, a prototype was involved in the events, and mass production has not yet begun.

“Tamnavoy” may be interested in foreign countries who want to upgrade rocket artillery and have large reserves of 122-mm shells. In this case, the new equipment will allow for re-equipment with maximum effect and minimum expenditure. However, negotiations on export contracts have not yet been reported.

In general, the new Serbian development looks quite interesting and promising. She is quite capable of finding her place in the armies of different countries and increasing their combat effectiveness. However, Tamnava is not the only model of its kind in the market, and it will have to face serious competition. Perhaps Yugoimport will be able to find customers, and then the new MLRS will realize all its advantages.
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  1. The leader of the Redskins 15 February 2020 18: 31 New
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    An important advantage of the MLRS "Tamnava" is the ability to use 122-mm rockets of all existing models.
    But what, our "city", the progenitors of all MLRS of this caliber have some kind of limitations? A strange advantage is indicated ...
    1. Range 16 February 2020 00: 00 New
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      I recall the Soviet film "Zhenya, Zhenechka, Katyusha" - a cool film. Katyusha (albeit primitive at first) is the ancestor of all today's MLRS. A low bow to Soviet designers. Every time I go to work, I pass by the monument to the legendary Katyusha that stands in the village of Yakovlevo, Belgorod Region, on a lapel on the Prokhorovskoye “tank” field, I admire the genius of Soviet designers. Everything is simple, outrageously and such an effective weapon was invented by our ancestors. good
  2. Volzhanin64 15 February 2020 18: 36 New
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    Something I counted 2 containers of 24 straining, where did 50 come from ???
    1. Lopatov 15 February 2020 19: 21 New
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      Quote: Volzhanin64
      2 containers of 24 straining

      4 containers
      1. Volzhanin64 15 February 2020 19: 29 New
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        Only 2 can participate in a salvo at a time
  3. kind 15 February 2020 18: 54 New
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    Another reincarnation of the Grad BM-21. Yes, and the PC seems Gradovskie.
  4. knn54 15 February 2020 19: 03 New
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    Dimensions are still those.
    1. Lopatov 15 February 2020 19: 19 New
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      They are all healthy who have double bk



      But the Serbs, perhaps, did the most adequate option.

      The only thing is where their traditional disguise as a tent truck.

  5. Whalebone 15 February 2020 19: 11 New
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    Are there any art specialists here? “Point U” is many times more effective than unguided MLRS shells? Or is "shooting at squares" more justified in some situation?
    1. Lopatov 15 February 2020 19: 24 New
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      Quote: Whalebone
      Or is "shooting at squares" more justified in some situation?

      Exactly.
      Sometimes not justified, but preferable. For example, when the coordinates of the target are determined with insufficient accuracy for applying the WTO. This often happens.
      1. Whalebone 15 February 2020 19: 57 New
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        What is it like? Is the name of the settlement well known?
        1. Lopatov 15 February 2020 21: 00 New
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          For example, electronic intelligence systems give coordinates very, very roughly. And then, or additional exploration. Or if there is no time, just a couple of MLRS divisions work on areas.
        2. Sarkazm 16 February 2020 13: 54 New
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          Fire from the MLRS for human settlements is a war crime. Remember Tskhinval ...

          Fire is conducted on the area. In addition, many tasks in an effective counter-battery struggle simply cannot be accomplished with the help of barrel artillery. For example, remote mining of the area with the help of multiply charged reactive systems is performed in a shorter time and more efficiently. Calculate the time that the MLRS division will spend to mine a certain number of mines and how much time it will take to the SPG or towed guns division for the same number of mines. The enemy will have time to destroy the division of self-propelled guns and barrel artillery several times.
          At the same time, the MLRS does not have the accuracy of the artillery, or the accuracy is achieved by using expensive technologies, which is not always justified - war is also an economy.
    2. Evil Booth 15 February 2020 19: 48 New
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      if it's MLRS and not how it is understood in the usa and it's not about patriot ai mlrs or others .. but MLRS for what they then invented them not for any reason. It is doubtful that, at a range of 70, you can’t take the option of 17, which will cover 90% of the targets an advanced and very successful whether it be 4 or 24 RS depending on the target.
    3. BARKAS 15 February 2020 20: 29 New
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      MLRS 122mm is essentially the usual artillery that works as a rule in conjunction with the barrel supplementing it sometimes performing the same tasks.
    4. Zaurbek 16 February 2020 20: 02 New
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      The goals are different and the tasks and the price of the projectile .... And with the new Corrmunitions of the MLRS, they enter the territory of Tochka-U
  6. Thrifty 15 February 2020 19: 36 New
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    If only the Serbs of Ukraine would not sell it.
    1. Zaurbek 16 February 2020 20: 03 New
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      Ukraine has made an analogue based on KRAZ and MAZ ... also a long car with BC
  7. Tests 15 February 2020 20: 11 New
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    About the dimensions of the car have already been noted in the comments. And I have questions about the deployment and folding times ... Outriggers, judging by the photo, are controlled by hydraulics from the cab. It is not clear in a fighting position from the machine’s body they are pushed to the sides, or only they stand on the bases, dropping down. I didn’t see if it’s possible to stick the installation somewhere and lower each “leg” manually, the system can be damaged not only from a fragment, but also from a stone, the oil will run away and ... If the car does not get on the “jacks”, it can be shot at all , or only single, or with restrictions on launch time between missile launches, or with range limitations? After a volley, how many seconds does it take for the “legs” of the outriggers to slightly lift off the ground and start the machine to “make legs” so that they don’t cover in response?
  8. chenia 15 February 2020 21: 26 New
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    Two packages on BM are redundant. Anyway, after a volley into the bushes. And reloading with TZM is no longer. BM (still the battlefield machine) will be faster and larger, and less weight. And with double BK, anyway TZM, or just transport will be needed.
    1. Lopatov 15 February 2020 22: 03 New
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      Quote: chenia
      Two packages on BM are redundant. Anyway, after a volley into the bushes. And reloading with TZM is no longer. BM (still the battlefield machine) will be faster and larger, and less weight. And with double BK, anyway TZM, or just transport will be needed.

      I like this. It is not necessary to have two TZMs per vehicle (in order to unload the "main" ammunition for the use of special ammunition - that is, mining, firing at short ranges and the like)
      Well, the solution with replaceable bags, and apparently, with the possibility of loading and reloading in the field, is still much better than the hydraulic “sending” used by Czechoslovakians, Chinese and the Yugoslavs themselves. And even more so, manual loading from Belarusians and even more so from Ukrainians, where in general everything was done the other way around, was with jumping over rockets and a high risk of injury.

      I hope that ours will have enlightenment, and they will stop fooling around. Repeating Czechoslovak decisions of 1972
      1. chenia 15 February 2020 22: 31 New
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        Quote: Spade
        Well, the solution with replaceable packages

        This is definitely yes!
        But to overload the BM (and it should be armored if the enemy is with comparable capabilities), for one salvo (and God forbid time to avoid the answer) it makes no sense. If you are lucky to get to the shelters, there will be time to recharge. It is not necessary to load the BM with the transport function, although a trend exists when combat vehicles should have some capabilities specific to the equipment of combat and rear support units.
        1. garri-lin 16 February 2020 00: 20 New
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          I will say something else. What prevents two "spare" packages from adding pickup drives? (Emoticon)
          1. Lopatov 16 February 2020 10: 20 New
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            Quote: garri-lin
            I will say something else. What prevents two "spare" packages from adding pickup drives? (Emoticon)

            Weight. Plus problems with available pointing angles
            1. garri-lin 16 February 2020 22: 49 New
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              Well, I wrote the word smiley. It’s just that the emoticons themselves are often put up. It was a joke. Additional ammunition is clearly superfluous. Tightens the car. The combat-ready missiles and the crane for replacing packages from any carrier and from the ground would have looked more logical. In extreme cases, a trailer for additional ammunition. Tow on passable roads. And on impassable manages without it.
          2. Zaurbek 16 February 2020 20: 04 New
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            This is already done by the Arabs .... and put on the trailer 4e packages that can shoot at the same time. And it’s all the tank tractor pulling.
        2. 75 Sergey 16 February 2020 01: 30 New
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          Kamaz as a disposable car is the most, although it can be recharged in a new position, and maybe on the way to it.
          1. Lopatov 16 February 2020 10: 19 New
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            Quote: 75Sergey
            Kamaz as a disposable car - the most

            As the experience of Kazakhs shows, no

            Yes, and there is own negative experience


            The high center of gravity of KamAZ-based vehicles is a problem.
            1. 75 Sergey 16 February 2020 21: 57 New
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              As well as bridges, ICE, gearbox, suspension, cardan, frame, etc.
  9. 75 Sergey 16 February 2020 01: 28 New
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    But why did they put it on Kamaz, the Tatra was much better.
  10. Graz 16 February 2020 02: 34 New
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    122mm, the machine weighs 35 tons, overall.
    ____________
    it’s not worth it absolutely
  11. Grigory_45 16 February 2020 08: 55 New
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    However, Tamnava is not the only model of its kind in the market.
    by itself. Americans have long been operating the M270 MLRS MLRS and the relatively new M142 HIMARS, which also use removable container modules for firing equipped with either 227-mm rockets or tactical missiles



  12. bpk572 26 February 2020 19: 54 New
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    The author unknowingly mixed up everything.
    1) MLRS built on the chassis of the Serbian truck FAP 2832 8x8 (licensed "Mercedes") with an armored cab. Shumadia bicaliber MLRS and the latest version of the 155-mm Aleksander fully automated howitzer manufactured by Yugoimport are made on the same chassis.
    2) Bikalibernaya - another MLRS - Shumadia.