The fourth nuclear-powered icebreaker of project 22220 of the Arctic type will be laid down at the Baltic Shipyard in St. Petersburg in the second quarter of 2020. This was reported by the press service of the enterprise.
According to the message, the fourth icebreaker will be laid at the Baltic Shipyard from April to June, the exact date has not yet been determined. Information about the laying of the fifth icebreaker has not yet been reported.
The fact that the construction of the fourth and fifth universal atomic icebreakers of Project 22220 will take place at the Baltic Shipyard became known in August this year, after the Shipyard won the bid for the construction of icebreakers. The plant is the only one that has the appropriate facilities and modern equipment for the construction of surface ships with a nuclear power plant.
The contract stipulates that the first icebreaker must be delivered to the customer no later than December 20 of 2024, and the second - no later than December 20 of 2026. Thus, after the delivery of the last production ship, Russia will have the five most powerful nuclear-powered icebreakers in the world for this project.
At present, the lead nuclear icebreaker of project 22220 Arktika is preparing for delivery at the Baltic Shipyard in St. Petersburg; transfer to the customer is scheduled for May this year. In addition, the Shipyard is completing the completion of the first and second serial icebreakers of this project - Sibir and Ural. The deadline for the completion of Siberia and the Urals is planned for 2021 and 2022, respectively.
A feature of the 22220 project icebreakers is the use of variable draft using ballast tanks. Double-deck ships can operate both in deep water and in shallow water in river beds, overcoming ice up to 3-meters thick without losing speed.
The main power plant of icebreakers includes two "Rhythm-200" reactors with thermal capacity of 175 MW each. Its main advantage over other similar installations lies in its compactness and economy, as well as energy-efficient integrated layout.