"Right deviation" of the state corporation "Roskosmos"

This year marks the fifth anniversary of the State Space Corporation Roscosmos. It was created on the basis of the Federal Space Agency "Roskosmos". The initiator of this transformation, the then Deputy Prime Minister, Dmitry Rogozin, explained the goal of creating a new state corporation: "to ensure unity in the management of the rocket and space industry."


Debut with a load of problems


They didn’t argue much with Rogozin. In 2015, when they “charged” the new state corporation, Russia was the undisputed world leader in the number of successful annual missile launches and held about 30-40% of the global launch services market.

Unified management of this complex economy assumed not only to consolidate Russia's leading position, but also to achieve a significant breakthrough in the space industry. However, from the very beginning, something went wrong.

2015 was a record year for the number of space accidents. In April, the Progress M-27M cargo ship launched from Baikonur could not dock to the ISS. The ship was in an unplanned orbit. Then he began an uncontrollable convergence. He entered the dense atmosphere of the Earth and burned out along with all the cargo for the ISS crew.

In May, an accident occurred with the Proton-M launch vehicle, coupled with the Breeze-M booster unit and the Mexican communications satellite MexSat-1. A minute before the separation of the warhead from the rocket, the emergency engine started. As a result, the third stage of the carrier, the upper stage and the spacecraft burned out in the atmosphere.

In November, a Russian-made telecommunications device Amos-5, manufactured by the Krasnoyarsk company Information Satellite Systems, was commissioned by the Israeli company Spacecom.



In December, the Canopus-ST satellite did not separate from the new Volga acceleration block and burned with it in the Earth’s atmosphere. This black line in the Russian space industry has shown an obvious crisis. It was believed that a specially created state corporation would help get out of it.

Unclear space program


Under it they made up the federal space program of Russia for 2016-2025 worth one and a half trillion rubles. Serious tasks were prescribed: increasing the constellation of satellites in all areas of activity (from communications, communications, remote sensing of the earth to fundamental space research), expanding the program of manned flights, creating four astrophysical observatories in Earth orbit to study the Universe (Spectrum-RG, Spectrum -UV "," Spectrum-M "," Gamma-400 "), the development of new launch vehicles (including Soyuz 5-1 on liquefied gas).

There are other interesting projects in the program. For example, a large-scale lunar mission of five spacecraft that are planned to be sent to a natural satellite. However, it turned out that one and a half trillion for this program can not do.

According to Roscosmos estimates, at least two trillion are needed. Funds began to be transferred from project to project. Underfunding has gone. As a result, the “Spectrum-UV” and “Spectrum-M” space telescopes “hung” for a long time at the developers, the launches of which, as is now customary, were moved far to the right. One shift "to the right" pulled another. As a result, “Roskosmos” began to observe a constant “right bias” - shifts in terms for a longer term.

These transfers and shifts have become the norm for space corporations. They are explained in different ways. In one case, a lack of funds, in the other - the notorious sanctions, because of which foreign electronic components ceased to arrive. In the third - a banal lack of qualified scientific and production personnel.

But the initiative administrative thought in "Roskosmos" is in full swing. For example, they announced the construction of a constantly visited lunar base in the 2030s. We painted everything in paints - astronaut trips on moon cars, the use of robot avatars, etc.

Roscosmos has published a tender for the preparation of manned flights to the moon. In the end, the government accumulated irritation for all these projects. The managers of Roscosmos were strictly advised not to talk about future flights, but about current practice, which, alas, is far from the parameters of the federal program. They recommended "to actively engage in the commercialization of our space industry and to increase Russia's share in the international market."

This wish has an important aspect. In recent years, Roscosmos has not fulfilled plans to launch missiles, both for state and commercial purposes. Last year, for example, only 25 launch vehicles were launched, although 45 were recorded in the announced plans.

Commenting on the results of the year, Deputy Prime Minister Yuri Borisov noted with irony: “Among the successes of the industry, there is only one thing: this year there was not a single emergency. This is a plus. ” This year Roscosmos raised the bar of launches even higher - up to 50. Only experts doubt that this plan will be implemented.

The situation in our space industry cannot but worry people who are glad for the rocket and space industry. Indeed, in the new century, a self-respecting power is simply obliged to be present in space, to compete confidently with others. “Staying on Earth” means losing the fight for global dominance. And for Russia, with our rich experience in space exploration, this is simply unacceptable.
Ctrl Enter

Noticed a mistake Highlight text and press. Ctrl + Enter

86 comments
Information
Dear reader, to leave comments on the publication, you must to register.

I have an account? Sign in

  1. Aliken 20 January 2020 16: 55 New
    • 25
    • 11
    +14
    Roscosmos is the "black hole" of the Russian budget.
    1. Svarog 20 January 2020 17: 04 New
      • 37
      • 9
      +28
      Quote: Aliken
      Roscosmos is the "black hole" of the Russian budget.

      And all because even the goal was not set by innovation, reliability, leadership .. but
      "To ensure unity in the management of the space rocket industry."

      Strange goal. Unity of government is a means .. but it certainly should not be the goal ..
      1. Lexus 20 January 2020 17: 51 New
        • 11
        • 8
        +3
        According to Roscosmos estimates, at least two trillion are needed. Funds began to be transferred from project to project.

        Ultimately, to maintain another "right bias"

        ... and further ... "beyond the horizon."

        And “Roscosmos” will remain - “you must not fall” - regardless of the comma, “take off” will be possible only “into the air”. Given the current state of affairs and the efforts of "effective managers".
    2. polar fox 20 January 2020 17: 17 New
      • 26
      • 17
      +9
      Quote: Aliken
      Roscosmos is the "black hole" of the Russian budget.

      the black hole of the budget is a protege of GDP, in the form of colonels with billions and customs officers with tons of gold ...
    3. The comment was deleted.
    4. AU Ivanov. 20 January 2020 18: 04 New
      • 14
      • 24
      -10
      The space program made a hole in the Soviet budget as well. One "Buran - Energy" was worth it. Like BAM, with all its bridges and tunnels.
      1. Kronos 20 January 2020 18: 10 New
        • 15
        • 6
        +9
        Maybe it was worth, but the result from these projects was
        1. AU Ivanov. 20 January 2020 18: 12 New
          • 15
          • 12
          +3
          And I'm not saying that Buran was not needed - this is technology. But the space program is a very expensive thing.
          1. Kronos 20 January 2020 18: 37 New
            • 17
            • 7
            +10
            Yeah, that's just the money goes to beautiful presentations and salaries to senior management
  2. gridasov 20 January 2020 16: 55 New
    • 21
    • 6
    +15
    No matter how huge the structure of the same Roscosmos is, it all rests on the individual mind of an individual genius capable of giving an impetus to the work of the whole structure.
    1. Mestny 20 January 2020 17: 16 New
      • 7
      • 6
      +1
      So.
      As in almost any industry, and even more so in science.
      1. gridasov 20 January 2020 17: 30 New
        • 4
        • 4
        0
        It’s dangerous to follow my reasoning! Peck!
        1. Mestny 20 January 2020 18: 05 New
          • 5
          • 5
          0
          Yes, I do not care about biting pictures on the Internet.
          Who are they?
          I then, unlike them, really work, and I can evaluate the result. As well as the necessary efforts to achieve it.
          1. gridasov 20 January 2020 18: 12 New
            • 3
            • 2
            +1
            This is very commendable! Now it is not often possible to come into contact with sobriety and purity of mind.
            1. dauria 20 January 2020 21: 34 New
              • 11
              • 4
              +7
              Wow. Bot "Gridasov" changed the database from the "force fields" to a collection of aphorisms on the topic "thoughts about the general"
    2. AU Ivanov. 20 January 2020 18: 45 New
      • 5
      • 16
      -11
      There is a very interesting article: how much money was squandered on the construction of the Baikonur Cosmodrome. No, not stolen, but simply buried in the ground, due to mismanagement. But this does not make it any easier - in either case, money is bye-bye. So that's nothing new.
      1. gridasov 20 January 2020 18: 53 New
        • 3
        • 5
        -2
        Well, it's natural! Funds taken without effort are spent very freely and irresponsibly
      2. Blue fox 20 January 2020 22: 40 New
        • 6
        • 2
        +4
        In fact, the money was not very squandered, or rather not quite squandered. It’s just that the construction of ground-based complexes and systems often began before specialists “finished off” a specific sample of rocket and space technology, this led to the fact that without completing one site-ground complex and making sure that it was futile or in the case of abandonment of a specific direction, they began to build next, and the first threw. There was such a time, and our "unbelievable" ones were basically similar.
    3. mark1 20 January 2020 19: 05 New
      • 1
      • 1
      0
      Quote: gridasov
      individual mind of an individual genius

      If only the individual mind was universally recognized in the vast structure of Roscosmos, otherwise each structural individual of the organization will consider himself a genius.
  3. paul3390 20 January 2020 16: 56 New
    • 17
    • 10
    +7
    The current "effective owners and managers" can ruin anything in the trash .. Even the once thriving industries .. Stalin on them, ghouls, no ..
    1. Mestny 20 January 2020 17: 17 New
      • 8
      • 29
      -21
      And what about Stalin - flew into space?
      Wow!
      1. Kronos 20 January 2020 18: 12 New
        • 10
        • 4
        +6
        Yes, preparing a reserve under Khrushchev not flew from scratch
      2. Lekz 20 January 2020 18: 18 New
        • 6
        • 1
        +5
        Better, Beria.
  4. maden.usmanow 20 January 2020 16: 57 New
    • 17
    • 9
    +8
    《Roskosmos》 incorporates the clumsiness of the state. governance, and familiar corruption, under capitalism.
    1. gridasov 20 January 2020 17: 39 New
      • 7
      • 7
      0
      Do not look for the right and the guilty! You need to look for solutions from scratch, but take into account knowledge from the past
      1. businessv 21 January 2020 00: 05 New
        • 1
        • 2
        -1
        Quote: gridasov
        Do not look for the right and the guilty! You need to look for solutions from scratch, but take into account knowledge from the past

        I think that the guilty must be found, selected what was stolen and given out what is supposed to be the corral of such an industry! I fully agree with the second part, a colleague and judging by the appointment of Shoigu as the head of the Advanced Research Foundation, instead of Rogozin, our GDP thinks the same!
        1. gridasov 21 January 2020 10: 37 New
          • 2
          • 0
          +2
          We will see! The question is search technologies, analysis, selection of sound ideas and projects. Therefore, you need to develop the whole system. You need to see different levels of prospects for the development of key technologies that will determine not only the competitive position of the country but also determine the priority in the development of the entire civilization. Therefore, in a good way. Now this development fund is, if not the key, in determining the future in all aspects.
  5. Vyacheslav Viktorovich 20 January 2020 16: 57 New
    • 5
    • 3
    +2
    They recommended "to actively engage in the commercialization of our space industry and to increase Russia's share in the international market."
    There will be no successful commercialization. There are no payloads for so many launch service providers. SpaceX is forced to move on to the business of the Internet service provider with its Starlink to have something to do with the Falcons. But he has access to the most technologically advanced Western electronics, and for us it is under sanctions.
    1. gridasov 20 January 2020 18: 18 New
      • 8
      • 5
      +3
      Sanctions and pressure from opponents is an opportunity to make a breakthrough in fundamental decisions. It is necessary to consider fundamentally new opportunities for working primarily with the element base. This is at least a multipolar transistor. This is the development of methods for working with big data not based on cloud and linear extensions of the Info space, but work with the density of info streams. This is, first of all, familiarization and mastering the principles of analysis not of computational methods based on the function of a variable value of a number, but the development of the principles of constructing info space on a function of a constant value of a number. And etc.
      1. Vyacheslav Viktorovich 20 January 2020 18: 24 New
        • 6
        • 3
        +3
        Delusions of invention - the patient’s conviction that he made an outstanding discovery, deduced the formula of eternal youth, found a cure for all incurable diseases, etc. [7] One patient, having spent 2 hours in line for meat, invented the formula of “artificial meat” - C₃₈H₂O₁₅. Such molecules were supposedly in the air, so he suggested “stamping meat directly from the atmosphere”, “in order to permanently solve the problem of hunger on Earth” [7].

        (Wikipedia)
        1. gridasov 20 January 2020 18: 30 New
          • 4
          • 1
          +3
          Personally, I understand you. There is a lot of informational garbage in invention as never before. But I do not push! It is not my right to influence the development of events. I always remember the principles of timeliness!
  6. Romka 20 January 2020 16: 58 New
    • 4
    • 3
    +1
    To fly high, you have to dig deep. In the meantime, only power flies high.
    1. gridasov 20 January 2020 17: 32 New
      • 3
      • 3
      0
      very right! But not everyone knows how to dig!
    2. mark1 20 January 2020 19: 10 New
      • 0
      • 0
      0
      Quote: Romka
      In the meantime, only power flies high.

      But if at the same time digging deep, it will fall oh how long and painful.
      1. Romka 20 January 2020 20: 43 New
        • 2
        • 0
        +2
        Everything is already laid out there: for both children and grandchildren ....
  7. Invoce 20 January 2020 17: 01 New
    • 19
    • 6
    +13
    The journalist who founded the Rodina party, so as not to get underfoot at EP and not take away the electorate, was offered a chair in the State Duma, Roskosmos .... The same journalist put his super gifted son, the same as Slyusar, in the chair of the General Manager of "Il" - General Director of PJSC UAC .... Nepotism, indulgence ... trading in the interests of Russia, as a matter of fact nepotism and corruption at the state level .. It's a pity. Only personal responsibility and appointment to senior positions in business qualities will pull Russia out of this swamp, which they began to call a breakthrough ... the question is where? Back to the future or to F?
    1. Fan-fan 20 January 2020 18: 56 New
      • 8
      • 6
      +2
      But didn’t Putin see this abomination on the part of Rogozin (when he put his son Ilom to command)? I saw and said nothing. Does he really not understand that such bosses do not think about the country, but about his body. Understands think. Then why does he poke these mediocrity? Is she really so afraid of them?
      1. Beringovsky 20 January 2020 21: 04 New
        • 7
        • 5
        +2
        So these mediocrity Putin and rule. The suite plays the king, as usual.
        Putin has long turned into a servant serving our "elite."
        Already he does not rely on them, but they hide behind Putin from the country.
        1. Tavrik 21 January 2020 14: 53 New
          • 0
          • 0
          0
          He has not turned. For this, Yeltsin transferred power to him.
      2. AU Ivanov. 20 January 2020 23: 21 New
        • 1
        • 11
        -10
        Have you heard such a concept: "pusher" Or "liaison officer"? "Solve"? So Rogozin’s son could easily solve any “Ila” problem with a simple call to a powerful dad who is close to Himself. Without wasting time coordinating, going to the top and the like bureaucracy.
  8. knn54 20 January 2020 17: 02 New
    • 6
    • 5
    +1
    As V.I. Lenin said, MONOPOLISM leads to decay.
    1. gridasov 20 January 2020 17: 34 New
      • 4
      • 2
      +2
      monopoly, first of all, as a concept and a process makes it possible to see what is good and what is bad.
  9. Ros 56 20 January 2020 17: 16 New
    • 6
    • 3
    +3
    A commission from the NKVD should be sent there with verification of activities as they say from keel to klotik with all the managers. Well, according to the results, the distribution of "gingerbread". And you can wail indefinitely, it's time to work.
    1. gridasov 20 January 2020 17: 36 New
      • 3
      • 2
      +1
      Only this commission of the NKVD should include very smart and insightful minds.
      1. Ros 56 20 January 2020 17: 37 New
        • 1
        • 0
        +1
        Absolutely true, but with broad powers.
        1. gridasov 20 January 2020 17: 43 New
          • 7
          • 3
          +4
          And who is able to appreciate their devotion to the ideals of that country whose interests are above all for them.
          1. Ros 56 20 January 2020 17: 47 New
            • 0
            • 0
            0
            Good question. In fact, in such cases, decent people use such a slightly washed up goat concept as conscience.
            1. gridasov 20 January 2020 17: 51 New
              • 3
              • 2
              +1
              Relax No goats and no geniuses! There is the functionality and potential of individuals.
    2. mag nit 20 January 2020 17: 37 New
      • 4
      • 3
      +1
      And the commission will be headed by the same mediocrity as Rogozin.
    3. depressant 20 January 2020 17: 44 New
      • 6
      • 2
      +4
      Unfortunately, under the leadership of such characters as Rogozin or freshly squeezed from Seagull's place, the whole labor strain of honest workers will go to dust. For the production of dust in the format of manilism is the goal of leading ignoramuses, which they successfully put into the eyes of all who framed. For example, the political leadership of the country. The population understood everything.
      1. gridasov 20 January 2020 17: 49 New
        • 3
        • 4
        -1
        it must be understood that Rogozin and all other politicians are administrators serving the activities of scientists. They are not the first Persons of the state. They are representatives of those who are really capable of creating the basic potential of the state with their mind and work. Therefore, the first and hidden persons must have more power than those who are in sight
        1. astepanov 20 January 2020 18: 27 New
          • 8
          • 3
          +5
          Quote: gridasov
          Rogozin and all other politicians are administrators serving the activities of scientists.

          Who is it? They serve only themselves, birthmarks. Or rather, their financial and career interests. I've seen enough, I know. And I do not expect anything good either from Rogozin, or from his likely successor. Roscosmos is likely to squander the remnants of ambition in the coming years and the essentials will remain: work in the interests of the military-industrial complex. Military intelligence, strategic deterrence systems, early warning systems, GLONASS support .. And space, science, civilian space will be under the heel of "potential friends", as it will become cheaper for them.
          And Rogozin will be removed, do not hesitate. The increase will go, like Mutko, or Kindersurprise, or iPhone. It does not sink.
          1. gridasov 20 January 2020 18: 34 New
            • 3
            • 2
            +1
            Believe me, gentlemen take care of maintaining their wealth more than others. Therefore, they are more stimulated than others to be at the appropriate level of security. And this is normal!
        2. AU Ivanov. 20 January 2020 18: 59 New
          • 2
          • 4
          -2
          By the way: can anyone remember who was in charge of the Soviet space program at the time of Gagarin’s flight.?
          1. rich 20 January 2020 22: 22 New
            • 2
            • 0
            +2
            If I am not mistaken from 1955 to 1991, the Soviet space program was led by the USSR Ministry of General Engineering. I did not remember who was the minister at the time of Gagarin’s flight. Too lazy to search in the internet
            1. AU Ivanov. 20 January 2020 22: 32 New
              • 1
              • 3
              -2
              The General Ministry was merged with the Ministry of Defense. At the time of launching the first satellite and Gagarin’s flight, R. Ya. Malinovsky was in charge. And the general designer was not Korolev, as many believe, but Chelomei.
  10. Vasily Ponomarev 20 January 2020 17: 57 New
    • 9
    • 4
    +5
    Do you know such a fact that most recently the space constellation of spacex satellites has become equal in numbers to Roskosmos?
    1. AU Ivanov. 20 January 2020 19: 27 New
      • 2
      • 4
      -2
      Well, here many say that state-owned enterprises are more efficient than private ones. It turns out that this is not so, and SpaceX is an example of this.
      1. donavi49 20 January 2020 20: 47 New
        • 5
        • 0
        +5
        Well, even the Chinese can already be set as an example.

        Private company ExPace (alright with CASIC technical support - but who prevents Roskosmos / NASA from pulling private owners at the deployment stage?):
        1 launch in 2018
        5 launches in 2019 - including 2 launches in one day
        1 launch in 2020 already



        This year they are going to launch a version of 1500kg useful to low. In operation, an innovative rocket of 20 tons useful.

        And this is the most successful private trader (thanks to the support of the state corporation), but far from the only one. Literally, another startup with a grant of 21,5 million crawled out from under the Christmas tree - they will make a rocket using HTPB fuel from composites. First, the 350kg version, then the 4t version (by year 22).


        And there is LinkSpace with its mini-Falcon, which after working out will be almost 9koy.


        And also OneSpace. Yes, a bunch of private traders work on this field. wink
        1. Mityay65 21 January 2020 04: 48 New
          • 1
          • 0
          +1
          Yo-kl mn ... smile donavi49, finally do a review on startups on media ...
          You have reached almost the depths ... I am delighted.
    2. gridasov 20 January 2020 19: 48 New
      • 2
      • 4
      -2
      It is clear that private American companies were not based on key innovative ideas. Therefore, apparently, the Mask was invested precisely for the appearance of these ideas, and not for their development. But obviously - it didn’t. But! The process has started and now their readiness is very high. Oh, how would they be happy with the ideas from this forum.
  11. The comment was deleted.
  12. Thrifty 20 January 2020 18: 00 New
    • 3
    • 2
    +1
    It is interesting, but how does the Roskosmos leadership really want to take the industry out of stagnation? After all, we’ll slide down to the level of banana republics, and space for the country will be only the last day, without a future!
    1. Greenwood 21 January 2020 04: 52 New
      • 4
      • 2
      +2
      Quote: Thrifty
      After all, we’ll slide down to the level of banana republics.
      In terms of living, they have slipped for a long time, why not slide in other parameters.
  13. Chaldon48 20 January 2020 18: 15 New
    • 2
    • 2
    0
    But, that we’ll master the Moon and a new place of exile appears, it’s somehow not convenient to exile to Siberia, but the Moon’s other thing, especially its opposite side, if it is inconvenient and not convenient to conquer, and on Earth it can be declared selfless a hero who decided to devote the rest of his life to the development of a natural satellite.
  14. G. Georgiev 20 January 2020 18: 27 New
    • 1
    • 2
    -1
    .... Criticism .. OK .... And what is the purpose and program of Roscosmos? If there is a clear goal, and the program, it will be realized. without a doubt !!! Now there they pour and lose money aimlessly. A heavy carrier rocket? And for what? ... A new engine? For what? The distances are huge. Lunar base? Let the first appear, there is a foreign base, and you will see that the second will be Russians, with a better base even ... And so on.
    1. gridasov 20 January 2020 19: 16 New
      • 1
      • 6
      -5
      I would like to highlight the key reasons for the so-called failures of the Russian Cosmos projects. Obviously not many people understand this. So, the main reason is the discrepancy between the requirements of customers to withdraw more massive objects using technologies of a completely different potential level of capabilities of these missiles. In other words, technodogs and a completely new format must be sought in order to avoid linear relationships while increasing the total mass of the payload increase. Therefore, I’m talking about the terms and essence of using processes related to energy density in engines and their key structural elements.
  15. Mityay65 20 January 2020 18: 31 New
    • 4
    • 1
    +3
    gridasov eventually decided to start writing articles for VO? And started with analytics? lol
    So then an article of his level ...
    1. gridasov 20 January 2020 18: 37 New
      • 2
      • 1
      +1
      No ! And I don’t think so. Now one more reproach in my direction and I will be happy to retire
      1. mark1 20 January 2020 19: 19 New
        • 1
        • 0
        +1
        Rest in peace (in a good way) but not for long, heartily had fun waiting for the continuation.
    2. gridasov 20 January 2020 18: 42 New
      • 2
      • 4
      -2
      Actually, my task is only to familiarize people with a fundamentally new process of working turbo fuel supercharger. Well, to show how the surface of the aircraft hull is ionized. And no more!
      1. Beringovsky 20 January 2020 20: 57 New
        • 2
        • 2
        0
        You need to go to the deputies to Rogozin. Then the number of projects will undoubtedly increase by 2 times. And maybe in 4.
        But after 2030, as always.
  16. destiny20 20 January 2020 18: 46 New
    • 1
    • 2
    -1
    And for Russia, with our rich experience in space exploration, this is simply unacceptable.
    What do you mean by that? all the achievements in space belong to the alliance. he lost the big race. but this is the case when losing is no less prestigious!
  17. sergejivan 20 January 2020 20: 16 New
    • 2
    • 1
    +1
    Over the past 30 years, I have never seen a single Russian kettle, or say a lighter! Do not know how to do? What the hell is Roskosmos?
  18. vlad12 20 January 2020 20: 34 New
    • 3
    • 1
    +2
    Well, what can you expect from a doctor of philosophy, that's why Roscosmos works like that
    1. Beringovsky 20 January 2020 22: 41 New
      • 3
      • 0
      +3
      Rogozin is also a doctor of technical sciences.
      True, he does not have a technical education, but such talented people as Dmitry Olegovich do not need it, as you know. laughing
      It was only mediocrities like Korolev and Kurchatov who needed to learn.
      1. AU Ivanov. 21 January 2020 00: 29 New
        • 3
        • 3
        0
        Rogozin is not a constructor. And Korolev never managed the space program, like Kurchatov did the atomic project. The space program was supervised by Marshal Malinovsky, never an engineer, but a combat officer, and the atomic project - Lavrenty Pavlovich Beria. Also not a physicist - an atomic scientist.
        1. gridasov 21 January 2020 10: 45 New
          • 1
          • 0
          +1
          Scientific - intellectual potential should always be covered by strong power and strong personalities. The scientist thinks in categories of a completely different plan than ordinary townsfolk, officials, etc. Therefore, the correct structure provides an effective combination of the work of theorists, engineers, and those who master engineering and technology.
      2. destiny20 21 January 2020 20: 19 New
        • 0
        • 0
        0
        What do I know about how his dissertation is classified. see because of the "secret" information in it
  19. nikvic46 21 January 2020 07: 46 New
    • 0
    • 0
    0
    The change of personnel represented by designers, technologists and workers also played an important role. The remoteness of sites also increases costs. Now plants working for space work on their own. And they could replace imports in consumer goods. The usual thermos produced at a military plant is several times greater imported. Those workers who began to work in the post-war period left. And they will not be better. They have had decades of experience.
  20. solovald 21 January 2020 07: 46 New
    • 0
    • 0
    0
    It is necessary to change the leadership of Roscosmos, otherwise they will soon need ... trampolines.
  21. Million 21 January 2020 09: 20 New
    • 0
    • 0
    0
    Putin has always had a problem with personnel. Rogozin is a vivid example of this.
  22. Flatter 21 January 2020 09: 27 New
    • 2
    • 0
    +2
    Space is necessary for developed advanced industry and science. Then it becomes profitable. In the Russian Federation, it is neither needed nor profitable. The raw oligarchy rules.
    1. gridasov 21 January 2020 10: 49 New
      • 1
      • 0
      +1
      Space is also needed because new ideas and their practical development should be closed from the world for some period. Therefore, the security structure against information leaks is a necessary aspect, giving priority to accelerated development.
  23. Brancodd 21 January 2020 10: 34 New
    • 0
    • 1
    -1
    The author did not bother to explain the reason for the “shifts”. But the situation actually looks like this:
    The budget maximum of Roscosmos was recorded in 2013-2014. According to experts, if such a level could be maintained for five years, or better, ten, Russia would have acquired a full-fledged orbital group, completed by the Vostochny Cosmodrome and actively flying into space, the Angara.
    But it turned out differently: the Federal Space Program was cut back. Instead of 10 trillion rubles planned for 2,7 years, only 1,4 trillion rubles remained. They did even worse with the Federal Cosmodrome Development Program. Initially, it was planned to allocate 750 billion rubles (50 to Baikonur, 180 to Plesetsk and 530 to Vostochny). Later they turned into 550 billion, and then altogether 340 billion rubles. It was a severe blow to the space industry. At the same time, competition in the market of commercial launches intensified due to the emergence of new players, and, as a result, it got shallow the influx of foreign exchange earnings
    This Borisov with his “easy irony” would go far away. A person declares an annual income of 74 million rubles , which is 3.5 times more than that of the head of Roscosmos, while he is not responsible for anything. To hell, this is after his prime minister, who actually halved the already agreed funding for the space program. 25 launches in the current one, this, by the way, is the second place, after China and more than the United States and more than EKA 2.4 times. The last time we had a trouble-free accident was 2003. 46 launches are not a plan of the government or the Federal Space Program, but the forecast of Roscosmos for 2019, which included launches of ICBMs. In addition, the unavailability of European satellites One WEb affected the total number of launches in 2019. Why put everything in a heap?
    I am sure:
    The launch pad for the Angara Angara will be completed with a slight shift to the right (no more than 5 months)
    The serial production of the Angara at the Omsk plant (8 A5 per year) will be released in 23
    In the same 23 year, the Union 5 tests will be held.
    1. Strelets1 22 January 2020 00: 06 New
      • 1
      • 0
      +1
      Quote: Brancodd
      The author did not bother to explain the reason for the “shifts”.


      Judging by the content of the article and children's arguments in explaining the failures in the RF Criminal Code (and, of course, the activities of Roscosmos), Brancodd did not particularly bother to study the problems and the reasons for their occurrence.
      You, as they say, “removed from the tongue” what you wanted to write off to Mr. Gridasov - first of all, about budget sequestration ...
      And most importantly - his lack of understanding of the situation in which Roscosmos was created ...
      Roscosmos as a state corporation was created in order to build the optimal corporate structure of the rocket and space industry of the Russian Federation, provide effective management of its scientific, technical and production potential from dozens (and even hundreds) of various structural divisions of the former USSR Ministry of General Mash, various departmental research institutes and other structures It is in a market economy. THOSE. form joint-stock corporations, create integrated rocket and space centers, ensure industry integration by type of activity (rocket building, engine building, instrument making, the creation of spacecraft for various purposes, depending on the types of spread .... etc.) And for this it was necessary to actually manage the assets of the Federal State Unitary Enterprise, research institutes, the State Scientific Center and the LLCs, then existing at that time, to be transferred to the state corporation - since none of the previously existing space agencies in the Russian Federation had such property rights and managed only through directives - through the State Property, the Ministry of Industry, the structure of the Ministry of Defense during the years of its existence, etc., etc. - In general, a hundred hosts and no one is responsible for anything, if simply.
      And what Rogozin is doing now was in many ways proposed for implementation in the early 2000s ...
      I advise the author of this article to read (or at least leaf through) the two-volume book of the general designer of KRK "Angara" V.E. Nesterova; KRK "Angara". History of creation.
      For example, about the reform of Khrunichev and the transfer of production to Omsk (which dunno is considered a voluntaristic decision by Rogozin and is explained by the "sale of Khrunichev land" to Moscow merchants). I quote from the book:

      CHAPTER 12. ON “FLIGHT” - CENTER OF PRODUCTION
      KANGAR CARRIERS

      At the end of 2006, KB “Salyut” fully formed the concept of what should be a serial “Angara” and what newest technological processes will be used in its manufacture.
      It became clear that for Angara it was necessary to create a completely new production, different from the one existing at the RCH. Two questions arose immediately. Will it be possible to place it on the existing areas of the plant? And here you can still talk about something. An even more important question was whether we would find 4000-5000 qualified specialists in Moscow if the average salary at the Center in 2007 was 19576 rubles. and was more than two times lower than the average for the city. In my opinion, this task was unsolvable. We held several meetings, discussed all aspects of this problem, but the final opinion was not fully formed.
      Then it was decided that the Center’s specialists, led by the General Director, would go round the missile plants of the industry and after that the final choice would be made.

      We visited FSUE GNPRKTS ≪TSSKB-Progress≫, FSUE расKrasmash ’and even the Ukrainian Southern Machine-Building Plant to see how the serial production of PH ≪ Zenit’ and modular parts of the first stage PH ≪ Energy ’were organized. And only after a visit to the city of Omsk PO ≫ Polet≫ did everything become clear.
      The production association ≪Polet≫ is one of the largest industrial enterprises in Russia, which has been specializing in the production of rocket, space and aviation equipment for more than 65 years. Production facilities, highly qualified specialists, great scientific and technical potential, the use of advanced technologies of their time allowed POlet to make a significant contribution to the country's defense industry, and become
      the only factory in the former Soviet Union, and then Russia, which produced launch vehicles, spacecraft, and heavy-duty RD-170 engines, and both military and civilian aircraft.
      In 2007, the production association ≫Polet≫ became part of a vertically integrated structure for the production of rocket and space technology based on FSUE КGKNPTs im. M.V. Khrunicheva≫.
      Firstly, ≫Polet≫ software was completely not loaded with federal and commercial orders.
      Secondly, at POlet there were many suitable production facilities that required only repair. And the third and most important thing is the space-rocket enterprise, which had 4200 qualified specialists who knew and understood how rockets are made. In addition, a large labor market emerged in Omsk after the closure of several large high-tech enterprises.

      04.06.2007/XNUMX/XNUMX, during a visit to PO ≫ Polet≫ management of the State Scientific and Production Center named after M. Khrunicheva signed a historical protocol that determined the fate of PO Polet as the center for the production of Angara launch vehicles.
      Before signing this protocol at a joint meeting, three possible options for transferring the production of the material part of the Angara launch vehicles to the POlet software were examined in detail. After much debate, we settled on the most difficult, third option.

      On the basis of ≫Polet ПО software, a state-of-the-art production center should be created using unique latest technologies with a capacity of up to 70 rocket modules per year. "
  24. Strelets1 22 January 2020 00: 16 New
    • 0
    • 0
    0
    Quote: Brancodd
    I am sure:
    The launch pad for the Angara Angara will be completed with a slight shift to the right (no more than 5 months)
    The serial production of the Angara at the Omsk plant (8 A5 per year) will be released in 23
    In the same 23 year, the Union 5 tests will be held.


    I also think it will work in Omsk and Vostochny, in Union-5 - some jerking and suggestions from RKK Energia began to increase the energy of the second stage (like let's make a new engine) and the total carrying capacity (by 2 tons) ...
    Well, "let's see," as they say ...
  25. TANKISTONE 25 January 2020 21: 28 New
    • 0
    • 0
    0
    Yes, commercialization ...: