Russian Civil Aviation: Problems and Successes in 2019


Russia slowly but surely continues to restore the power and capabilities of civil aviation. In this regard, 2019 turned out to be quite successful, although not without some problems.


Figures of stingy statistics indicate that air traffic is growing in Russia. Fly more and more often: in 2019, air traffic reached a record high of 1,83 million flights. The total number of flights over the past year increased by 15,6%, with more than half of them being serviced by Russian air traffic controllers. High rates of international transit through Russian airways remain.

But these are mean numbers, but what is behind them?

The most impressive event of the year was the landing of an Airbus A321 aircraft with 226 passengers on a cornfield in the Moscow Region on August 15, 2019. The crew under the command of Damir Yusupov demonstrated miracles of endurance, and his pilots demonstrated impressive skill, showing that not everyone with the training of civilian pilots was as bad as the media assured us over the years.

Russian civil aviation continued to update its fleet. Unfortunately, so far a significant part of the liners used are foreign-made cars. So, 2019 airliners were delivered to Russia from abroad in 106, including 46 from Boeing and Airbus plants. As a result, in the Russian fleet, which now has 1024 aircraft, 73,5% falls on foreign aircraft. Of the remaining 26,5% of domestic aircraft, half are machines that entered into service in Soviet times.

Dependence on foreign manufacturers and obsolescence of the fleet are two of the most important problems, which, unfortunately, are not resolved as quickly as we would like. After all, the aviation industry does not exist by itself, and even if our aircraft designers offer new models of aircraft, they are faced with insufficient funding, the lack of domestic materials and equipment, especially when it comes to electronics. For example, the SSJ100 engine is produced in conjunction with a French company. That is, one can talk about the Superjet as a completely domestic aircraft only very conditionally.

Nevertheless, the Russian aviation industry expects in the first half of the 2020s to begin supplying two aircraft - the Il-114-300 and Il-96-400M. In 2020, both prototypes will have to pass tests, and then, possibly, mass production of new air cars will begin. If there are no obstacles, the appearance of two new aircraft will be the next great success of Russian aviation after the creation and entry into serial production of the SSJ100.

Among other problems of civil aviation, many experts highlight the ongoing personnel crisis associated with a general decrease in the level of training of flight personnel. And although pilots like Damir Yusupov make us believe that not everything is lost, we must not forget that many experienced pilots leave for foreign airlines. In their place come people with less qualifications.

The state also has to solve the problem with small aircraft. For our country, the development of small aviation is of strategic importance, since vast territories in the Far East, Siberia, and the Far North can be covered only by air links. For thousands of our fellow citizens, air travel is the only hope and consumer goods to receive on time, and to use medical services.

By the way, in the USA there are 100 small aircraft per 76,5 thousand people, in Russia - only 3,1. At the same time, in the state of Alaska, small aircraft - 1714 per 100 thousand people, but in Russia, more than half of the territory is similar in climate to Alaska.

Now the country needs thousands of small aircraft in Siberia and the Far East, albeit with a capacity of up to 10 seats. To deliver a sick person to a medical institution, bring food and other goods, just connect remote villages with district centers. But airlines are not interested in such flights, as their commercial effect is minimal or even unprofitable.

The solution to the many problems facing Russian civil aviation appears to be possible only if its development becomes one of the priority tasks in the field of transport. Financing. organizational and legislative support - all this can be done only by the state, but will it cope with such large-scale problems in the foreseeable future?
Author:
Photos used:
A Sukhoi SuperJet 100 demonstrator (RA-97005) at Venice Marco Polo Airport
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  1. The comment was deleted.
    1. Stas157 18 January 2020 12: 54 New
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      in the Russian fleet, which now has 1024 aircraft, 73,5% are foreign aircraft. Of the remaining 26,5% of domestic aircraft, half are machines that entered into service in Soviet times.

      I remember in the zero there were discussions in the media that something needs to be done urgently with aviation, otherwise soon half of the fleet will be foreign cars. Then it seemed like a disaster!
      Now, when the alignment in favor of foreign cars has become even worse, they began to talk about successes.

      Nevertheless, the Russian aviation industry expects in the first half of the 2020s to begin supplying two aircraft - the Il-114-300 and Il-96-400M.

      And how many of them will go to civil aviation, to commercial airlines?
      1. maxim947 18 January 2020 14: 02 New
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        If on a large scale - the article says everything about the case and there is nothing to add. There are many conversations, but you can’t deceive the numbers. But at least they started to move.
        1. Machito 18 January 2020 14: 53 New
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          Where did they start to move? How much to move? And nothing has changed.
        2. nickname7 18 January 2020 18: 38 New
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          But at least they started to move

          Negative stirring is stagnation.
      2. Chaldon48 18 January 2020 20: 11 New
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        What aviation can be when the very foundation of our life has collapsed. Elementary, in order to start doing something, you need to have an instrument that does it, trained, educated, strong and healthy, so that life and work give them joy, as they used to say in Soviet times, the joy of creative work, so that a person going to work thinks about it, I tried to improve something, realized that it benefits society and gets what it deserves for it, it gives self-esteem, the concept of one’s need. The basis of the production of aircraft high precision machines and equipment, where are they and where are they from?
        1. Starover_Z 18 January 2020 22: 59 New
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          Quote: Chaldon48
          realized that he benefits society and gets what he deserves for it,

          This is necessary in everything, and not just in aviation! This is vocational education, this is production and science and R&D! All professions are important, all professions are needed! And not just de-efficient menachers! Therefore, put in order the salary scale, without a 10-fold gap of a highly skilled turner with a salary of 15-20 000 and an assistant secretary with a salary of 200 000!
          1. Chaldon48 19 January 2020 01: 06 New
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            I meant our whole life, and not just aviation.
    2. nickname7 18 January 2020 19: 00 New
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      work is being done in this direction


      Work can be carried out before the second coming, I want all the same with this life.

      You can look at the flyradar as there in the world. Abroad, aircraft like flies, unlike the Russian Federation






      Our oligarchy is already full of petrodollars

      You are naive. Saturation in a person tends to infinity.
  2. tihonmarine 18 January 2020 12: 38 New
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    By the way, in the USA there are 100 small aircraft per 76,5 thousand people, in Russia - only 3,1. At the same time, in the state of Alaska, small aircraft - 1714 per 100 thousand people, but in Russia, more than half of the territory is similar in climate to Alaska.
    I am not an aviator but I think that Russia needs small aircraft, like air. And a question for a specialist, but what were the numbers in the USSR.
    1. The comment was deleted.
      1. tihonmarine 18 January 2020 14: 51 New
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        Quote: GB-M
        .Aviation is like a taxi in Europe we should have! It was so in the USSR

        Yes, I remember with my parents in a village on the border of Smolenskaya with the Kalinin region. the AN-2 plane three times a week I flew to Smolensk in the morning and evening, and even “Khimdym” worked all summer.
        1. The comment was deleted.
          1. tihonmarine 18 January 2020 16: 03 New
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            Quote: GB-M
            Remember the movie "Mimino"? .. This was a common thing ..

            Well, something similar, though without a goat, but with trunks and quickly, in the morning to the city, in the evening back. And if on the road (you remember Alyosha of the Smolensk region road), there are about 100 km, with a transfer, then it took about five hours, if buses still run.
      2. Arkon 18 January 2020 21: 40 New
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        Quote: GB-M
        Maybe it's time for the oil oligarchy to take one place?


        The oil oligarchy we have taken for one place in the zero. Now the tax burden in the oil and gas industry is several times greater than that in other sectors.

        What do you mean?
      3. Grits 19 January 2020 04: 09 New
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        Quote: GB-M
        Maybe it's time for the oil oligarchy to take one place?

        In this case, it is necessary to take not only oil workers, but also power engineers for this very place.
  3. iouris 18 January 2020 12: 42 New
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    The main problem of civil aviation is civilian poverty.
    1. The comment was deleted.
      1. Golovan Jack 18 January 2020 14: 51 New
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        Quote: GB-M
        bastards

        Bukhan, quit waving already negative
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          1. tihonmarine 18 January 2020 16: 06 New
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            Quote: GB-M
            That bore me to that steppe ..!

            Don’t take everything so close to your heart, it’s time to get used to it. Total !
      2. AUL
        AUL 18 January 2020 18: 29 New
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        Quote: GB-M
        The main trouble is Muscovites .. They all think that the whole country gets the same way .. And they also complain about the bastards ..

        Right, right, they are to blame! Atu them!
        Old cheap trick, but nonetheless quite working and repeatedly tested. Assign another enemy to replace the true one.
        PS If that - I'm not a Muscovite myself. Zamkadysh.
  4. knn54 18 January 2020 12: 43 New
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    One moment (for passenger transportation) - during the times of the USSR, a plane ticket was cheaper than in a "soft carriage" of a fast train.
    The Yankees have a lot of discounts on flights. Well, in the aircraft industry, in my opinion. the main scourge of import substitution.
    1. tihonmarine 18 January 2020 16: 08 New
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      Quote: knn54
      One moment (for passenger transportation) - during the times of the USSR, a plane ticket was cheaper than in a "soft carriage" of a fast train.

      My ticket to St. Petersburg was 10 rubles, and the same for Yak-40. But the train is night, and on the Yak hour.
      1. Golovan Jack 18 January 2020 16: 10 New
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        Quote: tihonmarine
        it’s night on the train, and on Yak

        Plus, at least one and a half - for departure, and one and a half more - from Pulkovo to the destination.

        I flew so from Moscow. Galimovy show off. The train is better. IMHO.
        1. tihonmarine 18 January 2020 16: 39 New
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          Quote: Golovan Jack
          I flew so from Moscow. Galimovy show off. The train is better.

          That's for sure, the train is better, but when you fly further, you had to fly. Tickets were certainly not comparable now, up to Chita about a hundred rubles and a penny, but now they are already breathtaking.
  5. Stirbjorn 18 January 2020 12: 45 New
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    Nevertheless, the Russian aviation industry expects in the first half of the 2020s to begin supplying two aircraft - the Il-114-300 and Il-96-400M. In 2020, both prototypes will have to pass tests, and then, possibly, mass production of new air cars will begin.

    Neither one nor the other has even risen into the sky - what supplies ?! God forbid in the year 21 to supply and then, strong doubts. The author would be better about MS-21 told how things are with certification
    1. donavi49 18 January 2020 12: 57 New
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      21 on a foreign engine, 22/23 on PD14 (the president of the UAC gave an interview for the new year, he hopes by the end of 22 years close the certification, and fly 5 board this year with PD14 - will have to do more 400 flights, only for testing and certification program).
  6. The comment was deleted.
  7. Kleber 18 January 2020 12: 57 New
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    The main problems of the Russian civil aircraft industry are the International Civil Aviation Organization (ICAO) and the European Organization for the Safety of Air Navigation (Eurocontrol), which lobby the interests of all Boeing and Airbus.
    1. iouris 18 January 2020 13: 36 New
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      Airplanes from the Russian Federation cannot enter foreign markets due to technological barriers and lack of competitiveness. This, in principle, is not an obstacle to their use for domestic air travel. But specific geography, poor demography and high poverty make this segment unattractive to operators. In such a country there should not be a poor population.
      1. Kleber 18 January 2020 13: 46 New
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        In order for the civilian aircraft industry to develop little on the domestic market, an external one is needed. And there are not technical, but political barriers.
        1. iouris 18 January 2020 13: 49 New
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          “Political barriers” are discriminatory sanctions. With regard to non-competitive products, it makes no sense to use them.
          1. Kleber 18 January 2020 13: 55 New
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            In order to understand competitive products or not, they must be allowed to market. But with this, the problems are precisely in the form of barriers arranged by ICAO and Eurocontrol precisely for political reasons.
            1. iouris 18 January 2020 15: 58 New
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              Question: How is the situation in the automotive industry different from the situation in aviation? Answer: nothing. We also do not know how to build cars at the level of requirements of technological barriers established by the UNECE. One more question: why did you enter? Answer: yes, for this purpose they also entered into to close enterprises that are not capable of producing obsolete products. You can say: "Well then, you need to" come out "back." But then the slogans "Can repeat", "Thank you grandfather ..." and "To Berlin!" our citizens will write on very ancient BMWs and WVs, and modern Muscovites will never appear. The USSR missed this technological stage, and the Russian Federation must create production at a qualitatively new level, or disappear.
          2. Kleber 18 January 2020 14: 06 New
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            Here to understand in more detail (see picture). We don’t know how to make pilot seats? Or maybe a chassis? Or maybe the reason is completely different?

        2. mark1 18 January 2020 14: 19 New
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          Quote: Kleber
          In order for the civilian aircraft industry to develop little on the domestic market, an external one is needed.

          Without conquering the domestic market, there is nothing to do on the external market (unit production and poor service are predetermined), this is the main problem - we surrendered the domestic market.
          1. Kleber 18 January 2020 14: 25 New
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            You either do not want to understand me or do not want to. Initially, the superjet consisted of Russian components, but after the intervention of the International Civil Aviation Organization, it became exactly what you see in the picture above. And without access to flights of this organization, the domestic market is also closed. Typical political interference.
            1. mark1 18 January 2020 14: 50 New
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              Quote: Kleber
              Initially, the superjet consisted of Russian components,

              I admit, this fact is not known to me and raises doubts as to whether the Boeing project could consist of Russian components.
              Quote: Kleber
              And without access to flights of this organization, the domestic market is also closed.

              The issue is legal and very controversial. and because I am not strong in jurisprudence (from the word at all) I can’t even discuss it, but they say that the ICAO’s authority has been arbitrarily exceeded (therefore
              Quote: Kleber
              Typical political interference.
              absolutely agree). The influence of ICAO on the choice of components is nevertheless quite nominal, which does not prevent it from producing its own ICAO standards, and we are not just supposed to comply with ICAO requirements - we should strive in every way ...
          2. iouris 18 January 2020 16: 00 New
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            Quote: mark1
            Without conquering the domestic market, there is nothing to do on the external

            There is no domestic market in Russia, so there is nothing to conquer. Here airlines can only work on subsidies. The population of the USSR is 250 million. The population of the Russian Federation ?? The figure of 150 million is very optimistic. About 5% of the population fly. But their "domestic market" is not interested.
            1. mark1 18 January 2020 16: 05 New
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              So it is necessary to change the management of companies for subsidies in our reality - the legalized robbery of the consumer and the state.
              1. mark1 18 January 2020 16: 23 New
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                Quote: iouris
                About 5% of the population fly. But their "domestic market" is not interested.

                It all depends on the price of the issue, if gas prices continue to rise, without revenue growth, then 5% will drive cars. In fact, restricting the movement of population within the country is a political decision (or sabotage that for some reason they cannot stop).
                1. iouris 18 January 2020 21: 23 New
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                  Quote: mark1
                  restricting internal population movements is a political decision

                  Probably. This decision is the rejection of the building of communism ... to the foundation, and then .... wild capitalism. But for capitalism, the proletariat is needed (I carry everything with me). The proletariat breaks down from its homes, breaks away from patriarchal ties and is hired for "work." Where is the work? In Moscow or St. Petersburg. From these places they don’t go to their homeland to help the elderly dig potatoes, and even less so. They save up for housing or fly on credit to "quickly rest" in Turkey ("alllinked"). Here Turkey is not abroad, but the All-Russian and the granary and the health resort. Then they save up for winter shoes and a new smartphone. For some, "political sabotage", and for others - "democracy", "freedom", "liberalism".
  8. New Year day 18 January 2020 12: 57 New
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    you need to develop aviation, but in the context of existing revenues the question is, who will fly? The second question is where to fly from? The third question is what to fly on?
    According to VTsIOM, over the past 2-3 years, only 29% of the country's population flew airplanes. The increase in passenger traffic is primarily due to an increase in the number of trips made by the same passengers, rather than an increase in the number of new passengers on air transport.
    According to the Federal Air Transport Agency, in 2017, the total number of civil aviation passengers increased by 18,6% and reached a record high (105,1 million people). The largest contribution to the increase in passenger traffic in 2017 was provided by passenger transportation between Russia and non-CIS countries (+ 38,1%).
    In 2017, the cost of flights in the economy class of the aircraft exceeded the corresponding indicator of 2016 by 4,2%.
    The Soviet air ticket "weighed" 2,5 railway tickets, but now they are almost equal in price.
    Closed almost 1000 airports - primarily local airports.
    Today in Russia there are 1100 cities, of which 319 are with a population of over 50 thousand people, 781 - up to 50 thousand. At the same time, we have only 315 operating airports. The number of airports - this is the availability of air transportation for the population
    1. shura7782 18 January 2020 15: 57 New
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      Quote: Silvestr
      The number of airports - this is the availability of air transportation for the population
      We have a working airport in Vladimir. There are no flights and no future.
  9. GenNick 18 January 2020 13: 29 New
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    Quote: Silvestr
    you need to develop aviation, but in the context of existing revenues the question is, who will fly? The second question is where to fly from? The third question is what to fly on?
    According to VTsIOM, over the past 2-3 years, only 29% of the country's population flew airplanes. The increase in passenger traffic is primarily due to an increase in the number of trips made by the same passengers, rather than an increase in the number of new passengers on air transport.
    According to the Federal Air Transport Agency, in 2017, the total number of civil aviation passengers increased by 18,6% and reached a record high (105,1 million people). The largest contribution to the increase in passenger traffic in 2017 was provided by passenger transportation between Russia and non-CIS countries (+ 38,1%).
    In 2017, the cost of flights in the economy class of the aircraft exceeded the corresponding indicator of 2016 by 4,2%.
    The Soviet air ticket "weighed" 2,5 railway tickets, but now they are almost equal in price.
    Closed almost 1000 airports - primarily local airports.
    Today in Russia there are 1100 cities, of which 319 are with a population of over 50 thousand people, 781 - up to 50 thousand. At the same time, we have only 315 operating airports. The number of airports - this is the availability of air transportation for the population

    Minsk Moscow: train (compartment) 10,5 rubles; plane 15 rub. .
  10. Radikal 18 January 2020 13: 39 New
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    Russia is slowly but surely continuing to restore the power and capabilities of civil aviation. In this regard, 2019 turned out to be quite successful, although not without some problems.

    Figures of stingy statistics indicate that air traffic is growing in Russia. Fly more and more often: in 2019, air traffic reached a record high of 1,83 million flights. The total number of flights over the past year increased by 15,6%, with more than half of them being serviced by Russian air traffic controllers. High rates of international transit through Russian airways remain.
    The increase in civil aviation traffic is an indicator good for airlines (some of which are not Russian at all), but not for the country. For the country, an indicator of the power of its civil aviation is the ability to independently design and manufacture the entire line of civilian aircraft! sad
  11. Radikal 18 January 2020 13: 44 New
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    The article is "for everything good, against everything bad." winked
    1. GenNick 18 January 2020 18: 09 New
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      This is a toast !!!
  12. Zaurbek 18 January 2020 13: 44 New
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    Can you compare the rules for using small aircraft in Alaska and Canada with the Russian Federation?
  13. Old26 18 January 2020 14: 04 New
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    Quote: GB-M
    Dependence on foreign manufacturers and obsolescence of the fleet are two of the most important problems, which, unfortunately, are not resolved as quickly as we would like

    And yet, work is being done in this direction .. Small aircraft are subsidized in some regions and this is very good. But the fleet is outdated! But our country is huge and there is oil, and prices are the same as in Europe for gasoline, kerosene. I think this is the problem!
    Our oligarchy is already full of petrodollars .. Make gasoline cheaper and kerosene and the economy will work .. I'm sure! over there, Kazakhs have half the price of gas .... But they squeeze us like a lemon, as if we import oil from the USA

    And what, that Kazakhs are 2 times cheaper than gasoline? From this they have more small aircraft? The price of fuel only affects the price of tickets, and not the appearance of small aircraft ...

    Quote: tihonmarine
    I am not an aviator but I think that Russia needs small aircraft, like air. And a question for a specialist, but what were the numbers in the USSR.

    I don’t know the numbers, but small aircraft were enough. At least at different times there were different cars. In the early 60s at the local airport were from small aircraft YAK-12, AN-2. In our city (from childhood memories) there were 3 or 4 L-200 Morava aircraft. In later times, the Czechoslovak L-410 appeared. The worst in comfort was, alas, our AN-2. But the most massive. But the replacement for him - BE-30 - did not go kmk for political reasons ...

    Quote: knn54
    One moment (for passenger transportation) - during the times of the USSR, a plane ticket was cheaper than in a "soft carriage" of a fast train.

    It all depended on the distance, but in principle you are right. Surely cheaper than in a CB car. The EMNIP route Stavropol-Rostov-on-Don cost a little over 6 rubles on the bus (6.10 or 6.20 EMNIP), and for the EMNIP plane 7 rubles with copecks. A train ticket (compartment) cost about the same amount. But you have to take into account that the bus ran for 6 hours, the train generally took about 10 hours and at least once had to eat.
  14. rocket757 18 January 2020 15: 36 New
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    Someone believes that the problems are getting LESS ???
  15. Vladimir Mashkov 18 January 2020 15: 40 New
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    A little good article. Of course, there are many problems. And most of all I liked the first sentence: "Russia is slowly but surely continuing to restore the power and capabilities of civil aviation." yes
  16. midshipman 18 January 2020 15: 47 New
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    Not all Civil Aviation issues are indicated. I will add During the USSR period in the Russian Federation there were more than 2000 airports. Now there are 228 of them. And there are 282 airports in Alaska. There are more than 13,5 thousand airports in the USA. Remember in the USSR a ticket from Leningrad to Moscow cost 13 rubles on an airplane. And now?
    1. kit88 18 January 2020 23: 28 New
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      Campaign tickets today are "cheaper"
  17. 75 Sergey 18 January 2020 16: 31 New
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    Very slowly, and this is power, not power.
    At this pace, we will not even reach in the near future.
  18. Radikal 18 January 2020 19: 32 New
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    Quote: GenNick
    This is a toast !!!

    What will we drink for? wink drinks
  19. Petrol cutter 18 January 2020 21: 01 New
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    This is all of course good. Just something often something falls with us.
    And this is not a buzz. Honestly, I never flew ... And actually not really (I want something from something). These are the thoughts that are coming to sleep.
  20. Old26 18 January 2020 22: 36 New
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    Quote: Benzorez
    This is all of course good. Just something often something falls with us.
    And this is not a buzz. Honestly, I never flew ... And actually not really (I want something from something). These are the thoughts that are coming to sleep.

    And I flew over 40 years of work before stupid. Unfortunately in the last decade this has been straining. Previously, for example, from Stavropol to Rostom I could get there in an hour by plane, and the last time I had 6 hours by autobus ...
    And they often fell about ... Well, everything is relative. Over 20 years, 35 of our aircraft suffered a catastrophe and as a result 1367 people died.
  21. avia12005 19 January 2020 07: 20 New
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    Mantsurov and the Ministry of Industry and Trade are not able to ensure the release of aircraft for small aircraft. At the same time, Mantsurov is the richest minister in the government. Why is he doing this?
    1. Rostovchanin 19 January 2020 07: 52 New
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      Are you sure his last name MantsurovI know Manturov
      1. avia12005 19 January 2020 17: 08 New
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        Typo. But this does not change the essence. Call it what you like, but there will be no one aircraft.
  22. intuzazist 19 January 2020 09: 00 New
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    The most impressive event of the year was the landing of an Airbus A321 aircraft with 226 passengers on a cornfield in the Moscow Region on August 15, 2019. The crew under the command of Damir Yusupov demonstrated miracles of endurance, and his pilots demonstrated impressive skill, showing that not everyone with the training of civilian pilots was as bad as the media assured us over the years.
    --------------------------------------------
    I just do not understand this hysteria !!!!! What is the exposure? !!! What skill ??? !!! 3 minutes of flight and landing right in front of you !!!! As in the textbooks !!!!!! Terribly lucky everyone that was an empty field !!!!! Even if the combine just stood or what tractor !!!! Everything would become the most sad !!!!!! The crew did not even have time to get scared !!!! They have already shot at everything on earth !!!! And in the country it will not get better with aviation until they restore the entire training system for the flight personnel !!! So that second MVL pilots are graduated and after a few years fall into the seat of the second pilot of the main liners ......
  23. Valery Potapov 19 January 2020 10: 09 New
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    Under conditions of systematic destruction of the country's industry, the normal development of individual industries is impossible. Moreover, the authors of the devastation / the owners are getting better / remained in the guide ...