Military Review

Twice Forgotten George Post

8

Lipkin commemoration at the monument to St. George's post


After the death of St. George’s post, the fallen heroes were buried in different places. One of them, along with commander Efim Gorbatko, rested in the cemetery of the village of Neberdzhaevskaya. Others, as it turned out later, were less fortunate; they were buried in the Neberdzhaev valley near the river, which later washed away the graves. Immediately after the funeral, the question was raised about installing a monument at the post, but for many years the battle site remained nameless.

The sad fate of the Neberdzhaevsky monument


History Monument to St. George’s post is sad. After the funeral in 1862, the construction of the monument and the collection of money for its construction were entrusted to Army foreman Vasily Stepanovich Varenik. Vasily Stepanovich, it is worth noting, took up the matter with all responsibility. Throwing a cry for the Cossacks, the foreman began to raise funds. But the region was just starting to settle in, new villages of Cossack migrants appeared, who still had to establish a way of life for their families, so the amount collected was not enough even for a memorial slab appropriate for the feat.

But Vasily Stepanovich did not stop there. His enthusiasm was fueled by the fact that the viceroy of the Caucasus himself, Grand Duke Mikhail Nikolaevich Romanov, initially took part in this matter. Later, this participation will be indicated in the inscription on the monument. However, when the foreman turned to the command with a proposal to add military funds to the collected money, he was refused. No matter how troubles Vasily Stepanovich, everything was useless. Finally, he had to turn over all the collected money to the Troops Administration. Such an injustice in relation to the fallen heroes is explained by the fact that the Caucasian war was on its way to an end, the state budget bore the burden of development of the Caucasus, as well as the resettlement of part of the highlanders, who for the most part voluntarily left these lands and left for the Ottoman Empire.


It would seem that history was forgotten, but the struggle for perpetuation of the memory of the Cossacks began Nikita Ivanovich Vishnevetsky. While still a 20-year-old officer, Vishnevetsky, with the permission of his superiors, comes to Novorossiysk and, spending his own money, conducts a survey of Circassians sailing to the Port, witnesses of the events at the Georgievsky post. Future Major General Vishnevetsky is one of those almost forgotten personalities, thanks to whom the memory of the heroes of the Caucasian War has been preserved. He is the author of many essays, including the fate of the centurion Gorbatko and his brothers in arms. In the latter, he explicitly points out that "the only purpose of this article of mine is to raise once again the question of setting up a monument."

But years passed, some wars gave way to others, and Neberjay continued to keep the terrible fate of a lonely fortification. By 1888, when Vishnevetsky once again raised the issue of the monument, the graves of the fighters of the St. George post near the Neberdzhay River were already blurred, and the fortification itself was torn down, turning into a plain mound. Only in 1900, the case of Nikita Ivanovich in perpetuating the memory of the Cossacks-plastunas of the post was successful. On September 4, 1900, with a large crowd of people, the long-awaited monument to the St. George Post was unveiled. By that time, Vishnevetsky was already a general, historian and philanthropist known in Yekaterinodar.


Monument to Gorbatko and his comrades in the village of Neberdzhaevskaya

Here the author is forced to note the following fact. In many materials, the installation of the monument is dated to 1882. However, the most striking initiator of the installation of this monument, General Vishnevetsky, who has visited Neberdzhay repeatedly, claims in his essays that even in 1888 there was no monument, so the date of 1900 is more likely to be correct.

Until 1920, young Cossacks took the oath at the monument on the site of St. George’s post. But the bloody wind of Russian hard times blew out this glorious tradition, and the monument remained abandoned.

Doctrine of Soviet historiography


The author does not want to discredit the Soviet period of power in our country, but at the same time, along with huge gains and undeniable successes, extremely specific problematic phenomena multiplied. So, in order to strengthen the position of the new government, Soviet historians quickly labeled colonialism at the last stage of the Caucasian War, despite the fact that hostile mountaineers were financed by capitalist opponents of the Soviet regime from France, Britain, etc.

The doctrines of the Soviet historians of the Caucasian War reached the point of absurdity. So, the Soviet Caucasian scholar Leonid Ivanovich Lavrov was so saturated with the doctrines of his time that in his 1937 Ubykhs he not only branded tsarism and Russian colonial (!) Troops, but also managed to weave Karl Marx and his ideology into his work, mentioning her more often than the name of Haji Berzek - the leader of the Ubykhs and the initiator of their resettlement to Turkey.

After such an ideological treatment, is it any wonder that some monuments to the heroes of the Caucasian war were literally rolled into concrete! For example, a monument to the heroic defense of the Mikhailovsky fortification and its main characters, Arkhip Osipov and staff captain Liko, was not just blown up in Vladikavkaz: valuable memorial material was later used to pave one of the stairs of the central park of culture and recreation.

In this situation, the only thing that saved the monument to the St. George post was its location - a mountain gorge away from the main roads, hidden by impenetrable forests. The monument, safely forgotten at the direction of new doctrines who want to curry favor with the authorities, calmly chach beyond the Markotkh Range.

Twice Forgotten George Post

The next time he was captured on film due to ... the Germans. The Nazis decided that the place around the monument, on top of which a cross was erected, was just as well suited for the burial of German soldiers. And around the memorial to Russian Cossacks-plastunas, a German cemetery appeared.

In 1943, our troops knocked out Nazi invaders from Novorossiysk and the entire Krasnodar Territory, and the monument again plunged into sad nonexistence.

In 1954, construction began on the Neberdzhaevskoe Reservoir, which Novorossiysk urgently needed. A monument to the Cossacks also fell into the flood zone. It would seem that nothing more prevented just from flooding this area, nothing and no one but the builders themselves. Neberdzhai was built by war veterans who did not suffer from the doctrine of officials. Therefore, without unnecessary noise and public discussion, the monument was carefully moved from the flood zone to a safe place, where it is now.

Graves in the old cemetery of the Neberdzhaevskaya village


As the author has already indicated, part of the Cossacks found the last refuge in the cemetery in the village of Neberdzhaevskaya. At the same time, the brave Cossack woman, Gorbatko’s wife, was buried separately from her husband, who was buried with his comrades. A special monument was also erected above their grave - a large metal cross, the only one in the entire Neberdzhaevsky cemetery of that time. But this monument not only shared the fate of the long-forgotten memorial in the Neberdzhaev Gorge, it actually ceased to exist.


Local enthusiasts only after lengthy surveys of local old-timers were able to detect the burial of Cossacks. There was no trace of a metal cross, only oak boards remained, which were installed on top of the grave, because because of the rocky soil, the grave turned out to be shallow - not more than 70 centimeters.

In 2006, the restoration of the monument to the Cossack heroes began in the village of Neberdzhaevskaya. The monument was restored by different people. And the Cossacks, like Alexander Otrishko, and just the locals. Finances also attracted either their own or caring compatriots.


Monument on the grave of his wife Gorbatko

Along with the restoration of the monument, the process of adoption of the law of the Krasnodar Territory No. 1145-KZ “On the establishment of holidays and observances in the Krasnodar Territory” began. According to this law, the first Saturday of September is set as the date of the Lipkin commemoration. On this day, in the Neberdzhaevskaya valley and at the memorial cross in the village of Neberdzhaevskaya, Cossack events are held in memory of the ataman KKV, and the delegation of Cossacks from Taman, from Tuapse, Gelendzhik and, of course, Novorossiysk. Again, young Cossacks from the cadet corps reached this place.

The author hopes that this time the glorious history of the Fatherland will not be used for political purposes by either the left, the right, the “white” or the “red”.
Author:
Articles from this series:
The feat and death of the St. George post
https://topwar.ru/166453-georgievskij-post-na-poroge-katastrofy.html]Георгиевский пост. На пороге катастрофы[/url]
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  1. Same lech
    Same lech 20 January 2020 05: 11 New
    +7
    The author hopes that this time the glorious history of the Fatherland will not be used for political purposes by either the left, the right, the “white” or the “red”.

    And I really hope so ... during the change of power, monuments from various reformers and revolutionaries suffer in the first place ... each has his own vision of history.
    Thank you East Wind ... for not letting go of the memory of our heroic ancestors ... thanks for the article. hi
  2. Slavutich
    Slavutich 20 January 2020 06: 35 New
    +6
    Great article
    Eternal memory to heroes!
  3. Olgovich
    Olgovich 20 January 2020 09: 51 New
    +5
    Thanks to the local Cossacks for honoring the memory of their ancestors

    Thanks to the author for the meticulous research: I wonder where he took even ... German photography! hi

    The monument was fabulously lucky: the barbarians of those times did not catch the eye

    the monument to the heroic defense of the Mikhailovsky fortification and its main characters, Arkhip Osipov and staff captain Liko, in Vladikavkaz was not just blown up: valuable memorial material was later used to pave one of the stairs of the central park of culture and recreation.

    So did the barbarians of all ages and times, using beautiful temples and monuments as quarries.

    Marble chips from the slabs with the names of Russian heroes and the slabs themselves were used for paving roads, cladding, chopping meat, etc. This fate befell the inscribed slabs of the Main Monument to the Russian soldiers of OV 1812, the main Naval Cathedral in Kronshtadt, the Cathedral of Vladimir, the temple to the sailors St. Petersburg, etc.


    The steps of the stairs made of marble memorial plates of Heroes from the Cathedral of Christ the Savior.
    Millions of feet of people who did not even suspect about it walked through them .... The cynicism of those who did this cannot be comprehended ...
  4. Corrie sanders
    Corrie sanders 20 January 2020 13: 30 New
    +3
    Such injustice in relation to the fallen heroes is explained

    the fact that this case was caused by gross miscalculations and incompetence both at the highest and at the tactical level. The command of the Caucasian line missed the Circassian raid in such numbers, although Russian agents sat everywhere - from a deaf aul in the mountains to a sultan’s harem. A lot of money was written off to intelligence, for this they gave orders and promotions. In St. Petersburg there were reports that such as "the mouse will not slip." And in the end, a horde of wolves slipped through. Further, the post was in fact unfinished, this is also a jamb of line officials reporting to the top that "everything is ready, Your Excellency, if you please accept."
    And finally, the blunders of the post commander - not just at the wrong time, he did NOT inform the neighboring posts either about the approach of the enemy or about the assault that had begun. Judging by the behavior of the Circassians, they could not believe it and were constantly waiting for the approach of the Russian maneuver units. Whether he conducted observation of the enemy or not, we won’t recognize it (we’ll attribute the “wolf howl of plastunas” to the lyrics of the story), but the fact that the enormous mass of the enemy suddenly faced the post. The defense of the post itself has already been analyzed in a previous article, but the fact is that before this incident a lot of situations were known when Russian units successfully fought off in much worse conditions.
    Therefore, the monument would once again resemble “dirty linen in public” to the mighty figures of the commanders of the Caucasian line and the brother of the emperor himself, who craftyly persuaded the army foreman not to erect the monument.

    The author does not want to discredit the Soviet period of power in our country, but at the same time with huge gains and undeniable successes at that time

    there were no such “successes” at that time (Ubykh 1937) - there was massive poverty with a crazy ideology and technical backwardness. And the contempt of all the countries of the world, who were amazed how it is possible to destroy their own great state with their own hands and then trample their history with hate into the dirt. Success began after 1943, when the epaulettes and historical memory were returned (W. Churchill's History of BB2, Volume 3). And the peak of success came in the Brezhnev era, when Russian military history was actually served according to the canons of the Republic of Ingushetia
    1. vladcub
      vladcub 20 January 2020 20: 04 New
      +3
      Kamrad Sanders, agrees that there was a miscalculation of command, and such cases can be found in great numbers in ancient and modern history.
      Regarding the fact that Russian agents were sitting under the sultan’s bed, this is one of the myths.
      Regarding "no such" successes, "there was no" - it is debatable: yes there was poverty and backwardness, to a small extent due to leadership mistakes, but there were notable successes: DneproGES (1932), ChTZ (it was recently written about) and others .
      That in each book it was necessary to insert quotes from the classics of Marxism-Leninism, what was such a sin to do
      1. Corrie sanders
        Corrie sanders 20 January 2020 22: 37 New
        +1
        Dear Svyatoslav, I don’t want to start an off-top discussion here, I just offhand, about DneproGES, I will cite excerpts from respected American publications on the construction of DneproGES:

        how the victorious proletariat lived and worked
        ---------------------------------------------------------------
        "workers lived crowded in huts, often without drinking water, worked for a long time, culture and sanitation were digested slowly. There were no forks, spoons, plates, dined with artels, using one spoon at a time at the table. Soap was rarely sold, there was not enough fresh hay for mattresses "Garbage was exported irregularly. For drunkenness, playing cards, fights were punished, especially if they happened in the presence of children. Most preferred drinking, going to dances in clubs (the foxtrot was very popular), watching movies, than studying Marxism-Leninism"
        [Anne D. Rassweiler. Soviet Labor in the First Five-Year Plan: The Dneprostroi Experience (Labor during the first five-year plan: Dneprostroy experience). - Slavic Review. - Association for Slavic, East European, and Eurasian Studies, 1983. - Vol. 42. - P. 230-246.]

        and how foreigners lived and worked:
        -------------------------------------------------
        "In Alexandrovsk, the American consultants lived in great comfort. They were provided with several six-room brick cottages, each with a kitchen, bathroom, central heating, hot and cold water. Food was taken by sea from the USA through Odessa. There were two concrete courts and four with a dirt surface and golf course "
        [Harold Dorn. Hugh Lincoln Cooper and the First Detente. - The Johns Hopkings University Press, Technology and Culture, 1979. - Vol. 20. - P. 322—347]
  5. vladcub
    vladcub 20 January 2020 20: 14 New
    +3
    Wind, I have a huge request for you: give more materials about the heroic pages of the Caucasian War.
    We had some kind of wild bias in history: a lot was written about the war of 1812, and the advance of Russia in Central Asia, the annexation of the Caucasus or the REV, WWII somehow “jumped out” of history.
    1. Krasnodar
      Krasnodar 20 January 2020 22: 39 New
      +2
      So this is what the "patriots" brand Israel laughing