Military Review

Barrel around the corner. Shooting technology that scares Americans

39

Kryvostvol 2.0



A long time ago weapon, allowing you to shoot from behind cover and at the same time not expose yourself to enemy bullets, it was considered almost shameful. It was a shame to use nozzles and crooked trunks to shoot the enemy with impunity. However, over time, an understanding of the absurdity of the term "dishonest weapon" came and almost all arms companies offered their solutions to this issue. And at the end of World War I, the American Albert Pratt offered an absurd pistol helmet.

Barrel around the corner. Shooting technology that scares Americans

Albert Pratt Helmet Gun Patent

The humor of this melee device consisted in the method of firing: the owner of this miracle helmet had to blow the tube with force in order to fill the pear pulling the trigger. How much time passed before the shooter detected the target and opened fire, история is silent. A classic of such weapons technology, of course, is considered a crooked barrel. During the Second World War, the Germans used the Krummerlauf rifle attachment, which, however, did not allow aimed fire and seriously impaired the ballistic properties of the bullet.


German StG44 with Krummerlauf

There were also trench rifles with a system of periscopes, which already made it possible to aim fire from cover. The TRAP T2 (Telepresent Rapid Aiming Platform) program from 1998 became an extreme manifestation of the desire to protect the fighter from the enemy bullet at all costs. This mechanic is designed for the most expensive soldier on the battlefield - the sniper. In fact, TRAP T2 is a stationary remote-controlled robot with a rifle, wirelessly connected to the operator. At the same time, the sniper shooter need not be afraid of suppressing the firing point even with the help of tank weapons, since the technique allows the operator to be removed 100 meters from the weapon. But the weight, high cost and low mobility did not allow the TRAP T2 to become a mass weapon.


Corner shot

But weapons for special forces Corner Shot adopted by many countries. This flailing pistol (rifle, 40-mm grenade launcher) with a video camera performs its main function well - conducting aimed fire in tight spaces from around the corner during assault operations. But in ordinary life, it is excessively bulky and expensive.

The closest to the most optimal concept of safe shooting from around the corner were the French with the FELIN complex. A rather bulky infrared sight is mounted on the FAMAS F1 rifle, the FN Minimi light machine gun or the FR-F2 sniper rifle, equipped with an interface with an IEEE 1394 standard port for communication with the helmet-mounted OVD surveillance device. However, the clarity of the picture and the resolution of the display leave much to be desired.


Felin


Land Warrior

In the 2000s, the United States implemented a similar project, Land Warrior, which laid down the possibility of broadcasting video from sight to helmet-mounted displays. In the first versions of such a system of wires, there were so many that it was sometimes easier for a fighter to completely leave the battle. Also, the excess weight and cost of the entire set made the project move to a sluggish state, although the Yankees are still actively testing it in Iraq and Afghanistan.

Rapid Target Acquisition


The American Rapid Target Acquisition (RTA) program from PEO Soldier, BAE Systems and DRS Technologies has incorporated the very best of the world of military high-tech firing techniques: compactness, low weight, energy efficiency and a high price (about $ 18000). The fighter is equipped with the latest generation AN / PSQ-20 helmet-mounted mono or binocular night vision binoculars, connected wirelessly to the FWS-I thermal imaging sight on the M16, M4 or M249.




Complex developed as part of the Rapid Target Acquisition project

The equipment is quite compact and in the case of mass use will seriously change the picture of hostilities. Strictly speaking, it cannot be called a full-fledged firing system due to shelter. The Israeli Corner Shot will be more effective, since it completely isolates the fighter's limbs from fire from around the corner. In RTA, hands in some angles still stick out due to cover along with a rifle. But the American system has one undeniable advantage - versatility. During testing at the training ground, most of the fighters were able not only to hide from the shelter without raising their heads, to hit most of the targets presented, but also learned to conduct aimed single fire without putting weapons on their shoulders. This allows you to make a thermal imager in front of the eyes with a contrasting aiming mark. The RTA system simultaneously provides a 40-degree viewer of the surrounding reality, as well as an 18-degree visual field from the sight of a weapon.

Actually, what does this lead to? If the same fighters without RTA conditionally hit 17 out of 40 targets, and with RTA 34 out of 40, then this definitely reduces the requirements for the level of possession of weapons. A decrease in the skill of the shooter inevitably leads to a decrease in responsibility. From a professional of high standard, he turns into the operator of another gadget that can easily kill. In addition, the conduct of automatic firing without emphasis on the shoulder threatens with a sharp decrease in firing accuracy due to uncontrolled recoil. Moreover, in such cases, the accuracy of shooting disappears as a concept: bullets can fly anywhere and hit their own or civilians. The Americans seriously fear that adopting such systems will not allow the formation of stable skills in the recruits with a mark and safe shooting.


The second major problem is the combination of infrared and thermal imaging channels on ENVG-B displays. In some operating modes, the fighter does not see the person, but only his outlines of red color. This, by the way, is implemented in the Rapid Target Acquisition around the clock: fighters look at the world during the day through a thermal imager / night vision device. How to determine that in front of you is an armed person? It is not visible what is in his hands (of course, if it is not a machine gun or a grenade launcher) and what kind of clothes he is wearing. But even if the target is identified as a combatant, where is the guarantee that this is not your own? At the same time, the RTA system allows you to "see" through thin walls, doors, fog, snowfall or heavy rain. All this seriously increases the risks of shooting someone from fellow soldiers.




U.S. Army VR Prototype Testing

But it seems that this does not particularly concern the leadership of the US Army. In 2021, it intends to announce operable devices for the Integrated Visual Augmentation System (IVAS) project, which Microsoft has been working with since 2018. These are virtual reality glasses such as Google Glass or HoloLens, which will display on the transparent matrix everything that is most important for the fighter at the moment: maps, a thermal imaging picture of the surrounding area, a video sequence with mini-drones and, most importantly, highlight enemy targets. How this will be applied to people is not clear. There is an assumption that a fighter with IVAS will simply and thoughtlessly execute orders to defeat the goals specified by the system, without bearing any responsibility for this. What is not a cyborg killer from science fiction films?
Author:
Photos used:
breakingdefense.com, businesswire.com, en.wikipedia.org, warriors.fandom.com, military.com
39 comments
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  1. Vladimir_2U
    Vladimir_2U 17 January 2020 05: 39
    +6
    The Germans used the Krummerlauf rifle during World War II
    There were such nozzle trunks in the USSR! And yet, in the 90s in Russia they developed a literally penny fiber optic nozzle for literally any sight.
    1. Vladimir_2U
      Vladimir_2U 17 January 2020 06: 35
      +5
      This nozzle, literally any sight! The mating part is put on the eyepiece, and that’s it!
      Kalash in the tank hatch.
      1. Zaurbek
        Zaurbek 17 January 2020 08: 54
        -1
        Everyone can make cheap.
        1. Vladimir_2U
          Vladimir_2U 17 January 2020 09: 37
          +3
          That's just the opposite.
      2. Undecim
        Undecim 17 January 2020 10: 50
        +2
        There were such nozzle trunks in the USSR!
      3. Undecim
        Undecim 17 January 2020 10: 52
        +2
        Kalash in the tank hatch
        Only there the basis is not AK, but the PKK.
        1. Vladimir_2U
          Vladimir_2U 17 January 2020 10: 57
          0
          The PC was curved, and what is the meaning of PKK?
          1. Undecim
            Undecim 17 January 2020 11: 07
            +1
            You probably did not understand me.

            This installation was not performed on the basis of an AK assault rifle, but on the basis of an RPK light machine gun.
      4. Fibrizio
        Fibrizio 17 January 2020 12: 24
        0
        You can exercise such a Kalash instead of a bar, but you are narrow in the hatch. Also shoot.
        If I did not hold Kalash with a Soviet night light in my hands, I would probably still believe in the concept.
      5. KrokodilGena
        KrokodilGena 19 January 2020 05: 14
        0
        Quote: Vladimir_2U
        This nozzle, literally any sight! The mating part is put on the eyepiece, and that’s it!

        And everything, straight analog? And is it thermal imaging optics? )) A particularly short and stiff hose pleases, it’s for intense fighting itself .. Have you tested this sight somewhere, used it?
    2. Undecim
      Undecim 17 January 2020 10: 58
      0
      There were such nozzle trunks in the USSR!
      1. Undecim
        Undecim 17 January 2020 11: 00
        +1

        The collapsible installation BUK-3 was equipped with two 7,62-mm curved machine guns Goryunov KSGM.
        1. Undecim
          Undecim 17 January 2020 11: 03
          +1

          7,62 mm RPG Degtyarev light machine gun with a 45 degree bent nozzle barrel. Prototype.
        2. Vladimir_2U
          Vladimir_2U 17 January 2020 11: 47
          +2
          Yes, I confused the SG and the PC blindly, but the PKK, in principle, is also Kalash, only a little "heavier".
    3. destiny20
      destiny20 17 January 2020 18: 17
      -3
      Well, where are they? probably every soldier in the unit has. Yes?
  2. riwas
    riwas 17 January 2020 06: 14
    +7
    The Belarusian company "BelOMO" has developed a PKP sight (collimator periscope sight), which allows firing from around a corner.
    Its design excludes the use of complex electronic components as part of the sight, which significantly increases its survivability in comparison with foreign counterparts, for example, the Israeli Corner Shot installation for shooting from around the corner.
    http://www.arms-expo.ru/news/weapons_in_the_world/pritsel_dlya_vedeniya_strelby_iz_za_ugla_v_usloviyakh_gorodskogo_boya_sozdan_v_belorussii/?sphrase_id=15664616
    The magazine "Arms" No. 2 for 1997 describes the device of A. Golodyaev. Matching optics are used to reduce the diameter of the fiber optic cable. The tests carried out in 1996 at the proving ground gave successful results. So, when firing from a long-barreled weapon at a distance of 100 m, out of 15 bullets fired into the "bull's-eye" fell to 7.
    In April 2009, the Russian weapons “Kulibin”, V. Boyarkin, patented a video sight for firing from around a corner from a firearm (patent No. 2403527). Based on the patent of NTF MEDIUM LLC, a PM video sight was developed for aimed fire from a Makarov pistol (PM) from a shelter (“around the corner”) during anti-terrorist operations. The sight can record the progress of the battle in the memory of the TV camera in the form of video or audio information.
    Unlike the Israeli "Corner Shot", the PM video sight allows you to fire with one hand in horizontal and vertical planes and instantly transfer fire in any direction.
    http://zonwar.ru/news5/news_964_Videopricel_PM.html?attempt=1
  3. Uncle lee
    Uncle lee 17 January 2020 06: 17
    +6
    "Well, if you know where the arrow is from,
    worse, if for vile, from around the corner "!
    V. Vysotsky .....
  4. Sergey_G_M
    Sergey_G_M 17 January 2020 07: 11
    +5
    Modern devices are great, but judging by their number, the fighters will not move from cover to cover, but from socket to socket and God forbid some kind of jammer! )))
    Interestingly, it will be difficult for EW systems to break down and wedge themselves into WiFi and transmit other funny pictures to such fighters instead of real ones, for example, shoot at each other, etc.?
    1. Blackmokona
      Blackmokona 17 January 2020 07: 57
      +1
      Impossible without quantum computers
  5. Same lech
    Same lech 17 January 2020 07: 22
    +1
    What people just won’t come up with ... I can imagine how such a thing comes out of a keyhole or window leaf ... you can get a heart attack.
  6. Undecim
    Undecim 17 January 2020 08: 13
    +11
    The Americans seriously fear that adopting such systems will not allow the formation of stable skills in the recruits with a mark and safe shooting.
    Some kind of stupidity. Where does this maxim come from? Or did the author add on his own?
    Recruits in all armies of the world, including the American, are first taught to shoot, i.e. form stable skills, and then the development of more complex systems begins.
  7. Zaurbek
    Zaurbek 17 January 2020 08: 54
    -2
    How else, instead of an expensive helmet, did not fit comm virtual reality glasses using a smartphone? There is wifi and the image is good.
  8. Blue fox
    Blue fox 17 January 2020 09: 04
    +3
    It was still in service with the USSR SDs after the war.

    machine gun installation BUK.
    In particular, one of them was in the KaUR bunker in the Mednavodsky BRO.
  9. Kalmar
    Kalmar 17 January 2020 10: 56
    +4
    Interesting thoughts voiced, of course)

    In addition, the conduct of automatic firing without emphasis on the shoulder threatens with a sharp decrease in firing accuracy due to uncontrolled recoil. Moreover, in such cases, the accuracy of shooting disappears as a concept: bullets can fly anywhere and hit their own or civilians.

    Like, usually the military are exclusively aimed sniper fire? Especially the machine gunners.

    the RTA system allows you to "see" through thin walls, doors, fog, snowfall or heavy rain. All this seriously increases the risks of shooting someone from fellow soldiers.

    Does the ability to "see" better increase your chances of shooting your own? Seriously? Let the fighter put on horse blinders in general, so that he doesn't hit anyone superfluous.

    From a professional of high standard, he turns into the operator of another gadget that can easily kill.

    There is an assumption that a fighter with IVAS will simply and thoughtlessly execute orders to defeat the goals specified by the system, without bearing any responsibility for this.

    Artillerymen, missilemen and pilots confirm - it will be so)) In general, nonsense from the category of "computer games provoke violence."
  10. Andrey.AN
    Andrey.AN 17 January 2020 12: 18
    0
    Put a panoramic mirror in front of the bar so that it rotates 180 degrees and 0 does not interfere with direct marking, which is much cheaper.
  11. Maki Avellevich
    Maki Avellevich 17 January 2020 12: 20
    0
    But weapons for special forces Corner Shot adopted many countries. This flailing pistol (rifle, 40-mm grenade launcher) with a video camera performs its main function well - conducting aimed fire in cramped spaces from around the corner during assault operations. But in ordinary life, it is excessively bulky and expensive.


    in ordinary life, ICBMs are also expensive and bulky.
  12. bunta
    bunta 17 January 2020 12: 25
    +1
    Judging by the title and content of the article, America scares itself.
  13. smaug78
    smaug78 17 January 2020 12: 25
    +1
    The author is a student of liberals ...
  14. Nikolaevich I
    Nikolaevich I 17 January 2020 12: 35
    +2
    And at the end of World War I, the American Albert Pratt offered an absurd pistol helmet. 1. Well, why "at the end" (?) ... and one sample is mentioned! In the article, however, the phrase "trench" rifles with a system of periscopes were used! Only the date is not indicated and the addition of periscopes just did not work! It was during WW1 that "trench rifles with periscopes" appeared and became somewhat widespread!

    2. And what a fig to invent small arms "curved" weapons, if you can get "flying pistols, carbines"! request That is, compact shooting drones! A "soldier" in glasses-monitors and with a joystick in his hands will sit in a trench, or in a dugout (yes, even in an APC, if you wish!) fellow
  15. L-39NG
    L-39NG 17 January 2020 12: 41
    +2
    I didn't understand at all. On what basis did the author of the article conclude that "Shooting technology scares the Americans." Doesn't it scare the Russians? Or Arabs, Chinese? An order has been given to crumple Americans, Ukrainians, Belarusians?
    1. bunta
      bunta 17 January 2020 23: 02
      +2
      Quote: L-39NG
      On what basis did the author of the article conclude

      Most likely, this is a bzig of the editor-in-chief of VO, and not of the author (it is turned on his own skin). They have a rule of making two-part headlines and a number of conventions designed for easy digestibility of information by readers not burdened with intelligence above elementary school.
  16. voyaka uh
    voyaka uh 17 January 2020 12: 51
    +6
    Virtual augmented reality glasses in 10 years will be
    at all, at any schoolboy. Like now - a smartphone.
    So are virtual helmets.
    And it would be completely ridiculous not to equip soldiers with such devices
    and officers.
    Now no one is surprised at the turrets for all kinds of armored personnel carriers with remote control.
    The operator sits under the armor, and the machine gun hits.
    Take a step further: the rifle on the turntable stands on the parapet of the trench, and the soldier sits below
    with remote control. And it leads from a height of a small drone.
    Combining four objects: a rifle, a remote control, a target and a drone is easy.
    And the chain was broken - he pulled the rifle down and shoot through an ordinary optical sight.
    1. Falcon5555
      Falcon5555 18 January 2020 02: 27
      0
      A drone is good for observation, but how can it aim a rifle? Nonsense! On the rifle itself there should be a sight with a video camera. And the picture is transferred to the soldier in the trench - in glasses or on a device such as a smartphone. And to shoot with my hands, I would also add an electronic sight and automatic equipment for single shooting on the rifle, so that the rifle itself would fire when, in the process of hand tremor or target movement, the barrel would be pointed correctly. Then you will not need all the hemorrhoids with breathing, pulling the trigger and the like troubles that prevent beginners from shooting.
      1. Ironcity
        Ironcity 18 January 2020 17: 38
        0
        Such systems have long been developed and tested in the army, the tracking point is called, in the states it is even sold on the civilian arms market.
    2. Nikolaevich I
      Nikolaevich I 18 January 2020 04: 29
      +1
      Quote: voyaka uh
      Virtual augmented reality glasses in 10 years will be

      The expression "virtual reality glasses" would be more correct ...? After all, glasses, whatever they are, are still "materially tangible"! wink I like the idea of ​​a system of "ground" weapons, a drone, a "protected" fighter-"operator" (!) - I myself thought about something similar! But the "military-technical" progress is already "advancing" towards this! For example, "complexes" are already being used, including weapons (artillery pieces, mortars, MLRS ... yes, at least, grenade launchers!) And targeting drones ... But in the future, I think, "ground" weapons will be an extra link, or only heavy weapons will remain! An armed drone is an important component of the future combat complex!
  17. prodi
    prodi 17 January 2020 13: 37
    0
    the main thing in this idea, of course, is not shooting from around the corner, but rather aiming from the hip in the attack
  18. SNEAKY
    SNEAKY 17 January 2020 14: 56
    0
    laughing He shot like that from the usual 47th, which he took to the left through the target. The track generally leaves beautifully.
    Then they admitted to me that he served as a bench on the tower.
  19. KrokodilGena
    KrokodilGena 19 January 2020 05: 50
    0
    Probably it would not be a bad thing to remember about the "intelligent rifles" of TrackingPoint, where it is enough to mark the target through the electronic sight and the weapon itself pulls the trigger when the aiming point converges with the barrel, this allows you to aim and hit from behind cover, and at a distance of 1000m and much higher. On the test, the complete rookie hit the target for 1200 yards from the first shot. The sight image is displayed even on a smartphone, or on an eyepiece. Combining this rifle with the Situational Awareness System makes a very serious weapon. NATO has been going in this direction for a long time, one of the first systems in this direction, for example, the sight in the German version of the G36, this is a two and 3x night sight with a red dot, which of course gives advantages in fast aimed shooting, especially at night and at medium-long distances ... Or American laser systems, consisting of a laser pointer and special night vision goggles, have been in operation since the early 2000s, like the G36. I do not understand the author's pretense to systems, they say, they relax the fighters, you can shoot the wrong person .., then you just throw your hands apart, and whoever has been in the batch will probably twist it at his temple. It is a matter of time before smart rifles, scopes, armored vehicles, and maybe exoskeletons will achieve military reliability and will be introduced to the troops, because all this is already there and at a fairly high level, maybe the exoskeleton is lagging behind, but it is still inevitable.
  20. Xomaik
    Xomaik 15 February 2020 10: 26
    0
    The technology is not bad, but as far as I remember, the USSR had this