The assault on the East Prussian fortress of the Reich

The assault on the East Prussian fortress of the Reich
Soviet Tanks The IS-2 of the 75th Guards Heavy Tank Regiment of the 3rd Belorussian Front overcomes the rise in East Prussia. January 1945


The Agony of the Third Reich. 75 years ago, in January 1945, the East Prussian operation began. The Red Army defeated the powerful East Prussian Wehrmacht group, liberated the northern part of Poland and occupied East Prussia, the most important military-economic part of the Third Reich.

East Prussian fortress


East Prussia was historical fortress, strategic bridgehead of Germany in the Baltic. The Nazis used this region to attack Poland and the USSR in 1939 and 1941. When the Reich began to lose the war, East Prussia became a powerful stronghold for the defense of the Reich. Here, deeply echeloned defense lines and lines, fortified areas were prepared and improved in engineering terms.

The German Army Group Center (which was transformed into Army Group North from January 26, 1945), driven back to the Baltic Sea, defended on a vast front stretching over 550 km from the mouth of the Neman to the Vistula (north of Warsaw). It included the 2nd and 4th field, 3rd tank armies. There were 41 divisions in the army (including 3 tank and 3 motorized), 2 battle groups, many special forces, including militia battalions (Volkssturm). In total, Colonel General G. Reinhardt, commander of the Army Group Center, had 580 thousand soldiers and officers, plus 200 thousand militias, 8,2 thousand guns and mortars, 7 tanks and self-propelled guns, and more than 500 aircraft of the 6th air fleet Luftwaffe. The German Navy from the bases located in Prussia supported the Wehrmacht on the coastal flank.

German soldiers and officers, despite the heavy defeats of 1943-1944, retained their fighting spirit and high combat efficiency. The German generals were still high class. Marshal Konev recalled the strength of enemy resistance during this period as follows:

“Far from all Germans saw the sunset of the third empire, and the difficult situation did not make almost any changes to the nature of the actions of the Nazi soldier on the battlefield: he continued to fight as he did before, distinguishing himself, especially in defense, by stamina, sometimes reaching fanaticism. The organization of the army remained at its best, the divisions were manned, armed and equipped with everything or almost everything that was supposed to be their state. ”

In addition, many soldiers of the East Prussian Wehrmacht operational-strategic grouping were local natives and were determined to stand to death. The impact of Hitler’s propaganda was also affected, where various horrors of the “Russian occupation” were portrayed.

The German High Command tried with all its might to keep the East Prussian strategic bridgehead. It was necessary not only for the defense of the central part of the Reich, but also for a possible counterattack. The Hitler Headquarters planned under favorable circumstances to go on the offensive from East Prussia. The local group hung over the 2nd and 1st Belorussian fronts, which could be used for a flank attack, and the defeat of the main forces of the Red Army in the central, Warsaw-Berlin direction. Also from East Prussia it was possible to restore the land corridor with Army Group North, which was blocked on the Courland Peninsula by land from the Soviet Baltic fronts.


Volunteers of East Prussian battalions of the Volkssturm listen to the speech of SS Reichsfuhrer Heinrich Himmler. October 1944


A sixteen-year-old Volkssturm fighter armed with a MP 40 submachine gun. East Prussia


Column of German tanks Pz.Kpfw. V “Panther” moves to the front in East Prussia. January 1945


The column of German infantry and self-propelled guns tank destroyer Jagdpanzer IV / 70 (V) are moving along the road to East Prussia. Part of the German infantry is armed with Panzerfaust grenade launchers. January 1945

Red Army Forces


The troops of the 3rd and 2nd Belorussian fronts were involved in the East Prussian operation with the support of the Baltic Fleet. The 3rd Belorussian Front (3rd BF), commanded by General Chernyakhovsky, came close to the borders of East Prussia from the east. In the area of ​​Gumbinenna troops of this front occupied a wide ledge. On the northern flank of the East Prussian grouping were the troops of the 1st Baltic Front, General Baghramyan (43rd Army). On the southern flank - the troops of the 2nd Belorussian Front (2nd BF) under the command of Marshal Rokossovsky.

The Soviet armies were given the task of cutting off the enemy group in East Prussia from the rest of the Wehrmacht forces, pressing them to the sea, simultaneously delivering a powerful frontal strike from the east to Koenigsberg, dismembering and destroying German troops. The 3rd BF front was supposed to deliver the main blow north of the Masurian Lakes towards Königsberg. The 2nd BF was to develop an offensive along the southern border of East Prussia, bypassing the Masurian lakes and other fortified areas, breaking through to the Baltic coast, to Marienburg and Elbing. The 43rd Army in the north developed the offensive in the Tilsit direction. The Baltic Fleet, under the command of Admiral Tributs, was to support the advancing troops on its coastal flank. aviation and ship fire, as well as landing and assaults on enemy naval communications.

Our troops had an overwhelming superiority of forces and weapons over the enemy. The composition of the two Belarusian fronts totaled more than 1,6 million people, 21,5 thousand guns and mortars (76 mm caliber or more), 3,8 thousand tanks and self-propelled guns, more than 3 thousand aircraft.


The offensive of the Soviet armies


On January 13, 1945, the armies of the 3rd BF went on the offensive, and on January 14, the armies of the 2nd BF. The strike group of the 3rd BF at the first stage of the operation was to defeat the Tilsit-Insterburg group of the enemy. North of Gumbinenna, the 39th, 5th and 28th armies of Generals Ludnikov, Krylov and Luchinsky, the 1st and 2nd tank corps were struck. In the second echelon was the 11th Guards Army of General Galitsky. The 43rd Army of Beloborodov was advancing on the northern flank of the front attack group (on January 19 it was transferred from the 1st Baltic Front to the 3rd BF), striking Tilsit together with the 39th Army. On the southern flank of the front, the 2nd Guards Army of General Chanchibadze was advancing on Darkmen. From the air, ground forces were supported by the 1st and 3rd air armies of Generals Khryukin and Papivin.

The Germans were able to identify the preparation of the Russian troops for the offensive and took proactive measures. In addition, heavy fog reduced the effectiveness of artillery preparation and prevented effective aviation operations at the beginning of the operation. Given the power of the German defense in Prussia, where new engineering elements were combined with old fortifications, all this affected the pace of the Soviet offensive. The Germans retained the fire system and the command and control system, the infantry moved to the second and third positions and did not suffer noticeable losses. The Nazis fought desperately. Our troops had to gnaw through enemy defenses. Adverse weather conditions persisted for several days and the aircraft could not support the ground forces. Only on January 18, the troops of the 3rd BF broke through German defense in a strip up to 65 km and advanced to a depth of 30 - 40 km. On January 19, the 5th Guards Army advanced from the rear joined the offensive at the junction of the 39th and 11th armies. By this time, in connection with improving weather, our aviation also began to operate effectively.

On January 19, Chernyakhovsky’s troops occupied Tilsit, on January 21 - Gumbinenn, on the 22nd - Insterburg and Velau. Our troops reached the approaches to Koenigsberg. The Germans were severely defeated in the area of ​​Tilsit and Insterburg. However, the troops of the 3rd BF did not manage to encircle and destroy the enemy group, and immediately begin to storm the Koenigsberg. The main forces of the 3rd Panzer and partly 4th Field Army, displaying strong and fierce resistance, moved to the lines of the Daima and Alla rivers, to the positions of the Heilsberg fortified area, to take up defense at new positions on the west bank of the rivers, and on the Zemland peninsula north of Konigsberg.

The 2nd Belorussian Front, under the leadership of Rokossovsky, at first had the task of breaking through to the northwest, carrying out close cooperation primarily with the 1st BF, which at the same time carried out the Wisla-Oder operation. Rokossovsky’s troops provided a neighbor from the northern flank and supported his breakthrough to the west. From the air, the troops of the front were supported by the 4th air army of Vershinin. January 14 - 16, Soviet armies broke into the enemy’s defenses. On January 17, Volsky’s 5th Guards Tank Army was introduced into the breach, with the goal of Marienburg. The 3rd Guards Cavalry Corps of General Oslikovsky was advancing on Allenstein.

On January 19, Soviet troops occupied Mlawa. On January 20, when Rokossovsky’s troops were already approaching the Vistula, the Soviet Headquarters ordered the front, the 3rd, 48th, 2nd, and 5th Guards Tank Army, to turn north and northeast to help the 3rd MU BF and accelerate the defeat of the East Prussian enemy group. The armies of the 2nd BF quickly developed an offensive in a northerly direction. On January 3, troops of the 20rd Army crossed the old Polish border and entered Prussian land. They with battle broke through the old German fortified line, erected even before the war. Parts of the 48th army, bypassing the fortified enemy posts, also successfully advanced. Oslikovsky’s cavalry broke into Allenstein on January 22 and, with the support of units of the 48th army of General Gusev, took the city. The defense of the Allenstein fortified area was broken.

On January 26, Volsky’s tank guards reached the Frishes-Huff Bay in the Tolkemito area. Soviet troops blocked Elbing. At the same time, units of the 2nd shock army of General Fedyuninsky went to Elbing and on the approaches to Marienburg, went to the Vistula River and captured the bridgehead on the west bank of the river. Units of the 48th Army also entered the Elbing and Marienburg area. Thus, most of the East Prussian group (the forces of Army Group Center, from January 26 - “North”), was cut off from the main forces of the German army in the Berlin direction and lost land communications with the central regions of the Reich.

On the southern flank of the front, the 65th and 70th armies of Generals Batov and Popov attacked at the junction of the two fronts, ensured their interaction and covered the neighbors who were fighting the Warsaw enemy grouping. During stubborn battles, these armies reached the line of the Lower Vistula and captured a bridgehead on the western bank of the river. On the northern flank, the 49th Army of General Grishin covered the front's strike force, moving to Ortelsburg.


A column of Soviet tanks T-34-85 of the 1st Guards Tank Corps with a landing on the road in East Prussia. January 1945


Column of Soviet tanks EC-2 on the road in East Prussia


A battery of Soviet 122 mm M-30 howitzers fires at an enemy in East Prussia. 3rd Belorussian Front


Broken German StuG IV assault gun on the streets of Allenstein. East Prussia

The continuation of the battle


The struggle for East Prussia did not end there. The Nazis had not yet surrendered and had fierce resistance, counterattack. The German command, in order to return land communications to the East Prussian group, prepared a strike from the Heilsberg region to the west, to Marienburg, and a counter strike from the Elbing region. On the night of January 27, 1945, a German group (6 infantry, 1 motorized, and 1 tank division) dealt a sudden blow to units of the 48th army. Our troops were forced to withdraw. During the 4-day battles, the Germans advanced westward 40-50 km. However, the Nazis failed to advance further. The Soviet command pulled in additional forces and the enemy was thrown back to their original positions.

In the meantime, the armies of the 3rd BF continued to break through to Koenigsberg. The 11th Guards and 39th Armies were aimed at assaulting the main stronghold of the enemy in Prussia. The Nazi resistance did not weaken and continued to increase as our troops approached Koenigsberg. The Germans desperately defended their stronghold. However, the Red Army continued the offensive. The 4th German army, in order not to fall into the "cauldron", retreated to the Masurian lakes and further west. Russian troops broke through the defenses of the German rearguards on the Masurian Canal and quickly crossed the Letzen fortified area left by the Germans. On January 26, our troops took Letzen, and developed an offensive on Rastenburg. Hitler that day replaced the commander of the East Prussian group, General Reinhardt, to Colonel General Rendulich. Army group “Center” changed its name to “North” (the army group surrounded in Latvia became known as “Courland”). A few days later, General Hossbach, the commander of the 4th Army, was also removed from his post and Mueller became his successor.

By January 30, Chernyakhovsky’s troops bypassed Koenigsberg from the north and south, and also occupied most of the Zemland Peninsula. The entire area of ​​the Masurian Lakes was occupied on the southern flank of the front. The 4th field and 3rd tank armies of the enemy were doomed. They still fought stubborn battles, tried to hold on the coast in order to maintain supply, as well as to cover the escape routes along the Fischer-Nehrung spit and sea communications. Also, the Germans fought desperately for the capital of East Prussia, one of the most powerful fortresses on the planet. On January 1, troops of the 28st Baltic Front occupied Klaipeda, a major seaport and city, completing the liberation of Lithuania from the Nazis.

Thus, the East Prussian Wehrmacht group suffered a severe defeat and was divided into three isolated groups. The first group was located on the Zemland Peninsula (the Zemland task force — 4 divisions); the second was blocked in Königsberg (5 divisions and a garrison); the third was pressed to the sea in the area southwest of the East Prussian capital (20 divisions). The Nazis, despite the heavy defeat and loss, were not going to capitulate. The German command planned to release Königsberg, ensure its long-term defense, and unite all isolated groups. Also, the command of Army Group North hoped to restore land communications along the coastal Königsberg-Brandenburg road. The fierce battle continued.



The troops of the 10th Panzer Corps of the 5th Guards Tank Army of the 2nd Belorussian Front occupy the city of Mühlhausen. The city of Mühlhausen was liberated from the Nazi troops on January 24, 1945. Soldiers ride on self-propelled guns SU-76.


Tanks T-34-85 with a landing on the armor are conducting an offensive in East Prussia. 2nd Belorussian Front. February 1945


A column of German prisoners of war moves along a road in East Prussia
Author:
Photos used:
http://waralbum.ru/
Articles from this series:
The agony of the Third Reich

The Agony of the Third Reich. 75 years of the Vistula-Oder operation
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  1. Vladimir_2U 16 January 2020 05: 10 New
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    Good review article, excellent illustrative material. Thanks to the author.
    1. Operator 16 January 2020 11: 03 New
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      The most interesting thing is what tactics was used by the Red Army in the assault on the medieval fortifications of Koenigsberg, after which the Germans began to capitulate en masse (I hope the author will talk about this in the next part).
      1. Vladimir_2U 16 January 2020 11: 11 New
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        The author thinks too globally. )))
        Tactics during the storming of Koenigsberg
        https://ilya-prosto.livejournal.com/43300.html
        More interesting if you score in a search engine
        tactics (actions)
        1. Alexey RA 16 January 2020 16: 16 New
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          Quote: Vladimir_2U
          More interesting if you score in a search engine
          tactics (actions)

          There, besides SHISBR, ordinary sappers were also annealed.

          Entering the grove, the attackers approached the deep and wide moat of one of the fortresses. The unit commander called the commander of the sapper squad Sergeant Sour and ordered to arrange an explosive descent into the moat. After reconnaissance, the sappers found out that the ditch had a width of up to 25 m. A vertical stone wall served as his countercarp. In the moat was ice, covered with a thick layer of snow. The height of the stone wall to the ice surface reached 5 m. The opposite side of the moat was an earthen slope, passing above the horizon into a slope of a shaft that rose steeply up behind the moat. The moat was located at an angle to the advancing. Between the sides of the ditch, moving away towards the enemy, a plot of land was formed in the form of an island with a front length of up to 350 m. This “island” was a powerful long-term defensive structure - one of the forts of the fortress.
          (...)
          The installation of wells for charges in frozen ground required a lot of time, and enemy fire interfered with the work. Therefore, Sergeant Sour decided to use surface charges. They were prepared in advance and placed 200 kg in barrels, which were convenient shells. Such charges were easy to drive up to the objects of the explosion. The descent was supposed to be formed by three successive explosions of external concentrated charges located on the edge of the moat.
          (...)
          Arrows, covering the actions of sappers, began firing at the caponier’s embrasures with machine guns and anti-tank rifles. Under the cover of gunners' fire, sappers Kulba and Chistyakov delivered another charge down the ditch - a barrel with 200 kg of tol - and began to roll it to the right side of the caponier. But a strong fire from the embrasures did not allow to come close to him. Then the sappers changed direction and went to the left side of the caponier, where they saw an iron door, which they undermined with a small charge. Penetrating behind it and not finding anyone, the sappers rolled a charge into the underground corridor (rubble), apparently going from the caponier into the fort. Having prepared the barrel with the toloma for the explosion, the sappers left the room and took cover behind an earthen embankment near the caponier. The charge exploded. Suddenly there was a second explosion, but of much greater strength. Then the crackle of exploding rifle cartridges began, and again, one after the other, explosions, for a total of up to nine. In the numerous casemates of the fort were ammunition depots, which exploded from the charge laid by sappers.
          1. Vladimir_2U 16 January 2020 17: 01 New
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            And then! They didn’t take anyone in sappers!
  2. thanks 16 January 2020 05: 17 New
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    How many trials our grandfathers had to test to destroy the fascist hydra ... We are proud of them and will not allow the European followers of fascism, their descendants, to review the results of World War II!
    1. The leader of the Redskins 16 January 2020 09: 12 New
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      That's where my grandfather at the age of 18 became disabled ...
  3. Same lech 16 January 2020 05: 53 New
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    Yes, the photos are very interesting ... I read the recollections of the Germans who fought in East Prussia ... all the time complained about the cruelty of the Russians continuously spraying them with artillery fire ... our troops did not spare ammunition on the heads of the Fritz.
    1. Alexander Suvorov 16 January 2020 10: 15 New
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      The same LEKHA (Alexey)
      Yes, the photos are very interesting ... I read the recollections of the Germans who fought in East Prussia ... all the time complained about the cruelty of the Russians continuously spraying them with artillery fire ... our troops did not spare ammunition on the heads of the Fritz.
      Yes, yes. Grandfather said that before Stalinrad, the ammunition for the guns was spent carefully, but from the Kursk Bullet they were already pounding without regard to the charging boxes. The main thing is that the rear has time to deliver on time. According to Königsberg, they also adored from the heart. Probably not one nemchuru remembered his mother, God and their Fuhrer with a "kind" word under the shelling of my grandfather's battery!
      1. Operator 16 January 2020 11: 01 New
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        In fact, Koenigsberg (port, administrative, residential and industrial buildings) turned American bombers into dust.
        1. Alexander Suvorov 16 January 2020 11: 11 New
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          Operator (Andrey)
          In fact, Koenigsberg (port, administrative, residential and industrial buildings) turned American bombers into dust.
          The fact of the matter is that ours fought with the Wehrmacht, and the Amerzos with small-shavens, with civilians and infrastructure, so that nothing valuable could fall into our hands. Cattle are arrogant.
          1. Operator 16 January 2020 11: 25 New
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            This is not so - the Red Army and the Red Army in 1945 without hesitation destroyed:
            - artillery fire from tank guns, self-propelled guns and artillery of the RVGK, urban buildings and structures converted by the Germans into defense nodes, the unevacuated inhabitants of which died under the wreckage;
            - aircraft rockets convoys from military equipment and trucks with evacuated German civilians, trains with German military units and evacuated civilians;
            - torpedo ships with German military units and evacuated civilians.

            The reason for the death of civilians on the evacuation routes was as simple as a nail - the German military command for some reason did not want to organize their separate evacuation (without escort), marking vehicles with red crosses on the roofs and sides of cars, wagons and ships.
            1. Alexander Suvorov 16 January 2020 11: 39 New
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              I do not argue with the facts you brought, BUT neither the Red Army nor the Red Army have set themselves the goal of destroying precisely the civilian population, you must agree. Something I have never seen an order for the Red Army with the words "destroy everything that moves." Another thing is that the Germans either did not want to, or did not specifically begin to evacuate the civilian population. And if a sniper or a machine gunner got into an apartment building, then of course ours didn’t hesitate to beat him with everything that could shoot. There is a principle in war as in war. Anyway, after what the Germans did to us, we had every moral right to destroy them without exception. But we did not do this, on the contrary, we also fed them. Wide mysterious Russian soul.
              But the arrogant Saxons deliberately destroyed the Germans themselves and the infrastructure. Take the same burnt alive Dresden.
              1. Operator 16 January 2020 11: 50 New
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                The United States and Britain by carpet bombing solved the problem of destroying the production potential and mobilization reserve behind enemy lines. In this regard, the USSR could concentrate on the destruction of the enemy’s armed forces at the front and in the frontline zone.

                Now, for the independent solution of the first task, the Russian Federation has strategic nuclear forces, the second task - nuclear weapons.
                1. pogis 16 January 2020 14: 42 New
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                  Ah, if the Allies would bomb the synthetic gas plants not on May 13, 44, but on May 13, 42, oh yes at 42 they were not interested!
                  1. Alexander Suvorov 16 January 2020 15: 10 New
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                    ogis (Alexander)
                    Ah, if the Allies would bomb the synthetic gas plants not on May 13, 44, but on May 13, 42, oh yes at 42 they were not interested!
                    In the 42nd they were much more interested in the Red Army and the Wehrmacht shoveling each other as much as possible, then to finish off the weakened winner themselves. Yes, only the USSR by the 45th year was clearly too tough for them.
                    1. pogis 16 January 2020 15: 29 New
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                      Well, yes, but the Yuseks had a mighty Japan across their throats!
                      1. Alexander Suvorov 16 January 2020 16: 31 New
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                        pogis (Alexander)
                        Well, yes, but the Yuseks had a mighty Japan across their throats!
                        With which they, according to their own confession, would have been at war for another 5-7 years if the Red Army hadn’t unraveled the Kwantung Army for a MONTH! According to the estimates of the Americans and the Britons, the loss of one and the other in the case of landing on the islands would be measured in a million and a half million, respectively. And this is unacceptable for arrogant Saxons, people will not appreciate it. So they courted Uncle Joe from all sides.
                      2. voyaka uh 16 January 2020 22: 56 New
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                        "they would have fought for another 5-7 years" ////
                        ----
                        In July, 45 atomic bombs were already ready and tested,
                        and in August they were used.
                        There would be no 5-7 years. An extra couple of months, and without
                        losses.
                      3. Alexander Suvorov 17 January 2020 08: 16 New
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                        voyaka uh (Alexey)
                        In July, 45 atomic bombs were already ready and tested,
                        and in August they were used.
                        There would be no 5-7 years. An extra couple of months, and without
                        losses.
                        You do not know the story well. First of all, there were nothing of those bombs. What was then thrown off. Secondly, nuclear bombing did not lead to the desired effect. The bombing was on August 6 and 9, and the USSR entered the war on August 9. Why, then, Japan did not capitulate immediately on the 9th or 10th? And she waited for a whole month, until the Soviet Union dismantled the Kwantung army?
                        No need to lie, and so frankly. If the USSR didn’t enter the war, the United States would certainly defeat Japan in the end, but it would happen much (very much) later and with very large losses for the United States. That's something like that, Mr. Liar.
                      4. voyaka uh 17 January 2020 10: 31 New
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                        "The surrender of Imperial Japan was announced by Japanese Emperor
                        Hirohito on August 15 "////
                        ----
                        The Emperor of Japan announced his surrender on August 15, 1945.
                        A week after the atomic bombing. Once from there
                        returned a group of generals who examined the places of the bombing.
                        These generals recommended him to surrender.
                        The emperor did not know about the defeat of the Kwantung army in those days.
                        She was completely cut off from the islands. When the command
                        The Kwantung army learned about the surrender of Japan, it is also in that
                        the day capitulated.
            2. Alexey RA 16 January 2020 16: 25 New
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              Quote: pogis
              Ah, if the Allies would bomb the synthetic gas plants not on May 13, 44, but on May 13, 42, oh yes at 42 they were not interested!

              Firstly, in 1942, a day raid on Germany was a meat grinder. For there are no escort fighters yet. Even after the appearance of the “pitchers", the bombers suffered heavy losses - Schweinfurt is an example of this. Night raids on a target the size of an oil refinery are simply the scattering of bombs (see paragraph 3). It was not for nothing that the limes flying at night chose the cities immediately as targets.
              Secondly, the Allies developed the tactics of the fight against oil refineries only in 1944. Prior to this, they had chosen not only what had put the plant out of action for a long time, but what was most noticeable. And only a year later it turned out that the columns, designed for high pressure and temperature, perfectly resist shards and blast wave.
              Thirdly, please consider the outfit of forces to disable the synthetic fuel plant, if according to the data for 1944, on average no more than 3-5% of dropped bombs fell within the factory’s fence. With a daily raid!
              Fourth, look at the performance characteristics of the Allied bombers for 1942. And compare with the same models, but modifications of 1944. As they say, feel the difference. smile
        2. Alexey RA 16 January 2020 12: 34 New
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          Quote: Alexander Suvorov
          But the arrogant Saxons deliberately destroyed the Germans themselves and the infrastructure. Take the same burnt alive Dresden.

          Ummm ... still don't mix Yankees and limes.
          According to the same Dresden, the Yankees worked "in a targeted way": according to the plan, the goal of their work was not the city as a whole, but specifically the station, warehouses and a sorting station. And they worked during the day.
          But limes - yes, they worked as planned exactly in the city blocks. Moreover, the raid was originally planned for the best defeat of the residential sector: the EMNIP, the stadium, after which each squadron had to turn at its specially calculated rate and after a specially calculated time to dump its load, was chosen as the basic benchmark. This "fan" was supposed to cover the entire city center. "Butcher Harris," which is already there.

          The Yankees generally in Europe tried to work "in a targeted way." This is on TO TVD Le May pulled himself to the fullest, staging a great burning of Tokyo. However, judging by the notes of the same Horikoshi, the military industry regularly came under attack in cities.
  • Olgovich 16 January 2020 07: 47 New
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    for the first time in this war, as a result of this operation, the Germans in my own skin experienced all the horrors of the mass exodus of their civilians and suffered huge losses: from military operations, terrible frosts, panic, the death of ships, disorganization.

    Many thousands of women and children froze on the ice of the Frisch-Gough Sea, many went under the ice, in German ports they threw their children towards the ships ....
    1. Romey 16 January 2020 12: 39 New
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      41 years just the opposite ... The irony of fate and revenge for much. Russian tanks from nowhere. Silts walking over columns of troops and refugees, sowing death. The panic of those who did not have time to escape. I had a conversation with a German who lived in my house. He was then 9 years old. When he told this, horror was still read in his eyes. They did not have time to escape with their mother and grandfather, they had to stay at home. Maybe that's why they stayed. There were countless corpses along the roads in the curbs. Mostly civilians. He also said that they had our tank unit. The tankers themselves did not touch them, but, having drunk, they wanted to destroy the house with a tank. Only sheds with stables managed. His grandfather (who was a prisoner in our war and knew Russian) sat on the porch, lit a pipe and said that they should only destroy him. The case ended with an officer running in and putting things in order. The house is still standing.
    2. pogis 16 January 2020 15: 35 New
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      Do you feel sorry for them? Read the book Dyukov, Puchkov: For what the Soviet people fought.
      1. Romey 16 January 2020 16: 24 New
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        I mean sorry? This is war ... But in war, the concept of pity is very relative. I read the book of Dyukov, but before it I read a lot, and most importantly I listened to living eyewitnesses. Puchkov’s work is not interesting to me because of his manner of presenting material. In general, your question smacks of provocation in order to expose the enemy of the current socio-economic system in liberalism. But in order not to attack the fan as an officer, I’ll say that in the case of the tankmen there was a gross violation of military discipline, the Charter and the Command Orders, rightfully suppressed by the superior, if you are talking about this.
  • moreman78 16 January 2020 08: 25 New
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    Grandfather participated in the assault on Koenigsberg, was wounded by a shrapnel during the crossing of the river. Pregel. He managed to capture 16 Fritz with an officer with his two soldiers.
    1. evgic 16 January 2020 09: 44 New
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      My grandfather received a banner for Koenigsberg. And shell-shock, after which he was transferred to the commandant’s office.
      1. pogis 16 January 2020 14: 47 New
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        In your case, the Banner is written with a capital letter, as for example, in our time, the Man is the Order of Courage.
  • Octopus 16 January 2020 08: 38 New
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    Samsonov without geopolitics? Incredible. It still confuses “Russian” and “Soviet”, but the rest is kept on the topic. Surprised in a good way.
  • BAI
    BAI 16 January 2020 09: 44 New
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    Column of Soviet tanks EC-2 on the road in East Prussia

    Home is how modern Russian cottages are. Indeed, how could one Soviet tanker not be quoted as saying: “Looking at these houses, we thought - and why did they go against us?”
    1. Operator 16 January 2020 10: 58 New
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      Sucks - modern cottages will be cooler laughing
  • Alexga 16 January 2020 11: 56 New
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    My uncle received the Red Star for the fact that his first company from the division broke into the territory of East Prussia.
  • Sergelis 16 January 2020 12: 06 New
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    there my grandfather ended the war.
    without an eye. he lost his eye near Kursk.
    But serving in the rembat did not interfere, so I reached / reached Kenegsberg.
  • pogis 16 January 2020 14: 56 New
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    The Wehrmacht drove the Red Army east for 1,5 years. The Red Army regained the position of 41g. for 1,5 g, but we stepped on well-built defense lines that were built in advance, crossing the high western banks of the rivers, and won!
    1. Alexey RA 16 January 2020 17: 22 New
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      Quote: pogis
      The Red Army regained the position of 41g. for 1,5 g, but we were advancing on well-built deeply echeloned defense lines

      Ahem ... and this is nothing that the Wehrmacht also needed to step on well-built defense lines in advance?
      - First - the line of SD on the new border;
      - then - “Stalin Line” (including deep sections, such as the same Kiev UR);
      - behind it - the pre-war SD of the third frontier (the same Rzhevsky and Vyazemsky SD, begun by design in the winter of 1941 and hastily being completed after the outbreak of war, because according to the plan the first phase of construction was to be completed by June 1, 1942, an intermediate stage by January 1, 1942);
      - and, finally, the wartime SD (the same Stalingrad contours).
  • midshipman 16 January 2020 15: 05 New
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    Thank you, Alexander. Let the youth read.
  • bbss 16 January 2020 23: 37 New
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    Gallop across Europe! Well, and more mistakes that ruined the impression of the article. It turns out the enemy had only 7 (seven) !!! tanks and self-propelled guns throughout East Prussia. In addition, the "Russian troops" are attacking with might and main.