ZIL-157: the era of prosperity and stagnation


ZIL-4311 - slightly ennobled "Zahar"


Years of stagnation


In fact, the entire production life of Zakhar was divided into three periods: the first from 1958 to 1961, the second lasted until 1978, the third, final, until 1992.

In its original form, it was a car capable of taking on board up to 2,5 tons of cargo on a primer, while on paved roads this figure increased to 4,5 tons. "Cleaver" was also able to drag a trailer weighing up to 3,6 tons. The motor was mounted on a truck from the predecessor ZIS-151, only with a new aluminum block head and an advanced carburetor. This allowed to raise the power to 104 liters. from. with a control fuel consumption of 42 liters per 100 km. Gasoline consumption was less than that of the heavier ZIS-151, but due to the reduced fuel supply on board, the power reserve fell to 510 km.

Despite the fact that the ZIL-157 received the Grand Prix in Brussels as a truck for agriculture, the Soviet Army was the main consumer in the early years. One of the options for military performance was a machine with an index G, equipped with shielded equipment. The army also received the ZIL-157E chassis, prepared for the installation of special equipment and add-ons. There were options with an additional power take-off designed for add-ons. Also in the production range was the ZIL-157V truck tractor, which could drag semi-trailers up to 11 tons. It is interesting that all truck tractors based on Kolun were necessarily equipped with self-pulling winches - this was insurance in case the heavy train got stuck in the mud. ZIL-157V and its later modifications under the indices KV and KDV were, in fact, piece goods - the issue was limited to 300 copies per year.

ZIL-157: the era of prosperity and stagnation
ZIL-157KV truck tractor

Other than that, as already mentioned in the first part of the story, ZIL-485A and BTR-152V1 amphibians were collected on Zakhar aggregates. The advertisement that the truck received in 1958 in Brussels attracted the attention of foreign customers and export modifications of the ZIL appeared on the conveyor - for countries with a temperate climate (option 157E), with hot (157U without a “stove” and pre-heater) and humid tropical (157T with sealed wiring).


A couple of years after the machine was launched into series at the 38 Pilot Plant on the basis of Zakhar, a light wheeled evacuation tractor (KET-L) was created, the main profile of which was pulling out stuck, tilted or sunken cars, transporting damaged cars by semi-loading. The tow truck remained in the category of experienced.


Light wheeled evacuation tractor, mod. TK4: 1 - oxygen cylinder with a capacity of 40 l; 2 - an arm of fastening of an oxygen cylinder; 3 - loading device; 4 - a saddle device; 5 - hinged screw support in the stowed position; 6 - hatch auxiliary winch; 7 - a box for cans; 8 - cassette for anchors; 9 - main winch; 10 and 11 - openers (emphasis)







ZIL-165 - one of the experienced predecessors of ZIL-157












Fire engines based on ZIL-157 in various designs

Also, on the basis of the 157th ZIL, a PMZ-27 fire engine appeared, developed in the city of Priluki, Chernihiv region. If you carefully look at the photos of the car, you can see the rear doors of the second row of the original design. Prior to this, regular front doors were simply installed on fire engines. Naturally, such a design turned out to be very tenacious and migrated to ZIL-131 and ZIL-130. On the basis of the fire PMZ-27, an option was developed for hot countries, as well as the first in the USSR aerodrome version with the letter A, characterized by a fire monitor on the roof. He allowed to begin to extinguish the plane before the car stopped. In the PMZ-27, capacities were provided for 2150 liters of water and 80 liters of foaming agent, and the cabin accommodated 7 people. After a small upgrade, the fire truck based on ZIL-157 was discontinued in the early 70s, replacing the more advanced 131st vehicle.















"Cleaver" on tests and in serial versions

Oddly enough, but the first modernization overtook the car already in the third year of conveyor life. Now even foreign automakers do not always withstand such a frequency of updating - and here ZIL in the middle of the 130th century. This was due to the emergence of machines of 131 and 157 families, which shared part of their units with Zakhar. The second-generation machine received the name ZIL-1977K, as well as a single-disk clutch, synchronizers for all forward gears (with the exception of the first), a hand drum brake and shock absorbers on the front suspension. This was the latest version of Zakhar, produced at the metropolitan factory. Since 1982 (according to one version since 157), the Ural Automotive Plant in Novouralsk was engaged in production. The car began to be called ZIL-130KD, found a new engine with a piston from ZIL-110 (131 hp) and a reinforced chassis from the younger XNUMXst brother.




















ZIL-157 on tests and in serial versions

Now the “Cleaver” could take on board 5 tons if used on solid roads and 3 tons on the roads. This option in many ways became the most civilian among all the ZIL-157 modifications, since the obsolete truck was no longer popular in the army and the cars went mainly to agriculture. Every year the design headquarters added “Zakhara” some innovations, but they cannot be called serious. For example, in 1981, FG1-EB headlights were introduced with FG140 non-separable optical elements and A-12-45 + 40 lamps with European asymmetric dimming, and C44-311 was installed instead of the sound signal C01. But the power steering in the design did not appear.






ZIL-4311

It is noteworthy that instead of a superficial modernization, the factory workers offered to make a full facelift under the index 4311. Zakhar 2.0 was supposed to get new wings with built-in headlights and cargo with increased sides, more suitable for transporting agricultural products. But the new cabin did not live up to expectations, since it had not fundamentally changed in capacity and ergonomics, and the ZIL-4311 remained in a single copy.

100 options


Initially, ZIL-157 took over all the military professions that the predecessor ZIS-151 had, but over the years, specialization expanded to over 100 use cases. The machine worked actively in the Warsaw Pact countries, as well as in several dozen friendly countries, which explained such a wide military specialization. The real army classic was the airborne Zakhar, capable of transporting up to 18 personnel, as well as towing artillery systems. The second most common were various kungs made by license plates of the Ministry of Defense. Of these, the KR-157 experimental sliding body of variable volume to accommodate a command post or dining room deserves special mention. The body was developed in 1963, but in the serial embodiment a similar technique appeared many years later already on the ZIL-131.

The first two generations of ZIL-157 became an excellent base for various means of communication and control, including because the truck for its time well combined load-carrying capacity and high mobility. For example, since 1977, the R-2 ultra-short-wave direction finder was installed in the KUNG-363 body on the Zakhar.


Ultra-short-wave direction finder R-363.

The next paths of ZIL-157 were field repair shops, the first of which was VAREM (military automobile repair and maintenance workshop). By the way, the first copies of the experimental workshops appeared at the 38th Experimental Plant in Bronnitsy ten years before the production of the Zakhar, and were mounted on the Studebaker US6 landlord. Later, more advanced versions of PARM, MTO-AT and APRIM (autonomous mobile repair engineering workshop) appeared.


VAREM


MTO-AT


Washing and neutralizing machine 8T311

Water, diesel fuel, gasoline, oil and kerosene became important cargoes for many tankers and tankers based on ZIL-157, which were produced literally throughout the Soviet Union. And the most exotic filler of tanks was air in the model VZ-20-350, intended for refueling airborne pneumatic systems of aircraft.


Radio station R-140

"Zakhar" appeared in the army during the era of the country's rocketry, so he took on a lot of functions to ensure such sophisticated weapons. Starting from refueling tankers with a rocket oxidizer of type 8G17M and ending with equipment 8N215 and 8N216 for transportation and testing of cable equipment. Many bodies were simply removed from the obsolete ZIS-151 and mounted on the brand new ZIL-157 chassis. Also, the chassis was used for transporting and reloading missiles of both anti-aircraft defense and operational-tactical purposes, in particular, the 9K72 Elbrus. Naturally, heavy and bulky missiles were mounted on ZIL-157V and KV truck tractors.

The most formidable ZIL-157 modifications were BM-13NM multiple launch rocket systems (upgraded Katyusha) with 132 mm caliber, BM-14M 140,3 mm caliber and BM-24 240,9 mm caliber.





BM-13NM

In addition to all of the above, the ZIL-157 platform was used in the interests of the chemical defense forces, also as a base for various tow trucks and bridge parks. And perhaps the most rare version of the Zakhar’s design was the PRS-V mobile recompression station, which served in the Soviet navy and pontoon parks. The body was a pressure chamber, equipment for refueling cylinders and means to restore the health of divers. The most powerful “Zaharas” were, undoubtedly, the aerial snowplows with power plants located on the loading platform, which simultaneously powered both the wheels and the massive auger. One of these was the D-470 or ShRS-A with a 130-horsepower U2D6-C2 engine.


ShRS-A snow blower (D-470)

In the end, we will touch on a couple of interesting experimental machines based on the "Kolun". The first of these is the ZIL-157R from 1957, in which all three driving axles were evenly distributed along the length of the machine. This allowed, according to the designers, to improve cross-country ability due to better weight distribution. The 157P had options with both arched tires and conventional ones with an increased diameter. In this case, the rear axle was steered and turned in antiphase front. This made it possible not to plow several ruts when turning / turning, but to confine oneself to one. The developments of the Zilovites on this machine formed the basis for further experiments on extremely comprehensive technique.




ZIL-157R

The second interesting instance dates back to 1982 and is a hybrid of cabs ZIL-130 and -131 cars with chassis "Zakhara". Here, engineers from Novouralsk tried to solve the problem of the cramped Zakhar cabin, which was uncomfortable by then, but the direction turned out to be a dead end; several ZIL-157KDM machines remained experimental.








ZIL-157KDM in various versions

The last 10-15 years of production ZIL-157 was already a frankly outdated machine, which the armed forces abandoned, and only the lack of clear competition forced civilian structures to buy a well-deserved "rogue". A total of 797.934 vehicles were assembled. This ZIL left an indelible mark on the automotive and military stories country.
Author:
Photos used:
gruzovikpress.ru, gvtm.ru, kargoteka.info
Articles from this series:
ZIL-157: “Kalashnikov assault rifle” among army trucks
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  1. dvina71 15 January 2020 18: 13 New
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    Zil-165 is the predecessor of the 131st .. the cabin is visible.
    Recently, 157 were made not for the HX, but for the reserve. They are not demanding on the quality of gasoline, and therefore in wartime can be very much in demand ..
    1. Evgeny Fedorov 15 January 2020 18: 26 New
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      Still, the ZIL-157 is a 1957 car, when they were just thinking about 131. So to say one of the search layouts of the future "Zahara". The chassis is completely from 157. The cabin was then transformed into a prototype of the 130th ZIL. In general, at that time ZIL experimented a lot and it is sometimes difficult to say which car was the direct predecessor of a particular model.
      1. dvina71 15 January 2020 18: 29 New
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        You confuse the couple .. Zakhar is 157 .. In the photo there is a seven-wheeled chassis with a new cabin, which will then become common for the 130th and 131st .. because its predecessor.
        1. AU Ivanov. 15 January 2020 18: 38 New
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          Zakhar is ZIS-5, but not ZIL-157.
          1. dvina71 15 January 2020 18: 46 New
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            Quote: AU Ivanov.
            Zakhar is ZIS-5, but not ZIL-157.

            Meet ..

            И


            All ZiLs were called zakharas, including the rear-wheel ZiS-150 ..
            1. trahterist 16 January 2020 16: 56 New
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              I confirm.
              In the Baltic states, they did not hear about any “cleavers”, “Mormons” and other indecencies.
              157th was called Only Zahar!
        2. Evgeny Fedorov 15 January 2020 18: 47 New
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          Yes, exactly, mixed up ZIL-165 - a car in 1957, when the 131 just thought. Yes sir! But here I do not agree.
          In the photo, the chassis of the seven with a new cabin, which then becomes common for the 130th and 131st .. because the predecessor.
          And the frame, and hodovka, and the motor at ZIL-165 are completely identical to the future ZIL-157. With 130 and 131, only a similar cabin is related. Therefore, ZIL-165 is the predecessor of ZIL-157.
          1. dvina71 15 January 2020 18: 50 New
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            Quote: Yevgeny Fedorov
            And the frame, and hodovka, and the motor at ZIL-165 are completely identical to the future ZIL-157

            Meet ..
            https://www.autowp.ru/zil/165_opytnyj/pictures/cpovzz/
            Zil-157 is a continuation of the ZiS151 theme, in which legs grow from Studebaker ..
            ZIL-165 is a parallel NEW development .. There is even an OVER-VALVE engine ..
            Apparently they tried to get away from the student platform ..
            In the end, they came to 131m ..
            165 predecessor of the 131st ..
            1. Evgeny Fedorov 15 January 2020 18: 56 New
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              Thanks for the comment. I will consider.
          2. Tima62 15 January 2020 19: 40 New
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            Quote: Yevgeny Fedorov
            And the frame, and hodovka, and the motor at ZIL-165 are completely identical to the future ZIL-157. With 130 and 131, only a similar cabin is related. Therefore, ZIL-165 is the predecessor of ZIL-157.

            Eugene, but since 1958, Zil 157 has already been mass-produced. And in parallel there was a search for ways to improve the car.
            Are you in the article dated 11.11.2019 ZIL-131: the workhorse of the Soviet Army
            claimed:
            When the legendary ZIL-157 appeared in the army, there were also claims to it in terms of light load capacity and weak traction capabilities - it was not suitable for the role of an artillery tractor. It was for the artillery units in the mid-50s that they began to develop the ZIS-128, which, by the way, had a lot in common with the previously mentioned “American” M34. In the original version, the car was called the ZIS-E128V, but with the first prototypes they stopped at the ZIS- 128. This car was not actually a continuation of the ZIS-151 line, it was distinguished by a new transfer case, gearbox, centralized tire inflation system and other details. The loading platform was lowered down to reduce the center of gravity and simplify unloading / loading of ammunition. History has not preserved for us a single instance of that experimental machine, but in the photographs the trucks are presented with at least three cabs, of which only one is all-metal. It is worth remembering that the experimental ZIS-128 appeared almost simultaneously with the first "classic" ZIL-157 machines. Such paradoxes of design work within one plant were explained by the requirements and the pickiness of the main customer in the person of the Ministry of Defense. There was another analogue of the future 131st car - ZIL-165, which was a hodgepodge of various units, in particular, the cabin was from the 130th. According to one version, it was the cramped cabin, as well as the weak in-line 6-cylinder engine, that caused the military to abandon this design in 1957. At that time, everyone was already aware that a new engine with a power of one and a half hundred horsepower was required for a new car.
            I will single out your words again

            There was another analogue of the future 131st car - ZIL-165, [/ b]
            And I believe that your November words about this car are more consistent with the truth than today.
            Sincerely (article clearly +).
      2. The leader of the Redskins 15 January 2020 19: 11 New
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        I always follow your publications with interest. Informative and detailed. Thanks.
    2. 75 Sergey 15 January 2020 23: 38 New
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      Yes, and can ride on firewood, after appropriate revision
  2. Sergey Averchenkov 15 January 2020 18: 14 New
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    I myself went on a mortar and I know what it is ... You’ll turn the steering wheel of the figs, but the rogue is still the same. I'm resting with Subaru.
  3. marshes 15 January 2020 18: 15 New
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    I remember in my childhood on such a one, tented with my father, we went to the airfield from the unit, and for pasties, radar, etc. When I spent the summer holidays at the airport, not at all.
    They called him Murmont.
    Sometimes when Kraz was not, from the Il-20 parking lot, they rolled out, it was hard for him.
    And so fond memories.
  4. old_pferd 15 January 2020 18: 26 New
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    80th year. We are driving in the Urals along the tundra. The driver, I saw him for the first time, seemed to me old. I noticed that his fingertips are flattened, he asked. He answered - 20 years he drove the North 151st and 157th.
  5. The Sparkle 15 January 2020 18: 34 New
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    At the time of my childhood, these ZILs worked for oil industry workers.
  6. Ravil_Asnafovich 15 January 2020 18: 41 New
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    R-140 saw, warmed up in my soul.
    1. knn54 15 January 2020 19: 04 New
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      In our ORPC, ALL the technical equipment / direction finders and HF radio stations R-140 were based on Mormon-Zil-157.
      There was also a r / station R-118 (in storage) .A "Zakhar-Zil-164.
    2. a.hamster55 15 January 2020 19: 10 New
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      Hello to everyone! Well, this is not the R-140, but only KUNG from it, probably. No AZI and other body kit. When turning left on narrow German streets, the driver opened the door and hung out of the cab, turning the steering wheel. In the right turn twisted together. At the exit from the primer to the wet plowed field, I did not feel anything, it seems that I would go through the forest like that. Speed ​​is true 70 from a hill.
      1. Svarog51 16 January 2020 09: 07 New
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        Anatoly hi If it’s no secret, where did they serve in the GSVG?
        P.S. Grossenhain 83-85gg. Fighter bomber. soldier
        1. a.hamster55 16 January 2020 10: 34 New
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          Hello Sergey! What are the secrets, all the deadlines have passed. He served in the same period at the airport near Zerbst. Zerbst Hell. This is the cast iron between Magdeburg and Dessau. And ZIL-157 was a Mormon, and not Zakhar.
          1. Svarog51 16 January 2020 13: 46 New
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            We also have division headquarters. We are in the south near Dresden. And our driver ZIL-157 called Mormon. We rode on it for a week in total, while the engines of our "Shishig" were overhauled. "Mormon" was the mistress of the garrison. Were still in storage in the parks, they were only dragged on alarm.
            1. Rusland 16 January 2020 14: 54 New
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              Hello Sergey hi For 86 years, a construction team, 4th year, descended from a forest hill on this Zakhar, they remembered all the gods then, they had full and empty drums with a cable in their bodies, okay, we tied them up, and we were next to “slobs” of students. I would add “abruptly”, but Vadim will not judge me in the right direction. smile
              1. Svarog51 16 January 2020 15: 13 New
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                R'RёS,R ° F "RёR№ hi Well, I got something else. “Butterfly”, which is mentioned below in comments, we got unknown in some ways and without lifts. The bosses really liked her and she was included in the task force. We went to all sorts of teachings and "window dressing." Here is its manual deployment, I will never forget, and how many “warm and affectionate” words were spoken at the same time - the deployed “Butterfly” would not be enough to accommodate them. It is a pity that the photos remained in the computer. recourse
      2. avia12005 16 January 2020 10: 07 New
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        Here she is our native P-140 ...
  7. Undecim 15 January 2020 19: 02 New
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    Almost simultaneously with the USSR, in 1958 ZIL-157 began to be produced in China under the name Jiefang CA30. In the photo is a 1958 car. But they discontinued the car in China earlier - in 1979.
  8. Free wind 15 January 2020 19: 26 New
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    The machine in the national economy is useless and harmful to anyone, like 131. They were simply shoved into the insolent, you won’t take the evil, we won’t give the GAS. Why I respond so, this applies primarily to Zilovsky designers. okay that a diesel engine to come up with this one needs to be a nobel lowriat, the task is of course insoluble, but the dump truck body could be attached ????? I would have burned this plant together with the designers back in the fifties, because they didn’t dump the Urals, even the damn side did not recline.
    1. nerovnayadoroga 15 January 2020 20: 23 New
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      On the civilian version of the Ural-377, the sides were tilted, and on the 157 the tippers themselves were made with a wooden body, so that the nuts would not be cut, it was fun, when I loaded with coal to give dowels, the nuts are on the road waiting, after 5 minutes we leave, they grab me, but the body is empty, there is no coal and coal, only the galvanized floor is clean, they swear among themselves, they say the numbers looked wrong, I say, yes they say, I saw someone in 157 driving along the neighboring street in the garage then was, Zil 157 cd, 1989.
    2. Potter 15 January 2020 20: 32 New
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      1. In the national economy, the car was necessary and useful, given the condition of the roads.
      2. A prototype and prototypes of KAMAZ with a diesel engine were created in the Design Bureau of ZIL.
      3. "lowriat" - what happened in Russian? Laureate, however.
      4. Pyromania is either a mental illness or criminality. In 1993, didn’t you burn a KAMAZ diesel plant?
      5. URAL was created in US by the designer Korotonoshko. KB ZIL to the Urals is not related at all.
      6. Dumping kazov in the Urals put, according to need. Why does an onboard off-road vehicle a tipper body? Shoveling on the transport of manure? Enough ZIL-MMZ-554 and 555 in the villages.
      1. The comment was deleted.
  9. bars1 15 January 2020 19: 34 New
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    It’s a pity that there is no ZIL now ...
  10. arhitroll 15 January 2020 19: 50 New
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    We are still operating. You put a diesel engine and with a neat driver there is no replacement for him in the forest with a shoulder of work up to 20 km. Of course, he has nothing to do on the track ... a hydrach from 131 is set ...
  11. Siberian 66 15 January 2020 19: 51 New
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    For fun. Kyakhta. 1987 year. Winter, night. -30 on the street. The battery on a trolley with a quiet mat is taken to Murmon. The blowtorch is already under the machine. A bucket of hot water, spillage of an empty radiator and cooling system. What an antifreeze guys, where from. Now the lamp is a little through the tubes and hoses. He twisted the starter, roared and wound up. Now the fuel and lubricants warehouse, manually on the boards of the barrel in the back for a diesel power station, but there are no documents, you won’t go on the road, the post is located at the exit of Kyakhta, so to the diesels, on hills, off-road, snow to the waist, boys feet in the back they hold barrels .... And figs, where he got stuck, all the climbs to the hills do not care, the slopes do not care, the fallen trees, he does not care! Oh youth, youth ..
    1. Alexga 15 January 2020 20: 35 New
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      Man, served as a storage base or 48OAK? This year we handed over equipment for the virgin lands in your area.
      1. Siberian 66 16 January 2020 12: 36 New
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        Kabanovsky regiment) right next to the "Kyakhta" stella on the right
        1. Alexga 16 January 2020 13: 32 New
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          Oh, PRTB! My respect for YOU. My officer, after the withdrawal of troops from Mongolia, served with Budanov, in the 169th regiment.
    2. avia12005 16 January 2020 10: 10 New
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      Forget it. Steppe. 1985 year. Winter. Frost minus 42. While you are warming the rear axle with a blowtorch, the heated front axles freeze.
      1. Alexga 16 January 2020 13: 37 New
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        In February 1984, we had a troop review at your airfield, we were based in Zugol. For two days in the morning the temperature was -52. For us, who came from BVI, this temperature was only seen on TV. Then faced with frozen vodka to jelly.
        1. avia12005 17 January 2020 15: 02 New
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          I also came from Belarus, from Bobrovich to the Steppe)))
          1. Alexga 17 January 2020 15: 06 New
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            Well in Bobrovichi airfield with a milder climate. Unfortunately, his fate turned out to be sad, as did Pruzhany, Zasimovich and many others.
            1. avia12005 17 January 2020 15: 07 New
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              Yes, they sold out the entire strip.
              1. Alexga 17 January 2020 15: 14 New
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                Well, at least the battalion was transferred to the north of Belarus.
  12. major147 15 January 2020 20: 01 New
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    In the last half year of military service, I had a chance to ride 157 while harvesting in 1979. ZIL - a hard worker!
  13. ccsr 15 January 2020 20: 12 New
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    Author:
    Evgeny Fedorov
    abandoned by the armed forces, and only the lack of clear competition forced civilian structures to buy a well-deserved "rogue".

    As for the refusal, it was a natural process of aging technical solutions, especially since the troops went not only Zilov’s equipment, but also in KAMAZ and the Urals.
    As for civilian structures, as far as I remember, these machines were readily bought up in the Western Group of Forces (GSVG) at the residual value when the troops began to withdraw, and the chassis of the decommissioned hardware were put up for sale so as not to pay for their transportation to the Union. So for those who knew automotive technology, such cars were a godsend - the mileage was not very large, but they were eligible for decommissioning.
  14. Doctor 15 January 2020 22: 06 New
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    Once in his life a passenger traveled on it for about 2 hours. All the same, he has a soul and charisma in him.
  15. Fitter65 16 January 2020 01: 44 New
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    sliding body KR-157 of variable volume to accommodate a command post or dining room. The body was developed in 1963, but in the serial embodiment a similar technique appeared many years later already on the ZIL-131.
    We called it a butterfly ...


  16. 2112vda 16 January 2020 07: 05 New
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    It was a good car. The engine is reliable, it could even work on gas condensate, it smoked, though the valves burned, but it worked. In case of crisis, it is the most adequate machine, and therefore it is in reserve. Steering truth is not a gift.
  17. avia12005 16 January 2020 10: 11 New
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    Radar landing system RSP-7T.
    1. a.hamster55 16 January 2020 10: 42 New
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      And rotted to a position with minimal mileage. And if they moved sometimes, then only to the alternate aerodrome and back. But I rode on the R-140 on the GDR and was quite pleased with the ZIL-157.
      1. avia12005 17 January 2020 15: 03 New
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        Yes, exactly. On the basis of Zil-157 were P-18 and many other radar equipment. And also P-820, P-830, P-118 are many other communication equipment. Zil-157 is a working ass of SA.
  18. AlexVas44 16 January 2020 10: 54 New
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    Only recently there was this topic, but nevertheless it is read with interest even to me, who served in the ZIL-157 from 1962 to 1990. (There were ZIS-151.)
    May the author forgive me, but the article also contains not quite clear and correct definitions.
    The second generation car received the name ZIL-157K, as well as a single-disk clutch, synchronizers for all forward gears (except the first one), a hand drum brake and shock absorbers on the front suspension.

    As for the received synchronizers, it can be simpler: I received a new gearbox from the future ZIL-130 (131) in general - there are synchronizers and other gear ratios. Shock absorbers on the front suspension were before, only lever (piston), but began to install telescopic.
    the most exotic cistern filler was air in the VZ-20-350 model, intended for refueling aircraft airborne pneumatic systems.

    Why exotic? The air tanker of an airplane is not exotic at all, but a very ordinary and necessary machine. By the way, VZ-20-350 on ZIL-157 was released so little that no photos were found.
    ... an experimental sliding body KR-157 .... The body was developed in 1963, but in the serial embodiment a similar technique appeared many years later already on the ZIL-131.

    Not at all experimental. Already in the 60s, these bodies were in the 157s as headquarters in the order of things.
  19. Vasily 17 January 2020 14: 41 New
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    And for me, Mormon, or Mormon, who as they called it reckless youth. A tight cabin, a steering wheel twisting arms from shoulders, an engine overheating in the heat, cruising speed on the highway and on the arable land was not very different.
    But patency like a tractor.
    And for some reason I didn’t have a platoon of the 157s without a winch. And onboard, and with KUNGs and saddlers - all with winches.
  20. PilotS37 19 January 2020 10: 14 New
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    Yes ... nostalgia ...
    Thanks to the author!
  21. is-22 27 January 2020 06: 10 New
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    In childhood, he was impressed by the abundance of gimbal. Despite the fact that he had previously seen how it works in 131, the Urals.
    A beautiful brutal car, like the Urals and the Kraz-Lapporteur.
  22. ZAV69 13 March 2020 12: 52 New
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    Recently I saw Zil 157 1967 release. The owner drives it regularly.