Abkhazia: Southern Bikford Cord


The assault on the building of the administration of the President of Abkhazia in Sukhum


Abkhazia, which recently gained independence in historical terms, is currently in a severe political crisis. Of course, against the background of the situation around Iran, Libya and Ukraine, a crisis in a country with a population of less than 250 thousand people may seem like an easy steam release, but it would be a big mistake to think so. In Abkhazia, the interests of Russia, the collective West, Georgia and Turkey converge. Being closely woven into the Caucasus, Abkhazia is quite capable of becoming a springboard for the expansion of any forces entrenched in Sukhum.

How to light a flame this time


At the moment, there are just over a dozen political parties and movements in the republic. The current president, Raul Khadjimba, is supported by the FNEA (Forum for the Unity of Abkhazia). For the first time, Khadjimba, whom some describe as a “moderate nationalist with a KGB hardening” (Raul was an employee of the KGB of Abkhazia from 1986 to 1992), became president in 2014. At the same time, he stormed the post several times in a row, and just protests in Sukhumi seized the throne with the seizure of the presidential administration and all the ensuing consequences.

Hopes for the rule of Khajimba, to put it mildly, did not materialize. For example, it was repeatedly noted that the rampant crime not only did not decrease, but also began to sweep tourists from the republic like a broom. And the hopes of becoming a tourist paradise, not only in summer but also in winter, have fallen to the bud. Only at the end of November last year, three people were shot dead in the Sukhumi restaurant “San Remo” - two men connected with criminality and a waitress accidentally caught by bullets. A presidential guard was detained on suspicion of murder.

Khadjimba’s view on Abkhaz citizenship also creates no less problems. With all the sweet speeches towards Moscow, which continues to invest significant amounts in Abkhazia, it is almost impossible for a Russian citizen to obtain Abkhaz citizenship. The authorities of the republic have placed so many discriminatory barriers that, even having learned the Abkhaz language, having lived in Abkhazia for at least 10 years, having paid all taxes and having bought property in Sukhum or Pitsunda, a Russian could very well fly with citizenship like plywood over Paris. At the same time, property will be bought at best for nothing.

The opposition forces of Abkhazia, among which the Congress of Russian Communities, often call this situation a kind of apartheid. At the same time, everyone indicates that this state of affairs blocks the influx of both money and well-motivated personnel from Russia: after all, one cannot expect a simple belief in the success of a business from their homegrown specialists who grew up in the atmosphere of the frozen 90s. .


Raul Khajimba's election banner

Against this bleak background, on September 8, 2019, the second round of the presidential election was held. Raul Khajimba gained 47,39%, and his rival, the leader of the Amtsakhara party Alkhas Kvitsiniya, received 46,17% of the vote. And since, according to the law of Abkhazia, only a candidate who received more than 50% of the vote can become the president of the country, the opposition did not recognize the elections and insisted on re-elections.

On September 11, Kvitsiniya appealed to the Supreme Court of the Republic, but was refused. After that, the leader of Amtsakhara filed a cassation appeal against the court decision. The wait dragged on. Finally, in early January 2020, mass demonstrations began. On January 9, deputies of the parliament (People’s Assembly) of Abkhazia proposed Khajimba to voluntarily resign. Already on January 10, a new composition of judges of the cassation board was formed, which recognized the elections as invalid. The rallies continued, because Raul, of course, did not want to resign. Only on January 12, the former security officer signed a letter of resignation.

Fear of the armed crowd


In addition to the difficult criminal situation in Abkhazia and the no less difficult legacy of the Georgian-Abkhaz war, which in the republic is called the domestic war of 1992-1993, the emergence of small arms in discontented crowds is pushed as historical experience and nature of the politics of Abkhazia.

The history of Abkhazia is difficult and sad. Despite the image of the southern paradise being created, almost all the time of its existence, the region was plunged into the abyss of military-political battles. In a small area, the population has always been somewhat divided by views on the future. For example, before entering the Russian Empire, the Principality of Abkhazia was torn apart by an undeclared civil war between two siblings - Sefer-Bey and Aslan-Bey, both were legitimate children of the ruling Abkhaz Prince Chachba. Sefer was guided by Russia, and Aslan by the Ottoman Port. The main thing is that both applicants in a certain period of time maintained relations with both the Turks and the Russians. And, despite the kinship, both brothers were ready to slaughter both each other and Abkhazia.

Application weapons There has never been a taboo in the political game in the Caucasus. Although deep in the old days you should not climb. And modernity promises to bring its share of pepper in the growing crisis. For example, the predecessor of Khajimba, Alexander Ankvab, did not just capitulate to the opposition in 2014. He actually fled from them and took refuge at the Russian base in Gudauta, fearing to be killed. But Alexander Ankvab is not a timid person, a former employee of the USSR Ministry of Internal Affairs, during the war was acting Minister of the Interior, was involved in the exchange of prisoners and went through the whole war.


Alkhas Kvitsiniya speaks at the event of the Amtsakhara party

Such a “heredity” is able to repeat itself at any moment. At the same time, given the balance of power, this state resembles a precarious mutual deterrence, since the use of weapons is a bonus of most parties. For example, Quicinia is not just a war veteran. His party, Amtsakhara, was founded without a political agenda in the form of the Union of War Veterans. And after three years, assessing its capabilities, the Union became a significant political force.

In addition, such comrades as Major General Aslan Bzhaniya (a former KGB officer) and Hero of the DPR Ahra Avidzba, who back in December 2019 accused the once acting president of special relations with thieves in law, are opposing Khadjimba. Thus, the use of force is a double-edged weapon.

Turkish interest


It’s no secret that the respectable costume of Recep Erdogan hides dreams of Osman’s sultan saber. His pan-Turkic views are also not a secret, and even go far beyond the foundations of this radical idea. In this regard, it is worth recalling that the Ottoman flag once fluttered over Sukhumi, and, of course, Erdogan knows this. He also knows that the last prince of the formally independent Principality of Abkhazia, Kelesh Akhmat Bey Chachba, was educated in the Port and was seated on the throne with the help of Ottoman troops.

The piquancy of the situation is that many presidents of already independent Abkhazia maintained extremely close relations with Ankara due to the presence of a large Abkhaz community in Turkey, which appeared there after the defeat of pro-Turkish political forces and as a result of various historical upheavals. Moreover, some prominent statesmen of Abkhazia were descendants of re-emigrants from Turkey, and Raul Khadjimba belongs to the assimilated Abkhaz family of Turkish origin.

Despite the lack of official diplomatic and trade relations between Abkhazia and Turkey, Turkish business climbed into the country quite tightly and even got "their" people in the field. Thus, Soner Gogua, President of the Apsny Foundation, entrepreneur and plenipotentiary of the Chamber of Commerce and Industry of Abkhazia in Turkey, openly declares that Turkey is the country's second economic partner, and foreign trade between the countries has already reached $ 200 million annually. Gogua also does not hide that "more investment comes from Turkey through our representatives of the diaspora than from Russia." By the way, Gogua himself is a repatriate born in Turkey.

Abkhazia: Southern Bikford Cord

Is the flag of Abkhazia and Turkey just a friendly gesture?

Of course, these relations are officially in the nature of relations between the homeland and the Abkhaz diaspora. But to consider that in authoritarian Turkey with Erdogan's sultan ambitions, whose interests have long spread to the Balkans, the Caucasus, Central Asia, the Middle East and North Africa, they simply forgot about Abkhazia, it is unusually naive. Moreover, Abkhazia is only a springboard for Turkey, because the Abkhaz people are kindred and historically connected with the Adyghe, Abazin and Kabardin residents living in Adygea, Kabardino-Balkaria and Karachay-Cherkessia. Already, there is a dense "cultural" interaction in the framework of various associations and projects.

Oh, I have these hopes ...

Unfortunately, there is a lasting impression that Russian officials who regularly pay visits to the republic do not notice all these nuances. They simply try to fill its problems with financing, but as if nobody was in a hurry to think about lobbying the interests of the state and its citizens. At the same time, financing of the republic in the end has a negative impact both on Abkhazia itself and on Russia, which puts money into the void.

And if Turkish finances flow precisely as investments with the prospect of their return, then Moscow pours money to the local authorities almost in the hope that those with their lucrative performances will spend them for the good of the republic and integration with Russia. Moreover, no one is engaged in the education of their own personnel for the management of Abkhazia. With such a policy, one should ask: how many years are left until the person who was educated in Istanbul sits in the chair of independent Abkhazia, whose peaceful sleep is protected by the 7th Krasnodar Red Banner Orders of Kutuzov and Red Star? Moreover, once the Georgian Adzharia is already economically occupied by Turkey.
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  1. Lexus 14 January 2020 15: 09 New
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    They simply try to fill its problems with financing, but as if nobody was in a hurry to think about lobbying the interests of the state and its citizens.

    The decision to appease with money does not work. Tested in Ukraine.
    It turns out that the Turks will remove the cream, and we will only have to write off the "bad" debts.
    1. Sling cutter 14 January 2020 16: 01 New
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      Lexus (Alex)
      And which is typical, in Abkhazia, gasoline of the 92nd brand costs 5-8 rubles cheaper than in Russia, cigarettes are the most expensive 70 rubles, the prices of Russian-made products are almost halved, and what is growing or produced in Abkhazia costs perfect pennies, for example, hazelnuts per kilo cost from 50 to 100 rubles. For el. Abkhazians do not pay at all !!!
    2. the most important 14 January 2020 23: 13 New
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      Quote: lexus
      The decision to appease money does not work.

      Well, this is a proud and independent state. True, there is no industry, no one really wants to work, and everyone wants only to share what Russia will give them. The Abkhaz region of Sochi is their real place. And the election of the head of the district responsible only for cleaning the streets. In this situation, the people of Abkhazia will really begin to live better.
  2. Romka 14 January 2020 15: 09 New
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    Here is the essence of human psychology: if the cold does not bother, the hunger does not sharpen, no one will take it away - there is no need to work and try. Man is degrading. The nation is degrading. Alas.
    1. Mavrikiy 14 January 2020 15: 39 New
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      Quote: Romka
      Here is the essence of human psychology: if the cold does not bother, the hunger does not sharpen, no one will take it away - there is no need to work and try. Man is degrading. The nation is degrading. Alas.

      Sorry, are you talking about now? Took a small scope with max. I looked at the map with an increase and did not understand. A nation is "enormous distances." A tip from WIKI:
      Abkhazians (Abkh. Aԥsuaa) - one of the Abkhaz-Adyghe peoples. The indigenous population of Abkhazia living in the northwestern part of the Caucasus.
      1. Romka 14 January 2020 15: 55 New
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        Slightly figured it out. My comment generally applies to everyone. But if you want: "one small, but very proud people ..."
        1. Mavrikiy 14 January 2020 16: 33 New
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          One small but proud people is not a nation, pride is good, but modesty must be, otherwise it will be spread to the rails. request
      2. Sling cutter 14 January 2020 15: 55 New
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        Mavrikiy
        In addition to the Abkhazians, many other nationalities live in Abkhazia.
        1. Mavrikiy 14 January 2020 16: 35 New
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          I’m here and let them live, but it’s not a nation. All proud, just think - no.
    2. Octopus 15 January 2020 08: 28 New
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      Quote: Romka
      Man is degrading

      In Abkhazia, he degraded, while in Adjara, for some reason, he degraded noticeably less. Apparently, the climate is not the same.
  3. New Year day 14 January 2020 15: 27 New
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    And if Turkish finances flow precisely as investments with the prospect of their return, then Moscow pours money to the local authorities almost in the hope that those with their lucrative performances will spend them for the good of the republic and integration with Russia.

    step on the rake, our fs-ee! The outgoing president was a Russophobe and a supporter of a mono-ethnic state; in combination, he milked Russia no worse than Yanukovych.
    The fact that Abkhazia is drifting towards Turkey has long been known, but it turned out to be news for many.
    1. Romka 14 January 2020 15: 34 New
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      Especially no options. Here "or pay, or NATO at the palace." Option number 3 - however the same is not an option.
      1. max702 14 January 2020 15: 57 New
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        Quote: Romka
        Especially no options. Here "or pay, or NATO at the palace." Option number 3 - however the same is not an option.

        Well, how is it not? It’s complete .. You can banally clean the republic by zero, having expelled 60 percent of the population to Georgia, and let the Georgians explain to them how the national issue is being resolved .. and with joy ... We got all these proud peoples .. They have a good place to live and you can change to more sane ..
        pc: A person biting the hand that feeds him usually licks the boot that kicks him.
        Eric Hoffer
    2. Mavrikiy 14 January 2020 15: 47 New
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      hi Smart ass,
      The outgoing president was a Russophobe
      how few roads have been traveled; how many mistakes have been made. He told you in your ear how long your ears are. "There was" a certain uncertainty. You about the departed ... spent money on a wreath? Money will not be returned, they may ask to pay extra, for confidentiality. Or he was Russophobe and suddenly .... love
    3. Nastia makarova 14 January 2020 15: 55 New
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      where are drifting ??? rave? where is Turkey and where is Abkhazia !!!!
      1. Kronos 14 January 2020 17: 24 New
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        What does the geographical location have to do with it? China is far from Africa, but everything is being bought there.
        1. Nastia makarova 15 January 2020 07: 52 New
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          Abkhazians do not sell anything to anyone, land, buildings. only smuggling from Turkey goes to Abkhazia
      2. cradle 15 January 2020 07: 56 New
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        no further than Kaliningrad from the Russian Federation ... if cho
        1. Nastia makarova 15 January 2020 10: 42 New
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          and where does Kaliningrad?
    4. Berber 14 January 2020 16: 01 New
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      And I agree with you, but I want to add. The policy of the President of Abkhazia is a manifestation of dense nationalism with dense narrowness. Nobody thinks about the interests of the people, only about their own. This is the problem of most national republics of the former USSR.
      Without Russia, the slide (at best) to feudalism. The Russian authorities have the resources to crush the top of Abkhazia. And it’s tough, imperial. This is the case when persuasion does not help. Why do not - I do not understand.
      1. Winnie76 14 January 2020 19: 43 New
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        Quote: BerBer
        And it’s tough, imperial. This is the case when persuasion does not help. Why do not - I do not understand.

        And fuck 250 thousand disaffected disloyal population. And then pour crazy money into the infrastructure and subsequently lose everything again. And there will be the Baltic States number 2
        1. Berber 15 January 2020 11: 20 New
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          Abkhazia, if you create good conditions for investors, will pay for itself. And these "princes" are just a hindrance. All that is needed is a law, and also to give hands when necessary. Yes, where would you find your manure.
  4. Alexga 14 January 2020 15: 32 New
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    Khadjimba’s view on Abkhaz citizenship also creates no less problems. With all the sweet speeches towards Moscow, which continues to invest significant amounts in Abkhazia, it is almost impossible for a Russian citizen to obtain Abkhaz citizenship. The authorities of the republic have set up so many discriminatory barriers that, even having learned the Abkhaz language, having lived in Abkhazia for at least 10 years, having paid all taxes and buying property in Sukhum or Pitsunda, a Russian could very well fly with citizenship like plywood over Paris. At the same time, property will be bought at best for nothing

    It is not regrettable, but this is the price that the Russian Federation pays for loyalty in the events of 2008. Of course it is sad.
    1. Nastia makarova 14 January 2020 15: 57 New
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      Abkhaz citizenship ??? what for? 93% of Abkhazians have Russian passports
      1. Alexga 14 January 2020 15: 59 New
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        It turns out that "according to passports we are Russian, but our land is not Russian" How so.
        1. Nastia makarova 14 January 2020 16: 10 New
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          all right, they are even being treated. give birth to go to Sochi
          1. Professor 14 January 2020 16: 35 New
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            Quote: Nastia Makarova
            all right, they are even being treated. give birth to go to Sochi

            ... and to George.
            1. Nastia makarova 15 January 2020 07: 50 New
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              no))) who said such stupidity, they have enmity
              1. Professor 15 January 2020 08: 03 New
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                Quote: Nastia Makarova
                no))) who said such stupidity, they have enmity

                Enmity is among those who want to keep power, and people go to Georgia for treatment. From South Ossetia too.
                1. Nastia makarova 15 January 2020 10: 43 New
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                  You haven’t been there, and almost every month I communicate there with the population !!! Now all the citizens of Abkhazia received honey polisya of the Russian Federation and therefore they only go to the Russian Federation for free treatment
                  1. Professor 15 January 2020 10: 53 New
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                    I communicate myself regularly. Especially often travel to Georgia from South Ossetia.
                    1. Nastia makarova 15 January 2020 11: 01 New
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                      I don’t know about Ossetia, but Abkhazians do not go to Georgia except those who have Georgian passports
  5. Paul Siebert 14 January 2020 16: 00 New
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    Nothing terrible happens.
    Russia and Abkhazia are separated by the Psou River.
    And Abkhazia and Turkey - the Black Sea.
    They drove one Russophobe, another will come - will share his fate.
    Russia is the guarantor of the independence of Abkhazia. Without an alliance with Russia, there will be no republic itself.
  6. knn54 14 January 2020 16: 01 New
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    I do not want to list the names, but the opposition leaders seem to be Georgians, or rather Mingrelians.
    The attitude towards the Russians is the same as that of the Georgians towards the Abkhazians.
    As for history, the Abkhaz were the first to adopt Christianity in the Caucasus. could not preserve faith, unlike Armenians, Georgians and Ossetians.
    Militarily, it is impossible to lose Abkhazia. As a buffer zone. It’s necessary to act like China for tearing up debts to the fullest. Otherwise, they will perceive it as weakness. By the way, NATO is also not enthusiastic about Turkish claims to Abkhazia.
    And the "toothlessness" of officials is due to two reasons: either stupidity, or some kind of selfish interests.
  7. parusnik 14 January 2020 16: 03 New
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    They simply try to fill its problems with financing, but as if nobody was in a hurry to think about lobbying the interests of the state and its citizens.
    ... Disco on a rake ... And then, spreading his ears, and how did it happen?
  8. Sergei 777 14 January 2020 16: 16 New
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    I do not understand why our soldiers died in Abkhazia. In South Ossetia, it’s clear that this is a potential part of Russia. What about Abkhazia? Sold to those who pay.
  9. Xenofont 14 January 2020 17: 42 New
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    The article is great! All the same "Ukrainian" policy of feeding the elites and the mutual enrichment of lobbyists and officials leads to the collapse of Russia's influence. True politicians are no longer left ... In everything, business interest is boundless.
    1. Romka 14 January 2020 17: 51 New
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      Here is the answer to why most Belarusians do not want unification, not because they have a negative attitude towards the Russians, just the opposite. There is practically no family who would not have at least distant relatives in Russia. Belarusians and Russians are mentally closest to each other, but in Belarus they perfectly understand who will best use the association. sad
  10. Fishery 14 January 2020 18: 06 New
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    what for these freeloaders are needed
  11. rruvim 14 January 2020 20: 41 New
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    Itself faced it. It is not possible for Russians (Russian citizens) to buy real estate in Abkhazia, only for a citizen of the Republic. Or through some sort of scheme with the inheritance from the Abkhaz. I visit Abkhazia many times, I constantly say: “Guys, you can’t give Russians the opportunity to invest in you, securing property rights. Even Spain does it. You can’t just live forever on subsidies from Russia ... After all, the more Russians they will buy property from you, all the better. At least something will work (from industry and service). Especially since the property is completely abandoned by Georgians, it grows with ivy and wild grapes ... "In response:" they shrug ... ". One truth admitted: "maybe we are afraid that the Georgians will return, and we have sold everything to you, or, we are afraid that you - the Russians will assimilate us, as the Georgians tried ..." Some nonsense, and that’s all.
    1. Doctor 14 January 2020 22: 41 New
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      After all, the more Russians buy property from you, the better for you. At least something will work (from industry and service).


      According to this logic, the more Chinese will buy real estate in Russia, the better for us Russians?
  12. The comment was deleted.
    1. Romka 15 January 2020 16: 36 New
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      In general, you are right: a suitcase without a handle.
    2. Aviator_ 15 January 2020 22: 03 New
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      In order to prevent the enemies from building a base there, it must be built by ourselves.
  13. Zaurbek 14 January 2020 22: 31 New
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    It is necessary to appoint a governor and subordinate the security forces of the Ministry of Internal Affairs.
  14. Sahalinets 14 January 2020 23: 59 New
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    Abkhazia is a suitcase without a handle. It’s almost zero sense, it absorbs money regularly, but where to go?
    Locals do not want to work in principle, the top plunders Russian aid, other people are trying to rob tourists, directly and indirectly. Without the Russian Federation, the existence of independent Abkhazia is impossible, but they will spoil us by all means. Such a situation ...
  15. Million 15 January 2020 08: 53 New
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    Everything that happens in Abkhazia is another failure of the Putin administration. Nobody wants to work!
  16. Grad-Xnumx 15 January 2020 10: 02 New
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    Let reunite with Georgia.
    1. Aviator_ 15 January 2020 22: 02 New
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      Georgians just slaughter them all
  17. Aviator_ 15 January 2020 22: 00 New
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    Good situation analysis. It seems that the same organic fertilizer is responsible for cooperation with this republic in Moscow as for cooperation with Ukraine. And the result may well be similar.