From the history of the creation of pistols Makarov and Stechkin


Today, our country boasts a large number of modern models of pistols, differing in caliber, operating principle and other tactical and technical parameters. However, those rifle models are still of particular interest. weaponsthat have served the security forces for decades. These are the legendary “veterans” - Makarov’s pistol and Stechkin’s automatic pistol.


The Makarov system pistol (aka PM, the legendary Makar, Makarov pistol) has been widely used for many years in the Armed Forces and law enforcement agencies of the Soviet Union and countries of Eastern Europe. Currently, PM is gradually replacing the modern Yarygin pistol. Nevertheless, many years of experience using the Makar in a variety of conditions showed that it still remains a formidable and well-aimed weapon in the hands of a professional.

The Stechkin or APS automatic pistol, along with the PM, is the “visiting card” of the Soviet arms industry. Despite the fact that it was adopted more than sixty years ago, this gun continues to be a favorite among special forces soldiers to this day.

How the PM and APS pistols appeared and why some myths about them are unfair, will tell military historian Andrei Ulanov, a guest of TacticMedia.

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  1. Strashila 13 January 2020 14: 24 New
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    Makarov and Stechkin, these are not only pistols, but also brands. which effective managers cannot use.
    The fact that for 30 years they really couldn’t offer anything speaks for itself.
  2. major147 13 January 2020 14: 32 New
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    I was wearing APS constantly. Once in the 90s he specifically bailed out with his own look!
  3. Mordvin 3 13 January 2020 14: 33 New
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    And Makar initially had a slightly different handle. Where better. IMHO. After that I hide ... sad
  4. Vovanya 13 January 2020 15: 10 New
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    They don’t win wars with pistols, they start them (shot in Sarajevo).
    1. Paul Siebert 13 January 2020 16: 09 New
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      Hitler shot himself from Walter PP, the prototype of the PM.
      So the pistols also put an end to the war!
  5. Sergey Averchenkov 13 January 2020 17: 22 New
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    "and well-aimed weapons." Maybe I’m a really bad shooter from the short barrel, but according to my feelings ... from a Makar from 10 meters you can get into the door.
    1. Ros 56 13 January 2020 17: 31 New
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      Who like, and who could put a couple of bullets in the keyhole. good soldier
      1. Sergey Averchenkov 13 January 2020 17: 40 New
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        Maybe so, I do not insist.
    2. Ingenegr 14 January 2020 01: 24 New
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      Not really bad, but disgusting. The standard of the 1st category in exercise PB-3 is 30 shots at target N4 at a range of 25 m - 280 points. Dimension "10" - 10 cm, "9" - 20 cm. Until recently, this exercise was shot exclusively from the PM, and the expense of first-rate students went to a lot of thousands. Thousands of people had and have the titles of CCM and MS (285 and 290 points respectively). At the Dynamo CS competitions (3 sighting shots + 10 credits), results for 90 or more points were always the norm.
      1. Sergey Averchenkov 14 January 2020 02: 26 New
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        Mass weapons should be designed for the average shooter. What do you tell me about the CCM? Although I may be much worse than the average ... but in fact with AK, SKS, any other gun, everything is fine with me. Apparently not fate.
        1. dgonni 14 January 2020 17: 27 New
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          My second was makar. The first Kalash. So there you go! From my full-time staff, I never even shot at good. From the partner’s trunk elementary. Although he shot well from both his and mine.
  6. beeper 14 January 2020 01: 35 New
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    Andrei Ulanov correctly described his story- "a short excursion into the history of Makarov and Stechkin pistols", it is, small, and from the point of view of the IPSC shooter, not the engineering one! request
    I watched this video a long time ago, at the time of its release on Youtube, Andrei also has his own account on YouTube- “Maybe we fuck it?” - there, in his recent videos, there’s a conversation specifically about Makarov’s pistol. yes
    In principle, as a shooter, and not a constructor, he did not mention the structural zest of the PM (he said even less about Stechkin), as well as, in general, he didn’t even reveal the history of the creation of these famous Soviet pistols, so it wasn’t serious ... it was possible to tell a lot of interesting things to my listeners (at least how much it was difficult for NF Makarov, then his young ward in design bureau-gunsmith I.Ya. Stechkin, to cope with " round-eyed “somersaulting 9x18 mm pistol cartridge when working out reliable feeding into the chamber chamber, respectively, from a single-row and two-row magazine, as I had to search and find, completely unobvious, ways to solve this difficult and“ picky ”technical problem — new generations are now learning from these examples Russian weapons designers! yes
    on the mechanism of self-cocking of the trigger PM and APS, it was necessary to draw the attention of listeners, both with their own "zest"! e.g. representatives sect of witnesses of Makarov’s copy of Walter’s copy, just like the sect of witnesses of Kalashnikov’s copy of Sturmgever’s (as for me, the most important thing in breech-loading firearms is the barrel bore locking system, which participated in the development of Hitler’s stormtrooper Schmeisser licked from our Tokarevsky rifle "SVT", and the similar appearance of the AK, which went into a series of layout options, and the general concept of a "hung heavy shutter frame with a light shutter" are an investigation, like the 30-round box magazine used on AK, from the Sudaev machine gun AC-44 and design testament untimely deceased military engineer Aleksey Ivanovich Sudaev!) " ) are mostly repelled by a “similar” appearance (although, in my opinion, outwardly our Makarov looks more like a German Sauer, only with a Waltherian trigger-lock-shutter, and not with a separate Sauer-lock slider-lock? winked ), but they miss some fundamental differences in the internal structure — the Makarov samovzvod, and the USM as a whole, completely different from the Walter one in design — this is an independent development of Nikolai Fedorovich, the same with the design of the USM APS Igor Yakovlevich, which allowed to reduce, although not enough, too high a rate of automatic shooting!), if at least a little preparation for the shooting of video, but alas. request
    1. beeper 14 January 2020 02: 03 New
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      By the way, Bolotin’s book “Soviet Small Arms” (a lifetime edition and a reprint in Soviet times!) Is also stated (partly by hints, after which I had “long-playing” questions that I was looking for, and even tried to think up for myself in our Soviet "military secrets", reliable answers! winked ) the history of the creation of the PM and APS (although, in the illustration for the pistol section, the prototype of the Stechkin pistol with the location of the return spring under the barrel, with a very recognizable design, common with the serial model of the APS, was for some reason Bolotin designated as Voevodin’s gun, but this is only the author’s , Bolotin’s, costs that seem to be tiny “flowers” ​​in comparison with the absolutely utter “buttocks” of the posthumous, “improved and supplemented”, commercial “reprint” of this famous Soviet book request ).
      I personally liked the story of Makarov’s pistol, which was narrated in one of the old-time (late “saints” 90s-early “zero” years) episodes of the “Shock Force” series of NTV!
      It was there that I heard the phrase (whoever looks at that issue will definitely understand what the design “chip” was, which determined the well-deserved triumph of Nikolai Fedorovich Makarov and the competitive winner-author prototype “concept” of the future PM-the result of tremendous common labor and tireless creative search for thousands of Soviet gunsmiths -constructors, technologists, industrial managers and simple workers, testers and military representatives, .... many, many indifferent creators of the defense industry of the USSR, who fruitfully worked on the "raw" initial model of weapons (which embodied, as yet, in the "uncut form" ", a brilliant nugget-design and the main technical solutions of its Author!), stubbornly and persistently bringing it to the state of a sparkling brilliant-combat, super-reliable, mastered in mass production, literally won the fading respect of its users The Makarov Pistol, as we now know it!), Which finally answered the question that interested me all the Soviet and post-Soviet years that passed after reading Bolotin’s book and a thematic article in the Soviet Military Knowledge magazine. smile
      1. beeper 14 January 2020 02: 46 New
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        The reliable Makarovskaya latch of the store never limited me — the store got out in one motion (you cling with your index finger to the front protrusion of the store’s cover and pull it out of the handle, and with a big click on the latch and voila, it hardly takes a second if you work it out " to automatism "and" to speed ", of course, when the pistol grip with one hand and the other is free!), since before the PM I already had well-developed skills with similar latches in the lower part of the handle (I had very little to do with TT, and not from the very beginning, therefore there was no habit to the “button”).
        I didn’t shoot from Stechkin, but I brought it from Makarov!
        I consider the PM to be the best Soviet pistol due to the structurally motionless (“tightly” fixed in the pistol frame) barrel, air-conditioned cartridges of one batch of release, “Makarov” is guaranteed to go where you aim, there is no chance of accidental bullet deflection due to some disturbances during barrel rollback (which exists in systems with short barrel travel).

        It was necessary, during the Union, to shoot from the army and from the police (they were usually less worn out, so the descent was more tight and, according to the sensations, "rough", not as "designed" as those who had seen types of army samples smile ) “Makarovs” - never failed, not a single misfire, not a single delay (The designer provides for large “openings”, gaps in the guides, and constructive “sinuses” are arranged for dirt (and powder deposit) that inevitably gets inside so that it does not interfere with functioning mechanisms and supply of cartridges!)! good

        In my engineer’s design view, with the conceptual rejection of the requirement to provide automatic firing in bursts, the Stechkin pistol, during its creation, could be significantly simplified and facilitated, even with the same barrel length and magazine capacity!
        It could turn out to be really balanced (in terms of weight and dimensions, simplicity of the device and technological effectiveness — cheapness in large-scale and mass production (rather than costly “individually selective” manual assembly and fitting of each APS pistol by a highly qualified fitter, specific one worker, from the start of assembly to surrender of the finished "Stechkin" OTK-literally exclusive pistols, precious at a cost, were obtained!) by production, ease of use and firepower) by an army pistol suitable for lightly arming crews of combat and support vehicles (all types), machine gunners, grenade launchers, snipers, sappers, aircraft manufacturers and art correctors ....
        But, apparently, the captured Mauser automatic pistol and its automatic Spanish clone Astra were too weighed down by Artcom and high-ranking customers (or rushed about inexplicably) - even the unreasonably overcomplicated weak Frommer self-loading Hungarian pistols were tested at home as possible prototype??!)??! winked
        1. Mordvin 3 14 January 2020 17: 41 New
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          And Comrade Makarov also came up with a canning machine.
          1. beeper 14 January 2020 19: 17 New
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            Quote: mordvin xnumx
            And Comrade Makarov also came up with a canning machine.

            hi And also, in partnership with comrade N.M. Afanasyev, our famous AM-23 air gun!
            And he attached his Talent to the creation of the ATGM "Fagot" and ATGM "Competition"! yes
            During the war, Nikolai Fedorovich ensured the release of PCA at the plant in Vyatskiye Polyany, first as a shift foreman, and then as a leading designer!
      2. John22 16 January 2020 21: 39 New
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        The same goes for AK. And then only MTK is praised. Workers and technologists brought to mind their plan.
        1. beeper 17 January 2020 02: 22 New
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          hi Mikhail Timofeevich did not completely deny in his oral and written memoirs, but warmly recalled (even surnamely) the help of his colleagues at the NIIPSMVO, gunsmiths-Kovrovites and Izhevsk people in finalizing the design and putting the AK machine into production!
          Indeed, even to bring “to mind” the seemingly simplest shutter striker, not only Kalashnikov himself, but many, many gunsmiths and testers, had to pretty much smash his head, analyzing, and do a huge amount of experimentation-testing of design options and manufacturing technology ....
          It was the same with the Makarov pistol when putting it into production and trial operation of the first batches! Even externally, for example, the initial configuration of the pistol frame, there were changes.
          Not to mention, I list offhand about the abolished automatic sending function (which turned out to be a prerequisite for random shots! I hope that these “lessons of the first PM” were taken into account in Kozlov’s new pistol “Boa” ?! winked ) the cartridge into the chamber when changing the empty magazine and the shutter, standing on the shutter lag, on the implementation of the function "release the trigger" (for the same purpose of protecting against accidental shots), the door was removed (in the frame on the right) to remove the trigger, an additional slider was added fastening the mainspring to the frame of the gun (which made it possible to more rationally distribute workloads in the area of ​​the weakened one, with a screw hole, its cross sections), the design was changed and the manufacturing technology of a two-feather flat mainspring was developed, ....
          To refine the manufacturability of the design of absolutely all the details and manufacturing technology that provides the specified strength and durability, optimal cost / effectiveness in large-scale and mass production of PM, in general, the Huge and Mega-Cost Work was carried out, possible only with a socialist planned organization of labor!
          Yes, a lot of things, a priori unattainable by one person, even very talented, were done by thousands of modest and inconspicuous workers of the “defense industry”, so that the original PM winner of the post-war competition turned into that high-quality, super-reliable and excellent Soviet “Makarov Pistol”, which we knew in the end of the 70s and the beginning of the 80s, at the top of the power of our Soviet Motherland, before the beginning of the "perestroika" perturbations, including the introduction of the Gorbachev "state acceptance" instead of thoughtful, competent and demanding military representatives!
  7. Undecim 14 January 2020 22: 24 New
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    Today, our country boasts a large number of modern models of pistols
    Can it boast of a large number of models, besides modern ones?
    And in service with the PM 1951. Paradox.
  8. tolancop 10 March 2020 16: 00 New
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    Quote: pishchak
    ... Yes, a lot of things, a priori unattainable by one person, even very talented, were done by thousands of modest and inconspicuous workers of the “defense industry”, so that the initial PM winner of the post-war competition turned into that high-quality, super-reliable and excellent Soviet “Makarov Pistol”, which we knew at the end of the 70s and the beginning of the 80s, at the top of the power of our Soviet Motherland, before the start of the "perestroika" perturbations, including the introduction of the Gorbachev "state acceptance" instead of thoughtful, competent and demanding military representatives! ...

    1. There are a lot of materials regarding the quality of PM. They wrote people who actually used the gun. To summarize, the highest quality pistols were made until the mid 70's ...
    2. As far as I know, the introduction of state acceptance did not lead to the abolition of the institution of military representatives. In any case, I had to hand over products to military representatives just in the heyday of state acceptance.
    3. Regarding the combat qualities of the PM, there are polar opinions: from full satisfaction to complete rejection. I believe that there is no contradiction in this: PM, like any tool, is optimal for a certain job. .... In addition, PM was used successfully and for other purposes .... to open a bottle of beer, for example. OBKhSS employees used the PM to check the weights in stores instead of the reference weights - since the weight of the PM was known to a gram and was always at hand. Maybe they used it somehow ...