Military Review

Reflections on the state of emergency at the Ukhta refinery

51

How ordinary we respond to emergencies (PE) that happen somewhere far away from us. Well, yes, the Komi oil refinery caught fire. Ukhta refinery. Yes, one person was hurt. But they put out the same. Oil refineries are generally hazardous production and everyone knows this. From a simple layman to any employee of this enterprise.


Amazingly, the reaction of the majority is just that. This is far, and therefore not very interesting. Now, if this happened nearby, or the number of victims in the thousands, or at least hundreds, then yes. One would have to talk a lot about this with pathos. It would be necessary to blow all the pipes and sprinkle ashes on the head.

I witnessed about the same incident exactly one year ago. Then there was a fire in a tank capacity taken out for repair at the Omsk Refinery, owned by Gazpromneft. Then the fire covered only 110 square meters and eight employees who were in the fire zone independently evacuated. But I saw the reaction of people living in the immediate vicinity of the plant.

And I saw the attitude of these people to the employees of the Ministry of Emergency Situations, who, with a risk to their lives, eliminated this fire. It was not fear, It was an understanding of danger and an understanding of the heroic actions of firefighters. Perhaps this understanding came when a fireman died during the elimination of one of these man-made fires.

On January 9, a fire broke out at an oil refinery owned by OOO Lukoil-Ukhtaneftepererabotka. At 16:45 pm, an explosion was heard at the plant. At 16:55 pm, a message about the explosion was received by a unit of the Ukhta fire and rescue garrison. The next explosion took place before the arrival of the firefighters at the scene. In 15-20 minutes. 78 firefighters and 18 pieces of equipment arrived at the scene. A fire train was also sent to the refinery.

Initially, the fire, according to experts, started at a diesel fuel processing plant. But then, there was a depressurization of four tanks with fuel at once. What caused the flame to burst. The fire spread to an area of ​​1000 square meters.

As a result of competent and heroic actions of firefighters, open fire was eliminated by a foamy attack. Now firefighters are engaged in spilling and bunding the territory of the refinery. The press service of the regional Ministry of Emergencies reported:

"At present, firefighters conduct deboning and" pouring "of the territory. A laboratory is working on the site to measure the maximum permissible concentration of harmful substances in the air, no excesses have been detected. Repeated measurements will be carried out in the morning."

Probably, it is impossible to completely eliminate the danger of accidents in such industries. But why do such accidents happen on the eve of or immediately after some holidays? The accident with which I began the material occurred on December 4, 2019, this January 9 this year. Maybe this is a flaw in the management of enterprises?

And further. Why do we always create situations in which someone is forced to show heroism, to risk their own lives? Do we continue to be a land of slobs and heroes? Maybe it's time to change ...
Author:
Photos used:
VKontakte / Ukhta
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  1. rocket757
    rocket757 10 January 2020 09: 11
    +8
    Probably, it is impossible to completely eliminate the danger of accidents at such industries.

    No matter how much we like safety checks and other topics on CORRECT, SAFE, work, equipment operation, compliance with production technology in enterprises with dangerous production factors, all this is written not in vain! Compliance requirements, strict, strict, all this is also not in vain!
    1. neri73-r
      neri73-r 10 January 2020 10: 20
      +4
      Quote: rocket757
      Probably, it is impossible to completely eliminate the danger of accidents at such industries.

      No matter how much we like safety checks and other topics on CORRECT, SAFE, work, equipment operation, compliance with production technology in enterprises with dangerous production factors, all this is written not in vain! Compliance requirements, strict, strict, all this is also not in vain!

      This is ALL written in blood.
      1. rocket757
        rocket757 10 January 2020 10: 33
        +1
        Quote: neri73-r
        This is ALL written in blood.

        This is understandable! Just why do we often have everything burns \ sinks \ falls when carrying out repairs and other works, first of all ??? Is there, TRAINED PERSONNEL, verified, certified, RESPONSIBLE at all?
        1. neri73-r
          neri73-r 10 January 2020 11: 21
          +2
          Quote: rocket757
          This is understandable! Just why do we often have everything burns \ sinks \ falls when carrying out repairs and other works, first of all ??? Is there, TRAINED PERSONNEL, verified, certified, RESPONSIBLE at all?

          Lack of management control and complete lack of self-control, carelessness and "at random." Plus the lack of education.
          1. rocket757
            rocket757 10 January 2020 12: 24
            0
            Quote: neri73-r
            Lack of management control and complete lack of self-control, carelessness and "at random." Plus the lack of education.

            It’s hard to imagine ... everything is left with us as it was, I can’t do the dangerous production at all, so control from all sides! Of course everything happens, but no more than when then.
        2. polar fox
          polar fox 10 January 2020 12: 09
          -2
          Quote: rocket757
          Is there, TRAINED PERSONNEL, verified, certified, RESPONSIBLE at all?

          it is so ... by the efforts of the ruling, everything is under the tail. A case is the whole result. And again, and who carries out these certifications? What do they know or know?
          1. rocket757
            rocket757 10 January 2020 12: 30
            +2
            Control has not disappeared, where it is needed and they want to keep it. The system of training and certification has also changed little.
            It turns out that where they want to do everything as it should be, it comes out. And where initially nothing was ever observed, there only "from under the stick" order can be brought into order.
            In general, everything is as before.
        3. d ^ Amir
          d ^ Amir 10 January 2020 12: 31
          +1
          wait a little more ... we will see the last specialists of the Soviet "spill" and then we will be surprised by the fireworks
          1. rocket757
            rocket757 10 January 2020 13: 13
            0
            Where the SYSTEM is geared towards fulfilling the established rules, replacing a pair of control specialists will not fundamentally change anything, the system will tweak them HOW TO!
            Where the mess was originally, the same pair of specialists will not be able to change anything ... break off for sure.
        4. Nyrobsky
          Nyrobsky 10 January 2020 14: 28
          +2
          Quote: rocket757
          This is understandable! Just why do we often have everything burns \ sinks \ falls when carrying out repairs and other works, first of all ???

          The human factor is like that. Violation of t / security + "this way" = "Emergency".
          Quote: rocket757
          Is there, TRAINED PERSONNEL, verified, certified, RESPONSIBLE at all?
          There is. Now they will quickly find or appoint the one who allowed these things, and they will turn out to be poorly trained, not certified and irresponsible Uncle Petya, and those who are really to blame will most likely jump off.
    2. _Sergei_
      _Sergei_ 10 January 2020 10: 32
      +2
      Still, money would be allocated to fulfill the requirements for TB, otherwise only checks and sometimes with the prosecutor’s office. Until the authorities themselves are taken and there will be no movement. And so on the bottom will find the extreme.
      1. rocket757
        rocket757 10 January 2020 10: 42
        +5
        Quote: _Sergey_
        And so on the bottom will find the extreme.

        Find it right .... switchman, this is probably an ETERNAL TOPIC! Only now everything is a lot more impudent, cynical ... do not want to work at your own peril and risk, free, at least! they will find another fool for that job.
        1. Snail N9
          Snail N9 10 January 2020 12: 00
          +7
          Hmm, why does it burn and sink? Yes, because of the banal greed of the "owners", for whom everything is not enough and who want to pump loot continuously, in an ever-increasing quantity (they cannot get drunk in any way) and for this they put pressure on the direct production managers, forcing them to intensify the production process in every possible way, and with a decrease any costs, for example, forcing to carry out "repair" and "routine" work (without which production is simply impossible) without interrupting the work process or reducing the volume of production and production, that is, without stopping or turning off the main equipment, trying to do something " - parts ", through" subcontracting "and outsourcing, etc.
          1. rocket757
            rocket757 10 January 2020 12: 58
            +3
            Quote: Snail N9
            Yes, because of the banal greed of the "owners" for whom everything is not enough

            It's right. Such, if the controlling structures are not pushed into tight frames, they can be extremely badly damaged and destroyed.
            It’s bad that the controllers become the same greedy traders ... not all, but many!
            Somehow, our "advanced youth" tried to prove to me that we no longer need state control !!! Like the business itself will do everything right and insurance companies will be on the safeguard, agents who will be able to follow everything!?!?!? We could not convince each other ... now life will judge who was wrong and how.
          2. _Sergei_
            _Sergei_ 10 January 2020 13: 06
            +2
            And where are the owners? And at state-owned enterprises it is even worse than at a private owner. For example, Russian Railways is a state corporation. In my last job before retirement, there were three occupational safety engineers. And now alone. Asked a question so that at least one assistant was given. They said "you can't cope, go away." When to check labor safety, if he does not have time to write reports and draw up documentation.
            1. Snail N9
              Snail N9 10 January 2020 13: 32
              +5
              When (back in the distant Soviet times) I was studying at the institute, at the department of "Economics and Law" my uncle, the teacher explained to us that there are two types of "goals" - the "criterion of" business-entrepreneurship "-" profit "(economic efficiency) and" economic expediency ". He explained what their differences are: if we are guided by a purely capitalist model - “profit” as a criterion of efficiency, then business owners, no matter who is a “private trader” or “state”, will always strive to reduce any costs when squeezing out maximum output, to increase profits. If we are guided by "economic expediency", then for this it is necessary to clearly understand the goals of the entire state, because with this approach, business is built taking into account the achievement of the final goal of the state, that is, in this case, you can sacrifice profit in some areas and compensate for its shortage something else. But in this case, you need a firm control of society over the state, and the state over business, in order to take into account and control all parties in order to achieve a specific goal. Apparently, Russia has adopted the first model of doing "business" - "entrepreneurship", all for the sake of "profit", and in the most perverted form, when the state itself is seen by those who have made their way into power, as a kind of "company" for "effective government business "for the sake of maximizing profits, in the shortest possible time while minimizing all social and other costs.
            2. Lamp post
              Lamp post 10 January 2020 16: 17
              +1
              Capitalism in OBO behaves the same as in any other area. The trend is "increasing labor productivity" due to "optimization", or, more simply, a reduction in the number of specialists and employees. So it turns out that at the present time, if a specialist has no one to "delegate" (dump) his powers, then he plows for two, three. The human factor has not been canceled.
  2. The leader of the Redskins
    The leader of the Redskins 10 January 2020 09: 25
    +1
    And what "improvements" does the author suggest to make? Cancel Holidays? Stop the distillation process on New Year's holidays?
    1. Loess
      Loess 10 January 2020 09: 37
      +1
      Quote: Leader of the Redskins
      And what "improvements" does the author suggest to make?

      Quote:
      And from here the third point. "What the author offers."
      Yes, no author offers you anything. It is not his duty.
      1. Lamp post
        Lamp post 10 January 2020 16: 19
        0
        So, put g * s stupa.
    2. knn54
      knn54 10 January 2020 10: 18
      +3
      I will say one thing: if, for example, the requirements for production, the CONTROL for the production of fuel tanks for fuels and lubricants were the same as the fuel tanks for aircraft, the number of accidents was less. Often they buy used products stored in the open air without any input control.
      There is no responsibility of the same auditors-inspectors.
      I remember that in the days of the USSR, a major from military acceptance (a very competent specialist) said that our misfortune is that the quality of products for the citizen and the army is STRONGLY different, unlike the West. The truth was that there were no Chinese products at that time.
  3. Rusfaner
    Rusfaner 10 January 2020 09: 31
    +4
    Quote: rocket757
    Probably, it is impossible to completely eliminate the danger of accidents at such industries.

    No matter how much we like safety checks and other topics on CORRECT, SAFE, work, equipment operation, compliance with production technology in enterprises with dangerous production factors, all this is written not in vain! Compliance requirements, strict, strict, all this is also not in vain!

    All these documents are written in the blood of slobs and heroes.
    1. Andrey NM
      Andrey NM 10 January 2020 10: 31
      +5
      Working in this area, I noticed the following. VINKs require contractors to comply with standards from and to. But at the same time, these standards themselves are fulfilled through the sleeves, more aimed at ostentatiousness, i.e. all should be in uniform robes and helmets. I still asked them as a joke, but where are the stripes with combat numbers? And why don't we build? A million magazines to fill, it is necessary, it is not necessary ... But the fact that there are tanks and fittings breathing incense is the tenth question. On their own, the regulation is not carried out, all by subcontracting organizations ...
    2. rocket757
      rocket757 10 January 2020 10: 37
      0
      Quote: Rusfaner
      All these documents are written in the blood of slobs and heroes.

      I really want those RESPONSIBLE for compliance, prevention, controlling, responsible, at least, with their FREEDOM and in full! What could not be bought off!
      1. _Sergei_
        _Sergei_ 10 January 2020 13: 14
        +2
        Very often, after checking by energy supervision or firefighters, the prosecutor’s office comes and checks the implementation. So now you can’t buy it. We had old fuels and lubricants and firefighters gave an order for the analysis of containers from diz. fuel. Must be performed by a licensed organization. While our chief engineer was fined, no one moved. As soon as the president of Russian Railways was fined, they immediately found the money and the organization.
  4. Loess
    Loess 10 January 2020 09: 35
    +6
    How we routinely respond to emergencies (PE)
    But do you need to go out to rallies after each state of emergency?
    The system is functioning, an emergency has happened - the mechanism of its localization and elimination is launched. Everything goes on as usual.
    Why do we always create such situations
    What do we mean? If an emergency occurs due to non-compliance / violation of TB measures, then this is the responsibility of specific, unconscious individuals. You cannot attach a controller to each.
    But why do such accidents happen on the eve or right after some holidays? The accident with which I started the material occurred on December 4, 2019
    December 4 is the eve of which holiday?
    1. Ross xnumx
      Ross xnumx 10 January 2020 10: 21
      +4
      Quote: Less
      December 4 is the eve of which holiday?

      Day of the Stalinist Constitution and a festive day in Soviet times ...
      The USSR Constitution of 1936 (unofficial names: “Stalin’s Constitution”, less often “Constitution of Victorious Socialism”) is the basic law of the USSR, adopted by the VIII All-Union Extraordinary Congress of Soviets on December 5, 1936 and in force (with amendments and additions) until 1977.

      belay
      1. Loess
        Loess 10 January 2020 10: 24
        +1
        Quote: ROSS 42
        Day of the Stalinist Constitution and a festive day in Soviet times ...

        Mdya ... Of course, not the day of the capture of the Bastille, but also a serious reason ... laughing
    2. _Sergei_
      _Sergei_ 10 January 2020 10: 34
      +1
      If you look at the calendar, you will definitely find some holiday. Or as in the joke "to heat the bath".
    3. Mordvin 3
      Mordvin 3 10 January 2020 10: 57
      0
      Quote: Less
      December 4 is the eve of which holiday?

      The day of writing letters to Grandfather Frost. ABOUT! belay
      1. Snail N9
        Snail N9 10 January 2020 12: 37
        +4
        The day of writing letters to Grandfather Frost.

        "Santa Claus" now, at all, "not the same":
  5. Qwertyarion
    Qwertyarion 10 January 2020 09: 46
    +4
    .
    And further. Why do we always create situations in which someone is forced to show heroism, risk his own life?

    Author, we generally live in a dangerous world.
    What will be your suggestions on this issue?
  6. Zaurbek
    Zaurbek 10 January 2020 09: 50
    -1
    Do we have a website and forum for firefighters, the Ministry of Emergencies and safety engineers?
  7. VicktorVR
    VicktorVR 10 January 2020 09: 53
    +3
    Yes, because the mess is everywhere. Where there is a possibility of breaking through the results of the mess in the media, we see them, in other places it seems that there is no mess. But he is.

    And a mess due to the lack of responsibility, proportional to the possible consequences, for the persons who really influence the situation. Everywhere, in all areas. The guilty / "guilty" is found every time and "punished" / punished. Only for some reason it turns out to be a "switchman" every time, and not a "station master".
    1. Ross xnumx
      Ross xnumx 10 January 2020 10: 42
      +6
      Quote: VicktorVR
      Yes, because the mess is everywhere. Where there is a possibility of breaking through the results of the mess in the media, we see them, in other places it seems that there is no mess. But he is.

      That's it - a mess. Here they ask:
      Quote: Leader of the Redskins
      And what "improvements" does the author suggest to make? Cancel Holidays? Stop the distillation process on New Year's holidays?

      No answer ... Do you know why? Because tests of TB and PPB do not give absolutely any results. We have everything legalized so that any check should be a pre-planned event. Therefore, in Vladivostok, people were burned and crashed, jumping from a height because firefighters could not quickly approach the building, and emergency exits were locked and littered with trash.
      Therefore, a furniture center burned down in Kemerovo because the building was built (bungled) with fire and electrical safety violations ...
      Therefore, people in the "Lame Horse" suffocated that the building functioned in violation of the PPB ...
      Therefore, in Kemerovo in the "Winter Cherry" people died, that the staff put the device on the PPB ...
      Therefore, PD-50 sank ... Therefore, the "Admiral Kuznetsov" caught fire ... Therefore, we use linen and clothes with toxic (as it turns out to be checked) dyes, products - with incomprehensible additives and the content of chemically harmful substances ... Therefore, they leave the roads into the oncoming lane, knocking down pedestrians at the crossing ...
      That's why ... Because impunity breeds permissiveness ...
      1. Snail N9
        Snail N9 10 January 2020 23: 33
        +2
        Well .... all sorts of options are:
  8. Ros 56
    Ros 56 10 January 2020 10: 07
    +5
    Well, there may be some thoughts, there can be no shortcomings in the work of private owners and top managers. They made a mess in the country and are surprised, well, not sheep?
    1. AU Ivanov.
      AU Ivanov. 10 January 2020 10: 23
      0
      Under Soviet rule, nothing burned. Airplanes flew and did not fall. The ships did not sink and the trains did not go off the rail. In general, there were no flaws in the planned economy.
    2. _Sergei_
      _Sergei_ 10 January 2020 10: 38
      0
      And in Soviet times, were there no violations and injuries? Only now is it being inflated by the press or the Internet. And all sorts of commissions come and look for the switchman.
      1. Ross xnumx
        Ross xnumx 11 January 2020 07: 38
        +1
        Quote: AS Ivanov.
        Under Soviet rule, nothing burned.

        Quote: _Sergey_
        And in Soviet times, were there no violations and injuries?

        Under the Soviet regime, it burned and sank, and exploded, and was broken, and mutilated, and a lot of things were. It was that people learned about many incidents on the territory of the USSR from the radio stations “Freedom” and “Free Europe”. It was not for the leadership of the country to justify these cases with sanctions, production costs, or any other reasons “prescribed” by the test regulations.
        And THE MOST IMPORTANT THING - AS A RESULT OF ALL OF THIS, THERE WASN'T CASES FOR SOMEONE ADDITIONAL TO HUMAN SUITS, HUMAN MOUNTAIN AND POVERTY OF CITIZENS ...
        It wasn’t such that the country renounced its own sovereignty, pursued a policy of conciliationism, pursuing the personal mercantile interests of the leadership ... Never have the country been "mediocre" and "loafers" in the leadership for such a long time, without showing real results ... Never has the country's leadership no parasites were noted for the lack of any merit ... Never in the country has there been such an extended period of time in which the population simply died out ...
        Therefore, tar buckets do not change the taste or smell of the “honey” that the “fairy-tale bees” managed to collect for thirty years of “persistent rowing for themselves” ...
      2. Ros 56
        Ros 56 11 January 2020 11: 47
        +1
        Everything was there, and the planes were falling, and there were also railroad crashes. But everything is relative, how many factories are working now and how many were working then, how many trains were running then and how many are now, but I am silent about the killings, then it was an emergency, but now it seems that it should be so and the reaction of the cops is definitely not like then. Well, about the theft in especially large ones, I think it’s not worth talking about. So do not compare the fact of the presence of negativity, but its relative dimensions.
  9. eagle owl
    eagle owl 10 January 2020 10: 09
    +2
    Unfortunately, accidents have always been, are, and will be. Here it is necessary to understand specifically.
    But why do such accidents happen on the eve or right after some holidays?

    Type of fire at Kuz.
    Do we continue to be a country of slobs and heroes?

    No, we learn from "partners".

    In Wichita, a plant exploded, no - not pyrotechnics or oil and gas - aircraft. No, not military aviation - the Beechcraft plant, they basically make "general purpose" aircraft (what we called "special purpose"). But nevertheless - they could! There are no particular victims - the plant was closed for the New Year holidays - most likely, someone did not turn off the gas tap ...

    In general, in "smart" ministries, on the eve of the holiday, the "people" are kicked out for dinner - so that especially their "brought" work does not "work" and do not go to try "work" in neighboring departments. Then there is a chance that the equipment will be de-energized, turned off, the doors-windows are closed, the certificates of delivery of premises will be handed over ...

    Theme - not worth a damn egg
  10. kriten
    kriten 10 January 2020 11: 06
    -1
    Managed by snickering managers and not bearing any responsibility.
  11. iouris
    iouris 10 January 2020 13: 11
    0
    This is a clear signal. Who does not understand, he will understand.
  12. savage1976
    savage1976 10 January 2020 13: 15
    0
    To change, yes I completely agree with the author, it's time to change. That's only 99% percent easier to say that the blame is on the government and everything, everything, everything than to change.
  13. 123456789
    123456789 10 January 2020 15: 19
    -1
    Probably, it is impossible to completely eliminate the danger of accidents at such industries.

    "Every accident has a name, surname and position."
    Commissar of Railways Lazar Kaganovich.
    1. Lamp post
      Lamp post 10 January 2020 16: 26
      0
      Vasya Pupkin, the watchman, is responsible for everything.
  14. prior
    prior 10 January 2020 16: 38
    0
    "Amazingly, this is how most people react."

    And what can this majority change? Gouging is planted from above.
    The irresponsibility at the top gives rise to the irresponsibility at the bottom.
    Well, the factory burned by the oligarch who robbed me, why should I worry about him?
    Let him insure .....
  15. Glebovich
    Glebovich 10 January 2020 16: 53
    +1
    I, was at this plant, I work in oil refining, I know the situation from the inside, not everything is so bad. Problems certainly exist, but not a little is being done in the field of ecology and industrial safety. In Soviet times, they burned more often and this is a fact. Most importantly, people are not hurt.
    1. Sir1966
      Sir1966 11 January 2020 21: 37
      +1
      I have been working at a refinery for 30 years. The TB situation has changed significantly and for the better. But one must understand that in such a production it is not possible to completely eliminate the accident rate. And in the west, refineries burn and explode no less often. A lot depends on the people responsible for industrial safety, and on the management. And here comes a serious problem. Even 20 years ago, the plant was managed by a person who passed the way from a simple operator. And the chief engineer was the same. And the chief technologist ... And now some stupid fashion has gone into LUKOIL - to conduct rotation of managers. Directors change almost every 5 years. Such a Varangian comes from warm Volgograd to us in Perm and begins to build everyone "but it is not so in Volgograd", "why such a consumption of energy resources? What does frost mean? REDUCE!" And with pride he reports to Moscow how he taught us how to save money ... And then we start up the installation after repair for a month instead of 5 days ... And he will ... he will move somewhere else in 5 years. Similarly, the heads and mechanics of installations hang out inside the plant. Hence, human errors are purely from ignorance of the object.
      And the trouble is that gradually workers and specialists are being replaced by "well-trained managers" who do not understand a damn thing in production, but "who know how to manage". And this, in my opinion, is an all-Russian trouble.
  16. 16112014nk
    16112014nk 10 January 2020 18: 39
    +1
    Quote: knn54
    I remember that in the days of the USSR, a major from military acceptance (a very competent specialist) said that our trouble is that the quality of products for the citizen and the army is STRONGLY different, unlike the West.

    In the 1970s worked for Zil in Moscow. The same manufactured parts were divided, unofficially of course, into 3 categories:
    1. - to the assembly line - of ordinary quality
    2. - in the army - the military representative personally selected - the quality is impeccable.
    3. - in "cooperation" - spare parts somewhere, most often in agriculture. And it was a frank marriage.