Reflections on the state of emergency at the Ukhta refinery


How ordinary we respond to emergencies (PE) that happen somewhere far away from us. Well, yes, the Komi oil refinery caught fire. Ukhta refinery. Yes, one person was hurt. But they put out the same. Oil refineries are generally hazardous production and everyone knows this. From a simple layman to any employee of this enterprise.


Amazingly, the reaction of the majority is just that. This is far, and therefore not very interesting. Now, if this happened nearby, or the number of victims in the thousands, or at least hundreds, then yes. One would have to talk a lot about this with pathos. It would be necessary to blow all the pipes and sprinkle ashes on the head.

I witnessed about the same incident exactly a year ago. Then there was a fire in the tank capacity withdrawn for repair at the Omsk Oil Refinery owned by Gazpromneft. Then the fire covered only 110 square meters and eight employees who were in the ignition zone independently evacuated. But I saw the reaction of people living in the immediate vicinity of the plant.

And I saw the attitude of these people to the employees of the Ministry of Emergency Situations, who, with a risk to their lives, eliminated this fire. It was not fear, It was an understanding of danger and an understanding of the heroic actions of firefighters. Perhaps this understanding came when a fireman died during the elimination of one of these man-made fires.

On January 9, a fire occurred at an oil refinery owned by Lukoil-Ukhtaneftepererabotka LLC. At 16 hours 45 minutes an explosion was heard at the factory. At 16 hours, an explosion was received at the Ukhta Fire and Rescue Garrison. The next explosion occurred before the firefighters arrived at the scene. In 55-15 minutes. 20 firefighters and 78 pieces of equipment arrived at the scene. A fire train was also sent to the refinery.

Initially, the fire, according to experts, began at the installation for the processing of diesel fuel. But then, there was a depressurization of four fuel tanks at once. What caused a flash of flame. The fire spread to an area of ​​1000 square meters.

As a result of competent and heroic actions of firefighters, open fire was eliminated by a foamy attack. Now firefighters are engaged in spilling and bunding the territory of the refinery. The press service of the regional Ministry of Emergencies reported:

"At present, firefighters conduct deboning and" pouring "of the territory. A laboratory is working on the site to measure the maximum permissible concentration of harmful substances in the air, no excesses have been detected. Repeated measurements will be carried out in the morning."

Probably, it is impossible to completely eliminate the danger of accidents at such industries. But why do such accidents happen on the eve or right after some holidays? The accident with which I started the material occurred on December 4, 2019, this January 9 of this year. Maybe this is a flaw in the management of enterprises?

And further. Why do we always create situations in which someone is forced to show heroism, risk his own life? Do we continue to be a country of slobs and heroes? Maybe it's time to change ...
Author:
Photos used:
VKontakte / Ukhta
Ctrl Enter

Noticed a mistake Highlight text and press. Ctrl + Enter

51 comment
Information
Dear reader, to leave comments on the publication, you must to register.

I have an account? Sign in

  1. rocket757 10 January 2020 09: 11 New
    • 9
    • 1
    +8
    Probably, it is impossible to completely eliminate the danger of accidents at such industries.

    No matter how much we like safety checks and other topics on CORRECT, SAFE, work, equipment operation, compliance with production technology in enterprises with dangerous production factors, all this is written not in vain! Compliance requirements, strict, strict, all this is also not in vain!
    1. neri73-r 10 January 2020 10: 20 New
      • 4
      • 0
      +4
      Quote: rocket757
      Probably, it is impossible to completely eliminate the danger of accidents at such industries.

      No matter how much we like safety checks and other topics on CORRECT, SAFE, work, equipment operation, compliance with production technology in enterprises with dangerous production factors, all this is written not in vain! Compliance requirements, strict, strict, all this is also not in vain!

      This is ALL written in blood.
      1. rocket757 10 January 2020 10: 33 New
        • 1
        • 0
        +1
        Quote: neri73-r
        This is ALL written in blood.

        This is understandable! Just why do we often have everything burns \ sinks \ falls when carrying out repairs and other works, first of all ??? Is there, TRAINED PERSONNEL, verified, certified, RESPONSIBLE at all?
        1. neri73-r 10 January 2020 11: 21 New
          • 2
          • 0
          +2
          Quote: rocket757
          This is understandable! Just why do we often have everything burns \ sinks \ falls when carrying out repairs and other works, first of all ??? Is there, TRAINED PERSONNEL, verified, certified, RESPONSIBLE at all?

          Lack of leadership control and a complete lack of self-control, carelessness and "at random." Plus the lack of education.
          1. rocket757 10 January 2020 12: 24 New
            • 0
            • 0
            0
            Quote: neri73-r
            Lack of leadership control and a complete lack of self-control, carelessness and "at random." Plus the lack of education.

            It’s hard to imagine ... everything is left with us as it was, I can’t do the dangerous production at all, so control from all sides! Of course everything happens, but no more than when then.
        2. polar fox 10 January 2020 12: 09 New
          • 0
          • 2
          -2
          Quote: rocket757
          Is there, TRAINED PERSONNEL, verified, certified, RESPONSIBLE at all?

          it is so ... by the efforts of the ruling, everything is under the tail. A case is the whole result. And again, and who carries out these certifications? What do they know or know?
          1. rocket757 10 January 2020 12: 30 New
            • 2
            • 0
            +2
            Control has not disappeared, where it is needed and they want to keep it. The system of training and certification has also changed little.
            It turns out that where they want to do everything as expected, it goes that way. And where initially nothing was ever observed, there is only "out of the stick" order can be restored.
            In general, everything is as before.
        3. d ^ Amir 10 January 2020 12: 31 New
          • 3
          • 2
          +1
          wait a little more ... we carry out the last specialists of the Soviet "spill" and then we will be surprised by the fireworks
          1. rocket757 10 January 2020 13: 13 New
            • 0
            • 0
            0
            Where the SYSTEM is geared towards fulfilling the established rules, replacing a pair of control specialists will not fundamentally change anything, the system will tweak them HOW TO!
            Where the mess was originally, the same pair of specialists will not be able to change anything ... break off for sure.
        4. Nyrobsky 10 January 2020 14: 28 New
          • 2
          • 0
          +2
          Quote: rocket757
          This is understandable! Just why do we often have everything burns \ sinks \ falls when carrying out repairs and other works, first of all ???

          He is a human factor. Security violation + "so it goes" = "Emergency Occurrence".
          Quote: rocket757
          Is there, TRAINED PERSONNEL, verified, certified, RESPONSIBLE at all?
          There is. Now they will quickly find or appoint the one who allowed these things, and they will turn out to be poorly trained, not certified and irresponsible Uncle Petya, and those who are really to blame will most likely jump off.
    2. _Sergei_ 10 January 2020 10: 32 New
      • 2
      • 0
      +2
      Still, money would be allocated to fulfill the requirements for TB, otherwise only checks and sometimes with the prosecutor’s office. Until the authorities themselves are taken and there will be no movement. And so on the bottom will find the extreme.
      1. rocket757 10 January 2020 10: 42 New
        • 5
        • 0
        +5
        Quote: _Sergey_
        And so on the bottom will find the extreme.

        Find it right .... switchman, this is probably an ETERNAL TOPIC! Only now everything is a lot more impudent, cynical ... do not want to work at your own peril and risk, free, at least! they will find another fool for that job.
        1. Snail N9 10 January 2020 12: 00 New
          • 8
          • 1
          +7
          Hmm, why is it burning and drowning? Yes, because of the banal greed of the "owners", who are few and who want to pump loot continuously, other things in an increasing amount (they can’t get drunk in any way) and for this they put pressure on the direct managers of the production, forcing them to intensify the production process in every possible way, and with a decrease any costs, for example, forcing to carry out "repair" and "scheduled" work (without which production is simply impossible) without interrupting the workflow or reducing production and production volumes, that is, without stopping or shutting down the main equipment, trying to do something " -parts ", through" subcontracting "and outsourcing, etc.
          1. rocket757 10 January 2020 12: 58 New
            • 3
            • 0
            +3
            Quote: Snail N9
            Yes, because of the banal greed of the "owners", to whom all is not enough

            It's right. Such, if the controlling structures are not pushed into tight frames, they can be extremely badly damaged and destroyed.
            It’s bad that the controllers become the same greedy traders ... not all, but many!
            To me, like our "advanced youth" tried to prove that the state control, we have, is no longer needed !!! Like, the business itself will do everything right, and there will be insurance companies, agents on the hedge, who can trace everything!?!?!? We could not convince each other .... now life will judge who was wrong and how.
          2. _Sergei_ 10 January 2020 13: 06 New
            • 2
            • 0
            +2
            And where does the owners? And at state-owned enterprises, it’s even worse than that of a private trader. For example, Russian Railways is a state corporation. In my last place before retirement, there were three labor protection engineers. And now alone. I asked a question so that at least one assistant would be given. They said "can not cope, leave." When he should check the labor protection, if he does not have time to write reports and draw up documentation.
            1. Snail N9 10 January 2020 13: 32 New
              • 6
              • 1
              +5
              When (back in the distant Soviet times) I studied at the institute, an uncle, a teacher, explained to us at the department of "Economics and Law" that there are two types of "goals" - the "criterion" of business-entrepreneurship - "profit" (economic efficiency) and "economic expediency. " He explained what their differences were: if guided by a purely capitalist “profit” model as a criterion of efficiency, then business owners, no matter who the “private trader” or “state” will always strive to reduce any costs while squeezing the maximum output to increase profits. If we are guided by "economic feasibility", then for this it is necessary to clearly understand the goals of the entire state, because with this approach, business is built taking into account the achievement of the ultimate goal of the state, that is, in this case, you can give up profit in some areas and compensate for its shortage something else. But in this case, strict control of society over the state is needed, and the state over business in order to take into account and control all parties in order to achieve a specific goal. Apparently, in Russia the first model of conducting "business" - "entrepreneurship" was adopted, all for the sake of "profit", and in the most perverted form when the state itself is seen by those who have crept into power as a kind of "company" for "efficiently conducting state business "for maximum profit, for the shortest possible time while minimizing all social and other costs.
            2. Lamp post 10 January 2020 16: 17 New
              • 1
              • 0
              +1
              Capitalism in the general public sector behaves the same as in any other field. The trend is “an increase in labor productivity” due to “optimization,” or more simply, a reduction in the number of specialists and workers. So it turns out that at present, if a specialist has nobody to “delegate” to (dump) his authority, then he plows for two, three. The human factor has not been canceled.
  2. The leader of the Redskins 10 January 2020 09: 25 New
    • 3
    • 2
    +1
    And what "improvements" does the author propose to make? Cancel holidays? Stop the distillation process on New Year's Eve?
    1. Loess 10 January 2020 09: 37 New
      • 2
      • 1
      +1
      Quote: Leader of the Redskins
      And what "improvements" does the author propose to make?

      Quote:
      And from here the third point. "What the author offers."
      Yes, no author offers you anything. It is not his duty.
      1. Lamp post 10 January 2020 16: 19 New
        • 1
        • 1
        0
        So, put g * s stupa.
    2. knn54 10 January 2020 10: 18 New
      • 3
      • 0
      +3
      I will say one thing: if, for example, the requirements for production, the CONTROL for the production of fuel tanks for fuels and lubricants were the same as the fuel tanks for aircraft, the number of accidents was less. Often they buy used products stored in the open air without any input control.
      There is no responsibility of the same auditors-inspectors.
      I remember that in the days of the USSR, a major from military acceptance (a very competent specialist) said that our misfortune is that the quality of products for the citizen and the army is STRONGLY different, unlike the West. The truth was that there were no Chinese products at that time.
  3. Rusfaner 10 January 2020 09: 31 New
    • 4
    • 0
    +4
    Quote: rocket757
    Probably, it is impossible to completely eliminate the danger of accidents at such industries.

    No matter how much we like safety checks and other topics on CORRECT, SAFE, work, equipment operation, compliance with production technology in enterprises with dangerous production factors, all this is written not in vain! Compliance requirements, strict, strict, all this is also not in vain!

    All these documents are written in the blood of slobs and heroes.
    1. Andrey NM 10 January 2020 10: 31 New
      • 5
      • 0
      +5
      Working in this area, I noticed the following. VINKs require contractors to comply with standards from and to. But at the same time, these standards themselves are fulfilled through the sleeves, more aimed at ostentatiousness, i.e. all should be in uniform robes and helmets. I still asked them as a joke, but where are the stripes with combat numbers? And why don't we build? A million magazines to fill, it is necessary, it is not necessary ... But the fact that there are tanks and fittings breathing incense is the tenth question. On their own, the regulation is not carried out, all by subcontracting organizations ...
    2. rocket757 10 January 2020 10: 37 New
      • 0
      • 0
      0
      Quote: Rusfaner
      All these documents are written in the blood of slobs and heroes.

      I really want those RESPONSIBLE for compliance, prevention, controlling, responsible, at least, with their FREEDOM and in full! What could not be bought off!
      1. _Sergei_ 10 January 2020 13: 14 New
        • 2
        • 0
        +2
        Very often, after checking by energy supervision or firefighters, the prosecutor’s office comes and checks the implementation. So now you can’t buy it. We had old fuels and lubricants and firefighters gave an order for the analysis of containers from diz. fuel. Must be performed by a licensed organization. While our chief engineer was fined, no one moved. As soon as the president of Russian Railways was fined, they immediately found the money and the organization.
  4. Loess 10 January 2020 09: 35 New
    • 9
    • 3
    +6
    How we routinely respond to emergencies (PE)
    But do you need to go out to rallies after each state of emergency?
    The system is functioning, an emergency has happened - the mechanism of its localization and elimination is launched. Everything goes on as usual.
    Why do we always create such situations
    What do we mean? If an emergency occurs due to non-compliance / violation of TB measures, then this is the responsibility of specific non-conscious individuals. You can’t pester each controller.
    But why do such accidents happen on the eve or right after some holidays? The accident with which I started the material occurred on December 4, 2019
    December 4 is the eve of which holiday?
    1. Ross xnumx 10 January 2020 10: 21 New
      • 4
      • 0
      +4
      Quote: Less
      December 4 is the eve of which holiday?

      Day of the Stalinist Constitution and a festive day in Soviet times ...
      The USSR Constitution of 1936 (unofficial names: “Stalin’s Constitution”, less often “Constitution of Victorious Socialism”) is the basic law of the USSR, adopted by the VIII All-Union Extraordinary Congress of Soviets on December 5, 1936 and in force (with amendments and additions) until 1977.

      belay
      1. Loess 10 January 2020 10: 24 New
        • 2
        • 1
        +1
        Quote: ROSS 42
        Day of the Stalinist Constitution and a festive day in Soviet times ...

        Mdya ... Of course, not the day of the capture of the Bastille, but also a serious reason ... laughing
    2. _Sergei_ 10 January 2020 10: 34 New
      • 1
      • 0
      +1
      If you look at the calendar, you will definitely find some kind of holiday. Or as in the joke "to heat the bath."
    3. Mordvin 3 10 January 2020 10: 57 New
      • 1
      • 1
      0
      Quote: Less
      December 4 is the eve of which holiday?

      The day of writing letters to Grandfather Frost. ABOUT! belay
      1. Snail N9 10 January 2020 12: 37 New
        • 6
        • 2
        +4
        The day of writing letters to Grandfather Frost.

        "Grandfather Frost" is now, quite, "not the same":
  5. Qwertyarion 10 January 2020 09: 46 New
    • 4
    • 0
    +4
    .
    And further. Why do we always create situations in which someone is forced to show heroism, risk his own life?

    Author, we generally live in a dangerous world.
    What will be your suggestions on this issue?
  6. Zaurbek 10 January 2020 09: 50 New
    • 1
    • 2
    -1
    Do we have a website and forum for firefighters, the Ministry of Emergencies and safety engineers?
  7. VicktorVR 10 January 2020 09: 53 New
    • 3
    • 0
    +3
    Yes, because the mess is everywhere. Where there is a possibility of breaking through the results of the mess in the media, we see them, in other places it seems that there is no mess. But he is.

    And the mess is due to the lack of responsibility proportional to the possible consequences for people who really influence the situation. Everywhere, in all areas. The culprit / "culprit" is each time found and "punished" / punished. Only for some reason it turns out to be a “switchman” every time, and not a “station manager”.
    1. Ross xnumx 10 January 2020 10: 42 New
      • 6
      • 0
      +6
      Quote: VicktorVR
      Yes, because the mess is everywhere. Where there is a possibility of breaking through the results of the mess in the media, we see them, in other places it seems that there is no mess. But he is.

      That's it - a mess. Here they ask:
      Quote: Leader of the Redskins
      And what "improvements" does the author propose to make? Cancel holidays? Stop the distillation process on New Year's Eve?

      No answer ... Do you know why? Because tests of TB and PPB do not give absolutely any results. We have everything legalized so that any check should be a pre-planned event. Therefore, in Vladivostok, people were burned and crashed, jumping from a height because firefighters could not quickly approach the building, and emergency exits were locked and littered with trash.
      Therefore, a furniture center burned down in Kemerovo because the building was built (bungled) with fire and electrical safety violations ...
      Therefore, people suffocated in Lame Horse that the building functioned in violation of the PPB ...
      Therefore, in Kemerovo in the "Winter Cherry" people died that the staff put the device on the PPB ...
      Therefore, the PD-50 sank ... Therefore, "Admiral Kuznetsov" caught fire ... Therefore, we use underwear and clothing with toxic (as it turns out to be tested) dyes, products - with obscure additives and the content of chemically harmful substances ... Therefore, people leave on the roads into the oncoming lane, knock down pedestrians at the crossing ...
      That's why ... Because impunity breeds permissiveness ...
      1. Snail N9 10 January 2020 23: 33 New
        • 3
        • 1
        +2
        Well .... all sorts of options are:
  8. Ros 56 10 January 2020 10: 07 New
    • 5
    • 0
    +5
    Well, there may be some thoughts, there can be no shortcomings in the work of private owners and top managers. They made a mess in the country and are surprised, well, not sheep?
    1. AU Ivanov. 10 January 2020 10: 23 New
      • 3
      • 3
      0
      Under Soviet rule, nothing burned. Airplanes flew and did not fall. The ships did not sink and the trains did not go off the rail. In general, there were no flaws in the planned economy.
    2. _Sergei_ 10 January 2020 10: 38 New
      • 1
      • 1
      0
      And in Soviet times, were there no violations and injuries? Only now is it being inflated by the press or the Internet. And all sorts of commissions come and look for the switchman.
      1. Ross xnumx 11 January 2020 07: 38 New
        • 2
        • 1
        +1
        Quote: AU Ivanov.
        Under Soviet rule, nothing burned.

        Quote: _Sergey_
        And in Soviet times, were there no violations and injuries?

        Under the Soviet regime, it burned and sank, and exploded, and was broken, and mutilated, and a lot of things were. It was that people learned about many incidents on the territory of the USSR from the radio stations “Freedom” and “Free Europe”. It was not for the leadership of the country to justify these cases with sanctions, production costs, or any other reasons “prescribed” by the test regulations.
        And THE MOST IMPORTANT THING - AS A RESULT OF ALL OF THIS, THERE WASN'T CASES FOR SOMEONE ADDITIONAL TO HUMAN SUITS, HUMAN MOUNTAIN AND POVERTY OF CITIZENS ...
        It wasn’t such that the country renounced its own sovereignty, pursued a policy of conciliationism, pursuing the personal mercantile interests of the leadership ... Never have the country been "mediocre" and "loafers" in the leadership for such a long time, without showing real results ... Never has the country's leadership no parasites were noted for the lack of any merit ... Never in the country has there been such an extended period of time in which the population simply died out ...
        Therefore, tar buckets do not change the taste or smell of the “honey” that the “fairy-tale bees” managed to collect for thirty years of “persistent rowing for themselves” ...
      2. Ros 56 11 January 2020 11: 47 New
        • 1
        • 0
        +1
        Everything was there, and the planes were falling, and there were also railroad crashes. But everything is relative, how many factories are working now and how many were working then, how many trains were running then and how many are now, but I am silent about the killings, then it was an emergency, but now it seems that it should be so and the reaction of the cops is definitely not like then. Well, about the theft in especially large ones, I think it’s not worth talking about. So do not compare the fact of the presence of negativity, but its relative dimensions.
  9. eagle owl 10 January 2020 10: 09 New
    • 3
    • 1
    +2
    Unfortunately, accidents have always been, are, and will be. Here it is necessary to understand specifically.
    But why do such accidents happen on the eve or right after some holidays?

    Type of fire at Kuz.
    Do we continue to be a country of slobs and heroes?

    No, we are learning from "partners".

    A plant exploded in Wichita, no — not pyrotechnics or oil and gas — aircraft building. No, not military aviation - the Beechcraft factory, they mainly make "general purpose" aircraft (what we called "special purpose"). Nevertheless, they could! There are no particular victims - the plant was closed on New Year's holidays - most likely, someone did not shut off the gas tap ...

    In general, on the eve of the holiday, in “smart” ministries “people” are kicked out for dinner - so that their “brought” work isn’t “worked” and didn’t go to try “work” in neighboring units. Then there is a chance that the equipment will be de-energized, turned off, the door-windows are closed, the acts on the commissioning of the premises have been delivered ...

    Theme - not worth a damn egg
  10. kriten 10 January 2020 11: 06 New
    • 1
    • 2
    -1
    Managed by snickering managers and not bearing any responsibility.
  11. iouris 10 January 2020 13: 11 New
    • 0
    • 0
    0
    This is a clear signal. Who does not understand, he will understand.
  12. savage1976 10 January 2020 13: 15 New
    • 0
    • 0
    0
    To change, yes I completely agree with the author, it's time to change. That's only 99% percent easier to say that the blame is on the government and everything, everything, everything than to change.
  13. 123456789 10 January 2020 15: 19 New
    • 0
    • 1
    -1
    Probably, it is impossible to completely eliminate the danger of accidents at such industries.

    "Every accident has a name, surname and position."
    Commissar of Railways Lazar Kaganovich.
    1. Lamp post 10 January 2020 16: 26 New
      • 0
      • 0
      0
      Vasya Pupkin, the watchman, is responsible for everything.
  14. prior 10 January 2020 16: 38 New
    • 0
    • 0
    0
    "Amazingly, most people have a reaction like that."

    And what can this majority change? Gouging is planted from above.
    The irresponsibility at the top gives rise to the irresponsibility at the bottom.
    Well, the factory burned by the oligarch who robbed me, why should I worry about him?
    Let him insure .....
  15. Glebovich 10 January 2020 16: 53 New
    • 1
    • 0
    +1
    I, was at this plant, I work in oil refining, I know the situation from the inside, not everything is so bad. Problems certainly exist, but not a little is being done in the field of ecology and industrial safety. In Soviet times, they burned more often and this is a fact. Most importantly, people are not hurt.
    1. Sir1966 11 January 2020 21: 37 New
      • 1
      • 0
      +1
      I have been working at a refinery for 30 years. The situation with TB has changed significantly and for the better. But one must understand that in such a production it is not possible to completely eliminate the accident rate. And in the west, refineries burn and explode at least. A lot depends on the people responsible for industrial safety, well, and on the leadership. And here a serious problem comes out. Even 20 years ago, the plant was run by a person who passed the path from a simple operator. And the chief engineer was the same. And the chief technologist ... And now, in LUKOIL, some kind of stupid fashion has gone - to carry out rotation of leaders. Almost every 5 years they change directors. Such a Varangian comes from warm Volgograd to us in Perm and begins to build everyone "but it is not so in our city of Volgograd", "why such a consumption of energy resources? What does frost mean? REDUCE!" And he proudly reports to Moscow how he taught us how to save ... And then we start the installation after repair for a month instead of 5 days ... And he ... us, he, after 5 years he will again move somewhere. Similarly, chiefs and plant mechanics hang out inside the plant. Hence human errors are purely from ignorance of the object.
      And the trouble is that gradually the “shagged managers” are being supplanted by workers and specialists who do not understand a damn thing in production, but “know how to manage”. And this, in my opinion, is a pan-Russian misfortune.
  16. 16112014nk 10 January 2020 18: 39 New
    • 1
    • 0
    +1
    Quote: knn54
    I remember that in the days of the USSR, a major from military acceptance (a very competent specialist) said that our trouble is that the quality of products for the citizen and the army is STRONGLY different, unlike the West.

    In the 1970s worked for Zil in Moscow. The same manufactured parts were divided, unofficially of course, into 3 categories:
    1. - to the assembly line - of ordinary quality
    2. - in the army - the military representative personally selected - the quality is impeccable.
    3. - in the "cooperation" - spare parts somewhere, most often in agriculture. And it was an open marriage.