Smart Gauges to Combat Asymmetric Threats


Skyshield short-range air defense installation


In search of the smartest


The presence on board a combat vehicle of a large number of different types of ammunition, on the one hand, allows you to hit various types of targets, and on the other, seriously increases the mass of transported ammunition. It is worth considering the loss of time to recharge weapons appropriate shell. In addition, often the consumption of “stupid” shells at a target in the final cost is outweighed by single and effective shots by “smart” ammunition. This is especially true of modern asymmetric threats, when many miniature David are able to turn any Goliath into scrap metal. Drones with mini-bombs, mobile mortar crews, high-speed boats armed with both missile weapons and simply equipped with a couple of hundred kilograms of explosives with a fanatic on board - all these irritants make you look for technological answers in all developed countries of the world. Demand, as you know, creates supply, and now we are witnessing a process of gradual increase in the "intellectual" capabilities of artillery weapons - primarily in the niche of small and medium calibers.


Shrapnel shells relive rebirth with remote air blasting technology

The fact that it was time to get rid of classic fragmentation munitions was first discussed in the 60s of the last century, when it became possible to conduct a detailed study of the physics of a shell explosion. It turned out that the fragmentation grenades during the explosion form too low a density of fragments, some of which also goes into the air and soil. Even non-contact fuses, if they change the situation, are not dramatic: some fragments still fly past the target. The formation of a fragmentation field was actually random, with a negative effect introduced by longitudinal cracks on the shell of the projectile, which formed in the first moments of the explosion. They formed long and heavy fragments, called "sabers", which accounted for up to 80% of the entire mass of the body. They tried to find a way out in the search for the optimal composition of steel, but this path turned out to be in many ways a dead end. Shells of shells with predetermined crushing parameters, which also seriously reduced strength, led to higher production costs. Failed and not the most perfect shock fuses, which showed themselves not from the best side in the flooded rice fields of Vietnam, the deserts of the Middle East and the marshy soils of the lower Mesopotamia. Therefore, the engineers decided to revive shrapnel ammunition, which they successfully buried before the Second World War. In the 60s, new targets for artillery appeared - the calculations of anti-tank weapons, soldiers protected by individual armor, as well as the birth of the first small-sized air targets such as anti-ship cruise missiles. To help shrapnel ammunition came new alloys based on tungsten and uranium, significantly increasing the breakdown effect of ready-made striking elements. So, the Americans, sophisticated in matters of improving the effectiveness of their weapons, in Vietnam for the first time used ammunition with arrow-shaped striking elements, each of which weighed from 0,7 to 1,5 grams. Each projectile had up to 10000 wax-filled arrows, which, when detonated by a knock-out charge, accelerated to 200 m / s. To accelerate arrows to a higher speed was dangerous: there were great chances of destruction of elements from a powerful explosion.

Gradually, the evolution of shrapnel of a new type led to the appearance of small-caliber ammunition for 20-mm guns. This was the German shell DM111 for guns Rh202 and Rh200 weighing 118 g. and containing 120 balls, each of which punched a dural sheet 2 mm thick. In Russia, a 30-mm shell was intended for similar work, in which there were 28 bullets of 3,5 g each. each one. This ammunition was developed for aircraft guns GSh-30, -301, -30K; its distinctive feature was a fixed interval of operation of the expelling powder charge (at a distance of 800 to 1700 m), from which shrapnel bullets flew at an angle of 8 degrees.

Probably one of the most advanced shrapnel ammunition was the Swiss AHEAD from Oerlikon - Contraves AG with a caliber of 35 mm, which has certain rudiments of a simple artillery "intelligence". In the bottom of the projectile is an electronic remote fuse that fires at a strictly defined time. For this, artillery installations capable of firing such ammunition must have a rangefinder, ballistic computer and a muzzle input channel for a temporary installation. The input channel or induction programmer is three solenoid rings, the first two of which measure the projectile departure speed, and the third passes the detonation time parameters to the remote fuse. At a muzzle velocity of the projectile of about 1050 m / s, the entire process of measuring muzzle velocity, calculating and programming the projectile takes less than 0,002 seconds.




Skyshield air defense system as an option for using AHEAD shells

AHEAD anti-aircraft projectile (Advanced Hit Efficiency And Destruction - “increased hit and destruction efficiency”), exploding 152 finished tungsten cylinders, allows you to fight aircraft, UAVs and missiles at a distance of up to 4 km. Typical examples of gun systems using Swiss shells are MANTIS, Skyshield and Millennium, equipped with a 35 mm Oerlikon 35/1000 automatic cannon. In particular, guns are capable of firing in three modes: classic single and single with a rate of 200 rounds per minute, as well as bursts of 1000 rounds per minute. AHEAD were developed back in the 90s, survived many modernizations and actually became the founder of a whole new class of KETF shells (Kinetic Energy Timed Fuze, kinetic energy ammunition with a temporary fuse, often referred to as AHEAD / KETF or ABM / KETF).

Caliber is fading


While the 35mm AHEAD seems too large, Rheinmetall offers the 308mm PMC30 smart ammunition already used in NATO countries. Such shells can seriously save volumes for ammunition. The developers claim that up to 50% compared with 35 mm and up to 75% in the case of 40 mm. The shells fit the guns Rheinmetall MK30-2 / ABM1 and Wotan, named after Wotan, the supreme ancient German deity. It will not be a problem to use a shell with guns that have a programmer not on the muzzle, but in the munition supply mechanism. For example, in a 30-mm gun Mk44 Bushmaster II company Orbital ATK. The PMC308 is a projectile stuffed with 162 striking elements, each weighing 1,24 grams. In case of a miss, the “smart” ammunition self-destructs after 8,2 seconds of flight, managing to overcome 4 km during this time.

Perhaps the most high-tech device in the described technique is a miniature bottom fuse, unified for both 35 mm and 30 mm AHEAD / KETF. It consists of a receiving coil of a non-contact programmer, an electronic temporary device with an energy source, an electric fuse, a safety-executive mechanism with a detonator, and an expulsion charge containing 0,5 g of explosives. In this case, the power source generator starts when overloaded from a shot - this allows you to save energy consumption in standby mode in the combat unit. Electronics has an interesting fuse, which does not allow programming undermining less than 64 ms after departure from the trunk. This creates a "safety zone" from being hit by its own fragments around a gun with a radius of about 70 meters. And, of course, the absence of a contact fuse allows an automatic gun to work on a target through bushes and dense thickets of vegetation. And, most importantly, the 30 mm and 35 mm AHEAD / KETF shells are dual-mode. The first is a mode with a programmed range of detonation, and the second is generally without programming. That is, an expensive projectile can pierce a 24-40-mm brick wall only due to kinetic energy. In this case, the ammunition is destroyed, scattering the deadly contents already beyond the barrier.

Smart Gauges to Combat Asymmetric Threats

40 mm DM131 air blast ammunition with eight IR detectors

By the way, programmers on the muzzle end and in the munition supply mechanism are not the only options for “communicating” the gun with shells. Rheinmetall has developed the DM40 HE IM ESD-T ABM 131mm high-explosive fragmentation round for the German Heckler & Koch GMG grenade launchers and the American General Dynamics Mk 47 Striker. A special feature is the Vingmate 4500 fire control system (Vingmate Advansed), the principle of which is similar to adjusting the flight of an anti-tank missile. Only here, with the help of coded infrared signals, the grenade, which already managed to overcome 4 m from the muzzle in flight, is transmitted the time of undermining in the air.


Vingmate Advansed Grenade Launcher

At the same time, the grenade, which accepted its command through eight on-board infrared receivers, can no longer be reprogrammed in order to avoid receiving someone else's command. Here, as in the case of AHEAD, a queue from a Heckler & Koch GMG grenade launcher can make a spectacular “pearl string”, that is, simultaneously blow up several grenades on the flight path. To implement such a complicated mechanism of work on a grenade launcher, a laser rangefinder and an infrared projector spotlight with a control unit should be installed.

50mm EAPS Ammunition


To deal with attacking artillery shells, mines and explosive-filled balloons of “smart” shells of 20, 30 and 35 millimeters caliber are often not enough. To solve such problems, a 50-mm gun Enhanced Bushmaster III was created, which can also be performed in a 35-mm version.





Enhanced Bushmaster III

The gun was originally developed as part of the EAPS Extended Area Protection and Survivability program, whose leadership is assigned to the US Army Research, Development and Design Center. Of course, a caliber of 50 mm implies the presence of armor-piercing shells, but the main thing is the ammunition AirBurst (AB) SuperShot 50 mm PABM-T, equipped with a remote air-blasting system. At first it was believed that the new gun would fit on the upgraded version of the Bradley, but there was not enough space in the BMP for such an ammunition gun, so it was decided to use the promising NGCV (Next Generation Combat Vehicle) as a platform.


Griffin iii demonstrator

The gun, by the way, on the Griffin III Demonstrator prototype lifts itself almost vertically into the sky (up to 85 degrees), clearly demonstrating what goals can be a priority.

To successfully control the fire of such a powerful gun on air targets such as asymmetric threats, the development of EAPS now has an interferometric radar station capable of tracking 6 targets at once and controlling the movement of ten 50-mm munitions toward them. The target is fired at by the twin Enhanced Bushmaster III on a wheeled chassis.


Enhanced Bushmaster III twin-wheeled chassis


EAPS Radar Prototype


Test results of the cumulative-fragmentation warhead MEFP projectile SuperShot 50 mm PABM-T

It is interesting that initially, in 2007, the Americans from the developer of the Texton Systems company calculated that the most optimal form of the projectile would be a classic animated one with a six-blade tail. But tests showed that such a scheme does not differ in flight stability, and the cylindrical tip of the munition was equipped with a needle. In addition, a monopulse correction engine containing 5,9 cm was located in the region of the center of mass of the projectile3 fuel and creates, if necessary, an impulse perpendicular to the axis of the projectile. That is, this “smart” projectile can not only explode at the right time by radio commands from the ground, but also adjust its flight to the target. And this, I recall, in the form factor of the 50-mm shell of an automatic gun.


EAPS usage pattern against asymmetric threats


The initial concept of the 50 mm SuperShot 50 mm PABM-T


Now choose only from two options for the execution of sleeves


The original shape of the lining of the warhead of the EAPS projectile, which forms 12 major penetrating elements when undermining. Computer simulation and x-ray of striking elements

The next innovation of the EAPS gun can be considered the cumulative-fragmentation warhead MEFP (Multiple Explosive Formed Penetrator), which forms a directional field of 7-12 miniature tungsten-tantalum “impact cores” when undermining. This turned out to be a necessary measure in the fight against thick-walled mines, against which ordinary tungsten shrapnel is ineffective. In addition, explosives form a circular field from fragments of a previously fragmented shell of the shell - this is for more vulnerable drones.
Author:
Photos used:
vpk.name, factmil.com, army-news.ru, btvt.narod.ru, thedrive.com, pikabu.ru, newatlas.com, forum.cartridgecollectors.org, Bulletin of the Russian Academy of Missile and Artillery Sciences
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  1. Vladimir_2U 30 December 2019 18: 20 New
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    forming a directional field of 7-12 miniature tungsten-tantalum "impact nuclei" when undermining. This turned out to be a necessary measure in the fight against thick-walled mines. For the cut of hell, this is a "necessary measure." laughing
  2. Thrifty 30 December 2019 18: 36 New
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    I ask the author to decipher how "the gun rises almost vertically, almost to 850" ??? What is it all about, about 850 degrees? ?? belay belay So it seems the full circle is only 360 degrees! Does the author have his own degree scale? ??
    1. Evgeny Fedorov 30 December 2019 18: 50 New
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      850 stands for 85 degrees. Thanks, I'll try to fix it.
      1. Ross xnumx 31 December 2019 03: 39 New
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        Quote: Yevgeny Fedorov
        850 stands for 85 degrees. Thanks, I'll try to fix it.

        You can:
        The gun, by the way, on the Griffin III Demonstrator prototype lifts itself almost vertically into the sky (up to 85 °), clearly demonstrating what goals can be a priority.

        yes
      2. Mustached Kok 31 December 2019 14: 10 New
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        he wrote 850 "- so here are the two dashes at the top, this is a replacement for degrees, this is the designation of minutes.
        So the author wrote everything right 850 minutes is 85 degrees
        1. Grigory M. 1 January 2020 14: 49 New
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          850 minutes is a little over 14 degrees ...
          https://ds04.infourok.ru/uploads/ex/050b/000e4962-5c2ec11a/2/img16.jpg
      3. Firelake 31 December 2019 15: 28 New
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        It is a pity that you did not mention OTOMATIK. There are more than interesting ammunition, even with the ability to correct the trajectory.
  3. Operator 30 December 2019 18: 46 New
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    Shrapnel shell with a focused scatter of fragments has two drawbacks:
    - when the target is displaced along the front or the guidance errors, a sheaf of fragments passes away from the target (unlike OFZ, whose fragments uniformly fly around the circle);
    - when mounted on targets behind a vertical obstacle, the circular expansion of the fragments in the 8-degree angle of the solution is too small to compensate for pointing errors.

    Because they rule OFZ with ready / prepared fragments of circular expansion.
    1. Thrifty 30 December 2019 18: 52 New
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      Twist it in flight - make cuts on it, and in the gun barrel grooves for such ammunition! And stabilization in flight from rotation, and above the expansion of fragments.
      1. Operator 30 December 2019 19: 09 New
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        It is easier to make notches on the side of the projectile or to lay the finished fragments around the circumference.
    2. 30hgsa 30 December 2019 20: 16 New
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      The expansion of the OFS fragments is an ellipse; they do not scatter evenly around the circumference. In the case of an anti-aircraft shell, everything will be even more fun due to the high velocity of the shell at the time of detonation. Fragments flying in the direction of the projectile will have speed = proper + projectile speed, and those flying against the direction will have their own speed minus the projectile speed. There will also be an ellipse.

      And one more problem - for hitting an airplane, and especially a helicopter, enough heavy fragments are needed to penetrate deeply under the skin and hit important mechanisms. As a result, the same 23 mm OFS was considered (with a DIRECT hit) insufficiently effective against combat helicopters and armored attack aircraft and replaced with 30 mm.
      1. Good_Anonymous 30 December 2019 20: 30 New
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        Quote: 30hgsa
        And one more problem - for hitting an airplane, and especially a helicopter, enough heavy fragments are needed to penetrate deeply under the skin and hit important mechanisms.


        AHEAD analog shards pierced the BMP.
        1. 30hgsa 30 December 2019 20: 35 New
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          AHEAD this is shrapnel, and not OFS and not even OFS with ready-made striking elements.
      2. Star Destroyer 30 December 2019 21: 00 New
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        Quote: 30hgsa
        As a result, the same 23 mm OFS was considered (with a DIRECT hit) insufficiently effective against combat helicopters and armored attack aircraft and replaced with 30 mm

        The main problem 23 * 152 in the small firing range. At the same time, as practice, incl. of modern conflicts, a 23mm projectile in itself is a deadly threat to the entire spectrum of air targets it can fall into.
        1. antivirus 30 December 2019 21: 16 New
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          and everything leads to rotor lines — the level of development produces forces and production relations.
        2. Zaurbek 30 December 2019 21: 26 New
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          23mm how armor-piercing works well, and how RP bad
  4. KCA
    KCA 30 December 2019 18: 55 New
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    7-12 miniature tungsten shock nuclei of an indefinite geometric shape will fly along the path “like a bull pissed”, their hit on the target can be considered a win in the lottery 1024 out of 16384, well, it's just that the numbers are beautiful, but really, the chance is even less
    1. KCA
      KCA 30 December 2019 19: 44 New
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      It was recalled that somewhere in the 80s in our city, hunters were hired to shoot a raven in the winter, gathered like volunteer folk squads, and accompanied by police officers they were allowed to go around the city, they gave me either a cartridge or two, well and who will spend normal rounds on ravens, that’s what they equipped with “shock cores” from the scraps of the lead sheath of telephone cables, well, my father personally didn’t ask me to get lead, but 2 kilograms of lead from the cable was lying in the barn, I didn’t hide them, it was so interesting from the bed to hear this hunt, a shot, and then a whistle, ryo Yes what only sounds are not published cut with scissors or clippers lead pieces uncertain shape, but the tree with 15 meters, despite the fucking sound, enough to remove crow
  5. Undecim 30 December 2019 19: 33 New
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    The next innovation of the EAPS gun can be considered a cumulative-fragmentation warhead MEFP
    MEFP ammunition is not new. This technology was developed in the early 1980s.
    Actually, what is EFP (explosively formed projectile). The most correct translation is a shell formed by an explosion. Fundamentally, this is the same shaped-charge projectile, the metal liner of which has an opening angle of more than 100 degrees. The result is not a cumulative stream, but a metal impact core.

    In the photo above - the formation of the impact nucleus, below - the cumulative jet.
    1. Undecim 30 December 2019 19: 57 New
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      This is how the strike core “in metal” looks.
      The cumulative jet pierces the armor with a thickness of eight liner diameters and more.
      The impact core is much smaller. If the liner is copper - half the diameter of the liner, if tantalum - the diameter of the liner. However, for the effective action of the cumulative jet you need a strictly defined focal length, and the impact core is effective up to 100 meters.
      Having given the liner the appropriate shape, you can get not one, but several impact cores - MEFP.
      The novelty in this case is an attempt to combine the advantages of the cumulative jet and the impact core. This is what caused such a large length of ammunition, and this, in turn, affected its stability and made it necessary to move from stabilization by rotation to the use of plumage.
      1. Undecim 30 December 2019 20: 09 New
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        The Soviet anti-tank anti-aircraft mine TM-83 (1983) is a classic example of EFP ammunition. At a distance of 50 m penetrates 100 mm of armor.
      2. Nikolaevich I 31 December 2019 01: 48 New
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        Quote: Undecim
        eight diameters liner and more.

        Aren't these “liners” called names? what
        Quote: Undecim
        for the effective action of the cumulative jet you need a strictly defined focal length,

        If memory serves, then the maximum distance undermining the cumulative ammunition to the target does not exceed 1 meter ...
        Quote: Undecim
        Having given the liner the appropriate shape, you can get not one, but several impact cores - MEFP.

        As far as I remember, a special form for MEFP compared to EFP is not required. The EFP lining is covered with a special "mesh" or special "recesses" are formed on it ...
        Quote: Undecim
        shock core is effective up to 100 meters.

        Well, it depends on what "effect"! (By the way, the “strike core” of the Temp-20 FDA should hit a target of up to 150 m ...) And yet we have to agree ... the “nuclear strike” (EFP, PPS) ammunition (charges) have an even more interesting perspective ! The Americans are working on EFP ammunition capable of forming “feathered” penetrators of a certain (given) length and diameter! In appearance, they already resemble the armor-piercing cores of BOPS ...
        1. Undecim 31 December 2019 02: 50 New
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          Unless these "inserts" are called names facing. In English - liner. It is translated both as a facing and as an insert. When you write a comment using English-language literature, you sometimes miss such moments.
          If memory serves, then the maximum distance undermining the cumulative ammunition to the target does not exceed 1 meter ...
          In such cases, I don’t hope for memory, I trust more relevant literature.
          The distance from the cumulative charge to the obstacle at which the maximum penetration depth is reached is called the "focal length". It is determined by the design of the charge, the accuracy of its manufacture, as well as the characteristics of the barrier, in particular, its density. The focal length increases with an increase in the angle of the cumulative lining solution, an increase in the charge power BB, an increase in the density of the barrier material, and an accuracy in the manufacture of the cumulative charge.
          As far as I remember, a special form for MEFP compared to EFP is not required. The EFP lining is covered with a special "mesh" or special "recesses" are formed on it ...


          I wrote - "the appropriate form." Or you do not find differences in the form?
          1. Nikolaevich I 31 December 2019 06: 49 New
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            Quote: Undecim
            The distance from the cumulative charge to the obstacle at which the maximum penetration depth is reached is called the "focal length".

            Yes, I do not argue about this! Simply, in one NATO "military institute" they determined (including empirically ...) at what distance from the target the necessary (one or another) striking properties of the cumulative ammunition during the explosion thereof were preserved ...
            Quote: Undecim
            You do not find differences in the form?

            I find ... The first time I "a little" thought something wrong .. Happy New Year! hi
  6. Undecim 30 December 2019 20: 33 New
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    AHEAD anti-aircraft projectile (Advanced Hit Efficiency And Destruction - “increased hit and destruction efficiency”), exploding 152 finished tungsten cylinders, allows you to fight aircraft, UAVs and missiles at a distance of up to 4 km.
    AHEAD missile has several options with a different number of damaging elements to hit different targets.
    PMD062 - 152 finished striking elements of a cylindrical shape with a mass of 3,3 g and a diameter of 5,85 mm made of tungsten carbide.
    PMD330 - 407 striking elements weighing 1,24 g, stacked in 11 rows of 37 elements in each row.
    PMD375 - 860 cylindrical striking elements weighing 0,64 g.

    Holes in an aluminum shield 15 mm thick from 407 striking elements of 35 mm AHEAD ammunition.
    1. Private-K 1 January 2020 15: 36 New
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      AHEAD were developed back in the 90s, survived many upgrades and actually became the founder of a whole new class of shells

      Well, how many countries have adopted the miracle guns with such miraculous shells? How much is produced? The topic has already hit a quarter century ...
      “Midnight is moving, but Herman is still gone!” (A.S.P.)
      How many times I ask this question to supporters of shrapnel small-caliber but the answer is still no ...


      Holes in an aluminum shield 15 mm thick from 407 pcs. (1,24 grams) of the striking elements of the 35 mm AHEAD ammunition.

      What fears, horrors! Yes, such a projectile can be used so that the BTR M113 or BMD-1 is full of holes! But something doesn’t burst. I wonder why? Can someone fake reporting by creating ideal conditions that will never be in real life? Oh, exactly.
      1. Undecim 1 January 2020 18: 32 New
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        Well, how many countries have adopted the miracle guns with such miraculous shells?
        To start the appeal to the interlocutor with an interjection of “well” is a sign of bad taste, like writing a comment in the form of an incoherent stream of words and exclamations.
        Concerning "how many countries have adopted the miracle cannons with such miraculous shells?", then these cannons and shells are no longer a miracle and are in service even with such "powerful" countries as Venezuela or Indonesia in the form of ammunition for Millenium Gun 35mm guns, as well as South Africa (Denel 35mm Dual Purpose Gun).
        AHEAD shells are not intended toBTR M113 or BMD-1 hole". They are used for air defense and missile defense.
        For armored personnel carriers and infantry fighting vehicles used ammunition Oerlikon PMC287 with BPS, piercing at a distance of 2000 m 60 mm of armor.
        .
        1. Private-K 1 January 2020 22: 06 New
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          Well, how else to behave with such "enthusiastic teenagers"? laughing
          100500rd timehere and there, someone is laying out same sighs about small-caliber shrapnel shells. negative

          Do not make up or mislead. am None of the major powers more not took on MASS weapons small-caliber shrapnel shells. Neither the armament of the BMP, nor the armament of anti-aircraft gun mounts. At the maximum - small parties for experimental military operation.
          And this is almost over a quarter century enthusiastic sighs. For a quarter century !!!!!!! wassat

          Not for nothing that I said about armored vehicles. If AHEAD had real penetration of a 15 mm aluminum alloy, then BOPS would not be required. hi
          The real striking abilities of small-caliber shrapnel shells are WEAK and UNSUFFICIENT.
          The ammunition specified in the article without explosives that increases the speed of the GGE is just laughter and shame. Such GGEs may not even penetrate field uniforms even for 2-3 meters - winter is so accurate.
          Everything presented in the article is a finished and archived topic! They will no longer be implemented on any scale.
          And if something goes, it’s only for show-off (as with the Swedish 3P shell - 90% of the usual shells).
          FOR! Because small-caliber shrapnel shells with trajectory detonation: a) are too expensive and, at the same time, b) too low efficiency in real conditions other than forged-tuned landfills).

          ===
          Built on the highest technology, OBPS with a uranium core for a 35 mm gun can penetrate 60 mm of steel armor. Only this makes little sense.
          1. Undecim 1 January 2020 22: 37 New
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            Private-K!
            I did not answer your comment in order to convince you of anything, but solely in case someone else read your comment.
            By your first comment you could already see that you belong to a glorious cohort of couch experts, which is expanding and growing stronger thanks to the Internet. Good luck in your hard work.
            1. Private-K 2 January 2020 09: 47 New
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              Well, again: "And I like him!" (female)
              You have nothing to answer. For I say how it is, and you let the emotion.
        2. Private-K 1 January 2020 22: 31 New
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          And I ask you not to accept my negative assaults as a personal insult.
          I run over not on the personality of the commentator, but on his point of view.
    2. Evil Booth 1 January 2020 16: 26 New
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      15 mm aluminum is probably all 5 mm aluminum armor if n is less
  7. Operator 30 December 2019 20: 41 New
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    Quote: 30hgsa
    ellipse

    I agree - an elongated circle laughing
    1. 30hgsa 30 December 2019 21: 00 New
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      A square is an angular circle
  8. Star Destroyer 30 December 2019 21: 06 New
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    When we already have something “smart” in the cartridge 30 * 165 caliber will come up. Existing BT and OFZ for 30 years do not stand up to criticism and need to be replaced.
    1. Nikolaevich I 31 December 2019 02: 04 New
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      Quote: Star Destroyer
      When we already have something “smart” in the cartridge 30 * 165 caliber will come up.

      There are a lot of “smart” things in Russia invented ... but the obstacles are the same ... "habitual" (!) ... either dumb pennies, then "high ranks" do not like ... (There is such an interesting idea ... or ... the concept in "areas" of development of small-caliber adjustable shells: "lead-slave" ... "Lead" shell is not an explosive charge, but is equipped with a "decent" guidance and flight control system ... "Guided" shells, on the contrary, are equipped with explosives that hit elements, but they have a "simple" (cheap, compact ...) guidance system controlled by a "leading" projectile ...)
    2. Evil Booth 1 January 2020 16: 25 New
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      they do not withstand criticism of your personalities
  9. sen
    sen 31 December 2019 08: 28 New
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    Only here, with the help of encoded infrared signals, the grenade, which already managed to overcome 4 m from the muzzle in flight, is transmitted the time of detonation in air.

    And we have a similar laser system for shells.
    Interesting. Who borrowed from whom?
  10. Sergey79 31 December 2019 10: 05 New
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    There is a concept of the main affected element and the main damaging factor. It depends on the nature of the goal. Not always the main damaging factor - fragments. For example, in terms of manpower and firearms located hidden - overpressure in the front of an air shock wave. It depends on the power of the ammunition. And, as a rule, the larger the caliber, the more powerful the ammunition. For example, OF24 has a reduced area of ​​destruction of 38 square meters, and OF45 is already 60. Therefore, it is not worth writing off general-purpose shells ....
  11. IL-64 31 December 2019 11: 22 New
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    It would be interesting to learn about Russian counterparts
  12. Rocj 31 December 2019 12: 41 New
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    what they just do not come up with to kill humanity on earth (((
  13. kig
    kig 31 December 2019 15: 34 New
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    How much does such a shell cost?
  14. Basarev 31 December 2019 15: 51 New
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    And we, damn it, just crawling to the radio fuses of the Second World War.
  15. Protos 31 December 2019 20: 28 New
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    Golden shells lol
    Pay off only when protecting strategic objects from non-periodic short-range threats.
    1. Private-K 1 January 2020 15: 39 New
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      This is not known. For no one bothered to stock up on such miraculous complexes. And does not think.
    2. Passing 16 January 2020 22: 23 New
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      One shell replaces a line of shells. For marine anti-aircraft guns, the lineup consists of about a hundred or two shells. So even if it is diamond, then at the price of hitting a target, it may well be more profitable than a hundred simple shells.
  16. Evil Booth 1 January 2020 16: 22 New
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    headline photo stupid nonsense
  17. kultpost 5 January 2020 02: 44 New
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    Did I understand correctly that most of these “smart shells” replace a one-second volley of Shilka-type guns?
  18. bbss 3 March 2020 02: 18 New
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    "... you can punch 24-40 mm brick walls ...". And where did the author see such bricks? In doll houses, I guess.
  19. Diverter 12 March 2020 09: 39 New
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    War is money. And an economy with resources. I believe that such systems do not have a great future, because not all countries have huge reserves of tungsten, tantalum, molybdenum, and even copper. And those countries that have large reserves of such resources will find the best application for all this. Therefore, the PT mine installed by the soldier Brovkin, the “RPG-7” of Ivanov’s militia and the partisan / rebel Petrov’s Molotov cocktail will remain the primary means of warfare, which at the present stage will usually be fought in settlements. In non-populated areas, battles are fought by the Air Force. At first, everything is ironed from great heights, then it achieves from medium heights, then they clean the helicopters.
    Although for the protection / defense of your nuclear power plant, you can put such a device with smart / gold shells ....