Nikolay Moiseev. The tank battle master who went through the whole war

Nikolay Moiseev. The tank battle master who went through the whole war

Nikolay Dmitrievich Moiseev near his tank


Soviet tank aces. Very many information has remained about many Soviet tankmen who distinguished themselves during the years of World War II. One of these heroes is Nikolai Dmitrievich Moiseev, who went through the whole war and survived. The tanker is a recognized ace and master of tank combat, on whose account dozens of victories. At present, the life path of a tanker, whose fate is inextricably linked with the fate of the 1st Tank Brigade, which later became the 6th Guards, can be restored almost exclusively from award documents.

The pre-war life of Nikolai Moiseyev


Nikolai Dmitrievich Moiseev, the future master of tank battle, was born in 1916 at the station of Seltso, Bryansk district, Orel region. The exact date of birth of the hero is unknown. The column "social status" indicates - worker. Like millions of Soviet children, Nikolay Moiseev was educated and in 1937 voluntarily ended up in the armed forces. A mandatory draft for military service in the Soviet Union was introduced only on September 1, 1939. The award documents also indicate that Nikolay Moiseev is a military man.

It is known that Nikolai Dmitrievich graduated from an armored school, and after distribution he got into the 85th separate tank battalion, which was part of the 39th light tank brigade. The brigade, commanded in the future by the famous Soviet military leader Dmitry Lelyushenko, arrived in the Leningrad Military District at the end of November 1939. Since December 1939, the unit participated in the Soviet-Finnish War, operating on the Karelian Isthmus.


T-26 tank moves to the front on the Karelian Isthmus

In February 1940, the brigade fought with Finnish troops in the Muola - Oinil - Kurel region and in the Ilves region. By March 1940, tankers stormed the village of Honkaniemi. Prior to this, they had to overcome two lines of granite gouges, an anti-tank ditch, as well as 12 forest blockages with mines organized on the roads. Developing the advance of the Soviet troops, by the time the conflict ended, units of the 39th light tank brigade had reached Reppol. In battles, the brigade acted quite actively and competently, despite the fact that the main tank at that time was the T-26, which was easily hit by Finnish artillery. During the fighting, part of the brigade suffered moderate casualties: 65 killed and 117 wounded, another 13 people were reported missing. For participation in the battles on the Karelian Isthmus and the successes achieved, the brigade was awarded the Order of Lenin, four tankmen from the brigade became Heroes of the Soviet Union. Thus, even before the start of World War II, Nikolay Moiseev received valuable combat experience, which will be useful to him in the future.

The beginning of World War II and the first awards


By the time the Great Patriotic War began, Nikolay Moiseev was a member of the 34th Panzer Division of the Kiev Special Military District. The division was a new formation. It was formed only in the spring of 1941 as part of the 8th mechanized corps instead of the 16th tank division that had fallen into the structure of the 15th mechanized corps being formed. Together with the corps, the division was part of the 26th army of the district, which on the first day of the war became the Southwestern Front. It is noteworthy that the 34th Panzer Division was armed with 48 T-35 heavy tanks. At the same time, there were not enough new tanks in the division; before the war, tankers managed to get 50 T-34s and 53 heavy KV-1 tanks.

On June 25-26, parts of the division were included in the mobile group of the 8th mechanized corps, led by Brigadier Commissar Popel. On June 26 and 27, 1941, the division participated in a counterattack of Soviet troops in the Lutsk-Brody-Dubno triangle, fighting with units of the 16th German Panzer Division of the 48th Motorized Corps. The battles were very intense and fierce, but only led to the private success of the Soviet tankmen. On June 28, the division commander Colonel Vasiliev died in battle, and by the end of June, the division’s units were surrounded, but continued to conduct combat operations on the communications of the German 1st Panzer Group, interfering with the normal supply of the Hitler units that had escaped ahead. The remnants of the division were able to get out of the encirclement, but the losses in the material part were very significant. By August 15, the division was finally disbanded, surviving soldiers and commanders were sent to form new tank units.


KV-1 heavy tank attacks the enemy

So Nikolay Moiseev was included in the 1st tank brigade, which by mid-September had finished forming in the area of ​​Kosterovo station in the Moscow region. The personnel was mainly staffed by tankers of the 32nd and 34th Panzer Divisions, who already had real combat experience behind them. As part of this brigade for fighting in the Shepetivka region in late September - early October 1941, Nikolay Moiseev was presented to the first military award - the Order of the Red Star. In these battles led by Belov’s horse-mechanized group, the 2nd-rank quartermaster (corresponding to the rank of lieutenant) Nikolay Moiseev commanded the KV-1 heavy tank as part of the 1st tank regiment of his brigade.

The award sheet noted that Moses at least 10 times led his tank in the attack, showing courage and determination in battle. During the fighting, he proved himself an initiative commander. Despite the superiority of the enemy, in a battle in the Shepetivka region on the territory of Sumy Region, he boldly went on the attack, destroying 2 enemy tanks, 5 anti-tank guns, and also several machine guns before the enemy infantry platoon. Having broken through the line of defense of German troops, the KV-1 tank, which was controlled by Moiseyev, went to the rear of the Nazis and forced the enemy to retreat. During the retreat, the Germans left five transport vehicles with various military equipment and ammunition on the battlefield. In this battle, Nikolai Dmitrievich was wounded.

Later, along with units of the 1st Tank Brigade, he participated in battles in the Kursk direction in December 1941, as well as in the Kharkov direction in March 1942. In these battles he was wounded twice - on December 21, 1941 and March 27, 1942, but returned to duty again. In battles in the Kharkov region in March 1942, Moiseyev again distinguished himself, for which the command represented him to the rank of Hero of the Soviet Union, but as a result of the tankman he was awarded the Order of Lenin. By that time, Senior Lieutenant Nikolai Moiseev commanded a company of tanks in the brigade, which in February became the 6th Guards Tank. The command highly appreciated the personnel military, behind which there was the Soviet-Finnish war and heavy fighting in the summer of 1941. The brigade command noted that Nikolai Dmitrievich perfectly organizes the fighting of his unit, shows personal heroism, which inspires the commanders and the rank and file of his company. It was also emphasized that Senior Lieutenant Moiseyev pays great attention to working with personnel, studying the experience of past battles and the issues of saving the entrusted material part.


Nikolay Dmitrievich Moiseev in the tower of his tank

The award documents of the hero indicated that on March 24, 1942, the company of Moiseyev successfully repelled an enemy tank attack in the area of ​​the village of Rubezhnoye, Kharkov region. As a result of the battle, in which the tankers of the 6th Guards Tank Brigade launched a counterattack, they managed to knock down 9 enemy tanks and destroy the enemy infantry battalion. Leading the battle of his company, senior lieutenant Nikolai Moiseev from his tank knocked out three enemy tanks. The next time the officer distinguished himself on March 26, when he led the tankers of his company to attack the enemy fortified area, located in the area of ​​the village of Zamulevka, Kharkov region. Having repelled an enemy tank counterattack during the battle, the company took possession of the village. In total, in the battle, Soviet tank crews managed to knock down 5 fascist tanks, of which two Moses with his crew recorded at his own expense.

From Stalingrad to Crimea


During the fighting in the area of ​​crossings over the Don, the 6th Guards Tank Brigade suffered serious losses in tanks and personnel and was sent to the rear for replenishment. The brigade was replenished with military equipment directly in Stalingrad, receiving new tanks directly from the Stalingrad tank factory, the personnel was partially taken from the Stalingrad training armored center. By August 1, the brigade managed to be brought up to full strength, after which reconstitution units were assembled at a fairly fast pace. As part of the 13th tank corps, the brigade took part in the battle at the junction 74th kilometer. The fighting at this small town in August 1942 was very fierce and played a big role in the defense of the city. During these battles, many Soviet tankers were presented to government awards, some of them became Heroes of the Soviet Union, and Nikolai Moiseev was presented to the Order of the Red Banner.

The award documents indicated that the captain Nikolai Moiseev, the deputy commander of the 1st separate tank battalion, took part in the battle for the 6th kilometer detachment on August 74, which was occupied by the enemy with a force of up to 70 tanks and a motorized infantry battalion. The battalion received orders to drive the Germans from the territory of the crossing. Already during the battle, the battalion commander was wounded and Nikolai Moiseev took command. Under his leadership, the Germans managed to drive out of the village. In this case, the enemy suffered serious losses. The documents indicate that the enemy lost more than 30 tanks, more than 14 different guns, 9 vehicles and up to the infantry battalion. The losses of the Moiseyev battalion in these battles amounted to 12 tanks that were burned down and three vehicles were wrecked.


German tanks hit by the 6th Guards Tank Brigade, August 1942



German tanks hit by the 6th Guards Tank Brigade, August 1942

By October 1942, the brigade had lost almost all of its tanks, and by that time almost 80 percent of the personnel in its motorized rifle battalion had retired, and almost all company commanders had also retired. In this regard, the brigade was again withdrawn from the front to replenish, this time a part was replenished by graduates of the Kazan Tank School and Astrakhan workers. Subsequently, the brigade, which was part of the Southern Front, took part in the battles near Syantsik and as part of the 28th army took part in the liberation from the Nazis of Rostov-on-Don, fought on the northern coast of the Sea of ​​Azov and near Taganrog.

In the spring of 1944, brigade units took part in the liberation of Crimea. For these battles already guards Major Nikolai Dmitrievich Moiseev, who commanded a tank battalion, was awarded the Order of Suvorov 3rd degree. The award documents for the officer, who at that time already had five battle wounds, indicated that Moiseyev was a competent commander, inspiring fighters with personal courage. It was noted that this is a decisive and courageous commander who is able to quickly and correctly assess the situation in the battle, making the right decisions. In April, his battalion succeeded in a deep raid behind enemy lines for 200 kilometers. On April 11, 1944, the Moiseev’s battalion, breaking through the German defenses, rushed into the breach and captured two railway trains and 250 prisoners in the area of ​​Chirik station. In battles, the battalion destroyed 10 artillery pieces, 38 vehicles, 82 carts with military cargo, 6 machine guns. With the battles, the tank battalion first burst into the city of Simferopol, and then into Bakhchisaray. At the same time, the battalion suffered minor losses in battles.

After the fighting in Crimea died down and Soviet troops occupied Sevastopol, in May 1944 the 6th Guards Tank Brigade was withdrawn from the front to the reserve of the Supreme Command. The brigade is located in the Tula tank military camp. By order of the end of August 1944, the brigade was officially transformed into the Sivash Tank School of Guards. It was here that the military career of the Guard of Lieutenant Colonel Nikolai Dmitrievich Moiseev ended, who at the final stage of the Great Patriotic War passed his knowledge and experience to the cadets. After the war, the officer continued his service for some time, teaching the basics of tank combat, but then was transferred to the reserve. Perhaps the decision to leave the service was dictated by numerous frontal wounds.


T-34 tank on the streets of liberated Sevastopol

Unfortunately, the further fate of the hero is unknown, and his life path is lost. In the magazine “Front-line illustration” No. 2 for 2006, Smirnov’s article stated that Nikolay Moiseyev had 31 wrecked tanks on the account of the enemy, in reality there could have been more wrecked and destroyed tanks in the battle, and the hero’s personal account could have exceeded 40 tanks , but to establish this reliably is not possible. With full confidence, we can only say that Nikolai Dmitrievich was a brave and outstanding Soviet tank commander who went through the entire Great Patriotic War and always returned to duty, despite his injuries. For his feats of arms, he was awarded numerous state orders and medals.
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  1. Vladimir_2U 27 December 2019 05: 56 New
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    Thanks to Nikolai Dmitrievich Moiseev, and those like him, for the Victory!
    1. Siberia 75 27 December 2019 08: 26 New
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      . In the magazine "Front-line illustration" No. 2 for 2006, Smirnov's article indicated that Nikolay Moiseev had 31 enemy tanks wrecked

      The Germans "drew" their tankers of 100-150 or more;
      Like the pilots. That's who the masters of art whistle.
  2. igordok 27 December 2019 06: 23 New
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    In the photographs, Nikolai Dmitrievich was photographed against the background of his T-34. Unfortunately, the article mentions only cases of fighting on the KV-1. And fighting on medium tanks is much more difficult.

    Guard Captain N.D. Moiseev at his T-34 tank, Southwestern Front, July 1942.
    The Soviet tank battle master Nikolai Moiseev began to fight even with the Soviet-Finnish, and participated in the Great Patriotic War from its first day. In a tank battle for the village of Shtepovka, Sumy Region, on September 23, 1941, the T-34 Moiseev’s crew bypassed the enemy from the rear and decided the outcome of the battle, destroying 2 medium tanks and 5 anti-tank guns. The Germans fled, leaving 5 transport vehicles with ammunition and equipment. In March 1942, in the area of ​​the village of Rubezhnoye, Kharkov Region, a swift counterattack by a company of Soviet tankmen brought victory - the enemy lost 9 tanks to the infantry battalion. Then there were battles near Stalingrad, where the 6th Guards Tank Brigade lost all tanks and 80% of the personnel of the motorized rifle battalion, battles near the Sea of ​​Azov and Perekop, and the storming of Sevastopol. As of July 1942, a tank ace had 31 enemy tanks destroyed, 29 guns, and 24 machine guns in his personal account.

    Photo unfortunately "mirror", but in RuNet it is just that. sad
    1. igordok 27 December 2019 06: 45 New
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      Sorry, confused. Which of the photos is mirrored?
      The Order of the Red Star is worn on the right side, as in the photo from the article. But the periscope on the tower was installed on the left side, and not as in the photo.
      1. Vladimir_2U 27 December 2019 07: 09 New
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        An additional sight or panorama is sometimes installed.
      2. evgen1221 28 December 2019 13: 16 New
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        This is the Internet and re-uploading photos - very often mirrored photos are poured. And the trolls and hook-makers eagerly then begin to compass the brain, clinging to an insignificant detail, moreover, perfectly understanding that they are carrying a blizzard, but from the principle of a woman, yagi carry out the brain with the tenacity of a woodpecker.
    2. valdissumy 27 December 2019 20: 25 New
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      The battle for the village of Shtepovka took place from September 29 to October 1, 1941.
  3. rocket757 27 December 2019 06: 35 New
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    Just Heroes, just a soldier defending his homeland in a dashing year.
    Glory! We will always remember!
  4. Vladimir_2U 27 December 2019 07: 08 New
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    "Nikolai Dmitrievich Moiseev in the tower of his tank" Judging by the photo, the hero’s tank is equipped with an additional sight or commander’s panorama, without reservation, not all T-34 tanks of earlier releases were equipped like this.
    1. hohol95 27 December 2019 08: 14 New
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      Most likely the machine was manufactured in October 1941 by KhPZ!
      Medium tank T-34-76. The first year of the war (I. Moshchansky)
      1. Vladimir_2U 27 December 2019 08: 16 New
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        Yes, in full growth.
        1. hohol95 27 December 2019 08: 22 New
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          I. B. Moshchansky has 3 books on the T-34. T-34-76 The first year of the war; T-34-76 The weapon of our VICTORY and T-34-85 The second birth of the machine (the first T-34-85 with the D-5T gun)!
          1. Vladimir_2U 27 December 2019 08: 31 New
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            Thank you, and then just about the second sight scoured. but I can’t shovel books in paper anymore;
            1. hohol95 27 December 2019 08: 41 New
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              Nonsense! There was also a selection of numbers of Front-line Illustrations for T-34 production of different years and factories!
      2. igordok 27 December 2019 14: 45 New
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        By the "bulge" on the hatch, it is clear that the hatches are symmetrical. So one of the photos is mirrored. Most likely where Nikolai Dmitrievich is on the tower. In the photo, where he stands in front of the tank, the headlight mount and hook, as it should be on the left side of the mechanic's hatch. It turns out that Nikolai Dmitrievich put the order on the left side, and only then the photojournalist edited the photo.
        1. Vladimir_2U 27 December 2019 17: 13 New
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          By the way, you did well, of course you set the second panoramas, but in this case the photo is mirrored, because the hole in the manhole cover is only on the left, judging by the drawings of different towers.
        2. Serg koma 29 December 2019 19: 52 New
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          Quote: igordok
          The Order of the Red Star is worn on the right side,

          Quote: igordok
          It turns out that Nikolai Dmitrievich put on the order on the left side,

          "Put on" correctly, according to the "Rules of wearing (in general, orders are not worn - but it is, by the way). The Order of the Red Star was established by the Decree of the Presidium of the USSR Central Executive Committee of April 6, 1930. The statute of the order was established by the Decree of the Presidium of the Central Executive Committee of the USSR of May 5, 1930 .
          Wearing the Order of the Red Star on the left side of the chest. Since 1943 (Order of the NPO of the USSR
          dated June 21, 1943 N 240), the award was supposed to be worn on the right side of the chest (pin-mounted order). The orders on the block are the left side.
          First Knight of the Order of the "Red Star" (No. 1) Vasily Konstantinovich Blucher.
    2. BAI
      BAI 27 December 2019 09: 55 New
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      Here, in profile, unfortunately, is poorly visible.

      1. Vladimir_2U 27 December 2019 09: 57 New
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        In the profile of the eye, the person is poorly visible.)) The UZTM tower was first observed, well, or forgotten. And, damn it, I did not recognize the stamped one, I remembered everything.
        1. hohol95 27 December 2019 12: 45 New
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          At the STZ in place of the PT-K, an observation device from the T-60 was sometimes mounted!
      2. BAI
        BAI 27 December 2019 10: 05 New
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        The picture is most likely not complete. There is no model with characteristic boxes on board. I myself have seen such a tank alive.

  5. bubalik 27 December 2019 11: 21 New
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    During these battles, many Soviet tankers were presented to government awards, some of them became Heroes of the Soviet Union

    Andreev Nikolay Rodionovich.on the battle account of Andreev 27 destroyed tanks (one of them - a ram) /
    During the attack, N.R. Andreev on his T-34 tank was the first to break into the 74th kilometer detour and collided with a column of German tanks of 20 vehicles. Not bewildered, at high speed he sent his tank and two tanks of his platoon to the enemy and entered the battle. Having deployed his tank along the enemy column, he shot it point-blank from the cannon. In this battle, his crew destroyed 5 tanks, knocked out 2 tanks and destroyed 2 guns. The tank of the platoon commander received injuries that were repaired by the crew, N.R. Andreev himself was shell-shocked.
  6. Vitaly Tsymbal 27 December 2019 11: 52 New
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    One should not forget about such people, unfortunately even on the ground, participants of the Second World War begin to forget - not only is this person a private soldier of the Second World War, but how and by whom he fought in the war, for which he was awarded ... In rural schools they still talk about fellow countrymen but in cities - the concept of a fellow countryman and a front-line soldier is vague. It’s good that most of the students know and remember about their direct ancestors of the Great Patriotic War.
  7. DWG1905 27 December 2019 13: 21 New
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    Thanks for the article, you can try to establish the post-war fate according to the pension accounting, they probably gave the pension. Photo mirror, judging by the hatch. For information, the hatch cover is 16 mm thick, drawing 34.30.010-4 from 28.01.1941/183/41. Release machine or 41 plant or STZ. The Periscope Sight was originally one on the left in flight. In 25.08.41, they added another one on the right, in the fall of 34 they stopped putting the right one, due to a shortage. The hole was closed with a plug. Judging by the welding of the hinge to the manhole cover, the exhaust machine after XNUMX when they changed the loop fastening from bolts to welding. Yes, and on a solid site to refer to children's books about the T is not correct.
  8. Storekeeper 27 December 2019 16: 31 New
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    As a child I read about pioneers of heroes, and now about tankers of heroes !!! Thanks to the author! We must not forget about our heroes !!! As long as we remember them they are alive!
  9. Looking for 27 December 2019 18: 04 New
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    Here's such a. It is life. Someone in peacetime is promoted to general of the army. And someone has thrown. Sunk into obscurity.
  10. Sergey79 27 December 2019 18: 09 New
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    I am pleased to read articles in this series. Thanks to the author
  11. valdissumy 27 December 2019 20: 53 New
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    Thanks to the author for the article.
    I would like to clarify. The city of Shepetovka in the Khmelnytsky region was captured by German troops on July 5, 1941, and the article tells about the battle for the village of Shtepovka in the Lebedinsky district of the Sumy region September 29 - October 1, 1941. In this battle, tankers of the 1st Tank Brigade and cavalry of General Belov not only stopped the German attack, but also recaptured Shtepovka and 20 neighboring settlements. The attempt of a German attack on Sumy through the Shtepovka was reflected. For this battle, two tankmen T.M.Shashlo and M.P. Krivorotov were awarded the title Heroes of the Soviet Union.