Makhmut Akhmetovich Gareev. Red Army officer, officer, general and scientist

Makhmut Akhmetovich Gareev. Red Army officer, officer, general and scientist

Lieutenant Gareev after college, 1941. Photo "Red Star" / redstar.ru


On December 25, Army General Makhmut Akhmetovich Gareev died on the 97th year of his life. For half a century of service, he has gone from a simple Red Army to deputy chief of the General Staff. Together with the performance of his main duties, M.A. Gareev studied the domestic military stories and reflection on the experience of armed conflict.

Red Army volunteer


The future general was born on July 23, 1923 in Chelyabinsk, in a Tatar family of a worker and a housewife. For various reasons, young Mahmut had to change several schools, and then he entered the Leninabad Cooperative College. Also in Leninabad, he got into the orchestra of the local cavalry regiment - we can assume that this was the beginning of the military career of the future general.

In 1939, M. Gareev volunteered for the Red Army and soon entered the Tashkent Infantry School. Lenin. In November 1941, junior lieutenant Gareev after school receives his first post - platoon commander in the 99th separate rifle brigade. Later he will be promoted to company commander. The team was responsible for the acquisition of spare parts, and ml. Lieutenant Gareev participated in the preparation of future front-line soldiers.

In early 1942, Gareev was sent to the Shot courses. After their graduation, in June he received the rank of lieutenant and appointment to the Western Front. The rifle company commander took part in various battles and set a good example for his subordinates. So, in August, Lieutenant Gareev was first wounded - but continued to command the attack. Good training and personal qualities ensured the lieutenant's career growth. In 1942-43 M. Gareev replaced the positions of company commander, battalion and operational unit of the brigade headquarters.


Colonel Gareev (second from left) during exercises, 1955. Photo "Red Star" / redstar.ru

In the second half of 1944, an experienced officer M. Gareev began serving at the headquarters of the 45th Rifle Corps. With this compound, he participates in the liberation of the Smolensk region and Belarus, and also storms Koenigsberg. Already during this period, Gareev comes up with new proposals in the field of tactics of warfare, and such ideas are used in practice.

In February 1945, when the Red Army was preparing to finish off the enemy in its lair, M. Gareev was appointed to the post of senior officer in the operational department of the headquarters of the 5th Army and sent to the Far East. He will participate in the preparation of the Manchu operation. The war for him will end only after defeating Japan. By this time, 22-year-old M. Gareev was already a major and had six military awards.

Theorist and historian


After the war, M.A. Gareev continued to serve in the Far East. In the same period, he happened to visit China and participate in the construction of the People's Liberation Army. In 1950, he graduated with a gold medal from the Military Academy. Frunze, which opened the way for him to new appointments. In November of the same year, Lieutenant Colonel Gareev arrived in the Belarusian Military District. Service in the BVI began with the post of chief of staff of a motorized rifle regiment.

The officer’s knowledge, skills, experience and personal qualities to a certain extent strengthened the defense in a strategic direction. M. Gareev made every effort to train his subordinates. In addition, by this time he was seriously engaged in analyzing the experience of past battles and began to formulate recommendations to the troops for use in various situations. In the same period, the officer undertakes historical research.


M.A. Gareev at a reception with the President of Russia, 2013. Photo by AP AP / kremlin.ru

In the late fifties M. Gareev was trained at the General Staff Military Academy and immediately began to use new knowledge. In the sixties, being the commander of the 45th training tank BVO divisions, General Gareev and his colleagues developed and implemented a system for training troops using elements of the so-called programmed learning. Later, such methods, which provided an increase in the effectiveness of training, began to be implemented everywhere.

The general played an important role in the development of military-historical science. It was M. Gareev who initiated the full-scale study of the Manchurian operation, including in order to use the gained combat experience. Later he dealt with other topics in the context of armed conflicts of the XX century. The main theme at the same time remained the Great Patriotic War.

Commanders and Headquarters


In 1970, Gareev from Belarus went to Egypt, where he held the post of chief of staff of the chief military adviser. The following year, he was transferred to the Ural Military District and appointed chief of staff. In 1974, an experienced military leader was transferred to Moscow, where he received a new opportunity to use his knowledge and skills. In addition, there are wider opportunities for historical and theoretical work.

Since 1974 M.A. Gareev serves as head of the Military Scientific Directorate of the General Staff, and later becomes deputy chief of the Main Operational Directorate of the General Staff. In 1984, a new appointment - Deputy Chief of the General Staff of the Armed Forces of the USSR.


Inspector General of the Ministry of Defense, 2013 Photo by the Ministry of Defense of the Russian Federation / mil.ru

In these positions, an experienced military leader dealt with a wide range of issues in the field of further development of the armed forces and improving defense capability. Under him, all the basic questions of military construction were studied and new programs of this kind were worked out. A significant part of the ideas and concepts of that time still lies at the heart of our armed forces.

In 1989, Colonel General Gareev again sent abroad. The operational group of the USSR Ministry of Defense, headed by him, worked in Afghanistan under the administration of Mohammad Najibullah until the fall of 1990. The task force helped the Afghan army plan and conduct various operations. At the same time, officers and generals were exposed to risks: there were several attempts.

Army General M.A. Gareev resigned in 1992. In recent years, he served as military adviser to the Inspector of the Group of Inspectors General of the USSR Ministry of Defense. In retirement, Gareev continued his scientific work in all major areas. In 2008, the Office of the Inspector General was organized under the Ministry of Defense. The group of inspectors general included 30 honored military leaders, including Army General Gareev.

Scientist and academician


In 1995, the Academy of Military Sciences was formed. General Gareev was elected its president, and he held this post for the rest of his life. The creation of the AVN ensured the continuation of numerous studies in the field of history and military theory. Now the Academy is collaborating with various state and private defense organizations and is making a certain contribution to ensuring defense capability.


Defense Minister S. Shoigu awards M. Gareev with the Order of Alexander Nevsky, 2018 Photo by the Ministry of Defense of the Russian Federation / mil.ru

Both during the service and retired M.A. Gareev was engaged in scientific activities. For half a century, he has prepared about a hundred scientific papers on various topics, as well as more than 300 publications in specialized publications. His main works were devoted to the history and features of the combat operations of the Civil and Great Patriotic War, as well as to some other conflicts. In these works, many documents were introduced into scientific circulation.

In recent years, M.A. Gareev was actively engaged in the fight against the falsification of history. Attempts to revise the course and results of World War II pose a great danger, and AVN, led by its president, took the necessary measures to educate the population and refute various myths.

Prominent military leader


Makhmut Akhmetovich Gareev served in the Red, Soviet and Russian Army for more than half a century and has come a long way - from the Red Army to the Deputy Chief of the General Staff. And even after retiring, he continued to work and helped build the army. Over the years of service, the general was awarded many state awards - among them were the Order of Lenin, four orders of the Battle Red Banner and one Labor Red Banner.

The theoretical and scientific work of the officer, and then General Gareev, made a significant contribution to the development of the armed forces and Russian history. The value of these works and their significance for our army can hardly be overestimated.

December 25 M.A. Gareev passed away, and Russian military science lost its leading specialist in a number of key areas. However, numerous works and the memory of an outstanding military leader and scientist remain with us.
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  1. Dmitry Potapov 27 December 2019 06: 02 New
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    Bright memory! The old guard is leaving! If I’m not mistaken, Shamil Gareev, nephew of Makhmut Akhmetovich, followed in the footsteps of his uncle, and commands a special forces detachment of the Armed Forces of Uzbekistan.
  2. heavy division 27 December 2019 06: 25 New
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    We know each other personally. Outstanding person! In all senses.
    Eternal memory and the kingdom of heaven
  3. Alexander Trebuntsev 27 December 2019 06: 29 New
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    The last great people are leaving.
    1. cradle 28 December 2019 02: 25 New
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      has begun ... the last ... are leaving ... the others will be.
  4. rocket757 27 December 2019 06: 32 New
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    Real PEOPLE leave, the era of great achievements will leave with them ... if we do not remember and continue their work.
    1. neri73-r 27 December 2019 09: 23 New
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      Quote: rocket757
      Real PEOPLE leave, the era of great achievements will leave with them ... if we do not remember and continue their work.

      Unfortunately, our young generation does not know anything about these people and their affairs. The horizons of more than half of young people are zero, and the state is not even trying to expand it in the right direction. Anyone is engaged in youth, but not our state.
      1. rocket757 27 December 2019 10: 19 New
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        Quote: neri73-r
        Anyone is engaged in youth, but not our state.

        If you tell them, then they perceive everything normally.
        The young brain is plastic, you just need to lay the necessary information there ...
        This business should not be let go of its own accord.
    2. Reptiloid 27 December 2019 12: 13 New
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      Quote: rocket757
      Real PEOPLE leave, the era of great achievements will leave with them ... if we do not remember and continue their work.

      I heard on tv early yesterday morning. Very sorry. I would like Veterans to live longer.
      They are the Generation of Winners. Witnesses and participants in the Victory and Greatness of the USSR.
      1. rocket757 27 December 2019 12: 28 New
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        Hi Dmitry soldier
        His best memory will be if we continue their work and teach the children that.
        Any power is not forever, but the PEOPLE always remains!
        1. Reptiloid 28 December 2019 02: 36 New
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          Quote: rocket757
          Hi Dmitry soldier
          His best memory will be if we continue their work and teach the children that.
          Any power is not forever, but the PEOPLE always remains!
          good
          Good day, Victor! That's it. This is only the current okhalivanie achievements of the USSR, or silence, or outright lies pursue the opposite goal. Yes, and the school curriculum too
  5. Olgovich 27 December 2019 06: 59 New
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    Happy man: lived a rich life, fully realized, served the country and was appreciated by it, raised children, lived to see great-grandchildren.
  6. Karen 27 December 2019 08: 34 New
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    Bright memory!!!
  7. Pane Kohanku 27 December 2019 09: 17 New
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    Blessed memory ... It is unfortunate that such worthy people leave, and he was just a man with a capital letter. I would very much like his noble work to preserve history to be continued.
  8. Smoke 27 December 2019 10: 37 New
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    last grandfathers leave ... bright memory!

    ps there are fears that the very continuity of the spirit of the victors in the army with the departure of these grandfathers will disappear
  9. Andrei from Chelyabinsk 27 December 2019 10: 39 New
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    Bright memory! Of course, no one is eternal, but it is still very unfortunate when such people leave us. My condolences to family and friends. We grieve with you
  10. Slavutich 27 December 2019 11: 12 New
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    People of the great era, heroes
  11. Oleg Kolsky 051 27 December 2019 15: 54 New
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    Another One of the Great generation has left. I remember how the General of the Army Gareev in 2005. before Victory Day live, during a conversation about losses, he put Sokolov B. in his place. When he brought to the people his fantasies about losses. Then Boriska, as usual, gathered his eyes together, threw out his tongue and sat in silence, there were no arguments ...
    It’s a pity that there are fewer people left, like Gareev, who can answer, clearly and reasonably, to all the enemies like Boriska who pour their poison into people's ears. Give an antidote, so to speak.
    Rest in peace.
  12. ABM
    ABM 27 December 2019 17: 12 New
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    what kind of uniform is Shoigu :(
    the sleeve is short, still shorts, apparently :(
    Soviet uniform looks much more solid
  13. Looking for 27 December 2019 17: 58 New
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    Outstanding military leaders died in 50-60. After that, only zealous and conscientious staffers remained.
    1. Oleg Kolsky 051 27 December 2019 20: 08 New
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      Marshal Konev died in 1973.
      Marshal Zhukov-1974
      Marshal Vasilevsky died at the end of 1977.
      General Katukov-1976
      Marshal Baghramyan in 1983 Etc.
      So, before you write a dirty trick, take an interest in the internet.
      1. ABM
        ABM 27 December 2019 20: 52 New
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        Marshal Katukov
    2. Seal 29 December 2019 17: 39 New
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      You probably forgot that:
      1900-1910 - the tenth years (years of the first ten of the new century)
      1910-1920 - twenties (years of the second ten of the new century)
      1920-1930 - thirties
      1930-1940 - forties
      1940-1950 - fifties
      1950-1960 - sixties
      1. Sergej1972 30 December 2019 13: 57 New
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        1900-1910 - the first years of the 20th century (years of the first ten of the new century)
        1910-1920 - the tenth years (years of the second ten of the new century)
        1920-1930 - twenties
        1930-1940 - the thirties. Etc. That's right.
        1. Seal 8 January 2020 16: 59 New
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          It was you who invented something from yourself. Years count as dozens. Immediately after the birth of a person, the first a dozen years old. As soon as a person is 10 years old, he begins to go second ten years. As soon as a person turns 20 years old - he begins to go third ten years.
          1. Sergej1972 8 January 2020 22: 33 New
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            Have you ever heard about the period of the Great Patriotic War they said that it was in the thirties? Or that the repression of 1937-1938. were in your twenties?
          2. Sergej1972 8 January 2020 23: 24 New
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            More precisely, the year 1900 is the last year of the tenth decade of the 19th century, but at the same time the first year of the 1900s. 1901 is the first year of the first decade of the 20th century and at the same time the second year of the 1900s. 1911 is the first year of the second decade of the 20th century, but the second year of the 1910s (or simply tenths) of the 20th century. Etc. 1930 is the last year of the third decade and the first year of the thirties. The current year 2020 is the last year of the second decade of the 21st century, but the first year of the twenties of the 21st century.
            The Great Patriotic War of 1941-1945 occurred in the 40s. 20th century, BUT in the fifth decade of the 20th century. The 20th Congress of the CPSU was held in the sixth decade of the 20th century, but in the fifties of the 20th century.
            By the way, a person begins to go the third dozen years, as soon as he turns 20, not 21. And the second ten years begins with 11 years.
  14. gunnerminer 27 December 2019 19: 03 New
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    The old guard is leaving.
  15. Den717 28 December 2019 22: 31 New
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    As befits an obituary, the deceased is either good or silent ..... Therefore, Makhmud Gareev is eternal memory and land in peace. I would like to ask a sacramental question. What is the role of the institute of military history in the fact that today youth, as they say in comments, is not a single foot in history? Whom do we read today? Isaev, Zamulin, Khazanov, Kolomiets .... Where are the students of the Institute of Military History represented? Why are there tons of lies from corned beef, cutter and the like on store shelves? Who will answer?
  16. VS
    VS 30 December 2019 09: 32 New
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    At the same time - the main falsifier - about the reasons for the tragedy of the outbreak of the war - Stalin was to blame for everything (((But in 1995 he wrote a work (maybe someone smart could write?) - about the pre-war plans of NGOs and the General Staff and it was completely shown there that they really fooled these plans are our strategists ((Which led to the tragedy of the beginning of the war - to our defeats at the beginning of the war (((
  17. VS
    VS 30 December 2019 09: 33 New
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    Quote: Den717
    As befits an obituary, the deceased is either good or silent .....

    About the dead or good or - the TRUTH!
  18. VS
    VS 30 December 2019 09: 38 New
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    Quote: Den717
    sacramental question. What is the role of the institute of military history in the fact that today youth, as they say in comments, is not a single foot in history? Whom do we read today? Isaev, Zamulin, Khazanov, Kolomiets .... Where are the students of the Institute of Military History represented? Why are there tons of lies from corned beef, cutter and the like on store shelves? Who will answer?

    Well, Isaev is just very notoriously falsified, he trades - about the reasons for the tragedy of the outbreak of the war, especially the complete nonsense gives out))) But in the IVI they already took him - thanks to Morozov ...
    Well, the IVISHs themselves will not write ANYTHING without a team. )) Daines there one for all takes off)))
    But - it was VNU GSh and some specialists from IVI who did a gorgeous job in 1992 - "1941 - lessons and conclusions" - as the ANSWER to Rezun’s nonsense and THIS work is the best that today is on the causes of the tragedy of the outbreak of war ..)) )
  19. karabas86 30 December 2019 21: 57 New
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    His grandson, a rare bastard, studied with us.
  20. Seal 9 January 2020 08: 53 New
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    Quote: Sergej1972
    By the way, a person begins to go the third dozen years, as soon as he turns 20, not 21. And the second ten years begins with 11 years.
    And the first ten, in your opinion, comes only when the child is 1 year old? laughing laughing