"Hero" in the army. Expected results


The first prototype launcher 50P6A in 2013


The Russian defense industry, represented by the Almaz-Antey Concern, delivered the first set of advanced anti-aircraft missile system S-350 Vityaz to the army. As planned, the air defense system was handed over to the troops before the end of the year and should soon go into operation. In addition, soon the armies will be given new “Vityaz” kits, which will allow starting the rearmament of the corresponding units of the air defense missile defense.

First set


On December 23, the press service of the Concern East Kazakhstan Almaz-Antey announced the latest developments in the context of the S-350 project. On the eve of the Kapustin Yar training ground in the Astrakhan region, all the necessary measures were taken that preceded the delivery of the finished model of air defense systems. The army and industry jointly conducted acceptance tests, during which the S-350 successfully demonstrated its capabilities.

After that, the ceremony of transferring the system took place. In a festive atmosphere, representatives of departments signed an acceptance certificate. This event puts an end to one step. stories “Knight” and gives the start to the next.

Earlier this year, it was reported that the first set of new type of air defense systems is intended for the preparation of calculations that will work on serial equipment. The first operator of the “Vityaz” will be the Training Center of the VKS anti-aircraft missile forces in the Leningrad Region.

The training center will receive and master new equipment. At the same time, the Almaz-Antey Concern will continue mass production of promising air defense systems. In the future, this technique will be supplied to the combat units to replace aging samples.

On development stage


Development work “Vityaz” was conducted since 2007 in the interests of the Russian Ministry of Defense. Then the army got acquainted with the actual developments of the Almaz-Antey concern and expressed a desire to get a new air defense system based on them. It took several years to design the complex.

At the beginning of the decade, the concern developer tested various components of the future air defense system, and in 2012-13. built the first experimental complex. In 2013, the means of the S-350 system were first shown to the public at an open event. In the same period, the Vityaz test site as a whole began.

Initially, it was supposed to complete the tests and bring the S-350 air defense systems to mass production by the middle of the decade. However, work on the project dragged on, including due to the need to refine fundamentally new components. The stage of state trials was completed only in the spring of 2019. However, despite such a shift in terms, the result of the work was a full-fledged air defense system with all the required components and necessary capabilities.


Control Point 50K6A

In the spring of this year, it was announced the start of production of the first serial “Vityaz”. This kit was planned to be transferred to the training center. A few days ago he passed the acceptance tests and was handed over to the army.

New opportunities


According to well-known data, the S-350 Vityaz air defense system includes several components for various purposes. These are the 50N6A multifunctional radar, 50K6A combat control station, 50P6A self-propelled launcher and three types of anti-aircraft guided missiles. A ZRS battery with one control point can include up to two radars and up to eight launchers.

Fixed assets of the complex are made on self-propelled chassis, providing high mobility. Deployment to a combat position takes about 5 minutes. The transfer of equipment can be performed both on roads and on rough terrain.

The radar and control center provide tracking of the air situation, search for targets and generation of data for firing. One complex with products 50N6A and 50K6A is capable of simultaneously shelling up to 16 aerodynamic or up to 12 ballistic targets. Two missiles are aimed at each target.

An important feature of the S-350 is the presence of three types of missiles at once to solve different problems. Ammunition includes products 9M100, 9M96 and 9M96M2 with different characteristics. With their help, defeat targets at ranges from 10-15 to 100-120 km. The height of the lesion is from 5 m to 20-30 km, depending on the type of SAM;

The 50P6A combat vehicle has a lifting launcher with mounts for installing 12 transport and launch launchers. Thus, the total ammunition of the battery can reach 96 missiles and provide high combat qualities.

Goals and objectives


The Vityaz air defense system was created as a modern replacement for obsolete systems of the S-300P family. The oldest samples of this line no longer fully meet current requirements, which led to the order to develop a completely new complex. As the S-350 is mass-produced and delivered, the Russian army will be able to gradually abandon the obsolete air defense systems.

Such a replacement has several positive consequences directly related to the characteristics of the S-350. The new Vityaz was developed taking into account the experience of operating the S-300P and modern threats, as a result of which it has a number of important differences.

First of all, the effectiveness of air defense is enhanced through the use of modern electronic components with increased productivity. The Vityaz equipment is capable of faster and more accurate processing of larger amounts of data with understandable results in the context of combat use. It also provides full compatibility with modern means of communication and command and control of the air defense missile defense.


Multifunction radar 50N6A

Ammunition includes three types of missiles with different characteristics. This provides a choice. weapons depending on the characteristics of the goals and the current situation. Missiles with high flight performance and the ability to maneuver with heavy overload are capable of intercepting both aerodynamic and ballistic targets - up to the warheads of medium-range missiles.

An important advantage of the S-350 is increased ammunition. One 50P6A launcher carries 12 TPKs with SAMs against 4 at the installation of the S-300P complex. The increased ammunition of the installation and the battery as a whole allows you to conduct combat work longer or to deal more effectively with massive enemy raids.

The first step


The process of testing and refinement of the S-350 anti-aircraft missile system was noticeably delayed, and the originally called dates shifted by several years. Nevertheless, the work was still completed with the desired result. The East Kazakhstan Concern Almaz-Antey has developed, tested and put into a series new models of equipment for the aerospace forces.

A few days ago, the first serial set of Vityaz air defense missile systems completed acceptance tests and was handed over to the army. He will participate in the preparation of calculations. In the near future, the transfer of the next production model is expected. According to various sources, in the next years it is necessary to supply several dozens of S-350 sets, due to which a complete replacement of obsolete S-300P modifications will be performed.

The production of dozens of S-350 Vityaz air defense systems will take several years and will require appropriate funding. Such re-equipment of air defense and missile defense is provided for by the current state armament program. Moreover, the first step has already been taken in this direction - the serial “Vityaz” has been transferred to the customer, which allows him to gain new opportunities in the field of defense.
Author:
Photos used:
Wikimedia Commons, Vitalykuzmin.net
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  1. Al_lexx 25 December 2019 05: 31 New
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    Interestingly, there will be a modification on the tracked chassis?
    1. sivuch 25 December 2019 10: 27 New
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      Hardly . It’s quite complicated (on the contrary, it’s easy and simple from gusli to wheels) and for the country's air defense it is not too necessary.
      1. Al_lexx 25 December 2019 10: 32 New
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        Quote: sivuch
        for the country's air defense is not too necessary

        I'm just interested. whether these complexes will be included in the composition of military air defense.
        I understand that this is not a BEECH and not a TOP, but nonetheless. If we talk about the Arctic version, then there is nothing to do without a caterpillar chassis.
        And on the account of what is difficult and what is simple, this is a perpendicular topic. They do not what is simpler, but what is required.
  2. Connor MacLeod 25 December 2019 05: 59 New
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    So why a replacement for the S-300? S-300 is replaced by S-400. The hero, in theory, should be replaced by Buk, he seems to be his direct "descendant".
    1. The popuas 25 December 2019 06: 08 New
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      BukM1 is replaced by beech M2 ... and this instance cannot replace it, because the beech can fire on the march, and the c350 is unlikely ...
      1. Connor MacLeod 25 December 2019 06: 16 New
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        Beech on the march does not shoot, you probably confuse with Thor ...
    2. Sergey_G_M 25 December 2019 06: 41 New
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      It is not a matter of shooting on the march, but rather a march.
      The division of air defense systems has developed - military, on a caterpillar track that allows you to directly accompany troops (Tor, Buk, S-300V) and object-based on a wheeled chassis or towed (Shell, S-300P, PM, PMU, S-400)
      And the S-300P will most likely be replaced because they are similar in terms of the characteristics of the destruction range and the life of the S-300P is already approaching the end.
      1. tima_ga 3 January 2020 01: 28 New
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        Forgotten to Tunguska and Strela-10 (Pine, Derivation-Air Defense) among the military
    3. zyablik.olga 25 December 2019 07: 07 New
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      This is a replacement for the S-300PS. S-400 is too expensive, and in some cases redundant in range.
      1. Mar.Tirah 25 December 2019 07: 19 New
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        Quote: zyablik.olga
        This is a replacement for the S-300PS. S-400 is too expensive

        That's right! The S-300P (object air defense) and S-300V (military air defense) complexes have nothing in common, except for the index. Moreover, the S-300P / PS complex is, in fact, a medium-range air defense system, and the Buk-M2 / M3 serves as a medium-range air defense system for medium-range air defense systems. The S-350 air defense system will replace the S-300P / PS, since they have already been discontinued, and the S-400 air defense system is too expensive to provide cover for all objects included in the corresponding list. The S-350 in its capabilities does not meet the requirements of military air defense and is not considered as a replacement for the Buk air defense system.
        1. 1976AG 25 December 2019 17: 17 New
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          And why a system with a radius of 60 km missiles with a range of 120 km?
      2. knn54 25 December 2019 11: 35 New
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        Not really. They TOTALY can work in pairs, complementing each other.
        S-400 will be able to work against attacking aircraft at a distance of 100-250 km, protecting the position. With a MASSED attack with cruise missiles from a greater range, the S-350 will intercept them due to the large number of its (12) anti-aircraft missiles.
        Well, with the Shell-C1 you get a great tandem, including for small and low-flying targets.
        And if suddenly some subsonic product accidentally survives, then on the approaches to the object it will be knocked out of the shells of the Shell
    4. Nikolaevich I 25 December 2019 12: 07 New
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      Quote: Connor MacLeod
      The hero, in theory, should be replaced by Buk, he seems to be his direct "descendant".

      What "fright"? belay Buk and S-350 are 2 different teips! stop It is necessary to take into account the fact that even the Buk-M3 is armed with missiles with a range of up to 70 km ... that is, the Buk is a medium-range air defense system! The S-350 Vityaz air defense missile system with a 9M96E2 missile range of 120 km can already be attributed to long-range complexes!
  3. solovald 25 December 2019 06: 08 New
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    air defense efficiency is increased through the use of modern electronic components

    Revived the production of domestic microelectronics, element base? Or a tricky "import substitution"?
    1. arkadiyssk 25 December 2019 09: 50 New
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      Well, of course, import substitution, because on the foreign base S-350 existed ten years ago in the form of KM-SAM, developed by Diamond for South Korea. So all these years they tried to repeat the same thing on their own elementary.
      1. Sergey_G_M 25 December 2019 11: 29 New
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        Why did you put a minus - a mess, fix it! wink
        100% of the base is domestic or permitted in a special list, now there is no way without it.
        The pink glasses of Gorbachev and Yeltsin ended, that everyone will love us and will cooperate, the USSR will collapse, but the type of cooperation will remain the same, we will heal like cheese in butter, everyone is just as independent and at the same time friendly. The Libertorians really appeared with similar garbage, well late, the pink glasses are already completely smeared with sanctions, creeping NATO and the unfair competition of our adored partners. So now it’s necessary to disentangle it, but not quickly and sometimes a little expensive, but nothing can be done about it.
  4. Vitaly L 25 December 2019 06: 21 New
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    Will there be a marine option? It seems that they wrote something about this ....
    1. Sergey_G_M 25 December 2019 06: 43 New
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      The marine version appeared even earlier, this is the Poliment-Redut air defense system.
      1. Vitaly L 25 December 2019 06: 44 New
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        Everything is clear now.
      2. Romario_Argo 25 December 2019 09: 05 New
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        it remains only to wait for information on the Poliment radar - it is the same as that of the S-350
        and then the discussions were about 4 channels TSU i.e. total 16 on 4 radars on frigates, pr. 22350
        and the S-350 has 32 channels per radar sheet
        1. Sergey_G_M 25 December 2019 09: 33 New
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          Not exactly like that.
          At least this can be seen even in the area of ​​the antennas and the fact that the number of antennas is different.
          The information disclosed to us is the characteristics of the export modification. In order to compete in the market, for Vityaz they decided (at least it should be no worse than its KM-SAM counterpart developed for Korea), Poliment-Redoubt is not planned to be delivered to the market - they announced such a figure and let everyone think and scratch their turnips what it means at all.
          The channel for a complex using missiles with ARGSN, ANNs and modern transceivers is a very interesting value and the real characteristics of the complexes we will find out, I think never wink
          1. Pevek 25 December 2019 11: 08 New
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            Quote: Sergey_G_M
            Not exactly like that.
            At least this can be seen even in the area of ​​the antennas and the fact that the number of antennas is different.
            The information disclosed to us is the characteristics of the export modification. In order to compete in the market, for Vityaz they decided (at least it should be no worse than its KM-SAM counterpart developed for Korea), Poliment-Redoubt is not planned to be delivered to the market - they announced such a figure and let everyone think and scratch their turnips what it means at all.
            The channel for a complex using missiles with ARGSN, ANNs and modern transceivers is a very interesting value and the real characteristics of the complexes we will find out, I think never wink


            We don’t know and there’s nothing scary))))
            And potential “partners”, I also hope, will be misleading. Long.

            A beautiful complex has turned out, it looks good on the BAZ, and the plant is supported by the State Order.

            I'm fascinated smile
  5. senima56 25 December 2019 11: 12 New
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    The good news is that our air defense systems have finally taken the path of increasing the ammunition load! Now one machine carries as many as 12 rockets, instead of 4 like the S-300 (400)! Saving vehicles! Even the Tor-2M now has 16 missiles instead of 8! Very good news!
    1. voyaka uh 25 December 2019 12: 14 New
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      The Vityaz rocket is 240 mm in diameter. S-400 missile - 500 mm. Both in weight and in length of the Vityaz rocket are lighter and more compact.
      Therefore, they are placed on the machine more. But the radius of damage to the complex is much smaller.
    2. Nikolaevich I 25 December 2019 12: 38 New
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      Quote: senima56
      Now one machine carries as many as 12 rockets, instead of 4 like the S-300 (400)!

      1. Firstly: as soon as the very first messages "about the S-350" appeared, one of the messages indicated 16 missiles ... later, it turns out, it seems, as a typo ... But I already managed to get used "to 16! Parting with the "extra" missiles was not easy ... recourse So .... wait, sss! sixteen! 16. Secondly: for the S-2/300, a “400-charge” TPK for Zur 4M9 was developed to “place” a 96-charge TPK for Zur1N48 ... It turns out that it is “theoretically” (and maybe practically ...) S-6/300 can be “armed” with 400 (!) 16M9 zuras: 96 4-charged TPKs for 1N48 Zur ... x 6 4-charged TPKs for 4M9 Zur
      1. Sergey_G_M 25 December 2019 12: 53 New
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        “Theoretically,” or perhaps practically the launcher 50P6A of the Vityaz complex can be directly used with S-300/400 complexes designed for firing 9M96 missiles. I don’t see any serious restrictions, except for the radio communication of the (wired) launcher with the control gear, but since the developer alone could unify or lay such an opportunity.
    3. Uncle Izya 25 December 2019 18: 59 New
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      So the m3 beech is also increased ammunition
  6. voyaka uh 25 December 2019 12: 11 New
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    Knight - it's like "Buk with the S-400 radar."
    Buk had strong missiles, but a rather weak own radar. This was corrected by giving Vityaz a radar from the S-400, much more sensitive and farsighted.
    1. Uncle Izya 25 December 2019 19: 05 New
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      And how do you know, for example, the latest m3 beech, they’re just adopted the spies, probably)))
    2. abc_alex 26 December 2019 12: 04 New
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      Quote: voyaka uh
      Vityaz - it’s like “Buk with S-400 radar”

      Warrior, do not confuse readers. Beech has quite a normal Radar "Dome" developing in its own line. And Buk is a military complex. A S-350 complex for the country's air defense. These are generally different target niches. These complexes are not even crossed by missiles. Newspaper reports about the replacement of Bukov, I plan, no more than an attempt by one manufacturer to squeeze the market from another.
      1. voyaka uh 26 December 2019 12: 07 New
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        I roughly determined the equivalent of this Knight. According to the performance characteristics. They look like a beech.
        And where it will be inserted in the structure of Russian air defense is a secondary matter.
        1. abc_alex 26 December 2019 15: 30 New
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          Quote: voyaka uh
          They look like a beech.
          And where it will be inserted in the structure of Russian air defense is a secondary matter.


          laughing
          Excuse accepted.
          But actually, his place in the troops was determined initially.
  7. ares1988 25 December 2019 12: 32 New
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    And 12 missiles on the PU - is it about 9M96 or about 9M100? 1 9M96 or 4 9M100 penetrates into the Polyment / Redoubt cell. Will there be the same interchangeability with the same proportions?
    1. Passing 20 January 2020 18: 47 New
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      12 is of course about 9M96. And the layout will be, IMHO, separate, each rocket in a separate TPK, because in shipboard launchers, the lid is traditionally reusable, it opens and closes with a drive, and accordingly, four internal missiles can be used for one approach, and in land launchers it is traditionally one-time. And there is also the problem of reloading, if the shipboard VPU is recharged in bulk at the port, then for land complexes this is a regular situation - it launched a rocket, called up a TZM, and recharged to a full set.

      It is alarming that almost nothing is heard about the 9M100, if 9M96 launches have already shown, key features have also been known for a long time, then little is known about the 9M100, and what is known is directly contrary to the picture of the rocket. It seems that it is still being developed.
      1. ares1988 20 January 2020 18: 49 New
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        Thank you for the clarification)
  8. 7,62h54 25 December 2019 14: 27 New
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    Now it remains to find a buyer, and bring partners to the next tantrum
  9. Fedorov 25 December 2019 14: 33 New
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    Unclear request , there were messages from the MO. that Moscow is already covering up, if memory serves, somewhere around Voronezh it’s deployed.
  10. Old26 25 December 2019 16: 15 New
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    Quote: Fedorov
    Unclear request , there were messages from the MO. that Moscow is already covering up, if memory serves, somewhere around Voronezh it’s deployed.

    The first set, and we are talking about it, went to Kapustin Yar. Most likely in the training center and on it those compounds will be taught that will then receive this complex
  11. pogis 25 December 2019 18: 50 New
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    Well, God forbid, do not repeat the fate of the FIRST production Su-57!
    1. abc_alex 26 December 2019 12: 05 New
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      And what happened to the first production Su-57?
      1. tima_ga 3 January 2020 01: 42 New
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        Apparently, a colleague about this https://ria.ru/20191224/1562753117.html
        There is a test work, as they say, a shield happens, for that they are tests.
  12. Aibolit 8 January 2020 02: 38 New
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    The author is recognized immediately from 1/2 of the article:
    Many repeated letters and words: mantras and few textures.
    Work on ₽ is visible immediately
  13. storm 10 January 2020 22: 36 New
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    Of course, S-350 complexes with “truncated” batteries will go to the troops:
    -point combat control 50K6A -1ed .;
    -Multifunction radar 50N6A -1U .;
    self-propelled launcher 50P6A - 4 units.
    But even in this form, thanks to significant ammunition (48 missiles for 4 launchers) and an increase in target channels to 16 on each radar, the new complex will be a serious threat to the Kyrgyz Republic and “flocks” of drones.

    In my opinion, the best solution would be to include in the composition of each S-400 regiment, in addition to a battery of 6 Pantsir-S air defense systems, another full battery (1PBU + 2RLS + 8SPU) S-350 air defense systems.
    This decision would make it possible to create an additional echelon of defense of the medium and at times increase the resistance of air defense regiments to massive air strikes, missiles and UAVs.