Military Review

December 20 marks the “Day of the employee of the security organs of the Russian Federation”

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December 20 marks the “Day of the employee of the security organs of the Russian Federation”

December 20, 2019 in Russia celebrate the professional holiday of security officials. Officially, the holiday is called "Day of the Worker of the Security Agencies of the Russian Federation," but the people call it more simply - "Day of the FSB." On this day, congratulations are received by employees of the bodies of the Federal Security Service, the Federal Security Service, the Foreign Intelligence Service, as well as other special services of our country.


Officially, the holiday appeared in Russia in 1995 after the decree of Russian President Boris Yeltsin, in which he confirmed the official status on December 20 as the date of the celebration of the "Day of the security officer of the Russian Federation." During the Soviet Union, KGB Day or KGB Day was also celebrated, but it had an unofficial status.

Why was the date of December 20 chosen for the celebration of the KGB Day? The answer to this question is quite simple - on December 20, 1917, the Council of People's Commissars of the RSFSR issued a special document that proclaimed the creation of the All-Russian Extraordinary Commission (All-Russian Extraordinary Commission) to combat sabotage and counter-revolution. The initiative to create the Cheka was personally put forward by Vladimir Ilyich Lenin, who perfectly understood the need for a special structure that would ensure the security of the young Soviet state.

By the way, on December 20, 1958, a monument was opened in Moscow to the founder and first leader of the Cheka, Felix Edmundovich Dzerzhinsky, who became the symbol of the Soviet special services for many years.

The formation of the Soviet special services began with the Cheka, which lasted from 1917 to 1922. In 1922, the Cheka was transformed into the Main Political Administration (GPU), and after the formation of the USSR, the Joint Main Political Administration (OGPU) under the NKVD. It was in the 1920s and 1930s that the foundation was laid for the very structure of security agencies and its future divisions, which over the years turned into separate special services.

In 1934, the OGPU was transformed into the Main Directorate of State Security (GUGB) as part of the NKVD of the USSR. In this form, it existed until March 1941, when the NKVD was divided into the NKVD itself and the People’s Commissariat of State Security, which was to be responsible for the competence of the former GUGB, but in July of the same year, after the outbreak of war, they were reunited. In 1943, the division was again divided into the NKVD and the NKGB of the USSR. In 1946, the NKGB of the USSR was transformed into the Ministry of State Security (MGB) of the Soviet Union.

In 1954, the State Security Committee (KGB) was created under the Council of Ministers of the USSR, the name of which is still frightening Western residents. The KGB lasted 36 years and ceased to exist together with the Soviet Union. The official date for the termination of the Soviet special services, one of the strongest in the world, was December 3, 1991.

After 1991, in the post-Soviet period, new, already Russian, special services — the FSB, the SVR and the FSO — were organized from the structure of the former KGB. All of them stand for the protection of the interests of the Russian Federation and carry out tasks within their competence.

Military Review congratulates all current and former (although there are no "former Chekists") security officials of Russia and the Soviet Union on their professional holiday. Honor and praise to those who serve the defense of state interests, eternal memory to those who gave their lives for Russia.
50 comments
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  1. GKS 2111
    GKS 2111 20 December 2019 15: 43
    +9
    Happy holiday, men!

    Thank you for a quiet life without house explosions, hostage-taking hospitals, work, brothers. hi
    1. The comment was deleted.
      1. Tatyana
        Tatyana 20 December 2019 16: 01
        +3
        With a professional holiday!
        I wish all of you to always remain alive and healthy in the performance of your duties in the service!

    2. Hunter 2
      Hunter 2 20 December 2019 15: 47
      +7
      I join in the congratulations! It’s a pity that yesterday’s events overshadowed the holiday! hi
      Special congratulations to the Alpha Group (Office A) of the Central Security Service of the FSB!
    3. Yegorchik
      Yegorchik 20 December 2019 16: 31
      -8
      Quote: GKS 2111
      Happy holiday, men!
      What are the current hairy-footed inhabitants of the Lubyanka related to Felix Edmundovich? He would be the first to put them on the wall.
      1. GKS 2111
        GKS 2111 20 December 2019 16: 39
        +5
        In my city (near the border) men do not eat their hard bread for nothing, "fur-paws" are not about them .. I know many personally. I am immensely grateful for their work. Peace, tranquility and health to their families. Worthy people. Happy holiday again . A thousand times with the holiday of men!
      2. major147
        major147 20 December 2019 16: 57
        0
        Quote: Egorchik
        the bunny inhabitants of Lubyanka


        All involved Happy Holiday! soldier
        1. The comment was deleted.
      3. pv1005
        pv1005 20 December 2019 21: 54
        -1
        Quote: Egorchik
        Quote: GKS 2111
        Happy holiday, men!
        What are the current hairy-footed inhabitants of the Lubyanka related to Felix Edmundovich? He would be the first to put them on the wall.

        fool
      4. wooja
        wooja 20 December 2019 23: 42
        -6
        Direct ..., - "Iron Felix" left about 80 million francs in personal accounts, his associates did not lag behind either ..., that's how they are - the organs .... And if you take into account the national composition of the organs, it's completely sad becomes ...., but how, however, they fought with the enemies - they still cannot find Spanish gold ..., agents of influence and moles are permanent residents of Lubyanka .... although the Special Services are necessary, so let honest employees accept congratulations .... happy holiday !!!!
      5. RUSS
        RUSS 21 December 2019 09: 07
        -3
        Quote: Egorchik
        What are the current hairy-footed inhabitants of the Lubyanka related to Felix Edmundovich?

        That’s for sure, since now the special services are engaged in roofing and wringing businesses
    4. Starper-xnumx
      Starper-xnumx 20 December 2019 18: 08
      -4
      Quote: GKS 2111
      Thank you for a quiet life without house explosions, hostage-taking hospitals, work, brothers.

      Here there are no words. Accurate work .. They’re getting wet slowly and sometimes articles appear here .. Restoring the agent network and not only in Russia!
      Difficult and dangerous work and you won’t earn much money on it .. Only ideological ones work here! Thank you guys hi
      PS And forgive those who were betrayed in the 90s ..
  2. 210ox
    210ox 20 December 2019 15: 47
    +1
    Chekists with the holiday. Good luck to you in the service and less (more precisely, that there wouldn’t be at all) any chekalin and others like them.
    1. kot28.ru
      kot28.ru 20 December 2019 16: 00
      +2
      This is true. Unfortunately, no selection methodology reveals what a person becomes at the sight of money.
  3. Phil77
    Phil77 20 December 2019 15: 51
    +2
    Chekists with a professional holiday! Question: why is the sword on the FSB emblem behind the shield and not on the shield as before? It's just a question, I’ll clarify.
    1. toha124
      toha124 20 December 2019 17: 20
      +4
      Probably just bad for composition. On the shield, there should be some kind of symbol of statehood. In the Union, in addition to the coat of arms, there was a simpler symbol - a red star. And the Russian Federation does not have this. At the same time, if you place our eagle behind the sword, it will turn out to be "unattainable". Therefore, the sword is behind the shield. IMHO.
      1. Phil77
        Phil77 20 December 2019 18: 02
        0
        Thanks for the answer! That is pure aesthetics?
    2. Captain45
      Captain45 20 December 2019 19: 06
      +4
      Quote: Phil77
      Question: why is the sword behind the shield on the FSB emblem and not on the shield as before? It's just a question, I’ll clarify.

      Because they are not bloodthirsty, first they will protect them with a shield, and only then they will cut off their heads with a sword. But earlier, judging by the emblem, they first chopped, and then sorted it out. "It seems so to me" lol Congratulations on the holiday of the "elder brothers" - "subcontractors" - "neighbors", so that the stars swarm and the gaps double!
  4. Dmitry Zverev
    Dmitry Zverev 20 December 2019 15: 53
    +4
    Happy holiday, comrades! Good luck in the service, health to you and your loved ones!
  5. kot28.ru
    kot28.ru 20 December 2019 15: 58
    +4
    Happy Holidays, Chekists! Although your service is not visible, like landing an airborne infantry base or launching an ICBM, but ...
    Eternal memory to fighters who died for Russia
  6. Lexus
    Lexus 20 December 2019 15: 59
    +16
    FSB, SVR and FSO. All of them stand for the protection of the interests of the Russian Federation and carry out tasks within their competence.

    I didn’t want to overshadow the "holiday", but apartments, garages and mansions filled with money, squeezed out businesses, jewelry and "attached" relatives seem to hint whose interests they are protecting.
    I can’t imagine the SMERSH employees “protecting” bandits and robbing the residents of besieged Leningrad. And then please. Therefore, one should not denigrate the word "chekist" by the current "fans of Gelendvagenov". Now the wrong "organs" get into safety.
    Therefore, I congratulate only those who did not sell their honor, conscience and hands did not mess.
    1. tihonmarine
      tihonmarine 20 December 2019 16: 44
      +6
      Quote: lexus
      I can’t imagine the SMERSH employees "covering" bandits and robbing the inhabitants of besieged Leningrad.

      These were the Chekists with a capital letter. And I am glad that my two uncles were employees of "SMERSH" during the Second World War.
    2. Golovan Jack
      Golovan Jack 20 December 2019 16: 57
      0
      Quote: lexus
      I didn't want to overshadow the "holiday", but apartments, garages and mansions full of money, squeezed out businesses, jewelry, and "attached" relatives seem to hint

      Nucho ... with release, or what? wink laughing

      How long is it for us? And then it’s boring without you somehow even request
      1. A good one
        A good one 20 December 2019 18: 14
        +2
        No, those supposed uncles left their treasures (warehouses, and maybe deposits) by GPS coordinates, grandchildren have no mind, so they rush about sites in terms of justice. And nevermind show them no one. laughing And one of the lucky ones got Zhukov’s horse, so this imbalance is prancing here before us, a lot of comments have been deleted from him. laughing
    3. Archivist Vasya
      Archivist Vasya 20 December 2019 18: 39
      -4
      That's right! And some were tired of this disgrace and he came with a small arsenal to the Lubyanka. And then some are racking their brains - what motive, why ...
      And all the same, happy holiday!
      1. asv363
        asv363 20 December 2019 20: 45
        +2
        Quote: Archivist Vasya
        And some were tired of this disgrace and he came with a small arsenal to the Lubyanka. And then some are racking their brains - what motive, why ...

        Conscience enough to write such congratulations? Another employee, seriously injured, died in a hospital.
        1. Archivist Vasya
          Archivist Vasya 23 December 2019 12: 27
          0
          Of course. Or do you think that all FSB officers are a priori correct and fair? Did you even read the comment I answered?
          Unfortunately, the dead employees turned out to be hostages of the situation, since they do not steal and participate in corruption schemes, people with serious epaulettes - colonels, generals, etc. are to blame. But they, alas, do not sit at the entrance ...
    4. Observer2014
      Observer2014 20 December 2019 23: 39
      -1
      And today I was awarded a prize !!! I have a professional holiday on Sunday !!! Already 1000 rubles transferred to a salary cardlaughing "Chekists" and colleagues on the professional holiday hello. drinks wassatI’m not lying. Let anyone who is interested in promoting all this weekend have professional holidays. laughing
      1. German Titov
        German Titov 21 December 2019 09: 10
        +1
        Brother! But they didn't write me anything. "Until the lump". I will tear everyone to pieces for the Motherland. Since 2014 we are under the same flag !!! Take care of yourself! Will live!
      2. Phil77
        Phil77 21 December 2019 10: 39
        0
        It became interesting, you monitored. Are you an energetic? Then with a holiday coming! All the best and good luck! good
  7. CommanderDIVA
    CommanderDIVA 20 December 2019 16: 03
    -3
    "On December 20, 1917, the Council of People's Commissars of the RSFSR issued a special document that proclaimed the creation of the Cheka (All-Russian Extraordinary Commission) to combat sabotage and counter-revolution" - the author of the teaching materiel, the Cheka was formed in 1918 last year.
    1. asv363
      asv363 20 December 2019 16: 41
      0
      Quote: CommanderDIVA
      learn materiel

      I think two links are enough for you:

      http://www.fsb.ru/fsb/history.htm

      (7) December 20, 1917 by resolution of the Council of People's Commissars to combat counter-revolution and sabotage in Soviet Russia, the All-Russian Extraordinary Commission (VChK) was formed. F.E.Dzerzhinsky was appointed its first chairman. He was in this post until February 6, 1922. From July to August 1918 The duties of the chairman of the Cheka were temporarily performed by Y.Kh. Peters

      http://www.kremlin.ru/events/president/news/56452

      December 20, 2017 18:30 Moscow, Kremlin
      ...
      This year marks the 100th anniversary of the creation of the Cheka. We understand that this is an integral part of our history, the history of Russian special services, which, of course, has more than one century.
      1. CommanderDIVA
        CommanderDIVA 20 December 2019 19: 08
        +1
        Your truth beguiled a little
  8. Slavs
    Slavs 20 December 2019 16: 05
    +6
    Happy holiday !!! As soon as the abbreviation was not shuffled ... Happy Chekist Day !!
  9. Alexey-74
    Alexey-74 20 December 2019 16: 13
    +5
    Happy Holiday !!! An important task is facing you !!!!!!!!
  10. kupitman
    kupitman 20 December 2019 16: 18
    +2
    Happy Holidays!
  11. BIABIA
    BIABIA 20 December 2019 16: 18
    +2
    Congratulate everyone us!
    1. Bshkaus
      Bshkaus 20 December 2019 17: 24
      +3
      Congratulations to all of us!

      "Us" is not necessary: ​​I have nothing to do with the FSB, you, apparently, too, tk. would not shout about it all over the forum: /
  12. Starper-xnumx
    Starper-xnumx 20 December 2019 16: 36
    0
    Well, for the Chekists! drinks If Russia is alive and developing, then this is their job too .. soldier
    Not everyone was killed and outbid in the 90s ..
    And the archivists of the informers. To which the "democrats" were eager in the 90s, they still kept hehe laughing And they cherish, just in case, for many of today's "crystal clear human rights activists .."
    Once again, with the holiday of everyone involved and personally our head of Russia, Great Putin (there are no former Chekists, there are traitors)!
  13. gridasov
    gridasov 20 December 2019 17: 29
    -5
    Chekism or any name implies a process that is part of our lives. And therefore, we can talk about what is the pinnacle of the art of this process? And such a peak is the possibility of creating such situations and events, so that no one could think that this was invented and implemented by a specialist, with a specific goal and in the algorithm of communication with other events.
  14. Marconi41
    Marconi41 20 December 2019 17: 52
    +5
    I don’t understand those who write about protection, money in garages and so on on this holiday. GB workers are doing their job, and they are doing it very well! In Russia, houses do not explode, there are no hostage-taking in hospitals, and bearded people find their graves long before their actions. Remember the 90s and do not write nonsense on their holiday!
  15. nikvic46
    nikvic46 20 December 2019 18: 34
    0
    The work at that time showed the viability of young intelligence and counterintelligence. To destroy and lure such bison as Savinkov to his territory is a big plus for the security service of that time. Savinkov was not only a politician. He went through a conspiracy school. Previously, this holiday was not widely covered .But people with a clear conscience lived quietly.
  16. Ros 56
    Ros 56 20 December 2019 19: 43
    +2
    Although many liberalists are bared at them, but on the occasion of the holiday, men and work their own spite for all sorts of different barmels and traitors.
  17. Dr. Sorge
    Dr. Sorge 20 December 2019 20: 50
    +1
    FSB and KGB with the Holiday!
  18. seregatara1969
    seregatara1969 20 December 2019 20: 57
    +1
    Happy Chekist! All soldiers of sergeants, foremen of warrant officers and officers on the holiday!
  19. georggy
    georggy 20 December 2019 21: 11
    -1
    Yes, the grandchildren of Dzerzhinsky’s grandfather are rather weak. Both these and those.
  20. SASHA OLD
    SASHA OLD 20 December 2019 22: 32
    -1
    Happy Holidays!
    and..
    WORK, BROTHERS!
    doing an important thing
  21. cat Rusich
    cat Rusich 21 December 2019 00: 21
    -1
    SME USSR - Inter-republican Security Service of the USSR from 22.10.1991/01.07.1992/06.11.1991 to 18.12.1991/03.12.1991/28.11.1992. TSSR USSR - Central Intelligence Service of the USSR from 24.01.1992/21.12.1993/26.11.1991 to 24.01.1992/21.12.1993/12.04.1995, renamed the SVR of the Russian Federation (Russia). KOGG of the USSR - The Committee for the Protection of the State Border of the USSR from 03.04.1995/XNUMX/XNUMX to XNUMX/XNUMX/XNUMX, transferred to the MB of the Russian Federation. MB of the Russian Federation - The Ministry of Security of the Russian Federation (Russia) from XNUMX to XNUMX, created on the basis of the MSB of the USSR and the RSFSR - the Federal Security Agency of the RSFSR from XNUMX to XNUMX, was reorganized into the Federal Grid of the Russian Federation. Federal Grid Service of the Russian Federation - Federal Counterintelligence Service of the Russian Federation (Russia) from XNUMX/XNUMX/XNUMX to XNUMX/XNUMX/XNUMX, renamed the FSB of the Russian Federation. FSB of the Russian Federation - Federal Security Service of the Russian Federation (Russia) from XNUMX/XNUMX/XNUMX to our time ...
  22. Metallurg_2
    Metallurg_2 21 December 2019 11: 16
    0
    Interestingly, what is the point of having so many special services instead of one KGB? Or have there been so many generals that they have nowhere to plant in one service?
    1. SASHA OLD
      SASHA OLD 21 December 2019 14: 54
      0
      Quote: Metallurg_2
      Interestingly, what is the point of having so many special services instead of one KGB? Or have there been so many generals that they have nowhere to plant in one service?

      one of the reasons - infa, obtained from several sources independent of each other, is more accurate: there would be one service - there would be "misinformation" and it would not be noticed ...
      there are more reasons
      1. Metallurg_2
        Metallurg_2 21 December 2019 16: 37
        0
        That is, you believe that all 36 years of its existence, the KGB poured misinformation?
        1. SASHA OLD
          SASHA OLD 21 December 2019 23: 06
          0
          Quote: Metallurg_2
          That is, you believe that all 36 years of its existence, the KGB poured misinformation?

          no, because there are still services