Military Review

Ivan Lyubushkin. Tanker, hero of the Moscow battle

52

T-34 Katukov brigade in the winter of 1941-1942 near Moscow


Soviet tank aces. Lyubushkin Ivan Timofeevich - one of the Soviet tank aces who were not destined to survive to victory. He died in battles with the Nazi forces in the difficult summer of 1942.

Like many Soviet tank aces, Lyubushkin began the war in June 1941, distinguishing himself during the battles near Moscow as part of the 4th tank brigade of Mikhail Efimovich Katukov. The Katukov brigade seriously slowed the advance of the 4th German Panzer Division from Orel to Mtsensk for almost a week, inflicting serious losses on the enemy. For participation in these battles, Ivan Lyubushkin was introduced to the title of Hero of the Soviet Union.

Way to the tank crew of Ivan Lyubushkin


Ivan Timofeevich Lyubushkin was born in 1918 in the Tambov province in a small village called Sadovaya. His parents were ordinary poor peasants. In his native village, Ivan Lyubushkin graduated from elementary school, and received his completed seven-year schooling in the village of Sergievka. The family of the future hero of the war did not live well, while she was having many children, Ivan had two siblings and two sisters. One of his brothers also did not return home from the battlefields of World War II.

According to the memoirs of his sister Antonina, in childhood, the future tanker was a modest and shy child, but even then he loved outdoor, active games. Often played war games with the guys, even then dreaming of becoming someday a real commander. Moreover, childhood in those years was very difficult in the villages. Ivan's mother died early, after which his father married a second time. On some days, it was difficult for children to find what clothes to go to school with. But despite all the difficulties, Ivan Lyubushkin received a normal school education by the standards of those years, while he studied well at school and tried to never miss classes, Antonina Timofeevna recalled.

Ivan Lyubushkin. Tanker, hero of the Moscow battle

Ivan Timofeevich Lyubushkin

After school, Ivan Lyubushkin moved to work in Tambov, where he worked conscientiously at a brick factory. Later, together with a friend, he moved even further from his native home - in Tbilisi, where he worked in the fire department. In 1938 he joined the ranks of the Red Army, tied himself to the armed forces until the end of his life. Ivan Lyubushkin immediately began serving in the tank forces. Even before the outbreak of war on his collective farm, he could learn the profession of a tractor driver, which influenced the choice of troops. Before the war, Lyubushkin managed to graduate from the school of junior commanders.

In the summer of 1941, Ivan Lyubushkin served as part of the 15th Panzer Division, which in the spring of that year was assigned to the 16th Mechanized Corps being formed. On the first day of the war, along with the corps, the division became part of the 12th Army of the South-Western Front, and later was transferred to the Southern Front. The division received baptism of fire only in the Berdichev region around July 8. By mid-August 1941, the division had practically lost all of its material equipment and was withdrawn from the front for reformation.

The battle with the Guderian tankers near Moscow


Ivan Lyubushkin, an experienced tanker, was quickly included in the 4th Panzer Brigade formed in the Stalingrad Region, which was headed by Mikhail Katukov. By September 28, 1941, a new brigade was concentrated near Kubinka, at that time in its composition there were 7 KV tanks and 22 T-34s. Here, the team was replenished with light tanks of all types of BT, which came from the repair. At the same time, the 3rd tank battalion of the brigade had to be left in Kubinka, since he did not manage to get the material part.


Destroyed near Moscow German Pz IV tank

In early October, the brigade hastily reoriented onto the Orel-Mtsensk highway, along which German troops advanced for several days in an operational void. The main enemy of the Katukovites in this direction was the 4th German Panzer Division from the 2nd Panzer Group of Guderian. In this direction, the Soviet command hastily concentrated reserves to stop the advance of the enemy. Together with the 4th tank brigade of the enemy, the 11th tank brigade, the 201st airborne brigade and the 34th NKVD regiment restrained on the way from Orel to Mtsensk.

On October 6, units of the 4th Panzer Brigade detained the Germans near the village of Pervyi Voin; in the afternoon, a counterattack against the advancing German group was carried out by tankers of the 11th Panzer Brigade. Both sides suffered significant losses, while the enemy failed to move along the highway that day. The tankers of the 4th Panzer Division were forced to regroup in order to continue their breakthrough attempts on the following days. In the battle of the First Warrior, the crew of Ivan Lyubushkin distinguished himself. It is believed that in this battle the T-34 senior sergeant Lyubushkin knocked out 9 enemy tanks.

Memories of this battle fell into the front sheet, and after the war, and in the book "People of the 40s" by Yu. Zhukov. The tank, in which at that time senior sergeant Ivan Lyubushkin was a gunner, was ordered to advance to the flank in order to engage in battle with enemy armored vehicles. The commander of a tank platoon, Lieutenant Kukarkin, also entered the crew of his car in this battle. The first enemy shell hit the tank without breaking through its armor. A few moments later, Lyubushkin, who was at the guidance devices of his 76 mm gun, opened fire. Fire was opened on German tanks from a distance of about a kilometer, but quickly enough hit three enemy tanks - one after the other. Shells were delivered to the gun by all crew members. After the defeat of the fourth tank, Lyubushkin saw the German tankers abandon the combat vehicle and begin to retreat. The gunner asked for a fragmentation charge and opened fire again. Around this time, they again hit the tank, this time on board.


The second enemy shell, which fell into the T-34, pierced the armor of the tank and wounded the crew. Radio operator gunner Duvanov and driver Fedorov were wounded and severely stunned, clothes lit up on Lieutenant Kukarkin, Lyubushkin was also slightly injured. Having knocked down the flame from his clothes, Kukarkin climbed to help the wounded, and Lyubushkin continued to fire. At that moment, he heard Duvanov screaming that his leg was torn off. After that, Lyubushkin begins to shout to the driver Fyodorov, who had already caught his breath: “Start the engine!” The engine started up in the T-34, but it quickly became clear that the gearbox and transmission elements of the car were damaged as a result of the hit only the reverse was left. Somehow, the tankers were able to back up at minimum speed, covering themselves from enemy fire with a heavy KV tank from their brigade. On site, they had already rendered all possible assistance to the radio operator gunner, bandaged him and threw out all accumulated spent cartridges from the tank.

The crew was ready to leave the battle to begin repairing the combat vehicle when Lyubushkin saw several German tanks behind the bushes that fired on Soviet troops. At this point, Lyubushkin makes a decision: it is necessary to continue the battle. “German tanks were very clearly visible to me,” he later recalled. Tankers again opened fire on the enemy, having achieved a number of productive hits. At the same time, the Germans drew attention to the revived tank, concentrating fire on it. Again, an enemy shell tested the T-34 armor for strength. Although he didn’t break through the tower, a large piece of armor broke off from getting inside, striking Ivan Lyubushkin’s right leg, which was located on the trigger pedal.

As the tankman later recalled after the battle, the leg instantly lost sensitivity. Lyubushkin even managed to think: "That's it, I won it forever, like Duvanov." But, feeling his numb leg, he quickly realized that there was no blood, his leg was in place. Putting his leg to the side with his hands, he began to press the trigger pedal with his left foot, but quickly realized that it was inconvenient. After that, Ivan Lyubushkin bent down before each shot, pressing the pedal with his right hand, which was also not very convenient. Already at the end of this shootout, Lyubushkin set fire to another enemy tank. After leaving the battle, the tankers handed over the wounded gunner-radio operator to the orderlies, and the car went into repair, which took several hours. The mechanics regained mobility, and the tank was again ready for battle with the enemy. For this battle, the courage and courage Lyubushkin was presented on October 10, 1941 to the rank of Hero of the Soviet Union with the award of the Order of Lenin and the Gold Star medal.

The last battle of Ivan Lyubushkin


On May 30, 1942, the brigade, in which Lieutenant Ivan Lyubushkin had already served, was part of the 1st Panzer Corps and was on the Bryansk Front. The unit, especially distinguished in battles with the Germans near Moscow, became the 1st Guards Tank Brigade, many of its soldiers and commanders were among the best Soviet tankers, writing their names in history. When the German forces launched an offensive on June 28, 1942, realizing the plan of the summer strategic company on the Eastern Front, known as the Blau, the brigade was again destined to join the battle. Already in the evening of the same day, the Soviet command decides to launch a counterattack on the flank of the attacking enemy groups, attracting for this the tanks of the 1st tank corps, which was supposed to attack the enemy from the north from the area of ​​the city of Livny.


Ivan Timofeevich Lyubushkin near his tank

In the battle that took place near the village of Muravsky Shlyakh (abandoned today) near the city of Livny, Orel Region, the 24-year-old guard, Lieutenant Ivan Lyubushkin, died with his tank. A participant in those events, the Soviet tank crewman Anatoly Raftopullo, the battalion commander in the 1st Guards Tank Brigade, recalled that this was a head-on tank battle, in which Alexander Burda's battalion participated. At the same time, Soviet tankers had to turn around from a marching column into battle formation already under enemy fire.

From the side, due to the railway along which Soviet tanks moved, artillery hit them, Hitler tanks shot in the forehead, and from the air attacked the positions of Soviet troops aviation. According to Raftopullo, the crew of Lyubushkin managed to deal with one of the enemy’s weapons when a direct bomb hit the tank (with a high degree of probability this could also be a shell). The hit led to serious damage to the tower, a fire and, apparently, the detonation of the ammunition. Lyubushkin and the gunner were killed immediately, the gunner was seriously injured, only the mechanic driver Safonov was left unharmed, who managed to leave the tank before it was engulfed in flames.

T-34 Lyubushkina burned before his eyes fellow soldiers before sunset, while the tankers could not do anything, watching with an anger of weakness in his eyes. Later, in the burnt down thirty-four they will find only the burnt-out gun of the tank commander, all those who remained in the combat vehicle turned to ashes. The report on losses, which was submitted by the 1st Guards Tank Brigade in the column "where buried" indicates: burned in the tank. By the time of the death, Lyubushkin’s account officially counted 20 damaged tanks and self-propelled guns of the enemy, most of which were in battles near Moscow in the fall and winter of 1941.

The memory of the hero-tanker was immortalized by his fellow soldiers when, by order of the tank brigade of May 7, 1943, Lieutenant Ivan Timofeevich Lyubushkin was forever enlisted in the list of personnel of his native unit. Later, after the war, his name in the cities of Oryol and Livny will be named streets, as well as Sergievskaya secondary school in the native for the hero of the Tambov region, where information about the countryman is carefully stored in the local school museum.
Author:
Articles from this series:
Soviet tank aces. Konstantin Samokhin
The brave tankman Alexander Burda. Hero of the Great Patriotic War
Nikolay Andreev. Hero Tanker of the Battle of Stalingrad
Pavel Hudz. One KV against eighteen enemy tanks
52 comments
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  1. GKS 2111
    GKS 2111 17 December 2019 05: 11
    11
    Thank you for such articles here .. A low bow to everyone who stood at the front and in the rear and gave us all peace and life ... What kind of people were ...
  2. Vitaly Tsymbal
    Vitaly Tsymbal 17 December 2019 06: 30
    +5
    Thanks for the memory of the heroes!
  3. WILL
    WILL 17 December 2019 07: 06
    11
    Bright Memory to the Hero, the Real Asu of Tank Battle, Ivan Timofeevich Lyubushkin! 20 Officially confirmed tank victories, in One Year of War - a huge figure, not a Digit but a Feat!
    Thanks for the next article on the Hero Tankist! More to such articles! hi
  4. parusnik
    parusnik 17 December 2019 07: 10
    +6
    Thank you Great loop!
  5. Olgovich
    Olgovich 17 December 2019 07: 31
    +1
    Like many Soviet tank aces, Lyubushkin started the war in June 1941, distinguishing himself during the battles near Moscow as part of the 4th tank brigade Mikhail Efimovich Katukov.
    Almost all tank aces showed up in tank units Katukova: Lavrinenko, Burda, Molchanov, Samokhin, etc.

    Question: why? Were the worst tankers in other units?

    It seems that the matter is precisely in the leadership: it was Katukov who gave the tankmen the initiative in carrying out tank ambushes and rounds, which gave them the opportunity to prove themselves.
    1. BAI
      BAI 17 December 2019 09: 24
      -1
      It’s not good to plagiarize.

      BAI 4 29 November 2019 08: 50

      +8
      Lavrinenko, Samokhin, Burda - all from the 4th Katukov brigade. Coincidence or was he able to grow masters of tank battle?
      1. Olgovich
        Olgovich 17 December 2019 09: 38
        -1
        Quote: BAI
        It’s not good to plagiarize.

        BAI 4 November 29, 2019 08:50

        +8
        Lavrinenko, Samokhin, Burda - all from the 4th Katukov brigade. Coincidence or was he able to grow masters of tank battle?

        You yourself ran into poking you in Your plagiarism:
        : Olgovich (Andrey) 4 November 29 2019 07:23
        +6
        An interesting coincidence: I’m just re-reading Katukov’s memoirs, there are a lot of kind words about Burda.

        Burda,, Petr Molchanov, Lavrinenko- were a lifesaver Katukova under Moscow. Groups of two or three tanks, led by them alone, they literally performed miracles acting from tank ambushes (oh, so it would be in the summer of 41!)

        From memory, the brigade there destroyed 107 tanks and more, having lost 33 of them, of which only 5 were irretrievable.

        As noted by Katukov, with the unconditional enormous skill of Burda, Molchanov and Lavrinenko, they were distinguished in battles by QUARITY, INITIATIVE and LUCK.
        1. BAI
          BAI 17 December 2019 12: 49
          -1
          Ничего подобного.
          You
          Burda,, Pyotr Molchanov, Lavrinenko, were Katukov’s lifesaver near Moscow.
          - have already been given ready. I have - grown. And in your comment today, not ready, but
          manifested precisely in the tank units of Katukov
          1. Olgovich
            Olgovich 18 December 2019 10: 22
            -1
            Quote: BAI
            Burda,, Pyotr Molchanov, Lavrinenko, were Katukov’s lifesaver near Moscow.
            - have already been given ready.

            fool
            You explain to me .... for me? lol
            Quote: BAI
            I have - grown. And in your comment today, not ready, but
            manifested precisely in the tank units of Katukov

            Grown like specialists, they were in the 15th Panzer Division before Katukov, in the summer battles. You could know if you’re writing. But they became ASAMI precisely under the command of Katukov. He gave them a chance to become them, did not hobble them in one-off frontal attacks.
    2. Alexey RA
      Alexey RA 17 December 2019 11: 19
      +2
      Quote: Olgovich
      It seems that the matter is precisely in the leadership: it was Katukov who gave the tankmen the initiative in carrying out tank ambushes and rounds, which gave them the opportunity to prove themselves.

      Quite the contrary: Katukov bound the excessive initiative of the tankers with the strict requirements of the Charter. As it turned out, if you fight according to the Charter, and not reinvent the wheel and run on a rake, then the enemy can be beaten with much smaller losses.
      ... the brigade took the path of firmly fulfilling the constitutional requirements both in relation to the organization of intelligence and in relation to the organization of defense itself. The defense was resilient by [creating] tank firing points both in front and in depth. Moreover, the firing points were nomadic, which did not decipher the defense. In short, the organization of defense was carried out strictly according to the charter.
      © GABTU KA. Department of studying the experience of war.
      1. Olgovich
        Olgovich 17 December 2019 11: 39
        -4
        Quote: Alexey RA
        Quite the contrary: Katukov bound the excessive initiative of the tankers with the strict requirements of the Charter. As it turned out, if you fight according to the Charter, and not reinvent the wheel and run on a rake, then the enemy can be beaten with much smaller losses.

        On the contrary: Show where in the Charter is prohibited .... initiative.

        The Katukovs were given the TASK and the METHOD (tank ambushes). Tanker initiative in its implementation
        He writes about her in his book Katukov M.E. At the tip of the main blow - Militer
        1. Alexey RA
          Alexey RA 17 December 2019 15: 23
          +1
          Quote: Olgovich
          The Katukovs were given the TASK and the METHOD (tank ambushes). Tanker initiative in its implementation
          He writes about it in his book Katukov M.E. At the tip of the main blow - Militer

          The initiative is good when the one who displays it knows and complies with the Charter and the instructions — and improvises on their basis.
          Otherwise, it will be like an improvisation attempt performed by a musician who does not know the notes and cannot normally perform the original piece. No, a couple of nuggets can do this - but the vast majority will have a depressing result.

          By the way, in his memoirs, Katukov talks about the dangers of excessive initiative and the benefits of following the Charter.
          On the morning of October 4, I gave an oral combat order. By this order, the battalion commander-1, captain V. Gusev and the commander of a medium tank company, senior lieutenant A. Burde, was tasked to establish the enemy forces in Orel in two groups with a motorized infantry landing.

          Result:
          Gusev’s detachment (13 tanks and a hundred paratroopers) didn’t conduct reconnaissance when approaching the Eagle, sent forward a platoon of tanks that were discovered and fired by the enemy, then Gusev sent part of his forces (including two KV) to help the advanced platoon - and lost contact with them . Result - the combat mission was not completed, there is no data on the enemy’s forces, the detachment suffered losses.
          Burda’s detachment moved strictly according to the Charter, when approaching Orel, it established contact with local residents, sent forward a foot reconnaissance group, which brought information about the defense system and about the enemy’s forces. He didn’t enter the city, organized an ambush strictly according to instructions and after the first battle he led his group away from the occupied positions (also strictly according to instructions). The result of following the Charter and instructions: the combat mission is completed, intelligence is received, the enemy is damaged.
          1. Olgovich
            Olgovich 18 December 2019 10: 25
            -2
            Quote: Alexey RA
            Initiative is good when manifest she knows and complies with the Charter and instructions - and improvises on their basis.
            Otherwise, it will be like an improvisation attempt performed by a musician who does not know the notes and cannot normally perform the original piece. No, a couple of nuggets can do this - but the vast majority will have a depressing result.

            All right. What are you, actually. argue?
            Quote: Alexey RA
            By the way, in his memoirs, Katukov talks about the dangers of excessive initiative and the benefits of following the Charter.

            So WHERE is the episode harming the initiative? Harm, as clearly indicated, in the non-implementation of the Charter.
          2. Stas57
            Stas57 22 December 2019 21: 11
            0
            Result - the combat mission was not completed, there is no data on the enemy’s forces, the detachment suffered losses.
            Burda’s detachment moved strictly according to the Charter,

            Well, what if the order to recapture the city?
  6. The leader of the Redskins
    The leader of the Redskins 17 December 2019 08: 08
    +2
    Thank you for the article. The cycle you need. The second photo guarded me. Rather, the tank against which the hero was photographed.
    I always knew that the T 34 with a nut turret was a 1943 model. And Lyubushkin died in 1942. How can this be? Without giving up the case, I quickly googled. And you know what?
    Most likely, Ivan Timofeevich was photographed against the background of one of the FIRST tanks with such a tower. It was in the summer of 1942 that the first batch of several tanks was assembled with a new, stamped turret!
    1. Vladimir_2U
      Vladimir_2U 17 December 2019 10: 03
      -1
      Quote: Leader of the Redskins
      tanks with a new stamped turret
      This is a cast "nut", it began to be cast in the spring of 42.
      1. The leader of the Redskins
        The leader of the Redskins 17 December 2019 10: 15
        0
        I can’t define it right away. But in any case, the hexagon is considered "sample 1943". And in the photo there is no commander's cupola, which was decided in the same 43m.
        1. Vladimir_2U
          Vladimir_2U 17 December 2019 10: 25
          +1
          It is the cast tower and it was at the beginning of the 42nd year. Yes, the first modifications went without a turret, but in the 42m year.

          https://tank-t-34.blogspot.com/2010/11/34.html
          Quote: Leader of the Redskins
          But in any case, the hexagon is considered "sample 1943"
          It is with the turret, the 43rd year. Without it, it does not count.
          The stamped tower has noticeably rounded corners, technological limitations.
          1. Svarog51
            Svarog51 17 December 2019 11: 23
            +6
            T-34 with a stamped turret and without a commander's cupola was filmed in the film "Skylark".
            1. Vladimir_2U
              Vladimir_2U 17 December 2019 11: 26
              +1
              Yes, then there were still a lot of cars alive. By the way, the machine gun reservation is in place, in the photo in the article it is not.
              1. Svarog51
                Svarog51 17 December 2019 11: 28
                +6
                By the way, the understudy was the T-34-85. Flickers a couple of times in the frame. hi
                1. Vladimir_2U
                  Vladimir_2U 17 December 2019 11: 30
                  +2
                  Reconsider or something. I don’t really remember already, I’m sure that there’s no idiocy like in the modern version, although there were enough sixties movie troubles.
                  1. Svarog51
                    Svarog51 17 December 2019 11: 36
                    +7
                    I am interested in a modern film precisely by the presence of genuine technology, albeit in a computer version. According to the plot, "T-34" loses much to "Lark". In this I agree with you.
                    1. Vladimir_2U
                      Vladimir_2U 17 December 2019 11: 41
                      +3
                      Enough of commercials, to be honest. Although when the very first one appeared, with completely different actors, he hooked me, but then they connected a non-star, and everything slipped.
                      1. Svarog51
                        Svarog51 17 December 2019 12: 21
                        +7
                        In any case, until I watch the film itself, I do not presume to judge it. Since the tank theme is my favorite, I also watched all the newly made films. "Tanks" are of course trash negative Although the T-34-85 was removed in "Chief Designer," the plot is a cut above it. "Indestructible" is generally difficult to compare with anything - the only plus is the use of HF. From old films I can recommend "The Feat of Farhad" and the rather funny Polish comedy "Lucky Antoni" hi
                      2. Vladimir_2U
                        Vladimir_2U 17 December 2019 12: 31
                        +2
                        Thanks for the "Feat of Farhad"! Somehow, the frames of the ram remained in my memory, but I simply did not know the name of the film, and in Soviet times, repetitions were not particularly pampered. I hope I will not be disappointed. In turn, I recommend a good remake of the Soviet film "Thirteen" - "Sahara", a very decent war drama, though without 34.)
                      3. Svarog51
                        Svarog51 17 December 2019 12: 41
                        +8
                        Thank you, it is in my collection, and in two versions. The first film is black and white, filmed a little earlier. For my part, I will suggest watching the film "Battle for Belgium". Gorgeous shooting about the Ardennes. True, the "main characters" are played by American tanks, "Pershing", "Shermans" and "Chaffee", but the battle scenes were shot superbly.
                      4. Alf
                        Alf 17 December 2019 21: 20
                        0
                        Quote: Svarog51
                        "Battle for Belgium".

                        Is this the exact name? There is nothing on rutrekker.
                      5. Svarog51
                        Svarog51 17 December 2019 21: 25
                        +6
                        Basil hi In the English transcription of the Battle of Belgium, I’m in the English language of Germany. I'll look specifically.
                      6. Svarog51
                        Svarog51 17 December 2019 21: 29
                        +6
                        Wrong, sorry. Here is a link to the movie "Battle of the Bulge"
                        http://filmopotok.ru/film/bitva-v-ardennah.html
                      7. Alf
                        Alf 17 December 2019 21: 30
                        0
                        Quote: Svarog51
                        Wrong, sorry. Here is a link to the movie "Battle of the Bulge"
                        http://filmopotok.ru/film/bitva-v-ardennah.html

                        Thank you, I found 23 gig on rutrekker. hi
                      8. Svarog51
                        Svarog51 17 December 2019 21: 39
                        +6
                        Well, if there is an opportunity to watch in HD, so why not. I downloaded a little less to my collection, and then reformatted it to the desired quality. And there are two with a little gig according to my link.
        2. novel66
          novel66 17 December 2019 12: 21
          0
          Earrings, big ones hi the present film is disgusted, the agitation of poor Demian
          1. Svarog51
            Svarog51 17 December 2019 12: 28
            +6
            Roma hi and good health to you. I have already outlined my attitude - I am interested in genuine technology, well, and its combat use. I still dream to see a film with a worthy plot filmed using modern bells and whistles. But who will listen to my wishes? request
          2. novel66
            novel66 17 December 2019 12: 55
            0
            and if they listen, then who will pull?
          3. Svarog51
            Svarog51 17 December 2019 13: 18
            +7
            I do not know the cinema beau monde so well to name a specific person. Alas. request
          4. novel66
            novel66 17 December 2019 13: 40
            0
            beau monde?? Movie about war??? started joking jokes lol
          5. Svarog51
            Svarog51 17 December 2019 14: 03
            +6
            Do you have any notice of live directors-veterans? Therefore, alas, there is no one to entrust. Otherwise, we get another shnyaga, on which everyone spits. yes
          6. Svarog51
            Svarog51 17 December 2019 21: 33
            +6
            Roma, well, and who are you so hooked that even the neutral koment minusanuli. I do not believe that this is Seryoga, and he is busy. Confess who stepped on the throat?
          7. novel66
            novel66 18 December 2019 07: 26
            +1
            maybe someone else, for the mother-in-law offended
  • Ros 56
    Ros 56 17 December 2019 09: 12
    +2
    Eternal memory to our fathers and grandfathers who fell for their homeland.
  • BAI
    BAI 17 December 2019 09: 18
    0
    detonation of ammunition. Lyubushkin and the gunner were killed right away, the radio operator shooter was seriously wounded, only the mechanic driver Safonov remained unharmedwho managed to leave the tank before it was engulfed in flames.

    With the detonation of the ammunition no one survives.
    1. Vladimir_2U
      Vladimir_2U 17 December 2019 10: 13
      0
      People in open hatches blew out, there were such cases. In addition, the ignition of gunpowder can also be called detonation. And even then easily.
      1. BAI
        BAI 17 December 2019 13: 12
        0
        According to the combat regulations, the tanks went into battle with battened hatches. Despite the problem - the wounded tankers could not open the hatch and died. With detonation - do not survive.
        1. Vladimir_2U
          Vladimir_2U 17 December 2019 13: 15
          0
          Detonation didn’t always happen immediately after a tank’s defeat,
          Quote: BAI
          only the mechanic driver Safonov remained unharmed, who managed to leave the tank beforeas he was engulfed in flames
          just this case.
        2. Alexey RA
          Alexey RA 17 December 2019 15: 37
          +1
          Quote: BAI
          According to the combat regulations, the tanks went into battle with battened hatches.

          And according to the memoirs, the hatches were not completely closed. Moreover, the open hatch of the mechanical drive on tanks of the release of 1940-1942. was for the driver (and often for the crew) the only normal means of viewing the terrain.
          What helped me? T-34 in the battle is deaf and blind, when you close the hatch - the triplex is small, not a damn thing is visible. If you are afraid of death - so you can hatch. I thought that only a stray bullet could fly into an open hatch, or a German would bayonet with a bayonet if he ran up. Therefore, he always drove a tank with an open hatch.
          © Borodin M.I., mechanical drive T-34
          And it was known about this from the very beginning:
          In practical work on driving a tank with a closed hatch, significant shortcomings of viewing devices were revealed. When driving on a contaminated dirt road and virgin soil for 5-10 minutes, viewing devices clog up with dirt until complete loss of visibility. The wiper of the central unit does not clean the protective glass from dirt. Driving a tank with a closed hatch is extremely difficult.
          The driver’s sight gauges are generally unsuitable.

          During the tests of the T-34 at the test site, where the enemy's defensive zone with standard defensive structures was equipped, the crew was able to find only two machine-gun nests. And it was the mechanic who found them. And this despite the fact that the "enemy's" fire weapons fired blank.
  • fighter angel
    fighter angel 17 December 2019 11: 02
    +2
    Eternal memory to the real Hero!
    Sergey, thank you for the article!
    Please write more.
    Whatever, and whoever says anything, NEEDS TO KNOW AND REMEMBER SUCH PEOPLE!
    It is our duty to the fallen ...
  • depressant
    depressant 17 December 2019 13: 38
    +2
    What a handsome man! Well, just look what his look is - piercing time, era! As if a person sees something so important for the universe and his destiny in realizing this important thing, that now no one is given to see it. Already a frost on the skin. What kind of people were ...
  • Romka47
    Romka47 17 December 2019 14: 38
    +2
    Eternal memory to heroes !!!
    the truth is that in the article I did not understand, in the T-34 (which he could have fought at that time), there were 4 crew members, a mechanic, a gunner, a loader and a commander (he also served as a gunner) but ..
    The tank, in which at that time senior sergeant Ivan Lyubushkin was a gunner, received an order
    The commander of a tank platoon, Lieutenant Kukarkin, also entered the crew of his car in this battle.
    The shell pierced the armor and injured the crew
    Shooter-radio operator Duvanov and driver Fyodorov were wounded and severely stunned, clothes lit up on Lieutenant Kukarkin, The only place left to Kukarkin (commander of a tank platoon) is the loader ???
    Somehow something strongly doesn’t stick together, even if we assume that Kukarkin served as a commander, and there was another 5 unknown loaders (where they all turned around in the tower for 41 years), then why:
    Kukarkin climbed to help the wounded, and Lyubushkin continued to fire.
    ... Lyubushkin makes a decision...
    1. Cetron
      Cetron 17 December 2019 18: 27
      +2
      What do not you understand? There is a war, not to sentiment. A young, inexperienced lieutenant only from the school accepted the post of commander of the platoon, most likely replaced the dead or wounded. Go to battle, and the crew Art. Sergeant Lyubushkin has no loader, the lieutenant still does not know how to fight, but he will be suitable for the role of loader in his first battle. If he survives, he will be a good tanker, there is someone to learn from.
      By the way: in the spring of 42, Lyubushkin is already a lieutenant.
  • Vanya Vasilievich
    Vanya Vasilievich 17 December 2019 16: 36
    +4
    Have something to read
  • nikon7717
    nikon7717 17 December 2019 23: 22
    0
    Eternal memory to heroes!
    Thank you for the story.