Military Review

Is there a threat? Russian software against American democracy

40

Do we stop Americans from spitting in our soup?



The US Federal Bureau of Investigation believes that any software developed in Russia poses a potential “counterintelligence threat”. The term itself, by the way, deserves a separate consideration, but more on that below. In the meantime, we note that the FBI’s opinion was not expressed in ordinary conversation, even if senior officials of the department, but in the official response of the department to the no less official request of the Democratic leader in the US Senate.

This request was caused by the sensational FaceApp application, developed by Russian programmers, who skillfully (and still knows how) to transform people's faces in various ways. A person (or rather, his photo) using very advanced algorithms can be artificially aged, rejuvenated, made smiling or gloomy, or even forced to change sex. It would seem that an ordinary electronic toy, the fashion for which will pass as suddenly as it started. But no, in the USA they took care that the application has access to photos on the user's smartphone, and decided that in this way the Russian special services can steal the secrets of the stronghold of democracy.

In principle, if US intelligence agents are in the habit of photographing pages of secret documents, ciphers of secret codes of government communications, drawings of military equipment, then such fears may indeed prove reasonable. True, even in this case there is one small “but”: how many employees will need to be hired and trained by the Foreign Intelligence Service of Russia, so that among the many millions of daily incoming photos to select those that are at least of some interest to the special services? But the Americans probably know better ...

But, as noted above, we are now talking about the fact that Russian programs and applications have some kind of “counterintelligence threat”. That is, what is it? With these applications, are we stopping Americans from carrying out intelligence operations against Russia? The classic "guard, these evil Russians again prevent us from spitting on them in borsch"? Just the word "counterintelligence" does not leave too wide a field for interpretations - it turns out that they are spying, and we somehow threaten this.

There are no complaints about the programs, but ...


Okay, let's write it off on the complexity of the translation, although sources like Russia Today have never had much difficulty with English. In any case, it is rather a psychological nuance, albeit eloquent.

But there are others. Let me remind you that the sharp concern of Americans with the functionality of Russian software appeared after the Crimean events and the introduction of anti-Russian sanctions. Surely many people remember that at first Kaspersky Lab, the largest Russian software producer, fell under the "distribution". Then, almost by order of magnitude, the American government agencies that massively used the antiviruses of this company recommended switching to software from other, not Russian, manufacturers.

Knowing the scrupulousness of Americans in matters of national security, one wonders a simple question: why did the Russian manufacturer's antiviruses not cause any complaints to the FBI before? And there is only one reasonable answer to it: but they simply did not pose any threat. But the political situation changed, even the appearance of partnership disappeared, the Kremlin no longer wanted to play according to American geopolitical rules, and the threat was instantly revealed ...

Moreover, if you look at what American experts say about this, it turns out that even now they do not have direct evidence of the maliciousness of programs developed by Russian programmers. Yes, you heard right: there are no complaints about the programs themselves. But our overseas friends are embarrassed that the program servers are located in Russia, and the developers too. So, it is potentially easier for Russian special services to access these products and user data.

And if so, programs can be declared unreliable, potentially dangerous and try to ruin their reputation. What is now being done with enviable persistence.

It should be noted that the export of Russian software is growing quite rapidly. So, according to the report of the non-profit partnership “Russoft” for the 2018 year, the growth of foreign sales of domestic software amounted to 16,6% and reached in absolute terms 8,8 billion dollars. According to some estimates, it even exceeded 10 billion dollars - a good indicator for a "gas station country." Russian service companies in the IT industry took 8 places in the top-100, our developers traditionally held high positions in the field of information security.

And this, we note, a few years after the introduction of anti-Russian sanctions, despite the waves of anti-Russian hysteria, periodically overwhelming the Western media. Earlier, in 2015 and 2016, the industry also experienced growth by 11-12% - slightly lower, but still very good, agree. And it is entirely possible that it was this stable growth that attracted the attention of our “partners”.

Murphy's Law Freedom


Alas, we must state: the Russian IT industry is now in a very difficult position. The fact is that the demand for software in Russia itself is still lower than outside. Accordingly, domestic companies receive the lion's share of their profits from exports. If the total turnover of domestic software companies in 2018 was estimated at approximately 16,87 billion dollars, then export, as noted above, accounted for about 10 billion. Accordingly, the separation of our companies from foreign markets will hit them very hard and become extremely painful.

I would venture to suggest that this is the main goal of our dear overseas friends. No, not competition - at this stage we are still too weak to confront American IT giants like Microsoft or Google, although it’s better to stifle competitors in the bud, it’s true. Rather, this is another opportunity to hit Russia, and the Americans simply could not miss it.

Probably many people know about Murphy's playful law. In a free translation, it sounds something like this: "If some kind of trouble can happen, it certainly happens." Probably, in modern politics, his rephrased version is used: “If you can, without risking much, make some muck of Russia, then it will certainly be done.”

This is exactly what we are observing with the example of quite dubious accusations made against Russian software. To impose sanctions on Russian software manufacturers is quite problematic: the WTO, retaliatory sanctions, a possible blow to American software companies in Russia. At the same time, to observe how, despite pressure in Russia, the industry, which is important for its security and sovereignty, is developing quite actively, it is simply unbearable.

Therefore, probably, the path of persecution, unproven, but loud accusations, slander was chosen. Moreover, in the USA there are enough forces that will gladly support this game. Including the Senate Democrats and the FBI.

So everything, alas, is natural. As they say, both cheap and cheerful. There are accusations, they sound quite seriously for the layman, and no punishment is foreseen for them. The fact that these accusations have never been proven has no interest in anyone at all: chasing an ordinary American, one should not be distracted by such trifles as facts.
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  1. rocket757
    rocket757 5 December 2019 15: 07
    +3
    Own software is not so much a technical problem as organizational and the discipline of everyone and everything! Here is such a hitch!
    1. Lexus
      Lexus 5 December 2019 15: 27
      +12
      Hi Victor hi
      About the discipline of everyone and everything very accurately noticed)
      1. Hunter 2
        Hunter 2 5 December 2019 15: 54
        +3
        Hi Aleksey! Are you preparing the whole world revolution ??? wink
        Hrenchik - We have already survived our Revolutions! yes
        1. Lexus
          Lexus 5 December 2019 16: 08
          +5
          Alexey, hello! Do not wind.
          Only the people have the right to decide their fate. And he is the creator of History.
          I am with the people. And you?
          1. Hunter 2
            Hunter 2 5 December 2019 16: 19
            +7
            Apparently I am - Against the Blood ... I saw a lot of it, I don’t want it anymore. With all due respect - Nonsense is all this, changes are needed - Evolutionary! I will soon be banned for repeating the same phrase! feel
            1. Lexus
              Lexus 5 December 2019 16: 29
              +2
              Lesh, all life is a struggle! Nothing can be done about it. Thanks to the efforts of today's "evolutionists", we will soon get up on all fours again and lose our speechlessness ...
              Patent the phrase, and everything will be all right. And you’ll expand your economy with royalties and help people. Hello to your Dear and all the best.
              1. Hunter 2
                Hunter 2 5 December 2019 16: 47
                +2
                Alex, yes, I don’t need Me - Fighting ... I need - the sea, twice a year, I need good people nearby so that the Kids don’t get sick, 150 gr - on Friday at dinner ... corny Everything, but as it is. drinks
                The economy is flourishing! Oviparousness - has increased dramatically, Varvara - sheathed all the hens with oak trees ... ducks and Geese - at the same time. Votzhe Terrorist spawned crying
          2. ul_vitalii
            ul_vitalii 5 December 2019 16: 55
            +1
            Quote: lexus
            Alexey, hello! Do not wind.
            Only the people have the right to decide their fate. And he is the creator of History.
            I am with the people. And you?

            Quote: lexus
            I am with the people. And you?

            Is everything normal with your head? belay Is there a loafer?
            1. Lexus
              Lexus 5 December 2019 17: 08
              +3
              They grabbed the wrong "microphone". Usually children from a young age are taught not to pull anything into their mouths without hitting them. Be rude to your own kind, please.
              1. Hunter 2
                Hunter 2 5 December 2019 17: 16
                +5
                Aleksey, Where Am I - Are You Naughty? request did not share your views ??? Duc at Me, I have My own head. I - in general, I do not welcome rudeness. hi
              2. ul_vitalii
                ul_vitalii 5 December 2019 17: 21
                -1
                Quote: lexus
                They grabbed the wrong "microphone". Usually children from a young age are taught not to pull anything into their mouths without hitting them. Be rude to your own kind, please.

                Aren't you taking on a lot? "Not a boor." Or did you not crawl out of the corner in childhood?
      2. rocket757
        rocket757 5 December 2019 17: 42
        +3
        hi Aleksey soldier
        Quote: lexus
        About the discipline of everyone and everything very accurately noticed

        Well, you correctly noticed that there was a hint of DISCIPLINE !!! where necessary and for those who are POSED!
        Immediately flew in, minus one, and you also reproached you for what you guess yourself !!!
        In matters, not even criticism, but a call for elementary decency and the performance of one's official duties, automatically leads to enrollment in the ranks ... in the ranks of those who are not HOLD and the PEOPLE who live in it!
        Madhouse on the road and his ranks do not impoverish him!
        Okay, now it’ll fly to me!
    2. Vol4ara
      Vol4ara 6 December 2019 10: 14
      +2
      What is the article about, if you give a third-party program access to your camera, internal and external memory, then yes, then it can be a threat if you are a senior military officer or official
      1. rocket757
        rocket757 6 December 2019 10: 22
        0
        Quote: Vol4ara
        What is the article about, if you give a third-party program access to your camera, internal and external memory, then yes, then it can be a threat if you are a senior military officer or official

        Any article, if it does not cross the line of reason, cultural standards are violated, this is an occasion to reflect. If the problem is highlighted correctly, think twice!
  2. The comment was deleted.
    1. carstorm 11
      carstorm 11 5 December 2019 15: 27
      -1
      do not worry) Putin will not go to the next term. By adopting such not popular laws, such as pension reform, and taking on criticism, he showed this more than specifically.
      1. Lexus
        Lexus 5 December 2019 15: 44
        +6
        "The guard is tired!" (C) sailor Zheleznyak.
    2. The comment was deleted.
    3. Krasnodar
      Krasnodar 5 December 2019 16: 07
      +3
      Quote: lexus
      Oh, is it? But this picture is much more "happy" for me ...

      and this

      You have a decent alternative to GDP ...
      1. Lexus
        Lexus 5 December 2019 16: 18
        +8
        You have a decent alternative to GDP ...

        Do you think that in a country with almost 147 million population (according to Rosstat) there will be no? Moreover, with such and such "advantages" ...
        1. Krasnodar
          Krasnodar 5 December 2019 16: 23
          0
          Can I have names? )))
          1. Lexus
            Lexus 5 December 2019 16: 53
            +5
            Yes, please ... Dictionary of Russian personal names / Petrovsky N.A. /
            https://azbyka.ru/deti/slovar-russkih-lichnyh-imen-petrovskij
            1. Krasnodar
              Krasnodar 5 December 2019 16: 53
              0
              Drain counted))
              1. DEDPIHTO
                DEDPIHTO 5 December 2019 19: 18
                +5
                Krasnodar, why make such nerves for the lack of Jewish names on the list, after all, it is not possible to steer the Jews every time .. especially when they are driven to the bottom ..
                1. Krasnodar
                  Krasnodar 5 December 2019 20: 04
                  +3
                  In the sense of Ivan, Moria, Jacob, etc.? )))
                  Are present
                  And about stolen, can I learn more? lol
          2. sabakina
            sabakina 5 December 2019 21: 40
            0
            Quote: Krasnodar
            Can I have names? )))

            Will Vyacheslav fit?
            1. Krasnodar
              Krasnodar 5 December 2019 21: 49
              +5
              Does Vyacheslav have a surname? )))
  3. knn54
    knn54 5 December 2019 15: 15
    +4
    The US does not tolerate competition where it cannot do better
    1. Professor
      Professor 5 December 2019 15: 54
      +6
      Quote: knn54
      The US does not tolerate competition where it cannot do better

      No one tolerates competition. However, in this case, the concerns of the United States are justified. Today you can’t trust imported Po, and even more so enemy.
  4. parusnik
    parusnik 5 December 2019 15: 22
    -1
    The main positive ... the USA are furious, and the growth of foreign sales of domestic software amounted to 16,6% and reached in absolute terms 8,8 billion dollars. According to some estimates, it even exceeded $ 10 billion - a good indicator for a "gas station country." Only, one interests, all 10 lard came to the budget? .. or only taxes ...
    1. Spetruk
      Spetruk 5 December 2019 15: 33
      +6
      Are you seriously? What are some grades? It looks like a manipulation! Are you aware that all mobile applications are sold through the application store of a specific platform? For iOS - AppStore, for Android - PlayMarket. Now attention! Each store takes about 50% of the app purchase / in-app purchases to itself! And of these, Google and Apple pay taxes in the United States, because these companies are American. What is the conclusion? They don’t care whose application it is, if it’s cool, everyone will benefit: the application developer, Apple, Google and the US tax)

      And if in essence, then this whole situation seems to me to be just banal lobbyists' tales about an external enemy, which are stuffed here and here in order to further inflate the defense budget.
      1. parusnik
        parusnik 5 December 2019 17: 01
        +1
        Are you seriously?
        .... That's how it is, usually after most of my comments, I put an emoticon denoting sarcasm .... I didn’t put it here ... But I had to ... smile
      2. big_boss
        big_boss 8 December 2019 17: 33
        0
        It's like that! I agree with the author
    2. Professor
      Professor 5 December 2019 16: 02
      +6
      Quote: parusnik
      The main positive ... the USA are furious, and the growth of foreign sales of domestic software amounted to 16,6% and reached in absolute terms 8,8 billion dollars. According to some estimates, it even exceeded $ 10 billion - a good indicator for a "gas station country." Only, one interests, all 10 lard came to the budget? .. or only taxes ...

      Bad, CEP, bad. Your revenues from oil and gas export alone amounted to $ 165 billion. Russian software is not as quoted on the world market as Russian programmers. Here they are truly an export item. The truth is lost for the budget.
  5. Alien From
    Alien From 5 December 2019 15: 37
    +2
    "" Classic "guard, these evil Russians again prevent us from spitting in their borscht"? "" Gold words!
  6. Sasha_2
    Sasha_2 5 December 2019 16: 40
    +1
    I recall the scandal with Kaspersky began when it automatically uploaded a confidential file from the user's computer to the Kaspersky server for analysis. I don’t remember exactly what, but it seems like some kind of hacker program.
    About smartphones, it’s clear to the hedgehog that this in itself is a security hole. All within the framework of goodwill and trust in the developer. No trust + competition - problems in global markets, where players are already full. For example, right now and TikTok Chinese are pressed for the same reasons - potential surveillance of users. About Huawei probably all in the know.
    In Russia, I remember in general the replacement of foreign software is a state program.
    1. rocket757
      rocket757 5 December 2019 17: 51
      +1
      Quote: Sasha_2
      In Russia, I remember in general the replacement of foreign software is a state program.

      To fulfill which must begin with oneself, ALL statesmen and not husbands too !!! Led by the fact, everyone understands with KEM!
      1. Sasha_2
        Sasha_2 5 December 2019 20: 48
        0
        To return to the times when a Japanese TV or tape recorder seemed a miracle? Everything should be reasonable. If you take some kind of Yandex and imagine how much it invests in the final product itself - there the account will go for fractions of a percent (Well maybe percent), the rest is technologies developed somewhere. And isolation coupled with a lack of competition. will slowly drive Russian products to the state of Sberbank 20 years ago
        1. rocket757
          rocket757 5 December 2019 21: 13
          0
          If you do nothing, then nothing will happen. Oh yes, do not rush my slippers, Russia is backward and we do not have specialists ... ha, ha! We have goals, tasks only in words for people, and PEOPLE have not forgotten how it can / should be and what, how, how to achieve it, how it turns out when they are not engaged in boltalogy, but in business!
          By the way, none of our upper tongues pulled when they loudly .... talked, we must, we must!
          A simple question, is it just that, they are sweeping languages ​​or have outlined an action plan ???
          After all, I don’t expect anything from these chatters, they drove through, I’m just JOKING!
  7. Nitarius
    Nitarius 6 December 2019 05: 48
    0
    whose cow would mumble ... but they were silent! THEIR SOFT is insolently tracking .. and they bark!
  8. MoJloT
    MoJloT 6 December 2019 12: 44
    0
    Shout "Stop thief"!
  9. Arkon
    Arkon 8 December 2019 09: 12
    +1
    Russia is one of a small group of countries that has a national search engine, social networks, instant messengers, antiviruses, navigation programs - everything that makes up the familiar environment of a modern "information man". Moreover, Russia has created its own processor, network controllers, programs for speech and visual recognition have been developed, and they have already been adapted for Russian hardware. In fact, Russia is rapidly gaining information independence.
    Who might like this? laughing