Military Review

Professions of the future. What to teach new generations?

93
Professions of the future. What to teach new generations?

Dangerous future



The problem of employment of future generations only at first glance seems simple and easily solved. The main trend is the widespread robotization and computerization of almost all spheres of human life, which automatically frees up a lot of human resources. Look around: in the cities, bank cash desks practically disappeared, everyone switched to electronic payments and transfers. Over the past five to six years, several waves of mass reductions in the Russian banking sector have passed. Another couple of bills restricting the circulation of paper money, and only programmers will remain among bank employees.

This trend has long reigned in Europe. In Germany, for example, it is impossible to buy a car for cash at all in a car dealership. On the one hand, this approach allows total control over the movement of money supply, and on the other hand it forces corrupt officials to buy apartments for storing hundreds of kilograms of cash. In the distant future, the situation could be seriously complicated - there will simply be no jobs for the ever-growing population of the Earth. Indeed, even now, if organizations are transferred across Russia to real electronic document management and electronic databases, then a quarter, or even a third of employees can be safely dismissed. And in the future, it will be necessary for the population suffering from idleness to come up with artificial professions, the effectiveness of which is of no interest to anyone. The state largely clings to the class of workers in their country: if they go on a massive strike, the economy will collapse. This, by the way, was the basis of all revolutions, and the rulers had to listen to the voice of the working people. If nothing depends on millions of citizens, their hands will not be needed, then the state does not particularly need them.

What consequences this will lead, I think, to fantasize unnecessarily. Now even the name for this layer of people has been invented - useless class, or "useless class." But I hasten to reassure, this is only the most pessimistic scenario for the development of the proposed future. Still, most futurists agree on the principles of a serious transformation of the labor market, rather than its disappearance.


The most important feature of all changes in the future will be their incredible speed. For example, global Internet traffic from 2005 to 2021 years should grow 127 times! It applies not only to gadgets and PCs, but also to things around us: refrigerators, televisions, and so on. A couple of years will pass, and for every inhabitant of the Earth there will be at least three devices connected to the World Wide Web. Naturally, this directly affects jobs. “Smart devices” will force people out of the sphere of mass production once and for all, forcing them to search for new areas of application of their personal time and potential. Here, a person has one indisputable advantage even over the most advanced robot or program: he is able to think creatively. The so-called customization of industrial production, services and the knowledge economy so far gives hope that a person will be needed somewhere. It seems that the engineer of the future will generally not need to know the basic physical laws - artificial intelligence will calculate everything for him, and the animated creator will only add a few touches that “humanize” the final product. Or it will just be enough for him to generate an idea, and a conditional computer will do everything further on himself.


Auto Curve

In this regard, the analysis of the American economist David Autor, who tracked the changes in employment in the United States industry from 1980 to 2005, looks very interesting. A summary of his work can be found in the collection “Skills of the future. What you need to know and be able to in a new complex world. "

The outreach revealed a twenty-five-year trend towards a decrease in the employment of mid-level specialists, with a simultaneous increase in the need for highly skilled workers. Roughly speaking, it is very expensive to change the top link to robots and programs, while the creative potential of a person is much cheaper. At the same time, there is an increase in the need for low-skilled labor - here also the widespread introduction of automation will pay off only in decades, if not later. Of course, in this situation, the flows of labor migrants who are ready to work for low wages are seriously saving. And what to do when the economic effect of introducing robots into the guest workers sector at one point outweighs all the costs? Already, Kiva robots, of which the giant Amazon has more than 50 thousand, are completely replacing low-skilled warehouse workers. By the way, in Russia, by the way, we can still be calm - in the country, in 10000 jobs, there are only 1 industrial robots in the country. But in the USA this number reached 176, in Japan 305, and in Korea in general 531.


Kiva Robot in the Amazon Empire

In addition to ousting workers from industrial enterprises, automation creates another benefit - the exclusion of a number of intermediaries between the producer of the goods and its consumer. The example of Yandex.Taxi is the most vivid confirmation of this - a whole class of coordinators, managers and dispatchers flew into the pipe, noticeably raising the average cost of the service.

Learn in a new way?


In connection with the wave of total automation approaching us, it is time to think about what skills our children need. Incidentally, Benjamin Bloom, professor of pedagogy at the University of Chicago, thought about this much earlier (in the 50 of the last century). He proposed ranking in terms of complexity and relevance six mental (cognitive) tasks in ascending order: remember, recognize, apply, analyze, evaluate and create. That is, the classic postulate “cramming at school is everything” in the last century turned out to be flawed. Now, at the top of the trend, children should have the ability to isolate components from the system and describe how the parts relate to each other and to the whole. At the next level - the ability to evaluate, that is, make their own judgments based on external or internal criteria. Finally, the most important are the ability to create a fundamentally new, to determine the components of a new structure, to connect existing parts for the emergence of a new one. Actually, the formation of the future should be built on these three pillars. The only question is - how?

Let us leave the problems of creating new schools for teachers, and consider for ourselves what else futurologists are preparing for us in the near future in the labor market. The relevance of the human imagination comes to the fore, which so far exceeds the machine imagination by several orders of magnitude. And there is an assumption that a computer will never be equal to a person in this category. Therefore, in the industry of games, video, music, scripts and all that sort of thing, you can quite look for your descendants a “warm” place. In addition, demand is expected for professions in which robotization cannot replace human-human communication. For example, a teacher, mentor, mentor, or coach (call whatever you want) will never go out of trend. At the same time, a deep individualization of the learning process will come to the fore. Feel the modern relevance of tutors? These are the first signs of the future.

Humanity is slowly but surely increasing its average life expectancy. In this regard, we are waiting for the development of a whole range of services aimed at older people. It will be about the same as whole corporations are working on children's interests now.

Now, in connection with the described problems, the possibility of introducing future unconditional basic income (handsome fellowship), which would guarantee the basic needs of all members of society, is being seriously considered. And this is not unemployment benefit - in Finland, from January 1 of 2017 of the year 2000, the unemployed were paid 560 euros, while payments did not stop when a person was employed. In a far-reaching version, even the restructuring of the whole consciousness of a person is considered: now he will not need to take care of earning, and the freed up time will be spent on communication, helping others, pleasure and self-realization.

However, the main trend in the education of future generations should be the rejection of such linear professions (“affairs of a lifetime”), leaving which would put an end to the future career. A person should be able to quickly and efficiently rebuild, find new applications of his potential and areas of self-realization. Simply put, they fired from the post of advertising manager - he became a blogger. And how he exhausted himself on Youtube, quickly retrained and began to design residential buildings. And modern education only needs to find tools for the formation of these "universal" skills.
Author:
Photos used:
sunmag.me, atlas100.ru, robotrends.ru
93 comments
Ad

Subscribe to our Telegram channel, regularly additional information about the special operation in Ukraine, a large amount of information, videos, something that does not fall on the site: https://t.me/topwar_official

Information
Dear reader, to leave comments on the publication, you must sign in.
  1. Uncle lee
    Uncle lee 1 December 2019 05: 52
    +12
    the freed time will be spent on communication, helping others, pleasure and self-realization.
    This is Joseph Vissarionovich planned, adding sports and art!
    1. Stas157
      Stas157 1 December 2019 08: 23
      +35
      . change the top link for robots and programs is very expensive human creativity while much cheaper

      I disagree. The "creative" potential of the government and thieving officials costs the people more. If there were smart robots, the situation would clearly improve! And the robot does not row for itself and does not suit in the guide to acquaintance and kinship.
      . "Yandex.Taxi "the most vivid confirmation of this - a whole class of coordinators, managers and dispatchers flew into the pipe, noticeably raising the average cost of the service

      I don’t know how in Moscow, but in other cities Yandex fights taxi drivers more than local operators. The focal points were reduced, but their exorbitant appetite was not.
      . it is on these three pillars that the education of the future should be built.

      I would add the main whale - morality. Without it, the other three can work to the detriment of society. After all, the result can be an educated villain and a complete egoist. The ideal consumer according to Fursenko. It is no coincidence that right now, the main request in our society is justice. This is something that the grassroots people lack.
      1. shura7782
        shura7782 1 December 2019 09: 28
        +13
        Quote: Stas157
        I don’t know how in Moscow, but in other cities Yandex fights taxi drivers more than local operators. The focal points were reduced, but their exorbitant appetite was not.

        In our regional city, first Yandex lowered the prices for services, while increasing the number of taxi drivers and increasing their income. Anyone who had a car older than six years (it would seem very plausible) was not taken in Yandex. As a result, taxi drivers whose car was over six years old could not compete. Yandex in "fair competition" ditched a competitor and then lifted its prices and the approach to the age of the car became softer.
        Everything is done for the good of man. Only this person lives in Moscow and rakes money., And while we guys are thinking whether to marry or not. , have a baby or wait until better times. If the pipeline works somewhere else, then we’ll wait.
        Maybe ....... wait and see.
      2. Proxima
        Proxima 1 December 2019 12: 47
        +13
        Maybe you shouldn’t be smart, but just return Soviet education ?! Finishing the Soviet secondary school, a young man (girl) received a harmonious balanced education, which allowed him to realize himself in all areas of activity. It would not be an exaggeration to say that it was school teachers who launched the Energy-Buran into space (indirectly, of course). What are the current Russian teachers capable of - better to remain silent ...
        1. Vadim237
          Vadim237 1 December 2019 15: 19
          -8
          “It will not be an exaggeration if I say that it was school teachers who launched Energia-Buran into space (indirectly, of course). What today's Russian teachers are capable of is better to be silent ...” - For the same and even more.
          1. Ingvar 72
            Ingvar 72 1 December 2019 15: 49
            +8
            Quote: Vadim237
            On the same and even more.

            And Vadik? What do not start ??? Where is a breakthrough in at least one technological field? laughing
            1. Vadim237
              Vadim237 1 December 2019 23: 35
              -1
              They are in: thermonuclear energy, the world's most powerful laser unit for compressing thermonuclear fuels will be launched next year in Dubna, in additive technologies, human skin was printed on our 3D printer on the ISS and are conducting experiments with the printing of bones and organs, in hypersonic aerodynamics - Zircon and Vanguard are proof of this, in radar - the photon radar that is currently testing KRET, in rocket engines in 2016 they created the world's first working model of a ramjet + rocket engine, in space power plants kakh - Rosatom is completing the creation of a nuclear power reactor, in materials science in Russia they have created a dozen unique alloys for: space, technology, aviation, engineering, others, nothing else is standing still and Russia is the same. You can do whatever you want - now the main thing is that this creation is beneficial and pays for its creation - admittedly, Buran Energy unfortunately did not demonstrate this for its intended purpose - only in pieces.
        2. evgeniy.plotnikov.2019mail.ru
          evgeniy.plotnikov.2019mail.ru 3 December 2019 15: 28
          0
          Dear Proxima, it’s impossible to return the Soviet education to the current kingdom-state. RK (,, Russia Capitalist ,,) has nothing to do with soviet power. For starters, you need, quite a bit, to return power to the people of labor, to return power to the Soviet Union. But the West and our fifth column did not dismantle the authorities of PEOPLE in order to return them to people again after a certain time. After all, then they (people-humans) l and with to about in about will ask to get down from the neck of artfully made crooks. And the proxies already liked to ride.
          Pokatushki should pass, without a hitch, ,,,, without a nail and a rod ,, ... etc. etc. Therefore, the culture of prokhendeyev is imposed on us - the cult of crime, the cult of power, the cult of fornication ... It’s easier for idiots to manipulate, it is easier to make them meekly turn their necks.
          And for centuries they have been using the principle of divide and conquer. ,, Separate ,, generation, share ,, fathers and children ,,. Including, stories about advanced generations of the future. Which will also show starters! Showed already. And more than once. Already under communism, we lived, and we got separate apartments ... By the way, we already got apartments, both in the late USSR and in the early RK. Separate, for each family.
          Proverbial verbiage forever ignored by Heaven. If people tolerate them, then for some reason they think that heaven will tolerate them. No and no, ,, yachts of my heart ,,. Times and deadlines are completely and unequivocally DEFINED. They look at you for some time, ,, eccentrics ,, ... And then: ,, Who didn’t hide, I’m not to blame ... ,, And you will have robots and new professions ... By the way, in the Donbass, , robots, called including drunkards and loafers, whom the militias caught and persistently asked to work hard for a day or two for the good of New Russia. By digging trenches, loading drawers with ammunition, cleaning rooms and the surrounding area. And some of the pranks were so drawn in that after a while they became decent soldiers. Experience is
          1. Proxima
            Proxima 3 December 2019 16: 17
            0
            You certainly dug deep! hi Textbooks on algebra, physics, geometry, biology, chemistry and so on - can they be stupidly reprinted without changes? And this fucking exam to cancel? Well, at least so ... request
        3. your1970
          your1970 8 December 2019 18: 32
          +1
          Quote: Proxima
          Maybe you shouldn’t be smart, but just return the Soviet education ?! Finishing the Soviet secondary school, a young man (girl) received a harmonious balanced education, which allowed him to realize himself in all areas of activity.
          -ag ...
          "And if you are a bad student, you will go to vocational school !!" © folk 70 years...
    2. Boris55
      Boris55 1 December 2019 08: 44
      +4
      Quote: Uncle Lee
      This is Joseph Vissarionovich planned, adding sports and art!

      First of all, the free time must be used for your personal development and the development of your family, both physical and intellectual. It is from this that one must take pleasure, otherwise everyone may think of unknown about what will lead to unknown where.

      As for the question in the title of the article: "Professions of the future. What to teach new generations?"- depends on our dream. What we want to build, what results to achieve, what we leave for our children - that’s what we need to learn.

      In the USSR, they dreamed that apple trees would bloom on Mars. Although they did not bloom there, we are the first in space, minke whales still fly on our engines. So: "Dream, you have to dream, children of the great tribe."
    3. Svarog
      Svarog 1 December 2019 09: 08
      +13
      Humanity is slowly but surely increasing its average life expectancy.

      Humanity is possible and increases life expectancy .. but Russia does not contribute to this issue .. The population is steadily dying out .. and it’s clear that the robotization problem does not threaten us .. Robotization, as usual, will come to Russia 20 years late ..a by then, our officials will already reduce the population of Russians ..
      But if you assume and dream ... about the beautiful distant .. Then all problems are solved simply - SOCIALISM! Socialism develops a creative person and the robot will help ..
      1. Uncle lee
        Uncle lee 1 December 2019 09: 24
        +18

        Sorry, but this will not happen ....
  2. Pessimist22
    Pessimist22 1 December 2019 05: 55
    +5
    These are dreams of a wonderful future, in Japan and Korea there is such a term "burned out at work" in spite of automation, they plow even more, capitalists only dream of cutting the working day and raising their wages smile
    1. carstorm 11
      carstorm 11 1 December 2019 06: 26
      +6
      I'm afraid it's not a dream but a trend. Well, as an example, a small clipping from an article
      Examples from my experience: in an IT company, a business analyst and a system analyst work in tandem, on a TV - a video designer and editor, in the field of Internet marketing - a web site designer and layout designer. There are many examples of the work of specialists at the intersection of professions. So, increasingly in the labor market requires professionals who can cover both professions. understand the trends? and what’s important by the way is everything possible. soon in the very near future, the average worker in almost any field will simply not be able to get a job without gaining knowledge in tandem professions.
      1. Keyser soze
        Keyser soze 1 December 2019 11: 35
        +8
        on TV - a video designer and editor, in the field of Internet marketing - a web site designer and layout designer.


        Truth. I’m a marketer, but in the last year video marketing has developed very much and companies are starting to use video clips in advertising massively. And one clip from professionals costs 10-20 000 euros. So I had to study for the last year as a student - I learned to fly on Mavic 2, editing, DaVinci Resolve, how to shoot in the air and on the ground, etc., etc.

        If I want to survive in the market, I must learn every single day in my 50s.
        1. carstorm 11
          carstorm 11 1 December 2019 13: 34
          +3
          exactly. it is necessary to understand how you are, or that you are studying or drowning.
      2. Living7111972
        Living7111972 7 December 2019 07: 44
        +1
        Already about 10 years this, I'm a doctor - I have 3 certificates, in any other way.
  3. Victoria-V
    Victoria-V 1 December 2019 05: 56
    +10
    And how can this be quickly retrained as a designer of residential buildings? A very bad example. Maybe in 100 years ...
    1. AU Ivanov.
      AU Ivanov. 1 December 2019 10: 08
      +2
      A competent technical engineer can very well. Humanities - no.
      1. 3x3zsave
        3x3zsave 1 December 2019 11: 45
        +3
        Choy something?!?!? I am a humanist, "to the core." I have been working as a builder for 25 years. Quite successful in this field.
        1. AU Ivanov.
          AU Ivanov. 1 December 2019 11: 51
          +2
          This is not what I wanted to say. I meant that a technical engineer can quickly retrain if he, of course, is not an engineer on a piece of paper. And so: any literate person can relearn.
          1. 3x3zsave
            3x3zsave 1 December 2019 12: 07
            +2
            Disqualified your minus. Not because, I agree with you, but from personal rejection of anonymous "minusers".
            I do not agree with the thesis that any techie can retrain.
            1. Ingvar 72
              Ingvar 72 1 December 2019 16: 02
              +5
              Quote: 3x3zsave
              I do not agree with the thesis that any techie can retrain.

              It all depends on the narrow specialization of the techie.
            2. Living7111972
              Living7111972 7 December 2019 07: 49
              +1
              There is such a concept in medicine - these people can become awesome techies, but they won’t learn how to write, even the smallest acceptable compositions. I exaggerate, of course, but the humanities are, as it were, the crown of human evolution, albeit one-sided.
              A harmoniously developed personality is what our education should strive for, but there is no public request for this.
          2. dgonni
            dgonni 1 December 2019 18: 47
            0
            You just dmko far from engineering! No offense!
            In the states and Europe there is such a profession. The architect is called. So with the union, we also had diploma architects. But the difference between their architect and ours is precisely in that their architect, setting the general trend and the appearance of the new equipment, arches the main weight loads and, at the same time, observes the general design with the materials and designs that he plans to use from. We had yes and it is very different. And if someone starts telling me that the work of 15 years in metallurgy as a technologist can become a builder? Do not be silly. Technologist of large production. This is a man from those creative from the curve of the Amer scientist. And the same architect from the same opera! They are unique and employers are chasing them.
            Well, to become a master or foreman at a construction site? Sure, not a problem. Be able to read the blueprints and get the teams to assemble everything on time. But this is just that endangered class of specialists!
            P.S. turners station wagons that can work manually on all machines become unique and really get more than a middle layer of managers!
  4. carstorm 11
    carstorm 11 1 December 2019 06: 17
    +1
    oooh this is a really terrible topic. I haven’t read a report on this topic for a long time, and here’s a list of the most sought-after professions in the near future. authors give 10 years I think a little more. Productivity consultants
    Corporate Disorganizers
    Alternative Currency Traders
    Social account managers after death
    Personal digital curators
    Specialists in the treatment of network and gadget addiction
    Virtual reality architects
    Drone Managers (Delivery Service)
    3D Template Designers
    3D Printer Specialists
    and the most interesting thing is that now the trends are such that there is a certain set of skills that are necessary. Cross-functionality, work at the junction of professions
    The ability to think creatively
    Readiness for retraining all my life
    Willingness to change a profession every 10 years
    Knowledge of several languages
    Readiness for cross-cultural movement (willingness to work in different countries in connection with globalization)
    Knowledge of the basics of IT technology
    Ability to work remotely
    Be a professional big date (collect and work with a large amount of information)
    Be able to self-learn, as technology development will be rapid
    Possess soft skill (think softly, positively, patiently, benevolently achieve goals)
    and what comes of this? it is a merging of professions. Already now, everything goes to the fact that, for example, how recently everyone argued that they removed the names that are familiar to everyone from the curriculum and swore. but in fact, the people of that old training system are already few. and their knowledge and skills must be made much more extensive. and what’s more curious, by the way, is that the younger generation understands this. that you’ll have to study and study all your life. which by the way is very happy)
  5. _Sergei_
    _Sergei_ 1 December 2019 06: 23
    +8
    Simply put, they fired from the post of advertising manager - he became a blogger. And how he exhausted himself on Youtube, quickly retrained and began to design residential buildings.
    If a person did not work physically, then you will never force him. Maybe units can adapt, but never work efficiently.
    1. carstorm 11
      carstorm 11 1 December 2019 06: 31
      -1
      it’s not a matter of physical labor, but the fact that if you can’t or don’t want to study, you won’t get anything. rapid changes in any field simply will not give you a choice. it is necessary not to think for myself but to apply to the young. and cook for it.
      1. _Sergei_
        _Sergei_ 1 December 2019 10: 48
        +7
        Even in mental work, one also has to work. An example from life. He introduced his son to the customs after the institute. He worked there for a year. We have reduced customs. Then a designer at the factory. Gone. He said it is necessary to think. Then at a knockout in a foundry by a worker. Two weeks. He said it is necessary to work there. Still sitting on my mother’s neck. The wife left with the baby. I didn’t set the minus. From idleness, the roof also went.
        1. 3x3zsave
          3x3zsave 1 December 2019 11: 55
          0
          Minus I did not set
          Very good approach to business. Bravo, Sergey!
        2. carstorm 11
          carstorm 11 1 December 2019 13: 37
          +4
          Well, here a person doesn’t want to work himself and is looking for reasons to do so) this is laziness mother. I think such a person also blames everyone around that he can’t be realized) such people are really full.
          1. _Sergei_
            _Sergei_ 1 December 2019 16: 24
            0
            All around are to blame, and the father, and mother, and the wife that left. And the fact that he is already 42 and they keep him on his neck do not care.
        3. The comment was deleted.
        4. Ivan Pchelin
          Ivan Pchelin 7 December 2019 12: 28
          +1
          Quote: _Sergey_
          From idleness, the roof also went.

          Maybe the roof of idleness didn’t go, but, on the contrary, the trouble with working from the head? ☹️
          Another question is that an ordinary person without the need to constantly earn a living is degrading.
          And the trouble is that modern professions through physical inactivity and so on undermine health.
  6. Ross xnumx
    Ross xnumx 1 December 2019 06: 24
    +9
    However, the main trend in the education of future generations should be the rejection of such linear professions (“affairs of a lifetime”), leaving which would put an end to the future career. A person should be able to quickly and efficiently rebuild, find new applications of his potential and areas of self-realization. Simply put, they fired from the post of advertising manager - he became a blogger. And how he exhausted himself on Youtube, quickly retrained and began to design residential buildings. And modern education only needs to find tools for the formation of these "universal" skills.

    You can arbitrarily trend about the future, about sociability, about the ability to rebuild, but no one has canceled the eternal needs of a person, creative professions are many other things, in which AI can not cope. In particular, the mass production of food from ... has not yet been invented, but such that it is beneficial for the body ...
    As for the bureaucracy and various other bureaucracies, this is just the most unnecessary squad of parasites, which can be replaced (for optimal and quick resolution of problems) with AI ... And then they sit in their offices, come up with futuristic forecasts, when the BCB sang:

    hi
    1. Den717
      Den717 1 December 2019 17: 34
      +1
      Quote: ROSS 42
      As for the bureaucracy and various other bureaucracies, this is just the most unnecessary squad of parasites, which can be replaced (for optimal and quick resolution of problems) with AI.

      There are no states in the world that could do without officials and bureaucrats. All of them haut, scold them with the last words, but no one can refuse. This means that with all the negative, the state needs them very much. Anyone. The idea of ​​its uselessness can arise in the head of a person who is accustomed to analyzing (decomposing) the work of the state. Apparently, management systems for organizations and teams are not your strong point. It happens...
      1. Ross xnumx
        Ross xnumx 1 December 2019 17: 43
        +1
        Quote: Den717
        There are no states in the world that could do without officials and bureaucrats.

        If something is not in the world, this does not mean that the world is moving in the right direction ... Look at your leisure:
        https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=RSH0xn2p6vY
        The idea of ​​creating a state is not to create a bureaucratic apparatus, but to create law, freedoms and guarantees for the inhabitants of the country. It is not at all necessary to engage in worthless affairs, such as manual distribution of tax revenues. We have already seen how the economy is developing, if speculators begin to engage in it. Do we need it?
        1. Den717
          Den717 1 December 2019 18: 22
          0
          Quote: ROSS 42
          If something is not in the world, then this does not mean that the world is moving in the right direction.

          It just means that something that is not or is not in demand, or is impossible, at least at the present stage.
          Quote: ROSS 42
          It’s not at all necessary to engage in worthless affairs, such as manual distribution of tax revenues

          For example, name at least one country that could distribute its budget in an automated way without human intervention. Communism also implies the withering away of the state with all the attributes, but who at least came close to this ideal? The system cannot work on its own without control. Officials and bureaucracy are that system of the vertical of power that allows our state to exist. You, all of us, cannot take a step without officials. From birth to death. They create the legitimacy and legitimacy of our actions, thoughts and wishes, they make up the framework of the legal system and control the boundaries of what is permitted. Yes, they do a lot of things that, with all its unpopularity, allows society to live without eating each other. REGISTRY OFFICES, courts, local, regional and state administration and other, other .... To cancel? What's next? Chaos? I agree that their quantitative parameter should be balanced and not hang on the neck of society. But today in our country, and in others as well, the theory of control systems is so weak that we have what we have. Yes, and you, too, do not shine with ideas. Botvinnik, of course, is the head of bright ideas, but even there, sheer utopia is no less than that of Thomas More. To limit large capitalists is a good idea, but they were asked? Or is it thought that they agree with everything and will not take countermeasures?
          1. your1970
            your1970 8 December 2019 18: 51
            0
            Quote: Den717
            REGISTRY OFFICES, courts, local, regional and state administration and other, other .... To cancel? What's next? Chaos? I agree that their quantitative parameter should be balanced and not hang on the neck of society.

            there was a regpalat in each district, they reduced ... now 1 department in 4 regions .... next year they will reduce us ... then they will gradually cut the region
            Everything seems to be great
            Quote: ROSS 42
            then this is just the most unnecessary parasite squad that can be replaced (for optimal and quick resolution of problems) with AI.

            but then a citizen appears on the threshold of my office and says - "but I did not receive my certificate on the ground in 1993 ...".
            And then it's great - if he is from two neighboring districts - then according to our registers (which we manually scored) can be found in the State Fund. And if from two neighboring ones - then their registers are not in nature - first they reduced ("like parasites") and then with pens - "Baaa ... !! And there is no one to bring 12 certificates with pens ...." (this is about a year and a half )
            And 2,6 girls will never find manually in 3 million non-digitized documents ... Moreover, the digitization of these documents is not provided at all - since it is assumed that all citizens have drawn up their land a long time ago .......

            And the fact that this specific citizen nifiga did nothing and "but I did not know !!" about your share of agricultural land - in just a year no one will be interested at all
  7. Far B
    Far B 1 December 2019 06: 40
    +6
    In the distant future, the situation could be seriously complicated - there will simply be no jobs for the ever-growing population of the Earth.
    We sharply do space shuttles and bring down from this ball! At least a carcass, even a stuffed animal. To inhabit distant planets, where in the forests there are many wild monkeys that jump like! ...
    1. Avior
      Avior 1 December 2019 10: 51
      +3
      To shut down, the shuttle is not needed
      Shuttle suggests return smile
  8. nikvic46
    nikvic46 1 December 2019 06: 44
    +3
    When not to look at the West? Now the unemployment rate is reflected only in statistics. In order to hire a person who suffered as a result of progress, there’s no question. And of course there are gloomy forecasts. Now in China, robotization is in full swing. People are hiring without losing a salary. We, of course , we can turn our nose away from this. Like there and the life of an ordinary person is worse. But as if we had a good life sideways.
    1. depressant
      depressant 1 December 2019 17: 39
      +2
      Speaking of China.
      The author writes that in connection with the growth of life expectancy, an industry related to the needs of the elderly will develop. I read a long article about the fact that the Chinese grasped the topic in time, the industry for the elderly is huge and continues to grow at a rapid pace: clothes, shoes, medicines, services, leisure, excursions, interest clubs, physical education, etc. Imagine what the cash flow is and how many jobs are for the young. But for some reason it seems to me that this will not come to this. Pumping oil and gas is much easier.
  9. uporov65
    uporov65 1 December 2019 07: 34
    +9
    Who will teach our children this? The modern school does anything, but does not educate and educate! The secondary education system in our country is a service with pumping money.
    1. AU Ivanov.
      AU Ivanov. 1 December 2019 10: 02
      -7
      School should not educate, this is the task of parents. The function of the school is to provide knowledge and, most importantly: to learn how to obtain and apply this knowledge.
  10. parusnik
    parusnik 1 December 2019 08: 05
    +15
    The second article about the bright future at VO ... Conclusion on two articles: Not all will survive ....
    1. Svarog
      Svarog 1 December 2019 09: 10
      +9
      Quote: parusnik
      The second article about the bright future at VO ... Conclusion on two articles: Not all will survive ....

      But our managers do not have such a goal .. they are apparently preparing for robotization and in advance, so to speak, reduce the population ..
      1. Fan-fan
        Fan-fan 1 December 2019 14: 10
        +7
        That’s exactly who doesn’t need to be retrained - our managers, were the KGB officers, became the presidents of the country or Rosneft, was a furniture maker, became the Minister of Defense, and now the main one for helicopters. Another was a journalist, became the head of Roscosmos, and Mutko was the chief in sports, became the chief builder. And note - none of them retrained.
        1. victor50
          victor50 1 December 2019 20: 42
          0
          Quote: Fan-Fan
          And note - none of them retrained.

          So they occupy these positions because of their unimaginable talent! lol True, no furniture, no space, no helicopters .. A little defense began to rise after a talented one.
    2. 3x3zsave
      3x3zsave 1 December 2019 11: 57
      +2
      That's right, Alex!
  11. knn54
    knn54 1 December 2019 09: 24
    +4
    Add:
    - "The oldest profession" will certainly not disappear.
    -Doctors, pharmaceutical giants do not get tired of investing money in the development of "new sores" and ineffective means for their treatment.
    -Siloviki.a broad sense.
    1. soloveyav
      soloveyav 1 December 2019 12: 20
      +8
      Many of those professions that will be replaced by robots will remain in the luxury sector. True, it will be difficult to get there, but for those who got it it will be a profession for life. Indeed, for example, tailors and shoemakers survived, despite the fact that mass production reduced their number. There will also be a lively friendly seller, for those who can afford it, a personal driver, maybe even entire industries where people will do everything.
    2. carstorm 11
      carstorm 11 1 December 2019 13: 42
      +2
      certainly will not disappear. but in medicine, too, not everything is simple. there are niches in popular areas right now, such as IT-medic. Nano-medical surgeon to increase memory and others. and this is quite serious.
  12. samarin1969
    samarin1969 1 December 2019 09: 28
    +5
    The article aroused quite professional interest.

    "... Benjamin Bloom. He proposed to rank six mental (cognitive) tasks in ascending order according to the level of difficulty and relevance: remember, learn, apply, analyze, evaluate and create ..."

    The article is interesting, informative. But, apart from these words - nothing on the topic.
    In fact, the school teaches all 6 activities. But in life, without much effort (!), Only the first 2-3 are in demand. Creativity is allowed only to the "elite". And young people are very rational. Doesn't bring money - no need. SMS-ki replaced "high style", technological maps of actions replaced creative thought ... Why strain your brain if everything in the world is occupied by "COMMUNICATION". Robots free people not for creativity, but for "communication for the sake of communication" using Gadgets. In this, it seems, the "shepherds" see a way out of the problem of "extra people": a gadget for the senses, a social benefit and be happy. bully
  13. rocket757
    rocket757 1 December 2019 09: 32
    +2
    . The main trend is the widespread robotization and computerization of almost all spheres of human life.

    And what, someone dreams of a janitor or someone else to become, where robots can / will replace a person?
    Thinking, creativity, and much more, where replacement is not expected in the foreseeable future.
    We must learn to use the help of automated systems. This is for a long time.
    1. Boris55
      Boris55 1 December 2019 09: 55
      +4
      Quote: rocket757
      And what, someone dreams of a janitor or someone else to become

      If you really dream, then on a large scale. In my future, wipers will be unnecessary due to the lack of courtyards. Not only anti-gravity flying "cars" will appear, but also flying "private houses". Humanity will rise into the air (into space), become mobile, no earthly cataclysms will be scary to us, etc. How do you like this dream?
      1. rocket757
        rocket757 1 December 2019 10: 20
        +3
        Quote: Boris55
        How do you like that dream?

        Normal and not so fantastic, if we look with optimism at the future.
        1. Reptiloid
          Reptiloid 1 December 2019 16: 28
          +1
          Quote: rocket757
          ...... optimistic about the future.
          I think the work of the janitor will change very much, just as the work of the cleaning woman ----- clearing companies, etc., has changed.
          But the plumber and electrician will probably never be unnecessary?
          1. rocket757
            rocket757 1 December 2019 18: 02
            +1
            Quote: Reptiloid
            But the plumber and electrician will probably never be unnecessary

            Sam-technician-san! That's for sure, as without water, and neither here nor there!
            In any case, the equipment will not repair itself very soon! But with the robotic devices to work, studying, youth, it is necessary to start preparing now.
            Learning is light, not for scientists and janitors will not be sweet.
            1. Reptiloid
              Reptiloid 1 December 2019 18: 51
              +2
              Quote: rocket757
              ..... Learning is light, and not for scientists and janitors will not be sweet.
              This is 100% ---- as the equipment in the house becomes more complicated laughing Plumbers, electricians also need to "" grow up "
      2. region58
        region58 1 December 2019 15: 43
        +1
        Quote: Boris55
        How do you like that dream?

        Hello. It’s unlikely to do without suckers ... yes
  14. samarin1969
    samarin1969 1 December 2019 10: 09
    +3
    Quote: Boris55
    Not only anti-gravity flying "cars" will appear, but also flying "private houses". Humanity will rise into the air, become mobile, we will not be afraid of any earthly cataclysms, etc. How do you like this dream?


    ABOUT! And here is Jules Verne of our day .... laughing I hope we will not be fired at from the Columbiad, they will not be sent underground and water. And then, historical fate has a peculiar sense of humor. winked
    1. Boris55
      Boris55 1 December 2019 10: 44
      +4
      Quote: samarin1969
      ABOUT! And here is Jules Verne of our day.

      Are Jules Verne's masts not already realized? wink
      In the internet there is infa about what they dreamed of in the century before last and how it was realized in the past. With the advent of new technologies, their dreams were fulfilled, but at a new technological level.
      1. samarin1969
        samarin1969 1 December 2019 10: 56
        +3
        Quote: Boris55
        In the internet there is infa about what they dreamed of in the century before last and how it was realized in the past.

        Yes, I, in fact, about the same. Unless, design decisions differ from illustrations. hi Only any "solution to the problem" - a car, an antibiotic, creates a new problem ... Perhaps it would be better if humanity was stuck somewhere between the XNUMXth and XNUMXth centuries: with penicillin, but without an atomic bomb.
        1. Boris55
          Boris55 1 December 2019 14: 41
          +2
          Quote: samarin1969
          Perhaps it would be better for humanity to get stuck somewhere between the XNUMXth and XNUMXth centuries: with penicillin, but without an atomic bomb.

          The past civilization based on the unity of nature and man (Maya, Inca, Indians, etc.) was destroyed by the present.

          The containment of the development of our technogenic civilization is carried out by all kinds of forces. The church plays an active role in this (the fact that the Earth revolves around the sun, the Vatican recognized only in 1955). Power through the media imposes false goals on us, money cannot be the goal - it is a means to an end. The dream of a brighter future, the dream of money, was substituted for us, and they left the goal that they want to achieve.

          History has no reverse, but we are obliged to repay the debt to nature and create a new civilization where nature and technology do not oppose, but help each other harmoniously. Otherwise, we will face another cataclysm like the Flood and "restart". Perhaps God will take away our minds, as if they failed, and give it to a new species ...

          ps
          A people who have no dreams, no future. It is necessary to dream of the unattainable, and only in this way can we make at least one, but a step forward. Based on the goals of the dream, it is necessary to develop science, prepare teachers, school programs and staff.
          1. samarin1969
            samarin1969 1 December 2019 15: 04
            +3
            Quote: Boris55
            History has no reverse, but we are obliged to return the debt to nature and create a new civilization, where nature and technology do not oppose, but harmoniously help each other

            The "reverse gear" of history can include tens of millions of "odoacres" and "theodorics" from the South. This has already happened. And instead of "The Age of Sword and Ax" - "Age of Kalashnikov and Machete".
            It's hard to dream of harmony with nature. Nowadays, the madness of corporations and consumer societies is simple. Fires in the taiga will soon surpass "Chernobyl", and the authorities are concerned only with "harmony" with the local elites.
            As one English writer put it: "A little invasion of dragons would not hurt them." am
          2. Ivan Pchelin
            Ivan Pchelin 7 December 2019 12: 45
            +1
            Quote: Boris55
            A people who have no dreams, no future. Need to dream of the unattainable

            There is no future for a people without brains. We must not dream, but understand that everyone in his place is responsible for the country. It was the general impudence that raised the Union after the war. We must stop thinking that some uncle in a jacket owes something, this is infantilism. If every man who survives in Russia thinks how to raise a country, the country will rise.
            Do not want or can not leave - do not dream and do not dream, but think and work, be a man.
  15. kalibr
    kalibr 1 December 2019 10: 30
    +1
    Very good stuff!
  16. kalibr
    kalibr 1 December 2019 10: 32
    +2
    Quote: samarin1969
    In this, it seems, the "shepherds" see a way out of the problem of "extra people": a gadget for the senses, a social benefit and be happy.

    There is an interesting American novel about the future, where people are required by law to communicate on the Web, sociopathy is a crime!
  17. Avior
    Avior 1 December 2019 10: 49
    +6
    From an advertising manager to bloggers, the problem is small
    But from YouTube to building designers ...

    Wouldn’t it be scary to enter such a building?
    1. your1970
      your1970 8 December 2019 18: 59
      0
      Quote: Avior
      Wouldn’t it be scary to enter such a building?
      - At the same time, note that
      1) 12 floor building lies WHOLE...
      2) on the actual cause of the fall:
      "The cause of the collapse was soil wetting under the building. The investigation also revealed facts of financial fraud and the use of substandard materials in foundation construction. Two construction company executives were sentenced to life in prison. "
      Not a technical error - but a commonplace theft ..
  18. opus
    opus 1 December 2019 11: 17
    +7
    Quote: Yevgeny Fedorov
    In Germany, for example, it is impossible to buy a car for cash at all in a car dealership.

    not really yours!

    1.Germany, until 2017, was one of the few countries like Austria, Slovenia, Lithuania, Latvia and Iceland that did not have an upper limit for cash payments. Traders of gold, jewelry, automobiles and trade in works of art = All this is cash and serious cash.
    2. From 2017:
    Kostet das neue Fahrzeugüber 10.000 Euro, wird dies in Deutschland ab sofort nur noch mit Vorlage eines Ausweises möglich sein.

    If a new car costs more than 10 euros, then it will be possible to buy it in Germany ONLY with the presentation of an identity card.
    is there a difference between what the author "carries"?
    Cash is very popular with the Germans. According to a GfK survey, 75% said last year that they would prefer to pay in cash rather than electronically if they had a choice. Anyone who wants to can continue to pay amounts of 10 euros or more in banknotes - only he must identify himself.


    The EU is even discussing a general ban on transactions of more than 5000 euros, but it is so fantastic.
    3. Bundesbank chief Jens Weidmann
    Bargeld ist nicht von gestern “,“ Bei Kleinbeträgen ist es sogar günstiger als jede andere Form von Geld. “


    cash is not yesterday, small cash payments are more economical than electronic
    1. Sling cutter
      Sling cutter 3 December 2019 10: 39
      +4
      Quote: opus
      cash is not yesterday, small cash payments are more economical than electronic

      What a joy to see Anton here! hi drinks
      I really thought the site was dead ....
      this year I was near the "Zaliv", I did not observe any special changes, unfortunately ...
      1. opus
        opus 4 December 2019 19: 52
        +3
        Quote: Stroporez
        What a joy to see Anton here!
        I really thought the site was dead ....

        gee-gee. Hi, there. I’ll leave again soon for cross-eyed.
        The site died: one Ryabov Kiril, and fakes by 50%

        Quote: Stroporez
        "Zaliv", I did not observe any special changes, unfortunately ...

        uh ..
        which the?
        in Vịnh Băc Bô there are changes
  19. Professor
    Professor 1 December 2019 11: 23
    +3
    However, the main trend in the education of future generations should be the rejection of such linear professions (“affairs of a lifetime”), leaving which would put an end to the future career. A person should be able to quickly and efficiently rebuild, find new applications of his potential and areas of self-realization. Simply put, they fired from the post of advertising manager - he became a blogger. And how he exhausted himself on Youtube, quickly retrained and began to design residential buildings. And modern education only needs to find tools for the formation of these “universal” skills

    In other words, "be an amateur" t / e. in everything a little bit and in nothing deep?
  20. 3x3zsave
    3x3zsave 1 December 2019 11: 36
    +2
    Good article, Eugene! In many ways it has something in common with Shpakovsky's material about "Generation Z". However, there are many "buts" ...
  21. lucul
    lucul 1 December 2019 12: 02
    0
    Professions of the future. What to teach new generations?

    Emphasize human-to-human occupations. All industrial professions of the "man-technology" type will be gradually automated.
  22. faterdom
    faterdom 1 December 2019 13: 00
    +3
    Can you imagine a society of Monsanta-chewing and cola-drinking bloggers? Those whose goal is not to participate in life in all its pleasant and unpleasant sides, but to shoot-upload, shoot-upload, and so on, and a vain desire to overtake other bloggers!
    Moreover, everything is beyond good and evil - it doesn’t matter in the number of views and likes.
    We are already seeing flowers: shooting in the surgical ward, frying sausages on the Eternal Flame, filming the injured instead of helping, girls beating other girls (I’m not talking about boys - there have always been, but this is new). Shooting on the verge of suicidal "exploits" of any hookers is still the most harmless - climbed in, electrocuted, natural selection in action!
    Is this the pinnacle of mental activity? Analysis and synthesis with elements of insights and paradoxical thinking?
    We don't teach them this? Who then? After all, it cannot be that "it itself"?
  23. Basarev
    Basarev 1 December 2019 14: 33
    +1
    That is the problem. The kindergarten, school and university are not only divorced from each other, but also do not provide any real knowledge. 20 years down the drain. Education came down to cramming, formalism. They simply drag us into perseverance and humility, and do not give Knowledge. Once I already wrote how I see a normal education.
  24. hhhhhhh
    hhhhhhh 1 December 2019 17: 06
    +3
    "Do you feel the current demand for tutors? These are the first signs of the future."
    Tutors are in demand because of the complete collapse of education. (((When I was in a Soviet school, nobody heard about the words of the tutor. It was enough just teachers.
    1. Sergej1972
      Sergej1972 3 December 2019 10: 23
      0
      I talked with people who were tutoring in the 70-80s. were engaged. And several times I saw mentions of tutors in Soviet films of the late 70-80s. It is possible that the scale of the phenomenon was smaller than today. And here is what I notice. The services of a tutor are often addressed by students who have, in general, good performance in school. A kind of psychological safety net.
      1. Sling cutter
        Sling cutter 3 December 2019 10: 33
        +4
        Quote: Sergej1972
        Sergej1972 (Sergey)

        Let's define the term "tutor". In my years, preparatory courses were organized for schoolchildren in graduating classes to enter the university, and this is in addition to educational and school programs. The student was completely ready for the university entrance exams, both in terms of knowledge and psychologically.
        Of our class, without any "adepts", 99% entered universities and VVU, and the remaining 1% graduated a little later. Please note that I am talking about the USSR.
        1. your1970
          your1970 8 December 2019 19: 06
          +1
          Quote: Stroporez
          Of our class, without any "adepts", 99% entered universities and VVU, and the remaining 1% graduated a little later. Please note that I am talking about the USSR.

          and half of our class left in the 8th in SPTU - and the remaining three left 10 classes (from 5 to 8x).
          About half came from our class to institutes, the second half went to techies. Repeats were very popular, especially among those who entered in large cities.
          Universities have graduated from the first half of about 75%, from the second half - 6
          Please note that I'm talking about the USSR in 1987
  25. aybolyt678
    aybolyt678 1 December 2019 17: 33
    +1
    In a far-reaching version, even the restructuring of the whole consciousness of a person is considered: now he will not need to take care of earning, and the freed up time will be spent on communication, helping others, pleasure and self-realization.

    Karl Marx also believed that over time, people will be more educated, the working day will be reduced, and the remaining time a monkey named a person will spend on creative development. However, we see that if there is too much free time, then instead of creativity, a person changes his attitude to reality through alcoholism, for example ....
  26. then
    then 1 December 2019 18: 28
    +1
    If the world is ruled by capital, then robotization will not bring anything good to a person. Problems arising with robotization will be solved, as always, at the expense of humans. He will simply be thrown out into the street, and the problems of the "aborigines" of the "sheriffs" do not care. With complete "digitalization" (personality control), a person will have only one thing to do - to die.
    In the pursuit of profit in "sunny" Japan, people are already forced to work in diapers, so as not to waste "precious" working time on natural needs. The next step, as I think, will be to install pedals with an electric generator under the office table so that the blood does not stagnate, well, along the way, electricity is generated ...
    1. your1970
      your1970 8 December 2019 19: 08
      0
      Quote: sedan
      With complete "digitalization" (personality control), a person will have only one thing to do - to die.
      -ag, and who brings the money wakes up the capitalists, if a person (consumer) dies ??
  27. Esaul
    Esaul 1 December 2019 18: 45
    0
    Ecologists will need very urgently in 20-30 years.
  28. 1536
    1536 1 December 2019 22: 13
    0
    So that someone does not suffer with poetry about the people's share in 2064, one must not forget the Russian poet N. A. Nekrasov (1821-1877). In 1864, he wrote about technical progress in Russia:

    "Don't be shy about your dear homeland ...
    I brought enough Russian people,
    He took this railroad too -
    He will bear everything that the Lord sends!

    It will endure everything - and broad, clear
    Breast pave the way for himself.
    The only pity is to live in this beautiful time
    I don’t have to - neither to me nor to you. ”
  29. oracul
    oracul 2 December 2019 08: 58
    +2
    The main thing is to sincerely believe in the power of your own imagination. Everyone should become programmers, robots will work, and people will do what they love, for example, play computer games for days, run around nightclubs, stupidly look at their gadgets and write nonsense. The question is, who will teach you to work, so that imagination turns into reality, so that robots are created, installed and repaired, so that with their hands they can do things that cannot be done otherwise, for example, give birth, do operations, repair household appliances, etc. etc. We have already tried to train everyone to become managers, lawyers, economists, social workers, marketers, bachelors, masters. But as the head of the electrical department of a large enterprise told me: "They call from the personnel - the head ordered to hire a young man, specialty - a bachelor. But I need an electrician." Therefore, today there is such a shortage of highly qualified workers who, in fact, will make robots. There must be understanding in everything.
  30. Tavrik
    Tavrik 2 December 2019 16: 55
    +1
    Indeed, even now, if organizations are transferred across Russia to real electronic document management and electronic databases, then a quarter, or even a third of employees can be safely dismissed.

    At the same time, the need for administrators and signalers to ensure the operability of this is increasing.

    And in the future, it will be necessary for the population suffering from idleness to come up with artificial professions, the effectiveness of which is of no interest to anyone.

    Already invented. "Blogger" is called.

    The example of Yandex.Taxi is the most vivid confirmation of this - a whole class of coordinators, managers and dispatchers flew into the pipe, noticeably raising the average cost of the service.

    And how much has the number of people working in Yandex technical support, administrators, programmers providing Yandex.Taxi working with increased?

    He suggested ranking in order of complexity and relevance six mental (cognitive) tasks in increasing order: remember, recognize, apply, analyze, evaluate and create. That is, the classic postulate “cramming at school is everything” in the last century turned out to be flawed. Now, at the top of the trend, children should have the ability to isolate components from the system and describe how the parts relate to each other and to the whole. At the next level - the ability to evaluate, that is, make their own judgments based on external or internal criteria. Finally, the most important are the ability to create a fundamentally new, to determine the components of a new structure, to connect existing parts for the emergence of a new one. Actually, the formation of the future should be built on these three pillars.

    This figure did not disclose how "remember" is achieved. Probably through cramming. Without remembering that 2x2 = 4, and the Volga flows into the Caspian Sea, the child will not "isolate" anything and will not "appreciate" anything. But memorization is a complex process, it strains, makes you think. So they replace it with verbiage.
    And what, before it was not necessary to decompose the tasks, evaluate, state your informed opinion? In short, all our infotelecommunication and robotic progress cannot bring any fundamental changes to the school, because at school they provide basic, fundamental knowledge and skills, and all our computerization is an add-on over them. And it doesn’t matter, the teacher on a paper map will show how the Volga flows or on a three-dimensional electronic animated. The bottom line is one. The second option is even worse, because distracts children from the essence of the matter, switching their attention to tinsel.
  31. Tavrik
    Tavrik 2 December 2019 17: 09
    +1
    Quote: oracul
    Everyone must become programmers,

    The programmer is the final link in the development chain. Someone should set a task for him, what exactly needs to be programmed. To do this, you need to know some subject area. At least medicine, at least construction, at least metalworking. The programmer now is, in fact, a worker who cuts out a part on a machine that someone invented and someone drew a drawing.
    1. Vadim237
      Vadim237 2 December 2019 22: 28
      0
      The programmer is an operator of a CNC machine - the same thing can come up with a part or a mechanical device, since he is simply obliged to know his specialty: metalworking, materials science, sopromat, machine parts, engineering graphics, standardization, device design, programming languages ​​and CAD programs.
  32. vindigo
    vindigo 7 December 2019 13: 22
    0
    IT in banks is precisely the first to be reduced and outsourced.