What weapons does Russia sell in the USA?


Russia and the United States are two superpowers competing with each other and in the global arms market. But, oddly enough, Russia is at the same time a supplier of some species weapons and military equipment for the needs of the armed forces of the United States of America and their allies. Although close military-trade relations of the two countries cannot be called, they exist.

Military trade of the USSR and the USA

Economic relations of the USA and the USSR in the pre-revolutionary period of the Russian stories were not significant. Compared with England, France or Germany, the United States played a very modest role in the economy of the Russian Empire. Then, after the October Revolution and during the years of the Civil War in Russia, the existing ties were practically interrupted and only in the 1920 year the USA lifted the embargo on trade with Soviet Russia.

In the 1920-ies of the USSR turned into one of the most important buyers of American tractors and cars, which were delivered, including the Red Army. The Soviet Union itself at that time could not offer the United States any high-tech products due to the backwardness of Russian industry. Only during the years of industrialization did the situation begin to change.

Nevertheless, during the Great Patriotic War, the United States acted as one of the key suppliers of military equipment and weapons to the Soviet Union. On October 1, on October 1941, US President Franklin Roosevelt approved the USSR’s connection to Lend-Lease, after which deliveries of goods from America began.

During 1941-1945. 11 aircraft, 400 units of armored vehicles were delivered from the USA to the USSRTanks, armored personnel carriers, etc.), 427 cars, 000 motorcycles. In total, more than 35 thousand anti-tank guns, 170 small arms automatic weapons, 5 131633 pistols, 12 rifles, 997 tons of explosives, 8128 detonators, 345735 radio stations, 903000 radars, 4338 anti-submarine ships, 2074 torpedo boats, 105 submarines were delivered in total boats, 202 cargo ships and so on.

What weapons does Russia sell in the USA?

Thus, the volume of military-technical assistance from the United States was very impressive, however, after the end of World War II, the military-technical cooperation of the two states was very quickly curtailed, since the United States and the USSR immediately turned into main competitors, likely opponents of each other.

The Soviet Union, and then Russia, always competed in the world market with the United States in the field of arms supplies. Indeed, for both the United States and Russia, military-industrial export is one of the most important items of income, receiving money from numerous buyers of weapons and military equipment from Africa, Asia, Latin America and Europe. Both in Soviet times and now, Russian and American intelligence are interested in gaining secrets in the military-technical sphere, and any contact with the latest weapons of a probable enemy is a serious omission and causes numerous problems.

The main buyers of Russian weapons are traditionally India and China, followed by Vietnam, Algeria and Venezuela. Russia supplies weapons to numerous African countries, the countries of Southeast Asia, the former republics of the Soviet Union, a number of countries in Latin America (Nicaragua, Cuba, Bolivia), and Mongolia.

Recently, states that have not previously been considered priority buyers of Russian products have shown interest in Russian weapons. We are talking about countries such as Turkey, Pakistan, Saudi Arabia, the UAE, the Philippines, which were in the orbit of American political and military influence and armed their armies with American weapons.

The purchase by Turkey, the US ally of NATO, of the Russian C-400 anti-aircraft missile systems, was the most striking example of the Russian defense industry entering new markets. And the fact that some catastrophic consequences did not finally come to Ankara became a signal for many other US allies, for example, for the same Saudi Arabia, in which they also started talking about the possibility of acquiring Russian anti-aircraft missile systems.

It turns out that Russia was even able to move the United States in certain segments of military-technical exports, penetrating the markets of states that are Washington's traditional military-political allies. However, just as well, the United States entered the post-Soviet arms market and began supplying weapons to many former USSR allies in Africa and Asia.

Helicopters for Afghan comrades

Despite the existing competition between Russia and the United States in the field of arms exports, in modern history there has been a place for the supply of Russian military equipment to protect American interests. Moreover, these deliveries were made to a country that had long been in the orbit of Soviet political influence. It is about Afghanistan, where since the end of the 1970-ies the bloody civil war between various military-political forces has not stopped.

For the ongoing hostilities against terrorist groups, the central government of Afghanistan in Kabul needs more and more weapons, especially since the country's armed forces need modernization, and the Afghan government is not able to conduct it on its own. In 2011, Russia entered into the first contract for the delivery of Russian Mi-17 helicopters to the Afghan armed forces from the US federal budget.

As you know, the modern Afghan army is financed and armed by the American side, therefore, although helicopters were supposed to be delivered to Afghanistan, the purchase was carried out at the expense of the US budget. The terms of the contract were successfully fulfilled, after which a number of new contracts were concluded. Total from 2011 to 2014 Russia was supposed to supply Afghanistan with a 63 Mi-17 helicopter totaling 1,1 billion dollars. The Pentagon paid for the supply of helicopters for the Afghan army, thereby ensuring stable financial revenues to the Russian budget.

In 2014, the command of the US armed forces was about to conclude another contract for the supply of 15 Mi-17 helicopters to the Afghan army, but this time, amid the events in Ukraine, American congressmen blocked the deal and it did not take place. Anti-Russian sanctions adopted in connection with the reunification of Crimea with Russia and the events in the Donbass put an end to most joint US-Russian projects, and arms sales were in the first place among them.

At present, for obvious reasons, military-technical cooperation between Russia and the United States has been curtailed. But in one segment, the United States still cannot do without Russia. We are talking about the supply of RD-180 liquid rocket engines to the USA, which are used in the American space industry. Without them, the US space industry will be in a state of severe crisis.

As American experts have repeatedly admitted, it will take years, if not a decade, to develop and put into serial production similar American rocket engines. Therefore, now the United States continues to purchase RD-180 from Russia. Even anti-Russian sanctions and the situation in Ukraine and Syria at one time did not become a reason for breaking the cooperation between countries in this area.

How Russia sells US rocket engines

The RD-180 liquid-propellant rocket engine was created in Russia already in the post-Soviet period - in the middle of the 1990-s. The basis was taken RD-170 - the world's most powerful liquid-propellant rocket engine. In 1996, RD-180 won the competition for the creation and sale of engines for US rockets Atlas-3 and Atlas-5. Thus began the history of deliveries of RD-180 to the United States of America.

All RD-180 production is concentrated in Russia, and patent rights belong to NPO Energomash. In 2008-2010 Energomash suffered serious losses in connection with the supply of engines to America, since they were supplied at a price that amounted to only half of the cost of production. This was due to an increase in the cost of production against the background of maintaining the same purchase prices. The situation, however, was gradually corrected after the 2010 year.

When relations between Russia and the United States seriously worsened in the 2014 due to the Ukrainian crisis, both Moscow and Washington started talking about a possible cessation of rocket engine supplies. From the point of view of Russian politicians, it was a little strange to supply engines for the needs of the US missile industry with such a massive deterioration in relations and the open transformation of the United States into a potential military adversary of our country. In particular, Dmitry Rogozin then advocated a ban on the use of the Russian rocket engine for military purposes.

The American "hawks" argued in the same way, who saw in the supply of rocket engines not only a humiliation to Russia, but also a brake on the development of engine production in America itself. As a result, the American leadership decided to develop a new, actually American engine, which could replace the RD-180. The US Department of Defense allocated $ 160 million to develop this engine. But, according to many experts, more than once voiced in various world media, the development of the American engine will take at least five years.

In 2017, Blue Origin introduced the new BE-4 methane engine, which was called a possible alternative to Russian rocket engines. 11 February 2019 of the year with a loud statement was made by the famous entrepreneur - innovator Ilon Musk, who announced the successful testing of the Raptor engine. According to Mask, the engine, assembled by specialists from his company SpaceX, shows a pressure in the 268,9 bar, which is even higher than that of the Russian engine.

It is worth noting that the United States also has a license for its own production of RD-180, valid until 2030. That is, Washington has yet another ten years ahead of which it is possible to expand the production of rocket engines at the ULA plant in Decatur.

Thus, Russia currently supplies rocket engines to the United States. In addition, the American army through its allies and through various other channels acquires small batches of small arms of Russian production, which are then used in various conflicts and for the training of American soldiers.
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  1. +10
    November 29, 2019
    "Gallop across Europe" ... well-known facts ...
    1. -1
      November 29, 2019
      Quote: parusnik
      "Gallop across Europe" ... well-known facts ...

      Well, yes ... and for some reason, they are silent, that for "unselfish help" we paid in yellow metal.
      1. +19
        November 29, 2019
        In 2008-2010 Energomash endured serious losses in connection with the supply of engines to America, since they were supplied at a price of only half of the cost of production.

        Fuck! Didn't know that. They would give it away immediately - for free. Or with a surcharge! In the end, 140 billion was easily forgiven. Why don’t you give an engine to your partners? Here is the "wise" government policy in action!
        1. +7
          November 29, 2019
          Stas hi Apparently someone warmed up their hands on the supply of engines to partners at old prices, for two years, they didn’t notice, the cost of production, delivering at half price (for securities) ..winked
          This was due to an increase in the cost of production against the background of maintaining the same purchase prices.
        2. +3
          November 29, 2019
          At the end of October, Russia sent three RD-180 rocket engines to the United States: they will be used in the first stages of Atlas V missiles and will most likely help the Pentagon send another military satellites into orbit - as they have been doing for almost 20 years. This cooperation, which began in the mid-1990s, survived corruption scandals, criminal cases, sanctions, and lobbying attacks by Ilon Mask. The engine, designed in the late Soviet years, turned out to be so powerful, efficient and cheap that it honestly won the market competition, and this was more important than geopolitics spoiled between the countries of relations and the new Cold War.

        3. +1
          December 2 2019
          So cut off the supply and push the United States against the wall. And after 5 years they will really make their rocket. And so there will be another 10 years on quiet budgets to cut. 150 million evergreens to create a new generation of rocket engines? This is not even enough to resume the production of old ones. Even if you imagine that the documentation was not overslept, the qualifications of the specialists were not lost, and the logistics of subcontractors (and hundreds and thousands of them are needed in cooperation in such projects) works like clockwork. And the most interesting is that this process acts slowly but surely. After another 5 years, the program will be worth even more effort and sweat. And after 10 .. So let them buy and enjoy. And we just wait.
    2. +2
      November 29, 2019
      Somehow perspectives are not touched, but "retro" in the theme, in principle, everything is there.
  2. +9
    November 29, 2019
    "Russia and the United States are two superpowers," well, yes, well, I will not be surprised that the author, comparing the USSR with the modern Russian Federation, "unexpectedly" will come to the conclusion that Russia is stronger fellow
    1. The comment was deleted.
      1. -3
        November 29, 2019
        Quote: Lbt21
        Do not kill mosh am! But what about ANALOGUnet?

        did you want to say analo govnet?
  3. +1
    November 29, 2019
    In addition, the American army through its allies and through various other channels acquires small quantities of small arms produced in Russia,

    Before the sanctions, the Russian Federation supplied a significant amount of small non-military weapons to the United States, now they have banned
    1. -2
      November 29, 2019
      especially they supplied a lot of cartridges, after all there are a lot of barrels in the USA, but alas, now our cartridge plants are idle
  4. +8
    November 29, 2019
    I would be interested to read about the factories that the United States built (helped to build one way or another) during the 30s. I know a little what I managed to find:
    In 1929, when the Great Depression in the United States became a reality, eminent architect Albert Kahn was left without work. He was known for building the Ford plant in Detroit. And in the 1930s he drew up a plan for industrial modernization in Russia.
    Over the course of several years, more than 500 factories were built at an accelerated pace in the USSR. According to some estimates, this cost the Union $ 2 billion (at the current rate it is almost $ 250 billion). The hired American engineers transferred the finished projects of factories from the USA and brought their equipment. For example, the Moscow AZLK plant was modeled on Ford assembly plants.

    1 Ford Motor Company
    First of all, we collaborated with American companies on the design of the largest enterprises - in mechanical engineering, metal processing, ferrous and non-ferrous metallurgy. The most important partner of the USSR was the Ford Motor Company. The company supplied equipment, personnel and machines to the country of councils. They were equal to the company of the automobile king, and “Fordism” became the main direction of the first five-year plan. Henry Ford himself in the National Business magazine (1930), commenting on the start of construction of the first large Ford-type automobile plants in the USSR, said:

    “This is a great undertaking, and the car will have a huge impact on the development of their country. “I consider it my duty to help any nation that is going to live its own work in order to become economically independent.”

    Dzerzhinsky subsequently called Ford - "the teacher of all the leaders of our industry."

    2 Austin Company
    GAZ construction project was completed by The Austin Company. In the Soviet history of the Gorky Plant, the company received an unflattering assessment, despite the fact that contractual obligations were not violated, and the project was successfully completed. Nizhny Novgorod at that time even had an American factory village. All construction was accompanied by conflicts between foreign experts and representatives of the Soviet Avtostroy. The target dates were not met, estimates were raised due to lack of building materials and inefficient use of labor. In one of his complaints to Moscow, engineer Harry Meiter wrote:

    “We had to work more than necessary when carrying out such projects in America. Not a single project cost us much money and time than this. ”

    Despite all the negative assessments that led the WATO construction sector, engineer Makarovsky called the role of The Austin Company in the construction of the plant decisive:

    “Without them, we would have trodden in one place.”

    3. Albert Kahn Incorporation
    The architectural and construction company Albert Kahn Incorporation, in accordance with its contract with Amtorg, ensured the construction of more than 550 industrial facilities on the territory of the USSR, including the Chelyabinsk and Stalingrad tractor plants. In 1930, the Construction Association of the Supreme Economic Council of the USSR signed a $ 2 billion contract with the firm of a large American entrepreneur Albert Kahn, which today amounts to 250 billion. According to him, Albert Kahn Incorporation became the chief designer and consultant of the Soviet government for industrial construction. As part of cooperation in the USSR, Gosproektstroy was founded, where 25 American engineers and about 2,5 thousand Soviet employees worked. At that time, it was the largest bureau in the world, popularly known as the “forge of cadres”. Almost the entire tank, tractor and automobile industries — all the most important industrial facilities of the first five-year plan — were designed within the walls of Gosproektstroy. Subsequently, new plants were built according to the drawings developed here.

    4. Siemens
    During the period of industrialization, the USSR concluded more than 70 agreements with German firms. Of the latter, it is worth highlighting the German concern Siemens, which provided the supply of equipment and technical advice to Soviet specialists. So, the company undertook the preparation of the construction site of the Dnieper Hydroelectric Power Station - the flagship of the first five-year plan and the largest power station in those days. For other energy facilities of the USSR, the company supplied steam turbines with capacities from 44 to 000 kW. Siemens specialists also participated in the construction of the Moscow subway.

    5 General Electric
    If the company Kanna built industrial facilities in the country, then International General Electric electrified them. The company took an active part in the implementation of the GOELRO plan - the state program for providing electricity throughout the country. It provided for the construction of power plants and enterprises, the provision of construction projects with everything necessary, and, ultimately, the accelerated development of the energy sector. Everything, as Lenin bequeathed: "Communism is Soviet power plus the electrification of the whole country." Subsequently, a significant part of the Soviet factories worked on the electrical equipment of the company. In addition, General Electric, in the early 30s, supplied the first locomotives to the USSR.

    6 Junkers
    According to the terms of the Treaty of Versailles, which completed the First World War, Germany was forbidden to have heavy artillery, tanks, submarines and military aircraft. Many German companies specializing in the military industry managed to escape from bankruptcy only thanks to orders from Soviet Russia. Among them was the notorious company Junkers. On November 26, 1922, the government of the RSFSR entered into three agreements with the company: on the organization of transit air connections between Sweden and Persia, on aerial photography and, finally, on the production of metal planes and engines in Russia. To fulfill the last point, the Junkers allocated the Russian-Baltic factory at Fili (today the Khrunichev factory). The agreement provided for the production of 300 aircraft per year, while the RSFSR committed to purchase 60 aircraft annually. Collaboration was completely disadvantageous for Hugo Junkers. Product prices were fixed, but as a result of the NEP and rising inflation, the cost of aircraft turned out to be twice as much as the agreed prices. All attempts by the company to raise prices met stiff resistance from the Soviet leadership. As a result, citing non-fulfillment of the contract, cooperation with Junkers was broken. By this time, Russia had already received its "powerful plant in Fili, which is part of the general plan for the development of military air forces."

    7. Arthur McKee of Cleveland
    Over 800 foreign specialists from the USA, Germany, England, Italy and Austria worked under the leadership of the American company Arthur McKee at the construction of the famous Magnitogorsk Magnitogorsk Iron and Steel Works. The Americans had to prepare construction, technological projects with a full description of equipment, machines and mechanisms. The prototype of the plant was a steel mill US Steel Corporation, in the city of Gary (Indiana, USA). However, as in the previous case, the contract was terminated ahead of schedule. January 31, 1932, during the launch of the first dogma, an accident occurred - due to severe frost, a pipe broke in one of the wells, and hot gas escaped from the masonry. Arthur McKee offered to get out. However, domain
    Naturally, the fact that foreigners were building plants and factories for us was not advertised by anyone. Albert Kahn’s branch in Moscow bore the Soviet name - Gosproektstroy. 25 American and 2,5 thousand Soviet engineers worked in it, who studied Western science of the design and construction of large industrial facilities. .

    The results of industrialization are impressive. Many enterprises still form the basis of our industry. By 1940, the USSR took the second place in the world in industrial output, second only to the United States. With the help of foreign engineers, more than 2 million Soviet specialists were trained, who mastered new technologies. And they began to engage in their further development.

    In order to leave industrialization in the eyes of the people forever as "an unprecedented feat of the liberated proletariat, led by the Bolshevik party and the brilliant Stalin," the general secretary shot everyone who was somehow connected with the purchase of imported equipment. Hundreds of high-class engineers in the late 30s turned out to be "enemies of the people" and "pests." In fact, thanks to their work, the USSR was able to prepare for the war with fascist Germany and win. But history has declared the heroes of completely different people.
  5. +2
    November 29, 2019
    It seems to me that the article and the title do not quite fit together ... And even more so the title photo ...
    From what we have read it becomes clear that Russia supplied the helicopters to AFGHANISTAN and not to America. Yes, forever green, but not America. Well, rocket engines are also doubtful to be called weapons. Rather, the elements of the transport system. We are not selling RD for tomahawks and Polaris, but for other missiles.
    1. -2
      November 29, 2019
      oh well, still interesting
  6. 0
    November 29, 2019
    But, strangely enough, Russia is at the same time a supplier of certain types of weapons and military equipment for the needs of the armed forces of the United States of America and their allies.

    And what's so strange? Just a business.
  7. +3
    November 29, 2019
    I can't even imagine that Stalin would supply PPSh submachine guns to Hitler or Katyushas ...
    1. -2
      November 29, 2019
      But Hitler supplied Stalin with industrial equipment for dual purposes before the war. One press for Uralmash was worth what: until the end of the war it was stamping T-XNUMX towers
  8. +2
    November 29, 2019
    Money doesn’t smell .... granddaughters in America need something to live on ....
  9. -5
    November 29, 2019
    Quote: Ilya Polonsky
    Economic relations USA and USSR в pre-revolutionary period domestic history were not significant.

    in the pre-revolutionary period:
    The USSR was definitely not there, and the United States in Russian, basically. used the name North American United States (USA)
    Quote: Ilya Polonsky
    Which one weapon Does Russia sell in the USA ?.

    1/3 articles about RD-180 fool
    what is this "weapon"?
    I understand, let's say RD-250 = Index GRAU 8D518.
    and RD-180?
    / according to the agreement, the RD-180 cannot even be used for the withdrawal of a military payload, but ... the Americans have hammered in on this, but our downcast eyes "do not notice."
    Quote: Ilya Polonsky
    In 2008-2010 Energomash suffered serious losses in connection with the supply of engines to America

    where the firewood comes from? and whether it is "serious" losses (count 2a engines stolen, which is a trifle for today's Russia)
    According to unpublished According to the records of the Russian Audit Chamber, Energomash incurred losses of $ 50 million from the sale of US engines in the period from 2008 to 2010. This is due to management errors made by unnamed former executives who sold Amross engines for a smaller amount, what their products really cost.
    Are the Americans or thieves from Energomash and the Government of the Russian Federation to blame?

    RD Amross with staff of five is a joint venture Russian engine manufacturer NPO Energomash and American aerospace giant United Technologies.
    1. RD Amross buys engines from Energomash on average for $ 20,2 million (contract 2014)
    2. Amross adds $ 3,2 million, or 15% (normal boys) to the cost of each engine. As a result, the company sells each ULA engine for $ 23,4 million.
    3. For how much does the ULA sell the US Air Force RD-180? ”
    until 2013 it was like this:
    $ 303 million for Amross's delivery of 12 ULA engines from 2011 to 2013

    $ 25,25 million / piece было

    In a 67-page report, Pentagon auditors call this approach "unacceptable in terms of providing fair and reasonable prices." In their view, a profit of $ 66 million is inadmissible and excessive. The services that Amross indicated to explain the markups “were of no or negligible benefit,” the auditors wrote. They also contested $ 14,4 million in overhead.

    Charles Thieffer, professor of law at the University of Baltimore, who studied the 67-page report of Pentagon auditors, said:
    The bottom line is that a joint venture between Russians and Americans is robbing us completely.
  10. 0
    November 29, 2019
    During 1941-1945. 11 aircraft, 400 units of armored vehicles (tanks, armored personnel carriers, etc.), 12 cars, 000 motorcycles were delivered from the USA to the USSR

    This is a table from Wikipedia with an unspecified source. To spread such data from where the data came from is to engage in fraud.
  11. Eug
    November 29, 2019
    So, VSMPO delivered titanium disks to Boeing cheaper than Tupolev ...
  12. 0
    December 1 2019
    What weapons does Russia sell to the USA?
    The title is intriguing .....
    the American army through its allies and through various other channels acquires small quantities of small arms produced in Russia, which are then used in various conflicts and for training
    How many damned drool alone.
  13. 0
    December 2 2019
    Quote: Stas157
    In 2008-2010 Energomash endured serious losses in connection with the supply of engines to America, since they were supplied at a price of only half of the cost of production.

    Fuck! Didn't know that. They would give it away immediately - for free. Or with a surcharge! In the end, 140 billion was easily forgiven. Why don’t you give an engine to your partners? Here is the "wise" government policy in action!

    In 2011, the Accounts Chamber of the Russian Federation announced that NPO Energomash was selling RD-180s for half the cost of their production, and in this regard, "only in 2008-2009, the loss from their sales amounted to about 880 million rubles, or almost 68% of all In fact, this loud statement was not entirely unexpected: the confrontation between the Accounting Chamber and Energomash had begun several years earlier.In 2007, an audit by the same state auditor of the same enterprise resulted in the arrest of several representatives of the Accounting Chamber. The head of one of the departments of the JV, Yuri Gaidukov, was accused of extorting bribes from the management of Energomash in a record amount for those times - a total of 7 million euros. JV Sergei Klimantov Their chief, auditor Sergei Abramov, was forced to resign.

    Gaidukov's side argued that his group, which was conducting an audit of the foreign economic activity of NPO Energomash, for the first time publicly disclosed that the supply of RD-180 engines to the United States was not carried out directly to the customer (Lockheed Martin, and then ULA), but through an "offshore intermediary" available through RD Amross, a joint venture between Energomash and Pratt & Whitney. The prosecution insisted that Gaidukov demanded a bribe for making changes to the final report. The indications of the leadership of the Accounting Chamber changed. So, immediately after Gaidukov's arrest, the then head of the joint venture, Sergei Stepashin, said that the operation was carried out with the participation of the chamber and "is the desire of the Accounting Chamber to cleanse it from crooks and crooks." But a few days later Stepashin said at a press conference that pressure was put on the employees of the Gaidukov commission in the NGO, and the officer himself warned the joint venture that he was being offered a bribe for making changes to the audit report. Allegedly, the head of Roscosmos of that time, Perminov, even visited Stepashin with "former high-ranking officers of the KGB of the Soviet Union", and at the meeting "somewhere it was said - be careful, maybe you shouldn't get into this topic at all and so on."
  14. 0
    December 3 2019
    Next year, the Be-200 10pcs will be delivered to the United States for local rescuers, saiga and boar are purchased for some units of swat, there was a joint production of target missiles. Just what I immediately remembered.

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