Military Review

How the defenders of the Arctic defended Murmansk

21

Murmansk is quite young, but at the same time the largest of all the cities in the world located beyond the Arctic Circle. It is the largest non-freezing fishing and commercial port of the Arctic coast of the Russian Federation, as well as the industrial, cultural center of the North-West of our country and the personification of the Russian North.


During the Great Patriotic War on the Kola Peninsula, where Murmansk is located, the battle began for the main strategic center to capture the entire Arctic, the battle for the North. The enemy’s goals were obvious - the desire to possess the natural resources of the northern region and the capture of an ice-free port as a base for the Northern fleet.

However, the plans of the German command were not destined to come true. On their way stood the Soviet 14 Army, which for three years defended the Arctic from enemy troops. For heroism shown by the defenders of the Arctic, on May 6 of 1985, Murmansk was awarded the honorary title "Hero City".

In the presented video, the authors will reveal to the audience little-known pages of the battle for the North. The testimonies of eyewitnesses who took part in those battles, as well as the opinions of historians, search engines, who are actively studying the entire course of the battle for the Arctic, all this will allow the authors to answer why the Nazis did not manage to capture the Kola Peninsula during the Great Patriotic War.

Photos used:
VKontakte / Library network Shchekino
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  1. GKS 2111
    GKS 2111 25 November 2019 07: 56 New
    +5
    Murmansk really earned the title "Hero City" !!! And the soldiers and sailors who fought there, the German elite (mountain shooters) really didn’t do anything, they didn’t let them go to the port through which the goods we needed were needed .. Eternal Memory and Glory!!! hi
    1. Spartanez300
      Spartanez300 25 November 2019 08: 06 New
      +3
      The Nazis made their first attempt to capture Murmansk on June 29. The German command took its soldiers only a few days to capture the city and port. However, the enemy troops, twice as numerous as the Soviet ones, stumbled upon a fierce defense. Our soldiers with the help of the Northern Fleet Marine Corps stopped the enemy several tens of kilometers from Murmansk. On September 8, German troops again tried to break through to Murmansk, but again failed and were thrown back across the Bolshaya Zapadnaya Litsa River. At the turn of this river, the front line ran until October 1944. The fascist command was unable to achieve any of the goals set in the Arctic. By the end of the war, Murmansk was almost destroyed. Only port facilities and stone houses located in the central part of the city survived. By decision of the USSR government, Murmansk was included in the list of 15 cities, along with Moscow and Leningrad, the restoration of which was declared a priority for the country.
      On 6 of May 1985 of the year Murmansk was awarded the honorary title "Hero City" for defense against German troops during the Great Patriotic War.
      The city was also awarded the Order of Lenin, the Order of the Patriotic War of the 1st degree, the Order of the Red Banner of Labor and the Gold Star medal.
      1. tihonmarine
        tihonmarine 25 November 2019 08: 32 New
        +3
        Quote: Spartanez300
        On 6 of May 1985 of the year Murmansk was awarded the honorary title "Hero City" for defense against German troops during the Great Patriotic War.
        The city was also awarded the Order of Lenin, the Order of the Patriotic War of the 1st degree, the Order of the Red Banner of Labor and the Gold Star medal.

        Murmansk, as well as Leningrad, was supposed to receive the Star of the Hero 01 on May 1945.
  2. Cut Samshitov
    Cut Samshitov 25 November 2019 08: 02 New
    +2
    I hope that at least this fact does not allow the city of Hero to be renamed back in honor of Romanov citizens.
    1. tihonmarine
      tihonmarine 25 November 2019 08: 34 New
      +1
      Quote: Cut Samshitov
      I hope that at least this fact does not allow the city of Hero to be renamed back in honor of Romanov citizens.

      If one Hero City is renamed, then anything can happen. Everything is in the hands of those in power.
      1. kupitman
        kupitman 25 November 2019 09: 12 New
        +1
        Renamed as a result of a referendum held in the summer of 1991. Most residents of the city, then Leningrad, spoke in favor of renaming to St. Petersburg. By the way, this name has nothing to do with the Romanovs and the city was not named after Peter 1.
        Therefore, what have the powers that be?
        1. tihonmarine
          tihonmarine 25 November 2019 10: 21 New
          0
          Quote: kupitman
          By the way, this name has nothing to do with the Romanovs and the city was not named after Peter 1.
          Therefore, what have the powers that be?

          Well, to be honest, I never heard Peter be named not in honor of Peter the Great, but in honor of someone else.
          1. kupitman
            kupitman 25 November 2019 10: 35 New
            +1
            St. Petersburg - the first - St. Petrogorod, i.e. city ​​of St. Peter. The city is named after the Apostle Peter. Peter 1 only founded it. Oops ... But I didn’t know ...
            1. tihonmarine
              tihonmarine 25 November 2019 10: 41 New
              +1
              Quote: kupitman
              St. Petersburg - the first - St. Peter. The city is named after the Apostle Peter. Peter 1 only founded it. Oops ... But I didn’t know ..

              Thank you for the hint, because I thought that the city was named after St. Peter, the patron saint of the king-founder of the city, but over time, the city became more and more associated with the name of Peter I.
        2. tihonmarine
          tihonmarine 25 November 2019 10: 30 New
          0
          Quote: kupitman
          Therefore, what have the powers that be?
          Most deputies of the Leningrad City Council were anti-communist. They believed that it was wrong to give the city the name of the person who led the October Revolution and the creation of the Socialist State. And Russia has already ceased to be a Socialist state. As a result, "We have what we have."
          1. kupitman
            kupitman 25 November 2019 10: 39 New
            0
            Once again - REFERENDUM, on it 54% decided to rename.
        3. AU Ivanov.
          AU Ivanov. 25 November 2019 11: 01 New
          +1
          St. Petersburg returned the historical name. We did not name the city, and we did not rename it.
  3. Igorpl
    Igorpl 25 November 2019 08: 03 New
    +3
    Over 70 kilometers, everything was dug through the trenches. They stood and survived to death.
  4. The leader of the Redskins
    The leader of the Redskins 25 November 2019 08: 03 New
    +3
    Be sure to look at the lunch break. Thanks to the author.
  5. rocket757
    rocket757 25 November 2019 08: 17 New
    +2
    Not even episodes, ALL WAR, this is the heroic work and service of our people!
    1. tihonmarine
      tihonmarine 25 November 2019 08: 38 New
      +2
      Quote: rocket757
      ALL WAR, this is the heroic work and service of our people!
      The main artery of the country from 1941 to 1945 of the year. Almost until the very last day, the port city was bombed. We survived! Thanks to the fathers and grandfathers! [
      1. rocket757
        rocket757 25 November 2019 09: 27 New
        +2
        Quote: tihonmarine
        Thanks to fathers and grandfathers!

        And now there is someone to stand up for the Motherland and the people! Russian land, may the ranks of your defenders not be impoverished!
  6. knn54
    knn54 25 November 2019 08: 34 New
    +4
    "Mass graves have no tearful widows -
    People go stronger here.
    On communal graves do not put crosses,
    But is it easier on that "? ..
  7. The comment was deleted.
    1. 210ox
      210ox 25 November 2019 12: 26 New
      +1
      Have you forgotten here, miserable?
    2. Catfish
      Catfish 25 November 2019 13: 53 New
      +2
      On the site posts in languages ​​other than Russian are prohibited.
  8. Alexander Sosnitsky
    Alexander Sosnitsky 25 November 2019 15: 11 New
    0
    My father told me about the battle of gunners in the Germans in the hills, which is probably mentioned in the film. He was the commander of a gun that was pushed from above onto German cars because of a turn and crushed their battle formations. Apparently he was the first to go in a column. Our battle won. The unit commander awarded, a tornado came and took the medal, and put his father in the basement. The commander pulled out his father, and the tornado again planted. The gun is lost. And so several times. Father 1917 gr, he was 24 years old. I asked the boy how you survived. The answer is, the offensive begins and everyone upstairs. Such is the war. Then in the hills he left the encirclement with a gun on the tractor as part of a German motorcade on a long night. It began to grow light and he rushed to the side road. The entire column fired, but did not hurt the driver and father, the tarp of the cockpit shattered. For the north received "For Military Merit", as it seems called. Most of all she was proud at five orders later and twice tried to assign him a Hero already in 44-45. He said that it was worth the Hero in those years. I practically had no chance of being born, somewhere around 1: 1000, I figured it out.