Military Review

Ukraine publishes report on the volume of imports of nuclear fuel

40

A report was published in Ukraine reporting where nuclear fuel was purchased for its nuclear power plants. Recall that earlier in Kiev they announced the goal of phasing out purchases of nuclear fuel from Russia.


The report says that in the first 9 months of the year, the main purchases were nevertheless in Russia. Russian-made fuel assemblies were imported in the amount of almost 158,5 million dollars - 61,2%. If expressed in absolute terms, then this is about 174,5 tons of nuclear fuel.

The rest, allegedly, Ukraine purchased from Sweden. It is stated that Swedish products for nuclear power plants were purchased in the amount of approximately 100 million dollars. This is about 141 tons of nuclear fuel.

Speaking of “Swedish nuclear fuel”, Ukraine refers to fuel assemblies from Westinghouse. In the spring of 2014, Ukraine entered into an agreement with this company, on the basis of which it purchases nuclear fuel produced in Sweden. This despite the fact that at the moment Westinghouse is a company going through bankruptcy proceedings.

The Ukrainian Energoatom continues to use western fuel assemblies in Soviet-designed reactors. Apparently, nobody in the Ukrainian leadership is bothered by the fact that this one does not meet the safety standards for the power units of operating nuclear power plants.
Photos used:
Rivne NPP
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  1. Spartanez300
    Spartanez300 21 November 2019 14: 24 New
    0
    They want a new Chernobyl to organize mediocrity.
    1. den3080
      den3080 21 November 2019 14: 35 New
      +11
      Continue to saw the branch on which they sit.
      There is a brilliant Armenian cartoon “Ax”.
      Take a look. Well, purely Ukraine. Neither add nor decrease.
      1. tihonmarine
        tihonmarine 21 November 2019 14: 41 New
        -1
        Quote: den3080
        Continue to saw the branch on which they sit.

        Well, finally I realized why it’s forbidden to use saws in psychic hospitals.
        1. 210ox
          210ox 21 November 2019 14: 46 New
          +4
          What saws ?! Even forks .. Although, if in essence, Westinghouse violated the ownership right by copying the Soviet fuel assembly. And our manufacturing companies swallowed it for granted.
          1. tihonmarine
            tihonmarine 21 November 2019 15: 12 New
            -3
            Quote: 210ox
            What saws ?!

            How many? Well, with loves, manual, electric, well, in general, with which you can cut the branches on which you sit.
            1. 210ox
              210ox 21 November 2019 15: 14 New
              -3
              Actually, I said about the forks. Electric or gasoline has not yet been observed wink
          2. svd-xnumx
            svd-xnumx 21 November 2019 17: 38 New
            +3
            TVEL, too, does not seem to be shy about producing assemblies for "Western" reactors, it touches the situation when the brothers from the Swedes buy fuel and the Swedes from Russia. It would not turn out that the Russian assemblies via Sweden (maybe even virtually) migrated to the Banderastan.
            In 2016, the Rosatom subdivision, TVEL Fuel Company, entered into the first contract for the commercial supply abroad of fuel assemblies TVS-Kvadrat, suitable foreign-design nuclear power plants (with light-water reactors of the PWR type). The first contract was concluded with Sweden for Ringhals NPP [26]. Unlike Russian fuel assemblies having a hexagonal section, TVS-Kvadrat have a square section.

            In addition, in 2016, an agreement was signed with Global Nuclear Fuel-Americas (a subsidiary of GE-Hitachi) on cooperation in promoting TVS-Square on the American market. It is assumed that fuel loading at American nuclear power plants will occur in 2019. In April 2019, Rosatom confirmed that work with the United States on the supply of TVS-Square is on schedule [27].

            In January 2019, Rosatom signed a contract for the production of fuel for fast neutron reactors with the Chinese CNLY, which is part of the national corporation CNNC (China National Nuclear Corporation) [28]. The fuel will be manufactured for the CFR-600 fast neutron reactor building unit - for the first load, and then reboot for seven years of operation of the reactor. For this project, TVEL will build a special production workshop at the MSZ (Elektrostal)
            1. hydrox
              hydrox 22 November 2019 07: 48 New
              +1
              [quote = svd-73] No matter how it turns out that Russian assemblies through Sweden (maybe even virtually) migrated to Banderostan. [quote]
              You know, we should be more restrained about SUCH skakuaz tricks: we don’t give a damn about who, for what money they will buy fuel assemblies, but the main thing should console us: the assemblies are made not by anyone, but by the TVEL concern, which has the proper experience although the danger of burning rods, square cross-section, planted in a 6-sided cell, still remains significantly increased, the thermal power of the reactor should be forcibly reduced, and the actions of the skakuas, Americans and Brussels officials are equally criminal.
              And why does the European Union remain SO QUIET - or did Trump pay them for silence (lambs) anyway? ..
      2. LifeIsGood
        LifeIsGood 21 November 2019 15: 57 New
        -3
        And THIS is shown to children? .... Hmm .... And we still wonder where "jihad and all that" comes from ...
    2. Zeev Zeev
      Zeev Zeev 21 November 2019 15: 18 New
      -8
      New Chernobyl in the South China Sea is likely to be
  2. Antares
    Antares 21 November 2019 14: 46 New
    -16
    The usual diversification of supplies.
    That is what was stated.
    There were several suppliers. And not one monopolist.
    And yes, TVEL is a little cheaper.
    Plus, the familiar scheme "Ukrainian uranium in exchange for a fuel rod" .. reduces the cost of the procedure.
    The import region where Ukraine has always clearly paid with TVEL for rods.
    And where TVEL has always emphasized that Ukraine is a reliable buyer (constant since the nth year_)
    Obviously there in this "Russian-Ukrainian business of uranium, and fuel rod with other equipment" a lot of money sawed together. But their volume is very large.
    1. den3080
      den3080 21 November 2019 14: 56 New
      +5
      Antares :)
      stream of consciousness of an effective manager?
      No one has yet canceled radiation materials science.
      Western fuel elements cannot behave absolutely the same as Russian ones. a-priory.
      and they are shoved into a Soviet / Russian reactor. It is just DANGEROUS.

      but effective managers usually have a different education (lawyers, economists) to them that fuel, that dung - one fig fuel. Why not arrange diversification.
      1. rhino
        rhino 21 November 2019 15: 26 New
        -12
        Western TVELs can work perfectly. Westinghouse already 15 years ago calculated and designed analogues of Russian ones. Or do you think that after Chernobyl we in Ukraine do not understand the dangers of nuclear power plants ???
        1. den3080
          den3080 21 November 2019 17: 29 New
          +6
          Yes, the flag in your hands.
          I already 3 times in 2 years explained in sufficient detail why it is DANGEROUS to push someone else's rods into someone else's reactor, even if they are the same shape as the Russian ones and even the composition is almost the same.
          the whole point is “almost” because atomic energy developed in parallel ways, in the USA and the USSR. And everything was classified, PERFECT SECRET.
          The result is one - electricity, and the materials from which the reactors and fuel elements and assemblies are made are slightly different in composition, therefore, in the conditions of hard radiation they behave differently.
          Though you sit down counting, you will not count. Alien in a stranger.

          the decision taken on the so-called diversification was political, not at all technical and not scientific. And under this decision of the Washington regional committee for 20 years they have been pushing the unreleased into Soviet reactors. Piss, but shove. And they report that everything is in a bundle.

          In your 404 99% this is done unfortunately. fake heroes, fake story, coal from South Africa, gas like not from Russia and EVERYTHING is calculated laughing West calculated and guaranteed, and only swear m ... rock interfere.
          Cartoon "Ax" look at the beginning of the topic. This is about you. Back in 1994, a cartoon was made.
        2. asv363
          asv363 21 November 2019 17: 38 New
          +3
          Quote: Nashorn
          Westinghouse already 15 years ago calculated and designed analogues of Russian

          No. TVS from West have “hanging” fuel rods, i.e. not fixed at the bottom. Even in terms of parameters - the same kgf (hydraulic resistance coefficient) of a fuel assembly is different, and this is only one parameter where there is a difference.
          1. rhino
            rhino 22 November 2019 21: 38 New
            0
            And how does it work then ??? Or are they next to the reactor on the floor ???
            1. asv363
              asv363 22 November 2019 22: 25 New
              0
              In our TVSA, the number of fuel elements is 312. They are fixed in the lower shank and in the spacer grids. For Americans - only in distance grids. The rigidity of the structure is achieved due to 6 vertical angles in TVSA, in West - due to the so-called. the supporting frame when the spacer grids are welded to the central channel under the DPZ sensors and to six tubes under the absorbing rods of the CPS.
        3. Ramzaj99
          Ramzaj99 21 November 2019 18: 22 New
          +4
          Quote: Nashorn
          Western TVELs can work perfectly. Westinghouse already 15 years ago calculated and designed analogues of Russian ones. Or do you think that after Chernobyl we in Ukraine do not understand the dangers of nuclear power plants ???

          There have been more emergencies at Ukrainian NPPs over the past 3 years than during ALL other years of “independent” operation. 2 power units in general, after constant emergency situations and emergency jamming, were decommissioned under the pretext of a thorough repair, but the repair never started. Two more, which are under construction and are 3-90% ready 95 years ago, are currently disassembled as donors and frozen . The European Atomic Safety Agency has forecasted major accidents at Ukrainian nuclear power plants over the next 10 years with a forecast of 80% if no major changes occur.
          1. Ramzaj99
            Ramzaj99 21 November 2019 18: 35 New
            +2
            The topic is part of the article.
            "A new nuclear accident at a nuclear power plant in Ukraine with a probability of 80 percent may happen in the next five years.

            This sensational and very disturbing information, shocking the European Union, was published by the Italian edition of Gli Occhi Della Guerra. The EU understands: in the event of such an emergency, an "atomic cloud" can actually "swim" to their countries. And thousands of “ecological” refugees from Ukraine will surely flood into the West.

            Little of. In a study by the reputable international organization Energy Research & Social Science (ERSS), to which Gli Occhi Della Guerra refers, two of the most dangerous nuclear power plants in Ukraine are mentioned. These are the Rivne and South Ukrainian stations (Nikolaev region). It is precisely on them that one should be wary in the coming years of an accident like the one that struck in 1979 at the American Three Mile Island nuclear power plant.

            In support of this forecast, an article by Gli Occhi Della Guerra provides data on four operating Ukrainian nuclear power plants built in the Soviet era, with 15 power units operating. The term of their operation according to the instructions should not exceed thirty years. But seven reactors are already much older and should have been decommissioned a long time ago.

            Moreover, having abandoned Russian nuclear fuel at one time, local power engineers, despite warnings from Russian specialists about possible "incompatibility," transferred them to the fuel cells of the US-Japanese company Westinghouse. However, it quickly became clear that (as expected!) The fuel assemblies produced by the American company were unsuitable for operation at stations built in the USSR.

            For some time, such fuel cells were banned in Ukraine. According to the Italian edition, "the loss of the state-owned Ukrainian company Energoatom, which is responsible for nuclear power plants, amounted to $ 175 million."

            It would be okay only financial losses (they are actually much higher, given the losses from purchased and unused fuel assemblies-WR, as well as due to the forced downtime of two units of the South Ukrainian NPP). The problem is much more acute - the safety of these nuclear power plants. And that means - and the inhabitants of the country .................
        4. hydrox
          hydrox 22 November 2019 07: 55 New
          0
          Criminally do not understand!
          Therefore, for complete happiness, you do not have enough of the explosion of at least one other reactor to close ALL your nuclear energy to such a mother - you don’t even have dummies from an alternative, and you have already cut down the whole forest in the Carpathians!
          But as in the dark, demographic indicators are improving, and HOW you, breeders, it is now becoming colonially necessary! laughing
          1. rhino
            rhino 22 November 2019 21: 34 New
            0
            Where to us. You know better.
        5. Crimean partisan 1974
          Crimean partisan 1974 22 November 2019 19: 08 New
          +1
          Western TVELs can work perfectly. Westinghouse .... the question was organized, do you have a personal car? if so, what to call? if you answer, then I'm a little bit diligently spreading what is the difference in fuel .... or will you guess?
          1. rhino
            rhino 22 November 2019 21: 33 New
            0
            There is a car, of course. ZAZ Sens.
            I am aware that nuclear fuel is as different as gasoline. For developers it will not be difficult to repeat the composition. Yes, this is not elementary, but Westinghouse is not a collective farm forge.
            1. hydrox
              hydrox 22 November 2019 23: 24 New
              +1
              Quote: Nashorn
              but Westinghouse is not a collective farm forge.

              Exactly, not a forge, but much worse: a forge has a master, there are tools, a front of work and an interest.
              Your shameful Westinghouse has no owners, there is a bankruptcy proceeding, and the crisis manager does not give a damn about your nuclear power plants, and you too - they no longer bear responsibility for the activities of Westinghouse.
            2. Crimean partisan 1974
              Crimean partisan 1974 23 November 2019 10: 08 New
              +2
              For developers it will not be difficult to repeat the composition. ..... it may not be difficult to copy, only no one anywhere in the west can set up a separate line for cheap fuel, there will be no profit, then there will be guaranteed bankruptcy, such is the bourgeois western world, you won’t do anything, therefore will vaporize fuel assemblies with a high degree of purification and reactivity. I knowingly cited an example about a car, try pouring a cinder with an octane higher than a hundred into a VAZ-2106. 16-20 kilometers and you can safely drag the engine to the metal base, exactly like the AI-80 surrogate in your ZAZ qualification
      2. tihonmarine
        tihonmarine 21 November 2019 15: 27 New
        +4
        Quote: den3080
        but effective managers usually have a different education (lawyers, economists) to them that fuel, that dung - one fig fuel.

        Yes, it’s bad when economists rule space medicine, journalists in space, and managers in nuclear reactors. And how not to remember I.A. Krylov
        The trouble is, since the cobbler will start the pies, And the boots will stitch the pastry, And things will not go in the way. Yes, and a hundredfold is noted, that whoever loves to take up someone else’s craft is always more obstinate and foolish than others: He’s better to ruin everything
    2. Brturin
      Brturin 21 November 2019 15: 09 New
      +3
      Quote: Antares
      And yes, TVEL is a little cheaper.

      And TVEL takes its back, "purchased for about $ 100 million. This is about 141 tons of nuclear fuel," and this will always remain here ...
    3. asv363
      asv363 21 November 2019 17: 23 New
      +2
      Quote: Antares
      Plus, the familiar scheme "Ukrainian uranium in exchange for a fuel rod" .. reduces the cost of the procedure.

      Uranium mined in Ukraine is enough for 30-40% of all fuel consumed at nuclear power plants.

      Quote: Antares
      Obviously there in this "Russian-Ukrainian business of uranium, and fuel rod with other equipment" a lot of money sawed together.

      Do not make me laugh. At what stage is the "cut" possible: conversion, enrichment, deconversion, sintering of tablets, fabrication?
      1. Antares
        Antares 22 November 2019 00: 16 New
        0
        Quote: asv363
        At what stage is the "cut" possible: conversion, enrichment, deconversion, sintering of tablets, fabrication?

        Yes, on the same as the "business presidents." It seems to be, well, what’s easier - a pipe and counters .. where is it "cut" ...
        This is Ukraine and Russia - there’s 1000 and 1 way to cut money ...
        Quote: asv363
        Uranium mined in Ukraine is enough for 30-40% of all fuel consumed at nuclear power plants.

        Well, that’s already good. Given that 1/3 can be sold and get discounted rods.
        In January-June 2019, Ukraine acquired nuclear fuel for a total of $ 98,402 million, with almost half from the Russian Federation
        "For six months of this year, Russian-made fuel for $ 47 million 173,1 thousand was bought for Ukrainian nuclear power plants (NPPs), and $ 51 million 228,9 thousand for Swedish," the statement said.
        Thus, the share of Ukrainian purchases of nuclear fuel for the reporting period from TVEL (RF) in monetary terms amounted to 47,9%, from Westinghouse (Sweden) - 52,1%.
        At the end of 2018, Ukraine bought nuclear fuel for a total of $ 523,1 million for nuclear power plants. This was reported by the State Statistics Service (Gosstat), betrayed by Interfax-Ukraine.
        According to the report, nuclear fuel worth $ 148,5 million was purchased from the Swedish daughter of the American company Westinghouse. Fuel worth $ 374,6 million was purchased from the Russian company TVEL.
        As a result, the share of Ukrainian purchases of nuclear fuel in 2018 from TVEL in monetary terms amounted to 71,6%, from Westinghouse - 28,4%.
        in 2017, Ukraine purchased nuclear fuel for $ 533,4 million: from Russia - for $ 368,96 million (69,2%), and from Sweden - for $ 164,45 million (30,8%).
        In 2016, Ukraine purchased fuel for $ 548,81 million (from Russia - $ 386,782 million and from Sweden $ 162,028 million).
        in 2014 - by $ 628,176 million (from the Russian Federation - by $ 588,831 million, Sweden - by $ 39,345 million), in 2013 - by $ 600,596 million (all from the Russian Federation), in 2012 - by $ 600,334 million (from the Russian Federation - by 555,355 million dollars, Sweden - by 44,979 million dollars).

        That still, the share of the Russian Federation is growing in 2018 .. and this year so far at 50%
    4. Den717
      Den717 21 November 2019 17: 53 New
      +1
      Quote: Antares
      And yes, TVEL is a little cheaper.

      Right? Is there data on the contract? Can you share?
      1. Antares
        Antares 22 November 2019 00: 34 New
        +1
        Quote: Den717
        Right? Is there data on the contract? Can you share?

        is it by the "secret contract"?
        An agreement with the Russian company TVEL extending the contract for the supply of nuclear fuel to most Ukrainian NPP units until 2025, which expires in 2020.
        The agreement signed with Energoatom with Russians secures TVEL until 2025 a dominant position in the Ukrainian market (8 out of 15 reactors).
        (which is confirmed by the statistics that I cited for 2018 - the proportion of fuel elements in front of the Swedes is growing)
        To date, the situation is as follows: TVEL supplies fuel to 9 Ukrainian reactors (7 - VVER-1000, 2 - VVER-440), Westinghouse - 6 (all VVER-1000).
        in September 2018, Energoatom signed an additional agreement with TVEL until 2025, and immediately emphasized that earlier, in January 2018, an additional agreement was signed with the American company Westinghouse.
        the presence of which in the Ukrainian market allowed Kiev to scare TVEL with an increase in the share of Americans and bargain for itself more favorable conditions for the supply of Russian assemblies.
        According to market experts, prices for American and Russian fuel per kilogram of heavy metal are comparable, and at present, according to Y. Nedashkovsky, "the price of Russian and American assemblies is falling sharply as a result of the reduction in the cost of nuclear fuel components on the world market." But, according to experts, in terms of price / quality the American assemblies are better than the assemblies - they are more energetic, they have more uranium, they are more functional (you can remove and replace fuel rods - fuel tubes from them), and the American fuel assemblies have been operating for four years better than Russian (they have less deformations). In addition, according to the testimony of Yu. Nedashkovsky, “we buy ready fuel and almost all components from TVEL,” and with Westinghouse we have a slightly different scheme - “we ourselves, in open tenders, buy enriched uranium product in international markets and buy where we offer best conditions and prices "
        More on contract and prices
        "TVEL fuel pricing methodology is provided only until 2020
        In September, they adjusted the price with the Russians, reduced volumes and limited their validity to 2025, as with Westinghouse "
        a contract with TVEL, it contains provisions allowing the Ukrainian side to review (reduce) fuel supplies if the Russian company does not fulfill the most important contractual obligation - to build a fuel assembly plant in Ukraine
        elimination of penalties and possible legal claims on the part of TVEL JSC in connection with an under-order of volumes of nuclear fuel supplies due to an increase in volumes of Westinghouse nuclear fuel supplies
        Well and most importantly, TVEL actively for the third time proposed to build a fuel plant in Ukraine.
        For a concrete struggle unfolded in earnest.
        Few Americans - so also the Chinese climb
        China Nuclear Energy Industry Corporation with its offers since 2018 ..
  3. rocket757
    rocket757 21 November 2019 14: 52 New
    0
    The country of the victorious .... now like a monkey with a grenade. Large, vigorous, grenade.
    1. Brturin
      Brturin 21 November 2019 15: 15 New
      +2
      Quote: rocket757
      now like a monkey with a grenade

      Until the reactors for now ..., and so in August at the Khmelnitsky nuclear power plant, after starting up after repair, the turbo-generator was killed, according to one version "they forgot the wad made of cloth used to clean the cooling system" - 4 billion hryvnias ...
      1. alien308
        alien308 21 November 2019 17: 17 New
        +1
        Nevertheless, TVEL is working on a TVS-square. How can they act like Westerners?
        1. rocket757
          rocket757 21 November 2019 17: 25 New
          +1
          If it weren’t so dangerous, it would be possible to send and forget .... but it’s very dangerous next to us.
          1. ser56
            ser56 21 November 2019 18: 20 New
            +1
            Quote: rocket757
            but, it’s very dangerous and next to us.

            Do not exaggerate - all the blocks at these VVER-type NPPs, they are equipped with a hemoblock ... in the worst case, it will be like in Japan, but something serious will most likely break / break, and there will be no money to fix it - it's like with a generator in Khmelnitsky. .. request And they will stand ... hi
        2. Brturin
          Brturin 21 November 2019 18: 27 New
          0
          Quote: alien308
          TVS-square

          This square is for the "western" reactors. Rosatom is creating the so-called "tolerant fuel", they would call it emergency in Russian, it was not long ago reported that it had finished its tests in a research reactor, and next year they would load it at an operating nuclear power plant (they talked about Rostov). With these it will be calmer, but when ....
  4. Politruk-m
    Politruk-m 21 November 2019 17: 17 New
    +2
    It’s scary to read such articles about the Outskirts .. It’s immediately reminiscent of “Don’t get to anyone ..” They will sell and take out the black soil and undermine them by hiding traces, but they will scatter around the world .. And Russia should not tear it apart. angry
    1. Tusv
      Tusv 21 November 2019 17: 50 New
      +1
      Quote: Politruk-M
      It’s immediately reminded, “Don’t you get to anyone ..

      So far, no limitrophy is worth fighting for Ukraine. If it doesn’t work out, we all know who to call chocks
  5. ser56
    ser56 21 November 2019 18: 16 New
    +1
    There is only one hope - after a fairly short period of time, the units at Ukrainian NPPs will be crumbled: the operational life is running out, measures to extend the life are either not conducted, or cosmetic bags are being conducted, professionals are leaving ... request