Trophy Austrian, Czechoslovak and Polish anti-tank guns in the German Armed Forces in World War II

Trophy Austrian, Czechoslovak and Polish anti-tank guns in the German Armed Forces in World War II

As you know, during the Second World War, it was specialized anti-tank artillery that caused the greatest losses to armored vehicles. Although the saturation of troops with anti-tank guns and their penetration was constantly increasing, an acute shortage of anti-tank weapons was experienced in the armies of most warring states until the end of hostilities.


In the initial period of the Second World War, in the anti-tank units of the Wehrmacht, there was a significant amount of 37 mm 3,7 cm Pak guns. 35/36. However, these guns, which had a high rate of fire, small dimensions and weight, the ability to quickly transport and good maneuverability on the battlefield, could not effectively deal with tanksprotected by bulletproof armor. In this regard, by the beginning of 1943, the 37 mm guns ceased to play a noticeable role in anti-tank defense, although they were used in the "second roles" until May 1945. The industry of Germany and occupied European countries did not have time to compensate for the huge losses of equipment and weapons on the Eastern Front. Despite the efforts made, it was not possible to fully satisfy the needs for 50 mm 5 cm Pak guns. 38 and 75 mm 7,5 cm Pak. 40. In this regard, the Germans had to use 88 mm anti-aircraft guns and field guns of the caliber 105-150 mm in anti-tank defense. Creation of 88 mm Flak anti-aircraft guns based on. 41 with a barrel length of 71 caliber anti-tank guns 8,8 cm Pak. 43 did not change the situation. Although the 88-mm armor-piercing projectile with an initial speed of 1000 m / s at real combat distances confidently hit all serial Soviet, American and British tanks, an 8,8 cm Pak gun. 43 proved to be expensive to manufacture, and with a mass in the combat position of 4240-4400 kg had extremely low maneuverability. Monster-shaped 128 mm gun 12,8 cm PaK. 44 with the ballistics of a 128 mm FlaK anti-aircraft gun. 40, during the Second World War there were no analogues in terms of firing range and armor penetration, however, the mass in a combat position of about 10000 kg and excessive dimensions nullified all the advantages.

Austrian 47-mm gun Böhler M35


In the conditions of chronic shortage of anti-tank artillery, the armed forces of Nazi Germany actively used guns captured in other countries. The first foreign anti-tank guns, adopted by the Wehrmacht, were the Austrian 47-mm Böhler M35.


47-mm anti-tank gun Böhler M35

The design of this model was influenced by the views of the Austrian military, who wanted to get a universal artillery system suitable for use in mountainous areas. In this regard, the designers of the company Böhler ("Boehler") created a very unusual weapon, which in the Austrian army was used as an infantry, mountain and anti-tank. Depending on the purpose, the 47-mm gun had a different barrel length and could be equipped with a muzzle brake. A collapsible modification suitable for transportation in packs was also mass-produced. A common feature of all models was a large elevation angle, the absence of an anti-splinter shield, as well as the possibility of separating the wheel drive and mounting directly on the ground, which reduced the silhouette at the firing position. To reduce the mass in the transport position, some of the late-production guns were equipped with wheels with alloy wheels.

As follows from the designation, mass production of the gun began in the 1935 year, and for that time, despite a number of controversial decisions due to the requirements of universality, it was very effective in the role of anti-tank. Modification with a barrel length of 1680 mm in transport position weighed 315 kg, in combat, after separation of the wheel drive - 277 kg. The firing angles in the vertical ranged from -5 ° to + 56 °, in the horizontal plane - 62 °. Combat rate of fire 10-12 rds / min. The ammunition had fragmentation and armor-piercing shells. A fragmentation projectile weighing 2,37 kg had an initial speed of 320 m / s and a firing range of 7000 m. An armor-piercing tracer projectile weighing 1,44 kg left the barrel at a speed of 630 m / s. At a distance of 100 m along the normal, he could penetrate 58 mm armor plate, at 500 m - 43 mm, at 1000 m - 36 mm. Modification with a barrel length of 1880 mm at a range of 100 m was able to penetrate 70 mm armor.

Thus, the 47-mm Böhler M35 gun with acceptable weight and size characteristics at all distances could successfully deal with armored vehicles protected by bulletproof armor, at short range with medium tanks with anti-ballistic armor.

After the Anschluss of Austria, the Germans got 330 47-mm guns, and approximately 150 guns were assembled from the existing reserve until the end of the 1940 year. Austrian 47-mm guns were adopted under the designation 4,7 Pak. 35 / 36 (ö). Given the fact that the Böhler M35 enjoyed success in the foreign market, Germany got the Dutch guns, called 4,7 Pak. 187 (h), and former Lithuanians seized in the warehouses of the Red Army - designated 4,7 Pak. 196 (r). The guns manufactured in Italy under license had the designation Cannone da 47 / 32 Mod. 35. After Italy emerged from the war, the Italian guns captured by the Wehrmacht were called the 4,7 Pak. 177 (i).


According to rough estimates, in June 1941, the Wehrmacht had at its disposal 500 guns Böhler M35. Until the middle of the 1942 year, they actively fought on the Eastern Front and in North Africa. A number of 47-mm guns were used to equip improvised anti-tank self-propelled guns. Subsequently, the surviving and captured guns in Italy were handed over to Finland, Croatia and Romania.

Czechoslovak anti-tank guns 3.7 cm kanon PUV vz. 34 (Škoda vz. 34 UV), 3.7 cm kanon PUV.vz.37 and 47-mm 4.7 cm kanon PUV. vz. 36.


Czechoslovakia became another country annexed by Germany in the 1938 year. Although this country had a developed defense industry, and the Czechoslovak army was considered quite combat-ready, as a result of the betrayal of the governments of England and France, the country was divided almost without resistance by the Germans into the protectorate of Bohemia and Moravia, Slovakia and the Carpathian Ukraine (occupied by Hungary). At the disposal of Germany were stocks of weapons of the Czechoslovak army, which allowed to arm the 9 infantry divisions. Throughout the war, Czech industry worked for the Nazis.

In March of the 1939 of the year, in the anti-tank batteries of the Czechoslovak army there were 37-mm guns 3.7 cm kanon PUV vz. 34 (Škoda vz. 34 UV), 3.7 cm kanon PUV.vz.37 and 47-mm 4.7 cm kanon PUV. vz. 36. By the time of the occupation, the customer was delivered 1734 37-mm and 775 47-mm guns.


37-mm anti-tank gun 3.7 cm kanon PUV vz. 34 with pneumatic tires

37-mm anti-tank gun 3.7 cm kanon PUV vz. 34 (export name Škoda A3) had a small weight and dimensions. By design, this tool was quite perfect for its time. Wooden wheels with a metal rim were sprung, which made it possible to transport the gun not only by horses, but also by mechanical traction. The mass in combat position was 364 kg. The gun had a monoblock barrel with a horizontal wedge bolt, which ensured the rate of fire of the 15-20 rounds per minute. The ammunition included armor-piercing shell weighing 0,85 kg and fragmentation mass 1,2 kg. With a barrel length of 1480 mm, an armor-piercing projectile, having accelerated to 640 m / s, at a distance of 100 m could normally penetrate 42 mm armor, at a range of 500 m, armor penetration was 31 mm.

The 3.7 cm kanon PUV.vz.37 gun was different from arr. 1934 g. Carriage construction and barrel length 1770 mm. 1934 mm anti-fragmentation shield was mounted on the guns of the 1937 sample and the 5 sample. Thanks to the longer barrel, the armor penetration of the 3.7 cm kanon PUV.vz.37 has increased significantly. At a distance of 100 with an improved armor-piercing shell with a carbide tip, 60 mm armor could be pierced along the normal. At a range of 500 m, penetration was 38 mm.


German soldiers with 37-mm gun 3.7 cm kanon PUV.vz.37

The Germans, evaluating the combat qualities of Czech guns, adopted them under the designation 3,7-cm Pak. 34 (t) and 3,7-cm Pak. 37 (t). Production of guns arr. 1937 continued until May 1940. After the loss of independence, the Skoda factories delivered 513 guns to the Wehrmacht. The guns intended for the armed forces of the Third Reich received wheels with pneumatic tires, which allowed to increase the speed of their transportation. These wheels in army workshops were also equipped with some of the guns built in Czechoslovakia.

Czech-made 37-mm anti-tank guns along with the German Pak. 35 / 36 in the initial period of the war were used in anti-tank units of infantry divisions. However, soon after the invasion of the USSR, it became clear that the armor penetration of 37-mm guns and the armored action of their shells on modern medium and heavy tanks left much to be desired, and they were quickly supplanted in parts of the first line by more effective anti-tank weapons.

The 47-mm 4.7 cm kanon PUV gun had greater armor penetration. vz. 36. In addition, a gun with a fragmentation projectile weighing 2,3 kg and containing 253 g of TNT was better suited for providing fire support, destroying light field fortifications and suppressing firing points.


47-mm anti-tank gun 4.7 cm kanon PUV. vz. 36 in combat

This gun was developed by Skoda in the 1936 year as a further development of the 37-mm anti-tank gun. Externally 4.7 cm kanon PUV. vz. 36 was similar to 3.7 cm kanon PUV.vz.34 differing in larger caliber, overall dimensions and weight increased to 595 kg. In addition, for ease of transportation, both stands of the 47-mm gun were folded and deployed at 180 ° and attached to the barrel.


47-mm anti-tank gun 4.7 cm kanon PUV. vz. 36 in transport position

As of the 1939 year, the 47-mm Czechoslovakian gun was one of the most powerful in the world. With a barrel length of 2219 mm, the initial velocity of 1,65 kg of armor-piercing projectile was 775 m / s. At a right angle of 1000 m, he pierced 55 mm armor. A well-trained calculation per minute could make 15 aimed shots.

Before the occupation of Czechoslovakia, the Skoda company managed to produce 775 47-mm anti-tank guns. Several dozen of these guns were sold to Yugoslavia in the 1938 year. The piquancy of the situation was that in the 1940 year these weapons were used against each other by the Yugoslav army and the Wehrmacht. After the occupation of Yugoslavia in April 1941, captured weapons were used in the Wehrmacht under the name 4,7 cm Pak 179 (j).


German calculation of the 47-mm Pak 36 (t) anti-tank gun raises it to a height

47-mm anti-tank gun 4.7 cm kanon PUV. vz. 36 in the armed forces of Germany received the designation 4,7 cm Pak 36 (t). Since the middle of the 1939 year, the gun began to enter the arsenal of the tank destroyer divisions of a number of infantry divisions, and was first used during battles in France in the 1940 year, where it proved itself better than the 3,7 cm Pak. 35 / 36. In terms of armor penetration, the 4,7 cm Pak 36 (t) was slightly inferior to the German 5 cm Pak. 38, which during the French company were still very few.

In March 1940, the 4,7 cm Pak 36 (t) began to be installed on the chassis of the light tank Pz.Kpfw.I Ausf.B, and since May 1941, on the chassis of the captured French tank R-35. A total of 376 light tank destroyers were manufactured. Self-propelled guns, designated Panzerjager I and Panzerjäger 35 R (f), respectively, entered service with the divisions of tank destroyers.


Tank Destroyer Panzerjäger 35 R (f)

The production of 47-mm guns continued until the 1942 year. In total, more than 1200 copies were built. The early release guns had wooden wheels with a metal rim and a high shield.


In 1939, to reduce the silhouette of the anti-tank gun at the position, the shield was shortened, and the transportation speed was increased due to the introduction of pneumatic tires on steel disks.

In 1940, an armor-piercing subcaliber projectile PzGr 40 with a tungsten carbide core was developed for the gun. A shell weighing 0,8 kg, with an initial speed of 1080 m / s at a distance of up to 500 m confidently pierced the frontal armor of the medium Soviet tank T-34. This allowed the 47-mm gun to remain operational until the beginning of the 1943 year, until the German anti-tank divisions were equipped with a sufficient number of 50 and 75-mm guns. However, the proportion of sub-caliber shells in the ammunition load of German anti-tank guns was small, and they turned out to be effective only at a relatively short distance.

Polish 37-mm anti-tank gun 37 mm armata przeciwpancerna wz.36


At the time of the German attack on Poland, the main means of anti-tank defense in the Polish army were the 37 mm guns 37 mm armata przeciwpancerna wz.36. Under this designation was the anti-tank gun 37 mm pkan M / 34, developed by the Swedish company Bofors ("Bofors") in the 1934 year. The first batch of 37-mm guns was purchased from Bofors in the 1936 year, and subsequently in Poland, their licensed production was established at the SMPzA plant in Pruszkow. By September 1939, the Poles had more than 1200 such guns.


37-mm anti-tank gun Bofors M / 34


According to the set of characteristics of the 37-mm gun, the Bofors M / 34 was the best in its class. A semi-automatic horizontal wedge shutter provided a rate of fire up to 20 rds / min. Thanks to wheels with pneumatic tires, transportation was allowed at speeds up to 50 km / h. The gun had small dimensions and mass, which facilitated the task of masking the gun on the ground and rolling it onto the battlefield with calculation forces.


Battery of Polish anti-tank guns 37 mm armata przeciwpancerna wz.36 at a firing position

In combat, the gun weighed 380 kg, which was 100 kg less than the German 3,7 cm Pak. 35 / 36. Bofors M / 34 surpassed its competitors in caliber 37-mm in armor penetration. An armor-piercing tracer shell weighing 0,7 kg, leaving the barrel length 1665 mm at a speed of 870 m / s, at a distance of 500 m, when hit at right angles, pierced 40 mm armor. At the same range at a meeting angle of 60 °, armor penetration was 36 mm. For the second half of the 1930's, these were excellent indicators.

After the surrender of the Polish army, the Germans got the 621 37-mm gun wz.36. At the end of the 1939 year they were adopted by the designation 3,7 cm Pak 36 (p). In the 1940 year in Denmark, the Wehrmacht captured the local version of the anti-tank gun, which received the designation 3,7 cm Pak 157 (d). Also, the Dutch and Yugoslav guns became the trophies of the German army. Subsequently, Romania acquired 556 trophy anti-tank "Bofors" in Germany.


The calculation of the 37-mm anti-tank gun 3,7 cm Pak 36 (p) at the firing position


Light 37-mm guns until the end of the 1942 year were actively used by the Germans on the Eastern Front and in North Africa. After the withdrawal of guns from the state of anti-tank units, they were used for direct fire support of the infantry. Although the fragmentation effect of the 37-mm projectile was small, the 3,7 cm Pak 36 (p) was appreciated for its high firing accuracy, comparable to the 7,92-mm Mauser 98k rifle. The relatively small weight of the gun made it possible for a crew of five to roll it onto the battlefield and, following the attacking infantry, suppress the firing points. In some cases, compact 37-mm guns were successfully used in street battles at the final stage of hostilities. Judging by archival data, a small number of 37-mm "Bofors" were available in the troops until the end of the war. In any case, two dozen such guns went as trophies of the Red Army during the surrender of the German Courland group in May 1945.

Efficiency of 37 and 47-mm guns against Soviet tanks


In total, the Germans managed to capture more than 4000 anti-tank guns of the caliber 37-47-mm in Austria, Czechoslovakia and Poland. Given the fact that in the initial period of hostilities on the Eastern Front in the Red Army there was a large share of light tanks, these guns played a prominent role in the battles of the 1941-1942 of the Shells of guns manufactured by the Boehler, Skoda and Bofors firms, confidently hit the Soviet light tanks T-26, BT-2, BT-5, BT-7. The T-60 and T-70, whose production began after the German attack on the USSR, were also vulnerable to their fire. Although the frontal armor of T-34 medium tanks in most cases held small-caliber armor-piercing shells, the thirty-four’s side was often pierced by 37-47-mm shells when firing from a short distance. In addition, the fire of light anti-tank guns was often able to damage the chassis and jam the tower.

By 1943, most of the surviving small-caliber anti-tank guns were withdrawn from the front line, transferred to auxiliary occupation and training units. However, after the Nazi German armed forces switched to strategic defense, the obsolete guns returned to the front. They were most often used in fortified areas and during street battles. Thus, it can be stated that the captured anti-tank guns captured by the Germans in Austria, Czechoslovakia and Poland had a noticeable effect on the course of hostilities.

To be continued ...
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  1. Kote Pan Kokhanka 21 November 2019 18: 14 New
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    Thank you so much Sergey for the highlight!
  2. Flooding 21 November 2019 18: 29 New
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    I am joining. A juicy article turned out.
    1. IL-18 22 November 2019 09: 14 New
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      I clicked on the star below the article with great pleasure good
  3. The leader of the Redskins 21 November 2019 19: 08 New
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    Very interesting, not hackneyed topic. The author found rare photos. Thank you so much, I look forward to continuing.
  4. motorized rifle 21 November 2019 19: 12 New
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    I also liked the article.
  5. CommanderDIVA 21 November 2019 19: 31 New
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    The author of the article plus tell me sites where you can get acquainted with the photos of the WWII period that you use
    1. hohol95 22 November 2019 08: 41 New
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      Maxim Kolomiets
      ANTI-TANK ARMILLERY VERMAHTA IN THE SECOND WORLD WAR
      From "door beaters" to "tank killers"
    2. Bongo 22 November 2019 10: 36 New
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      Quote: CommanderDIVA
      The author of the article plus tell me sites where you can get acquainted with the photos of the WWII period that you use

      Unfortunately I can’t help. request Information for each sample was collected separately, the photo was taken from a search engine, scoring the name of the gun.
  6. Undecim 21 November 2019 19: 50 New
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    4.7 cm kanon PUV. vz. 36
    Then the author repeated a common mistake. The Czechoslovak army has never had such a designation.
    It was 4,7 cm KPÚV vz. 38. It is hard to say where the figure 36 "got". Perhaps from the Yugoslav name of this gun - M1936.
    1. Bongo 22 November 2019 10: 34 New
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      Quote: Undecim
      It was 4,7 cm KPÚV vz. 38. It is hard to say where the figure 36 "got". Perhaps from the Yugoslav name of this gun - M1936.

      In the English sources I used to collect information, everywhere there was 4.7 cm kanon PUV. vz. 36. request He himself was surprised that the 47-mm gun appeared earlier than the 3.7 cm kanon PUV.vz.37.
      1. Undecim 22 November 2019 11: 24 New
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        He himself was surprised that the 47-mm gun appeared earlier than the 3.7 cm kanon PUV.vz.37.
        You know, I once became interested in this fact myself and spent a lot of time until I figured it out. Briefly a few sources.
        Here it is better to start with the Czechs.
        http://www.vhu.cz/kanon-proti-utocne-vozbe-vzor-38-1940/ - это сайт Пражского военно - исторического музея.
        https://www.revolvy.com/page/4,7cm-KP%C3%9AV-vz.-38 - это общедоступный англоязычный источник.
        There is a book by Janoušek, Jiří. Československé dělostřelectvo 1918-1939, though you can’t download it for free.
        In addition, the presence of Czechs guns 4cm kanón vz introduces some confusion. 36.
        This is a caponier anti-tank gun, produced in 37 mm and 47 mm calibres.
        The 47 mm variant of the Germans used as 4,7 cm PaK K 36 (t).
  7. Undecim 21 November 2019 20: 30 New
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    Austrian 47-mm gun Böhler M35

    Soviet gun crew of the 69th artillery regiment of the 25th Rifle Division of the Primorsky Army under the command of Junior Sergeant S.I. Mirzoyan is firing from an Austrian-made 47-mm anti-tank gun Böhler M35 near Sevastopol. March 1942
    1. Marco van Bllerk 16 February 2020 13: 09 New
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      Somehow, quite a while ago, I saw a military newsreel. The soldiers of the Red Army fired from a cannon, which seemed to me like a "forty" on a tripod and without a shield. Now I am inclined to think that it was a trophy "böhler"
  8. knn54 21 November 2019 20: 33 New
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    All Europe fought against the USSR, in this case, anti-tank artillery.
    1. IL-18 22 November 2019 09: 50 New
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      And Japan with various formations from the occupied territories! So the Far Eastern Front, not less than 400000 l / s, had the whole war. And the tanks were based on the T-26, BT, i.e. the Japanese anti-tank artillery is also a significant factor.
  9. Catfish 21 November 2019 20: 48 New
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    Thanks to the author for an interesting and very detailed article. Everyone knows that the Germans launched everything that they managed to capture, but knowing everything “by name” and quantitatively is a completely different matter. hi
    1. Alf
      Alf 21 November 2019 21: 42 New
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      Quote: Sea Cat
      but knowing everything “by name” and quantitatively is another matter entirely.

      Shirokorad God of War of the Third Reich. Fine edition, there is almost everything, including the production of ammunition.
  10. Alf
    Alf 21 November 2019 21: 41 New
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    Than to list, it is easier to say that in the God of War III of the Reich was not. Every creature in a pair.
    1. Catfish 21 November 2019 21: 56 New
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      They didn’t have Katyusha, and their chemical Vanyusha didn’t reach our girl Katya. smile
      1. hohol95 22 November 2019 08: 40 New
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        The German commanders just so completely did not decide what they want from such weapons!
  11. iouris 22 November 2019 00: 11 New
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    The main thing to understand is that Russia and the USSR have already fought two times with Skoda factories.
  12. Amurets 22 November 2019 00: 36 New
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    In 1940, the PzGr 40 armor-piercing armor-piercing projectile with a tungsten carbide core was developed for the gun .... However, the proportion of armor-piercing shells in the ammunition load of German anti-tank guns was small, and they turned out to be effective only at a relatively short distance.

    Sergey, thanks, as always interesting. About tungsten, molybdenum and cobalt. These metals are needed for the production of high-performance tools, heat-resistant steels for exhaust valves of aircraft valves and gas turbines and turbochargers appearing at that time. IMHO With a general shortage of these materials, plus a large percentage of defects during sintering of the same cores, it served as a decrease in the share of such cores in the armies of all the warring states. I can’t find the Inventor-Rationalizer magazine for 1968 anywhere, in which there was an article about the role of metals and alloys in WWII.
    Thanks again, interesting.
    1. Alexey RA 22 November 2019 11: 41 New
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      Quote: Amurets
      About tungsten, molybdenum and cobalt. These metals are needed for the production of high-performance tools, heat-resistant steels for exhaust valves of aircraft valves and gas turbines and turbochargers appearing at that time.

      I immediately recall the history of the creation of Soviet sub-caliber shells - at least a year was spent on avoiding the use of tungsten at all costs. Moreover, even when we already had trophy subcaliber shells, and the composition of the core was known.
      Manufactured prototypes 45 mm. and 76 mm. armor-piercing armor-piercing shells modeled on the Komissan company were tested at Sofrinsky Artillery range with the following results:
      1. Due to the large reduction in weight, a significant gain was achieved in the initial speed: for 45 mm. anti-tank guns - up to 1010 mtr / sec. and for the 76 mm regimental gun arr. 27 g. - up to 550 mtr / sec.
      2. However, such an increase in the initial velocity did not increase armor penetration: for example, 45 mm. gun at a distance of 200 mtr. did not pierce 50 mm. a plate (a dent was obtained);
      3. An explanation of this phenomenon should be sought in the fact that the core should be made of a special alloy similar to that used by the Germans (about 75% tungsten, 2% cobalt and 4% carbon), otherwise it, being made even of high-carbon tool steel with vanadium additive , crumbles into the smallest pieces upon impact with the armor.

      The reason for the stubborn reluctance to copy a German shell and search for your own paths is simple:
      1) we do not have tungsten reserves and therefore, even if favorable results are obtained, such shells will not have further practical introduction into production;
      (...)
      To produce just one core for a 76 mm projectile requires such an amount of alloy that will deprive at the same time 30 aircraft industry machines it will be victorious for the entire service life of these cutters!

      © kris-reid
  13. Igorpl 22 November 2019 03: 19 New
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    It was interesting to read about Polish. Thank.
  14. Earthshaker 22 November 2019 05: 52 New
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    "Masterpiece" ©
    Thanks for the interesting article.
  15. hohol95 22 November 2019 08: 34 New
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    Dear Sergey! Why was the 47 French Schneider anti-tank gun of the 1937 model missing - 4,7-cm Pak 181 (f) (4,7-cm Panzerabwehrkanone 181 (f)?

    Trophy artillery in the liberated Tikhvin. December 1941 Left in the foreground is a 47-mm French-made Pak 181 (f) anti-tank gun. On its trunk there are 4 white rings - the number of wrecked Soviet tanks. The gun has wheels that differ from those installed on the Pak 181 (f) shown in the previous photo (ASKM).
    1. Bongo 22 November 2019 10: 29 New
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      Quote: hohol95
      Dear Sergey! Why was the 47 French Schneider anti-tank gun of the 1937 model missing - 4,7-cm Pak 181 (f) (4,7-cm Panzerabwehrkanone 181 (f)?

      Dear Alexey! This publication discusses the Polish, Czechoslovak and Austrian vocational schools used by the Germans during the years of VM. About Belgian, French, British and Soviet guns we will discuss in the following parts. hi
      1. hohol95 22 November 2019 14: 22 New
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        Then make some coffee and wait ... hi
  16. Svarog51 22 November 2019 08: 57 New
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    Sergei hi The article is excellent - informative, interesting and beautifully framed by photographs. good I have only one question for this instrument.
    47-mm anti-tank gun 4.7 cm kanon PUV. vz. 36 in transport position

    It seems that there is not a bed deployed 180 degrees, and the gun on the machine deployed 180 degrees. request
    1. Bongo 22 November 2019 10: 26 New
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      Quote: Svarog51
      Sergei hi The article is excellent - informative, interesting and beautifully framed by photographs. good I have only one question for this instrument.
      47-mm anti-tank gun 4.7 cm kanon PUV. vz. 36 in transport position

      It seems that there is not a bed deployed 180 degrees, and the gun on the machine deployed 180 degrees. request

      Sergey, perhaps that is so. But it seems to me to make folding beds easier than deploying the gun itself. In addition, in the English-language sources that I used, it is said about the bed. However, my English is not perfect ... requestAlthough judging by the photo, then you are right. request
      1. English tarantas 22 November 2019 11: 12 New
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        Perhaps the English-speaking authors believe that the guns do not move the barrel, but the machine, and he, in turn, moves the earth and thereby moves the target to the desired line. If so, it turns out that it is not the gun that rotates, but the bed.
        1. Bongo 22 November 2019 12: 15 New
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          Quote: English Tarantas
          Perhaps the English-speaking authors believe that the guns do not move the barrel, but the machine, and he, in turn, moves the earth and thereby moves the target to the desired line. If so, it turns out that it is not the gun that rotates, but the bed.

          good
          It is possible, especially if it is the "English scientists." wink
      2. Svarog51 22 November 2019 11: 26 New
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        Namesake, I’ve looked this way and that. It turns out that the wheel axle passes in front of the beds and will not allow you to deploy it in the opposite direction. But above them is the rotary mechanism of the gun. Maybe it is used to turn the gun into a stowed position. In my opinion, there is no other way. recourse Such minor flaws only decorate the article - there is something to discuss. Most importantly, the article itself is excellent. I look forward to continuing. good
  17. Sergey Mikula 22 November 2019 12: 45 New
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    armata przeciwpancerna - something I remembered from the movie: your surname? - Grzegorz Brzeczyszczykiewicz! - read horseradish too.
  18. Fevralsk. Morev 22 November 2019 14: 22 New
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    What makes the author think that the Austrian guns were captured? Who captured them with battle? No need to look at the coat of arms of Austria - in one paw a sickle, in another hammer and broken chains. Austria is a full-fledged participant in the war, on a voluntary basis. Half of the staff at the end of the camps were Austrians, ct conscientiously fulfilling their duties. And they went there to "work" voluntarily. Just Austria quickly pereobulsya and became a victim.
  19. Sfurei 1 December 2019 22: 19 New
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    Thank you for the article!!