Military Review

TARKR "Peter the Great"

40

At the end of the 19th century, all of Europe and the rest of the world were struck by the advanced warship of Russia, bearing the proud name of Peter the Great. Its size and armament at that time were impressive. The implementation of such an ambitious project brought glory to Russian shipbuilders, and the Peter the Great, who took over the functions of a battle cruiser, was in service for about 80 years! Today the crew of the Polygon program of the T24 TV channel will tell (and show) the most combat, most shock and most atomic ship in Russia fleet.


What do you call a ship


At the development stage, Peter the Great was created to deal with aircraft carriers of the alleged enemy. However, the versatility of the cruiser allowed him, being in service since the 1998 of the year, to fulfill many diverse tasks, including the fight against terrorists and participation in the international coalition for the export of chemical weapons from the Syrian Arab Republic. Nuclear-powered icebreaker is capable of acting both as part of a group and alone. Together with the crew of Peter the Great, the crew of the Polygon program went from Severomorsk to the eastern part of the Mediterranean Sea, plunged into the processes of operating machines and mechanisms, examined the potential of an atomic cruiser in the conditions of a non-stop sea passage and witnessed firsthand the professionalism and coordinated work of naval sailors.

The second largest ship of the Russian Navy has a total displacement of about 25 000 tons, 6 decks and a height of almost 60 meters. The crew, consisting of 700 people, serves more than one and a half thousand rooms. The design feature of Peter the Great is the presence of two auxiliary steam boilers running on conventional fuel. The main power plant consists of two KN-3 nuclear reactors, each of 103 MW, which spin two turbines with a total capacity of 140 000 hp Two propeller shafts, thanks to the energy of the atom, drive two five-blade propellers. The KN-3 reactor is a double-circuit reactor and uses water for heating and cooling. Solid nuclear fuel is enclosed in a shell where a reaction occurs with the release of heat. Such cylinders are called fuel rods. They are installed in the reactor core and, using circulation pumps, primary water is pumped through them, which, when heated to 300 degrees Celsius, enters the steam generator. Secondary water, passing through the heat exchanger and becoming steam, enters the turbines and all auxiliary energy sources.

The main technical means of the warhead No. 1 includes a navigation system that calculates pitching angles, plotting with high accuracy and even issues recommendations on changing the position of the ship for using a particular type of weapon. New models of navigational weapons include electronic cartographic sound systems. They allow real-time monitoring of course changes and ship coordinates.

mission Possible


The power of this missile heavyweight is the attack of surface ships, the support of ground forces in the coastal zone, the destruction of aircraft and helicopters, as well as the fight against submarines and the defense of military formations of any ships. Acquaintance with the armament of Peter the Great is a real journey into the world of unlimited power. Here is the Fort anti-aircraft missile system, created on the basis of the well-known C-300 land system. Under-deck installations of a vertical type store 48Н6 missiles, allowing to expand the maximum range of destruction to 150 km. The Fort-M complex is also located here, an upgraded version with 48Н6Е2 missiles, which hit targets already at ranges of about 200 kilometers. The cruiser is designed for intense and fleeting combat, so the entire ammunition of missiles can be released in less than 5 minutes. In combat mode, 3 seconds elapse between missile launches. The launcher of the main complex of the ship is the P700-Granite system, which is a cruise missile aimed at destroying enemy aircraft carrier groups. This system was designed specifically for nuclear submarines, so one of the features of launching from Peter the Great is the injection of sea water before firing. The Granite cruise missile is an example of a very smart, self-regulating system. With multiple launches, cruise missiles in real time can distribute targets among themselves, exchange information and develop an algorithm for defeating the entire group. And even if the Granite missile defense system works, then a tonne finger damaged by 7 mixtures can still hit the target due to the huge initial speed and the downward trajectory of the fall.

Automatic artillery mount "AK-130" is designed to destroy sea, air and coastal targets - both visible and invisible. Gun rate - 90 rounds per minute. Maximum distance to defeat the enemy 22 km. The layered defense of Peter the Great has several more lines in the middle and near zone of responsibility. 16 launchers and 128 missiles of the “Dagger” anti-aircraft missile system reliably protect the atomic ship and its environment from low-flying targets, anti-ship missiles and guided bombs at ranges up to 12 km. An automated complex "Dagger" is operating in the near zone, which has two 30-mm guns and 8 missiles on each combat module, which hit the target with a probability higher than 95 percent.

There are one search and rescue and two Ka-27 anti-submarine helicopters on the nuclear powered ship. They are stored in the deck below the hangar and significantly expand the capabilities of the ship. This is a flexible communication tool between ship warrants and harsh bloodhounds, sharpened by the search for submarines. Despite the fact that Peter the Great primarily monitors the surface air situation, the sea kingdom is also under the vigilant control of the mine-torpedo section. Universal anti-submarine complex Vodopad-MK, which includes two rocket and torpedo launchers with a caliber of 533 millimeter, equipment for prelaunch missiles and a fire control system. The system is designed to destroy underwater targets at long distances. The calling card of Peter the Great is the MP-800 Flag radar complex, which is designed to illuminate distant airborne situations. Detection of low-flying targets and near airborne conditions is carried out by the MP-350 "Tackle" complex, which detects the enemy and gives target designation to anti-aircraft fire weapons.

Over the 18 years of the glorious service of Peter the Great, a heavy nuclear missile cruiser has traveled about 150 000 nautical miles. The longest trek in stories the ship took place from 2008 to 2009 years, when it covered more than 40 000 miles, having visited almost all parts of the World Ocean: from the Mediterranean Sea to the South and North Atlantic, in the Indian Ocean. For the first time in the history of the modern Russian Navy, the cruiser made a business call to the Republic of South Africa, the port of Cape Town. Such a successful nuclear missile cruiser service says a lot. Peter the Great is not just a highly specialized “aircraft carrier killer”. Ships of this class in the future will become wide-profile and multi-tasking platforms with an arsenal that will be enough for a whole order of ships of lesser displacement.

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  1. Same lech
    Same lech 13 November 2019 06: 13 New
    -5
    On account of TARKR Peter the Great, the Swedish plane Wiggen (the name Peter is necessary for the Swedes is very unsuccessful) ... the Swedes played the war with the Russians.
    https://aviaforum.ru/threads/incident-na-baltijskom-more-16-oktjabrja-1996-goda.38623/
    Recently, TARKR has been unlucky with something ... what problems are constantly haunting him. what
    1. smart ass
      smart ass 13 November 2019 07: 40 New
      +7
      History has shown that the concentration of a large amount of resources in one ship is obviously a losing option. Yamato, Tirpitz, Bismarck. It is much more efficient to create balanced lines of frigates and corvettes, cheap but effective, and rivet them in batches.
      1. Civil
        Civil 13 November 2019 07: 51 New
        +6
        Quote: Clever man
        History has shown that the concentration of a large amount of resources in one ship is obviously a losing option. Yamato, Tirpitz, Bismarck. It is much more efficient to create balanced lines of frigates and corvettes, cheap but effective, and rivet them in batches.

        And the loss of such a mastodon is very painful in fighting spirit and greatly disgraces the fleet.
        1. Alexander I
          Alexander I 13 November 2019 08: 48 New
          +6
          But in peacetime it’s prestige
      2. certero
        certero 13 November 2019 12: 57 New
        +10
        In the same way, it has long been known that without large ships the fleet simply does not exist. If we are talking about one that is capable of acting at least at some distance from the coast.
        Small ships, even with minor excitement, are already experiencing difficulties with the use of airborne weapons
      3. VLADIMIR VLADIVOSTOK
        VLADIMIR VLADIVOSTOK 13 November 2019 13: 25 New
        +1
        And does this Russian man write? Yamato, Tirpitz did not have radars. Tirpitz proper name. It is written with a capital letter. Well, man in a hurry.
        1. smart ass
          smart ass 13 November 2019 13: 51 New
          0
          How would a Yamato save a locator? Or tirpitsa? Perhaps it would help Bismarck)
          1. seacap
            seacap 13 November 2019 15: 02 New
            +4
            The Japanese, sending Yamato, knew very well what they were going and what would follow, this operation was designed for this, the crew also knew and hoped for it, they performed their task with honor and dignity. Never before in the history of wars had so many forces and means been used to destroy one ship, completely exposing the rest of the theater of war. By the way, there were 1 radars of 6 types on the lux.
      4. 1976AG
        1976AG 13 November 2019 15: 02 New
        +2
        Quote: Clever man
        History has shown that the concentration of a large amount of resources in one ship is obviously a losing option. Yamato, Tirpitz, Bismarck. It is much more efficient to create balanced lines of frigates and corvettes, cheap but effective, and rivet them in batches.

        In war conditions, the situation can change very quickly and a rich arsenal allows you to solve a wide range of tasks, which a highly specialized ship cannot do, and you continue to evaluate the situation almost 80 years ago and on its basis you propose building the future of our Navy.
      5. Cyrus
        Cyrus 13 November 2019 17: 04 New
        -1
        And they will also sink in batches :) You do not know the story well.
      6. Dart2027
        Dart2027 13 November 2019 19: 40 New
        +1
        Quote: Clever man
        a line of frigates and corvettes, cheap but effective and riveted in batches

        Battleships and aircraft carriers riveted in batches in the United States WWII.
      7. Vlad.by
        Vlad.by 13 November 2019 22: 26 New
        +4
        Tirpitz, "without taking a single step" for almost 3 years, kept the entire English fleet, our Northern Fleet, most of the British intelligence and a bunch of aircraft in a daze.
        Already for this alone it was worth respecting him.
        The same goes for Bismarck, and Yamato was hanging with a club over the Americans.
        They got it wrong. Bismarck threw one under the crowd, Yamato was also without cover.
        Although, Yamato would have saved nothing - the difference in strength was catastrophic.
        1. smart ass
          smart ass 14 November 2019 00: 42 New
          -2
          Yamato did not hang over the mattresses, they only learned of its strength when sunk) Japan's secrecy played a joke. Tirpitz was left in the north because of its complete futility everywhere. And who knows what business in the north would have made up submarines if they spent 40 thousand tons of steel on their construction. And as for the Bismarck, he was also doomed alone, the forces are not comparable.
      8. Mitya2424
        Mitya2424 14 November 2019 08: 43 New
        -2
        In the USSR, they would rivet packs of TARKR; for the Russian Federation, Peter is really a piece-wise "concentration of a large amount of resources in one ship"
  2. Pessimist22
    Pessimist22 13 November 2019 06: 21 New
    +3
    Yes, a large and formidable ship, it’s a pity that in the coming decades they will not be built anymore ...
    1. Greenwood
      Greenwood 13 November 2019 08: 15 New
      +2
      It would be great if the other 3 Orlan were returned to duty, but the campaign will wait only for “Nakhimov”.
  3. Amateur
    Amateur 13 November 2019 06: 30 New
    +6
    Based on the positive experience in the construction of armored boats, the Maritime Technical Committee (MTK) decided to create a seaworthy, oceanic monitor. The technological level of the shipbuilding industry that existed at that time was supposed to make it possible to build a ship in Russian shipyards with minimal involvement of foreign contractors. A large ship, about 10000 tons, with good speed, serious armor and the latest armament of the ship was required. Such a unit could single-handedly strengthen or even replace an entire squadron.

    After many years of design, construction and testing on 14.10.1876/XNUMX/XNUMX, the squadron battleship Peter the Great was accepted by the fleet.
    For 89 years from the day of his birth, Peter the Great managed to stay seaworthy with a monitor, squadron battleship, training ship, submarine base, and mine blocker, having finished his service only in 1959.
    Today, the crew of the Polygon program of the T24 TV channel will tell (and show) the most combat, strike and nuclear ship of the Russian fleet.

    This is about another Peter
    1. Rostovchanin
      Rostovchanin 13 November 2019 07: 54 New
      +9
      I thought that I alone misunderstood something about the 19th century.
      1. Amateur
        Amateur 13 November 2019 07: 58 New
        +13
        Recently, the number of people who can express their thoughts on paper is inversely proportional to the number of people who call themselves "journalists."
      2. Lbt21
        Lbt21 13 November 2019 10: 55 New
        +1
        So 80 years in the ranks)))
  4. Dmitry Potapov
    Dmitry Potapov 13 November 2019 06: 55 New
    +4
    They would be in quantity by the number of AUG "partners". Well, so that "equality" is respected.
    1. Same lech
      Same lech 13 November 2019 06: 59 New
      +2
      They would be in quantity by the number of AUG "partners".

      We don’t have so many berths for such engines ... and in what shipyards they will be built and the cost of servicing these giants will be comparable to the service of US aircraft carriers ... we won’t break our navels from exertion.
  5. novel66
    novel66 13 November 2019 07: 34 New
    +1
    That's how it should be !! And then give them aircraft carriers
  6. rocket757
    rocket757 13 November 2019 07: 37 New
    +8
    What do you call a ship

    In fact, when laying the name he was given ANDROPOV .... Peter the Great is then.
    1. kpd
      kpd 13 November 2019 10: 47 New
      +10
      When laying it, it was called “Kuibyshev”, it was launched as “Yuri Andropov”, and only then it became “Peter the Great”.
      1. rocket757
        rocket757 13 November 2019 10: 56 New
        +1
        At the completion he was already Anropov ... although it was assumed that they would call Kuybyshev.
  7. onega67
    onega67 13 November 2019 07: 44 New
    +3
    Yes, a great ship! Especially at the end of the 19th century to deal with no less great aircraft carriers!
    1. Arthur 85
      Arthur 85 13 November 2019 22: 28 New
      +1
      Well then, Nebogatov had an airship. True, he left him in the port, but he was the same.
  8. Avior
    Avior 13 November 2019 09: 22 New
    +7
    . At the end of the 19th century, all of Europe and the rest of the world were struck by the advanced warship of Russia, bearing the proud name of Peter the Great. ..... "Peter the Great", who took over the functions of a battlecruiser, was in service for about 80 years!

    Strong intrigue, mix two ships
  9. AlexVas44
    AlexVas44 13 November 2019 10: 25 New
    +2
    "... a damaged 7-ton finger ..."
    I understand that this is a clerical error, but it’s interesting nevertheless what is meant by the “finger”.
  10. Al Asad
    Al Asad 13 November 2019 14: 35 New
    +1
    There are a lot of errors in the text.
  11. looker-on
    looker-on 13 November 2019 15: 10 New
    0
    Quote: VLADIMIR VLADIVOSTOK
    Yamato, Tirpitz did not have radars. Tirpitz proper name. It is written with a capital letter. Well, man in a hurry.

    75 years (+2 days) ago sank Tirpitz. In general, he had a locator ... just not as good as that of Britain, and even if he was 3 times better, it would not help him. The ship is like a hammer, you can hammer nails or you can put on a shelf. Bismarck died more gloriously than his brother
  12. Svetlana
    Svetlana 13 November 2019 15: 11 New
    +2
    >>>>>
    The main power plant is two nuclear reactors KN-3, 103 MW each... <<<<
    ****
    WIKI:
    Power plant: 2 nuclear reactors of the KN-3 type (300 MW) ....
    .......
    The author, you need to be friends with the numbers.
  13. looker-on
    looker-on 13 November 2019 15: 12 New
    +1
    Quote: AlexVas44
    "... a damaged 7-ton finger ..."
    I understand that this is a clerical error, but it’s interesting nevertheless what is meant by the “finger”.

    A club with a thickened end - a weapon of ancient Russian heroes, looks like a thumb
  14. Gnefredov
    Gnefredov 13 November 2019 19: 43 New
    0
    You look at such a miracle and for a second you regret that you are not a sailor :)
    Okay, mariners, what would you do without us: D
  15. Talgat 148
    Talgat 148 14 November 2019 04: 42 New
    +1
    The head part for RCC Granite was produced by the Omega plant in Uralsk in Kazakhstan. Since 1991, deliveries to the Russian fleet has not been carried out ....
    The question is how are Granite rockets used in the Russian Navy? How to extend the resource, etc.
    The plant is idle and every day the hopes for the restoration of production and orders from Russia are melting ...
    1. Gnefredov
      Gnefredov 14 November 2019 05: 14 New
      0
      hi I have similar questions in the direction of the Black Sea. I'm afraid to even ask.
      Theoretically, if the product’s parameters fit into a standard inspection card, then its life can be extended indefinitely if you do not go beyond twenty-four years of continuous operation (there is a limit for semiconductors).
      I think they’ll exchange for new products and the current ones will write off,
    2. Gnefredov
      Gnefredov 14 November 2019 05: 21 New
      0
      Thought and finished.
      But you asked a good question. Right, good.
  16. 1970mk
    1970mk 14 November 2019 12: 32 New
    0
    The cruiser is designed for intense and fleet combat

    Everything is strange IT. "release all missiles in 5 minutes" .... Then what? To drown? Why such a displacement then and all the bells and whistles (cost)? It would be easier to build something half as much in the amount of 2.
  17. Finn
    Finn 11 January 2020 02: 27 New
    0
    What's the point? Unless, of course, scare the poits. Even submarines have learned to search by changing the magnetic field of the earth. The ship is now probably the target, like a submarine. Burial ground.
    Quote: Pessimist22
    Yes, a large and formidable ship, it’s a pity that in the coming decades they will not be built anymore ...