The history of the light Soviet tank infantry support MS-1

The history of the light Soviet tank infantry support MS-1

In August 2020, the 100 years of Soviet tank building will be celebrated. The tank was defined as a formidable armored vehicle with powerful weapons, as well as a means of breakthrough. In the Soviet Union, a tank-building school was well developed, its achievements and groundwork already helping Russian tank-builders to create new combat vehicles.


The very first mass Soviet a tank in the USSR of the twenties of the last century, from which, in fact, the development of Soviet tank construction began, a small tank for supporting infantry MS-1 (T-18) became. A total of 959 such machines were produced. In 1929, this tank first showed itself during the battle on the China Eastern Railway. Nine armored vehicles then managed to break the resistance of the Chinese infantry. A number of these tanks participated in battles with the Nazis in the first months of World War II. However, by that time they were already considered obsolete, therefore they did not provide significant support.

In a pilot issue of the joint project of the TacticMedia channel and the Warspot site “Tanks in Focus”, the authors will describe how the first mass-produced tank of domestic design, the MS-1 (T-18), was developed when this vehicle was put into service and when its production began. In addition, users will learn about the technical solutions incorporated in the design of the tank, about the changes introduced from series to series, about the combat use of the machine.

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  1. svp67 11 November 2019 08: 16 New
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    The Soviet variation of the Renault FT-1917 tank, as they could, they did. It was a "pen test"
    In 1929, this tank first showed itself during the battle on the China Eastern Railway. Nine armored vehicles then managed to break the resistance of the Chinese infantry. A number of these tanks participated in battles with the Nazis in the first months of World War II.
    They also managed to fight in the 40-sd battles in battles on Lake Hassan
    In the Soviet Union, a tank-building school was well developed, its achievements and groundwork already helping Russian tank-builders to create new combat vehicles.
    If it was also a "school" then HIGHER, consider UNIVERSITY.
  2. knn54 11 November 2019 08: 29 New
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    A unique tank against the Basmachis, Chinese, Japanese and Nazis.
    It is a pity that there was not a single engine left. I think that the motor was interesting.
    1. svp67 11 November 2019 09: 18 New
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      Quote: knn54
      I think that the motor was interesting.

      The mobility of the tank was provided by a gasoline four-cylinder four-stroke tank air-cooled engine designed by A. Mikulin with a capacity of 35-40 hp. Ignition was carried out by two groups of candles (two candles in each cylinder) from a magneto, which provides a powerful spark when starting the engine, and from a dynamo, which served both for ignition and for powering lighting devices.
      The second feature is the combination of a motor in one unit with a gearbox and clutch (the main clutch), which was an absolute innovation at that time. Finally, the engine was placed across the power compartment, which gave the tank certain advantages in weight and length compared to tanks that had a longitudinal arrangement of the motor group.

      Mikulin took as a basis the Italian engine from the AMO-F-15 truck manufactured by us under the license of the Fiat company and upgraded it to fit a tank
      Here the most valuable thing is that the motor was located across the body, we returned to this scheme only on the T-44
  3. The leader of the Redskins 11 November 2019 10: 47 New
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    Thank you, I will be happy to watch this series of reports later.
  4. Pavel57 11 November 2019 16: 40 New
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    Real locomotive riveting !!!