Military Review

The first Poseidon MRA1 aircraft for the FAC of Great Britain

16
On October 29, a ceremony was held at the Boeing factory in Seattle to hand over the first P-8 Poseidon patrol aircraft, commissioned by the British Royal Air Force. In FACC, the aircraft receives the new designation Poseidon MRA1 and its own name Pride of Moray (“Pride of Mori County”). Now he has to go to the duty station and intervene on duty. All these events will lead to the revival of the patrol. aviation KVVS.




How to stay without planes


Since the late sixties, the basis of the anti-submarine aircraft of the FACC were Hawker Siddeley Nimrod aircraft. The base machine underwent modernization several times, which allowed it to serve until 2011. The next Nimrod renewal project was launched in the mid-nineties. The Nimrod MRA4 aircraft was supposed to receive a number of fundamental innovations that meet the requirements of the time.

The development of Nimrod MRA4 ran into certain problems and was noticeably delayed. The first flight of the experimental aircraft was carried out only in August 2004. The debugging took a few more years. According to the plans of that time, MRA4 were to achieve initial operational readiness in 2012.

However, this did not happen. In 2010, it was decided to abandon the new project due to its complexity and high cost. In addition, the new plans of the Ministry of Defense provided for the closure of the Kinlos air base, where the promising Nimrod MRA4 were to serve. This decision was controversial, but they did not review it.

Soon, in 2011, the existing Nimrod modifications were removed from service. The Royal Air Force was left without distant patrol aircraft. It was now proposed to patrol and search for likely enemy submarines using other types of equipment. In addition, Britain had to rely on foreign allies.

Possible replacement


Already in 2011, the first rumors appeared in the foreign press about the possible restoration of British patrol aviation - through the purchase of imported equipment. It was reported that the command is studying this issue and will soon be able to begin negotiations with a possible contractor.



Curious news entered in 2012. It became known that Boeing is considering the FAC of Great Britain as a possible customer of its P-8 Poseidon aircraft. As subsequent events showed, the interest of American aircraft manufacturers in the British customer was justified. However, a real agreement had to wait several years.

In 2014, against the background of well-known events on the international scene, the British command declared the need for the revival of patrol aircraft. London was afraid of the activity of Russian submarines, and therefore now was about to acquire new aircraft. In 2015, the British Ministry of Defense considered several options and chose the best. The most successful and useful was considered an American-made P-8 aircraft.

In July 2016, KVVS and Boeing signed a contract for the supply of aircraft and related products. In accordance with this document, the customer must receive nine P-8A aircraft with a total value of 3 billion pounds (approx. 3,9 billion). The equipment will be divided into three parties. The start of deliveries was scheduled for 2019. The last aircraft will be handed over to the customer no later than 2029.

Start of deliveries


The construction of the Poseidon patrols for the FAC of Great Britain began shortly after the signing of the contract. The first car was taken out of the assembly shop a few months ago. 13 July 2019 g. She made her first flight, after which the flight tests continued. By that time, other planes from the first batch were at different stages of construction.



By mid-autumn, the lead plane of the British order passed all the tests and confirmed its characteristics. On October 29 at the manufacturing plant, a solemn ceremony of the transfer of equipment to the customer took place.

FACC assigned their own designations to the new technology. Boeing P-8A Poseidon aircraft will be operated under the name Poseidon MRA1. The lead aircraft received the name Pride of Moray. The following aircraft will have the same index and new names may be assigned.

Deployment plans


In the near future, “Pride of Mori” will fly from the USA to the UK. The aircraft will serve at the base of Lossimuth (Moree, Scotland). Over the next few years, the rest of the aircraft ordered will arrive at the RAF Lossiemouth airfield.

To operate the new Poseidon MRA1, two FAC units were revived. The first new equipment will receive the 120 I squadron. Later, the Poseidons will hand over the 201 Squadron. Both units existed earlier and used Nimrod aircraft. In 2010, they were disbanded in connection with the cancellation of existing equipment. Deliveries of new aircraft made it possible to re-form squadrons and find them combat missions.

The main task of the Poseidon MRA1 will be to patrol the waters around the British Isles. It is also planned to involve them in patrolling the North Atlantic as part of joint NATO operations. New long-range aircraft, along with other elements of anti-submarine defense, will look for the submarines of a potential enemy. Also 120 and 201 I squadrons will be able to be involved in search and rescue and other operations. Based at the Lossimuth airfield, it will provide access to all areas around the British Isles and the surrounding regions. If necessary, it is possible to deploy patrol aircraft at other aerodromes, including in other countries.

High marks


The British Royal Air Force ordered nine P-8A / MRA1 aircraft. The first of them has already been delivered to the customer, and in the near future the construction of several new ones will be completed. Equipment from the last third batch will begin service until the end of the twenties. The supply of imported patrol aircraft will significantly affect the combat effectiveness of the FAC.



The main consequence of the purchase of equipment is the revival of patrol aircraft. Since 2011, there were no long-range patrol aircraft in service with the KVVS, which negatively affected the PLO and the security of the country as a whole. Now it is possible to form a new group of specialized aircraft and provide a search for dangerous objects in the surrounding water areas.

In this case, we are talking about a modern aircraft with high performance characteristics and wide capabilities. Poseidon is the latest American development in its class. The aircraft is equipped with advanced equipment for solving various problems. Thus, when comparing Poseidon and Nimrod, we are talking not only about the revival, but also about the modernization of aircraft PLO.

Poseidon MRA1 carries a complete set of modern equipment for searching and tracking underwater targets. There are well-developed sonar and other means. The aircraft carries up to 129 discharged sonar buoys. He is also able to transport and use various anti-submarine weapons. Communication equipment ensures the integration of patrol aircraft into general control loops, which allows them to exchange data with other elements of the PLO and help each other.

An effective solution to combat missions is provided due to high flight performance. Poseidon at one gas station has a combat radius of more than 2200 km with the possibility of patrolling in a given area for 4 hours. There is a receiving device for refueling in flight, which increases the duration of the patrol.



It is expected that the new aircraft will be used not only in the interests of the UK, but also in joint operations within NATO, which is facilitated by equipment compatibility. P-8A has already shown similar capabilities through various exercises. Entering the FACC, the aircraft saves them.

Distant future


The command of the FACC gave the new aircraft high marks. It is alleged that the Poseidon MRA1 will allow you to deal with all submarines, including with the best examples of our time, and this will positively affect the security of the country. It is planned to ensure the operation of aircraft both in the interests of the FACC and within NATO.

However, while the Royal Air Force can not get all the positive consequences of the purchase of new equipment, because at the moment managed to get only one aircraft out of nine ordered. Other new aircraft are needed for the desired restoration of patrol aircraft, and they will appear only in the foreseeable future. Nevertheless, the command is optimistic and looks forward to continued supplies.
Author:
Photos used:
FAC of Great Britain / raf.mod.uk
16 comments
Ad

Subscribe to our Telegram channel, regularly additional information about the special operation in Ukraine, a large amount of information, videos, something that does not fall on the site: https://t.me/topwar_official

Information
Dear reader, to leave comments on the publication, you must sign in.
  1. NF68
    NF68 6 November 2019 18: 21
    +1
    Serious adversary.
  2. fa2998
    fa2998 6 November 2019 19: 02
    +1
    Quote: NF68
    Serious adversary.

    And we will persistently upgrade the planes of the 60-70s and tell the news about them. It is clear that many civilian 2-engine passenger planes have failed commercially, niches are occupied, many units are imported, but there are many problems. .
    Maybe at least "recoup" the money spent on their development to order your own version of "Poseidon"? hi
  3. rocket757
    rocket757 6 November 2019 19: 13
    +1
    This is already a serious application, it will be difficult for boats to walk unnoticed "around the corner" without the support of surface ships of the defenders of the covermen!
    1. L-39NG
      L-39NG 6 November 2019 22: 41
      +1
      In the event of a conflict, in any case, it will be difficult and almost impossible for boats to leave the Baltic, from the Black Sea, from the North without being noticed, everything there is locked up under a "cap". The Caspian Sea is being shot from coast to coast + aviation groups. Any movement of ships, on displays and at gunpoint. Whether you like it or not, in reality it doesn't change anything. The only exit points that remain are the Far East, and even then there are patrols from Japan, the United States and, oddly enough, China. China will not let it unfold either, it has its own interests.
      1. rocket757
        rocket757 7 November 2019 05: 15
        -1
        Difficult, does not mean impossible.
        No need to consider yourself a game, WE ARE HUNTERS and let the horror be afraid, quiet, RUSSIANS GO!
  4. NordOst16
    NordOst16 6 November 2019 20: 02
    -1
    Well, here's another stone in the garden of those who pray for zircons and claim that the Russian Navy will advance without aircraft carriers. The submarines will not have air cover and the performance of their tasks will be greatly complicated. Off the coast, this is not so critical, but in the open ocean it is very dangerous. Or we build nuclear-powered ships so that they swim near the shore
  5. Old26
    Old26 6 November 2019 20: 30
    -1
    Quote: fa2998
    Quote: NF68
    Serious adversary.

    And we will persistently upgrade the planes of the 60-70s and tell the news about them. It is clear that many civilian 2-engine passenger planes have failed commercially, niches are occupied, many units are imported, but there are many problems. .
    Maybe at least "recoup" the money spent on their development to order your own version of "Poseidon"? hi

    Andrew! A characteristic feature of the Poseidon is its engine efficiency. Unfortunately, our engines are lagging behind similar western ones in terms of efficiency. Poseidon can patrol for 10 hours and carry a wide range of loads. Unfortunately, we are forced to operate machines of the IL-38 and Tu-142 types. But the cars are quite old and already urgently requiring replacement. And you can't see her yet
    1. NKT
      NKT 7 November 2019 07: 00
      0
      And why do not you consider the Tu-214 as a platform for an average PLO aircraft? It is clear that we do not have a “distant” platform for replacing the Tu-142, as well as a “small” Be-12.
  6. Narak-zempo
    Narak-zempo 6 November 2019 21: 50
    -4
    Hmm, just the British chopped. Without aviation, without a fleet and without industry, by and large. For all to bow to Uncle Sam has to go.
    Only football and rock music remained, and both of them were not of the first grade for a long time.
    1. voyaka uh
      voyaka uh 6 November 2019 22: 30
      +4
      Why is this, you decided so?
      1) BAE Systems - British Aerospace - one of the largest military companies in the world.
      2) The British themselves produce aircraft carriers, destroyers and nuclear submarines. At their shipyards.
      3) Rolls-Royce Aerospace - engines for civilian Airbus liners and military aircraft.
      And much more...
    2. arkadiyssk
      arkadiyssk 7 November 2019 10: 45
      +1
      The Britons did everything right, they lost a bit of national pride, abandoning Nimrod, but they won in money, got a single PLO platform with all allies, and received proven excellent airplane characteristics. Received a single base of maintenance, supply and repair and control of aircraft PLO. Now, if necessary, the United States can catch up with additional Poseidons to England and Iceland, and by joint efforts reliably close Russia's exit to the Atlantic.
    3. Alexey RA
      Alexey RA 7 November 2019 13: 14
      +1
      Quote: Narak-zempo
      Hmm, just the British chopped. Without aviation, without a fleet and without industry, by and large. For all to bow to Uncle Sam has to go.

      Hehehehe ... actually, Uncle Sam himself goes to bow to the British. It was the British BAE Systems that grabbed a couple of strong contracts for new armored personnel carriers for the US Army and new armored personnel carriers for the marine corps.
      The U.S. Army made the final choice under the Armored Multi-Purpose Vehicle (AMPV) program, which provides for the replacement of 2897 M113 tracked armored personnel carriers and vehicles based on them in Armored Brigade Combat Teams - ABCTs. The choice cannot be called unexpected, because it was made in favor of the only remaining proposal in the AMPV program - the project put forward by BAE Systems Corporation of a tracked armored personnel carrier, which is actually a crazy version of the standard M2 / M3 Bradley American Army BMP.
      © bmpd
      According to American media, the US Marine Corps chose the offer of the BAE Systems corporation in a competition for a promising amphibious armored personnel carrier of the Marine Corps with an 8x8 wheel formula under the ACV (Amphibious Combat Vehicle) program. A $ 19 million contract issued by BAE Systems on June 2018, 198 provides for the delivery of 30 pre-production ACV vehicles to the US Marine Corps (ILC) as part of the first phase of the ACV program (ACV 1.1) by September 30, 2019. In fiscal 2019, it is planned to order another 30 pre-production cars, and then begin full-scale serial production from fiscal 2020.
      © bmpd
    4. NBV
      NBV 8 November 2019 17: 28
      -1
      Quote: Narak-zempo
      Hmm, just the British chopped. Without aviation, without a fleet and without industry, by and large. For all to bow to Uncle Sam has to go.
      Only football and rock music remained, and both of them were not of the first grade for a long time.


      BVP says differently:
      List of GDP countries (face value)

      Great Britain 2 858 003
      Russia 1 326 015
  7. voyaka uh
    voyaka uh 6 November 2019 22: 23
    +2
    He is not only a patrol officer.
    And not only detects submarines, but also actively tries to destroy them.
    Stuffed with weapons to the eyeballs: air-to-ground missiles, anti-ship missiles, torpedoes, depth charges, mines.
  8. Alexey RA
    Alexey RA 7 November 2019 13: 04
    0
    The development of Nimrod MRA4 ran into certain problems and was noticeably delayed. The first flight of the experimental aircraft was carried out only in August 2004. The debugging took a few more years. According to the plans of that time, MRA4 were to achieve initial operational readiness in 2012.

    However, this did not happen. In 2010, it was decided to abandon the new project due to its complexity and high cost. In addition, the new plans of the Ministry of Defense provided for the closure of the Kinlos air base, where the promising Nimrod MRA4 were to serve. This decision was controversial, but they did not review it.

    The Nimrod case is incredible.
    The British wanted 21 PLO aircraft. But there was not enough money - and at first the order was reduced to 12 aircraft, and then altogether to 9. We spent almost 4 billion pounds, got 3 prototypes and two combat aircraft. And when the program actually reached the finish line - it was closed under the pretext that there was no need for a PLO aircraft, and the modernized and undergoing modernization aircraft were disposed of with an excavator.
    And a few years after the closure of the program, the British began to look for who would sell the PLO aircraft to them, since it suddenly became clear that they still needed it. It even came to negotiations with the Japanese on the purchase of the P-1, but they still chose the Poseidons.
    1. LastPS
      LastPS 22 November 2019 01: 36
      0
      After the end of the Cold War, Britain began to mercilessly cut its aircraft, so the Nimrods fell under the skating rink to reduce the military budget. Generally sad. The shavers, of course, are still stupid, but they knew a lot about aviation and artillery.