Military Review

Remove nuclear weapons from Turkey. In the US, they are working on a plan

27
According to the New York Times, last week the US Department of State, together with the Department of Energy and the military, began developing a plan to evacuate nuclear warheads from Turkey.




The current situation does not have a simple solution. Nuclear conclusion weapons against the backdrop of growing military-political differences, it will become a demonstrative gesture of loss of confidence in an ally. The consequence of this decision will be the breakdown of all channels of military cooperation between the US and Turkey, which will lead to the closure of the Incirlik air base.

According to the authors of the New York Times, the short-sighted US policy has led to a situation where any of the decisions taken leads to a fiasco. In one case, the loss of a difficult but useful ally. Otherwise - the threat of losing control of the Incirlika nuclear arsenal.

Every unfriendly or provocative gesture from the leadership of a country that agreed to host nuclear weapons is perceived by the Americans as a threat and becomes an occasion to assess the risk of placing nuclear weapons in this territory. Placing such weapons requires 100% satellite loyalty.

"We store nuclear weapons in a country whose army nearly fires cannons at American soldiers,"
writes The New York Times.


50 B-61 thermonuclear bombs were locked up in storage facilities at an air base just 400 km from the Turkish-Syrian border.

Erdogan hostage nuclear weapons


Turkey is clearly not a country that would consider a foreign nuclear weapon located on its territory only a source of environmental threat. On the contrary, it shows a certain interest in weapons. Speaking in September, Recep Erdogan declared the unacceptability of a situation in which his country does not have its own nuclear forces. According to Erdogan, "they are possessed by all developed countries of the world."

The statement is a direct violation of the promises made by the Turkish side to the international community. Turkey is one of the 190 states that have joined the Treaty on the Non-Proliferation of Nuclear Weapons. De facto signature means the voluntary refusal of the signatory country to attempt to create nuclear weapons and recognize the exclusive right of the “five great powers” ​​to possess nuclear weapons.

That is why, of all the "developed countries of the world," virtually no one has their own nuclear weapons.

Of course, any statements by Erdogan must be passed through the filter of cheap populism. But, as noted above, in the context of the nuclear weapons problem, such “jokes” are considered unacceptable. From the US point of view, this is a real threat and a reason to evacuate the arsenal.

The tension created around the underground arsenals of the Incirlik airbase takes place against the backdrop of the 60 summer anniversary of the deployment of nuclear weapons in Turkey. But now is not the time for parades. Refusal of further deployment and withdrawal of nuclear weapons can be considered a resolved issue. This was required to be done long ago in view of many circumstances. An evacuation plan has been prepared and will be implemented as soon as possible.

The fate of the Incirlik itself is not clear to the end. In the near future, the base can be transferred to the Turkish Air Force, and the US Air Force units deployed here are transferred to another location. Among the likely applicants is the Greek Souda Bay air base on the island of Crete.

On the other hand, Incirlik knew crises more seriously. In the mid-1970's, the United States already imposed a military embargo on Turkey due to Turkish forces invading northern Cyprus. The issue of Turkey’s exclusion from NATO and the closure of American bases on its territory was seriously raised. But 45 years passed, and everything was in place.

Incirlik is NATO’s reference base in Asia Minor and the easternmost of the US bases in Europe


It was founded in 1955 year. In view of the favorable location near the Black Sea borders of the USSR, as well as the immediate proximity to Syria, Iraq and the entire zone of the Arab-Israeli conflict, the Incirlik base has become an ominous symbol of the Cold War. From here the famous U-2 flew out for reconnaissance. From here, G. Powers went on his last reconnaissance flight. The forces of this base provided the entire northern sector of military operations against Iraq.

In recent decades, Incirlik (tour. "Fig Grove") has become a logistics center for the supply of terrorist groups in the Middle East. Any calls by the Turkish public about the need for "transparency" and the establishment of control over the work of Incirlik are traditionally ignored by the American side. It was with Incirlika that she acted aviation rebels during an attempted military coup in Turkey (2016).

The status of the base allows its joint use by the Turkish Air Force and the Air Force of NATO countries. The details of the “cooperation” will be discussed below. It is curious that the air defense of the air base is provided by the Spanish brigade equipped with the Patriot air defense system.

The destructive influence of this place, which became the "center of support for forces trying to split Turkey," was first loudly announced at the beginning of the 1990's. General Ashref Bitlis, who directly accused the United States of supplying weapons to Kurdish forces through the Incirlik, died a short time later in a strange plane crash.

Along with the Aviano air base in the Italian Alps, the Volkel bases in the Netherlands and the Lakenheath in the UK, Incirlik is one of the main locations for the US nuclear arsenal in Europe.

21 arched reinforced concrete shelter for aircraft with storage chamber for thermonuclear bombs erected at Turkish airbase


This fortification is designated WS-3 (Weapons Storage and Security System). Technically, it represents a “stone well” leading to a guarded underground facility, which has all the necessary means to monitor the state of the weapon and ensure its safety.

For obvious reasons, the WS-3 scheme and any details regarding the storage scheme, its depth and the security measures taken are not publicly available. There are only images of arched shelters, with clearly visible slots in the concrete flooring.


Arched shelter with underground storage of nuclear weapons at the a / b "Volkel"


Officially censored snapshots of WS-3's interior have also been published, and you can't really see anything. All that can be said from these photos: the structure is spacious enough to be inside a group of several military men and unhindered access to any part of the weapon. The B61-12 thermonuclear bomb is suspended on a beam holder, and it is in this form that it is delivered by an elevator to the surface.

The meaning of the WS-3 construction is to place nuclear weapons directly in the aircraft parking lot (or rather, under it). Thereby:

a) reduced preparation time for departure:
b) the risks associated with the transportation of special ammunition on the territory of the air base are excluded, especially if the level of military or terrorist threat is increased. At the same time, secrecy of preparation for a combat mission using nuclear weapons is ensured.

Otherwise, any movement of nuclear weapons across the territory of the base is a protocol operation requiring the involvement of fifty personnel units and motorcades from a dozen vehicles.

Remove nuclear weapons from Turkey. In the US, they are working on a plan

"Nuclear exercises" at the Turkish air base, 2009


WS-3 shelters are located in the so-called NATO sector “Incirlika” (de facto American), where access to the Turks is prohibited. This zone is located in the very center, directly near the airfield and is fenced off from the "allies" by a double fence (and probably a mined strip with a double-Z mines layout).

It remains only to wish that all this fortification will soon lose all meaning. Nuclear weapons will go far beyond the ocean, home. At the abandoned Incirlik airdrome, wind will blow and residents of local villages will swarm, dismantling electrical panels and beam holders of bombs for scrap.





On satellite images dated March 2019, at the Incirlik airbase, exercises are being held on the transportation and loading of nuclear weapons on the transport C-17. On taxiways leading to the WS3 storage, there is a noticeable large number of vehicles and armored cars. An 18-meter "nuclear" trailer, usually parked near the technical service building of the 39-th air wing (responsible for the safety of nuclear weapons at the Incirlik base) on the left side of the map, was seen near a transport aircraft.

Based on materials: fas.org, nytimes.com.
Author:
27 comments
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  1. Greg Miller
    Greg Miller 30 October 2019 15: 09
    +8
    The Yankees will not take out their nuclear weapons from Turkey. Rather, Erdogan will be overthrown if he threatens the safe storage of nuclear weapons in Turkey ...
    1. Russian Bear_2
      Russian Bear_2 30 October 2019 16: 54
      -2
      Hardly, it is easier to transfer to Greece, especially since the Greeks do not like Turks.
      1. knn54
        knn54 30 October 2019 17: 13
        0
        Pick up cannot be left
        Washington thinks where to put a comma ...
      2. antivirus
        antivirus 30 October 2019 19: 26
        0
        nuclear weapons removal = exit from NATO straits will change host
        Greeks or Bulgarians? and the Turks are ready to give?
    2. g1v2
      g1v2 30 October 2019 16: 57
      +2
      Already tried - failed. The main support of NATO in Turkey was the Turkish military, who were a separate caste and overthrew any pr-in trying to be independent. But after the failure of the coup, Erdogan rigidly cleared the army. The second state ally was FETA, an organization based in Pennsylvania, Gulen. But the sultan declared him the organizer of the coup and rigidly cleans FETA from all structures of Turkish society. Only the Kurds remain, but Erdogan also crushed those in eastern Turkey. It is not a fact that mattresses will be able to overthrow Erdogan. But spanking is quite possible. They tried to kill Castro for many years, but he was always ready for attempts. Is the sultan ready - xs.
    3. Monster_Fat
      Monster_Fat 30 October 2019 17: 04
      -12
      Nuclear weapons from Turkey were exported long ago, even during the first wave of the crisis in relations with Erdogan (when the United States decided to remove it) or transported and stored in places known to a limited circle of people, and not in places that are officially considered to be its storage facilities .. . yes
      1. Vladimir_2U
        Vladimir_2U 31 October 2019 03: 46
        0
        On the territory of Turkey there are secret storage facilities for nuclear weapons?
  2. parusnik
    parusnik 30 October 2019 15: 17
    0
    They’ll take me to the sea .... And then where? Not at the warehouse ... And is it not a provocation? Just blackmail ... They will train ... they will tilt Erdogan and everything will remain in its place ... Of course, if it is real, nuclear weapons will be taken out by the nuclear arsenal will become less ... But vague doubts torment something ..
    1. 210ox
      210ox 30 October 2019 15: 32
      +1
      It’s clear that they cannot leave such a tidbit. Well, there’s time pressure, but it suffers all this. And they can wait.
      1. parusnik
        parusnik 30 October 2019 15: 42
        0
        I agree, they will wait ... for so long to feed Turkey with their hands and so quit ... They are responsible for the one who tamed .. And Erdogan is his name or Hector ... it doesn’t matter ..
    2. Kostya Kaluga
      Kostya Kaluga 31 October 2019 03: 41
      +1
      Let us drive to Ukraine. To Mariupol
  3. Amateur
    Amateur 30 October 2019 15: 33
    0
    It was founded in 1955. ... the Incirlik base has become an ominous symbol of the Cold War. From here, the famous U-2 flew out for reconnaissance. From here, G. Powers went on his last reconnaissance flight. O. Kaptsov

    Estimated Flight Route started at the air base in Peshawar (the administrative center of the Pakistani province of Khyber Pakhtunkhwa), passed over the territory of Afghanistan, over the territory of the USSR from south to north at an altitude of 20 meters along the route Stalinabad - Aral Sea - Chelyabinsk - Sverdlovsk - Kirov - Arkhangelsk - Kandalaksha - Murmansk and ended at the military air base in Bodø, Norway (Wiki).

    So where did the Powers route come from, and where did the Incirlik go?
  4. Sergei 777
    Sergei 777 30 October 2019 15: 44
    +5
    From here, G. Powers went on his last reconnaissance flight.

    Nonsense. Powers took off from Pakistan, namely from the base in Peshawar.
  5. Professor
    Professor 30 October 2019 16: 04
    -5
    Monsieur Kaptsev, why did you decide that Turkey still has American nuclear weapons?
    1. kapitan92
      kapitan92 30 October 2019 16: 37
      +1
      Quote: Professor
      Monsieur Kaptsev, why did you decide that Turkey still has American nuclear weapons?

      But where did he go? smile
      Here the question is not so much what to take out.! Here the problem is that not every state will allow you to drag fifty nuclear bombs over your territory.!
      The removal of nuclear weapons from Turkey is associated with a host of difficulties. Some of them are due to American instructions: according to them, the transportation of nuclear weapons must be accompanied by enhanced security measures - in particular, the C-17 Globemaster military transport aircraft from the special US Air Force squadron engaged in the transportation of nuclear materials are prohibited from flying over areas "with an unstable situation ". It means, that the path to the east and south from Incirlik is closed to them.

      Theoretically, it would be possible to move the bombs to the northwest, in the vaults of Belgium, Germany or the Netherlands, where the United States also deployed its nuclear weapons - but the governments of these countries are extremely reluctant to meet these questions, not wanting to annoy voters. Finally, Turkey itself is in no hurry to part with American weapons.
      And then, there are effective control measures for the movement of such ammunition in Europe. hi
      1. Professor
        Professor 31 October 2019 08: 48
        -2
        Quote: kapitan92
        But where did he go?

        Back home. After the Islamists came to power in Turkey to store tactical nuclear weapons there, it became neither safe nor expedient.

        Quote: kapitan92
        Here the question is not so much what to take out.! Here the problem is that not every state will allow you to drag fifty nuclear bombs over your territory.!
        The removal of nuclear weapons from Turkey is associated with a host of difficulties. Some of them are due to American instructions: according to them, the transportation of nuclear weapons must be accompanied by enhanced security measures - in particular, the C-17 Globemaster military transport aircraft from the special US Air Force squadron engaged in the transportation of nuclear materials are prohibited from flying over areas "with an unstable situation ". This means that the way to the east and south from Incirlik is closed to them.

        Quietly taken out through the Mediterranean Sea and no one knows. Moreover, he is periodically returned to the United States for prevention. Returned or not is not known.
        1. kapitan92
          kapitan92 31 October 2019 12: 08
          +1
          Quote: Professor
          Taken quietly across the Mediterranean Sea and no one knows

          Oleg. hi
          With modern controls, this is not possible!
          Loading in special vehicles, movement and reloading on a ship would have been fixed by satellites long ago, but you can’t hide it from the local population. Fifty units is not one product. hi
          1. Professor
            Professor 31 October 2019 12: 17
            -1
            Quote: kapitan92
            Quote: Professor
            Taken quietly across the Mediterranean Sea and no one knows

            Oleg. hi
            With modern controls, this is not possible!
            Loading in special vehicles, movement and reloading on a ship would have been fixed by satellites long ago, but you can’t hide it from the local population. Fifty units is not one product. hi

            Naturally, I did not hold a candle, but ... nuclear weapons are constantly exported to the United States for replacement and maintenance. Whether we returned it or the models returned, we do not know.
            Turkey has no more trust. This is an indisputable fact.
        2. Altai72
          Altai72 1 November 2019 09: 40
          0
          Professor, Pentex specialists visit arsenals themselves and carry out on-site prophylaxis. It’s a costly and risky business to carry nuclear weapons at such a distance, and it’s not advisable to remove them from combat duty, didn’t you know? hi
  6. vanavatny
    vanavatny 30 October 2019 16: 10
    0
    there somewhere a hefty column of armored cars travels from Syria to Iraq and back, they are looking, sickly, for their way to their native Oklahoma, give them back, along the way ...
  7. Jerk
    Jerk 30 October 2019 16: 46
    -2
    "We keep nuclear weapons in a country whose army nearly fires cannons at American soldiers,"
    writes The New York Times

    You store about 50 charges at the base with which the attempted military coup against Erdogan was coordinated! By the way, I'm freaking out with these elves ... It's not that ShiSiA once again intervened in the internal affairs of an independent country ... During that damned coup, the world was on the brink! They brought up attack helicopters - what would the guards of those bombs do against them? Alexander Green will quote, but not "Scarlet Sails", but "Brick and Music" - they say, is alla mullah chigirit in the corner? And throw one bomb on Pakistan ... Or Israel ... Yes, the Russian Federation may not be far away ... And that's all
  8. Pavel57
    Pavel57 30 October 2019 16: 46
    0
    This is not a time pressure, but a tsunzwang.
  9. Ali Kokand
    Ali Kokand 30 October 2019 17: 13
    0
    The Yankees will not withdraw their vigorous bonbs anywhere. There will be a bazaar on the topic of nishtyakov and everyone will remain with their own. If a conclusion is hypothetically presented, the Yankees will have to revise such a breakthrough of plans, and besides, expenses (and considerable ones) are inevitable. The situation for them will worsen significantly, but those who really are in power cannot allow this. The guilty ones will be urgently needed .. And the status will have to be maintained, the empire all the same.
  10. Alexey RA
    Alexey RA 30 October 2019 18: 45
    +2
    "We store nuclear weapons in a country whose army nearly fires cannons at American soldiers,"
    writes The New York Times.

    You are storing nuclear weapons in a country against the incumbent president of which you recently organized an army rebellion using armored vehicles and aircraft.
  11. Prisoner
    Prisoner 30 October 2019 20: 21
    +1
    Here Erdogan flooded! With some dexterity and resourcefulness, nishtyakov can chop into two fronts. what Although it can play in a box.
  12. Nikola Aslanov
    Nikola Aslanov 31 October 2019 00: 19
    0
    Incirlik in Asia.
  13. Ivan Osipov
    Ivan Osipov 31 October 2019 15: 47
    0
    Incirlik is quite suitable for Russia.