Military Review

How a secret Nazi weather station was destroyed by a bear

72
With the outbreak of war, the Germans were faced with the problems of obtaining meteorological data, especially in the Arctic. Share weather data with an adversary that has become an extremely valuable resource, especially during navy и aviation, naturally, no one was going to. Therefore, the Germans are beginning to hastily deploy a network of meteorological stations in the polar regions. So, on the Norwegian Svalbard from submarines and aircraft, periodically detachments of meteorologists who corrected the operation of the fleet and aviation with their data. Also, automatic probes with the same goals were actively dropped from aircraft.



Aerial photo of the Soviet station "Cape of Desire"


Meteorological "fishermen"


The new link in the network of meteorological stations was to be a station on Alexandra Land, one of the islands of the Franz Josef Land archipelago in the Barents Sea. The location of the weather station was associated with the implementation of the operation "Wunderland" ("Wonderland"), which set as its goal the destruction of the northern convoys. Also, the Nazis planned to deploy a small base of submarine sludge and their refueling. For these purposes, it was necessary to build a small fuel and lubricant warehouse. Already in the 2016 year, an expedition of employees of the Russian Arctic National Park discovered a huge number of kerosene tanks at the station site.

Preparations for the deployment of the weather station went thoroughly. Back in the 30's, aerial photography of the region was made. Meteorological scientists, who were supposed to be the crew of the station, trained in the Alps, getting used to the harsh Arctic conditions.

In August 1943, an inconspicuous fishing trawler, gently swaying on the waves, stubbornly walked to Alexandra Land. In appearance, the ship was completely peaceful. Few people knew that the trawler was accompanied by a German submarine, and on board were not ordinary fishermen, but meteorologists and soldiers of Nazi Germany.

Finally, the ship approached the long-awaited goal, going deep into the North Bay. A detachment of ten men landed on the coast, who hastily proceeded to unload. However, there was no particular reason to fear. Alexandra's land was completely uninhabited. Only 150 kilometers from the island did the Soviet weather station Tikhaya Bay operate. Eight meteorologists and two German officers settled on the island, who began construction of the station, which received the name "Schatzgraber" ("Treasure Hunter").

Military meteorologists


The construction of the station did not take much time. The German detachment was perfectly equipped, and the equipment was the most modern for its time. Food alone was brought in for two years. Of course, the Nazis did not forget about weapons. The station’s combat arsenal included the MG-34 machine gun, Mauser 98 rifles, M-24 hand grenades, and Sprengmine 35 mines. Soon the weather station, prudently surrounded by a network of minefields, began to work. Some time later, the Nazis even arranged a temporary airfield.

Observations were made every hour, and in all from 1943 to 1944, the weather station transmitted about 700 synoptic weather reports. The weather station was officially operated by the German Kriegsmarine Navy.

How a secret Nazi weather station was destroyed by a bear

German photos of the Treasure Hunter station (arctic.ru site)


The station itself consisted of about five dugouts and a log bunker, in which seven rooms were located - an equipment room, a bedroom, a dining room, a kitchen, and storage rooms. For a quarter, the log bunker was buried in the ground, and for greater disguise, the upper part of the structure was painted with white paint. In addition to the network of minefields surrounding the station, several firing points were built. At the same time, it was impossible to consider the structure of the station from the sea.



Despite the harsh polar conditions, the life of the Nazis was put at a fairly high level. The German diet included Portuguese sardines, beef and canned vegetables. Meteorologists drank beer, wine, coffee and tea. The only problem was the "canning" nature of the products. The work did not stop the Nazis from seizing the moment for small everyday entertainment. The Germans willingly took pictures, skiing, arranging real ski slopes, and, of course, hunted. The prey was the seal, seal and polar bear. Of course, the Germans did not shun the meat of the beast they shot, because sought to diversify the diet. This ultimately led to the closure of the station.



Cooks on the soap


The collapse of the station came suddenly from the side that was not thought of. In June 1944, all the members of the station’s crew came down with signs of an infectious disease. The Germans suffered from severe headache, diarrhea, insomnia, pain in the muscles of the back, abdominals and buttocks. Meteorologists and the military vomited, which eventually led to dehydration. The situation was constantly getting worse.

Finally, the station’s senior officer and its immediate supervisor Marcus sent a message to Berlin about the critical situation of the crew. Germany quickly and soberly assessed the situation. A Focke-Wulf Fw 200 Condor transport plane with a doctor on board immediately flew to the station.



It turned out that the entire staff of the station fell ill with an extremely dangerous and severe form of trichinosis, which would inevitably lead to death without timely treatment. The fact is that at all polar stations, polar bear meat was consumed almost on an ongoing basis. Studies have shown that meat 90% of bears are infected with parasites. In order to protect this meat for eating, it takes a long, up to 3-4 hours, heat treatment. Only after long cooking is the bear meat suitable for eating.

Naturally, German meteorologists knew about this fact, because The “fatal” bear for the station’s crew was far from the first. Thus, most likely, the German hunters simply removed the next prey early from the fire.

Landing the aircraft was extremely unsuccessful. Focke-Wulf stuck in the sand and damaged the chassis. While the doctor examined the station’s crew, the pilots sent a message about the impossibility of raising the car into the air. Soon another plane flew from Svalbard with a load of parts required to repair the chassis, which were thrown off from the air in the vicinity of the Treasure Hunter.


Aviation containers for cargo delivery at the station site


Within half a day, the entire station crew and pilots pulled the plane out of the dirt trap, and then repaired the landing gear. When the work was finished, the Germans left the Land of Alexandra forever. True, there was still an attempt to return. A new batch of meteorologists to the island was supposed to deliver a submarine. However, due to the extremely difficult ice situation, the submarine did not reach its cherished goal.

Second Life


The secret weather station was discovered quite by accident in the 1947 year. Already in the 50-s of the 20 century, the first attempts were made to explore the object and clear the territory. For some time, Soviet meteorologists even lived at the station. But soon our scientists rebuilt their own station, and the German heritage was demolished. The remaining things the Nazis burned.


The remains of the buildings of the former German station


Now the territory of the "Kladoiskatel" station is being actively explored by the employees of the "Russian Arctic" national park. Despite the physical liquidation of the station, many historical artifacts of that wartime. Items of uniform, instruments for meteorological observations, books with the seal of the library of the German Navy, music books, magazines, containers for wine and fuel, cartridges and casings, and so on are becoming the prey of researchers.
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  1. Amurets
    Amurets 1 November 2019 06: 37 New
    13
    Preparations for the deployment of the weather station went thoroughly. Back in the 30's, aerial photography of the region was made. Meteorological scientists, who were supposed to be the crew of the station, trained in the Alps, getting used to the harsh Arctic conditions.
    Thank you interesting. But the fact is that the Germans in the Arctic were already in the years of WWI and they tried to interrupt the supply of weapons and materials from England. The Arctic Ocean flotilla, created in September 1916, provided sea transportation with the allies, fought against enemy submarines and mine risk. Russia withdrew from the war. It was for these purposes that the RIF ships were bought from Japan, which fell to the Japanese in RYAV Chesma (Poltava), Varyag, Peresvet. Well, after WWI, the Germans were constantly interested in the Arctic. "In the extreme conditions of the Arctic, the problem of weather and ice forecasting acquired particular importance for the belligerents in the full sense" in the clouds, on land and at sea. "For the German side, the main problem was the lack of meteorological information from the territories and water areas controlled by the Allies, and every year of the war this space became more and more, which put the German armed forces from year to year in the most unfavorable position, since, in a figurative expression, the "weather kitchen" for the European and Arctic theater of operations was the North Atlantic, where in the area of ​​the Icelandic baric minimum, cyclones arose, then heading to the east, it becomes clear the interest shown by the Germans in this region, and their activities in this direction were often in the nature of special operations that required increased secrecy. "
    V.S. Koryakin. War in the Arctic. 1941-1945
    The book is dedicated to the events of World War II in the seas of the Arctic Ocean, so far known only to a narrow circle of specialists.
  2. bald
    bald 1 November 2019 07: 04 New
    +9
    Even such a small piece of history is fascinating. It was just interesting to read. Thanks to the author.
  3. Olgovich
    Olgovich 1 November 2019 07: 06 New
    11
    The fact is that at all polar stations, polar bear meat was consumed almost on an ongoing basis. Studies have shown that meat of 90% of bears is infected with parasites.

    Our biological weapon worked yes
    This was not the only such base: for example, there was a Nazi base on Svalbard, which worked and fought until ...September 1945

    By the way, recently there was an article on VO on the same topic, about German meteorologists poisoned by a bear ....
    1. Astra wild
      Astra wild 1 November 2019 15: 09 New
      +4
      "who worked and fought until September 1945", where can you read about it?
      Olgovich, I have long said that you are my ideological opponent, but an informed opponent. Involuntarily I want to keep up with the awareness of you
      1. Undecim
        Undecim 1 November 2019 15: 55 New
        +1
        where can I read about it?
        Wilhelm Dege: War North of 80. The Last German Arctic Weather Station of World War II.
        1. Astra wild
          Astra wild 2 November 2019 08: 11 New
          +1
          V. N, I appreciate your knowledge, but I didn’t learn English, but I safely forgot German
      2. Alf
        Alf 1 November 2019 21: 26 New
        +3
        Quote: Astra wild
        "who worked and fought until September 1945", where can you read about it?
        Olgovich, I have long said that you are my ideological opponent, but an informed opponent. Involuntarily I want to keep up with the awareness of you

        Recently there was an article about when the last German units surrendered.
      3. Olgovich
        Olgovich 2 November 2019 08: 03 New
        +1
        Quote: Astra wild
        "who worked and fought until September 1945",where can I read about it?
        Olgovich, I have long said that you are my ideological opponent, but an informed opponent. Involuntarily I want to keep up with the awareness of you

        1. About this wrote our dear "Military Review", recently, by the way: https://topwar.ru/158266-gitlerovcy-v-arktike-zachem-germanii-ponadobilsja-krajnij-sever.html

        2. I am not your adversary: ​​both you and I are for a happy, great, rich Russia.
      4. alexey alexeyev_2
        alexey alexeyev_2 6 November 2019 00: 16 New
        +2
        The Germans set up automatic weather stations everywhere. On New Earth, this was discovered in the mid-50s. A wind generator struck .. If it had not been covered with snow, the station would have worked to this day.
  4. K-50
    K-50 1 November 2019 08: 03 New
    +4
    The bear was RUSSIAN !!! Even after his death he was able to take revenge on his killers. soldier
    fellow
  5. midshipman
    midshipman 1 November 2019 08: 15 New
    15
    I was once in Alexandra Land. There, the Ministry of Radio Industry of the USSR and the Ministry of Defense of the USSR deployed a stationary RSDN station "Tropik". It was created at the Research Institute of RIRV. They were excellent specialists, some of them are still working. I see them at a meeting of the Special Discussion Council at JSC VNIIRA.
    We flew to see how our specialists live. Special "tsubas" were created for them. There was everything in nkh, even the bathhouse.
  6. Alex013
    Alex013 1 November 2019 08: 33 New
    +9
    Almost the entire north-west was surrounded by German weather stations. Franz Joseph Land, Svalbard, Greenland ... On Svalbard until September 3, 1945
    1. Amurets
      Amurets 1 November 2019 11: 00 New
      +8
      Quote: Alex013
      Almost the entire north-west was surrounded by German weather stations. Franz Joseph Land, Svalbard, Greenland ... On Svalbard until September 3, 1945

      This is how our ADD pilots obtained information. Here is what the legendary polar navigator V.I. Akkuratov in his memoirs "Above the Third Reich": "In the success of the sortie, the navigators' knowledge of the actual weather over the enemy's territory played a huge role. In particular, it was necessary to have an idea of ​​the lower cloudiness over the target. However, the maps that we received from forecasters were Before the war, it was different - weather reports came to forecasters from all over Europe, and their forecasts were more or less accurate. With the war, the flow of such information stopped. And the situation was aggravated by the fact that the weather over Nazi-occupied Europe was formed under the influence of air masses moving from the west and north-west (from Belgium, Holland and Norway, captured by the Nazis back in 1940). Therefore, additional weather reconnaissance had to be assigned to the crew of the illuminator. Having reached the target half an hour before the main mass of bombers appeared, he transmitted to base a summary, and the latter reported it to the navigators of the vehicles going to the target with an interval of 5-10 minutes. It was undesirable to release a scout earlier, since in this case the factor of surprise was lost and the enemy had time to alert the air defense.
      But here, the Nazi self-confidence also helped us. The fact is that their airdrome stations methodically transmitted ultra-short-wave weather reports for Luftwaffe pilots according to the international weather code. And he was well known by the polar aviation pilots who worked before the war on reconnaissance of the ice situation in the Arctic. Although the range of these radio stations was small, but this did not prevent us from getting a complete picture of the weather over the target.
      So, in battles, slowly and painfully, in the roar of fragments hitting the fuselage and wings, in the fiery routes of Nazi fighters, in the piercing beams of searchlights, in the acrid smoke, our experience and firm confidence in the approaching victory grew. "
      1. vladcub
        vladcub 1 November 2019 14: 48 New
        +4
        "on ultrashort waves on the international methiocode" did they have that imagination was not enough to understand that this code could be known by others?
        1. Amurets
          Amurets 1 November 2019 15: 12 New
          +7
          Quote: vladcub
          "on ultrashort waves on the international methiocode" did they have that imagination was not enough to understand that this code could be known by others?

          Svyatoslav, the usual German arrogance and arrogance. This time. And the second-45 division of the ADD, this unit was manned with experienced crews from the pilots of the Polar and Civil Aviation. And also, I would simply advise you to read the memoirs "Above the Third Reich". They are small, they are on the Internet, but when you read them, you will be surprised a lot, even the light paths leading our planes to German airfields.
        2. Alf
          Alf 1 November 2019 21: 29 New
          +3
          Quote: vladcub
          do they have that it wasn’t enough to understand that others can know this code?

          But all damned Suvorov brings an interesting fact that at the end of the 43rd year German industry continued to produce helmets for the African Corps. OKV just forgot to cancel the order.
  7. Pane Kohanku
    Pane Kohanku 1 November 2019 09: 40 New
    +7
    Last year, the brother was on Dixon, and in the surrounding area. Yes, a white bear came to their working village, waved his paw fellow
    The white bear is generally "difficult to cook", so to speak. The members of the Barents expedition also felt the symptoms of hypervitaminosis A caused by eating polar bear liver. hi
    And so: the topic is little-known, it is written succinctly, the author - respect! hi
    1. Alf
      Alf 1 November 2019 21: 31 New
      +5
      Quote: Pane Kohanku
      The white bear is generally "difficult to cook", so to speak.

      You need to drink more vodka, in it all the parasites die. laughing
      1. phair
        phair 4 November 2019 11: 12 New
        +1
        Not everyone. In the Ministry of Defense of the Far East Branch of the Russian Academy of Sciences, an endoscopist filmed the film "The emergence of YABZh when using caviar-five minutes." And red in Primorye is frozen before salting for 19 days. Although if the gusar is not a hindrance ...
        1. Alf
          Alf 4 November 2019 16: 10 New
          +2
          Quote: phair
          Not everyone

          A joke, however.
  8. Vitaly Tsymbal
    Vitaly Tsymbal 1 November 2019 09: 52 New
    10
    The material is interesting. In the 90s, I often met to work with one grandfather. He served the whole war at the Soviet Arctic weather station. This was also a significant contribution to the Victory. So he said that the Germans twice destroyed our weather station, where this veteran served. Moreover, this station was somewhere far from Europe. It struck me then that the Germans swam so far into our Arctic waters. If the author is in the subject - write an article about our polar meteorologists 1941 - 45 years.
  9. Catfish
    Catfish 1 November 2019 11: 15 New
    +6
    It’s a pity for the bear, but for the nemak it deserves it: "If you do not know the ford, don’t stick your nose in the water. In the sense, there is no experience of survival in these latitudes, well, and there is no need to meddle.
    1. bubalik
      bubalik 1 November 2019 14: 08 New
      +4
      Sea Cat (Constantine) Today, 12: 15
      ,,, bears ate everything angry
      1. Catfish
        Catfish 1 November 2019 14: 49 New
        +5
        Well, after all, "hum - how", and to whom and not "feed the horse", but dysentery, coupled with other delights.
      2. Pane Kohanku
        Pane Kohanku 1 November 2019 15: 56 New
        11
        ,, bears ate everything

        and here Bear helps to push the stuck ship! drinks
    2. Reptiloid
      Reptiloid 2 November 2019 13: 00 New
      +4
      Quote: Sea Cat
      It’s a pity for the bear, but for the nemak it deserves it: "....... there is no experience of survival in these latitudes, well, it’s not good to meddle.

      The climate is changing, and polar bears are faced with a dilemma: some of them move further towards the Pole, while others settle on the coast. By the way, the female polar bear gives birth and raises a teddy bear EXCLUSIVELY ON ICE. And now the cubs have to adapt to grow on the shore. This was noticed both in our country and in Canada. They feed on carrion, + in garbage cans. And even gradually, their color changes to ... beige, to be less noticeable on land!
      In general, during the existence of this species, the North polar cap thawed several times and froze again, and the bears still survived.
  10. Tests
    Tests 1 November 2019 11: 16 New
    +8
    Alex013 (Alexey), dear, you did not mention the Novaya Zemlya archipelago. Kilometers 25-30 from our station Cape Zhelaniya, the photo of which was brought by a respected author, the Germans had a base of their submarines. Although back in 1941, I.D. Papanin, realizing the importance of Novaya Zemlya for the defense of the Arctic, agreed with the proposals of the military and artillery pieces were allocated to Cape Desire ... But the Germans in the Kara Sea felt themselves masters. Their submarines, in September - October 1943, drove a wolf pack of 5 or 6 boats by our convoys as they wanted. In the strait between the islands of Izvestia TsIK and the Arctic Institute, our sailors managed to damage one boat. But before that, the Germans drowned the steamships Arkhangelsk with cargoes from the USA (15 sailors died on 30.09.43/16/1 at about 01.10.1943 pm) and S. Kirov (18 sailor died, there were many burned with acid, which the steamer was carrying in the holds from the States, 22 .01.10.43 about 42 hours). At about 41 pm on 42 the Germans sank TSC No. 1. The steamship "A. Andreev" managed to hide in the skerries of Minin, and the motor ship "Mossovet" climbed into the ice field, where the Germans seemed to be afraid to go. If for 1943-3 years in internal convoys German submariners sank 2 ship, then in 1944 - 12, one ship was blown up by a mine, and the reasons for the death of 354 ships have not been established. In 145, the steamer Marina Raskova left my native Severodvinsk (Molotovsk) for the last voyage to Dikson. On August 6503, the steamer was torpedoed by a German submarine in the Kara Sea. Of the XNUMX crew and passengers, only XNUMX managed to escape, XNUMX tons of general cargo sank ...
    Remembering the raids of the Germans in the Arctic, in the "News" section, in the material dedicated to the launching of the ice-class patrol ship "Ivan Papanin", pr. 23550, 25.10.2019, in the comments, I advocated that there was not only an artillery gun and helicopter, but also air defense, and flat on such ships ...
    Thanks to the author for the material!
    1. Alex013
      Alex013 1 November 2019 13: 04 New
      +3
      I agree. There was also information that the Germans were building a weather station at the mouth of the Lena. Although it may be a myth.
    2. nznz
      nznz 1 November 2019 19: 36 New
      13
      judging by the text you are well informed. The topic of New Earth has been intriguing me for a long time, from birth to the present day. The place for our family is "prayed". My father organized SNIS from 1943-46 - he was seconded to the White Sea military flotilla, my mother later moved with her sister with the help of I.D. Papanin, (he knew my father from a high-latitude expedition to rescue G. Sedov and Badigin on the icebreaker I. Stalin in 1940 ., the father was transferred from Yukagir by a radio operator - there are documents, labor, a note about the transfer and a pass to the icebreaker). By 1943, a naval base (naval base) had already been organized on the NZ (as it is customary to shorten Novaya Zemlya), at first Starikov (Hero of the Soviet Union, katernik) commanded, then Dianov (I can be confused, I write from memory). My father carried out construction work on the organization of radio communications - the installation of the foundations of cubes measuring 4m in the rib, in rocky ground in permafrost conditions. Then the equipment and communications were installed. SNIS posts (observation and communication services) were organized along the NZ, data were collected and the ice and meteorological conditions were reported to the NZ. My father drove about 5500 km on dogs, the mushers were neets, the administration of the islands was headed (by the village council) by the legendary Tyko Vylka. He supplied his father with sledges and mushers, because the power in wartime still belonged to the military. In literature, I constantly encounter bias - journalists write that colossal Vylka's contribution, forgetting (perhaps the secrecy played a role) about the huge and predominant contribution of the military. Without belittling Vylka's merits, I will nevertheless say that the task of the civil authorities was a little different - collecting eggs from bird colonies, fluff, harvesting what could be obtained in summer - walrus, seal, deer, arctic fox, geese. A huge help to the military was in the fact that the Nenets mushers possessed amazing abilities in orienting themselves to the terrain that were sparse on landmarks. It was enough for Nets to feel the zastrugi on the crust in the pitch darkness in the conditions of a cruel blizzard to understand where to move. From childhood, they memorized the preferred wind directions and the formation of ice crust in winter. My father always remembered with gratitude Vylka, the mushers, which were the brothers of Ilya Konstantinovich. He called his father Mayakovsky - outwardly something was in a large head and hair combed back. For his work, the father was awarded 2 Orders of the Red Star, copper is also standard - For the defense of the Arctic, etc. For courage, etc. This period of the life of my father and mother, I know quite well, my mother gave birth to a son there, who died after the war in 1951 in a car accident 7 years old. We lived in dugouts.
      I appreciated the reality of this life myself, I worked at NZ 7 years in 2 visits. Just as my father brought his wife there, it coincided surprisingly that my wife gave birth to a son there in 1987. The format of the comment does not allow a broader description of everything. Now he is interested in his father’s line (genealogy on his knee), his participation in Finnish, because after saving the Sedovites, he was transferred to Dezhnev and he made deliveries of goods to our military. I could not find information about my father’s participation in the rescue of Sedov’s archives (inquiries) in Murmansk, neither in Arkhara, nor in the main archive of the Navy, I hope very little for the archive in the Gatchina branch, but so far my hands haven’t reached the letter, but the electronic is not there. Requested and arichiv ekonomichesky-there is empty.



      [/ Center]
      Mom received the certificate from the beginning of the White Sea flotilla according to Papanin’s note, she saw him leaving Emka and called out, I must give him his due, remembered (maybe by last name) helped without delay, wrote a note on the hood and gave my mother who told whom to contact. The place indicated as the destination was probably the place of collection of cargo and passengers on the ship. We went by sea for 3 days, as my mother got to Setra 1941g. it’s incomprehensible, there were no permissions for the daughter, the father didn’t know at all, they let her mother go to the base, but she didn’t have a child. They did it simply, the mother threw her sister through the wire to the sailors, and she went as it should. Counting three times 1943-46, my sister lived in the NZ in the 60s and 70s. I was succeeded in 1980. Her husband, 19, gave the NZ (training ground) most of them in place. Dynasty. Three generations. Sorry for such a long post .. flooded over. Metrics to the born son - my parents sent out the Fork :)
      1. bubalik
        bubalik 1 November 2019 20: 24 New
        +6
        nznz
        Today, 20: 36
        ,,, wonderful comment, very interesting hi
        1. nznz
          nznz 1 November 2019 21: 35 New
          +6
          He wrote notes of a civilian about life on Novaya Zemlya, planned for the Moscow Union of New Earth residents, but there the format of 15 pages is all in type 14. My notes are spread out over 120 pages with a hundred photographs (98-99% of proper). It turns out that he came greeted and immediately left. not my format. I’ll think about where to stick it, maybe go to Samizdat to Proza.ru. I read it, they say it was easy to read, although there are not only different cases, but there are also descriptions of the technology .. is it appropriate to publish such an opus?
          1. bubalik
            bubalik 1 November 2019 21: 39 New
            +4
            ,,, why not, try, maybe the series will even work out yes
      2. Sewer krainiy
        Sewer krainiy 1 November 2019 23: 24 New
        +6
        A big plus for you. He served in the NZ from 1974 to 1982. The daughter was born there in 1976. Regards
        1. nznz
          nznz 2 November 2019 02: 57 New
          +4
          I could have met since 1980-83 and 86-90. Orbit
          I am sitting
          1. Sewer krainiy
            Sewer krainiy 3 November 2019 18: 16 New
            +2
            With me - I doubt it, but with my wife, when buying food at the Polyus, she was the senior in the self-service department there. Yours faithfully
            And by the way, the photo logo of our New Earth photo studio ... nostalgia, however.
            1. nznz
              nznz 3 November 2019 22: 36 New
              +1
              I made friends with a photographer, Valery Borodkina, often shot sailors, was fond of photography. She gave me the pavilion camera, such a coffin, Sinar appears to be 30x40 cm with negatives. I almost thought like dragging it through Dmitriev’s regime, I’d take it now. Although a long time ago on the figure and mirrorless Fukji x pro-1. And then with Nadya Shanaurova — she was a photographer after Valentina, I was hoping that I would be hired or part-time by Shanaurov, the head of the Voyentorg 354, but shish. , 4 sailors in dragged-crempliera rested against the ceiling. Chic magnifier. And in the printing house, the EHC — an electro-engraving zinc cliche — cut out on a galvanized sheet, set up — I thought half-time too, fuck-shish. Sailor Kovalchuk taught to photograph their editorial photographer. did not take.
              1. Sewer krainiy
                Sewer krainiy 4 November 2019 17: 56 New
                0
                Shanaurov-beginning of the Worg

                Popov was there during our service. Deputy his, as far as I remember, Zamulko ... And, by the way, remember the legend of Novaya Zemlya by Grigory Rappoport? Although "Orbit" was built in my presence, stood in the distance, they might not know. And yet, yesterday I somehow found the site of Muscovites from Novaya Zemlya, read your (nznz) memories of our New Earth. Maybe I'll add it if I can go out and register there ...
  11. The comment was deleted.
  12. Undecim
    Undecim 1 November 2019 14: 29 New
    +7
    The Germans organized the first Arctic geophysical station in 1911 on Svalbard.

    Between 1941 and 1945, Germany deployed 15 weather stations in the Arctic with personnel from 4 to 20 people.
    A special training center, Goldhöhe, was set up to train personnel in the Giant Mountains.
    Personnel training and equipment were put on a scientific basis using the experience of Arctic expeditions. For the Schatzgräber weather station (treasure hunter), which is described in the article, the staff also received training at this training center.
    1. Undecim
      Undecim 1 November 2019 14: 44 New
      +7
      As for the "inconspicuous fishing trawler", any signalman would be very surprised to see the artillery at the "trawler" and would definitely doubt that they were "fishermen".

      Volkswohl fishing trawler this ship was from 1929 to 1938. And in 1938 he became a meteorological vessel Kriegsmarine WBS 6 Kehdingen
      1. Undecim
        Undecim 1 November 2019 15: 28 New
        +9
        And a little about trichinosis, which some really liked, and some of their narrow-mindedness brought it into "our biological weapon". Only this "biological weapon" today is a serious problem for the inhabitants of the Arctic, where from several dozen to several hundred cases of the disease are registered annually.
        In 2008, in one of the villages of the Providensky district, after eating polar bear meat, eight people fell ill right away, two of whom died.
        The unfavorable ecological and parasitological situation required the organization of one hundred percent veterinary control of the harvested sea animals.
        Such is "our biological weapon".
        1. Pane Kohanku
          Pane Kohanku 1 November 2019 16: 00 New
          +1
          In 2008, in one of the villages of the Providensky district, after eating polar bear meat, eight people fell ill right away, two of whom died.

          I heard somewhere that there are entire regions in Siberia where a parasite is a normal thing - people and parasites are used to each other for generations. This is me, from memory. I could be wrong! hi
          1. Undecim
            Undecim 1 November 2019 16: 10 New
            10
            Even a recovering person will wear Trichinella capsules in his muscles for dozens of years, since there are currently no drugs that can cope with them. In addition, unlike viral and bacterial infections, on the antigens of which, as a rule, the human body produces specific antibodies, that is, stable immunity appears, invasions caused by worms, protozoa, etc., are not immunogenic. That is, having been ill with trichinosis, it can just as well become infected again.
            1. Pane Kohanku
              Pane Kohanku 1 November 2019 16: 38 New
              +4
              Even a recovering person will wear Trichinella capsules in his muscles for dozens of years, since there are currently no drugs that can cope with them.

              in short, it’s better not to touch the white bear ... in general .. even the dead ... No.
              1. nznz
                nznz 1 November 2019 19: 53 New
                10
                absolutely accurate. In my memory, there were cases when the jokes ended poorly, well, and then there were cases with a drastic outcome. Photo as a keepsake, my colleagues and friends take pictures against the backdrop of a family of bears nearby in Belusha Bay, in it itself. Practically, those who wished were terrified of what they thought ? With kids!! Of the trinity, only Sanya Galsky who is alive today is alive.
        2. Sewer krainiy
          Sewer krainiy 1 November 2019 23: 31 New
          +5
          So the polar bear is listed in the Red Book, you can not hunt him, however. Maybe only in case of attack on people. Or poachers? Or the local population has already been allowed ...

          In 2008, in one of the villages of the Providensky district, after eating polar bear meat, eight people fell ill right away, two of whom died.
          1. Undecim
            Undecim 1 November 2019 23: 41 New
            +6
            According to some estimates, annually in the Russian Arctic poachers kill 200-300 polar bears. Back in 2009, the Russian branch of WWF (World Wide Fund for Nature) offered a prize of 30 rubles for information on poachers and 000 rubles to law enforcement officials who would bring the case of poaching to court.
      2. vladcub
        vladcub 1 November 2019 15: 52 New
        +4
        V. On., Thanks for your additions. They are always informative.
  13. vladcub
    vladcub 1 November 2019 14: 56 New
    +5
    "they took it off the fire a bit early", probably, they were so hungry that the cooks were going to crackle, and he took off the pan and said: "eat the gluttons"
  14. Astra wild
    Astra wild 1 November 2019 15: 21 New
    +3
    The author, thank you for your interesting and unexpected story. I got used to the fact that "East Wind" has publications on the history of the Caucasus, but I have not read about the Arctic and least expected it. Thanks again
  15. NF68
    NF68 1 November 2019 15: 36 New
    +3
    Witches for the success of the operation received the next rank / some posthumously, and a couple of boxes of condensed milk?
    1. Mordvin 3
      Mordvin 3 1 November 2019 16: 58 New
      +3
      Quote: NF68
      Vedmedi for the successful operation received the next rank

      They love bears to eat a fortune-teller, so they catch all the muck.
      1. Pane Kohanku
        Pane Kohanku 1 November 2019 17: 10 New
        +3
        They love bears to eat a fortune-teller, so they catch all the muck.

        Vladimir, unfortunately, this is practically the norm. The world is so arranged .... request
        1. Mordvin 3
          Mordvin 3 1 November 2019 17: 23 New
          +5
          Quote: Pane Kohanku
          Vladimir, unfortunately, this is practically the norm.

          I mean, when they are not hungry, they specifically dig in their prey, and after a couple of days they eat meat with rotten meat.
          1. Reptiloid
            Reptiloid 2 November 2019 13: 13 New
            +4
            Quote: mordvin xnumx
            specially dig in the extraction ........ meat with rotten meat.

            Brown bears do the same. For example, when a red fish rises up the river to spawn, a bear catches a fish, immediately tears its stomach, eats the most delicious and dribbles.
            1. nznz
              nznz 3 November 2019 22: 25 New
              +2
              It’s vital for the bear to gain a strategic supply of fat by the onset of winter, because the walrus-seal from the landfast ice leaves and there’s simply nothing to eat. Here he eats only fat. This is the fastest way to fulfill the norm. Proteins mainly, but fat is heat, fuel.
              1. Reptiloid
                Reptiloid 4 November 2019 10: 07 New
                +3
                Quote: nznz
                It’s vital for the bear to gain a strategic supply of fat by the onset of winter, because the walrus-seal from the landfast ice leaves and there’s simply nothing to eat. Here he eats only fat. This is the fastest way to fulfill the norm. Proteins mainly, but fat is heat, fuel.

                Probably the most important thing for a BROWN bear is to gain a supply of fat for the winter. What could be more useful than red caviar ??? Spawning --- not long! And then you can dig the dug-in fish "" with a smell ""? good
          2. nznz
            nznz 3 November 2019 22: 28 New
            +2
            here, too, pure physiology and not taste preferences. Rotten is milking us. For them, this is a secondary protein — that is, already lost and slightly destroyed muscle tissue — but they retain protein, and it is easily digestible. I have a doggie at home 80cm 80kg Alabaychik, so sometimes I spoil it, the meat is a little thoughtful, I still hold it, I love it, I also like the scar, you can smell it and you can vomit, but in the scar (book, net is its different departments) a lot beneficial bacteria, I give it as a medicine.
            1. Reptiloid
              Reptiloid 4 November 2019 09: 46 New
              +2
              Quote: nznz
              in the rumen ... many useful bacteria, I give it as a medicine.

              Generally in the stomach ruminants, not only useful microflora, but also microfauna(ciliates), useful for a cow (chewing gum), or a giraffe, but also for someone who eats this scar, it may also be useful. laughing
            2. Reptiloid
              Reptiloid 4 November 2019 10: 02 New
              +2
              Quote: nznz
              not taste preferences. It's rotten milking us. For them, it's a secondary protein, that is, already lost and slightly destroyed muscle

              Secondary protein It turns out that the digestion process is carried outside the stomach and begins before eating? And people --- hot processing! A similar process, say, is in a housefly.
              What about taste preferences? What can I say. In different territories of the Earth (people), completely different concepts of the taste of food! Someone loves locusts, someone eggs of weed chickens with half-developed embryos, someone fish "" with a smell "" (does it mean that its protein is easier to digest?) ...
      2. NF68
        NF68 6 November 2019 18: 28 New
        0
        Quote: mordvin xnumx
        Quote: NF68
        Vedmedi for the successful operation received the next rank

        They love bears to eat a fortune-teller, so they catch all the muck.


        Condensed milk is not all disgusting. For her, the ladies will give their souls.
        1. Mordvin 3
          Mordvin 3 6 November 2019 18: 31 New
          +1
          Quote: NF68
          Condensed milk is not all disgusting. For her, the ladies will give their souls.

          So because it is called that honey knows. Nevertheless...
  16. Tests
    Tests 1 November 2019 18: 01 New
    +7
    Undecim, dear, the same trouble with a brown bear in the Arkhangelsk region. From the majority of the hunted beast, hunters take only claws and hide - after analysis, meat is burned in 90%. Our small bears, unlike the bears of Kamchatka, the skulls of their hunters - as trophies are not interesting.
  17. Sewer krainiy
    Sewer krainiy 1 November 2019 23: 47 New
    +3
    [quote = nznz] absolutely exact. In my memory, there were cases when the jokes ended badly, well, and then there were cases with an estimated outcome. Photo for memory - my colleagues and friends take pictures against the backdrop of a family of bears nearby in Belushskaya Bay, in it itself practically. Those who wished - horror of what they thought ? With kids!! Of the trinity, only Sanya Galsky who is alive today is alive.


    My photos of polar bears with people, children in Belushka - are on the network. And with the famous Yashka, and with others who wandered there. In my memory, for 8 years, a bear tore a fighter on Cape Lillie, he was commissioned, and he was bullied by a geologist in the tundra during field work. From now on, if memory serves, geologists were allowed to shoot them with threatening behavior in the area of ​​the camp. They often ran into the garrison, drove off the commandant service. Sometimes we slept, remained for did photo shoots smile But there was no such influx as this year.
    1. nznz
      nznz 2 November 2019 03: 03 New
      +3
      my cards are walking around too. There is a moratorium on the Belushkayur website - there a couple of years ago they reported an accident - an officer was killed, a guy was waiting for a helicopter in Severny so that he went to Belushka and the demobilization commission. He walked and ran into trouble. Yashka is well remembered by her sister, Vakhrameeva (her husband is Kapraz Vakhrameev). Well, Khvatov and Mishka all know. I later met the red-bearded major in Lakhta at the airfield already at the BZ after service, when you often fly from Moscow to the military side for refueling or by weather. In Katutnino I remember with my son 1 years 3 days sitting ..
      1. Sewer krainiy
        Sewer krainiy 3 November 2019 18: 11 New
        +3
        So the scarecrow of Yashka stood in the DOF, and now, apparently, he's standing. On the Day of winter in the Soviet transported. They reassured him so that he wouldn’t lift anyone. From the Pentagon they watched him catch a woman on Fomin, who treated him with a cookie, on the spot. Thank you, the sailors' formation appeared around the corner of the house and yelled with a good obscenity, ran away. After that ... The children were told that they were taken to the tundra by helicopter.
        Hvatov ... Hvatov, is it not the commandant, however. Well dumb, like all the commandants. There is a military man in a special coat without shoulder straps, a civilian hat. It stops ... I personally know why you are not in shape ... It was with me. Oh, my youth ..

        there a couple of years ago they reported an accident, an officer capr zadram bear, a man was waiting for a helicopter in the North to Belushka and the commission


        Sympathy for relatives ... But if Severny is already working a couple of years ago, it is not for nothing that New Zealanders eat bread. Well and loach ...
        1. nznz
          nznz 3 November 2019 22: 17 New
          +1
          I had a case when a Tajik (Uzbek ??) and an Armenian went to PES ku to start something to feed, chased a mshka behind them, there was a polar day. The Armenian ran to the reels with the cable, the Uzbek to kung, on the traps, the bear chose the Uzbek Wilimo because he saw him, but the guy was not lucky, slipped and fell. Once fell, all Yunerpa, booty. he ate from the Uzbek the fattest chunks from his face and stomach - .. the Armenian survived, but drove a little by the roof, or simply felt sorry for the guy whose eyes were eaten by the sidekick. There were calls at 15 units from the Arctic sports complex, but they notified in advance and notified, the operative sent the GTS and it pushed them out of the garrison. Once in front of Broom (she’s not there now, instead of Metelitsa there was Ttsentr), the mihail jumped out and tried to attack him kicked out towards the Gavrilov Gulf. I knew Khvatov closely, I was a civilian, Orbit-connection and TV, but can you hear Vakhrameev’s nickname (nickname Pinochet for corrosiveness and character) could you hear? my sister’s husband. 19 years old there, but somewhere until 1978 approximately.
          1. Sewer krainiy
            Sewer krainiy 4 November 2019 18: 04 New
            0
            I had a case
            This was not the case with our service. For 8 years, I wrote above, the fighter at Lilia, remained alive, and the geologist (died).
        2. Sewer krainiy
          Sewer krainiy 4 November 2019 18: 44 New
          0
          Sorry, Khvatov, as I recall, was the head of KECh.
      2. Reptiloid
        Reptiloid 3 November 2019 21: 36 New
        +2
        Quote: nznz
        ...... In Katutnino I remember with my son 3 years 3 days sitting ..
        I remembered --- up to 6 years ---- 2 days in Nikolaevsk-on-Amur with mom, 2 days in Okhotsk --- airport, with mom and father, in Khabarovsk in a hotel with father 3 days, Khabarovsk, at the airport with mom, 2 days, I don’t remember, but it was a year and a half ...
        In general, a wonderful article and comments as well, now re-read carefully.
  18. Monster_Fat
    Monster_Fat 2 November 2019 14: 22 New
    0
    I read somewhere on the internet that the German meteorological equipment taken out from this or from some other German secret station was used as "scientific equipment" in the scenery during the filming of the famous film "I'm Going Into a Thunderstorm".
    1. nznz
      nznz 3 November 2019 22: 10 New
      0
      I saw only one traitor exported from Germany-Goliath to Druzhny settlement in the Nizhny Novgorod Region. Mast extensions over 250m ... technical field, SDV traitor since 1959.
  19. Tests
    Tests 3 November 2019 23: 02 New
    +1
    nznz (Igor), dear, unfortunately, has not been to Novaya Zemlya. In the comments to the materials about Lend-Lease, I wrote that the topic of the war in the North was always interesting to me, I was lucky with a history teacher at school, from the 7th grade I could do anything in class, most often I copied English. Nikolai Andreevich knew that I had swallowed the textbook in the summer and read a bunch of additional literature. My ancestors from near Arkhangelsk: along the line of my mother from the islands in the Northern Dvina delta, from the village of Nizhneye Rybalovo and from the village of Borkovskoye, and along my father's line, all from Zaostrovye. Since the church in Zaostrovye twice was not allowed to be closed by the parishioners of the Soviet regime, all the archives were preserved and one of the grandmother's brothers - Ivan Georgievich Testov, the organizer of the public museum of the Zaostrovsky collective farm, had a genealogy from the 17th century ... brigade "on about. Jagry in Severodvinsk, which provided tests on Novaya Zemlya in the 50s. Well, I, as many residents of Severodvinsk can say, was born in the local history museum ... Father's younger sister's husband, after the Arkhangelsk sailor started on the Bukovina, summer - tourists to Solovki from Arkhangelsk, autumn - like a floating hotel near Novaya. since the Pomor families are large - my cousins ​​and second cousins ​​worked throughout the former Soviet Union, but in the North - the majority ... My wife began her career as a teacher at school 23 in Severodvinsk - a school where most of the students are children of military sailors. And in the Criminal Investigation Department of Severodvinsk in 1990, they cut "land" to me: one small quarter "K" and the plant "Polyarnaya Zvezda", Novaya Zemlya base, all SOT up to the settlement of the timber industry enterprise Pal-Ozero to the south and to the west all the coast of the White Sea to d Suzma, I include all the land of the State Central Order of Lenin naval training ground with the village of Sopka and Nyonoksa, the area is then larger than Moscow. I met many military personnel ... Fleet missiles flew from stands in Nyonoks and from ships to Novoye Zemlya, and Chizha's battlefield is still working today. Yes, the Polygon celebrated its 01th anniversary on November 65, veterans recalled how they put "Caliber" on the wing ... I had good relations with Oleg Borisovich Khimanych, a member of the Russian Geographical Society, a member of the Writers' Union of Russia, who had been to NZ many times. I have known the workers of the city museum of local lore, museums of Sevmash and "Zvezdochka" for many years.
    nznz (Igor), dear, which archives of Arkhangelsk have been accessed? According to the northern convoys, cranks from the archives of the Arkhangelsk regional committee of the CPSU documents were declassified in the 90s of the last century.
    Now I am in St. Petersburg with my youngest daughter, finally vacation, I can clarify the Novaya Zemlya base in 2 weeks. In 1941, a lot of effort was put on arranging the port in the Ugra bowl in Khabarovo (Nikolsky), and in 42 they decided to make Belush Guba the main port. 2-special air group of the White Sea naval flotilla under the leadership of I.P. Mazuruk was created from pilots Glavsevmorputi in August 1941. Their flying boats patrolled the Barents Sea in the fall of 41 years. I can’t remember all their airfields now.