Military Review

Figures of soldiers from the Army Museum in Paris

110
Our guns are thundering
bayonets shine!

Good toy
cheap toy -
box of soldiers.
Olga Berggolz. Tin Soldiers March


This reduced, reduced world. It just so happened that people from planet Earth at all times tried for some reason to make copies of themselves, both enlarged and reduced in size, and, of course, they also made figures one-to-one tall, or even quite gigantic . Large figures and those that were the size of a living person were used for worship and as monuments, but why were small figures needed? As amulets? Yes, of course, and ethnographers confirm this. But they also tell us that these figures, sometimes made of twigs, straw and clay, children of various primitive peoples used and are using today as toys. Obviously, in the past there were dolls that were played by both children of the nobility and children of the poor, only they were arranged differently. In addition, the same Egyptian pharaohs were put into the tombs of entire detachments of miniature warriors in full armor. In the afterlife, by the will of the gods, they were to come to life and, as before, serve their master! Well, later such figures turned into “soldiers”, well known to us today.

Figures of soldiers from the Army Museum in Paris

Painted figures of soldiers from the tomb of the nomarch Mesekhti (Cairo Museum)


Not so long ago, very interesting two articles by historian E. Vashchenko on soldiers - warriors of the past. In my opinion, these are the best materials on this subject among all that I have ever read. However, this topic is so vast and truly inexhaustible that it is quite possible to supplement it. In particular, regarding stories the "soldiers" themselves, and besides this, information about the prospects for this type of creativity, whether it be the hand-made production of these figures or a business that someone put on stream. But first, let's get a little more detailed look at their history and the collection of soldiers presented at the Paris Army Museum. By golly, those who are fascinated by all this, must necessarily come here and get to know her, because she ... well, she’s just extremely interesting in every way.


Nubian Archers (Cairo Museum)


So let's start with the story. It turns out that the start of mass production of fairly cheap figures of tin soldiers that could be played is connected with the name of a very specific person, namely, the German master Joachim Gottfried Hilpert from the city of Nuremberg. He was born in 1732 in a family of casters living in the city of Coburg. In 1760, Hilpert was already an independent master and continued the family business together with his brother Johann Georg, and later his son Wolfgang.


But such figures of soldiers of the XVIII century. exhibited at the Maritime Museum in Venice


At that time, it was fashionable to put portrait medallions with profiles or portraits of various European celebrities on the table or mantelpiece. These could be emperors and kings, great enlighteners, and artists, generals and people of the church. These medallions were cast from tin in forms engraved on slate plates, then soldered to tin coasters and painted with multi-colored enamel paints. However, the market demanded to keep up to date. Then, along with the famous natural scientist Alexander Humbolt Iohim, he created a series of figures of various exotic animals, followed by the characters of folk tales, as well as sets with scenes of hunting and holidays. Although all of them were flat, like his previous medallions, they were distinguished by stunning detail on both sides of each figure.


Nuremberg soldiers were sold in such wooden boxes.


And then the Hilperts began making flat soldiers. The fact is that King Frederick II at that time was very popular and people wanted to join his military successes, at least ... placing figures of his grenadiers on their table! There were also benefits in saving material. The medallions required a lot of metal, and these figures were very thin, only about 1 mm thick, and 2-3 inches high. At the same time, they were beautifully designed and painted.


One of the fashionable directions of “games” with Nuremberg figures was the creation of such dioramas. This one was called "Napoleon in Egypt" (Army Museum, Paris)



2 December 1804 year. Coronation of Napoleon (Army Museum, Paris)



And here the Napoleon’s figure is already voluminous (Army Museum, Paris)


Well, in 1778, Hilpert also sculpted Frederick the Great himself on horseback, and the demand for it exceeded the offer several times, so it turned out to be so popular. The release of soldiers was also influenced by progress in the production of earthenware dishes. Cheap and beautiful, she began to rapidly displace tin and ... what was her former foundry to do to earn her daily bread? So it turned out that only in the city of Fürth in the 1790 year of the soldiers released eight model and foundry shops at once and all their products found a sale.

The popularity of Nuremberg figures was also added by Russian emperors. The fact is that Peter I, and Peter II, and Paul I, and Nicholas I, and Alexander II were passionate fans of this hobby, and it is clear that the courtiers tried to flatter their masters, and therefore, to the extent of their strength and capabilities, too, “ played soldiers ”.


An absolutely stunning set of voluminous figures "Napoleon's carriage and his convoy." And asks for a set for collectors. Something like sets of Ashet. For example, the crew of the American Pony Express postal service is attacked - bandits / Indians - whoever likes what. Horses harnessed to the stagecoach rush ... guard of the stagecoach firing from the roof at the pursuers. Passengers shoot from the windows. Bandits / Indians rush behind. The first ten to collect and send photos to the company - a disk with the cult movie "Stagecoach" (Army Museum, Paris)

And again, it was in Nuremberg in 1848 that someone Ernst Heinrichsen came up with the first scale, which later became international - the height of 32 mm figures of an infantryman without a headdress, and 45 mm - for a figure of a rider. These were, as before, flat figures, but now they all began to be produced in the same size. But the greatest success was expected by the son of the founder of the company, to whom Emperor Nicholas I ordered a large batch of soldiers of the Russian imperial guard with a height of 60 mm. It included all kinds of troops, the regiments of which consisted of figures of six types. That is, there were all: infantry, cavalry, and timpani, and drummers, and trumpeters, and standard bearers. For the imperial treasury, this monstrous whim cost 15 000 gold guilders. However, Nikolai did not have a chance to see the collection. While doing it, he died. Alexander II already received it, but it is not known where she later disappeared.


Fairly large figures of the era of Napoleon III (Army Museum, Paris)


Already at the end of the 19th century, it was time for three-dimensional figures. France is considered their homeland, but on the other hand, the British, or rather an Englishman named William Britane, learned in 1893 to cast soldiers, albeit small, but hollow inside, significantly saving on metal. They have become lighter, and therefore cheaper and more affordable. Playing them and collecting them has become much more interesting. At the same time, in Germany, for example, there were areas where they were traditionally made of wood, and in the East, in India - from painted clay.

In England, the magazine “Toy soldiers” is even published, telling about the world of figures, and, of course, the “soldiers” of all countries and peoples are advertised by the Japanese magazine Model Grefix. For those who are passionate about this, on the one hand it is better not to look there. For example, in the January issue of Toy Soldiers for 2019, there were figures of German knights from the Battle of the Ice, Aztec Indians in their luxurious outfits - just all those characters about whom our Military Review website wrote just at that time. Figures of soldiers in our country are in many museums, in particular the Museum of Artillery and Signal Corps and the Suvorov Museum in St. Petersburg.

But in the Paris Army Museum almost a whole floor is dedicated to them. In any case, several of his rooms. And here are some interesting thoughts that arise when you look at all this tin wealth. But before us is an excellent tool for the "factory in the garage" and "home business." That is, for a side job, which is quite possible even in the most simple conditions when using modern technologies and materials. Of course, this small business, however, will require both time and money, and to be engaged in, but ... what if a person is interested in such figures, knows how to make them, or skillfully converts a “company”. Then why not? Why not make money where we often just spend it?


"Napoleon on a horse." Naturally, “Napoleonics” on all scales is the most popular topic for French figurine manufacturers (Army Museum, Paris)


So, today it is possible to make figures on the scale of 1: 32 and 1: 35 both from metal and epoxy, and pour them into molds from vixint. If you make them metal, you will have to use "white metal", either purchased or home-made based on an alloy of tin with "Rose metal". True, the same “Rose alloy” is not cheap, in Penza, for example, the price of 50 g ranges from 190 to 319 rubles. In addition, ideally, you need a compressor - to create a vacuum when casting from epoxy resin under the hood or a special injection molding machine to get clear castings. But experience shows that if you do this and your products are of high quality, then all this pays off very quickly.

Well, of course, today you need to "keep your nose in the wind" and offer something for which there is massive demand. Suppose it may not be tin figures, but ... old tin dishes for doll houses, copies of plates, beer mugs, dishes, waffle irons. Some large company released another dollhouse, and it went on sale through newspaper and magazine kiosks. Well, it’s possible to make dishes, lights, including operating ones, on LEDs and batteries, candlesticks, and even Singer sewing machines on a beautiful cast, curled base.


Equestrian artillery of the late XIX century. Guns shoot small balls! (Museum of the Army, Paris) Today they can be made shooting miniature powder charges ... And it will be a very hot commodity!


Scale 1: 12 allows you to produce figures for such houses. And although it’s somehow not customary to classify them as soldiers, it’s quite possible to do them. You will begin to cast and color them, and your wife or hired seamstresses can sew them! Take, also LLC Ashet Collection, a branch of the French company Ashet. Now from this company on sale the details of the next dollhouse - in the Victorian style. But this set may well be supplemented. Supplemented ... with the same miniature figures of painted soldiers in red uniforms. That is, we left what, besides, we returned, but only at a different level. However, the theme of large-scale figures, we will certainly continue next time!

To be continued ...
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  1. Albatroz
    Albatroz 6 November 2019 18: 08
    +7
    Very interesting. And an immortal game for male adults. Yes, and grown up
    1. Vend
      Vend 7 November 2019 09: 51
      +1
      Quote: Albatroz
      Very interesting. And an immortal game for male adults. Yes, and grown up

      That's for sure, my son has already started asking for soldiers.
    2. kalibr
      21 January 2020 10: 24
      0
      Albatroz November 6, 2019 18:08
      Turns out I'm looking at myself?
  2. Edward Vashchenko
    Edward Vashchenko 6 November 2019 18: 11
    +10
    Eh Vyacheslav Olegovich,
    what article, and advice even more beautiful!
    Bravo - it seems so they say where this museum wink
    1. kalibr
      6 November 2019 18: 32
      +6
      Edward, I already wrote that you had an excellent article in the morning. So now I can say yours is better, more informative. It's just ... I was doing business with soldiers and was at the Museum of the Army ... By the way, my granddaughter bought a SINGER machine for her dollhouse - amazing quality, but without a wooden base. I did it to her. Now she has become like a real one!
      1. vladcub
        vladcub 6 November 2019 18: 51
        +4
        V.O., so you do not hope that science will feed you and toys have begun to be made?
        1. kalibr
          6 November 2019 19: 03
          +4
          Svyatoslav! Of course not. It is most beneficial for me to write. But ... sometimes I want to work with my hands. Have you seen how many weapons I made, you can't tell the difference from the real one? And my daughter grew up on my toys. Everything went to the granddaughter, well, it happens, I am still doing something to her, even though she is already 17 years old. And the soldiers ... he made in the 90s, as did the Polish "Ford" model of the T-60A tank and BA.
          1. Astra wild
            Astra wild 6 November 2019 20: 48
            +2
            Are your tank models interesting for your granddaughter ?! Although for example I like vintage cars, there’s something in them from a work of art
      2. Edward Vashchenko
        Edward Vashchenko 6 November 2019 21: 05
        +3
        I've been to the Army Museum several times, but for some reason I have never gotten into toys) I don’t even remember, it seems like a reconstruction.
        hi
        1. kalibr
          6 November 2019 21: 19
          +3
          So it’s huge, you can get lost there! Have you seen the layouts of forts and the castle of Saint-Michel?
          1. Edward Vashchenko
            Edward Vashchenko 6 November 2019 21: 20
            +4
            No,
            remembered how it was just closed for restoration.
  3. bubalik
    bubalik 6 November 2019 18: 12
    +11
    ,,, a site occupied by soldiers lol
    1. kalibr
      6 November 2019 18: 33
      +7
      It happened by coincidence. And if Edward has a whole collection at home, then ... I only have a couple.
    2. Mordvin 3
      Mordvin 3 6 November 2019 20: 03
      +8
      Quote: bubalik
      site occupied by soldiers

      Yes. It is necessary to get armored personnel carriers, tanks, guns from zashashniks ...

      And where did everything go? recourse
  4. Hunghuz
    Hunghuz 6 November 2019 18: 28
    +7
    Suvorov was playing. The greatest commander.
    A useful thing in every sense, a game of toy soldiers
  5. Catfish
    Catfish 6 November 2019 18: 36
    +12
    Well, today we have the "Children's World" of my childhood! "Dragoons in orderly rows, lancers with ponytails ..." and all at one door. Hooray, I'm back in my childhood! Excellent, Vyacheslav, and most importantly on time. smile
    All went to read.
    1. Phil77
      Phil77 6 November 2019 19: 18
      +4
      Read? Or maybe we’ll play toy soldiers ??? laughing good laughing
      1. Catfish
        Catfish 6 November 2019 19: 23
        +4
        Not Seryozha, all my people have been in self-propelled way for a long time. As instead of the usual "naked" they released a bunch of boobed Barbettes, so the people immediately hammered into the service and fled from their favorite closet. Only the trunks remained, and those hundred years have not been cleaned.
        1. Astra wild
          Astra wild 6 November 2019 20: 54
          +2
          The sea cat, apparently, in the army you had mediocre commanders, that they did not vaccinate for life: the weapons must be cleaned.
          Perhaps you will present something to me, but I promise to groom and cherish your gift
          1. Catfish
            Catfish 6 November 2019 21: 01
            +2
            I had excellent commanders in the army, and it’s not for you, madam, to judge them from your belfry.
            1. Astra wild
              Astra wild 6 November 2019 21: 15
              +2
              You misunderstood the humor. Themselves said: "there are only trunks left, and the fact that they have not been cleaned for years" so I tried to joke, and you were offended.
              1. Catfish
                Catfish 6 November 2019 21: 28
                +2
                "... okay, but don't joke so hard anymore." (FROM)
                1. The comment was deleted.
                2. Astra wild
                  Astra wild 7 November 2019 13: 37
                  0
                  Agreed: I’ll try to make jokes easier
                  1. Catfish
                    Catfish 7 November 2019 14: 33
                    0
                    Well and goodies. smile love
                    1. Pane Kohanku
                      Pane Kohanku 7 November 2019 17: 02
                      +3
                      So cute - looking at your wonderful communication, I want to say:
                      - Madame .. I am an old marine wolf Kotyara, and I do not know words of love ... soldier drinks class! good do not quarrel!
                      1. Catfish
                        Catfish 7 November 2019 20: 30
                        +1
                        Yes, I don’t like to quarrel. smile The point is zero, it was just a shame for the men with whom he served, they guys were what they needed. good
            2. 3x3zsave
              3x3zsave 6 November 2019 21: 15
              +1
              Konstantin hi Will you practice "mixed fighting" ??? laughing
              1. Catfish
                Catfish 6 November 2019 21: 26
                +2
                Paaaaaprashu without dirty hints !!! I'm not in Copenhagen in your falcons. am
                1. 3x3zsave
                  3x3zsave 6 November 2019 21: 37
                  +2
                  No question buddy! It does not operate with modern terms, we can go to the plane of medieval justice. In the emerging horde, how do you prefer to fight a woman: leg chained to a pole or buried to the waist?
                  1. Catfish
                    Catfish 6 November 2019 21: 48
                    0
                    Yes, I’ll shoot right away, why should she suffer. request
                    1. 3x3zsave
                      3x3zsave 6 November 2019 22: 05
                      -1
                      Good soul man! And obviously he hadn’t re-read Mark Twain for a long time.
                      1. Pane Kohanku
                        Pane Kohanku 7 November 2019 09: 16
                        +3
                        Good soul man!

                        yeah, straight kind of good people, kinder than him only fanatic Mark Krysoboy .. what (reference to Bulgakov) drinks
                      2. Catfish
                        Catfish 7 November 2019 10: 17
                        +3
                        Nikolay, you are wrong! Mark Ratslayer is by no means a fanatic, he is a simple military professional of his time. And I always associate him with Captain Pedan from Feuchtwanger's "Jewish War".
                        Fu, stood up for a good man and feel better at heart. smile drinks
                      3. Pane Kohanku
                        Pane Kohanku 7 November 2019 17: 29
                        +4
                        Mark Krysoboy is by no means a fanatic, he is a simple military professional of his time.

                        in any person in different situations there will be a contrast between the requirements of a certain duty and inner convictions, thoughts, feelings. Each has its own choice. soldier drinks
                      4. Catfish
                        Catfish 7 November 2019 20: 41
                        0
                        Sometimes you don’t have to choose, life sometimes drives you into such situations, which is not at all up to your inner convictions and feelings. I would not want to ... smile drinks
                      5. Catfish
                        Catfish 7 November 2019 10: 13
                        +2
                        Stolen from the hospital library, Samuel Porter always takes an honorable place on my shelf between Patients and Bulgakov. Do not slander! drinks
                      6. 3x3zsave
                        3x3zsave 7 November 2019 18: 02
                        +1
                        Well, remember "Injun Joe" and his words about revenge on a woman. Do you remember? So I say, shoot is the decision of the "kindest man"!
                      7. 3x3zsave
                        3x3zsave 7 November 2019 19: 47
                        +1
                        Clements, was his last name !!!
                      8. Catfish
                        Catfish 7 November 2019 20: 42
                        +2
                        What am I doing, again, at a right angle? request
                      9. 3x3zsave
                        3x3zsave 7 November 2019 20: 53
                        +1
                        Not without it. laughing
                      10. Catfish
                        Catfish 7 November 2019 21: 04
                        +3
                        Anton, and who was removed there again. There aren’t any minuses, but someone clearly doesn’t like me. laughing
                      11. 3x3zsave
                        3x3zsave 7 November 2019 21: 09
                        0
                        Ah, that's fine! The second law of thermodynamics in action!
                        "Entropy increases, alcohol rises in price" (c)
                      12. Catfish
                        Catfish 7 November 2019 20: 38
                        +1
                        Then give me a plus. For "kindness" and I will go clean the weapon. smile
                      13. The comment was deleted.
              2. Pane Kohanku
                Pane Kohanku 8 November 2019 09: 41
                +3
                Will you practice "mixed fighting" ???

                Aha, style "drunken sea cat"! fellow a turntable with a mast in the air, and an oar on the head! Banzaaaaa! fellow drinks
          2. 3x3zsave
            3x3zsave 6 November 2019 21: 13
            +1
            A beautiful stranger! I am compelled to state the fact that in the first sentence you are clearly "going too far."
            1. Catfish
              Catfish 6 November 2019 21: 24
              +2
              "going too far."


              Hmmm ... cher ami, I really didn’t expect it, although in the case. laughing
              1. 3x3zsave
                3x3zsave 6 November 2019 21: 39
                +1
                What did you suddenly "not expect"?
                1. Catfish
                  Catfish 6 November 2019 21: 50
                  +3
                  Come on, I'm not talking about "It". recourse

                  And whose comment there so quickly deleted did not notice? I did not make it in time.
            2. Mordvin 3
              Mordvin 3 6 November 2019 21: 43
              +3
              Quote: 3x3zsave
              You are clearly going overboard.

              Quote: Sea Cat
              I didn’t expect it

              Quote: 3x3zsave
              What did you suddenly "not expect"?

              I am silent, I am not a lieutenant Rzhevsky ...
              1. 3x3zsave
                3x3zsave 6 November 2019 21: 47
                +4
                "And for a long time in captivity of the embracing arms,
                The irresistible lieutenant was floundering "(c)
                1. Mordvin 3
                  Mordvin 3 6 November 2019 21: 50
                  +3
                  Quote: 3x3zsave
                  And for a long time in captivity hugging handles,
                  The irresistible lieutenant was floundering "(c)

                  Yes, the main thing is that they wouldn’t go too far. request
                  1. 3x3zsave
                    3x3zsave 6 November 2019 22: 12
                    +1
                    This, by the way, is a well-known phenomenon in traumatology, more rare than "bridle rupture", but nevertheless, quite widespread.
                    1. Mordvin 3
                      Mordvin 3 6 November 2019 22: 18
                      +4
                      Quote: 3x3zsave
                      This, incidentally, is a well-known phenomenon in traumatology.

                      I only met such a thing in Kivinov’s case when a nurse in a morgue with a mop (maybe something else, I don’t remember exactly) lupanul on a sticking out from under the bedspread. The mess. Only there the dead man was alive, I don’t remember why.
                      1. 3x3zsave
                        3x3zsave 6 November 2019 22: 25
                        +2
                        I - according to familiar traumatologists.
                      2. Catfish
                        Catfish 7 November 2019 10: 09
                        +2
                        What can I say ... Each has his own experience ... request
                2. Pane Kohanku
                  Pane Kohanku 7 November 2019 09: 20
                  +5
                  "And for a long time in captivity of the embracing arms,
                  The irresistible lieutenant was floundering "

                  - Lieutenant! Didn’t you take off your boots?
                  - Well, took off!
                  - So why are you knocking on the parquet then?
                  - How with what? Claws, sir!
                  fellow
            3. Astra wild
              Astra wild 7 November 2019 17: 57
              +2
              My Petersburg poet, fi on you: the gentleman of the lady does not make public comments. Joke
              1. 3x3zsave
                3x3zsave 7 November 2019 19: 59
                0
                Beautiful Stranger, I may be "fi", but I'm no stranger. What help me on stage, what orchids on the pavement, all one! For I am not only not a gentleman, Senya is not even buried behind the fence of the clutch garden.
                1. 3x3zsave
                  3x3zsave 7 November 2019 20: 15
                  0
                  Naturally, he meant "help", "me", and "bury"
                  1. Catfish
                    Catfish 7 November 2019 21: 10
                    0
                    Dispel the ashes over the (Baltic) sea, and fuck the orchid beds. To order the church choir to perform "Many Summer" every day, to post a guard of honor from the "Russian Guard" near the piece department. Hooray !!! soldier drinks
                    1. 3x3zsave
                      3x3zsave 7 November 2019 21: 20
                      +1
                      Offend, however. What for above the Puddle of Markows? I’m not a Chukhonite! Directly to the Neva, from the Trinity Bridge.
                      1. Catfish
                        Catfish 7 November 2019 22: 10
                        +1
                        Do it yourself, at least from the Palace, at least from any. As the saying goes: "God bless us to eat the chicken that will graze on our grave." smile
  6. Phil77
    Phil77 6 November 2019 19: 16
    +4
    Here it is !!! Here, Vyacheslav Olegovich, here they are your topics, and you: I’ll go to the party archive, I’ll go to the party archive laughing .Beautiful, juicy, tasty, informative! An excellent article both yours and your morning Edward!
  7. Undecim
    Undecim 6 November 2019 19: 20
    +9
    Well, in 1778, Hilpert also sculpted Frederick the Great himself on horseback

    University Museum of the History of Art and Culture (Marburg). Unfortunately, the photo is black and white.
    1. Undecim
      Undecim 6 November 2019 19: 25
      +7

      And this is a modern replica of the famous Berlin Sieland Miniaturen. By the way, it costs 649 euros.
      1. Pane Kohanku
        Pane Kohanku 7 November 2019 09: 29
        +2
        And this is a modern replica of the famous Berlin Sieland Miniaturen.

        just like the picture came off ....

        with all the ambiguity of Frederick, to go ahead of the troops, and point to himself with his hat off - boldly, very boldly. hi could have ended like General Moreau!
        1. Undecim
          Undecim 7 November 2019 10: 23
          +3
          And why did you decide that Frederick was waving his hat? I have never met a mention of such a moment.
          1. Pane Kohanku
            Pane Kohanku 7 November 2019 11: 39
            +2
            And why did you decide that Frederick was waving his hat? I have never met a mention of such a moment.

            but I don’t know, I just decided for some reason. Somehow the image of the king fits with the picture .. Do you think this is the regiment commander? hi
            1. Undecim
              Undecim 7 November 2019 11: 56
              +2
              Yes, this, in fact, is not a regiment. Frederick II, becoming king, reduced him to a battalion, he was economical and did not like excessive expenses. The battalion participated in the battle of Hohenfriedberg, commanded by Gottfried Emanuel von Einsiedel. Apparently, this is it, since it is not mentioned anywhere that under the Hohenfriedberg the grenadiers personally led the attack on Friedrich.
              1. Pane Kohanku
                Pane Kohanku 7 November 2019 12: 07
                +4
                Apparently, this is it, since it is not mentioned anywhere that under the Hohenfriedberg the grenadiers personally led the attack on Friedrich.

                here, from one picture we get the whole article! I bow, Viktor Nikolaevich! drinks
                reduced him to a battalion

                he reduced only the grenadiers, or some other units?
                In general, as far as I imagine, in the 18th century there were two troops that differed from others in their training. what At first, these were the Swedish "Caroliners", who applied an attack tactics unusual for that time, then Friedrich, who trained his soldiers in shooting almost to the point of automatism. I'm right? hi If not, develop my illusions! drinks
                1. Undecim
                  Undecim 7 November 2019 13: 20
                  +3
                  The reduction concerned only the 6th old Prussian infantry regiment (Potsdam giants) - the favorite toy of Frederick the First, where a grenadier above 1,88 meters was collected from all over Europe. Peter the First alone "gave" about 400 men. At the time of the death of Frederick the First, there were more than 3000 "giants". But Frederick II did not like the idea and he left one battalion, which existed until 1806, when they surrendered to Napoleon at Auerstedt. It's a pity, I didn't find anything in Russian about this regiment.
                  As for the Caroline infantry, in my opinion, the phenomenon is purely Swedish and was possible only due to the imperfection of the firearms of that time and religious fanaticism.
                  And to shoot the Prussians trained Frederick the First, the father of Frederick the Great. Or rather, not even Friedrich Wilhelm the First himself, but his friend Leopold the First.
                  1. Pane Kohanku
                    Pane Kohanku 7 November 2019 14: 10
                    +3
                    where grenadiers above 1,88 meters were collected from all over Europe.

                    Is it not in this unit that Mikhailo Lomonosov managed to serve? moreover, he was one of the few who escaped ... what
                    As for the Caroline infantry, in my opinion, the phenomenon is purely Swedish and was possible only due to the imperfection of the firearms of that time and religious fanaticism.

                    yes, the chaplains pumped them with sermons cleaner than the "Messiah Korres" - their female flock. fellow Viktor Nikolaevich, I read somewhere somewhere that, they say, the caroliners fought with both hands at once, in one - a sword, in the other - a gun. Is it true? There are some Shaolin monks who just didn’t jump with their heels! wink
                    1. Undecim
                      Undecim 7 November 2019 14: 29
                      +3
                      To avoid misinterpreting information, see https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Caroleans#Weaponry
                      Although it is not in Russian, the Google translator more or less allows you to catch the point.
                      But the swedish version translates the google translator into humor.
                      https://sv.wikipedia.org/wiki/Karoliner#Bev%C3%A4pningen
                      1. Pane Kohanku
                        Pane Kohanku 7 November 2019 15: 20
                        +6
                        Although it is not in Russian, the Google translator more or less allows you to catch the point.

                        Well, yes, well, yes, the peaks are "pikes". So it translates from English! request
                        But the swedish version translates the google translator into humor.

                        My friends, indeed, the Swedish version about arming the Caroliners via Google makes you laugh! drinks
                        At the beginning of the war in 1700, the girl was armed with a rooster and a guard. The musketeers were armed with bayonet and musk. The grenadiers had hand grenades, a guard, and a musk bayonet. Since the end of 1704, all musketeers have been equipped with a bayonet. Since 1696, flintlock muskets have gradually begun to replace inguinal muskets.
                        In short, each girl should be armed with a rooster and a guard! soldier and musk, just in case good
                        Laugh laugh, but recap. The main weapon for hand-to-hand combat of a musketeer of the beginning of the 18th century was a sword. Moreover, for the mass arming of the musketeers wick guns were used! This is evidenced by the French infantry textbook of 1696. there the grenadier is already with a flint fusee, while the musketeer is still with wick karamultuk. hi

                        Giffard Printing House, 1696, "French Military Art".
                        And, in fact, the massive rearmament of infantry into fusees with bayonets took place already in the turbulent beginning of the 18th century! hi
                        Pay attention to the magnificent epaulettes on the shoulders of the musketeer. In the article of the esteemed Valery Ryzhov about the murder of Peter III, there is a French picture depicting this very murder. Just all the heroes with the same epaulets plus or minus. The question is that they were not in the Russian army then, but the French painted as they used to see! drinks
                      2. Astra wild
                        Astra wild 7 November 2019 17: 50
                        +1
                        Pana Cohan, Thank you for laughing
                      3. Pane Kohanku
                        Pane Kohanku 8 November 2019 09: 36
                        +2
                        Pana Cohan, Thank you for laughing

                        So it's not me! This is Victor Nikolaevich! good he, in principle, will find any information .. which he does not know! drinks
                  2. Town Hall
                    Town Hall 7 November 2019 14: 47
                    0
                    Quote: Undecim
                    But Frederick II didn’t like the idea and he left one battalion

                    Of course I didn’t like it. The annual maintenance of this regiment cost 291.000 tellers, while a regular regiment cost 72.000.
                    From 1713 to 1735, recruiting the contents of this useless (in the military sense) regiment cost 12 million tellers. The annual income of Prussia of that period was 7 million. By the way, many of the regiment’s dates were actually ineffective. They suffered from gigantism
  8. The leader of the Redskins
    The leader of the Redskins 6 November 2019 19: 47
    +3
    Thanks. Interestingly, though ... I beg your pardon, but I was weakly "warmed", or something)) These are alien toys. Not from my childhood. Friedrich and Napoleons are wonderful, but ... Like Faberge eggs and dear, grandmother's dye. The first is more expensive, and the second is dearer)))
  9. Undecim
    Undecim 6 November 2019 20: 04
    +7
    If we already started talking about Paris and a historical miniature, then you can not ignore this is a store.

    It is easy to find it, it is located on Colette Square, which can be reached by metro, leaving at the Palais Royal - Louvre station of the first and seventh lines.
    1. Undecim
      Undecim 6 November 2019 20: 08
      +6
      Those who are engaged in collecting historical miniatures have something to see and how to replenish their collection.
      1. Undecim
        Undecim 6 November 2019 20: 15
        +5

        Theme is the most diverse.
        1. Undecim
          Undecim 6 November 2019 20: 20
          +8

          There is militarism.
          1. Undecim
            Undecim 6 November 2019 20: 23
            +6

            There are lyrics.
        2. Astra wild
          Astra wild 6 November 2019 20: 56
          +4
          V.N., I would gladly visit that store
          1. Undecim
            Undecim 6 November 2019 21: 01
            +4
            What is in the way? I described the route.
            1. Edward Vashchenko
              Edward Vashchenko 6 November 2019 21: 08
              +4
              Fine! But the soldiers and other toys 50, 60, etc., in LuLu Berlu!
            2. Astra wild
              Astra wild 6 November 2019 21: 18
              +1
              On thursday after the rain I’ll go
      2. kalibr
        6 November 2019 21: 13
        +3
        Ha, ha - something dear is heard in the long songs of the driver. But I was in this store, but could not shoot, of course. "Know, Cameras, monsieur!" And none of my admonitions and a red card helped.
        1. Undecim
          Undecim 6 November 2019 21: 17
          +5
          What is it you, Vyacheslav Olegovich, "monsieur" did not like it.
          1. kalibr
            6 November 2019 21: 25
            +3
            You saw my photo on the Web, apparently recognized as a Turk or a Syrian ... In Cyprus, recognized as a continental Greek.
            1. Undecim
              Undecim 6 November 2019 21: 27
              +7
              Wait, what kind of Turks? Well, you pass here as a Polish nobleman on grants from the White House. It was necessary to "monsieur" comments from the site.
  10. Astra wild
    Astra wild 6 November 2019 20: 41
    +4
    Vyacheslav Olegovich, and about the dolls Vas does not have materials? I was told that in Nuremberg and it seems in Italy there are wonderful collections of dolls. By eras, countries.
    Similar collections and the Madame Tuso Museum are a kind of illustrations for different eras
    1. 3x3zsave
      3x3zsave 6 November 2019 20: 52
      +1
      The wife of Vyacheslav Olegovich made dolls for her daughter. One of them, I remember, was even awarded recognition at the All-Union competition.
  11. kalibr
    6 November 2019 21: 10
    +2
    Quote: Astra wild
    Vyacheslav Olegovich, and about the dolls Vas does not have materials? I was told that in Nuremberg and it seems in Italy there are wonderful collections of dolls. By eras, countries.
    Similar collections and the Madame Tuso Museum are a kind of illustrations for different eras

    Dear Astra! I have a lot of things, including dolls. Moreover, an article on military dolls is being prepared, so ... go to VO. Find out exactly where the collections you are interested in are located. I will contact them and get interesting information for you and readers.
    1. Astra wild
      Astra wild 6 November 2019 21: 20
      +1
      You probably noticed that I often go to the site
    2. Astra wild
      Astra wild 6 November 2019 21: 21
      +1
      I would be grateful
      1. kalibr
        6 November 2019 21: 24
        +2
        Then look! I honestly just have no time. For three days I can’t write to the castle, where a wonderful collection of weapons is stored ... There is simply no time. And now I am answering you in snatches ...
        1. Astra wild
          Astra wild 7 November 2019 17: 39
          +1
          Vyacheslav Olegovich, would you tell me what and where to look for? And it turns out: "go there, I don't know where"
          1. kalibr
            7 November 2019 20: 53
            +2
            Well, where is the COLLECTION or MUSEUM that you are interested in. After all, was this about? A collection or a museum, I understand correctly? If not, explain ...
            1. Astra wild
              Astra wild 14 November 2019 19: 25
              0
              If only I knew where exactly this collection is! There is all hope for Vas Viktor Nikolaevich.
  12. kalibr
    6 November 2019 21: 16
    +4
    Quote: Phil77
    Here it is !!! Here, Vyacheslav Olegovich, here they are your topics, and you: I’ll go to the partarchive, I’ll go to the partarchive. It’s beautiful, juicy, tasty, informative! An excellent article is yours and the morning Eduard!

    Do you know how interesting it is? Living story!
  13. kalibr
    6 November 2019 21: 21
    +3
    Quote: Astra wild
    Are your tank models interesting for your granddaughter ?! Although for example I like vintage cars, there’s something in them from a work of art

    She gave me a model and I assembled it and even wrote about it in the first article. But she herself is not interested in any murder weapons. For example, she hates my novel Pareto's Law. "They kill all the time there!" "So it was a civil war!" So what? "Was it really impossible to come to an agreement?" She is still a pacifist.
  14. kalibr
    7 November 2019 08: 04
    +3
    Quote: Undecim
    It was necessary to "monsieur" comments from the site.

    Yeah...
    1. Pane Kohanku
      Pane Kohanku 7 November 2019 10: 15
      +3
      Yeah...

      but you can present an article of 2015, which one "gentleman" has forgotten, and then you will not be allowed anywhere at all! laughing
  15. Astra wild
    Astra wild 7 November 2019 17: 37
    +2
    Quote: Pan Kohanku
    So cute - looking at your wonderful communication, I want to say:
    - Madame .. I am an old marine wolf Kotyara, and I do not know words of love ... soldier drinks class! good do not quarrel!

    Let's remember: "Guys, let's live together" I hope everyone remembers where these words come from?
    1. kalibr
      7 November 2019 20: 51
      +1
      By the way, an article on your order is already being written ...
      1. Astra wild
        Astra wild 14 November 2019 19: 27
        0
        I am looking forward
  16. Wildcat
    Wildcat 8 November 2019 13: 40
    +3
    Collection of Spanish sailors:
    1. Wildcat
      Wildcat 8 November 2019 13: 48
      +2
      They are bigger:

  17. hohol95
    hohol95 28 November 2019 16: 31
    0
    Dear AUTHOR! What is a US-made Fighting Vehicle capable of overcoming the WATER BARRIER from MARCH (without additional training)!
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