Military Review

Lyudmila Pavlichenko. The most famous female sniper

58
Snipers were one of the most prominent heroes of World War II. And Soviet women snipers attracted a lot of attention to themselves both in the war years and in the postwar period. They aroused admiration of the allies and spread fear among the enemies. The most famous female sniper in the Soviet Union is Lyudmila Pavlichenko, she is also considered the most productive. On the account of Lyudmila is officially listed 309 of the destroyed soldiers and officers of the enemy. The fame of Lyudmila Pavlichenko went far beyond the borders of the USSR, the brave woman was well known in the United States and throughout the West.




The feat of brave women was actively covered in the Soviet press. The mere fact of finding fragile girls on the front line, where they risked their lives every minute, spending hours in ambushes in the heat, cold, rain and snow blizzard, evokes genuine admiration and immense respect for their feat. In total, during the years of World War II, more than two thousand Soviet women underwent special training in sniper courses and subsequently went to the front. Unfortunately, the most famous and productive female sniper in Russia stories passed away early - 27 of October 1974 of the year at the age of 58 of years. However, 45 years after her death, the memory of this brave woman is still alive.

The path of a student of the history faculty to sniper business


Lyudmila Mikhailovna Pavlichenko (nee Belova) was born in the Ukrainian city of Bila Tserkva on 29 on June 1916 of the year in a family of ordinary workers. The father of the future heroine of the war was an ordinary locksmith Mikhail Belov. During the Civil War in Russia, he supported the Bolsheviks and was able to build a prominent military career, having risen to the regimental commissar. After the end of the Civil War, he continued to serve, but already in the internal affairs bodies of the young Soviet republic. Until 14, Lyudmila lived the life of an ordinary Soviet teenager and studied at school No. 3 in her hometown, until the family moved to live in Kiev. After graduating from the 9 classes of a comprehensive school, the girl began to work, getting a job at the famous Kiev factory "Arsenal" as a grinder. At the same time as Lyudmila, she continued to study at evening school in order to receive a completed education.

In 1932, Lyudmila fell in love with Alexei Pavlichenko. The girl met her future husband at a dance. Quickly enough, the couple played a wedding, in a marriage the newlyweds had a son - Rostislav. Despite the birth of a child, the marriage soon broke up, after which Lyudmila Mikhailovna returned to live with her parents, leaving the name of her ex-husband, under which she became known throughout the world.

In 1937, the 21-year-old Lyudmila Pavlichenko decided to get higher education and successfully entered Kiev State University. Studied the future female sniper at the Faculty of History. Like many girls and boys of the 1930's, Lyudmila was engaged in sports, gliding and shooting. Glider and shooting sports in those years were especially common throughout the Soviet Union. Lyudmila was seriously fond of shooting and when visiting the shooting gallery she surprised her friends with accuracy. In one of the OSOAVIAHIM shooting galleries, they even drew attention to her, recommending snipers for admission to the Kiev school. Most likely, the father taught the girl to shoot, who fought back in the Civil War and worked in the internal affairs bodies.

Lyudmila Pavlichenko. The most famous female sniper


One way or another, Lyudmila was in no hurry to leave the university and try on a military uniform. She wanted to finish her education. Before the start of the war, Lyudmila Pavlichenko, a fourth-year student, went to the Black Sea to graduate practice at the Odessa Museum, where she was going to seriously engage in historical research. During the trip, she left her son with her parents. It was on the Black Sea coast that the news about the attack of Nazi Germany on the Soviet Union was caught by the museum work of Lyudmila. Already in the first days of the war, Lyudmila Pavlichenko, who even before the start of the war managed to take short-term courses of snipers, without thinking twice, enrolled as a volunteer at the front. Trained snipers were needed even then, so quickly enough, the newly-minted fighter of the Red Army ended up in the 25th rifle division named after Chapaev.

The combat path of Lyudmila Pavlichenko


Together with the fighters and commanders of the 25th Infantry Division, Lyudmila participated in battles in the territory of the Moldavian Autonomous Soviet Socialist Republic and in the south of Ukraine, took part in the defense of Odessa and Sevastopol. In 1941, the girls were reluctant to take the army and Lyudmila was initially planned to be recorded as a nurse, but she managed to confirm her accuracy, and besides her, there were sniper courses in Kiev behind her. The girl had initial training and natural accuracy, so she was entrusted with a sniper rifle and the opportunity to participate in real battles.

It is worth noting that already on 8 of August 1941 of the year, the Romanian troops reached the Dniester estuary, where they were temporarily stopped by the 12 Army, despite the heroic defense of the Soviet troops by the 13 of August 1941 of the year Odessa was completely surrounded by Nazis from land. As part of the Primorsky Army, the city was defended by the famous 25-I rifle division named after Chapaev. For ten weeks of fighting near Odessa, Lyudmila Pavlichenko officially chalked up 179 or 187 of Romanian and German soldiers and officers. And the girl opened the score for her well-aimed shots even at the distant approaches to Odessa, in the first battle she destroyed two Romanian soldiers in the vicinity of the town of Belyaevka.



By October 1941, the Soviet command decided that the defense of Odessa was no longer practical, from October 1 to October 16 the garrison of the city was evacuated. Approximately 86 of thousands of soldiers and officers, as well as 15 of thousands of civilians, artillery and ammunition were transported to Sevastopol, in addition, in August-September, 125 of thousands of citizens were taken out of the city. The troops exported from Odessa strengthened the garrison of Sevastopol, taking part in the heroic defense of the city. At the same time, the 25th Infantry Division was evacuated by one of the latter. The division managed to take part in repelling the first assault on Sevastopol, which ended in failure for the Nazis.

It was near Sevastopol that Lyudmila Pavlichenko officially brought the account of the killed enemies to 309 enemy soldiers and officers, among them there were 36 enemy snipers who intensified their work near the city after the front stabilized and the fighting acquired a positional character. In the battles near Sevastopol, Lyudmila suffered a severe personal shock. In December of 1941, she met junior lieutenant Alexei Kitsenko, who was also a sniper. The couple became close and struck up a relationship, snipers went on missions together. In the end, the couple filed a report to the marriage command, but fate decreed otherwise. In March 1942, during a mortar shelling of a sniper position, Kitsenko was mortally wounded, his arm was torn off by a fragment of a mortar shell. 36-year-old Alexei died in front of his beloved 4 on March 1942.

And already in early June, Pavlichenko herself was seriously injured, which saved her life. They managed to evacuate Lyudmila from the besieged city to the Caucasus, among the last wounded after the start of the next offensive by German and Romanian troops. The last assault on Sevastopol, which began on 7 on June 1942, ended for the Nazis with success. After 10 days of continuous fighting, the enemy captured a number of important artillery positions, heights and went to the approaches to the dominant height over the area - Sapun mountain. On July 1, the organized defense in Sevastopol ceased, resistance to the enemy was provided only by isolated groups and blocked garrisons. 25-I rifle division, which served as Lyudmila Pavlichenko, ceased to exist. The fall of the city became a tragic page in the history of World War II, only the highest and part of the middle command could be evacuated from Sevastopol, tens of thousands of Soviet soldiers were captured. At the same time, the troops of the invaders suffered very heavy losses under the city. During the last assault in the advanced German companies, often no more than 25 active fighters remained.


Lyudmila Pavlichenko gives a speech in London


Lyudmila Pavlichenko and Eleanor Roosevelt


After long-term treatment in the Caucasus, Lyudmila Pavlichenko was summoned to Moscow to the Main Political Administration (GPU) of the Red Army. In Moscow, they decided to make a brave woman a symbol of the fight against the invaders, and also include Lyudmila in the Soviet delegation, which will go to the UK, USA and Canada. In the West, the delegation was supposed to talk about the state of affairs on the Eastern Front, the struggle waged by the Soviet Union with Nazi Germany. It was assumed that members of the Soviet delegation would meet not only with journalists and the public of the countries, but also with politicians. This was an important propaganda and enlightenment mission, the main purpose of which was to open the eyes of the Western inhabitants, primarily Americans, to the horrors of the war that unfolded on the territory of the Soviet Union.

It was in the United States at one of the speeches that Pavlichenko uttered a phrase that went down in history. Addressing American viewers, Lyudmila said:
“I am 25 years old; at the front, I managed to destroy the 309 fascist invaders. Do you not think, gentlemen, that you have been hiding behind my back for too long? ”


The hall after this phrase first froze, and then exploded with a standing ovation. The trip was very successful, much was written about the Soviet heroes in the newspapers, and journalists competed in the epithets awarded to Lyudmila Pavlichenko. In the Western press she was called "Miss Colt", "Bolshevik Valkyrie" and "Lady Death". It was recognition and world fame, while many Americans took a fresh look at the war in the Soviet Union, about which before that they had very distant ideas.


Members of the USSR delegation: Senior Lieutenant V.N. Pchelintsev, junior lieutenant L.M. Pavlichenko and Secretary of the Komsomol Committee of the Komsomol N.P. Krasavchenko in Washington, 1942 year


During a trip to the United States, Lyudmila Pavlichenko, who knew English well, met the wife of American President Eleanor Roosevelt and even lived for some time in the White House. The first lady and the most famous Soviet woman sniper became real friends and carried this friendship through their whole lives. Despite the fact that they lived in different countries, which after the end of the war again became irreconcilable ideological opponents within the framework of the outbreak of the Cold War, they maintained friendly relations and corresponded with each other for a long time. In 1957, they met again in Moscow during the visit of Eleanor Roosevelt to the USSR.

Feat is not measured by the score of killed enemies


Today there is a lot of discussion about whether Lyudmila Pavlichenko really wrote down 309 killed enemy soldiers and officers at her own expense. Indirect evidence casts doubt on this figure, since in 1941 the soldiers and officers of the Red Army were presented to government medals and for lesser exploits, at the same time Pavlichenko received the first award only on 24 on April 1942 of the year - it was a medal for military merit. And already after the evacuation from Sevastopol, she was introduced to the Order of Lenin. The title Hero of the Soviet Union, the famous female sniper was awarded in October 1943 years, after almost 1,5 years, as the fighting near Sevastopol died down. At the same time, they were represented for the similar rank of Soviet snipers for much lesser merits.

The debate about the number of Nazis killed by Pavlichenko will continue. But it is clear that this brave woman deserves all-round respect, regardless of what kind of image Soviet and then Western propaganda made of her during the war. This work during the difficult war years was also of great importance for victory; the country needed heroes and leaders whom it was possible to follow, and which it was possible to equal.


Lyudmila Pavlichenko in Odessa, 1971 year


Regardless of the number of enemies killed, Pavlichenko earned her fame and fame for the courage and courage shown at the front during the very difficult battles of the 1941-1942 for the entire Red Army. The brave girl voluntarily went to the front in the 1941 year, which in itself was already a serious challenge, in the 1941 year women were taken into the army in almost exceptional cases, especially in combat units. Lyudmila Pavlichenko with honor carried out heavy battles on her fragile shoulders during the defense of Odessa and Sevastopol and never sat out in the rear. During her time at the front, she was seriously shocked four times and was injured three times. The wounds, concussions and severe trials that fell to her lot led to the early death of Lyudmila - at the age of only 58 years. Today we can only bow to the courage, courage, self-sacrifice of this woman, who in the difficult time of the country took on her fragile shoulders the task of protecting our Motherland and did everything in her power to bring victory over the enemy closer.

Everlasting memory.
Author:
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  1. Aerodrome
    Aerodrome 28 October 2019 05: 47
    -1
    the article is called "boyan" .. on VO for the tenth time probably ... March 8, 2013 ... August 12 2016,13, December 2014,24, 2015, April XNUMX, XNUMX .... and so on. it is necessary to tell it in schools, and write essays, but on VO the same post why?
    1. elenagromova
      elenagromova 28 October 2019 05: 48
      +5
      And each article is different, each with different accents.
      1. 210ox
        210ox 28 October 2019 06: 19
        +23
        What for? What would you remember ... A low bow to all veterans and participants of the Great Patriotic War .. About the film, where a girl - a sniper, "Battle for Sevastopol" appears .... I did not like it. However, like the vast majority of modern films about that war.
        1. raw174
          raw174 28 October 2019 11: 49
          +4
          Quote: 210ox
          About the film, which featured a girl - a sniper, "Battle for Sevastopol" .... I did not like it.

          And I liked it, yes the film, like all modern ones, is different from the good Soviet classics (which I love and respect), but the times are different, the requests are different, and the film as a whole is correct.
        2. neri73-r
          neri73-r 28 October 2019 12: 53
          +2
          Quote: 210ox
          About the film, which features a girl - a sniper, "Battle for Sevastopol" .... I did not like it. However, like the vast majority of modern films about that war.

          You just compare it with reality, with a real war, and if you make a film very close to reality, it will not have box office. Alas, capitalism.
          1. 210ox
            210ox 28 October 2019 17: 08
            +6
            Alas ... But at one time we went to films about the war in classes. Such films can be filmed at the expense of the state. And to drive the younger generation on them .. So that fewer organisms would fry sausages on the Eternal Flame and there would be no "Kol from Urengoy" ..
            1. neri73-r
              neri73-r 28 October 2019 17: 11
              0
              Quote: 210ox
              Alas ... But at one time we went to films about the war in classes. Such films can be filmed at the expense of the state. And to drive the younger generation on them .. So that fewer organisms would fry sausages on the Eternal Flame and there would be no "Kol from Urengoy" ..

              In general, yes, but looking at what films, I have not very positive emotions from "Come and See", although it was not small already.
              1. 210ox
                210ox 28 October 2019 17: 19
                +4
                And what emotions about human grief and death can be ... Boys went in the Smolensk forests to pick mushrooms. Sometimes you stumble upon a forest burned down by a forest .. The remains of furnaces .. But then thirty years have already passed .. However, people lived in the war. After all, this modern film is largely dedicated to life. Most of it shows the relationship with the girl’s men.
                1. tihonmarine
                  tihonmarine 29 October 2019 09: 16
                  +3
                  Quote: 210ox
                  The boys went in the Smolensk forests to pick mushrooms. Sometimes you come across a forest burned down village ..

                  Burning Smolensk and burning Rostov, burning Russian huts ... my long-suffering Smolensk region. And these girls, children began to sweep away "civilized animals" from the face of our earth.
            2. Reptiloid
              Reptiloid 29 October 2019 12: 40
              +1
              Mom told me when the SHIELD AND SWORD appeared - there were no tickets to buy. They escaped from lessons several times, only once they managed to sneak into the Vyborgsky cinema from the "exit", when the lights had already gone out, they sat on the floor, hiding from the attendant.
              Quote: 210ox
              Alas ... But at one time we went to films about the war in classes. Such films can be filmed at the expense of the state. And to drive the younger generation on them .. So that fewer organisms would fry sausages on the Eternal Flame and there would be no "Kol from Urengoy" ..
      2. Aerodrome
        Aerodrome 28 October 2019 06: 21
        -4
        Quote: elenagromova
        And each article is different, each with different accents.

        no no no...! Elena, with all due respect, they are all the same, just "written", sorry ... made up of general facts, by different "people". it's like "essays" from the Internet tyrit ... changed paragraphs, and go ... excuse me, I think so.
        1. elenagromova
          elenagromova 28 October 2019 06: 24
          +8
          The style is different for everyone. Yes, this is not the most important thing. Anniversaries are new every time and we need to talk about it. And it’s absurd that once in some media there was an article about a hero or a historical person, then this media cannot tell about him (her) again.
          Where do teachers get their information from? From the same media. Including from this site. Those articles are already difficult to "dig out", but here is a new one. They will see, maybe they will instruct the students to write an essay. And less will be "Kohl from Urengoy".
          1. Aerodrome
            Aerodrome 28 October 2019 06: 48
            +1
            Quote: elenagromova
            The style is different for everyone. Yes, this is not the most important thing. Anniversaries are new every time and we need to talk about it. And it’s absurd that once in some media there was an article about a hero or a historical person, then this media cannot tell about him (her) again.
            Where do teachers get their information from? From the same media. Including from this site. Those articles are already difficult to "dig out", but here is a new one. They will see, maybe they will instruct the students to write an essay. And less will be "Kohl from Urengoy".

            I doubt that teachers read VO. here people are mostly adults, and very adults, connected with the troops one way or another, and they already know all this. These articles are needed, I do not argue, but the information field needs a slightly different one. I would not say anything, otherwise. Do not be angry, I am not at all against recalling Heroes, but there are a lot of them, and articles about the same ones. request
            1. elenagromova
              elenagromova 28 October 2019 06: 54
              +7
              Read, read. Different categories of people read. Here I am women heroes are not even indifferent. But there would be no article - maybe I didn’t remember if I hadn’t specifically looked for it. It is impossible to keep all dates in mind. And then reminded. And even if you or someone else has a phenomenal memory - not everyone has it.
              And according to this logic, it turns out that if an article about someone is already on the site, then no one else dares to write about this person. But this is absurd. And if all the media do this, that’s unconsciousness.
              1. Reptiloid
                Reptiloid 29 October 2019 12: 31
                +1
                I fully support, Elena!
                New readers come, let them read. You can also say about old readers ---- anyway, do not have time to read everything, and even on time. It happens that I discover that someone writes about replays, but I didn’t read the previous one.
                After the first groove here I read this topic, about women snipers, I bought a book, I read it. Nevertheless, I always read it again if I see it. It would be nice to be able to retell such articles as best as possible.
                Quote: elenagromova
                Read, read. Different categories of people read. Here I am women heroes are not even indifferent. But there would be no article - maybe I didn’t remember if I hadn’t specifically looked for it. It is impossible to keep all dates in mind. And then reminded. And even if you or someone else has a phenomenal memory - not everyone has it.
                And according to this logic, it turns out that if an article about someone is already on the site, then no one else dares to write about this person. But this is absurd. And if all the media do this, that’s unconsciousness.
            2. Vadim T.
              Vadim T. 29 October 2019 14: 26
              +1
              [i] [/ i] Quote: I doubt that teachers read VO.
              In vain doubt. And in vain think so about teachers. Personally, I read everything that is published on VO, seven years already, if not more. And by profession - a school history teacher. 30 years already ...
          2. tihonmarine
            tihonmarine 28 October 2019 12: 02
            +4
            Quote: elenagromova
            They will see, maybe they will instruct the students to write an essay. And there will be less "Kol from Urengoy".

            You're right ! You can and should write about heroes more than once or twice, they deserve it by shedding blood and giving their lives. If we forget them, then what will our grandchildren know and remember.
            1. cost
              cost 28 October 2019 23: 17
              +6
              The most productive women snipers of the Second World War:
              Lyudmila Pavlichenko - destroyed 309 enemies
              Olga Vasilyeva - destroyed 185 enemies.
              Natalya Kovshova - destroyed 167 enemies
              Tari Vutchinnik - destroyed 155 enemies
              Ekaterina Zhdanova - destroyed 155 enemies
              Genya Peretyatko - destroyed 148 enemies
              Maria Polivanova - destroyed 140 enemies
              Inna Mudretsova - destroyed 138 enemies
              Ziba Ganieva - destroyed 129 enemies.
              Nina Petrova - Destroyed 122 Enemies
              Tatyana Kostyrina - destroyed 120 enemies.
              Olga Bordashevskaya - destroyed 108 enemies.
              Natalya Sapyan - Destroyed 102 Enemies
              Vera Petrovskaya- destroyed 100 enemies
              Nina Kovalenko - destroyed 100 enemies
              Elizabeth Mironova - destroyed 100 enemies
              Valentina Ukraintseva- destroyed the enemy 94.
              Aliya Moldagulova - destroyed 91 of the enemy.
              Nina Lobkovskaya - destroyed 89 enemies
              Vera Artamonova (Danilovtseva) - destroyed 89 enemies
              Antonina Boltaeva (Vyatkina) - destroyed 87 enemies
              Maria Koshkina (Tkalich) - destroyed 85 enemies
              Lyubov Makarova - destroyed 84 enemy
              Tatyana Konstantinova - destroyed 84 of the enemy
              Maria Zubchenko (Solovyova) - destroyed 83 of the enemy
              Alexandra Vinogradova (Mikhailova) - destroyed 83 of the enemy
              Tatyana Chernova - destroyed 81 enemy
              Julia Belousova - destroyed 80 enemies
              Claudia Marinkina (Fedoseeva) - destroyed 79 enemies
              Nina Belobrova (Mironova) - destroyed 79 enemies.
              Lydia Gudovantseva - destroyed 76 enemies.
              Lydia Onyanova - destroyed 76 enemies.
              Taisiya Maksimova - destroyed 76 enemies
              Maria Morozova - destroyed 75 enemies
              Rosa Shanina - destroyed 75 enemies.
              Alexander Medvedev (Samonosov) - destroyed 70 enemies
              Olga Marenkina (Yakusheva) - destroyed 70 enemies
              Nina Dyomina (Isaeva) - destroyed about 70 enemies
              Alexandra Shlyakhova - destroyed 69 enemies.
              Evgenia Makeeva - destroyed 68 enemies
              Ekaterina Golovakha - destroyed 67 enemies
              Claudia Dunaeva - destroyed 67 enemies
              Polina Krestyaninova- destroyed 65 enemies
              Nina Obukhovskaya - destroyed 64
              Anna Nosova- destroyed 62 enemies
        2. 210ox
          210ox 28 October 2019 06: 41
          +10
          What do you find fault with the article? But aren’t you afraid of the article (several times every day) about Ukraine?
      3. Amurets
        Amurets 28 October 2019 06: 47
        +6
        Quote: elenagromova
        And each article is different, each with different accents.

        There is a very interesting book by Alla Begunova "A Single Shot" about the life and combat path of Lyudmila Pavlichenko. And Viktor Pchelintsev, a member of the delegation, wrote well about the visit of our youth delegation to the United States and England in his book "Special Mission".
      4. tihonmarine
        tihonmarine 28 October 2019 11: 54
        +5
        Quote: elenagromova
        And each article is different, each with different accents.

        Yes, whatever accents
        “I am 25 years old; at the front, I managed to destroy the 309 fascist invaders. Do you not think, gentlemen, that you have been hiding behind my back for too long? ”
        Glory to the heroic, our Soviet woman, who shouldered our male work on her female shoulders!
    2. raw174
      raw174 28 October 2019 11: 46
      +4
      Quote: Aerodrome
      , and in the same thing to post why?

      This is the first time I read about L. Pavlichenko on this site (of course, I read it in other sources). It is necessary from time to time to remind of heroes whose feat is invaluable, whose life is a feat! Thanks to the author. There are dozens and hundreds of heroes in our history, it is necessary to write and make a film about everyone. This is necessary not for them, not for the fallen, not dead, not for the heroes, it is necessary for us, and first of all, FOR OUR DESCENTS, CHILDREN!
    3. Sibiriya
      Sibiriya 28 October 2019 16: 08
      +3
      the article is called "boyan" .. on VO for the tenth time probably ... March 8, 2013 ... August 12 2016,13, December 2014,24, 2015, April XNUMX, XNUMX .... and so on. it is necessary to tell it in schools, and write essays, but on VO the same post why?

      To remember.
  2. elenagromova
    elenagromova 28 October 2019 06: 02
    +13
    45 years ago she passed away. Somehow I even hurt the comment that, they say, you do not need to remember every time about the heroine. Gotta ...
    1. Aerodrome
      Aerodrome 28 October 2019 06: 25
      -4
      Quote: elenagromova
      45 years ago she passed away. Somehow I even hurt the comment that, they say, you do not need to remember every time about the heroine. Gotta ...

      Sorry to hurt ... but endlessly, on a military site, the same thing ... I even already know the dates, but why don't you write about legless pilots? these are our people, and they are also heroes. Yes, Alexey Maresyev is also from those years, but there are modern ones too! why nothing about them? Grasp the theme Elena! hi
      1. elenagromova
        elenagromova 28 October 2019 06: 29
        +8
        Yeah, I’ll write about Maresyev - will you also blame me, as this author?
        But it is possible that I’ll write on the next anniversary. Or someone else will write.
        What if Pravda had written about Zoya only once or twice?
        1. Aerodrome
          Aerodrome 28 October 2019 06: 50
          -5
          Quote: elenagromova
          Yeah, I’ll write about Maresyev - will you also blame me, as this author?

          you inattentively read my koment.
          1. elenagromova
            elenagromova 28 October 2019 07: 02
            +8
            Carefully, carefully. And yet I reserve the right to write, including about Maresyev. This does not mean that I will definitely write, but I have the right. Just like this author had the right to write about Pavlichenko, despite the fact that they had already written several years ago. Just like on every anniversary they remember about the House of Soviets, about "Kursk", and about Beslan ... It couldn't be otherwise
            1. Amurets
              Amurets 28 October 2019 09: 15
              +3
              Quote: elenagromova
              Nevertheless, I reserve the right to write, including about Maresyev.

              Elena, this is the author’s right, I agree and support you. It’s just now very difficult to find an interesting topic. And to collect material on this topic so that there is a good volume and it is interesting to read.
    2. tihonmarine
      tihonmarine 28 October 2019 11: 56
      +3
      Quote: elenagromova
      Somehow I even hurt the comment that, they say, you do not need to remember every time about the heroine. I have to ..

      And who then, if not those like her?
      1. L-39NG
        L-39NG 28 October 2019 21: 25
        +1
        You can remember such women snipers as Lyudmila Mikhailovna Pavlichenko, Rosa Yegorovna Shanina (this is not America for you and "Saving Private Ryan", out of the four Shanin children who went to the front, no one returned alive.) Maria Lyalkova (Czech Marie Ljalková ), nee Petrushakova (Czech Petrušáková), after the second marriage of Lastovecka (Czech Lastovecká; December 3, 1920 - November 7, 2011) - Czech sniper, participant of the Great Patriotic War. Colonel.
        1. Avior
          Avior 30 October 2019 01: 51
          +1
          Roza Yegorovna Shanina (this is not America and not "Saving Private Ryan," of the four Shanins' children who went to the front, no one returned alive.)


          1. Rosa Shanina, 20 years old, was wounded, was hospitalized, where she died from her wounds on January 28, 1945.
          2. Brother Rosa, Major Sergei Shanin, 34, intelligence chief of a sabotage group of a partisan brigade, executed on February 3, 1945, 6 days after the death of his sister.
          3. Mikhail Shanin, 19 years old, machine gunner of the 137th Infantry Regiment, died on December 22, 1941 in the battle of Malaya.
          4. Fedor Shanin, 23 years old, died in Kerch in December 1942, an artilleryman of the 25th Chapaev Division, the same one where Lyudmila Pavlichenko served.
          Yes, life is not a movie
          hi
  3. Jerk
    Jerk 28 October 2019 06: 11
    +7

    Original photo))) Actually, she was rumored to be clearly right-handed ...
    1. Looking for
      Looking for 28 October 2019 16: 08
      -1
      with this retention of the rifle, it will only get into milk.
      1. Avior
        Avior 30 October 2019 02: 16
        +1
        obviously the photo is staged.
        Do you think she took a photographer for a sniper position?
      2. Sadam
        Sadam 30 October 2019 07: 05
        0
        I really didn’t see the details from the article and comments - a good magnum cartridge is seen in the store, but as I recall, the sight was constant for 4 times - this is 400 m in a saucer ... would it be interesting to use this shooting technique? did they hang up their cartridge? or just waiting for starvation ...
        of course her big plus by default
  4. Olgovich
    Olgovich 28 October 2019 07: 44
    +1
    Together with the soldiers and commanders of the 25th Infantry Division, Lyudmila participated in battles on the territory of Moldavian ASSR

    Since 1940, this did not exist: the Moldavian SSR was created.
    at the same time, Pavlichenko received the first award only on April 24, 1942 - it was the medal “For Military Merit”. And already after the evacuation from Sevastopol, she was introduced to the Order of Lenin. The title of Hero of the Soviet Union, the distinguished woman sniper was awarded in October 1943, after almost 1,5 years as the fighting near Sevastopol. At the same time, they were represented for the similar rank of Soviet snipers for much lesser merits.

    her mother was a noblewoman. The fate of the father who served in the NKVD is unknown ...
    During her time at the front, she was seriously shocked four times and was injured three times.

    A serious injury to the liver caused an early death ...

    A worthy woman and a real soldier. hi

    And the granddaughter emigrated to Greece ...
    1. cost
      cost 28 October 2019 23: 42
      +5

      On January 28 of 1945, Roza Shanina died - a woman sniper, whose merits to the Motherland can hardly be overestimated -75 of killed soldiers and enemy officers, 12 of them were snipers
      Ten days before her death, she wrote in her diary: “I sit and think about the glory that has fallen on me. how those I know look at this illustration ... I know I have done so little so far ... I did no more than I was obliged as a Soviet person to defend the Motherland ... "

      Four members of the Shanin family left, volunteered for the front, no one returned alive.
      Everlasting memory
      1. Olgovich
        Olgovich 29 October 2019 10: 13
        +1
        Quote: Rich
        On January 28 of 1945, Roza Shanina died - a woman sniper, whose merits to the Motherland can hardly be overestimated -75 of killed soldiers and enemy officers, 12 of them were snipers
        Ten days before her death, she wrote in her diary: “I sit and think about the glory that has fallen on me. I was named the best sniper in the newspaper“ Krasnaya Zvezda ”, and“ Ogonyok ”put my portrait on the first page. It's strange even to imagine, as those whom I know look at this illustration ... I know that I have done so little so far ... I have done no more than I am obliged as a Soviet person to defend the Motherland ... "

        Thank you, Dmitry for the reminder: I knew about her, but did not read the lines from the diary: this is something unusual.

        It's a pity, infinitely sorry.....
      2. Avior
        Avior 30 October 2019 01: 55
        +2
        Rosa’s elder brother, Major Sergei Shanin, the last surviving Shanin, was executed on February 3, 1945, 6 days after his sister’s death.
    2. Avior
      Avior 30 October 2019 02: 00
      0
      her mother was a noblewoman. The fate of the father who served in the NKVD is unknown

      I don’t think it mattered.
      if it had, then she would never have been sent to the International Student Congress in Washington.
      Especially on a long trip to the States in order to raise money for defense.
      1. Olgovich
        Olgovich 30 October 2019 10: 24
        +1
        Quote: Avior
        if it had, then she would never have been sent to the International Student Congress in Washington.
        Especially on a long trip to the United States with the goal of raising money for defense.

        This is another compote: when pressed, they forgot about it: remember the academicians Keldysh, Aleksandov and Semenov (both White Guards)
        1. Avior
          Avior 30 October 2019 10: 30
          0
          Traveling abroad was more difficult.
          You never know what she could say there because of her noble birth.
          Therefore, if it was believed that this made sense in relation to her, then they would not have let them go abroad, they would have found another candidate.
          Why it was not awarded, except for the not very significant medal, its origin does not explain.
          She received the first order only when they decided to send her to the States. Not a Star, mind you, although formally it is quite consistent.
  5. SERGEY SERGEEVICS
    SERGEY SERGEEVICS 28 October 2019 08: 31
    +3
    The real Hero, whom the soldiers of that country, which conquered almost all of Europe, feared and respected. Eternal memory to her!
    1. igordok
      igordok 28 October 2019 10: 03
      +3
      About the quantity.
      An ass is considered to have destroyed 3-5 opponents, peers.
      The war will end at the moment when EVERY soldier kills, even ONE enemy soldier.
      1. SERGEY SERGEEVICS
        SERGEY SERGEEVICS 28 October 2019 10: 25
        +1
        An ass is considered to have destroyed 3-5 opponents, peers.
        And she has this amount exceeded at times.
        The war will end at the moment when EVERY soldier kills, even ONE enemy soldier.
        Thanks to such Heroes, this war ended.
    2. Fan-fan
      Fan-fan 28 October 2019 10: 13
      +2
      Here above someone started a completely useless conversation about the fact that too often articles appear about our heroes, they say once they have written and that's enough. This is fundamentally wrong and even harmful, since such articles correctly educate our youth. Therefore, it is possible and necessary to repeat, and there are more articles about heroes, not so many of us, real heroes. And the suspicion that she destroyed the enemies less than stated is not important, the very fact of her voluntary participation in the war on the very front line is important, her courage and the wounds received are important.
      1. SERGEY SERGEEVICS
        SERGEY SERGEEVICS 28 October 2019 10: 23
        +2
        If you decide to find out my opinion on the matter, then I will tell it to you. The more there will be such articles, the better it will affect and be safely reflected in public. We need to write more and more about Heroes so that young people know them in person and directly about their exploits. And I would like to know more about the Heroic exploits of our soldiers in Chechnya and Yugoslavia.
      2. Pedrodepackes
        Pedrodepackes 28 October 2019 15: 57
        -3
        Quote: Fan-Fan
        someone started a completely useless conversation about the fact that too often articles appear about our heroes

        you didn’t understand completely the message of this conversation, but it was an article that was written superficially.
        Quote: Fan-Fan
        and articles about heroes need more, not so many of us, real heroes.
        again you are mistaken, in such a great war there were a lot of heroes, only they made some heroes, while others remained in oblivion, someone got in the way of the fifth column, someone was born or sins of youth. Therefore, you also divide the heroes into "real" and others. The mistake of Soviet ideology lies precisely in the fact that having singled out several heroes (this is not sarcasm) from many according to personal data, once again refining their biography, they turned their life and feat into a popular print, which simply disappeared from endless repetition from high stands. And this is used by many figures from history, the very ones who are now looking for signs of mental abnormality in Zoya Kosmodemyanskaya, find out whether Alexander Matrosov could physically lie on the embrasure, and people begin to discuss it. This is what I mean, you need to write a lot about the heroes, but do not get hung up on a few "approved by the ideological department of the CPSU", namely, remember each by name, as it sounds in calls on Victory Day and, most importantly, not try to fake their biography, exploits committed by all former criminals, and people of noble origin, and workers from the machine, and peasants from the plow, this is what united the Soviet people and ultimately helped them win the war, sacrificing millions of their compatriots.
      3. Phil77
        Phil77 28 October 2019 17: 50
        +1
        Good evening everyone! I agree that there are no many articles about heroes. They are worthy of living in our memory. That's where I come to what I want to write about. Not so long ago there were two articles dedicated to the traitor Vlasov. Question: How many know him namesake Hero of the Soviet Union Major Vlasov Nikolai Ivanovich, who was burnt alive in Nazi captivity? There were no articles about him on the site.
  6. Antares
    Antares 28 October 2019 10: 26
    +4
    This organization made a huge contribution to the organization of future resistance and Victory.
    Osoaviahim - Society for the Promotion of Defense, Aircraft and Chemical Construction. In his schools, flying clubs, courses, young men and women learned to drive cars, fly gliders and planes, own weapons, and studied radio business ...
    Once, walking with fellow students in the Shevchenko park, Lyudmila (at that time a student of the history department of Kiev University) looked into the shooting range to shoot from a small-caliber rifle. When the guys fired back, the elderly owner of the shooting range asked whose fourth target. “Mine,” Luda said confusedly. She had not yet seen her results and was afraid that she would be scolded. “For excellent shooting, Osoaviahim rewards you with the right to make an additional free shot!” - said the man and handed the cartridge to the girl. Luda again hit almost the top ten. Soon she became a student of the Kiev school of snipers Osoaviahima. The senior instructor of the school was the same shooting officer - Alexander Vladimirovich Potapov, a former non-commissioned officer of the Life Guards of the Jaeger Regiment of the tsarist army, and during the years of the Civil War - the red commander, who was fired from service after being seriously wounded.
    Alexander Potapov turned out to be a good teacher. He taught Luda and her comrades how to move correctly on the battlefield, disguise themselves, watch for hours the enemy, who also knows how to be invisible, how to detect the enemy by the smallest changes in the situation, terrain, how to remember all the details. To do this, he forced the girls and boys to observe, for example, the construction site, and then tell how many workers there were, who did what, what they did in a day. After such a tiring lesson, Potapov went with his wards to the forest, to Pushcha Voditsa, where the cadets practiced shooting. Once a teacher showed the students an amazing trick. It is called “knock the bottom of the bottle.” He put a bottle of lemonade on the stump so that the neck opening looked at the shooter, and shot from a fairly decent distance from a regular Mosin rifle of 1891/1930 model. The bullet went through the hole and knocked out the bottom of the bottle so that the bottle itself remained intact. Pavlichenko soon also learned to repeat this trick.
    She devoted her work in Odessa to the study of Bohdan Khmelnitsky
    She then had a 9 year old son from a handsome man (first husband). He was literally (most likely) forced to marry the one from whom she became pregnant (from which the marriage later broke up)
    Her father is in the NKVD. The guy had nothing to do. But the essence remained the same and they parted.
    That's what Olgovich wrote about
    The family tried not to advertise the fact that Lyudmila's mother, from a noble family, was a highly educated woman, instilled in her daughter a love of knowledge and foreign languages. In fact, it was the grandmother who raised her grandson, the son of Luda, in whom she did not look for souls.
    She did not have time to change her last name, but the war did not.
    As for weapons
    The commander of the Primorsky Army, General Ivan Efimovich Petrov, presented Ludmila with an inscribed semi-automatic rifle SVT-40 (Tokarev self-loading rifle) with an optical sight. She had a store for ten rounds, it was not necessary to distort the bolt after each shot, which allowed to significantly increase the rate of fire. With this rifle we see Pavlichenko in most newspaper photographs. But on combat exits, Lyudmila and other experienced snipers took the good old “three-ruler” - simpler and more reliable, with greater lethal force. These weapons were not afraid of sand and dirt that got into the mechanism.
    She reached the rank of major. She taught tactics of conducting sniper fire in military schools. After the discharge, she switched to public work: she was a member of the presidium of the Committee of Soviet Women and the Soviet Peace Committee.
    Everyday life of a sniper in memories
    https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=v_mBFvx5pUE
  7. Wildcat
    Wildcat 28 October 2019 11: 29
    +6
    Good old song - "Miss Pavlyuchenko" - "3 hundred Nazis killed with your rifle" wink :

    Good listening on Monday morning!
    1. Wildcat
      Wildcat 28 October 2019 11: 44
      +3
      hi
      I apologize for the mistake, Pavlichenko, of course!
      1. Catfish
        Catfish 28 October 2019 14: 40
        +2
        Thanks for the song, colleague. smile I never imagined that the Americans would be so "fed up" by our girl that they would write a song about her.
        And she is more than worthy!
  8. Wildcat
    Wildcat 28 October 2019 11: 37
    +4
    And this book of L. Pavlichenko is very good, if there is no time to read it in its entirety - it can be read perfectly even in parts:
    https://e-libra.ru/read/494108-ya-snayper-v-boyah-za-sevastopol-i-odessu.html
    The film "Battle for Sevastopol" is by the way not bad, but I will not give a link, Yandex will help! wink
  9. Avior
    Avior 30 October 2019 02: 13
    +2
    Members of the USSR delegation: Senior Lieutenant V.N. Pchelintsev, junior lieutenant L.M. Pavlichenko and Secretary of the Komsomol Committee of the Komsomol N.P. Krasavchenko in Washington, 1942 year

    About the trip Pchelintsev wrote a book- Special Mission
    http://militera.lib.ru/memo/russian/pchelintsev_vn/index.html
  10. Gorbunov Artem
    Gorbunov Artem 31 October 2019 13: 39
    0
    Some comments on this article are reminiscent of bone dancing. Of course the article is about one person, but it's time to learn to read between the lines again. My both are great maternal great-grandfathers. Killed on the Kursk. One private, the second company. And reading the article, I recall the obelisk with the names of soldiers, from among whom my personal heroes are. So with this article, about the personal feat written by one person, and the feat of the people
  11. mixas55
    mixas55 24 November 2019 04: 23
    0
    Quote: Avior
    Rosa’s elder brother, Major Sergei Shanin, the last surviving Shanin, was executed on February 3, 1945, 6 days after his sister’s death.

    So I would have written completely, for which they shot. And for what the first time was judged.