Military Review

Hot August 1914

29
So the war has begun (About Russia and the Russian front of the First World War. On the threshold of thunderstorms).


Hot August 1914

Grand Duke Nikolai Nikolaevich (younger)


With the outbreak of war, Russia launched two fronts: North-West and South-West. The military operations of the East Prussian operation of the troops of the North-Western Front (4 of August - 1 of September) began. The supreme commander-in-chief of the cavalry led. Prince Nikolai Nikolaevich (the Younger) decided even before the end of the mobilization and concentration of troops on the border with Germany to begin military operations - helping the allies on the Western Front.

The North-Western Front (commander-in-chief of the cavalry Ya. G. Zhilinsky) had two armies. The 1 Army (commander of the infantry general P.-G.K. Rennenkampf) was ordered to advance around the Masurian Lakes from the north, cutting off enemy troops from the capital of East Prussia - Koenigsberg and the lower reaches of the river. Vistula The 2 Army (commander of the cavalry general A.V. Samsonov) was tasked to advance around the Masurian Lakes from the west, preventing the enemy from leaving the Vistula. Thus, the idea of ​​the operation was to cover the enemy grouping from both flanks.

During the deployment of the main forces, a curtain of cavalry formations and units was exhibited along the borders. The first clash between our troops and the enemy in this war took place on the border with East Prussia, near places. Love. Here at one of the sentinel patrols were 5 Cossacks of the 3 Don Cossack Regiment - the ordering K.F. Kryuchkov and 4 privates. On the morning of 30 July, local peasants reported that they had seen an enemy detachment of three dozen lancers. Kryuchkov decided to intercept them and capture them - to ride along the border, push the Germans away from it and drive them into the Russian rear. Three Cossacks, led by Kryuchkov, went to the place where the enemy was discovered, and the fifth carried a report to his regiment about his appearance.


K. Kryuchkov


Seeing the Germans, the Cossacks began to pursue them until they pressed them to the swamp. Then the Germans turned back and rushed into a frontal attack. The Cossacks dismounted and opened fire. The Germans began to leave, and the Cossacks pursued them for several kilometers and, catching up, opened fire. Meanwhile, the enemy realized that there were few Cossacks, and rushed to them in a new attack. During this shootout, an officer, the commander of an enemy detachment, was hit by a bullet, which, however, did not stop the enemy. The Cossacks had to retreat. The Germans caught up with one of them and began to stab him with peaks. The other three returned to help out a comrade: Kryuchkov fought immediately with three lancers, the remaining Cossacks also attacked the enemy.

Soon, about a dozen Germans rushed to Kryuchkov. One of them tried to cut down the Cossack with a broadsword, he repulsed the blow, but was wounded in the arm. Then, having thrown the rifle, he grabbed his saber with a bleeding hand and cut down the German. But the number of enemies increased, and they, taking Kryuchkov in a tight ring, tried to knock him off the horse with spades. Then the Cossack, having contemplated, pulled out a pike from the lancer, began to fight off it and stab the enemy. As a result, he managed to break the ring and escape from the enemy. Three of his comrades fought off the Germans. 14 killed Germans remained on the battlefield, 11 of which accounted for Kryuchkov. He himself received 16 puncture wounds with a spade and a right hand wound with a broadsword, and the rest of the Cossacks were wounded. All of them were sent to the infirmary. The commander of the 1 Army Rennenkampf personally awarded Kryuchkov the St. George Cross of the 4 degree for No. 1. A simple Don Cossack became the first St. George cavalier of the First World War (For more on this, see: Cossack dictionary-reference book. In 3, vol. M., 1992. (Reproduction reproduction, ed. 1968, San Anselmo, California, USA); Korolev VN Stary Veshki: A Tale of Cossacks. Rostov n / a, 1991.).


K. Kryuchkov and the Germans


The offensive of the 1-th Russian army began on August 4 by the invasion of East Prussia. In a three-day period, the Rennenkampf army inflicted a serious defeat on the enemy forces at Stallupenen and in the Gumbinen-Goldap battle. However, then the army actually stomped on the spot - its further offensive was carried out slowly and not towards joining Samsonov’s 2 army, but towards Koenigsberg. Taking advantage of the gap that had developed between the Russian armies and knowing from our intercepted radiograms about their plan of action, the German command directed almost all the forces of its 2 army against the 8th Russian army.

It should be noted that the initial success of the Rennenkampf army so stunned the enemy that he removed from the Western (French) front and sent two corps and one cavalry division to East Prussia. As a result of the 13 - 15 fights of August, German troops drove away the flanking corps of the 2 Army, and then surrounded and defeated its central group east of Neidenburg. The remaining forces of the 2 Army of Samsonov withdrew beyond the river. Narew, the commander shot himself. 24 of August - 2 of September, the Germans inflicted several attacks on the 1-th Russian army and drove it to the Middle Neman. However, despite the unsuccessful outcome, the East Prussian operation had important strategic results: the enemy withdrew troops from the Western Front, thereby greatly facilitating the position of France in the decisive days of the battle on the Marne, and ultimately was defeated in it.



I will add: the scale of the losses of Samsonov’s army was greatly overestimated by German propaganda.In reality, about 6 thousand were killed and about 20 thousand people were killed in battles in East Prussia, up to 30 thousand were captured, and over 20 thousand escaped from encirclement. The most severe losses were suffered by the XIII and XV army corps of the 2 Army, while the rest retreated. The new commander of the Headquarters of the Supreme Commander-in-Chief appointed the cavalry general S.M. Scheidemann, before that commander of the II Army Corps. Having assumed the new position on August 23, he quickly regrouped the 2 Army and soon began active fighting.

It should be recalled that in the battles in East Prussia the first person awarded the officer’s order of St. George of the 4 degree appeared. At that time, the 3 m squadron of the Horse Guards regiment, which was part of the cavalry corps of Khan Nakhichevan (1 Army), was commanded by captain P.N. Wrangel. In one of the battles, the enemy entrenched with two guns in the village of Kaushen and did not allow our units to move forward. All attacks on this settlement were choked, it was also impossible to stay in place, since the Germans were well shot and caused great damage to our cavalry. Then Wrangel was given the task: to suppress enemy artillery. The only chance was a sudden, rapid head-on horseback attack. And the captain led his squadron into mortal combat. The horse guards suffered serious damage - it knocked out all the officers except Wrangel, a horse was killed under it. But they managed to capture the guns, destroy the enemy artillerymen and take down the village immediately. So P.N. Wrangel, later one of the leaders of the White movement, earned the highest military award of the Russian army.


P. Wrangel


5 August began the battle of Galicia. Before the Southwestern Front (commander-in-chief general of artillery N.I. Ivanov), the Headquarters of the Supreme commander-in-chief set the task: to encircle and destroy the main forces of the Austro-Hungarian army by concentrating the 4th (commander of the infantry A.E. Zalts) and 5 -th (general from the cavalry P.A. Pleve) of the armies from the north, 3-th (general from the infantry N.V. Ruzsky) and 8-th (general from the cavalry A.A. Brusilov) - from the east. The plan, in fact, was dictated by the outlines of the borders and the general plans of the Headquarters, according to which it was necessary to defeat Austria-Hungary, while the German troops were linked on the French front.

The Austro-Hungarian command was planning the defeat of the right wing of the Southwestern Front (4 and 5 armies) with the forces of its 1 and 4 armies and other formations, from the east providing the operation of the 2 and 3 Austro by the Hungarian armies. In general, the balance of power was approximately equal. In Galicia and Poland at the front, with a length of over 400 km, a grand battle began. Its main stages were Lublin-Kholmskaya (battles at Krasnik and Tomashov), Galich-Lviv operations (battles on the Zolotaya Lipa and Rotten Lipa rivers), the Gorodok battle, the second offensive 9 (commander of the infantry general P.A. Lechitsky), 4-th and 5-th Russian armies and, finally, the pursuit of the Austro-Hungarian troops to r. Dunajec.

The headquarters of the Supreme Commander-in-Chief, at the request of the French allies, began the operation without completing the complete concentration and deployment of the Russian armies. On August 5, the 8 Army began an offensive on the left wing, and five days later, the remaining armies of the Southwestern Front. Then the 1 and 4 I Austro-Hungarian armies launched an attack in the direction of Lublin and Kholm. On August 10 - 21 in the Krasnik - Tomashov region a fierce battle took place, as a result of which the enemy forced the 4 (since August 13, the commander of infantry AE Evert) and the 5 Russian armies to withdraw to Lublin, Kholm and Vladimir- Volynsky. However, the further advance of the Austro-Hungarian forces was halted by the staunchness of the Russian soldiers and the swift offensive of the 3 and 8 armies in Galicia. 13 - 15 of August on the river. The Golden Linden 3 Army of General Ruzsky broke through the enemy front southeast of Lviv, and Brusilov’s army repelled the counterattack of the enemy’s 2 Army. He began to hastily retreat, and on 20 of August the Russian 8 Army entered Galich, and the next day the 3 Army entered Lviv.



The enemy command, leaving a weak barrier against the 5-th Russian army, threw the 4-th army to the Lviv region and strengthened the 2-th and 3-th reserves. 23 - On 30 on August west of Lviv, the oncoming Gorodok battle took place. The Austro-Hungarian troops initially achieved partial success and supplanted the Brusil 8 army. However, large reinforcements soon came - to the right of the 4-th army of Evert, the 9-I - Lechitsky was introduced. The preponderance of Russian troops became obvious: the 4 Army was partially successful, then all Russian formations went on the offensive and began to push the enemy.

On August 26, the Evert army broke through the enemy front in the Tarnavka region and soon the entire left wing of the Austro-Hungarian troops began a hasty retreat. The 5-I army of Pleve, advancing on the Rava-Russian, began to threaten the rear of the Austro-Hungarian 4 Army. All this made the enemy command interrupt the Battle of Gorodok and on the night of August 30 begin the general retreat of the Austro-Hungarian troops over the river. Dignity

The next day, August 31, the commander in chief of the armies of the Southwestern Front Ivanov ordered the pursuit of the enemy. However, it developed slowly, as Russian troops were exhausted by previous battles. The enemy managed to break away - on September 3, his troops crossed San, and on September 4 they continued an erratic retreat for Dunajec. On the same day, the 3-I army of Ruzsky blocked the powerful fortress of Przemysl, but due to a lack of siege artillery, lifted the blockade and retreated to the east coast of Sana'a. Depletion of forces and frustration of the rear forced the Russian command to stop the pursuit of the enemy on September 8 at the border of the Danube.

The strategic and political significance of the Battle of Galicia, one of the largest in the First World War, was enormous. On the gigantic front between the Vistula and the Dniester, about 2 million people and up to 5 thousand guns acted on both sides. The enemy troops lost about 400 thousand people (a quarter of them prisoners) and 400 guns. The losses of the Russian troops amounted to about 230 thousand people (including 40 thousand prisoners) and 94 guns. The armies of the Southwestern Front advanced deep into enemy territory at 280 - 300 km, occupied Galicia and part of Austrian Poland, creating a threat of invasion of Hungary and Silesia.

This defeat meant a complete failure of the plans of the Austro-Hungarian command, nullified the successes of the German troops in the East Prussian operation, diverted the forces of Austria-Hungary from Serbia and undermined the fighting efficiency of Germany’s main ally. After the Battle of Galicia, Germany had to withdraw from the French front and send significant contingents of troops to help Austria-Hungary, which, in turn, greatly facilitated the position of the Allies in the Entente. Finally, the defeat of Austria-Hungary in the Battle of Galicia forced Germany to accelerate the attraction of Bulgaria and Turkey to its side.

The impressive victory of our troops was met with enthusiasm in Russia. Having reported to Nicholas II on the successful actions of the commanders of the armies of the Southwestern Front, the Supreme Commander led. Prince Nikolai Nikolaevich applied for the award of them all, as well as many corps commanders and division heads, with the Order of St. George. So the commander-in-chief of the front armies Ivanov received the 2-th degree of this order, the generals Ruzsky and Brusilov - two orders of the 4-th and 3-th degrees, Pleve and Evert - on the 4-th degree, and Lechitsky - Georgievskoe weapon with diamonds.

However, Nikolai Nikolaevich was very upset by the defeat of our armies in East Prussia. To encourage and support him, Nicholas II decided to personally go to Headquarters in Baranavichy, where he arrived on September 21. On the third day of his stay there, the tsar announced his decision to award Nikolai Nikolaevich the Order of St. George of the 3 degree, and the chief of staff of the General Headquarters, Infantry N.N. Yanushkevich and the Quartermaster General of the Infantry General Yu.N. Danilova - Order of the 4-th degree.


P.N. Nesterov


During the Battle of Galicia, the famous Russian pilot P.N. Nesterov accomplished a feat. Long before the war, he made a number of record flights, first began practicing night flights on maneuvers, introduced a bank roll, and in September 1913 for the first time in world practice performed a “dead loop”, often called the Nesterov loop. From the beginning of the war, Staff Captain Nesterov commanded the 11 m squadron of the 3 th army of Ruzsky, organized and conducted aerial reconnaissance, and bombed enemy carts with grenades. The famous ace made 13 sorties. And on 26 of August, in the next flight in the area of ​​Zhovkva, he met an Austrian plane bombing our infantry. Nesterov’s “Moran” had no airborne weapons, and the pilot for the first time in stories went to ram. The hero shot down the enemy, but he died. For his feat, he was posthumously awarded the Order of St. George of the 4 degree.

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  1. YOUR
    YOUR 27 October 2019 06: 02
    +5
    I read the article with pleasure. Thanks to the author.
  2. Olgovich
    Olgovich 27 October 2019 08: 03
    +2
    July 30 morning local peasants said they saw an enemy detachment of three dozen lancers. Kryuchkov decided to intercept them and capture them - to ride along the border, push the Germans away from it and drive them into the Russian rear.

    one more confirmation from the author that the Germans began the fighting before the declaration of war!
    K. Kryuchkov. 14 killed Germans remained on the battlefield, 11 of which accounted for Kryuchkov.

    Well, what a handsome and good fellow! hi
    that the initial success of Rennenkampf’s army so stunned the enemy that he removed from the Western (French) front and sent two corps and one cavalry division to East Prussia.

    Which saved France and left the main course of the war in the West.
    The ingenious decision of our leaders about the Prussian operation.
    appeared and first awarded the officer’s order of St. George 4th degree. At that time, the 3rd squadron of the Horse Guards Regiment, part of the cavalry corps of Khan Nakhichevan (1st Army), was commanded by the captain P.N. Wrangel.

    At the same time, the national traitor, the bald dwarf, sitting at the ENEMY in Austria, scribbled calls for the defeat of Russia.
    This defeat meant a complete failure of the plans of the Austro-Hungarian command, nullified the successes of the German troops in the East Prussian operation, diverted the forces of Austria-Hungary from Serbia and undermined the fighting efficiency of Germany’s main ally. After the Battle of Galicia, Germany had to withdraw from the French front and send large contingents of troops to help Austria-Hungary

    Everything went wrong for the Germans from the first day and precisely because of Russia.
    There would be no trace of the Entente Victory without it.
    1. cost
      cost 27 October 2019 09: 10
      +2
      Olgovich (Andrey): K. Kryuchkov. Well, what a handsome man and well done!

      With the outbreak of hostilities in Russia, a hero was urgently needed. The decision on the nationwide fame of the first cavalier in the war insignia of the Order of St. George was made at the very top: by order of Vel. Nikolai Nikolaevich Jr. matches and cheap caramel were released. Thus, the feat of Kozma Kryuchkov entered every Russian house

      1. Olgovich
        Olgovich 27 October 2019 09: 15
        0
        Quote: Rich
        With the outbreak of hostilities in Russia, a hero was urgently needed. The decision on the nationwide fame of the first cavalier in the war insignia of the Order of St. George was made at the very top: by order of Vel. Nikolai Nikolaevich Jr. matches and cheap caramel were released. Thus, the feat of Kozma Kryuchkov entered every Russian house

        And wonderful: it should!
        1. cost
          cost 27 October 2019 10: 36
          +1
          Andrei hi
          And today it would be nice to revive this - to print portraits of Magomed Nurbagandov, Vitaly Churkin, Bato Dashidorzhiev and other worthy people on match labels. The country must know its heroes
          1. bober1982
            bober1982 27 October 2019 11: 32
            -4
            Quote: Rich
            match portraits

            In my opinion, such propaganda of heroes is not good, Nikolai Nikolaevich (the younger one) got excited, of course, the heroes didn’t increase from such propaganda, and candy wrappers from candy and empty matchboxes know where the place is in the trash.
            1. Dalton
              Dalton 27 October 2019 12: 12
              +8
              In my opinion, such propaganda of heroes is not good,

              Then why advertise red heroes?
              or is it more important for you than the fact of heroism, but the flag under which the hero?
              1. Trapperxnumx
                Trapperxnumx 28 October 2019 16: 51
                +1
                Quote: Dalton
                Then why advertise red heroes?
                or is it more important for you than the fact of heroism, but the flag under which the hero?

                In my opinion, you did not quite catch the essence of the statement.
                such propaganda of heroes is not good

                candy wrappers from candy and empty matchboxes, we know where the place is in the trash

                That’s the whole point, when the attitude towards the heroes becomes not reverentially reverent, but disregarding-trash. Ate a candy, and a portrait of the hero in the trash. This levels the attitude to the hero and feat.
                Sorry, but it’s like the St. George ribbons now instead of shoelaces, then they cling to the wheels and two days later they are dirty tattered. Is it so possible?
                This is a symbol of heroism and victory! We need to be more reverent towards such things, more respectfully.
                1. Dalton
                  Dalton 28 October 2019 18: 02
                  +7
                  I agree with you. Especially regarding ribbons.
                  Regarding the placement of heroes on objects of mass culture - perhaps the government only wanted to carry feats to the masses?
                  You must admit that it is possible to criticize heroes on Soviet stamps or matchboxes. It was done for the same purpose.
                  To know in the face of their heroes.
                  Why asked a question. Just used to the fact that they constantly humiliate the imperial period of Russian history. Already a reflex)
                  1. Trapperxnumx
                    Trapperxnumx 28 October 2019 23: 40
                    -1
                    Quote: Dalton
                    Why asked a question. Just used to the fact that they constantly humiliate the imperial period of Russian history. Already a reflex)

                    Beaver1982 is not seen in this) a very competent and balanced commentator in my opinion
                    1. bober1982
                      bober1982 29 October 2019 14: 21
                      0
                      Now there are a lot of zealous people in the "church" environment, in my opinion, of course.
                      This is expressed precisely in the immoderate "glorification" of shrines and holy images, as an example, the images of holy images on the covers of bus seats. There are many examples of this, of course. The Church fights against such energetic activists.
                      By the way, those small shrines that have fallen into disrepair, such as a torn church leaf, a paper icon (and not a paper one), that are frayed, worthless candles, a frayed church pamphlet, etc., cannot be thrown away, you must carefully collect and take them away to the temple, there is someone at the rank and charter to solve this problem.
          2. Reptiloid
            Reptiloid 29 October 2019 14: 00
            +2
            Maybe it’s better on posters for suitable holidays, memorable dates?
            Or on large thematic calendars? I know many people who buy such colorful large calendars precisely on topics and then take care of them.
            I recall my childhood — when I lived with my grandmother, there was a tear-off calendar with black and white drawings and portraits. And biographies.
            Something to think of this subject ....
            Quote: Rich
            Andrei hi
            And today it would be nice to revive this - to print portraits of Magomed Nurbagandov, Vitaly Churkin, Bato Dashidorzhiev and other worthy people on match labels. The country must know its heroes
            1. cost
              cost 29 October 2019 14: 34
              +1
              Namesake hi
              The main thing that washed away the images of heroes on matchboxes was their general availability, after all, basic necessities. And large thematic calendars are not.
              Here's another option-on the cover of student notebooks. It will always be in front of children. Although you're right, you need to think it over carefully.
              1. Reptiloid
                Reptiloid 29 October 2019 14: 46
                +2
                About notebooks, albums ---- I'm completely for it! As for calendars ---- I do not agree with you. There are a lot of them. Probably people in every family have it, at work places they hang on their walls according to their interests. What about matches? Probably already 1/3 of the population in the city ---- electric stoves. In Moscow, probably also, or even more than%. Smokers have lighters. And not everyone has matches, so, just in case, they are rarely needed ....
                Small calendars --- on tables .....
                Quote: Rich
                Namesake hi
                The main thing that washed away the images of heroes on matchboxes was their general availability, after all, basic necessities. And large thematic calendars are not.
                Here's another option-on the cover of student notebooks. It will always be in front of children. Although you're right, you need to think it over carefully.
                1. cost
                  cost 29 October 2019 15: 00
                  +1
                  What about matches? Probably already 1/3 of the population in the city ---- electric stoves. In Moscow, probably also, or even more than%. Smoking lighters

                  I wanted to object to you .... and noticed that I was lighting a cigarette from a lighter lol
                  1. Reptiloid
                    Reptiloid 29 October 2019 15: 05
                    +2
                    I have not seen matches in everyday life for a very long time .... As a child in the geological party on the Far East --- electric stoves, they returned to Leningrad --- a little used to matches and gas --- at the end of the 92nd there is a 16-storey building and an electric stove ... ..
                    1. cost
                      cost 29 October 2019 15: 23
                      +1
                      Also, as an option
                      On the facade of a building in the Kuntsevsky district of Moscow on the grafiti street of the same name "Ekaterina Budanova"
                      1. Reptiloid
                        Reptiloid 29 October 2019 15: 34
                        +1
                        Just wonderful Khrushchev ennobled!
                        We have 24-story buildings nearby --- either some kind of jokes, or just cubes-squares.
                        Maybe there is something like this somewhere, but have not seen it yet ....
                      2. cost
                        cost 29 October 2019 15: 50
                        +1
                        Visually, publicly, and most importantly, such a carrier of information about the hero as a candy wrapper, or an empty matchbox can not be thrown into the trash
                      3. Reptiloid
                        Reptiloid 29 October 2019 16: 06
                        +2
                        Quote: Rich
                        Visually, publicly, and most importantly, such a carrier of information about the hero as a candy wrapper, or an empty matchbox can not be thrown into the trash

                        I'm in transport, + failed. request I will have to lol
      2. Albatroz
        Albatroz 27 October 2019 09: 30
        +7
        Lay 11 people alone, isn't that a hero?
        Now only supermen are capable of this, and then a simple Cossack)
        And an indicator by the way how much our horse is stronger than a German and how much better he owns weapons
  3. Dalton
    Dalton 27 October 2019 08: 39
    +11
    The first strategic operations are the most important
    They determined the final outcome of the war.
  4. migrant
    migrant 28 October 2019 09: 20
    +7
    Familiar with the works of Sergei Nikolaevich. Like, read.
  5. cm316
    cm316 28 October 2019 18: 59
    -6
    I'm looking for a contact with the author of this Text. I have some informations about 1. Astrakhan Cossack Regiment which fought near my city. 12.10. 1914 they took hard defensive in mud and rain on the line Otmianowo-Lubomin - Żurawice. My mail: [email protected]
    1. The comment was deleted.
    2. Dalton
      Dalton 30 October 2019 08: 29
      +5
      1. The Astrakhan Cossack Regiment at that time did not operate in the area you indicated w tym czasie nie operował w wybranym obszarze
  6. mixas55
    mixas55 29 October 2019 04: 42
    -4
    Report of the commander of the 6th hundreds of the 3rd Don Cossack Regiment Yesaul N.N. Of Popov-2, on the battle of the journey of V. Astakhov on July 30 (August 12), 1914 to Colonel [PD] Komarov.
    1914 July 30 1 hour 50 min. d. [nya]
    No. 1 from Calvary. Map [2 versts] in inch
    On July 30, at about 10 a.m., at the post No. 3 of 4 Cossacks near the village of Lyubov, the following happened: An enemy detachment with a force of 20 horses approached the village of Lyubov, and infantry (ours) opened fire on it; this detachment retreated, and the Cossacks jumped into his flank and shot. The enemy detour deviated towards the foli. Alexandrovo, Cossacks Kryuchkov, Yves. Schegolkov, Astakhov and Ivankov - behind him. Going f. Alexandrovo to the north and making sure that there were only four Cossacks before the trip — he rushed at them and a dump occurred, and an orderly Kryuchkov wounded a German soldier in the neck; Ivan Schegolkov cut the neck of a German soldier, and he fell, and also cut the croup of a horse of a fallen soldier. Cossack Ivankov chopped off the neck of a soldier; after that, the Cossacks rushed in different directions, with which: the orderly Kryuchkov, left without a rifle, fought off 12 German horsemen with a saber, and, having chosen the moment, pulled out a pike from the German and, retreating from the 12 German horsemen, kept defending it and this pike all the time brought in a hundred. On examination in the infirmary, Kryuchkov had sixteen puncture wounds on his back, shoulder, forearm, pierced ear and broadsword three fingers were chopped [21]; Ivan Schegolkov has a wound in his right side and in his right hand from spikes; Ivankov wound on his back from the peaks; the Cossack Vasily Astakhov, leaving and seeing that a Prussian officer was rushing towards him with a raised broadsword, kissed with a rifle, fired, and the officer fell down killed. Cossack Astakhov has a stab wound in the back from the peaks.
    Prikazny Kryuchkov, Cossack Yves. Schegolkov and Cossack Nikanor Kalmykov, wounded on July 29, are sent by a doctor to the hospital in Simno metro station, while the Cossacks Astakhov and Ivankov are left here with a rampage.
    Commander of the Hundred Esaul [NN] Popov
    RGVIA. F.2719. Op. 1. D 2. L.108 and about. Manuscript


    Sturgeon must be cut ...
    1. Dalton
      Dalton 29 October 2019 10: 43
      +6
      Just like your report has been cut ...
      The fact is enshrined in the Description of the BD 3 DKP (RGVIA. F. 2007.) and in a number of other materials
      1. Dalton
        Dalton 29 October 2019 10: 44
        +6
        Do not cast a shadow on the wattle of Zuckerberg and do not try to belittle the feat of Kozma Kryuchkov
  7. Reptiloid
    Reptiloid 29 October 2019 14: 01
    +4
    I liked the article. Thank you
  8. The comment was deleted.