Military Review

Strange U.S. Navy patent. A fusion reactor of "dubious scientific value"

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The US Navy received a patent for a compact fusion reactor. According to an investigation by The War Zone, this document is just one of many fleet to the base of strange inventions of dubious scientific value.




The development of a compact source of nuclear fusion energy (the same reaction that feeds the Sun) is a long-held dream of scientists. The thermonuclear reactor is the dream of many. As it turns out, the US Navy filed documents for a patent for a similar device on 22 on March 2019, and at the end of last month received it.

To create thermonuclear energy on Earth, scientists and engineers must create devices that can trap gases whose temperature reaches hundreds of millions of degrees. Light atoms will collide, turning into heavier ones. In this case, a tremendous amount of energy will be released.

This is not an easy task, and there are several technical problems associated with the creation of a thermonuclear reactor. For example, plasma cannot touch the walls of the chamber in which it is created, so scientists must use powerful magnetic fields to isolate the substance. In addition, there is a problem of the actual energy storage that is created during the nuclear fusion process.

If scientists could use the energy of fusion, it would completely change the course stories of humanity. According to the Museum of Science in London, one kilogram of thermonuclear fuel produces as much energy as 10 million kilograms of fossil fuel. It is an ideal source of energy; it does not emit greenhouse gases and leaves no harmful by-products, such as nuclear waste, in contrast to nuclear fission. In fact, its only by-product is helium: an inert and useful gas.

Work is underway on a fusion reactor


Existing nuclear reactors are extremely cumbersome. A relatively small fusion reactor that could potentially fit in a boat or plane would change the "rules of the game." Therefore, now several serious teams are working on the study of such technologies.

The prototype is being built by Skunk Works in Lockheed Martin labs. Several private firms have been developing their own compact fusion reactors in recent years, and the State Academy of Sciences of China has stated that it has made significant progress in refining this system.

Currently, there are several thermonuclear devices in a small compact package (diameters from 0,3 to 2 meters). Typically, they use different versions of the magnetic trap to hold the plasma. All of them are capable of supporting the process from a few seconds to several minutes. A recent U.S. Navy patent indicates that Navy researchers seem to be able to solve the problem.

Perhaps a solution has been found?


As a solution, what is called dynamic fuser is proposed. According to the patent, a plasma chamber contains several pairs of dynamic “ingots” that quickly rotate and vibrate inside the chamber to create a “concentrated stream of magnetic energy” that can compress the gases together. Cone-shaped capacitors inject gases into the chamber, such as deuterium or deuterium-xenon, which are then subjected to intense heating and pressure to create a fusion reaction.

It is assumed that the device described in the patent can generate more terawatts of energy, while consuming power in the range from kilowatts to megawatts. At present, mankind does not have a source of energy that could produce it more than is necessary for creation.

For comparison: America’s largest nuclear power plant in Palo Verde in Arizona generates about 4000 megawatts (4 gigawatts) of electricity, and A1B nuclear reactors designed for Gerald R. Ford aircraft carriers produce about 700 megawatts. The patent also claims that the device "can lead to self-sustaining plasma combustion without the need for an external power source."



All weird US Navy patents are the work of one person


The problem is that this project (as well as a number of other devices for which patents have recently been granted) are the brainchild of Salvatore Caesar Paice, an active and highly dubious figure. Most technologies in patents are closely intertwined, confirming the existence of one through the other, but not through third-party ones.

To date, the US Navy has not answered where the patents came from and whether they are based on real technology. There are no comments from Paice either.

At the same time, almost every physicist with whom we spoke believes that all these solutions go beyond the framework of well-known physics and are almost ridiculous in terms of vitality,

- notes The War Zone.
Author:
70 comments
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  1. Proton
    Proton 12 October 2019 15: 07
    +10
    Yes, a place to stake out, so that later on all your projects run their sweaty palms, they say our invention was stolen, why is it incomprehensible request
    1. Tisha
      Tisha 12 October 2019 15: 22
      +4
      No wonder FIG is called to you!
    2. SVD68
      SVD68 12 October 2019 15: 28
      +2
      I think so. And, most likely, their spies stole from someone a list of promising works. Without details, at the level of ideas. And now these ideas are patented.
      1. eagle owl
        eagle owl 12 October 2019 16: 24
        +1
        To date, the US Navy has not answered where the patents came from. and whether they are based on real technology.

        You see, if thermonuclear fusion were a reality, it would categorically turn the balance of energy resources on the planet. And the US Navy would not bother with patents now, but "build thermonuclear faster". They could get something interesting, steal or invent something - that's just possible. But this is precisely a kind of rationalization proposal, perhaps not one. Otherwise I will repeat once again - there would be technology, these reactors would be built. And an rationalization proposal that WOULD LIKE WORK (on non-existent reactors) ... AND LIKE WOULD be better than other THEORETICAL developments as long as ...
        It is not yet known what will be in the technological features of the thermonuclear rector, if it will be built at all, this is exactly what is called "sofa analytics". They can, these patents. and be completely inapplicable ... But it is sensible to say so - the US Navy is ahead of the rest of the world in science - won, we have patents for thermonuclear fusion. Their practical value, however, is still none. Where is it applied-tested? Is he a patent for a workable invention? But if he said this - what if the US Senate will raise the budget of the fleet, which is moving the US science?
        PiSi: to the author, it’s not quite a mistake, but the flaw is that plasma is not exactly gas. There are 4 states of aggregation of matter, plasma and gas - two of them. For example, tokamak's plasma is called gas - what to call a solid - a frozen liquid. Almost always true, but these are two different states of aggregation
        1. Simargl
          Simargl 12 October 2019 16: 30
          +1
          Quote: Uhu
          if fusion was a reality
          Isn't it reality? We were shown in "Iron Man" what his competent engineer would do from a rocket in a cave smithy.
          1. Chaldon48
            Chaldon48 13 October 2019 03: 41
            0
            All these "realities" run into money.
        2. asv363
          asv363 13 October 2019 05: 15
          0
          Quote: Uhu
          PiSi: to the author, it’s not quite a mistake, but the flaw is that plasma is not exactly gas. There are 4 state of aggregation of matter, plasma and gas - two of them. For example, tokamak's plasma is called gas - what to call a solid - a frozen liquid.

          Plasma is a fully ionized gas with a temperature of 4500K. By memory.
          1. Shuttle
            Shuttle 13 October 2019 07: 40
            +2
            Quote: asv363
            Quote: Uhu
            PiSi: to the author, it’s not quite a mistake, but the flaw is that plasma is not exactly gas. There are 4 state of aggregation of matter, plasma and gas - two of them. For example, tokamak's plasma is called gas - what to call a solid - a frozen liquid.

            Plasma is a fully ionized gas with a temperature of 4500K. By memory.

            Yep, exactly. A solid is a completely frozen liquid, yes ...
            1. asv363
              asv363 13 October 2019 10: 35
              0
              Did I dispute the assertion that plasma is the fourth aggregate state of matter? If interested, here is the link to the patent: http://www.freepatentsonline.com/20190295733.pdf
          2. Rwmos
            Rwmos 13 October 2019 22: 47
            +1
            Equilibrium-nonequilibrium - does not mean anything? About completely ionized ... About the temperature ... You, excuse me, have you ever seen a fluorescent lamp? 4 and a half thousand kelvin. are you talking hi
      2. iConst
        iConst 12 October 2019 16: 29
        0
        Quote: SVD68
        And, most likely, their spies stole from someone a list of promising works.

        Everything is simpler - under the name of Caesar Pais, Emmett Brown is hiding. Well, there was such a professor, he sent the kid back to the future back in the 80s. smile
        1. Aerodrome
          Aerodrome 12 October 2019 18: 11
          +1
          Quote: iConst
          Emmett Brown Well, there was such a professor, he sent the kid back to the future back in the 80s

    3. Muddy Seeing ORACLE
      Muddy Seeing ORACLE 12 October 2019 22: 23
      0
      In this case, in order not to waste time, we need to patent our analogue "Protomolecular Cold Fusion Reactor" lol
    4. NEXUS
      NEXUS 12 October 2019 22: 52
      0
      Does one look of this device remind me of this? wassat

      This is what Iron Man has on his chest ... fellow
    5. maidan.izrailovich
      maidan.izrailovich 14 October 2019 13: 46
      -1
      Proton (Australian Cactus)
      Yes, a place to stake out, so that then in all projects you run your sweaty palms ...

      A patent is not forever.
      The validity of a patent depends on the country of patenting, the subject of patenting and ranges from 5 to 35 years.
      https://ru.wikipedia.org/wiki/Патент
      For all your deadlines. And they are not that big. Here is an example of the deadlines set by Russian law. http://stgkrf.ru/1363
  2. Troll
    Troll 12 October 2019 15: 12
    +1
    >>> It is an ideal source of energy; it does not emit greenhouse gases and leaves no harmful by-productssuch as nuclear waste, as opposed to nuclear fission. In fact, its only by-product is helium: an inert and useful gas.
    <<

    TNW has a side effect and this heat, which must be (needed) removed. A few years ago, in the summer, in the heat, France’s nuclear reactors heated the river (I don’t remember which one) to such a temperature that the authorities asked the people to turn off the air conditioners. In the water below the reactors, the oxygen content fell, and this affected the living creatures.
    1. Mountain shooter
      Mountain shooter 12 October 2019 20: 58
      0
      Quote: Troll

      TNW has a side effect and this heat, which must be (needed) removed

      Yes, not so much of this heat. In France, the river was small, and they are installed (nuclear power plants) on the banks of rivers and lakes in a more solid way, and where it is problematic, cooling towers. Just the very idea of ​​such a reactor is physical nonsense!
      Illiterate graphomaniac. Only he does not scribble novels, but patents. As the author of many patents, I confirm. The examination has become too formal; in essence, the invention is NOT DISASSEMBLED!
    2. Crimean partisan 1974
      Crimean partisan 1974 22 November 2019 08: 33
      0
      TNF has a side effect and it’s warm .... not warm but a massive neutron flux, neutron field, and if the reactor works on decay, where the main task of neutrons is to bomb more particles and the rest slow down and absorb. then they simply don’t react in any way in TNCs and fly themselves in all directions, ionizing everything in the district, and very far away, the main problem is protection against such chaos of neutrons
  3. Evil echo
    Evil echo 12 October 2019 15: 56
    +1
    Interesting girls are dancing, four in a row ...
    To get a patent you just need a desire and a little imagination?
    I want to patent the perpetual motion machine, but I won’t show you, you slip the device.
    1. astepanov
      astepanov 12 October 2019 16: 28
      +4
      Quote: Evil Echo
      I want to patent the perpetual motion machine

      No problem. The register of patents of the Russian Federation contains as many such nonsense as you like: perpetual motion machines of the first and second kind, devices that violate the law of conservation of momentum, Leonov's engines, Atsyukhovsky's engines, etc. Besides, there are a lot of duplicate patents, because the examination is done in a slipshod manner. I came across this myself: a year after receiving one of the patents, I discovered that exactly the same patent had been issued to other "authors". Finally, in order to circumvent someone else's patent, there is another technique in the Russian Federation: patents are obtained not for an invention, but for an industrial design, leaving the author of the patent with nothing. At the same time, Rospatent allegedly "protects" the author's rights, in fact, only issuing a fake piece of paper and charging duties. Such a situation arose after perestroika, when the institute of patent attorneys flourished, when the strict form of patent application was abandoned, when formal examination became more important than examination on the merits. If before the technical inconsistency of the application was the basis for refusing to grant a patent, now this is not the case. At least the devil is bald patent. This is all borrowed from the Americans, and it is not for nothing that patent litigation is common with them. Patent offices do not exist to protect the rights of authors; they, in the form as they are - just one of the many parasitic structures of the state, and very rich. And it is not for nothing that more and more manufacturers prefer know how to obtaining a patent. In fact, in the military sphere, know how has always been, is and will be the main form of possession of information about an invention, confirming the fact that patenting is a way of cheating.
      1. voyaka uh
        voyaka uh 12 October 2019 17: 44
        -3
        "confirming the fact: patenting is a way to cheat" ////
        ----
        Is this your personal opinion or does it reflect the opinion of Russian
        specialists? belay
        1. astepanov
          astepanov 12 October 2019 19: 26
          +7
          This is my opinion, as the author of more than fifty patents, a significant part of which reached the introduction, as a person who interacted with the Patent Office both in the USSR and in the Russian Federation. And what kind of specialists are you talking about? Those from FIPS? Of course, their opinion does not coincide with mine. Chickens and foxes, you know, have different views on gastronomy.
    2. eagle owl
      eagle owl 12 October 2019 16: 44
      +4
      Theoretically, you can get a patent for, for example, a beer lid with a hinged half of the lid, on the door hinge) Is it worse than a patent for the shape of a Coca-Cola bottle, or does Apple seem to have patented the shape of a cellphone with rounded corners? He patented it - well, go ahead, you and the others can use it - for deductions already, but whether the patent is working is a patent commission that does not evaluate. She evaluates the novelty of the invention - whether the author has copied it from where ... And working capacity is not their problem winked
      In general, about patents ... Well, for example, a patent for nitro-powder of one British ... Letekha, it seems, the chemist was already passion ... I never studied anywhere, I didn’t go anywhere in chemistry ... But I often visited Mendeleev, who dealt with the topic but he didn’t patent ... So for a patent and imagination it’s not always nat)
      1. Crimean partisan 1974
        Crimean partisan 1974 22 November 2019 08: 26
        0
        So you ask yourself, but who still has the patent for the wheel ?????
  4. knn54
    knn54 12 October 2019 16: 01
    0
    He calculated the efficiency and wept.
    1. astepanov
      astepanov 12 October 2019 16: 30
      +2
      How did you calculate the efficiency? And "what is the maiden crying over the fast river"?
      1. knn54
        knn54 12 October 2019 16: 42
        +2
        Alexey. The ratio of the value of the useful energy received at the output to the value of the supplied energy. Terawatt / Megawatt T.E = 1 000 000 !!!
        -The patent also states that the device "can lead to self-sustaining plasma combustion without the need for an external power source."
        Also "perpetual motion machine".
        How not to cry here.
        1. astepanov
          astepanov 12 October 2019 16: 44
          +4
          No, this is not a "perpetual motion machine". And efficiency cannot be considered so.
  5. Falcon5555
    Falcon5555 12 October 2019 16: 19
    +3
    does not leave harmful by-products, such as nuclear waste, unlike nuclear fission. In fact, its only by-product is helium: an inert and useful gas

    In fact, this is not entirely true. This would be true if only deuterium was used. But modern projects (real, not miraculous) use deuterium plus dangerous radioactive tritium with neutron radiation, which is also dangerous because it will activate everything around.
    1. Crimean partisan 1974
      Crimean partisan 1974 22 November 2019 08: 38
      0
      with neutron radiation, ....... any thermonuclear reaction is accompanied by the release of neutrons, but if in the decay reaction a larger number of neutrons react with atoms, then in the TNC they don’t react very dense
      1. Falcon5555
        Falcon5555 23 November 2019 22: 12
        0
        Deuteron + deuteron = alpha particle, i.e., helium nucleus. And there is no neutron emission.
        1. Crimean partisan 1974
          Crimean partisan 1974 23 November 2019 22: 30
          +2
          Deuteron + deuteron = alpha particle, i.e., helium nucleus. And there is no neutron emission .... if you increase the temperature of this reaction to the optimum by injecting the right amount of energy there in order to remove the useful efficiency, you get Deuteron + deuteron = alpha particle + one neutron, otherwise this reaction brought by you is suitable as a fire raw wood, smoke and no heat
          1. Falcon5555
            Falcon5555 24 November 2019 00: 06
            0
            So what do you disagree with?
            1. Crimean partisan 1974
              Crimean partisan 1974 24 November 2019 08: 54
              0
              So, what do you disagree with? ..... with the fact that the neutron does not stand out in the reaction you cited, in all thermonuclear reactions (if they are really thermonuclear), neutrons and gamma quanta are released
              1. Falcon5555
                Falcon5555 24 November 2019 15: 32
                0
                And, I see: "+ one neutron". :) Well, then explain where it comes from, this "+ one neutron"? Deuteron - two nucleons, alpha - four. 2 + 2 = 4, not 4 + 1.
                1. Crimean partisan 1974
                  Crimean partisan 1974 24 November 2019 15: 42
                  0
                  Well, well, then explain where it comes from, this "+ one neutron"? ...... either you are not careful or skipped school, with TNR D + D the output will be an isotope of helium, that is, without one neutron. he just "escapes" at the TNR
  6. APASUS
    APASUS 12 October 2019 16: 23
    +6
    The US was founded by criminals and crooks of all stripes, why can Elon Musk exist, but Salvatore Caesar Paice not? The patent case is, the main thing is to stake out! But in fact, no one needs to confirm it and the description is usually very meager. This idea is somewhat reminiscent of the sale of land on the moon.
  7. sabakina
    sabakina 12 October 2019 16: 24
    -6
    Nonsense. To depict the processes occurring on the Sun, it is necessary to turn the Earth inside out.
  8. Paul Siebert
    Paul Siebert 12 October 2019 16: 30
    +2
    They say, they say - there will soon be a thermonuclear fusion,
    Already half a century they say ...
    1. Evil echo
      Evil echo 12 October 2019 16: 59
      -1
      As there in history: "But it still turns ...". Sooner or later there will be a "fusion". Another question - will there be a man?
    2. xASPIDx
      xASPIDx 13 October 2019 11: 48
      0
      thermo-venom working longer than 2 minutes
  9. Amateur
    Amateur 12 October 2019 16: 55
    0
    All of them are capable of supporting the process from a few seconds to several minutes.

    Where is the data coming from? fool
  10. Engineer
    Engineer 12 October 2019 17: 06
    +2
    I don’t quite understand something, is it already possible to embed an article on VO simply retelling the opinion of another resource and not even giving links?
  11. gridasov
    gridasov 12 October 2019 17: 07
    0
    By the way, the idea is somewhere close to ours. Only rotating induction devices must be of a special shape. Otherwise, self-inductive effects will destroy it. In addition, the ionization effect is not used. In general, there will not be an unequivocal effect, but the path chosen is correct.
    1. san4es
      san4es 12 October 2019 17: 37
      +2
      Quote: gridasov
      By the way, the idea is somewhere close to ours. .

      gridasov hi Now I know who you really are laughing
      1. dauria
        dauria 13 October 2019 12: 50
        +1
        gridasov, now I know who you really are


        No, these are programmers trying for a year to powder the brains of the local people.
        And Gridasov himself is a program, well, like this one laughing


        ; --------------------------------------------
        ; PWM processing of the channel impulse of the motor
        COMMAND1:
        ; --- checking the duration of the channel pulse ---
        cpi r22, $ 10; more than 2 ms
        brsh ERRORM; transition if greater than or equal

        cpi r22, $ 01; less than 1 ms
        brlo ERRORM; transition if less

        ; subtract the center 1,5 ms $ 0500
        subi r21, $ 00; Subtract low bytes
        sbci r22, $ 05; Subtract senior with transfer
        sbrs r22,7; negative?
        rjmp PLUS; no, we go to the point MZONA

        ; invert the negative result, we get the difference modulus
        subi r21, $ 01; Subtract low bytes
        sbci r22, $ 00; Subtract senior with transfer
        com r21; Inverse of low byte
        com r22; Inverse of high byte
        ; sign back
        cbi $ 18,3; output B3 to 0
        sbi $ 18,4; output B4 in 1
        rjmp mzona


        ; sign forward
        PLUS:
        sbi $ 18,3; output B3 in 1
        cbi $ 18,4; output B4 to 0

        MZONA:
        ; dead zone check subtract $ 0020

        subi r21, $ 20; Subtract low bytes
        sbci r22, $ 00; Subtract senior with transfer
        sbrs r22,7; negative?
        rjmp XOD; no more dead zone
        cbi $ 18,3; output B3 to 0
        cbi $ 18,4; output B4 to 0
        cbi $ 18,2; output B2 to 0
        clr-r31
        out $ 30, r31; TCCR0A - disable it, normal output of port B2
        rjmp ENDDWIGAT
        1. san4es
          san4es 13 October 2019 13: 07
          -1
          Quote: dauria
          ... No, these are programmers trying for a year to powder the brains of the local people.

          ... there is such an option hi
          ... is a program, like this one laughing

          ... She needs to arrange a blackout .... or interturn laughing
    2. Ivan 1980
      Ivan 1980 12 October 2019 18: 54
      0
      This is not a path, but a direction.
    3. Avior
      Avior 12 October 2019 20: 37
      +1
      Do bots make grammatical mistakes?
      1. dauria
        dauria 13 October 2019 13: 35
        0
        Do bots make grammatical mistakes?


        Mistakes are made by programmers, not bots. In addition, before they watched their brainchild, and corrected too obvious primitivism.
        It would be funny if it didn't smell rotten. .
  12. AML
    AML 12 October 2019 17: 35
    +2
    And then they poke us in the face that look at how smart Americans are and how many patents they register annually, and how many are Nobel laureates among them. Uhh, silisha. And if you look, for the most part zilch.
    The Chinese, by the way, took the same path. Register each sneeze.
    1. voyaka uh
      voyaka uh 12 October 2019 17: 47
      0
      "The Chinese, by the way, took the same path. Every sneeze is registered." ////
      ---
      Therefore, they are moving fast. They learn from America for nothing.
      Including patent science. Steel number two in the world.
  13. Fedorovich
    Fedorovich 12 October 2019 17: 42
    +1
    I’ve heard all this for twenty years.
  14. bar
    bar 12 October 2019 18: 29
    -1
    The problem is that this project (as well as a number of other devices for which patents have recently been granted) are the brainchild of Salvatore Caesar Paice

    American Petrick?
  15. Jack O'Neill
    Jack O'Neill 12 October 2019 18: 55
    +4
    There is a much more advanced solution - the Zero Point Module.
    He takes energy from an artificially created subspace.
    1. dzvero
      dzvero 12 October 2019 19: 45
      0
      Oh, a two neon machine smile but the Jedi sword is cooler - still the whole fluorescent tube
    2. garri-lin
      garri-lin 12 October 2019 23: 41
      0
      A. And where is it from? It reminded youth but there is no memory to remember. Not the Lords of the Universe?
      1. Jack O'Neill
        Jack O'Neill 13 October 2019 00: 41
        0
        A. And where is it from? It reminded youth but there is no memory to remember. Not the Lords of the Universe?

        The series "Stargate".
        1. garri-lin
          garri-lin 13 October 2019 00: 44
          +1
          Thank you.
  16. Bogatyrev
    Bogatyrev 12 October 2019 21: 41
    +1
    It makes no sense to rush into a fusion. After all, it is clear that if he appears, he will appear in everyone.
    It is necessary to develop materials science, scientific and elemental base.
    1. gridasov
      gridasov 13 October 2019 00: 10
      +2
      A deep error lies in such approaches. The thermonuclear reactor, based on dynamic principles, fully produces all the effects that are obtained, but it is impossible to retain the plasma. The question is in the process algorithms and ensuring the short duration of the preliminary stages and the long key. I don’t open the directions, but I will say that the key task in creating such TNRs is to achieve ultra-high rotor speeds. And that means that it will be possible to transform simple water.
      1. Bogatyrev
        Bogatyrev 13 October 2019 00: 33
        +1
        When a solution is found, it is easy to copy.
        1. gridasov
          gridasov 13 October 2019 08: 16
          +1
          Namely! The device itself is very simple to repeat. But it is very capacious in the complex of reproducible effects. In general, someone wondered why this American so-called reactor would not work. In what, in what energy the process will be realized there and how to remove it for use. It will be just thermal energy and, or a dynamic impulse of force. They do not want to think, and this is obvious.
          1. Bogatyrev
            Bogatyrev 13 October 2019 18: 06
            0
            I am sure that when solving the problem of confining plasma and the reaction medium, everything is solved. Those. these problems are secondary.
  17. Aviator_
    Aviator_ 13 October 2019 07: 41
    +1
    According to the Museum of Science in London

    And what, there are no other sources? For example, a school physics course.
  18. Tarasios
    Tarasios 13 October 2019 13: 17
    0
    what worries me more is that ready-made energy for "converting" into electricity has to be used extremely primitive and cumbersome technologies like "energy heats water, the resulting steam, rotates the turbine rotor, the turbine rotates the generator rotor, we get current. Plus, you need to have pool for cooling water ":(
    1. gridasov
      gridasov 13 October 2019 18: 55
      0
      Namely! And this process algorithm can be greatly simplified and optimized in one device
  19. yehat
    yehat 14 October 2019 16: 50
    0
    The patent is similar to the drawing of the Lavrentiev trap, 40 years old.
  20. yehat
    yehat 14 October 2019 16: 56
    0
    Quote: Mountain Shooter
    essentially inventions DO NOT DISASSEMBLE!

    there is no qualification, there is no sense in dropping out meaningless ideas.
    in the days of the Stalinist USSR, a whole range of commissions acted, considering applications for inventions, and only 1 out of 7 was perceived as a rational idea.
    what are only 5 implemented but rejected projects and more than a hundred rejected immediately projects of double-barreled tanks ...
  21. Crimean partisan 1974
    Crimean partisan 1974 22 November 2019 08: 53
    0
    compact thermonuclear reactors, .......... there are two reasons to spin up "compact thermonuclear reactors," the first is to make your well-being out of the air without straining too much - great motivation, the second reason is the ebullient idiocy of the inventor so you can offer a simple device unknown author