Military Review

U.S. develops hypersonic weapon launch detection space system

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The management of databases and data flows in the missile defense system is the most significant problem in the development of a new network of space sensors created to detect hypersonic and ballistic launches weapons. The words of the director of the Anti-Ballistic Missile Defense Agency are quoted by the Defense News portal.




The Pentagon has studied the problem of repulsing an attack of hypersonic weapons for years and has come to the conclusion that space sensors are the only solution to protect the United States from such systems armed with Russia and China. Washington intends to create a “sensory layer” in space that will help determine the launch moment and give the United States missile defense system precious minutes and seconds to prepare.

A project by the Missile Defense Agency is called the Hypersonic and Ballistic Tracking Space Sensor; HBTSS. HBTSS will be integrated into the constellation of low-orbit satellites of the Space Development Agency.

For Vice Admiral John Hill, director of the agency, the development of sensors for the system is a completely solvable engineering problem, and the development of commercial space companies means that the technology can be easily launched into space as soon as it is ready. The real problem is "transferring data between different spacecraft, tracking support and eliminating interference."

The Missile Defense Agency is evaluating nine proposals for space sensor architecture. With 73 millions of dollars that Congress has already allocated, the agency is ready to move on to the next phase of the program. Of the nine decisions presented, three will be selected this year, followed by a selection process lasting from six to nine months.

Hypersonic weapons are harder to track than traditional ballistic missiles. It is smaller and faster, which complicates both the detection of warheads and tracking them. In order to effectively accompany such a system through tracking sensors and transmit information about it in real time, the sensor network will actually transmit tracking like a relay stick from sensor to sensor. The transfer of such a data stream will be the main problem.

Hill compared the complexity of this data transfer with his service during navy, where information was supposed to be transferred between moving vessels, but the problem of sequential data transmission from satellite to satellite is an order of magnitude more complicated.
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  1. cniza
    cniza 10 October 2019 08: 40
    +5
    U.S. develops hypersonic weapon launch detection space system


    You can detect, but how to bring it down?
    1. Voyager
      Voyager 10 October 2019 10: 13
      0
      Find what, over time. It's unavoidable.
      1. Nyrobsky
        Nyrobsky 10 October 2019 10: 50
        +2
        Quote: Voyager
        Find what, over time. It's unavoidable.

        They will find a problem for themselves at their fifth point, which is inevitable. There was nothing to break arms contracts. yes
    2. Kontrik
      Kontrik 10 October 2019 17: 53
      0
      Quote: cniza
      You can detect, but how to bring it down?

      Here Victor most likely the USA is spinning us again at the SDI .. Remember how it was in the days of the USSR? They then untwisted us on an arms race ..
      And then the oil price fell, etc.
      This time they won’t succeed, the USA is now waiting for what they have done with the USSR, and even worse they will have in the West
      .Work on this and remember EVERYTHING!
  2. rocket757
    rocket757 10 October 2019 08: 42
    +2
    They will master the denyushka, will pick and report for years that their system is super-duper.
    Nothing really new, just adding "debris" to orbit. It will work better than the previous one, this is understandable, a new, improved design ...
    something like this.
    1. cniza
      cniza 10 October 2019 09: 11
      +2
      Well, yes, the "great SDI" has already been ...
      1. rocket757
        rocket757 10 October 2019 09: 41
        0
        Quote: cniza
        Well, yes, the "great SDI" has already been ...

        Yeah, then divorced ours. This can not be taken away from minke whales.
        However, any experience in the "piggy bank" goes, negative too.
        1. neri73-r
          neri73-r 10 October 2019 10: 14
          +2
          Quote: rocket757
          Yeah, then divorced ours.

          Because the then elite did not listen and did not trust scientists, the military and was not able to perceive reality adequately, it degenerated! We all know the consequences, and half saw and felt on ourselves.
          1. rocket757
            rocket757 10 October 2019 10: 25
            +1
            Quote: neri73-r
            We all know the consequences, and half saw and felt on ourselves.

            "We've had some bread, we'll have some more," I don't know how much.
            Yeah, when a panopticon, a serpentarium, a mausoleum, a vanity factory becomes upstairs .... it is equally bad with us, DOWN!
        2. ccsr
          ccsr 10 October 2019 12: 22
          +2
          Quote: rocket757
          Yeah, then divorced ours.

          Nobody divorced us then - there were no serious R&D to counter this threat, and if there were prospecting works, then the research did not go further. So this is a great exaggeration that we were divorced - even then it was clear that the Americans were bluffing, because they didn’t even get to the point of testing, but there was only a chatter.
          1. rocket757
            rocket757 10 October 2019 12: 34
            -1
            It was, but not very much ... primarily because there was nowhere to take information, what it really is and what it is eaten with.
            By the way, some research works were later demanded for other purposes ... so that any experience goes to the piggy bank.
            The bad thing is that at the political level, things didn’t end so well and calmly ... that was also.
  3. Teberii
    Teberii 10 October 2019 08: 43
    +3
    It is necessary not only to detect the launch, but also to repel the attack. This is more complicated, let's see what happens.
    1. voyaka uh
      voyaka uh 10 October 2019 10: 41
      +5
      But without the first stage, all the others are ineffective.
      Now they are catching warheads on the descent, at the last moment, with a missile defense shot towards them. With approximately 50% efficiency, even single BRs.
      Knowing the trajectory from the very beginning, you can start attempts to intercept much earlier.
      1. Nyrobsky
        Nyrobsky 10 October 2019 12: 00
        +2
        Quote: voyaka uh
        But without the first stage, all the others are ineffective.
        Now they are catching warheads on the descent, at the last moment, with a missile defense shot towards them. With approximately 50% efficiency, even single BRs.
        Knowing the trajectory from the very beginning, you can start attempts to intercept much earlier.

        This is if the warhead flies in a straight line, and ours, to the great disappointment of the Americans, also maneuvers.
        1. voyaka uh
          voyaka uh 10 October 2019 12: 08
          +3
          The warhead maneuvers in space are miscalculated, although they complicate the interception. Any maneuver has certain parameters. A sharp maneuver at a speed of 15-20 MAX cannot be performed by a ballistic object due to centrifugal forces. A wiggle a couple of degrees miscalculates forward.
          It's too early to talk about the Kyrgyz Republic. They are immediately visible on a giant train. But the interception, of course, will be different.
          1. Vadim237
            Vadim237 10 October 2019 20: 08
            +1
            And if the planning block of a hypersonic rocket flies at an altitude of 45 to 60 kilometers - how to shoot it down? SM 6 SM 3 and THAAD - they won't intercept her
            1. voyaka uh
              voyaka uh 10 October 2019 23: 11
              +1
              The SM-3s are now fitted to fit those heights too.
              But how effective it is is unclear.
              Against Vanguard have not yet begun to seriously develop missile defense.
              The thing is new, there are few such warheads. And the accuracy of hitting the warhead itself is problematic
              after all the planning, maneuvers and rebounds.
              The Americans seem unsure whether this is a threat or a bluff.
    2. Vita vko
      Vita vko 10 October 2019 11: 22
      +6
      Quote: Teberii
      This is more complicated, let's see what happens.

      The launch of hypersonic weapons is no different from conventional missile launches. All this is just an excuse for putting laser weapons into space. The American SM-3 Block IIA missile defense development program, due to its kinetic effect on the target, is powerless against hypersonic maneuvering weapons.
      1. rocket757
        rocket757 10 October 2019 11: 51
        +1
        Quote: Vita VKO
        powerless against hypersonic maneuvering weapons.

        Here, here, the SWORD is becoming smarter, faster, dodging. SHIELD also progresses, but for objective reasons it lags behind!
        Another attempt .... let's see how those "blacksmiths" succeed.
  4. Victor_B
    Victor_B 10 October 2019 08: 47
    +1
    I suppose ours are doing the same, especially since there are "educational" goals.
    ANY newest military technology eventually becomes the property of the enemy.
    Therefore, creating the latest weapons system, at the same time creates a means of combating it.
  5. Andrey Chistyakov
    Andrey Chistyakov 10 October 2019 08: 48
    -3
    How expensive "cartoons" are for the United States ....
  6. Nycomed
    Nycomed 10 October 2019 08: 50
    -1
    Everything is normal, the average taxpayer is scared. Now they will calmly master a bunch of "dough" to discover what is not. lol
  7. Amateur
    Amateur 10 October 2019 09: 13
    -1
    With the 73 million dollars that Congress has already allocated, the agency is ready to move on to the next phase of the program.

    For 73 lemons, the mattresses will make a 10-second cartoon about how they all wet and a couple of press conferences.
  8. evgic
    evgic 10 October 2019 10: 29
    0
    U.S. develops hypersonic weapon launch detection space system
    Launch can be carried out from an airplane, ship, mobile complex, submarine, that is, from anywhere in the world. Yankees want sensors to hang over the entire planet ?? Something is doubtful. And how to distinguish hypersonic launch from normal? And when the rocket went into hypersound mode it was too late to notify. In general, another drank money.
    1. voyaka uh
      voyaka uh 10 October 2019 10: 43
      +1
      "The Yankees want to hang sensors over the entire planet ??" ////
      ----
      Exactly! The satellite network should evenly cover the entire planet. Both hemispheres.
      1. yaros
        yaros 10 October 2019 11: 07
        0
        Dust swallow dust)) In the event of war, the first thing the enemy’s satellites are destroyed is, a bucket of bolts into orbit and that's it ....
        1. voyaka uh
          voyaka uh 10 October 2019 11: 12
          +2
          There are no missiles to drop buckets of bolts at such heights. It needs Protons, at least. And hundreds of buckets. Deploy a network of several types of satellites in GSO, medium and low orbits, connected into a single network. With duplication of each other.
          The future S-500 will be able to bring down reconnaissance satellites from low orbits, no more.
          1. yaros
            yaros 10 October 2019 11: 17
            +2
            C'mon, have you recently complained in Israel that your GPS is buggy due to our REB, you don’t want a bucket of bolts as an option, an atomic explosion in space in nearby orbits would have blinded Schaub ... In general, you guys are funny, our guys recently a heavy telescope was pulled up to the Lagrange point, and you say that we won’t be able to send a bucket of nails into the orbit of satellites))
            1. voyaka uh
              voyaka uh 10 October 2019 11: 34
              0
              1) A heavy telescope is launched by a rocket, which has long been prepared for launch. And they made for a long time.
              To shoot down distant satellites, you need to make a lot of space rockets in advance. They are not here.
              2) In space - a vacuum. There is no shock wave. Therefore, the effect of a nuclear explosion is small.
              3) EW worked against passenger aircraft. He did not affect the work of the military.
              1. yaros
                yaros 10 October 2019 11: 51
                +1
                There is no shock wave, but there is ionizing radiation, and in space it is many times stronger than in the atmosphere ... this is so for your enlightenment, we were shown the first flights of shuttles under the heading of a chipboard in the army 35 years ago, so we don’t need about star wars hang noodles on my ears, this is what I ... I don’t know your education. and I’ve tracked these Amer’s satellites (well, what they were then)) ...
          2. slipped
            slipped 10 October 2019 12: 44
            +2
            Quote: voyaka uh
            There are no missiles to drop buckets of bolts at such heights. It needs Protons, at least. And hundreds of buckets.


            Well, let's count. Up to 40 Soyuz-2 missiles are currently in production. The "Soyuz-2" / "Fregat" liaison brings two tons from the "Vostochny" into the geo-transfer orbit. Let's say roughly the service board and fuel for the apogee liquid-propellant engine weigh one and a half tons. Half a ton remains for the payload. 300 kg buckets of nails on the GSO with one rocket - is that a lot or a little? lol Theoretical weight 1000 pcs. construction nails 8,0 × 250 - 96,2 kg. In my opinion, this is enough to demolish 80% of geostationary satellites - they also hang there almost flush in the same plane.

            Besides RB "Fregat" has the ability to raise the launched buckets at three different points within low and medium orbits. Those. low-flying sensors are also demolished with a bang.
            1. voyaka uh
              voyaka uh 10 October 2019 12: 50
              -1
              Well, I’m saying, the fight against satellites is not a swoop, but a whole flotilla of space rockets. Which must be prepared in advance. And spaceports - units. Estimate the costs, estimate the time for each start.
              The whole military budget.
              1. slipped
                slipped 10 October 2019 12: 52
                +1
                Quote: voyaka uh
                Well, I’m saying, the fight against satellites is not a swoop, but a whole flotilla of space rockets.


                Not at all necessary. Satellite fighters can be deduced in advance.
                1. voyaka uh
                  voyaka uh 10 October 2019 12: 58
                  0
                  Too many satellites. Now two business firms have simultaneously begun to deploy global networks of mobile communications satellites.
                  (Space X can fire 60 medium-sized satellites in the same first stage every 48 hours).
                  They are also likely to be connected to an American intelligence network.
                  There will be thousands of satellites.
                  1. slipped
                    slipped 10 October 2019 13: 38
                    +1
                    You first decide what kind of satellites we are talking about - at GSO or NOU. Satellites with DOE are being demolished by S-500 air defense systems.
                    1. voyaka uh
                      voyaka uh 10 October 2019 14: 39
                      0
                      Do not get missiles. sad
                      S-500 missile - not at all like S-300/400 missiles. It is much larger in diameter and longer. And incredibly expensive. This is a redone Nudol from Moscow missile defense.
  9. Mainbeam
    Mainbeam 10 October 2019 15: 51
    0
    U.S. develops hypersonic weapon launch detection space system

    Handsome men! I kept wondering what air defense could be opposed to the new hypersound? For the aunt ships, on what principle do they create anti-missiles? The Yankees are well done, because they began to move in this area right away with the available technologies. Although space communications are their weak point, recall, for example, a recent article about Normans and GPS crashes in exercises.

    Interestingly, ours will offer what if the Yankos build their hypersonic weapons? As far as I understand. when some kind of weapon is created, then at the same time a mechanism is created to counter it. So we already have something.
  10. slipped
    slipped 10 October 2019 17: 12
    +1
    Quote: voyaka uh
    Do not get missiles.


    The most important drawback of satellites with sensors is the predictability of their flight. Their energy is not enough to change the laws of orbit. The same starlings go jamb in one orbit without the ability to change their inclination quickly. I think in this case one rocket will be enough wink
  11. aries2200
    aries2200 10 October 2019 22: 58
    0
    or maybe it's easier for the duty corporal to call them from the headquarters gene and notify that the product is flying ............ belay smile laughing
  12. orionvitt
    orionvitt 11 October 2019 11: 16
    -1
    Somewhere, when that, I've already seen something like that. In the 80s. SDI type. It turned out to be a bummer. Clean "show-off" in a bare spot.