The development of the legendary fighter was carried out over the course of 30 years. Under the designation of the MiG-29K, three practically different aircraft managed to visit. The latest version has advanced avionics, which can work in conjunction with a helmet pilot. For example, it has now become possible to direct near-range air-to-air missiles by simply turning their head toward the enemy. Composite materials in the airframe reduced the visibility of the aircraft in the radar range. In addition, the electrical control system has undergone changes. The most important change in the electronic equipment of the fighter was a modernized version of the ZhUK radar station, because it helps to use the reconnaissance aircraft for the entire ship’s group. The station’s capabilities are impressive: it simultaneously detects 24 targets, actively accompanies 10 and hits 4 at ranges up to 200 kilometers. The MiG-29K fighter is proudly multi-functional and not in vain. His cockpit is equipped with three displays that are used by pilots in different ways: as a navigator, to perform combat missions and to pilot, respectively.
The Russian fleet plans to re-equip the wing of the Admiral Kuznetsov cruiser with the ship's MiG-29K instead of the Su-33 heavy fighter. According to the project, the cruiser can carry more than fifty aircraft, including helicopters and fighters. MiGs are stored in the deck area. For transportation and placement of the deck aviation the group of hangar-deck mechanisms is responsible, however, each engineer tries not to leave his ward and very zealously monitors his condition. On the flight deck are equipped with three starting positions. The task of the pilot during take-off is to maintain a straight line without deviations, taking into account such nuances as the ship’s pitching and the time to remove the holding devices. For 100 meters, the fighter needs to pick up speed of about 200 km / h. If it is smaller, the aircraft may dive down, if it is larger, damage to the front wheel of the landing gear may occur in contact with the bend of the springboard.
Before getting on an aircraft carrier, deck-based pilots are trained no worse than space ones. On the basis of the Crimean training ground "NITKA" (Ground Testing Training Complex Aviation), the pilots practice takeoff and landing on the deck of an aircraft carrier. History complex began back in 1976, when it was decided to build a site for training flight and engineering personnel for the first heavy aircraft-carrying cruisers. By the way, the location of the landfill is very good: the proximity of the sea made it possible to deliver heavy structures for the construction of the complex. Another indisputable plus is the immediate proximity of the sea. Taking off, the pilot found himself above the water surface, a feeling was created that the takeoff had occurred from a real aircraft carrier. Permanent winds are an additional advantage of the site - for take-off from the deck of the cruiser requires a strong oncoming air flow.
The complex itself covers an area of 54 hectare. The site is divided into a take-off and landing block with aerofinisher, springboard and direction and observation posts. The runway 290 meters long is made of steel capable of withstanding the landing of the aircraft. But the most interesting is located underground. It is there that the ship’s aerofinisher kit is located, whose task is to stop the aircraft on the deck of the aircraft carrier.
The line along which the aircraft lands is called the glide path. The pilot must maintain a certain trajectory of descent, in this he helps the landing system "Moon". Looking at the indicator lights from the cockpit, the pilot sees only one color. If it is green - it means the route is chosen correctly, if red - you need to rise higher, yellow - you should reduce the height. One of the specific details of the fighter is a hook in the tail, on naval manners called him hook. It is he who allows you to hook the cable and brake the aircraft. The MiG-29K lands at a speed of about 60 m / s, and all the load that falls on the hook is distributed and extinguished throughout the aircraft frame.
The MiG-29K multipurpose fighter must always be ready to strike at enemy ground targets, repel his attack, win electronic warfare in the air and detect any threat at the approaches to the aircraft carrier group. For this, the aircraft is equipped with eight suspension points for the most advanced weapons and a cannon in 30 mm caliber. The R-73 air-to-air missile launches during active maneuvering, which allows it to be used in battle, without regard to the position of the aircraft during the battle. The infrared homing missile reacts to the thermal contrast of the target, therefore, after targeting from burgundy means and launch, she herself searches for an object in the air. High-precision ammunition KAB-500 is used against stationary targets, the coordinates of which are known in advance. The maximum discharge height is 10 km, which allows the MiG not to enter the enemy’s air defense defeat zone. In this case, the accuracy of the bomb is amazing - the maximum deviation from the target is approximately 5-10 meters.
The potential inherent in the armament and controllability of the new MiG29K makes it possible to doubt the future defense capabilities of the Navy at the distant maritime borders. A multipurpose fighter in a rapidly changing world is not becoming a luxury, but a necessity, and professional pilots are becoming resources of national importance.