Military Review

Winged Pride of Russia (Part Eight) - An-124

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An-124 "Ruslan" (according to the NATO classification "Condor") is a truly unique serial transport aircraft, which has no analogues in the dimensions of the cargo compartment and carrying capacity. The heavy long-range military transport aircraft An-124 was developed by OK Antonov Design Bureau and is by far the largest of the serial military transport aircraft in the world. "Ruslan" is designed for transportation over long distances of regular combat and service equipment of the airborne or motorized rifle division (brigade), parachute assault of military equipment (with crews and crews) and cargo, as well as transportation of large-size and heavy cargo for national economic purposes.

The prototype "Ruslan" first flew on December 21 1982 in Kiev. The plane raised into the air a crew of eight test pilots V. I. Tersky (commander of the vessel) and A. V. Galunenko, as well as flight engineers V. M. Vorotnikov and A. M. Shuleshchenko, navigator A. P. Poddubny, radio operator M. A. Tupchienko, Leading Test Engineers, VS Mikhailov and M. G. Kharchenko. Serial production of the aircraft was deployed at the Ulyanovsk AIC Aviastar and KiAPO.

An-124 "Ruslan" returned to the Soviet Union world leadership in heavy transport aviationdepriving palm championship American Lockheed C-5 Galaxy. In 1985, the Soviet An-124 aircraft managed to set 21 world records, among which there was a record for carrying capacity (lifted 171 kg to a height of 219 m), and on May 10, 750, an airplane with the crew of V.I. Tersky set the world range record, breaking 6 1987 km. on a closed route.
Winged Pride of Russia (Part Eight) - An-124

In 1985, the Ruslan was first shown at the French Air Show in Paris. The following year, the aircraft began operation "Aeroflot". He mainly operated flights on Siberian airlines, transporting very large cargoes intended for the industrial development of oil and gas. On the arsenal of the military transport aviation of the USSR, the aircraft embarked in January 1987. As of the 1998 year, an 54 flight copy was released, as well as one glider for performing static tests. At present, the An-124 is used by the 2-I regiments of the Russian Air Transport Corporation (25 aircraft), as well as by the 6 private airlines of Russia and Ukraine.

Production of aircraft may begin again in the near future. Until 2020, the Russian Ministry of Defense plans to acquire up to X-NUMX aircraft An-10 "Ruslan", another 124 aircraft are ready to buy private airlines. In any case, Ukrainian and Russian companies will be able to make a profit from the resumption of production only if there are firm orders on more than 60 machines. Currently, this aircraft is one of the most popular in the air cargo market, which allows us to hope for the resumption of its release.

It would have been difficult to believe this, but a military transport aircraft, created in the USSR, today flies in the interests of NATO. Recently, the airlines of Russia and Ukraine won again a tender for strategic air transportation for NATO as part of the SALIS program. A joint application for participation in the NATO tender was filed on 4 on April 2012 of the Russian Volga-Dnepr Group and the Ukrainian state-owned enterprise Antonov. The capabilities of the combined An-124-100 heavy military transport aircraft fleet, as well as their modifications, were presented to the tender committee.

Thus, the aircraft An-124 "Ruslan" will continue to carry out transportation of goods in the interests of NATO. The Ukrainian-Russian alliance has previously performed shipments in the interests of the 18 member countries of this program. From March 2006 of the year until the application for participation in the tender, An-124 aircraft made more than 2 100 flights, delivering more than 120 thousand tons of cargo, both civilian and military, to various countries. The current contract will be valid until December 31 2012.

Description of construction

The fuselage of the An-124 cargo aircraft “Ruslan” has two decks, which are divided into specialized sealed compartments for ease of maintenance and operation. The cargo compartment is designed for the transport of goods and equipment. The upper front deck is designed to accommodate the main and replacement crew (7 people), as well as equipment. The upper rear deck is used to accommodate persons accompanying cargo and equipment. The nose and rear parts of the fuselage (reclining nose) are equipped with cargo hatches, which allow you to quickly and efficiently load and unload even non-standard cargo from two directions of your choice.

The cargo compartment of “Ruslana” is pressurized and supercharged, its length is 36,5 meters (without ramp - 26,5 meters), the width of the compartment is 6,4 meters, height - 4,4 meters, volume is more than 1000 cube. meters It provides transportation of cargo with a total weight of up to 120 tons, parachute landing of cargo with a total weight of up to 100 tons on special platforms, as well as equipment and cargoes that exclude the use of platforms. The cargo compartment floor is made of titanium alloy and allows loading of all types of non-self-propelled and self-propelled vehicles, both wheeled and tracked, with axle loads up to 12 (10) tons when placed in one (two) row. Roller equipment allows unloading and loading of monolithic loads weighing up to 50 tons. The use of boost allows you to carry up to 88 passengers in an airplane at an altitude of up to 8 000 meters without using oxygen equipment.

The multi-wheeled “Ruslana” chassis (24 wheels) with a squat system allows the aircraft to change the parking clearance, as well as the angle of inclination of the fuselage to reduce the angle of inclination of the ramps and facilitate the process of loading and unloading. Each main landing gear includes 5 independent two-wheel struts, the front support consists of two 2 wheel struts. The steering system of the front landing gear pillars allows the multi-ton machine to make a turn on the runway up to 50 meters when using engine thrust. To fully utilize all the combat capabilities of the aircraft, it needs a runway longer than 3 000 meters, but if necessary, the machine can fly even from unpaved runways.

The power plant "Ruslana" includes a X-NUMX turbojet engine D-4T designed by V. A. Lotarev (ZMKB Progress), each with 18 23 power. With sufficiently high power, these engines are characterized by a relatively small mass, as well as moderate fuel consumption and low noise. The maximum mass of fuel on the plane is limited to its take-off weight and is 400 213 kg.

The airborne equipment of the An-124 military transport aircraft is designed to carry out transport assault missions and to drive the aircraft in day and night conditions, in simple and complex meteorological conditions, and long-time separation from the main airfield, as well as in opposition from the enemy. The equipment of "Ruslan" includes an automated communications system (TYPE-15), a flight-navigation sighting system (PNPK-124) and a landing-transport equipment complex. Flight navigation system (PNPK-124) consists of radar stations of the earth’s surface and front view, autonomous navigation system, aviation radio compass (ARC), optical television viewfinder, altitude-speed parameters, near (“Omega”) and long-distance (“Laurent”) navigation, aircraft driving equipment in combat formations, an astronavigation system, and an aircraft identification system. A total of 34 individual computers were used in ship control systems.

Modifications

An-124-100 - is a civilian modification of the aircraft An-124, was certified in 1992 year.

An-124-100М - A modified version of the aircraft with a crew of 4 people and foreign avionics. The aircraft has no world analogues in terms of maximum payload (100-120 tons), flight range and dimensions of the cargo compartment. In some cases, it can fly with a maximum payload of up to 150 tons. In this case, the decision on the flight is made after analyzing the characteristics of the aerodromes of take-off and landing, the availability of alternate aerodromes, as well as meteorological conditions along the entire flight route.

Currently, An-124-100 is operated by 6 airlines from Ukraine and Russia. The cost of this aircraft is estimated at about 70-100 million dollars. In 2000, the aircraft of Volga-Dnepr Airlines upgraded avionics (the Collins SAT-906 commercial satellite communications system, the TCAS-II airborne collision avoidance warning system, and the LTN-101 laser gyroscopes warning company Litton). The capacity of the side cranes was increased to 30 tons, and the crew was reduced to four people. Engine nacelles were equipped with sound-absorbing elements, which allowed the aircraft to comply with international requirements for sound noise

An-124-102
- a modification with a new information and control cockpit field as part of 3 people.

At present, Ruslan has firmly taken its place in a fairly small list of aircraft that not only performed well in the airline market, but also created a new sector in this market themselves. In the first 5 years since the commercial exploitation of Ruslan began, the average annual growth in air transportation of unique cargoes was 26%. The number of only US companies that resorted to the services of AN-124-100, doubled every 4 year. All of this was evidence of the huge commercial success of the aircraft on a global scale. AT stories Russian aviation had very few such examples. According to experts, at present, An-124 “Ruslan” is experiencing only its youth, the plane will be able to work even about 40-50 for years without any problems.

Performance characteristics of the An-124:
Dimensions: maximum wing span - 73,3 m., Length - 69,1 m., Height - 20,78 m.
Wing area - 628,5 square. m
Aircraft weight, kg
- empty - 173 000
- normal takeoff - 392 000
- maximum take-off - 405 000
Engine type - 4 TRDD D-18T Progress, thrust - 4x229,47 kN.
The maximum speed is 865 km / h, the cruising speed is 750-800 km / h.
Practical range (with maximum load): 4 500 km.
Ferrying range: 16 500 km.
Practical ceiling: 9 500 km.
Crew - 6 man
Payload: 120 000 - 150 000 kg. cargo or 88 passengers (up to 350 seats in the holds).

Sources used:
www.arms-expo.ru/049049056057124050049049054.html
www.armstass.su/?page=article&aid=108470&cid=25
www.airwar.ru/enc/craft/an124.html
www.testpilot.ru/russia/antonov/124/an124.htm
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34 comments
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  1. MDesant
    MDesant 11 July 2012 08: 29
    +1
    This is certainly a powerful aircraft, but the An-225 Mriya surpasses it in its characteristics
    [img] http://images.yandex.ru/yandsearch?text=mriya&img_url=bm.img.com.ua/img/prik
    ol/images/large/9/2/93729_120929.jpg&pos=4&rpt=simage&lr=75&noreask=1[/img]
    1. NickitaDembelnulsa
      NickitaDembelnulsa 11 July 2012 08: 30
      +1
      Mriya is too expensive.
      1. 755962
        755962 11 July 2012 22: 58
        +2
        And who is easy now? A crisis in the yard ...
  2. MDesant
    MDesant 11 July 2012 08: 30
    +2
    This is of course a powerful aircraft, but the An-225 Mriya surpasses it in all respects.
    1. neri73-r
      neri73-r 11 July 2012 12: 00
      +1
      Mriya is superior, but only two pieces were made, one flies now, that is, it is not serial, but the most serial of Ruslan is !!!!!! He flew on it (riding, in the sense of riding), an unforgettable experience, especially the moment of the start of the start (the start of movement on take-off), Formula 1 is resting !!!
      1. Insurgent
        Insurgent 11 July 2012 21: 37
        +2
        It’s like they’re not letting out Eco, they want to renew
  3. Fidain
    Fidain 11 July 2012 08: 53
    +2
    chto chto a kabino po lyubomu menyat nado.an-124 nuzhen dazh ochen, Rassia svoyo vremya stavku sdelala na VDV i desantu nuzhni .MIriya voobshe shedevor modornizirovot kak IL-76 (shas delayut), novie bole ekonomnie digoteli, avionika i vot samalyotnashoi vremeni.CCCP ostavil xoroshie nasledia, amerikanci do sex por ne smogli dognat pro ravado samdolve.
    1. cth; fyn
      cth; fyn 11 July 2012 10: 49
      0
      What did he write? damn you understand.
      but on the whole I agree, it is necessary to develop.
      It’s just that these planes are built almost like ships, all by hand.
  4. AK-74-1
    AK-74-1 11 July 2012 08: 54
    +1
    The plane is handsome. I saw him next to IL-76. Inspires respect. I am very happy for the example of cooperation in the provision of air services by these aircraft.
    1. VAF
      VAF 11 July 2012 09: 50
      +7
      Quote: AK-74-1
      I am very happy for the example of cooperation in the provision of air services by these aircraft.


      Let me ask, why are you so happy ????

      The fact that in the aviation of the RF Armed Forces there are only two An-124s, ready for operation, and amers and NATO-vtsy give a "green" street to win all sorts of tenders and "knock out" the resource from the aircraft in civilian operation ???

      When, finally, learn to think in an adult way ???

      Not a minus, but ...... I fundamentally disagree with your opinion!

      Amer, like the apple of his eye, is guarding his S-5s, while we are ours ... in the tail and in the mane ...... !!!
      1. White
        White 11 July 2012 10: 37
        +3
        C-5 is cherished not only because they are loved so much, but rather because of necessity it is not in vain that it has a load limit due to a problem with the wing.

        PS I think that if Russia were not so worried that a piece of the pie from the restoration of An-124 production would go to Ukraine, then this issue would move much faster.
        1. VAF
          VAF 11 July 2012 10: 52
          +3
          Quote: White
          C-5 is cherished not only because they are loved so much, but rather because of necessity it is not in vain that it has a load limit due to a problem with the wing.


          I didn’t catch my thought ... I’ll see deeply "buried" ... I’ll try easier ...... amers cherish the C-5, because they use it for WAR !!!!

          Well, in the second part, I absolutely agree, and even more, +! drinks
          1. leon-iv
            leon-iv 11 July 2012 12: 02
            0
            Americans are pragmatists. And they hire Volga-Dnepr not from a good life, but from peeling. They also hire almost all over the world. And this is more expensive for them than the exploitation of their sides.
            Moreover, the same A-ki they cost more than fly.
          2. M. Peter
            M. Peter 11 July 2012 19: 49
            0
            Quote: veteran.air force
            I didn’t catch my thought ... I’ll see deeply "buried" ... I’ll try easier ...... amers cherish the C-5, because they use it for WAR !!!!

            That is the whole reason. And even then, their plane, besides Abrams alone, cannot take this on board, they would be glad, but they cannot. And so without them at all.
            So they bustle like a chicken over eggs.

            By the way, one of the "Anov" flies to us in the U-UAZ. From the balcony of my house I often see him, so healthy.
            1. VAF
              VAF 12 July 2012 01: 24
              +1
              Quote: M.Pyotr
              By the way, one of the "Anov" flies to us in a U-UAZ.


              AMT picks up?
      2. neri73-r
        neri73-r 11 July 2012 12: 05
        +2
        ] The fact that there are only two An-124s in aviation of the RF Armed Forces, ready for operation,


        Yes, and the rest are on conservation, they are saving the engine resources, they all are standing in Seshche, sheathed. I talked with the pilots, they say - if the war happens, everyone will fly! Satisfied with themselves, they say fuel began to arrive and spare parts, everything is changing for the better !!!
        1. VAF
          VAF 11 July 2012 14: 11
          0
          Quote: neri73-r
          Yes, and the rest are on conservation, saving engine life


          And the glider is the same ... the usual practice ... when there is less than 50 hours left on the engine, then the plane is put ... in storage ... or used as a "donor" ...


          Quote: neri73-r
          there they are all standing in Seshche, sheathed.


          But where else can they stand if we had the only 556 regiment in Soza? By the way, the regiment was ... wonderful, but in principle it remained ... both combat and well-flying .... though now it is a separate squadron.

          That the fuel comes in, right, but it would be strange if there wasn’t kerosene in the oil-producing country ??? But there was such a thing in our history!

          These two Ruslans fly very much. In fact, the rest maintain the level on the IL-76 (the detachment attached to them) and on the simulator.

          Well, for the better it will be when at least 10 flying pieces appear!

          But I wish you only good luck and success in the military and political! +! drinks
          1. bamboo
            bamboo 12 July 2012 19: 17
            0
            I respect you, but there is a separate question, the last days you became so embittered !!! I read all the comments above with interest, I agree with everything, but where did you get so much anger from? You used to be different !!!
  5. Rus_87
    Rus_87 11 July 2012 09: 14
    +3
    Article "+", it was nice to read about the namesake once again =)) You look at such giants as Ruslan and Mriya and an extraordinary feeling embraces - pride for the country where he was born, for the country that could handle everything ...
    1. VAF
      VAF 11 July 2012 09: 58
      +6
      Quote: Rus_87
      the feeling embraces pride in the country where he was born, for that country which was everything on his shoulder ...


      I agree completely +! But the feeling of pride does not join the feeling of bitterness from the fact that such a country ... was ruined and plundered .... and that our rulers can not decide what and when to do .... with the An-124th?

      And according to the article, the author points to 6 companies, I know 5: 2 of ours, one Ukrainian, two foreign ones ... and that's it ... or the Russian Air Force has already "reformed" into an airline .... on the transportation of "furniture" for the department of Taburetkin ??? recourse
  6. cth; fyn
    cth; fyn 11 July 2012 10: 52
    0
    I saw a video of how this car crashed into the city
    Irkutsk-2, where the Sukhoi plant stands. They sent planes somewhere, loaded two su-24s, and he took ruhni and terrible shots to the city.
    1. VAF
      VAF 11 July 2012 12: 04
      +4
      Quote: cth; fyn
      Irkutsk-2, where the Sukhoi plant stands


      The Irkut plant, owned by the Irkut Corporation, specializes in the production of Su-27UB, Su-30 aircraft (all modifications of MK ... and KN ...) Yak-130, MS-21 ...




      Quote: cth; fyn
      They sent planes somewhere, loaded two su-24s


      December 6, 1997, 14-40 hours in the village of aircraft manufacturers Irkutsk-II suffered an accident An-124 "Ruslan" of the Russian Air Force.
      Killed 17 crew members and 6 representatives of the Irkutsk aircraft plant, accompanying the cargo: two Su-30MKV fighter aircraft destined for Vietnam.
      The plane in 20-25 seconds after take-off fell on a residential village, exploded and caught fire.
      A 4-storey 64-apartment building was completely destroyed, a boarding school, two residential wooden houses and a three-story school were partially damaged.
      In total, 72 people were killed under the rubble of the building and in the fire, including 14 children. The decryption of the "black boxes" showed that for unknown reasons there was a malfunction in the on-board computer: he gave the command to turn off the engines.



      Now at the scene of the tragedy in Irkutsk .....



      A blessed memory to all those who died ... condolences to the family and friends .....

      another example of such a terrible tragedy ....

      Amsterdam 1992 Boeing 747 crashed into a residential complex due to the destruction of 2 of 4 engines.




      1. M. Peter
        M. Peter 11 July 2012 19: 46
        +2
        Quote: veteran.air force
        December 6, 1997, 14-40 hours in the village of aircraft manufacturers Irkutsk-II suffered an accident An-124 "Ruslan" of the Russian Air Force. Killed 17 crew members and 6 representatives of the Irkutsk aircraft plant, accompanying the cargo: two Su-30MKV fighter aircraft destined for Vietnam. The plane in 20-25 seconds after take-off fell on a residential village, exploded and caught fire. A 4-storey 64-apartment building was completely destroyed, a boarding school, two residential wooden houses and a three-story school were partially damaged. In total, 72 people were killed under the rubble of the building and in the fire, including 14 children. The decryption of the "black boxes" showed that for unknown reasons there was a malfunction in the on-board computer: he gave the command to turn off the engines.

        Pretty often I go to this place.
        The chapel stands there.
        From this place, by the way, we see how new dryers are being tortured before being sent to the customer. good
  7. bazilio
    bazilio 11 July 2012 13: 11
    +1
    car beast. need more of these cars
  8. here and there
    here and there 11 July 2012 13: 15
    +1
    I'm glad that such splendor will begin to produce again)
  9. Andrei
    Andrei 11 July 2012 15: 26
    +1
    Yes, there would be more such planes ..... but for now it is only a dream for the beginning you need to put everything in order and modernize if necessary and resume production when all the innovations are worked out on existing machines ... and pay more attention to such safety the plane is too expensive and the crew is not easy to train to manage such a colossus; I don’t want to lose the pros due to a computer error or a problem which could have been avoided by working out such situations on the ground and checking the performance of all systems to the smallest detail because if engines fail, this is not a car he just stalls and gets up and the plane crashes ...
  10. ZuluS
    ZuluS 11 July 2012 16: 18
    -4
    Someone can explain, with what fright, NA is the pride of Russia? I understand everything there was a union, but OKB Antonov belongs to Ukraine, and it was developed, even with the union, everything in Ukraine! Based on this logic, the Sukhoi Design Bureau planes are the "pride of Ukraine" Well, at least the An-124 is the joint "pride of Ukraine and Russia"! Answer me, if education and endurance permits, without hysterics and accusations of all deadly sins !!!
    1. Eugene
      Eugene 11 July 2012 17: 30
      +1
      Quote: ZuluS
      OKB Antonova Design Bureau belongs to Ukraine,

      Right.
      Quote: ZuluS
      Based on this logic, the aircraft of the Sukhoi Design Bureau are "the pride of Ukraine"

      stupidity and nothing follows.
      Quote: ZuluS
      Well, at least An-124 is a joint "pride of Ukraine and Russia"!

      This is more accurate, because production, it was on the territory of the RSFSR and Russia.
      1. ZuluS
        ZuluS 11 July 2012 18: 35
        -1
        For reference, 18 An-124 units, like the Mriya, were produced at the Aviant Kiev plant! ! !
        For example, Toyota Camry is produced in Russia, but I have not heard anywhere that they are called "the pride of Russia". I mean, production under a license does not automatically imply belonging to the country of the manufacturer! The bottom line is the wording! I do not want to offend the capabilities of the Russian aircraft industry in any way!
    2. Kyrgyz
      Kyrgyz 11 July 2012 21: 22
      +2
      Quote: ZuluS
      Someone can explain, with what fright, NA is the pride of Russia? I understand everything there was a union, but OKB Antonov belongs to Ukraine, and it was developed, even with the union, everything in Ukraine! Based on this logic, the Sukhoi Design Bureau planes are the "pride of Ukraine" Well, at least the An-124 is the joint "pride of Ukraine and Russia"! Answer me, if education and endurance permits, without hysterics and accusations of all deadly sins !!!

      AN is a result of the labor and development of the USSR, Russia is the only successor to the USSR, and the merits of the USSR are now mainly Russian, and to a lesser extent whose else, of course, this machine or any other AN, if any, is produced with the main participation and financing of Russia, because and the majority of orders will be for Russia, Ukraine, most likely, will only nominally participate in the AN project. tongue
      1. saturn.mmm
        saturn.mmm 11 July 2012 21: 50
        +3
        Quote: Kyrgyz
        Ukraine is likely to only nominally participate in the AN project.

        Antonov Design Bureau and production associations are Ukrainian property, components in Russia. They won’t understand how much from the sale how many percent will be and here production is stalling. If it weren’t for morons and Zhmodyars, they could have 50% of the transported air transportation and there would be enough for new planes.
        An-124 is a unique, ingenious aircraft, if history is ruined, it will not forgive.
      2. ZuluS
        ZuluS 12 July 2012 03: 27
        +1
        For God's sake! Who is against it? Iran and Kazakhstan assemble An-140, why Russia can not assemble An-124? If Russia is proud of the Ukrainian aviation industry, I am only FOR! tongue
    3. Lieutenant colonel
      Lieutenant colonel 26 July 2012 04: 27
      0
      I agree - this is not the correct title of the article. It was necessary to call her - the pride of the USSR. And the pride is really Russia and Ukraine.
  11. M. Peter
    M. Peter 11 July 2012 19: 43
    +1
    When I read about the An-124, this video immediately pops up on me ..
    http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=IwAgl_aR4iw
  12. flanker7
    flanker7 11 July 2012 22: 10
    +1
    M. Peter,
    Our glorious past. Sorry !!
    1. Lieutenant colonel
      Lieutenant colonel 26 July 2012 04: 30
      0
      The plane has no less glorious future! The states have a JOINT future in question (I hope "for now"). And the plane is really very good. BTA Russia needs it, oh, how it is needed. Let's hope for the prevalence of reason in the Ministry of Defense and government