Military Review

Disguise military equipment. Misleading the enemy

There are topics that do not disappear after regular publications, but periodically arise after some events. Like, for example, the theme of World War II before the next anniversary, the theme of Victory in the Great Patriotic War before May 9. At the same time, topics remain relevant and interest readers. Today is just such a topic.

Disguise military equipment. Misleading the enemy

It's about disguise. More precisely, on the disguise of military equipment and weapons. The fact is that even among the military there is a somewhat misconception about camouflage as such. Not to mention civil readers. Covering the whole topic is difficult. Therefore, I will reveal only the most significant and important aspects and talk about some types of camouflage. And let's start with the basics.

What is camouflage?

First of all, about the very concept of camouflage. In the most primitive sense, camouflage is the process of hiding one's own forces and means from the enemy. In fact, disguise is not only a game of hide and seek, but also an imitation of the composition of its own forces, weapons, fortifications, bridges, pipelines, airfields, and more. This is a system of misleading the enemy.

Classic examples of this disguise are known to all. Moscow and Leningrad during the siege. When, with the help of certain measures, cities became practically unknown to enemy pilots and gunners. On the map, one thing, in fact, another. Or a less well-known fact is the use of pseudo-tanks and pseudo-aircraft in the battle on the Kursk Bulge by the Soviet side. When at the front line suddenly appeared out of nowhere more than 500 tanks and 200 aircraft.

Disguise events are held at various levels. On the scale of the event, camouflage can be strategic, operational and tactical. Naturally, various engineering, technical and organizational measures are carried out.

It is clear that camouflage cannot be absolute. It is impossible to practically disguise an object from everything at once. Theoretically, this is possible, but practically ... In a real situation, success can be guaranteed only with 100% knowledge of enemy intelligence.

Hence another division of camouflage, by enemy intelligence. From “classics” like optical, thermal and sound to exotic ones such as acoustic, hydroacoustic, radio engineering and others. Only complex masking is effective.

Some types of effective camouflage. Camouflage net

The most famous way to disguise equipment and weapons is known to everyone from films and their own service. This disguise has been over a hundred years old. The camouflage net was first used in World War I to cover artillery batteries and headquarters from aviation and enemy intelligence. And as the number of networks increases, the infantry positions and even entire fortified areas become masked.

The main requirement for a camouflage net is its complete identity with the surrounding area. And installing such protection from a prying eye does not take much time. True, such a network can only work efficiently at a certain distance. It rarely saves from visual observation of enemy intelligence.

There is another important drawback of this method of masking equipment and weapons. A classic grid cannot protect from a thermal imager or radar. Today, the classic mesh is more of an auxiliary camouflage than self-masking. More precisely, one of the elements of camouflage.

True, at present there are networks that can protect not only from visual, but also other types of reconnaissance - such as radar and thermal imagers. They are used to cover the mines of strategic missiles, headquarters and other important objects. Moreover, camouflage nets are used to completely block radio waves in both directions.

Despite the simplicity of construction and worldwide fame, camouflage net remains one of the most commonly used camouflage. Moreover, there are no restrictions for using the network. She can cover a freestanding machine, gun, or disguise the firing position of the squad, platoon, company.

You can make a forest road, field airfield, field hospital or ammunition depot “disappear”. There is a known case when a part of a large highway in Africa “suddenly disappeared”. The grid can work even in motion! Cars and other military equipment when driving on field roads, especially in the woods, are perfectly hidden under this camouflage. Aviation simply does not see them.

In general, the capabilities of camouflage networks have not yet been fully disclosed. New production technologies give rise to new opportunities for their use.

Aerosol masking

Under this scientific term is another well-known household name that came to the army from antiquity. Smoke screen. True, in modern times the combat mission of aerosol camouflage has changed somewhat.

In ancient times, smokes masked positions to conceal the size or location of troops. And since the First World War, smoke began to be used to disorient the work of artillery. You must admit that during direct fire firing, it is quite difficult for gunners to fire at an enemy that appears and disappears.

For some reason, it is believed that fumes are ineffective and work for a short time. Meanwhile, the use of this type of disguise is quite large-scale. The most grandiose smoke in navy. The areas hidden from the enemy are measured in tens of square kilometers! Smokes that can hide a squadron!

On land, such a disguise is also used quite often and on a large scale. Remember the movies where tankers simulate a car hit with a bucket of diesel fuel and rags. This is a classic movie trick actually used during World War II.

But were in stories wars and smokes of "naval scale". Even a special order was on the use of smoke (order on the Western Front of 26 on October 1943 of the year “On the mass and everyday use of camouflage smoke”).

When crossing the Dnieper, chemists created camouflage smoke with a length of 30 km! And during the capture of Berlin, more precisely, when the troops forced Marshal Konev Neisse, the river was simply hidden by smoke. Artillery dealt a powerful blow to the second line of defense, raised huge clouds of dust, and the troops forced the river under a smokescreen. How many tens of thousands of lives were then saved is unknown. But saved for sure.

But smoke is also used "vice versa." There are a great many ammunition that interfere with the effective work of the enemy directly in his positions. These are artillery shells, and air bombs, and other methods of moving smoke towards the enemy’s positions (in particular, special machines that create a powerful smoke screen with a fair wind).

In general, aerosol masking remains relevant today. The emergence of new substances that are used by military chemists makes this disguise quite long in time and resistant to the vagaries of the weather. So, during the exercises there was a case when smoke covered the group of forces for two days continuously!

Blinding camouflage

Unfortunately, this type of camouflage is used quite a bit today. The reason is simple: the emergence of many devices that allow you to see what is in reality. Perhaps that is why few people think about this type of disguise. Even when it is in meters from an object disguised in this way. The essence of this disguise is not in complete merging with the terrain, but in the distortion of the real image of the object. What is it for?

The answer to this question must be sought in the history of the First World War. The British fleet then suffered huge losses from German submarines. It is impossible to hide ships from the periscopes of submariners. But to make sure that the German torpedoes did not hit the ships was possible. The task was to create the illusion of the submarine commander. That's right, an illusion. By the size of the ship, by range ...

The problem was solved by ... coloring the warships. Invented a special coloring for ships British naval officer Norman Wilkinson. He proposed to color the warships in the style of ... cubism. Moreover, the coloring should be bright enough.

Those who at least once saw paintings by cubist artists of the early 20 century remember the strangeness of this style of painting. Pictures are perceived by different people in different ways. And even a minimal change in the illumination of the picture completely changes this perception. Ghost paintings, or "living" pictures.

The first ship, which in a new coloring went on a military campaign, was the HMS Alsatian. It happened in the year 1917. Spectators on the shore were amazed that the ship at a short distance from the shore suddenly turned into a pile of some obscure different-sized parts.

Moreover, the ship became larger. But most importantly, the audience could not even determine such a simple thing as where the feed is located, and where the bow of the ship. With the help of special coloring, the battle ship turned into a ghost!

By the way, Soviet armored trains and armored cars of the times of the Great Patriotic War were sometimes painted precisely using the technology of blinding camouflage! The blurring dimensions of the train significantly reduced the effectiveness of enemy aircraft. One of these armored cars in yellow-green coloring today stands in a museum in St. Petersburg.

Today, such a coloring is used little. More precisely, it is modernized. Remember the sea battle boats and small ships with their coloring. Wilkinson's idea in modern execution. Camouflage, which combines the effect of a camouflage net and the disappearance of dimensions, blurring the appearance of a dazzling camouflage.

By the way, the idea of ​​a sailor was picked up by the British army. The British in the same way painted several of their tanks. For the infantry, a new helmet coloring was proposed. Visually, such a soldier made a terrible impression: a certain analogue of the “headless horseman" ...

Overall, blinding camouflage is a thing of the past. Today, the use of weapons, especially in the Navy, has little to do with the visual perception of the object. The commander today focuses little on his own perception of the enemy ship. This is done by smart devices that do not respond to visual special effects.

Imitation of military equipment and weapons

Probably not among the readers of a man who would not know the saying about a needle in a haystack. Indeed, finding a small needle in a pile of dry grass is difficult. But there is an even more difficult and impossible task. Find a needle in a pile of other needles!

The next type of camouflage is precisely the same needle in a pile of other needles. We are talking about fake equipment and weapons, which mislead the enemy regarding opposing forces and weapons.

In general, ways to “increase” one's own power and thereby scare the enemy have always been used in war. Remember the famous bonfires that, on the orders of Macedon, Suvorov, Kutuzov and many other generals, were burned by soldiers before the decisive battles? Purely visual, the number of bonfires increased the number of troops at times and spread uncertainty in the ranks of the enemy.

Even earlier, the knights used roughly the same disguise. Huge armor, various wings, horns and the like, wide cloaks created the illusion of the power of a knight in the enemy. A huge rider against a small infantryman.

The modern version of the knight’s wings is inflatable weapons models. It is doubtful that the pilot who noticed the C-300 complex will not react to this installation. Especially when the devices confirm that it is a real machine.

The beginning of the use of "balloons" is considered the Second World War. It was then that the Americans first used the Sherman tank inflatable mock-ups. By the way, the layout was made very high quality. It was difficult to distinguish a “sell” from a real tank.

By the way, the Americans transferred several of these “cars” to the USSR. The effect pleased our command, and the production of inflatable tanks was established in the USSR on an industrial scale. Even special teams of artists were created who painted the models as close as possible to those machines that were used on this sector of the front.

On the one hand, producing inflatable mock-ups is simple and not particularly expensive. But on the other hand, in war conditions, they count every penny. And here, savvy came to the rescue of the Soviet soldiers.

Remember the recent film "28 Panfilov"? An episode with an imitation of a German tank that needs to be destroyed, and an episode with an artillery battery of logs a couple of hundred meters ahead of real positions. These are real episodes, more than once described in the memoirs of front-line soldiers.

Soviet commanders did exactly the same during the war. Artillery batteries, tank units in waiting areas, headquarters and even airfields were built from improvised material. There were even sapper units that were constantly engaged in this.

In the old Soviet film about the clumsy soldier Ogurtsov and the mother foreman Semibab under the title "Restless Farm" just one of such airfields is shown. Wooden mock-ups of aircraft that take on the attacks of enemy aircraft.

But let's leave history to the present. Today, in the presence of a large number of identification devices, it is difficult to deceive the enemy with wooden or even inflatable models. It is necessary to bring the layout as close as possible to reality in many ways.

Those mock-ups of C-300 launchers or aircraft of various modifications, which sometimes flash on TV screens, for devices create a complete picture of reality. Radars fix mock-ups as real cars (special fabric is used), thermal imagers “see” hot motors (special imitators) and so on.

Probably the only drawback of layouts today is their limited "range". The T-72 and T-80 tanks, Su-27 and MiG-31 aircraft, and S-300 air defense systems “fight” in the Russian army.

Prospects for the development of modern camouflage

Much of what is used today to effectively camouflage troops in the Russian army remains behind the scenes. The format of the article does not allow to touch upon all aspects of this activity of the Russian military. And the work of camouflage specialists requires keeping your mouth shut.

The rivalry between intelligence and those who oppose it has always been and will continue. The value of information from the enemy camp in a war is determined by the thousands of lives of their own soldiers. If we consider the experience of the Great Patriotic War, it should be noted: there are many examples of just such mistakes.

The episode of the crossing of the Neisse River by the troops of Marshal Konev was mentioned above. But there was another episode, which is little voiced by our historians. Crossing the river with troops of Marshal Zhukov. And this episode is directly related to the topic of this material. When the German maskers surpassed our scouts and replaced mock-ups instead of real troops.

Realizing that the Russians would advance with great forces, the Germans created many imitations of firing positions on the first line of defense. And immediately before the start of the offensive, the troops were sent to the second line. The most powerful fire raid fell on the layouts. And our soldiers were advancing with the backlighting on anti-aircraft searchlights on the raised dust. But the Germans saw the advancing at a glance.

The emergence of new detection systems, new weapons, new methods of warfare will always lead to the emergence of counteraction systems. This means that the art of disguise will not only live, but will also constantly develop. These are interconnected processes.

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  1. tlauicol
    tlauicol 5 October 2019 06: 01
    Pictures, pictures and pictures again!
    1. Mainbeam
      Mainbeam 5 October 2019 06: 19
      Yes, with pictures more fun)))

      1. tracer
        tracer 5 October 2019 06: 36
        If you also dress sailors in zebra costumes with tails. The enemy’s crew will also go crazy
        1. Kote Pan Kokhanka
          Kote Pan Kokhanka 5 October 2019 08: 10
          Well, for every sly zebra, there is at least a striped tiger !!!
          By the way, in the wake of the sailors, the “cubists” camouflage was used in the NATO tank forces, in particular, as “urban” for the Leopards!

          Leopard 2A7

          Although the British did not lag behind in their experiments:

          Chieftain (Leader)
          1. Catfish
            Catfish 5 October 2019 09: 35
            Hello, Vlad hi .

            Well, for every sly zebra, there is at least a striped tiger !!!

            Once in Kubinka I found just such a "tiger":

            It seems to be "Pershing" and it looks like a Vietnamese trophy.
            1. Kote Pan Kokhanka
              Kote Pan Kokhanka 5 October 2019 09: 43
              Good day!
              Konstantin, I also wanted to insert this "Tiger", but the "zebra cubists" - Chieftain and especially Leopard 2 - are no match for the American Pershing! It’s like a pussy itself would take its claws! laughing
            2. Catfish
              Catfish 5 October 2019 19: 09
              Where would he, "grandfather", but the course machine gun from him just touches me to tears. good
              1. Saxahorse
                Saxahorse 5 October 2019 21: 09
                Quote: Sea Cat
                Where would he, "grandfather", but the course machine gun from him just touches me to tears.

                Wow! The machine gun is absolutely crazy here! It is impossible to understand how one can aim from it somewhere. laughing
            3. Pavel57
              Pavel57 9 October 2019 00: 10
              Rather, a Korean trophy.
              1. Catfish
                Catfish 9 October 2019 12: 40
                Rather, yes, in Vietnam they didn’t seem to be there anymore, for that they were written off for scrap.
      2. Lexus
        Lexus 5 October 2019 19: 32
        Marder 1A5 in barracuda swedish camouflage

        Finnish BMP-2MD (not bad modernized Soviet BMP-2)
        1. Saxahorse
          Saxahorse 5 October 2019 21: 11
          This style of disguise is called a "bag of potatoes"!
      3. tima_ga
        tima_ga 6 October 2019 21: 57
        Joke is gorgeous, thanks
      4. Sasha_rulevoy
        Sasha_rulevoy 7 October 2019 18: 58
        Where does this second picture come from? Fantasy.
        1. Mainbeam
          Mainbeam 8 October 2019 09: 56
          Quote: Sasha_rulevoy
          Where does this second picture come from?

          yandex images for the request "ship disguise"
  2. eagle owl
    eagle owl 5 October 2019 06: 58
    And there are many camouflage insanities. For example, why the heck to sailors of Ukrainian armored boats Camouflage rags? Or over the Chinese marines recently neighing here - a gray-blue marine looks beautiful in the snow with dead grass. Unnoticed so ...
    1. Maki Avellevich
      Maki Avellevich 5 October 2019 07: 23
      Quote: Uhu
      And there are many camouflage insanities. For example, why the heck to sailors of Ukrainian armored boats Camouflage rags?

      on the shore they are so worse visible
      1. 2 Level Advisor
        2 Level Advisor 5 October 2019 07: 28
        Well, yes .. and in the sea they, in principle, can at least walk in bright yellow (though they walk in vests) - all the same, they will see the ship earlier ..
      2. eagle owl
        eagle owl 5 October 2019 07: 32
        In the blue and white camouflage, they are so worse visible? Where are the colors on the beach? In LTP? Then yes, IM is useful laughing
        And there is a separate joke - these are hunters with tourists. Camouflage is needed ... Well, just nothing without it. And especially - color! wassat
        1. Maki Avellevich
          Maki Avellevich 5 October 2019 07: 34
          Quote: Uhu
          In the blue and white camouflage, they are so worse visible? Where are the colors on the beach?

          Well, for example, you sit in Santorini at the port, drink beer, merge with the surrounding landscape.
    2. Kote Pan Kokhanka
      Kote Pan Kokhanka 5 October 2019 08: 17
      Quote: Uhu
      ...... Or over the Chinese marines recently neighing here - a gray-blue marine looks beautiful in the snow with dead grass. Unnoticed so ...

      Gray-blue camouflage, as it was not paradoxically designed and intended for urban battles! Unlike the classic brown-green and khaki, it is versatile and all-weather.
      By the way, it is not in vain that the power structures of the police (today the Russian Guard) were armed with three colors of the form: black, blue and green lumps!
      Regards, Kote!
      1. Lopatov
        Lopatov 5 October 2019 11: 09
        Quote: Kote pane Kohanka
        Gray-blue camouflage, as it was not paradoxically designed and intended for urban battles!

        Gray gray. The correct urban camouflage is shades of gray, but there are shades of gray-blue
        And in the Chinese marines, it is rather blue-blue with the addition of light green spots.

        Really weird.
        1. Saxahorse
          Saxahorse 5 October 2019 21: 12
          Quote: Spade
          Really weird.

          You are right of course, but .. But it’s beautiful! laughing
    3. Alexey RA
      Alexey RA 7 October 2019 18: 23
      Quote: Uhu
      For example, why the heck to sailors of Ukrainian armored boats Camouflage rags?

      Everything is like the big ones - USN has also been wearing camouflage for a long time. A few years ago, even the politicians drove to the USN due to the fact that there were already three types of camouflage in the Navy - wouldn’t it be bold for the sailors to cry so much for the budget shortage? And the naval had to abandon blueberries (you fell overboard - and you are not visible) and dress the crew in a single green-brown-black camouflage, originally intended only for coastal units. However, the second type of camouflage - desert - USN did leave for SPN and personnel when working in areas with a hot climate.
  3. 501Legion
    501Legion 5 October 2019 07: 07
    this news. there are not enough visual examples in the form of photos, etc. any article is more interesting with examples and not empty text
  4. Vadim T.
    Vadim T. 5 October 2019 07: 54
    The topic is interesting and little studied. Many thanks to the author. But I would like to continue, with examples from domestic and world history.
    1. Kote Pan Kokhanka
      Kote Pan Kokhanka 5 October 2019 09: 49
      In the thirteenth year, VO had a series of articles about Soviet BTT camouflage from the Great Patriotic War, with black and white photographs from BA-10 and BA-20 to ZIS-57 and KV-2, plus schemes and requirements for painting military vehicles. Alas, as today's work is not sad, it does not reach that.
      1. Vadim T.
        Vadim T. 5 October 2019 10: 00
        Vladislav, thanks for the information - be sure to read it. But you still vainly criticize the author - he has a review article - about various types of camouflage, and not specifically about camouflage of armored vehicles.
        1. Kote Pan Kokhanka
          Kote Pan Kokhanka 5 October 2019 10: 30
          Dear Vadim, notice I criticize the respected Author, and do not scold! According to military disguise, from 3 to 5 articles are published annually on the resource. Alas, the last 4 years, I haven’t emphasized anything new for myself, and the quality of work is getting worse and worse annually. And again, not to the author’s reproach, review articles are needed, but remembering the “D” -Cubic camouflage — in marine camouflage of surface ships. It is necessary at least to start with “A” - the Ball painting of surface ships, then “B”, “C”, “G” and then to “I” !!!
          Submarines, boats, aircraft, tanks, etc., had their camouflage and protective (camouflage) colors.
          Mentioning - a rag, with a bucket of diesel fuel, it is necessary to recall the regular smoke system of the Red Army! The same torpedo boats had special checkers, however, like their older brothers.
          You can continue for a long time .....
  5. bratchanin3
    bratchanin3 5 October 2019 09: 14
    Very high quality work of the author on the material! An equally important topic is disorienting disguise and props.
    1. Aviator_
      Aviator_ 5 October 2019 09: 34
      As noted above, there are no illustrations for the text. This is a significant flaw. Many examples have been analyzed, but there is only one picture.
      1. eagle owl
        eagle owl 5 October 2019 11: 43
        Pictures are. Camouflaged winked
        1. Aviator_
          Aviator_ 5 October 2019 14: 56
          It seems so. Very well camouflaged.
  6. rocket757
    rocket757 5 October 2019 09: 21
    Disguise is a fusion of art and science! Keep it up.
  7. riwas
    riwas 5 October 2019 09: 30
    From my article "Asymmetric Response to Precision Weapons"
    The US division of the Patriot air defense missile system includes a decoys service section. Each battery should prepare several positions with dummies up to 3 km away. Frequent changes in positions should prevent the enemy from discovering the location of air defense weapons.
    During the Desert Storm hostilities, Iraq used a significant number of dummies of weapons and air defense equipment. This made it possible to hide the true position of air defense weapons not only from reconnaissance satellites, but also from enemy pilots. According to the American command, from 20 to 50 percent of the strikes fell on false targets.

    The British firm "BTP Materials Systems" has proposed two new types of material that reduce the likelihood of detecting military equipment by IR and air reconnaissance radars. The first of them, called "permirrem", provides a reduction in thermal radiation from the object to a level corresponding to the background of the surrounding vegetation. It is a glass fiber reinforced plastic with a proprietary pigment. This material can be used to make racks, rods, visors and umbrellas. According to the developers, it provides protection against active and passive IR reconnaissance means.
    The second (radio-absorbing) material is created in two versions: "silvers" (used as an integral component in coatings to reduce the radar signature) and "periaram" (can be produced in the form of individual sheets or elements of complex configuration with the inclusion of glass-fiber-reinforced plastic for manufacturing hulls of some types of combat vehicles and weapons carriers).
    There are examples from the Second World War, but they are large, I do not risk citing them.
    1. Chaldon48
      Chaldon48 5 October 2019 10: 52
      Can I scare or not, I don’t know in motion, is it when one real tank drags a pair of inflatables?
  8. Monar
    Monar 5 October 2019 11: 30
    Blinding camouflage
    What kind of nonsense? How can camouflage dazzle someone?
    Distorting camouflage. Or a distorting color.
    1. tracer
      tracer 5 October 2019 11: 48

      "I am begging you" . HERE IS AN EXAMPLE. All you listed here.

    2. Lopatov
      Lopatov 5 October 2019 13: 06
      Quote: Monar
      What kind of nonsense? How can camouflage dazzle someone?

      Ask artist Norman Wilkinson. laughing
      It was he who invented the very principle of painting and its name, "dazzle painting". Moreover, with a high probability, all this was patented.
  9. Proctologist
    Proctologist 5 October 2019 12: 09
    Remember the recent film “28 Panfilov’s”? ... These are real episodes that have been described more than once in the memoirs of front-line soldiers.

    There weren't any "Panfilovites"! A wholly invented story. Why refer to what was not, even if the techniques of disguise from art film used in practice? Here about practice on examples and with a photo it would be more interesting to read ...
  10. Dr. Hub
    Dr. Hub 5 October 2019 12: 41
    Do not criticize the author. The article is good. Let the facts and known, but summarized in the article well. Pictures would be more. Since childhood, I love pictures) ((
  11. Undecim
    Undecim 5 October 2019 13: 09
    Blinding camouflage
    Invented a special coloring for ships British naval officer Norman Wilkinson.
    Wilkinson did not come up with special coloring. He came up with one of her options.
    In September 1914, the British zoologist John Kerr sent a letter to Winston Churchill, First Lord of the Admiralty, in which he formulated a proposal for painting ships, "destroying" their contours when observed with optical instruments and making it difficult to accurately determine the distance. Kerr's proposal was based, in turn, on the work of the American artist and naturalist Abboa Thayer on "destructive coloring", who in 1902, together with Brush, received a patent for "The process of treating the outer sides of ships to make them less visible."
    In 1915, Thayer himself turned to Churchill with a proposal to introduce shading based on shadows, like sea animals.
    The Admiralty reviewed the proposals and replied that they were "of academic interest but not practical."
    Wilkinson, being primarily a marine painter and illustrator, having familiarized himself with Kerr's proposals, recognized them as completely correct, but did not agree with Kerr in the "technical" aspects, believing that much more could be achieved and made so that it was difficult for the enemy to assess the type of ship. its size, speed and course, and thus prevent it from taking an optimal attack position.
    It is possible that Wilkinson’s proposal would have followed the previous ones, but the British Admiralty, as they say, pushed German submarines to the wall.
    Wilkinson was appointed head of the naval camouflage unit, took the room in the basement of the Academy of Arts and put at his disposal two dozen student artists, mostly girls. Other academy staff, including sculptors and decorators, also participated. Various variants of coloring schemes were previously tested on models and only after that were used to paint ships. More than 4000 merchant ships and 400 warships received camouflage coloring.
    After the war, a dispute arose between Kerr and Wilkinson over the priority of creating "blinding camouflage", which lasted for three years. In the end, Kerr wrote that he did not pretend to be invented by nature and Wilkinson received his priority.

    Wilkinson's painting "Lunar Convoy," which he painted in 1918 to demonstrate his camouflage technique.
    1. Undecim
      Undecim 5 October 2019 13: 19

      British aircraft carrier Argus - 1917.
      1. Undecim
        Undecim 5 October 2019 13: 20

        He is in camouflage.
        1. Undecim
          Undecim 5 October 2019 13: 25

          Aircraft carrier Furies, 1918.
  12. Lopatov
    Lopatov 5 October 2019 13: 20
    The fact is that even among the military there is a somewhat misconception about camouflage as such. Not to mention civil readers ........ Camouflage net

    The military actually uses the term "camouflage kit"
    Moreover, this is a special case of such a very voluminous concept as "artificial masks"
  13. Lopatov
    Lopatov 5 October 2019 13: 24
    During the war, field airfields were masked by scattering nitrogen fertilizers. Dark spots appeared on the grass cover, visually "turning" a flat area into a bumpy
  14. Brylevsky
    Brylevsky 5 October 2019 14: 53
    Camouflage Examples:

    1. Ural-4320
      Ural-4320 5 October 2019 17: 16
      With elephants, camouflage is excellent !!!
  15. ccsr
    ccsr 5 October 2019 17: 49
    Alexander Staver
    True, there are currently networks that can protect not only from visual, but also from other types of reconnaissance - such as radar and thermal imagers. They are used to cover the mines of strategic missiles, headquarters and other important objects. Moreover, camouflage nets are used to completely block radio waves in both directions.

    This is some fantastic idea of ​​the current situation of people who are far from reality. Firstly, all the coordinates of stationary military objects, including mines and buried structures, are known to our enemy, because their construction was tracked from satellites from the very beginning, both during the use of film and in the later period when optical electronic systems, RTR, radar and infrared systems installed on different types of reconnaissance satellites.
    Secondly, all large headquarters cannot do without command and control, which means that different types of radio will be used, which will allow the enemy to very quickly open not only large, but also lower-level headquarters.
    And thirdly, most importantly, I am 99,9% sure that all officers of the Russian armed forces have a detailed dossier, right down to the characteristics of their voice, which is kept by the NSA due to the fact that they all have mobile phones, smartphones and computers. which they use even during office hours. So any "sudden" change in the location of the owners of the phones, their movement outside of ordinary situations, will immediately be opened by our enemy. And only then the reaction will begin when they begin to monitor in detail certain categories of servicemen. Unfortunately, our carelessness will surely lead to the fact that, because of some eccentric, all the means of disguise you have listed will go under the tail, and this is obvious for those who served in the army.
    So you should not rely on grandfather's methods, if now is a century of electronic means of various kinds, which means that there will always be unmasking whether we want it or not.
    This means that the art of disguise will not only live, but will also constantly develop. These are interconnected processes.

    It is not necessary to wishful thinking because the future war, if it occurs, will be so short-term that everything will be decided by the strategic nuclear forces, from which no camouflage can save. And it will not be so much the objects of military infrastructure that will be destroyed as the economic and human potential of the enemy, and this is certainly not a disguise.
    1. meandr51
      meandr51 6 October 2019 14: 10
      That's right, but these factors can also be used. For example, to create dozens of new "headquarters" - radio simulations, to dig up hundreds of missile "mines". And, finally, in the event of hostilities, drastically take away all mobile phones or simply turn off all networks and turn on simulation networks. You just need to be flexible.
      1. ccsr
        ccsr 6 October 2019 17: 48
        Quote: meandr51
        For example, to create dozens of new "headquarters" - radio simulations, to dig up hundreds of missile "mines".

        This is not so easy to solve, as it may seem to you, because first of all, our adversary is not so stupid, and is able to understand after a certain time what this or that object actually represents.
        Secondly, satellite systems carry out identification by several parameters, so that the cost of camouflage can simply go through the roof, and the human factor can reduce it all to zero.
        Yes, in the short term we can mislead the enemy, but I don’t think it will be so important to them - they will be more interested in their own abilities to hide preparations for a surprise attack. And therefore, we should think more not about disguising stationary objects, but about revealing the enemy’s plan in a period that allows us to make a decision not only to retaliate, but also to get ahead of them with our preventive strike in order to reduce our future losses.
    2. Moore
      Moore 7 October 2019 08: 43
      Yes, the author slightly confused the mine launchers with GPRK. Mine in some delicate moments are covered not by nets, but by these very aerosols / smokes.
      About this unit:

      Or simpler - stationary checkers.
      Well, with the layouts of the rocket launchers thinner. This is proposed to be considered an imitation of APU, under the ILC (network), of course:

      By the way, for camouflaging a gun at the outpost, my teacher at the school would have slapped a "couple" into the calculation - they always sought a "smooth" transition from the terrain to the mask covering it.
  16. tank-master
    tank-master 5 October 2019 19: 47

    this is camouflage ... if anyone finds out the brand of the tank I will be glad that there are specialists still.
    1. Alex koch
      Alex koch 5 October 2019 20: 23
      And not BM Is it a bastion?)
      1. Saxahorse
        Saxahorse 5 October 2019 21: 19
        Quote: Alex Koch
        And not BM Is it a bastion?)

        No .. Abrams superlight of course! laughing
      2. tank-master
        tank-master 6 October 2019 16: 12
        Well done .. pointed exactly ... just not sure. Trying to guess ...
        1. Alex koch
          Alex koch 6 October 2019 19: 13
          It's just that "BM Oplot" topvar does not allow to write, he speaks too shortly)
          1. tank-master
            tank-master 7 October 2019 13: 05
            wrote ... but you can remember about a bad dancer.
            That's right ... the only prototype ... 49 it was delivered to Thailand ... and this is the only .. experienced and can’t do it anymore.
    2. Bad thing
      Bad thing 6 October 2019 07: 41
      For the FAB-500, the brand of the tank does not matter.
      1. tank-master
        tank-master 6 October 2019 16: 13
        Naturally ... but they also need to get ... and find where to get.
  17. alexander 2
    alexander 2 6 October 2019 01: 32
    I read it somehow. Some kind of near-oil company ordered hunting lodges for their superiors. With delivery directly to the taiga by helicopter. With military style paint. That is, in camouflage. After a short time, the same order arrived. But with one exception. The roofs of these houses should be brightly red. It turned out that they can not be found.
    Probably ownerless houses still stand somewhere in the taiga.
  18. ccsr
    ccsr 6 October 2019 09: 45
    Alexander Staver
    The emergence of new detection systems, new weapons, new methods of warfare will always lead to the emergence of counteraction systems. This means that the art of disguise will not only live, but will also constantly develop. These are interconnected processes.

    The emergence of new weapons systems allows us to more and more avoid mass battles of troops, and the new doctrines of the developed armies of the world are increasingly focused on the contactless destruction of the enemy, which we have demonstrated in Syria.
    As for camouflage, the human eye can certainly be fooled, but it is not possible to hide the presence of a large amount of metal or electronic radiation from a complex technique - and this should be repelled if you want to seriously talk about camouflage methods. Even the simplest GPS-tracker, secretly activated in the on-board computer of a personal (official) car of a certain senior person, can put an end to any disguise - this is really a difficult problem to solve in the modern world.
    I’m not even talking about the short-term nature of the global war — they will generally talk about such losses that the costs of disguising themselves will no longer justify themselves.
    So it is necessary with a great deal of skepticism about such throwing-in of "solving the problems of a future war", because its scenario itself for us will not be quite the same as some authors are trying to present here.
  19. Petrol cutter
    Petrol cutter 9 October 2019 21: 55
    The article is certainly interesting, but, yes, not enough illustrations. Although, at least in the morphlot, I saw what was at stake.
  20. Whisper
    Whisper 11 October 2019 00: 24
    The beauty and awe of the enemy