Military Review

"Shishiga": legend number 66

72

The story begins with Dodge ¾


The very concept of an army car, which eventually crystallized in the GAZ-66, originates from the Lendliz truck Dodge WC 51 / 52. This machine had no analogues either in the Red Army or in the world. The main advantage was the universality of the machine, unique for those times - the size and thrust-weight ratio made it possible to use it without any problems as an artillery tractor, personal transport of high ranks, as well as an ambulance. However, the world war ended, the “cold” began, and the reserves of foreign equipment in the Red Army began to fade.



With a certain degree of conventionality, it was with the Dodge WC 51 / 52 that the GAZ-66 began its history


The first replacement of the American four-wheel drive truck was planned to make a bonnet GAZ-62 with a payload of 1,2 tons. It is noteworthy that with such an index at the Gorky Automobile Plant back in 1940 an experimental four-wheel drive gas engine was assembled, and our second stage of the GAZ-62 appeared 12 years later. Therefore, the main thing is not to get confused in them. The truck turned out okay and, perhaps, turned out to be much more harmonious than the younger brother of the GAZ-69, the work on which was going on in parallel. In some versions, the car was equipped with an onboard body and a winch, and in the craziest version with index B, it generally had eight wheels.

"Shishiga": legend number 66

GAZ-62 - the second car in a series of losers of the 62 series of GAZ



GAZ-62B remained experienced


In total, the car accommodated 9 landing personnel plus a passenger with a driver and in all respects was a sufficiently advanced car for the beginning of the 50's. But unexpectedly, the Ministry of Defense changed the requirements for the 62 car, the project in its original form was closed and moved on to the topic of creating an airborne cabless truck. In fact, the niche of the “unpublished” GAZ-62 in the early sixties was later occupied by the UAV-451 cabless. Meanwhile, having lost nearly ten years, the Gorky designers started a new project, already seriously reminiscent of "Shishig". The main limiting factor was the size of the machine - it had to fit in the cargo compartment of the An-8 military transport aircraft. That is why it was necessary to place the cab over the front axle, which in the future will become almost the main drawback of the GAZ-66.






GAZ-62 of the last, third generation. It is not difficult to see the future 66 here. The first photo is nothing more than computer graphics - the “live” machines for posterity were not left


True, in those days it was difficult to assume that the nature of the wars of the future would be mainly partisan with a wide spread of mines and IEDs. As a result, the dimensions of the second iteration of the GAZ-62 (or the third one, the main thing is not to get confused) had to be reduced, the entire top of the convertible type should be made. The windshield, side windows and a tarp roof were folding, allowing the car to fit in the An-8. In the book “Automobiles of the Soviet Army 1946-1991”, automotive historian Yevgeny Kochnev writes that if for the GAZ-62 from the 1952 of the year, the mentioned Dodge WC51 / 52 can be considered the prototype, for the 62 truck of the 1958 model of the year, German Unimog became a reference point. Indeed, some layout decisions are visible both at GAZ-62, and at its successor GAZ-66. Later in the Soviet Union, even comparative tests of the Shishigi and the German car were carried out.


Prefabricated pilot airborne landing machine from the GAZ-62. 1959 year


Still, you can’t call Unimog and GAZ-66 classmates - the domestic truck was designed primarily as a purely military vehicle (by the way, the 66 was the first of its kind), and the “German” was primarily a civilian vehicle, similar in functionality with a tractor.

But back to the GAZ-62, which in the end the military department was dissatisfied with, despite being accepted into production. The car has already managed not only to settle on the conveyor (69 trucks were produced), but also to get into the Domestic Cars directory with the expectation of being used in the national economy. The 62 index for GAZ in general became unhappy - three cars at different times were out of work, and the last cabover version was not even bothered to even be kept in the factory museum. The new truck, which replaced the galaxy of unsuccessful ones, was assigned, as it turned out, the much happier 66 index, which glorified the Gorky Automobile Plant all over the world.

Quality legend


Since the end of the 66 of the year, the chief designers of the 1957 GAZ has been Alexander Dmitrievich Prosvirnin, who, in addition, led the development of almost all the cars that are symbolic for the automobile plant - from GAZ-53 to GAZ-14 Chaika. What's new Prosvirnin implemented in the project of a light army truck-tractor? First of all, the car increased in size, obviously, due to the appearance of new An-12 military transport vehicles with a larger cargo compartment capacity - after all, air transport was put in the first place by the Ministry of Defense.




Chief Designer Alexander Prosvirnin and his brainchild in a model photo


Further, "Shishiga" received a very high specific power - about 33 liters. s / t, which was almost a record for production cars. This was largely ensured by the 8-cylinder engine ZMZ-66, with an output of 115 l. pp., designed specifically for the new Gorky truck. The highest cross-country capacity among all serial trucks of the Soviet Union at the beginning of the 60's “Shishiga” was achieved with the introduction of cross-axle limited-slip limited-slip differentials on both axles, as well as a centralized tire inflation system. By the way, the design of "self-blocks", our engineers spied on German all-terrain vehicles during the war and after, with significant modifications, developed their own mechanism. The almost standard distribution of axle weights on a loaded vehicle, 66% / 50%, also played a role in favor of the off-road capabilities of GAZ-50.


GAZ-66Б


The first real production GAZ-66 (the experimental batch of the car was assembled in early November of the 1963 of the year) was born on the 1 of July of the 1964 of the year and five years later it was the first among Soviet cars to receive a prestigious quality mark. True, evil tongues claimed that there was no particular benefit from this - for example, during the control tests at the NIIII-21 training range of the Ministry of Defense, a sign defect was recorded - "rust leak from under the quality mark."

In 1971, the ZMZ-66 gasoline was awarded with a similar distinguishing mark confirming the high quality of workmanship. Initially, the GAZ-66 range included a variant with the letter B for the Airborne Forces, which differed in the mentioned hinged windshield and fabric roof. When loading onto the landing platform, the P-7M or PP-128-5000 had to fold the cabin flush with the wooden sides of the body and lower the wheels. In addition, the seatbacks lowered together with the telescopic steering column. It was a unique design that had no analogues in the world at that time. GAZ-66B was able to withstand overloads up to 9g when landing with four- and five-domed parachute systems, while the fuel tank, sanitary module, multiple launch rocket system and, attention, sections of the DPP-40 pontoon park were mounted on the chassis. However, with the advent of the Il-76 and especially An-22 aircraft at the Air Force, the need for a complex folding structure disappeared and at the end of the 70's the machine was discontinued, replacing the usual GAZ-66 with a steel cabin. By the way, version B was developed at the Experimental Plant No. 38 MO in Bronnitsy, and produced at one of the repair plants.


GAZ-66 experimental batch with the "early" performance of the windshield. The curved side sections and the wooden body are still preserved. 1960 year



Lev Yeremeyev - a classic of Soviet car design


The characteristic and recognizable appearance of the GAZ-66 truck was designed by Lev Mikhailovich Yeremeyev, the designer of the Gorky Automobile Plant, who applied talent to many masterpieces, including ZIL-111, GAZ-21 and GAZ-14. Initially, Yeremeyev was faced with the task of providing good visibility to the driver, for which the first prototypes had a windshield with bent side sections. But according to the requirements of the Ministry of Defense, they were replaced by characteristic windows, which became real highlights of the 66 machine. So there was no need to make complex bent glass and the procedure for replacing broken glass was simplified.

The new GAZ-66 immediately became a bestseller in the Soviet Army - the truck quickly replaced the GAZ-63 and became the main light truck of the armed forces. Ahead were countless modifications, experiments and difficult service in combat conditions.

To be continued ...
Author:
Photos used:
gruzovikpress.ru, ru.wikipedia.org, drive2.ru, zr.ru
72 comments
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  1. Felix
    Felix 1 October 2019 18: 19
    +16
    My first car. Love her.
    1. andrewkor
      andrewkor 1 October 2019 18: 56
      +16
      And I love Shishiga because they took me to demobilization. From the "point" to the unit, in December, in the back, with songs performed by me!
      1. Ingvar 72
        Ingvar 72 1 October 2019 19: 44
        +5
        Quote: andrewkor
        And I love Shishiga because I was taken to a demobilization in it

        We used it for the "red men" (the commandant's office), and took them to the guardhouse (if they caught them, of course). The "shishigi" engine could be distinguished from anyone, because it was a guarantee of freedom in AWOL. laughing
  2. iConst
    iConst 1 October 2019 18: 20
    0
    I also read the version that the idea of ​​the layout of the cabin was taken from Unimog.
  3. ssergey1978
    ssergey1978 1 October 2019 18: 20
    +7
    Passable car. But the quality and consumption of gasoline is not happy.
    1. Mordvin 3
      Mordvin 3 1 October 2019 18: 53
      +3
      Quote: ssergey1978
      But the quality and consumption of gasoline is not happy.

      And what is wrong with the quality? I personally did not like the triplex there. Well, the inconvenience associated with the terms of reference.
      1. dvina71
        dvina71 1 October 2019 19: 02
        +4
        Quote: Mordvin 3
        And what is wrong with the quality?

        Mostly an engine. D-240 is directly asking for this car ..
        1. Felix
          Felix 1 October 2019 19: 10
          +10
          Quote: dvina71
          D-240 is directly asking for this car

          With diesel engines is a problem. The box is rather weak, and coupled with the big moment for the diesels at low revs - it turned out sadly at all - both the boxes were torn and the axle shafts on the front axle .. True, this was mainly due to the fussiness of the gaskets when the pontus started off from third gear. Yes, and diesel in the winter - it is too troublesome thing.
          1. dvina71
            dvina71 1 October 2019 19: 44
            +5
            Quote: Felix
            With diesel engines is a problem.

            The box in a cast-iron case ... is quite sturdy. They get old already from old age .. Half shafts fly on gasoline too .. Diesel in winter is not so troublesome. D-240 standard adaptations (EFU) starts up to -25C. (Checked, long owned Zil -5301). Gasoline in such a frost must be warmed for a long time .. by the water through the cooling system and soldering into the pallet ..
        2. Mordvin 3
          Mordvin 3 1 October 2019 19: 11
          +3
          Quote: dvina71
          D-240 is directly asking for this car ..

          D-240 has enough problems with fuel injection pumps, which are difficult to repair without special equipment. Although it was possible, probably both versions do.
          1. dvina71
            dvina71 1 October 2019 19: 30
            +12
            Quote: Mordvin 3
            D-240 has enough problems with fuel injection pump

            Faq faq UTNM is simpler than any carburetor .. if you don’t poke your hands in there. And you don’t need to poke them there at all .. Why did the same engine on Belarus in collective farms crawl for years, feed on slop, did not know how to properly maintain it? D-245 (240) eventually became on the ZIL-5301 and was there the best part of the car. Now they put D-66 at 240 and are quite happy with themselves.

            This had to be done from the factory.
            1. Mordvin 3
              Mordvin 3 1 October 2019 19: 50
              +9
              Quote: dvina71
              D-245 (240) eventually got on the ZIL-5301 and was there the best part of the car.

              You can’t imagine how I hesitated to remove this fuel pump from the bull-calves for repair. One of the most uncomfortable jobs from which hunting is spitting. However, the goby is the worst car in my opinion. Crammed dash that.
              1. dvina71
                dvina71 1 October 2019 19: 59
                +2
                Quote: Mordvin 3
                You can’t imagine how I hesitated to remove this fuel pump from the bull-calves for repair

                Imagine. I had such a car .. And it’s not at all difficult. Here on this trip I shot the high-pressure fuel pump from a jammed rail from Volvo .., right in the warehouse where it was loaded .. Now I’ll tell you this fun ...)))
                UTN, by the way, it is removed completely without problems ... within less than an hour. Here is the YAZDA-773 fuel pump .. if there is no planetary starter .. then you must first remove it .. then the fuel pump is ..
                And Goby is not the worst car .. There is one serious trouble - the brakes. What prevented immediately put pneumatics there ..? For me, a riddle .. It’s probably the same why they put a gasoline on the 66th .. with a live d-240 ..
                1. Mordvin 3
                  Mordvin 3 1 October 2019 20: 14
                  +1
                  Quote: dvina71
                  And Goby is not the worst car .. There is one serious trouble - the brakes.

                  A wonderful gearbox? And the fingers on the springs that FIG knock out for replacement? And the fingers on the door hinges that abut when knocking into the fold of the door? And, I generally do not want to write about this clunker. sad Only the cabin liked. 130 was far more maintainable. And that means that in order to remove the injection pump from the Bull, you did not have to remove the starter. And here is the torment with them.
                2. pin_code
                  pin_code 3 October 2019 06: 46
                  0
                  it’s probably easier to get a gasoline in cold weather (as an option). and in which case they will return to it if necessary (which the Saps do not want to ... this is only during the war ...)
                3. 75 Sergey
                  75 Sergey 22 December 2019 19: 13
                  -2
                  Simplicity of design, reliability, ability to drive wood after completion. This is a war machine.
            2. Dym71
              Dym71 1 October 2019 20: 29
              +3
              Quote: dvina71
              This had to be done from the factory.

              Your truth, here he is handsome:
          2. Amurets
            Amurets 2 October 2019 00: 44
            +4
            Quote: Mordvin 3
            D-240 has enough problems with fuel injection pumps, which are difficult to repair without special equipment. Although it was possible, probably both versions do.

            There are enough problems if the ND-21-4 pump is installed. Such engines came across on all-terrain vehicles GAZ-73 with D-245 diesels. Geologists had such all-terrain vehicles, so they had to be changed to UTN-5 (4-UTNM).
        3. phair
          phair 8 October 2019 02: 11
          0
          In the Far East they tame TD 27 (Nissan Terrano, Datsun). Completely fuckable. The author also forgot about self-extractors on the front axle.
        4. phair
          phair 5 December 2019 14: 37
          0
          The TD27 is rotated in the Far East.
    2. major147
      major147 1 October 2019 20: 04
      +6
      Quote: ssergey1978
      gasoline consumption is not happy.

      And "Ural" on 93rd gasoline. In our unit on a "conscription" basis, the car owners and officers slowly dumped gasoline from them. And for the exercises they were taken to the "tie", included a direct transmission and winding the mileage to write off the previously drained gasoline. And the 66th was in the "errand", "mistress" in general. One winter I had to go to lift it out of the ditch on "my" 131 with a winch.
      1. Leopold
        Leopold 2 October 2019 10: 14
        +9
        Gasoline "Urals" were sharpened for Europe, then there was at least a fill of gasoline. "Shishiga" in the GDR was fed 88th - she ran well.
      2. phair
        phair 8 October 2019 02: 13
        0
        He worked at the DVNTS motor depot (graduating doctor). I saw a speedometer corrector made from electric wipers. Although these are scientists, the military might not have known;)
        1. major147
          major147 8 October 2019 11: 39
          0
          Quote: phair
          Although these are scientists, the military might not have known;)

          For the military, it's too complicated. What is easier, two soldiers cling one car to another and drove! soldier
          1. phair
            phair 10 October 2019 02: 46
            0
            ETT quote from a joke: on a military commissar, the teacher tells, he entered service with a tank that can operate at a temperature of -300 degrees. The cadet objects, such as tamper absolute zero 273! The teacher parries, the tank is secret, scientists do not know!
            1. major147
              major147 10 October 2019 11: 34
              0
              Quote: phair
              The teacher parries, the tank is secret, scientists do not know!

              laughing
      3. 75 Sergey
        75 Sergey 22 December 2019 19: 15
        -2
        And give a reference to the document, which indicates that the Ural 375 worked on 92/93 gasoline.
        For thirty years I can’t find it.
        1. major147
          major147 22 December 2019 21: 53
          0
          Quote: 75Sergey
          And give a reference to the document, which indicates that the Ural 375 worked on 92/93 gasoline.
          For thirty years I can’t find it.

          I'll give you a link, https://warbook.club/voennaya-tehnika/boevye-mashiny/ural-375/
          such "Urals" were in the company 1978-1979. KBVO.

          The engine of the car "Ural-375"
          The Ural-375 all-terrain vehicle uses the 8-cylinder V-shaped ZiL-375 carburetor engine. The motor has a design similar to the power unit of the army and civil all-terrain vehicle ZiL-131. The differences are in the diameter of the cylinders, other pistons, a different form of the flywheel and the oil pan.
          Until 1966, exhaust manifolds of engines had a monolithic design.
          Then a composite structure was introduced, which included three parts cast from malleable cast iron. The use of such a collector made it possible to overcome water barriers with increased depth without the risk of cracking.
          The gasoline engine develops 180 horsepower. with a working volume of 7 liters. An interesting feature of early-stage ZIL-375 engines is the use of wooden sealing elements to prevent oil leakage at the rear end of the crankshaft.
          Another feature of the engine is the need to use AI-93 high-octane gasoline as fuel. Other army all-terrain vehicles (GAZ-66 or ZiL-131) are adapted to work on A-76 gasoline.


        2. Mordvin 3
          Mordvin 3 22 December 2019 22: 23
          0
          Quote: 75Sergey
          For thirty years I can’t find it.

          Hold on.

          https://sinref.ru/000_uchebniki/00660dvigateli/005_avtomobilni_dvigatel_zil_130_Kriger_1973/030.htm
          Poorly searched, probably. Then we put YaMZ on such Urals instead of gasoline.
  4. polpot
    polpot 1 October 2019 18: 20
    +7
    Thanks for the article, two years in this miracle skated, there is something to remember.
  5. Siberian 66
    Siberian 66 1 October 2019 18: 56
    +13
    Every summer I ride a shishig in the mountains. Every time I am amazed at the fantastic cross. Wades on the body, boulders with a wheel size, dirt, track on the bumper, all do not care. I look at the quality mark with nostalgia. Local Japanese cooling fans adapted right in front of the face to install, there are no more upgrades. They walk and walk, and nothing is done to them. Repair on the knee and go.
    1. Felix
      Felix 1 October 2019 19: 04
      +10
      Quote: Sibiryak 66
      no more upgrades.

      I also upgraded the ignition - a distributor with a Hall sensor, a switch from the Japanese Corolla - in the winter and summer, it started without much hassle. And the stove was a little modified, because in the winter in the Amur Region it was quite hot)))
  6. Ali Kokand
    Ali Kokand 1 October 2019 19: 02
    +4
    Dodge still had a nickname - three quarters. He especially liked the aircraft mechanics. In the memoirs all warmly spoke about him.
    1. bionik
      bionik 1 October 2019 19: 53
      +4
      Quote: Ali Kokand
      Dodge still had a nickname - three quarters.
      That is a load capacity of 750 kg. In these photos drags a pair of 120s.

  7. Umalta
    Umalta 1 October 2019 19: 08
    +12
    Gas 66 is an excellent off-road vehicle, even if it gets stuck in the mud, it is very easy to pull it out with the help of a lag, if there is nothing to catch on with a winch, there is some drawback on the mountain slopes, it easily tilts (the center of gravity is high), but again it is easily manually set on wheels, after unloading the cargo. Another drawback drove and the passenger is sitting on the wheel, hit a mine and .....
  8. Yuriy_999
    Yuriy_999 1 October 2019 19: 22
    +4
    which in the future will become almost the main drawback of the GAZ-66

    However, his virtues also came from this.
  9. garri-lin
    garri-lin 1 October 2019 20: 20
    +6
    It is strange that they were discontinued. You can bring it to modern realities without problems. Well, a very passable car. Why refuse? Not more logical to modernize?
    1. swzero
      swzero 1 October 2019 21: 18
      +1
      Why Sadko is not modernization?
      1. garri-lin
        garri-lin 1 October 2019 21: 35
        +2
        Sadko looks a lot more respectable. And harder. Although it may from the hood scheme it seems so.
        1. Amurets
          Amurets 2 October 2019 00: 50
          +4
          Quote: garri-lin
          Sadko looks a lot more respectable. And harder. Although it may from the hood scheme it seems so.

          Sadko has its own headaches and the main one is the cracks in the frame between the cab and the body.
          1. garri-lin
            garri-lin 2 October 2019 01: 45
            +3
            Lining is not fate in this place to put? The inertia of manufacturers is striking.
            1. Amurets
              Amurets 2 October 2019 05: 02
              +4
              Quote: garri-lin
              Lining is not fate in this place to put? The inertia of manufacturers is striking.

              They put linings and inserts from pieces of the old frame, but alas, the design miscalculation cannot be fixed with this. We, where I worked, had a GAZ-3308 and I didn’t remember exactly 15-20 pieces, but all the cars had lining or reinforcement from pieces of the frame, despite the fact that two GAZ-66 had no such problems.
              1. garri-lin
                garri-lin 2 October 2019 11: 36
                +4
                66 just have one problem. Consumption. The rest with direct hands is not a problem but a trifle. I remember how in Kamaz laden with firewood stuck in the forest. They sat on the bridges. Shishiga arrived and pulled out. Part of the chocks had to be thrown into the body so as not to slip. No one had problems.
    2. phair
      phair 10 October 2019 02: 54
      0
      there was muddied under a bomb blast under the driver. Debatable, debatable ...
  10. faterdom
    faterdom 1 October 2019 21: 01
    +6
    Quote: garri-lin
    It is strange that they were discontinued. You can bring it to modern realities without problems. Well, a very passable car. Why refuse? Not more logical to modernize?

    In the latest modifications, the engine was already installed with 126 hp. The machine became faster. And then ... then they simply stopped funding the army, because it "ate everyone", the army, accordingly, stopped buying anything, including planes, tanks and cars. Su's tank and aircraft industry saved Indian orders. Nobody saved GAZ, although Sadko was seen in Syria ...
    1. swzero
      swzero 2 October 2019 20: 56
      +13
      Well, with Gas it was still normal more or less by the standards of the 90s - the gazelles and the Volga rescued. But ZIL and Azlkda, they buried them, like many other plants. Sometimes it seems that from the Nazis the damage was less in the Second World War than in the 90s from the liberals, especially when you consider the enterprises bent in Khokhlostan and other Bantustans.
  11. Alf
    Alf 1 October 2019 21: 12
    +11
    They said that for those who ride Shishig for a long time, an additional joint appears in their hand.
    1. Ural-4320
      Ural-4320 2 October 2019 18: 19
      +3
      Shishiga is the only machine in the army that can exhaust smoke rings through an exhaust pipe.
  12. PilotS37
    PilotS37 1 October 2019 22: 54
    0
    Yes ... Our childhood and our youth ...
    Shishiga - never forget this!
  13. kinolog2322
    kinolog2322 1 October 2019 23: 48
    +3
    Yeah .. Shishiga. "Outpost with a gun!"
    1. Lexa-149
      Lexa-149 2 October 2019 08: 38
      +2
      At the junction of the 12th and 13th outposts of the Moscow PogO, the shisharik with the new recruits died in the winter. Dragged them in tow SAU2s1 to the outpost.
      1. Leopold
        Leopold 2 October 2019 10: 11
        +7
        Roof lights are a valuable thing. If they burn, then the test is going. If not, then you can change the posts in a shortened version.
  14. Astronaut
    Astronaut 2 October 2019 01: 36
    +7
    Somehow in Africa, in Mozambique, they got stuck in a bush after a rain, and suddenly, from behind a hill, a GAZ 66 appeared, loaded with blacks, and the local driver was so smart that he could deliver our stalled Toyota ...
    Drop dead car !!!
  15. UVB
    UVB 2 October 2019 07: 58
    +6
    On the basis of the GAZ-66, a three-axle version of the GAZ-34 was created. The car was equipped with a 41-liter GAZ-8, V5.5 gasoline engine with a capacity of 140 hp, the clutch was reinforced from the ZIL-130, from the ZIL there was also a five-speed gearbox with synchronizers of all transmissions except the first. Razdatka was 2-speed. However, for various reasons and in connection with the release of ZIL-131 and URAL-375, the car did not go into series.
    1. Suhow
      Suhow 7 October 2019 21: 33
      0
      Cool three-bridge.)
  16. Lexa-149
    Lexa-149 2 October 2019 08: 34
    0
    The running gear of the "shisharik" is excellent, but it eats gasoline like a damned one. (((
  17. Bodipancher
    Bodipancher 2 October 2019 09: 36
    +1
    The cramped seats and the lever behind my back knock me in a shishig. Here, the new lawn looks much better for the driver and passengers.
  18. Nycomed
    Nycomed 2 October 2019 19: 07
    0
    Dodge ¾ - legendary stuff! And our "Shishiga", and also: "Studer", "Willis" and ZIL-157 and any war at once!
    1. Nycomed
      Nycomed 3 October 2019 05: 28
      +4
      To my shame, I did not know anything about this man, Lev Mikhailovich Eremeev. Now I'll know. Thanks to the author! good
  19. ccsr
    ccsr 2 October 2019 20: 05
    +2
    A good, solid article about a good machine, which has been a symbol of the Soviet Army since the sixties. As they say, this is a whole era in the history of automobile troops.
  20. trahterist
    trahterist 2 October 2019 21: 22
    +1
    On patency heard only positive reviews.
    Here and Unimog boasts little
    (in the network services of my hometown there are shishigi, and new bonnet hoods of the Sadko type, and the new Unimog).
    The only negative is the extremely inconvenient location of the gearbox and, accordingly, the gearshift lever.
    Engine...
    As one acquaintance used to say, with experience from Soviet times, like V8 appeared on lawns, I completely forgot what breakdowns and other hemorrhoids were, what row sixes were famous for.
  21. Tima62
    Tima62 3 October 2019 13: 39
    0
    On Dodzhik, at the beginning of the article, the cans were newly purchased, from the tractor trolley 9.00-16.
  22. fighter angel
    fighter angel 3 October 2019 15: 17
    0
    Somewhat disagree with the author.

    "... from a Dodge WC 51/52 Lendleigh truck. This vehicle had no analogues either in the Red Army or in the world ..."

    There were analogues, moreover, on the eve of the war, in 1941, and it was in the Red Army.
    All-wheel drive car Gaz-61-417, created by Vitaly Grachev.
    You can watch the newsreel footage: no problem, in winter, he is carrying a 57-mm ZiS-2 cannon along with a side-box and a crew. In terms of carrying capacity, this "Gazik" is approximately equal to Dodge, but in terms of engine power, naturally, it is inferior. It would be simpler for him to have a body and fenders, and it would be ours, "Soviet Dodge"! But the capabilities of the industry and the complexity of production put an end to this interesting machine. Only 36 of these machines were produced. They took part in the battle for Moscow; unfortunately, none of them survived to the Victory.
  23. dgonni
    dgonni 3 October 2019 17: 38
    +1
    Shishiga! Planting and planting is unrealistic. Although there were specialists who were so skilled. For off-road driving, the gearbox lever should work fine well, and Rui should know how gears work on a particular car.
    Geometry has the ability to travel through any obstacles. If swap works the limit is very far. But 90% drove him there where 131 passes.
    Problematic are the box control mechanism and swap. Although the swap heavily depends on the carrier!
  24. Fisherman
    Fisherman 4 October 2019 10: 42
    0
    I rode on an army shishig when my father and my father arrived in the army somewhere in Azerbaijan somewhere else when the USSR was. The uncle on it served in an autobaht. I was 5 years old then, no more. But I immediately liked the shishiga. Uncle said later that Shishiga was the only truck running on 93 gasoline. True, she ate this gasoline in buckets.
  25. Comrade Kim
    Comrade Kim 7 October 2019 20: 48
    +1
    "designed designer Gorky Automobile Plant Lev Mikhailovich Eremeev ".

    There was no such subject in Soviet universities as design.
    We called it art design.
  26. Laplander
    Laplander 8 October 2019 11: 26
    -1
    In the article, the author says that it is not necessary to compare gas-66 and unimog, supposedly a civil unimog ... This is not true. It is not only necessary to compare, but also simply necessary, because the inspiration for the creation of gas-62, which means shishigi, was unimog, not only the first series 401 and 411, but the military unimog s or another 404 series. But on the cross they really can not be compared, but only in the wrong direction as the majority writes
  27. Laplander
    Laplander 8 October 2019 18: 40
    0
    Shishigi's passability is not unlimited, and in comparison with the unimog 404 it loses. But here what cannot be taken away from the Soviet car is reliability and maintainability.

  28. shmelik45
    shmelik45 9 October 2019 13: 01
    0
    Quote: dvina71
    Quote: Mordvin 3
    D-240 has enough problems with fuel injection pump

    Faq faq UTNM is simpler than any carburetor .. if you don’t poke your hands in there. And you don’t need to poke them there at all .. Why did the same engine on Belarus in collective farms crawl for years, feed on slop, did not know how to properly maintain it? D-245 (240) eventually became on the ZIL-5301 and was there the best part of the car. Now they put D-66 at 240 and are quite happy with themselves.

    This had to be done from the factory.

    And another five-speed box from ZIL-131
  29. bar
    bar 10 October 2019 10: 16
    0
    GAZ-66, originates from the Lendlizovsky truck Dodge WC 51/52

    The article is interesting, but the conclusions are strange. The author for some reason dragged Dodge WC 51/52, and for some reason forgot about the GAZ-63, which actually was the dad of the 66th.

    I understand that the American auto industry has helped the Soviet one in many ways, but it’s not good not to notice the obvious.
  30. Li17
    Li17 11 October 2019 06: 44
    0
    In the 80s, in the Cossack camps (training center NVVKKUS) we were thrown into the maintenance of equipment. As I remember now, we are standing near the shishiga and discussing what a beautiful car! The officer in charge of this "beauty" chuckled and said that all her beauty was nothing compared to the horror of maintenance and operation. A hundred times later I remembered the words of this commander when I got this "happiness" !!! A weak and capricious engine, an ever-flying clutch, the brakes for which the norm is to work for the third time, gas mileage, an eternal problem with spare parts ... By the way, when I watch Ukrainians fighting on shishigs, I already sympathize with them in advance! And for comrades, fans of this miracle, only a commander with gouges in submission can understand me, and not a private owner!
    And yet, on the march after a couple of hours you don’t know where to put yourself, it’s very difficult to sit crooked!
  31. tima_ga
    tima_ga 13 October 2019 18: 42
    0
    The first memory of a shishiga - kmb, stuffed with a platoon all over the body and after crawling in the mud in the rain, this body under the awning seemed to be the top of comfort ... And then pokatushki in the Caucasus mountains and a gimbal cut on the stones of the river :)